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M.Sc. (Applied Geology)

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GS 407 Structural Geology 3 0 0 6 Dynamic and kinematic analyses of rocks in two dimensions, stress and strain. Folds classification, mechanism of folding, Biots law - strain within buckled layer, similar fold and shear fold, kink bands, chevron folds and conjugate fold; cleavage, lineation, boudinage; deformation of linear structures by flexural slip folding and shear folding; deformation of planar structures by flexural slip folding and shear folding; superimposed folding, type 1, 2 and 3 interference pattern; faults and ductile shear zone. Texts/References Ramsay, J.G. Folding and fracturing of rocks, McGraw Hill, 1967. Ghosh, S.K. Structural GeologyFundamentals and modern development, Pergamon, 1993. Hobbs, B.E., Means, W.D. and Williams, P.F. An outline of structural geology, John Wiley, 1976. Ramsay, J. G. and Huber, M. I. 1987. The techniques of modern structural geology, Folds and Fractures. Academic Press, London. GS 421 Palaeontology 3 0 0 6 Nature of the fossil record, taphonomy; growth, allometry and heterochrony; species concepts and systematics nomenclature, classification and phylogenetics; adaptation and functional morphologic analysis; evolutionary rates and trends; global diversity and extinction, mass extinctions. Palaeoecology and palaeobiogeography; palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic reconstruction; isotopic palaeobiology. Applications of fossils in biostratigraphy, correlation and sequence stratigraphy. Sampling and sample preparation techniques for microfossils, morphology and classification of foraminifera, study of some common benthic and planktonic foraminifera. Stratigraphic palaeontology of India. Texts/References Foote, M. and Miller, A.I. Principles of Paleontology, III Edition. W.H. Freeman and Company, 2007. Clarkson, E.N.K. Invertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, IV edition, Blackwell Science, 1998. Prothero, D.R Bringing Fossils to LifeAn Introduction to Paleobiology. Mc Graw Hill, 1998. Armstrong, H.A. and Brasier, M.D. Microfossils, II Edition, Blackwell Publishing, 2005. GS 415 Applied Mineralogy and X-Ray Crystallography 3 0 0 6 Crystallography: crystal growth, external and internal symmetry, space group. XRD: powder and single crystal diffraction, reciprocal lattice and mathematical crystallography. Crystal defects and chemistry: colour, cause and enhancement techniques, crystal field, molecular orbital and band theories. Electronic and vibrational spectroscopy methods. Electron microscopy and its mineralogical applications. Thermal analytical techniques (DTA, DSC, TG). Biological-mineralogical interactions. Medical mineralogy, Clays and Zeolites, Gemology. Texts/References Jones, M. P. Applied Mineralogy: A quantitative approach. Graham & Trotman, 1987. Dyar, M. D. and Gunter, M. E. Mineralogy and Optical Mineralogy. Mineralogical Society of America. 708p. 2008. Karanth, R. V. Gems and Gem Industry, Geological Society of India, Memoir, 45, 2000.

