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# Code: RR 220101

RR
PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS
(Common to CE, ME, IT, CSS, ECC, BT and CSE)

## B.Tech II Year II Semester (RR) Supplementary Examinations, April / MAY 2012

Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) (b) 2 (a) (b)

Max Marks: 80

State and prove Bayes theorem of probability. In a single throw of two dice, what is the probability of obtaining a sum of atleast 10? Define random variable, discrete probability distribution, continuous probability distribution and cumulative distribution. Give an example of each. Assume that 50% of all engineering students are good in mathematics. Determine the probabilities that among 18 engineering students (i) Exactly 10 (ii) Atleast 10 (iii) Atmost 8 (iv) Atleast 2 and atmost 9, are good in mathematics. Define Poisson distribution and find its variance and the mean. Find the mean and standard deviation of a normal distribution in which 7% of items are under 35 and 89% are under 63. A random sample of 6 steel beams has a mean compressive strength of 58,392 psi (pounds per square inch) with a standard deviation of 648 psi. Use this information and level of significance = 0.05 to test whether the true average compressive strength of the steel form which this sample came is 58,000 psi. Measurements of the fat content of two kinds of ice cream, Brand A and Brand B, yielded the following sample data: Brand A (%) 13.5 14 13.6 12.9 13 Brand B (%) 12.9 13 12.4 13.5 12.7 Test the null hypothesis 1 = 2 (where 1 and 2 are the respective true average fat contents of the two kinds of ice cream) against the alternative hypothesis 1 2 at the level of significance = 0.05.

3 (a) (b)

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Code: RR 220101 6

RR

In a survey of incomes of two classes of workers of two random samples gave the following details. Examine whether the difference between (i) means and (ii) the s.d are significant. Sample Size Mean Annual income in Rs. Standard deviation 100 582 54 100 546 28 in Rs.

(a)

Using least square method, fit a second degree polynomial. Estimate y at x= 0.65. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 12.0 10.5 10.0 8.0 7.0 8.0 7.5 8.5 9.0

(b)

A chemical company, wishing to study the effect of extraction time on the efficiency of an extraction, obtained the data shown in the following table 27 45 41 19 35 39 19 49 15 31 Extracting time 57 64 80 46 62 72 52 77 57 68 Extraction Efficiency Fit a straight line to the form y = a + b x

(a) (b)

The regression equations of two variables x and y are x= 0.7 y + 5.2, y = 0.3x + 2.8 Find the means of the variables and the coefficient of correlation between them. Find the correction coefficient r for the following data: -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 0.1 2.5 3.4 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.5 2.8 0.3

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