Pieters, C. M. and Englert, P. A, (eds.) Remote Geochemical Analysis: Elemental and Mineralogical Composition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997. King, P. L. Ramsey, M. S. and Swayse, G. A. (ed.) Infrared Spectroscopy in Geochemistry, Exploration Geochemistry and Remote Sensing, Mineralogical Association of Canada, short course series, 33, 2004. Klein, C. Manual of Mineral Science, 22nd Edition. John Wiley and Sons, 2001. CS 101 Computer Programming and Utilization 2 1 0 6 This course provides an introduction to problem solving with computers using a modern language such as Java or C/C++. Topics covered will include Utilization : Developer fundamentals such as editor, integrated programming environment, Unix shell, modules, libraries. Programming features : Machine representation, primitive types,arrays and records, objects, expressions, control statements, iteration,procedures, functions, and basic i/o. Applications : Sample problems in engineering, science, text processing, and numerical methods. Texts/References C++ Program Design: An introduction to Programming and Object-Oriented Design, 3rd Edition, by Cohoon and Davidson, Tata McGraw Hill. 2003. Other references (Not required reading). Thinking in C++ 2nd Edition by Bruce Eckel(available online). G. Dromey, How to Solve It by Computer, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1982. Polya, G., How to Solve _It (2nd ed.), Doubleday and co. (1957). Let Us C. Yashwant Kanetkar. Allied Publishers, 1998. The Java Tutorial, Sun Microsystems. Addison-Wesley, 1999. GS 413 Structural Geology Lab 0 0 3 3 Stereographic plotting and contouring of planes and lines. Analysis of folds, faults and ductile shear zone. Strain measurements from deformed fossils and other markers. Interpretation of geological maps. Computer aids to analysis of structural data. Texts/References Rowland, S.M. and Duebendorfer, E.M. Structural Analysis and Synthesis, Pergamon, 1994. D M Ragan Structural geology - An Introduction to Geometrical Techniques, John Wiley, 1985. Turner, F.J. and Weiss, L.E. Structural Analysis of Metamorphic Tectonites, Mc Graw Hill, 1963. Paor, D. Structural Geology and Personal Computer, Pergamon, 1996. GS 435 Mineralogy, Crystallography and Optics Lab 0 0 3 3 Crystal growth experiments, 32 point groups, powder XRD, reciprocal lattice, chemical analysis and mineral formulas, UV-VIS, IR and Raman spectroscopy, DTA-TGA, crystal optics, colour enhancement and gem testing. Texts/References Klein, C. Mineral & Rock: Exercise in crystallography, mineralogy & hand specimen petrology (Rev.Ed.) 405p. John Wiley & Sons, 1989. Ness, W.D. Optical Minerology. 348p, Oxford University Press, 2004. Anderson, B.W. Gem Testing, Butterworths, 1990. GS 433 Palaeontology Lab 0 0 3 3 Morphological descriptions, systematics and illustrations of representative fossils belonging to Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Brachiopoda, Echinodermata and Arthropoda; Cladistic analysis using PAST; Computation of evolutionary metrics of selected groups of fossils using

Paleobase; Processing of samples for micropalaeontological studies; study of selected foraminiferal genera; preparation technique for scanning electron microscopic studies and observation of some microfossils under SEM; preparation of stratigraphic range charts and biostratigraphic zonation. Texts/References Murray, J.W. Atlas of Invertebrate Macrofossils, Longman. 1985. Woods, H. Palaeontology Invertebrate, International Book Bureau, 1966. GS 434 Igneous Petrology and Volcanology 2 0 0 4 Magmas and volcanoes; volcanism on Earth, Moon, and the terrestrial planets; mechanisms of partial melting and magma generation in the Earth; chemical compositions and physical properties of magmas; role of volatiles in magmas and volcanic eruptions; volcanic hazards; magma evolution by differentiation; Mg Number and other geochemical parameters; fractional crystallization and liquid lines of descent; lever rule; the AFM and TAS diagrams; mineral-liquid equilibrium; fractional and batch melting; nomenclature and classification of igneous rocks; magma series; major volcanoes, volcanic eruptions and magmatic provinces of the Earth; related numericals. Texts/References Best, M. G. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, 2nd Edn., Blackwell, 2003. Cox, K. G., Bell, J. D. and Pankhurst, R. J. The Interpretation of Igneous Rocks. Unwin Hyman, 1979. Hall, A. Igneous Petrology, 2nd Edn., Longman, 1996. McBirney, A. R. Igneous Petrology, 3rd Edn., Jones & Bartlett, 2006. Middlemost, E. A. K. Magmas and Magmatic Rocks. Longman, 1985. Parfitt, E. and Wilson, L. Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. Winter, J. D. Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. Prentice-Hall, 2001. GS 436 Sedimentlogy 2 0 0 4 Modern and ancient sedimentary environments- rivers, lakes, eolian, glaciers, shallow seas, delta, estuaries and deep marine, interpreting ancient depositional environments- concept of facies, paleocurrents and provenance. Processes of sediment transport and sedimentary structures. Post-depositional sedimentary processes- clastic and carbonate diagenesis, Stratigraphy- concepts and lithostratigraphy, sequence stratigraphy and sea level changes. Sedimentary basins- classifications, introduction to basin analysis. Texts/References Collinson, J., Mountney, N., Thompson, D., Sedimentary Structures, Terra Publishing, 3rd Edn., 2006. Nicholls, G. Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. Wiley-Blackwell, 1999. Prothero, D.R. and Schwab, F. Sedimentary Geology: An Introduction to Sedimentary Rocks and Stratigraphy, 2nd Edn., W.H. Freeman, 2003. Selley, R.C., Applied sedimentology, 2nd Edn., Academic Press, 2000. Tucker, M.E. Sedimentary Petrology, 3rd Edn., Blackwell Science, 2001. GS 430 Metamorphic Petrology 2 0 0 4 Factors controlling metamorphism; types of metamorphism; transient geotherm pressuretemperature regimes; protolith types and characteristic metamorphic minerals; metamorphic textures; projection in positive and negative space; ACF, AKF and AFM diagrams; metamorphic facies and facies series; metamorphic zones; thermodynamic principles of metamorphic reactions; regional metamorphism of pelitic, carbonate and mafic rocks; contact metamorphism; granulite, eclogite and migmatite; metamorphic differentiation, experimental studies on metamorphic reactions; metamorphic terranes in relation to plate tectonics.

Texts/References Stuwe, K. Geodynamics of the Lithosphere. Springer-Verlag, 2007. Philopotts, A.R. Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Prentice Hall, 1994. Yardley, B.W.D. Metamorphic Petrology, Longman, 1989. GS 422 Process Geomorphology, Remote Sensing and GIS 2 0 0 4 Concepts in process geomorphology, chemical weathering and soil formation, slope processes, drainage basin morphometry, major processes and associated landforms: tectonic, fluvial, aeolian, coastal, karst and glacial. Electro magnetic radiation and remote sensing: interaction of EMR with atmosphere and terrain features, platforms and sensors, resolution and calibration aspects of remotely sensed data, photogrammetry, aerial photo interpretation, satellite remote sensing, fundamentals of digital image processing and classification, introduction to Geographic Information System, spatial data models and data structures, visualization and query of spatial data, overlay analyses, geological applications of remotely sensed data and GIS. Texts/References Ritter,D.F., Kochel,R.C.,Miller,J.R., Process Geomorphology, Waveland press, 2002. Bloom,A.L., Geomorphology: A systematic Analysis of Late Cenozoic Landforms, Printice Hall, 2003. Joseph,G., Fundamentals of Remote Sensing, University Press, 2005. Lillesand, T.M. and Kiefer, R.W. Remote sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley, 1987. Pandey, S.N. Principles and Applications of Photogeology, Wiley Eastern, 1987. Bonham Carter, G.F. GIS for Geoscientists- Modelling with GIS, Elsevier, 1994. GS 438 Economic and Mining Geology 4 0 0 8 Classification of ore deposits. Orthomagmatic, pegmatitic and pneumatolitic deposits. Hydrothermal processes, deposit forms and classification. Weathering, supergene enrichment and residual deposits. Sedimentary, metamorphic and metamorphosed ore deposits. Important examples. Geological mapping, guides for ore search, delineation of ores, drilling, core-sampling, reserve estimation. Introduction to underground and surface mining methods. Underground exploration and sampling of ore deposits. Methods of computation of developed ore reserves. Introduction to geostatistical ore reserve estimation. Mineral resources and their classification. Texts/References Robb, L. Introduction to Ore-forming processes. Blackwell Publ., Oxford, 2005. Mookherjee, A. Ore genesis A holistic approach, Allied Publisher, New Delhi, 1999. Evans, A.M., Ore Geology and Industrial Minerals - An Introduction, Oxford Blackwell Scientific Publ., London, 1993. McKinstry, H.E. Mining Geology, Asia Publ., 1980. Evans, A.M. Introduction to Mineral Exploration, Blackwell Science, Oxford, 1995. Hartman, H.L, Introduction to Mining Engineering, John Wiley & Sons,1987. Journel, A.G. and Huijbregts, Ch., Mining Geostatistics, Academic Press, 1978. Armstrong, M., Basic linear geostatistics, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1998. GS 440 Geomorphology, Remote Sensing and GIS lab 0 0 3 3 Topographical map interpretation for different landforms, analysis of weathering trends, exercises on slopes and slope stability, drainage basin morphometry, airphoto interpretation for geological and geomorphological applications, parallax measurements for height determination, generation of DEM and DTM, interpretation of satellite images, exposure to image processing and GIS software. Texts/References

Lattman, L.H. and Ray, R.G. Aerial photographs in field geology, McGraw Hill, 1965. Way, D.S. Terrain Analysis. N3/4-ITC Delft, The Netherlands, Mc Graw Hill, 1973. GS 416 Petrology lab 0 0 6 6 Study of textures and mineral compositions of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, their identification and classification. Modal analysis of rocks, study of size, shape, roundness, packing and orientation of grains. CIPW norms, Niggli values, variation diagrams. ACF, AKF and AFM diagrams. Texts/References Williams, H., Turner, F.J. and Gilbert, C.M. Petrography- An Introduction to the Study of Rocks in Thin Sections, W.H.Freeman and Company, 1954. Kerr, P.F. Optical Mineralogy, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1959. GS 450 Geological field work 0 0 0 3 Field work in Metamorphic Terrain, Toposheet reading, Use of GPS, Recconnaitory traverse, Structural Mapping (1:1000) scale, Oriented Sampling, Shear zone studies, Visit to mines. Texts/References Turner, F.J. and Weiss, L.E. Structural Analysis of Metamorphic Tectonites, Mc Graw Hill, 1963. GS 527 Ore Petrology 2 0 0 4 Incident light microscope, sample preparation, reflected light optics. Optical properties of ore minerals. Reflectance and microhardness. Ore textures and paragenesis. Application of ore microscopy in mineral technology. Study of phase diagrams related to ore assemblages and construction of stability diagrams. Geothermometry and geobarometry of ore assemblages. Fluid inclusion studies. Introduction to stable isotopic studies of ores. Texts/References Mookherjee, A. Ore genesis A holistic approach, Allied Publisher, New Delhi, 1999. Craig, J.R. and Vaughan, D.J. Ore Microscopy and Ore Petrology, John Wiley, 2nd Edn., 1994. Galopin, R. and Henry, N.F.M. Microscopic Study of Opaque Minerals, McCrone Research Associates Ltd., London, 1972. Ramdohr, P. The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1980. Barnes, H.L. (ed.) Geochemistry of Hydrothermal Ore Deposits, 3rd edn. John Wiley,2002. R.L.Stanton, R.L. Ore Petrology, McGraw Hill, 1972. GS 507 Engineering and Groundwater Geology 3 0 0 6 Engineering geological and hydrogeological explorations. Concepts of stress, strain, Mohr circle and failure theories. Engineering properties of rocks, and soils and their classifications. Weathering. Discontinuities in rock masses. Engineering behaviour of rock materials and rock masses. Rock slope stability, landslides and stability of structures, construction materials, dams and reservoirs, tunnels and excavations, foundations and structures in earthquake prone regions. Engineering geological aspects of weaker materials. Reinforcements of rock masses. Site investigations and important case studies. Hydrologic cycle, runoff estimation, vertical distribution of soil moisture, groundwater, aquifer systems, springs, groundwater flow, coastal aquifers and seawater intrusion, well hydraulics, field techniques in groundwater exploration and exploitation, chemistry and quality, case studies on groundwater development and management. Texts/References Bell, F.G. Fundamentals of Engineering Geology, Butterworths, 1983. Krynine, D.P. Judd, W.P. Principles of Engineering Geology, McGraw Hill, 1957. Raghunath, H.M. Groundwater, Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1987.

Freeze, R.A. and Cherry, J.A. Groundwter, Prentice Hall, 1979. Fetter, C.W., Applied Hydrogeology, Merrill Publishing Company, 2000. GS 517 Solid Earth and Exploration Geophysics 3 0 0 6 Introduction to geophysical methods of exploration and their applications, physical properties of rocks, minerals and ores, types and scales of survey. Principles of gravity and magnetic methods, Working principle of gravimeters, fluxgate and proton precession magnetometers, gravity and magnetic surveys, data reduction, anomalies, geological interpretation and modeling for simple geometrical shapes. Fundamentals of electrical and electromagnetic methods of prospecting, origin of self potential and induced polarization, surveys, instruments, application and interpretation. Theory and geometry of seismic wave propagation, Reflection and refraction methods, CMP technique, seismic sources and arrays, Data processing sequence, velocity analysis, stacking and migration, Seismic interpretation. Introduction to well logging, formation evaluation, principles of electrical, nuclear, density and sonic logging with applications. Texts/References Robert J. Lillie, Whole Earth Geophysics, An introductory textbook for geologists and Geophysicists, Prentice Hall, 1999. Alan E. Mussett and M. Aftab Khan, Looking into the earth, An introduction to geological geophysics, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000. Fowler, C.M.R. Solid Earth An Introduction to Global Geophysics, cambridge University Press, 1990. Telford, W.M. Geldart, L.P. and Sheriff, R.E., Applied Geophysics,Cambridge University Press, 1990. Robinson, E.S. and Coruh, C. Basic Exploration Geophysics, John Wiley & Sons, 1988. GS 535 Statistical Methods in Geosciences 3 0 0 6 Introduction to probability: random experiments, events, sample space, definitions of probability. Conditional probability and independence of events, Bayes theorm. Random variables, discrete and continuous probability distributions, joint probability distributions, conditional probability distributions. Mathematical expectation, moment generating and characteristic functions. Binomial, Poisson, Normal, Gamma, Exponential, Hypergeometric, Multinomial, Chi-square, t, and F distributions. Introduction to statistical inference, sampling distributions, point and interval estimation, hypothesis testing involving one and two univariate populations. Linear models ANOVA. Linear and multiple regression. Introduction to multivariate techniques PCA, factor analysis, linear discriminant analysis, classification. Texts/References Ross, S.M. Introduction to probability and statistics for engineers and scientists. Elsevier,2004. Spiegel, M.R. Probability and Statistics, Schaums Outline Series, McGraw-Hill Intl., Singapore,Asian Student edn., 1982. Davis, J.C. Statistics and data analysis in geology, John Wiley, 1986. Walpole, R.E. and Myers, R.H. Probability and statistics for engineers and scientists, Macmillan Publ. Co., 1989. Johnson, R.A. and Wichern, D.W. Applied multivariate statistical analysis, Prentice Hall Inc.,New Jersey, 1982. Hardle W. Applied multivariate statistical analysis. Springer, 2003. GS 537 Geochemistry and Geochemical Thermodynamics 3 0 0 6 Chemical composition of the Earth and its constituent reservoirs; meteorite evidence; elementary statistics for geochemistry; major, minor and trace elements including rare

earth elements; element partitioning between minerals and melts; oxide-element conversions; radioactivity and geochronology; chemical and isotopic fractionation; application of Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotope geochemistry to rock dating, petrogenesis, and crust-mantle evolution; mixing phenomena in elements and isotopes; related numericals. Introduction to equilibrium thermodynamics; laws of thermodynamics; internal energy, heat capacity, enthalpy and entropy; Gibbs free energy and chemical potential; fugacity and activity; Raoult's law and Henry's law; ideal and non-ideal solutions; equilibrium constant; principles of geothermobarometry; aqueous solutions and solubility equilibria; activities of ionic species; construction of Eh-pH diagrams. Texts/References Anderson, G.M. Thermodynamics of Natural Systems, Cambridge University Press, 2005. Winter, J. D. Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. Prentice-Hall, 2001. Drever, J.I. The Geochemistry of Natural Waters, 3rd Edn., Prentice Hall, 1997. Faure, G. Principles of Isotope Geology, 2nd Edn., John Wiley, 1986. Mason, B. and Moore, C. B. Principles of Geochemistry, 4th Edn., John Wiley, 1982. Wood, B.J. and Fraser, D.G. Elementary Thermodynamics for Geologists. Oxford, 1977. GS 539 Engineering Geology and Groundwater Lab 0 0 3 3 Study of rocks for their mineralogical, textural, weathering and discontinuity aspects. Engineering properties of rocks, soils, clays and construction aggregates. Maps and numerical exercises. Instrumentation in engineering geology and hydrogeology. Geophysical Surveys resistivity, gravity and magnetic methods. Runoff estimation, borehole data analysis, groundwater exploration, pump test and estimation of aquifer hydraulics. Texts/References Gokhale, K.V.G.K. and Rao, D.M. Experiments in Engineering Geology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1981. Vutukuri, V.S. , Lama, R.D. and Saluja, S.S. Handbook of Mechanical Properties of Rocks, Trans Tech. S.A., Switzerland, Vol 1,2,3 & 4, 1974. GS 541 Analytical Geochemistry Lab 0 0 3 3 Chemical analysis of rocks and minerals, digestion techniques, preparation of standards, estimation of major oxide percentages using spectrophotometric / flame photometric and titrimetric methods. Preparation of calibration curves. Gravimetric estimation of silica and R2O3. Determination of U and The using nuclear techniques. Introduction to Neutron Activation Analysis, principles of ICP analysis. Texts/References Shapiro, L. and Brannock, W.W. Rapid Analysis of Silicate, 1956. Carbonate and Phosphate Rocks, US Geological Survey Bulletin, 1144A, 1975. Jeffrey, P.G. Chemical methods of rock analysis, Pergamon Press, 1970. GS 519 Ore Petrology Lab 0 0 3 3 Study of optical properties of ore minerals under incident light microscope. Preparation of samples. Determination of VHN and reflectivity. Systematic study of ore minerals. Study of ore textures. Fluid inclusion petrography, heating and freezing studies. Texts/References Ineson, P.R. Introduction to Practical Ore Microscopy, Longman Publishers, 1989. Picot, P. and Johan, Z. Atlas of Ore Minerals, Elsevier Publishers, 1982. Craig, J.R. and Vaughan, D.J., Ore Microscopy and Ore Petrology, John Wiley, 1994.

GS 551 Industrial Training 0 0 0 0 3 weeks in summer vacation after 2nd semester, P/NP on basis of certificate from training centre / lab. GS 534 Tectonics and Crustal Evolution 3 0 0 6 Composition of crust, mantle and core; plate tectonics; tectonic setting; deformation pattern and magma association, Precambrian tectonics. Phanerozoic plate tectonics. Evolution of the Himalayas and Indian Ocean. Evolution of Indian subcontinent, Ur to Rodinia to Gondwanaland. Texts/References Eldridge M. Moores, Robert J. Twiss, Tectonics. Freeman and Company, 1995. Brain F. Windley, The evolving continents, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 1977. Condie, K.C. Plate Tectonics and Crustal Evolution, 3rd Ed. Pergamon, Oxford Press, 1989. Valdiya, K.S. Aspects of Tectonics - Focus on south central Asia. Tata McGraw-Hill, 1984. Kearey Phillips and Vine, F.J. Global Tectonics. Blackwell Science, Oxford, 1996. GS 536 Nuclear Geology and Geochemical Prospecting 2 0 0 4 Nuclear fuel cycle, mineralogy and geochemistry of radioactive minerals. classification of uranium deposits, metallogenic epochs and provinces of uranium mineralisation. uranium exploration. nuclear waste disposal. Principles and methods of geochemical prospecting, pathfinders and trace elements in rocks and soils. Primary and secondary dispersion patterns, geochemical anomalies and their interpretation Texts/References Aswathanarayana, U. Principles of Nuclear Geology, Oxford Press, 1985. Hawkes, H.E. & Webb, J.S. Geochemistry in Mineral Exploration, Harper & Row, 1980. GS 538 Petroleum and Coal Geology 3 0 0 6 Origin of petroleum, source rock and maturation of kerogen, palaeothermometers; primary and secondary migration; reservoirs porosity, permeability and capillary pressure, porosity types in clastic and carbonate reservoirs, reservoir heterogeneity, drive mechanisms; traps and seals classification of traps; compositin of petroleum, physical and chemical properties of oil; brief idea about the hydrocarbon resources of India, the classification and stratigraphy of petroliferous basins of India. Origin of coal, classification of coal, morphology, composition of peat, lignite, anthracite. Coal series, terminology, structure and petrography of coals; physical and chemical properties of coal; coal reserve in India; brief idea about the world coal resources; exploration of coal; utilization of coalcombustion and gasification of coal; coal and environment. Texts/References Leverson, A.L. Geology of Petroleum. Freeman and co., 1970. Selley, R. C. Elements of Petroleum Geology, II Edition. Academic Press, 1998. Stach, E. et al. Stach's textbook of coal petrology. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 1975. Taylor, G.H., Teichmller, M.., Davis, C. Organic Petrology: A new handbook incorporating some revised parts of Stach's Textbook of Coal Petrology, 1998. Chandra, D., Singh, R.M., Singh, M.P. Text Book of Coal (Indian Context). Tara Printing Works, Varanasi, 2000. GS 514 Environmental Geology 2 0 0 4 Carbonate system and pH control. Water-rock interaction and solubility of minerals; incongruent dissolution of primary silicates; mass balance approach to weathering. Pollution of water and land by mining activities and industrial effluents. Acid mine drainage. trace metals, speciation and toxicity. Clay mineralogy; cation exchange in clay minerals; Langmuir and Freundlich sorption isotherms. Radioactive pollution; radioactive waste

disposal. Coastal environments of India; coastal regulation zone; coastal pollution and hazards. Statistical tools for environmental data analyses. Environmental impact assessment studies. Texts/References Apello, C.A.J. and Postma, D. Geochemistry, Groundwater & Pollution. Balkema, 2005. Drever, J.I. Geochemistry of Natural Waters. Prentice Hall, 1997. Langmuir, D. Aqueous Environmental Geochemistry. Prentice hall, 1997. GS 540 Climate Geology 2 0 0 4 Introduction to climatic geology, atmosphere, lithosphere and ocean dynamics, paleoclimate, geobiology. Antarctica and study of ice sheets global warming, atmospheric aerosols and air pollution, framework of climate change, Milankovitch cycles and solar activity, climate modelling. Texts/References Ahrens C.D., Meteorology Today, An Introduction to Weather, Climate, and the Environment, 7th edn. Thomson Brooks/Cole, 2003. Oliver J.E. & Hidore, J.J. Climatology, An Atmospheric Science, 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, 2002. Kump, L.R., Kasting, J.F. and Crane, R.G., The Earth System, 2nd edn. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004. Oerlemans, J., Glaciers and climate change. A.A Balkema , 2001. GS 542 Isotope Geology 2 0 0 4 Elements of nuclear systematics, introduction to isotopes and their properties, fundamentals of radiogenic isotope geochronometers, isotope geology of Sr, Nd and Pb and their applications, thermochronology, introduction to stable isotopes, studies of O, H, S, and C isotopes and their applications, cosmogenic nuclides and their applications, extinct radionuclides, analytical techniques and mass spectrometers. Texts/References Faure, G., Principles of Isotope Geology, 2nd Edn. John Wiley & Sons, 1986. Faure, G. and Mensing, T. M., Isotopes: Principles and Applications, 3rd Edn. John Wiley & Sons, 2005. Dickin, A. P., Radiogenic Isotope Geology. Cambridge University Press, 1995. Hoefs, J., Stable Isotope Geochemistry, 3rd Edn. Springer-Verlag, 1987. Geyh, M. A. and Schleicher, H., Absolute age determination. Springer,1990. GS 544 Mineral Beneficiation 2 0 0 4 Introduction to Mineral Processing, liberation of ores, Communition of minerals (crushing and grinding). And Classification, Gravity and Magnetic separation , Tabling, Heavy mineral separation, Forth Flotation, Screening and classification, Particle size distribution and precipition, Biomineral Processing, Processing of Industrial minerals, Selected Recycling of ore minerals / industrial minerals / scrap etc. Texts/References A.M. Gaudin, Principles of Mineral Dressing, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1974. M.C. Fuerstenau, Kenneth N. Han (Eds.) Principles of Mineral Processing, Society for Mining Metallurgy & Exploration, 2003. Barry Wills, Tim Napier-Munn, Mineral Processing Technology: An Introduction to the Practical Aspects of Ore Treatment and Mineral Recovery, 7th Ed., Butterworth-Heinmann, 2006. B.A. Wills, Mineral Processing Technology, 5th Ed., Pergamon Press, 1992. GS 516 Hydrogeochemistry 2 0 0 4 Chemical properties and principles. Chemical equilibria, association and dissociation of

dissolved species, mineral dissolution and solubility, oxidation and reduction processes, ion exchange and adsorption, environmental isotopes. Evolution of natural groundwater hydrochemical sequences and facies, graphical methods of representation of chemical data, groundwater in crystalline and sedimentary rocks, geochemical interpretation of isotope data. Case studies. Groundwater contamination hydogeochemical behaviour of contaminants, measurements of parameters, sources of contamination, effects and remedies, case studies. Rock-water interaction studies chemical interaction of rock and water at low temperatures, thermal springs chemistry, origin, interpretation of chemical data, hydrochemical exploration of mineral deposits. Case studies. Texts/References Freeze, R.A. and Cherry, J.A. Groundwater. Prentice Hall, 1979. Stumm, W. and Morgan, J.J. Aquatic chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, 1981. Garrels, R.M. and Christ, C.L. Solutions, minerals and equilibria. Harper and Row, 1965. Gasper, E. and Onescu, M. Radioactive tracers in hydrology. Elsevier, 1972. GS 516 Micropalaeontology 2 0 0 4 Surface and sub-surface sampling methods, sample processing techniques; morphology, classification and evolution of foraminifera. Study of selected benthic and planktonic foraminifera. Morphology and geological distribution of ostracoda, calcareous nannofossils, radiolaria, conodonts and bryozoa. Applications of microfossils in biostratigraphy, palaeoenvironmental interpretation and sequence stratigraphy. Deep sea record and stable isotopes studies of calcareous microfossils. Role of micropalaeontology in hydrocarbon exploration. Texts/References Haynes, J.R. Foraminifera. John Wiley and Sons, 1981. Armstrong, H.A. and Brasier, M.D. Microfossils, II Edition, Blackwell Publishing, 2005. Haq, B.U. and Boersma, A. (Eds) Introduction to Marine Micropaleontology. Elsevier, 1978. Murray, J.W. Ecology and Palaeoecology of Benthic Foraminifera. Longman, 1991. GS 546 Applied Palynology 2 0 0 4 Surface and sub-surface sampling methods, sample processing techniques; morphology, classification of palynomorphs; detailed study of major groups of palynomophs- spores, pollen, acritarchs, green and blue-green algae, chinozoans, dinoflagellate, scolecodonts. Palynofacies and paleoenvironmental interpretation; analytical biostratigraphy and correlation, chitinozoan biostratigraphy and palaeoecology, Paleozoic records of terrestrial palynomorphs; role of palynomorphs in mineral and hydrocarbon exploration. Texts/References Amstrong, H.A. and Brasier, M. Microfossils. Blackwell, 2004. Jansonius, J. and McGregor, D.C. (Eds.) Palynology: Principles and Applications. AASP foundation, 1996. GS 548 Geodesy, GPS and Surveying 2 0 0 4 Basis of surveying: Definition, principles, types and various applications of surveying. Scale and reference frame of a map or plan. Geodetic reference frames and coordinate transformations various reference systems and map projections. Leveling, distance measurement, angles and directions, theodolites, total stations, traverse surveys. Topographic surveying and mapping, Great Triangulation Survey. Satellite positioning, time systems, satellite orbit and signals, Atmospheric effects, GPS observables and data processing, Precision analysis and high precision GPS, Applications of GPS. Texts/References Kavanagh, B., Surveying Principles and Applications . Prentice Hall, 2008. Leick, A., GPS Satellite Surveying. John Wiley and Sons, 2004.

Hoffmann-Wellenhof, B., Lichtenegger, H. & Collins, GPS Theory and Practice. Springer, 2001. ES & HS 200 Environmental studies 3 0 0 6 GS 522 Geological Project 0 0 0 8