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answers

MQ Maths A Yr 11 - Ans Page 562 Monday, September 24, 2001 7:16 AM

562

Answers

14 a Gross annual pay = $44 650,


PAYG tax = $11 940.50
b $41 513.40
c $9456.72 d $2483.78
15 a $392.05
b $4751.14 debt
16 1590
17 Pay $180

$600
$385.05
$2305.20
$25 920

2 $360
5 $502.62
8 $6130.00

3 $442.01
6 Nil
9 $14 603.80

Investigation Tax offsets

1 The amount appears correct ($52.50)


2 $1115

Exercise 2E Calculating GST and VAT


1 $3.56
2 a 23c
d 13c
3 a 80c
d 63c
4 $123.75
5 a $126.39
d $5.45
6 a $30
d $2.94
7 $98.50
8 a $1.90
9 $348.10
10 a $1.08
d $49.21
11 a $33 550
d $38 885

b
e
b
e

$6.89
$8.99
48c
34c

b
e
b
e

$32.89
$6.47
94 cents
$9.86

c $9.85
c 9c
c $16.17
c $47

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

$2865
$2148.43
a $12 600
6 years
$27 057.35
$43 883
$70 420
a $28 483.60
a $34 409.30
$585
a $232.50
d $502.60
$9730
a Nil
d $15 160
a $33 987.20
d $7085.97
$291.66
a $40 255
$99
a $1.13
d $3.75
$22

2 237.6
5 $53.45

1 a 25%
e 11.5%
i 10%
2 a
b
c
d

i
i
i
i

b 49.3%
f 26.5%
j 20%

$10.05
$7.05
$17.05
$7.95

b $80.63
e $6.95
b $36 630

b $9072

4 a
b
c
d
e
f

i
i
i
i
i
i

$4.98
$10.57
$5.91
$4.65
$16.99
$8.35

c $193.29
c $34 705

c $6531.84

a
b
c
d
e
f

Microwave
Furniture set
Mirror
Necklace
Fridge
Stereo
system
g Washing
machine
h Car

6 a $119
7 A
b $26 465.60
b $32 366.15
b $375
e $570
b
e
b
e

3 306

c $412.50

$2270.69 c $7081
$24 040
$6576.16 c $509.81
$136.27

b $9060.33 c $1100.93
b $36.90
c 12c
e $1.25
20 $112.50

ii
ii
ii
ii

c 27.7%
g 25.2%

d 28.8%
h 28%

25.16%
23.54%
42.68%
19.90%

3 a 25.02% b 11.12% c 10.00% d 28.59%


e 22.23% f 20.01% g 30.78%
One item is discounted by just over 30% but the
others range from a 10.00% to a 28.59% discount.

Item

b 19c

Chapter review

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

1 33.75
4 $360

Exercise 3A Discount

10 Quick Questions 2

1
4
7
10

CHAPTER 3 Spending money


Skills check

9 a $11.94
10 a $175

ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii

19.88%
9.46%
7.78%
14.19%
11.77%
10.30%

Original
price
($)

% discount

Discount
($)

Sale
price
($)

300
2030
40
1560
760
480

10%
5%
30%
12.5%
20%
33 1--3- %

30
101.50
12
195
152
160

270
1928.50
28
1365
608
320

564 25%

141

423

7500 50%

3750

3750

b $101.15

c $17.85

8 D
b $1.79
b $8.75

11 No, as the 12.5% is calculated from different


amounts. For example, a $60.00 item reduced by
12.5% ($7.50) is $52.50. A $52.50 item increased by
12.5% ($6.56) is $59.06.

Exercise 3B Profit and loss


1 a 74.94% b 40.63% c 80.08% d 50%
e 55.26% f 197.5% g 45%
h 63.64%
b 78%
c 85.71% d 92.48%
2 a 80%
e 85.71% f 70%
g 75%
h 95.83%
3 $70, 140%
4 $79.75; 53.26%
5 Childrens $14.40; Adults $20.40; Extra large $22.80
6 4 years
7 $150
8 $25 each

1F
3B

Answers

10 Quick Questions 1
1 25%
5 50%
9 $780

2 $105
3 12.5%
6 $21.60
7 $40
10 $180 000

4 $23.80
8 236%

Investigation Dealing in diaries


1 $2.40
4 58.3%
7 $130

2 $30
5 $50
8 $80

3 25%
6 41.7%
9 61.54%

Exercise 3C Budgeting
1 a $1565 b $785 c $1450 d 2.07 months
2 Answers will vary.
3 a Monthly income ($)
Monthly expenses ($)
Austudy
502.67 Board and food 216.67
63
Birthday money 20.83 Transport
Books and
40
stationery
24
Insurance
55
Entertainment
25
Enrolment fee
65
Clothes
Total:
523.50 Total:
488.67
b $34.83
4

Cost
($ per week)
Item
Rent
138.46
Food
90
Electricity
32.31
Gas
4.62
Phone
27.69
Car registration
8.27
Car insurance
9.62
Health insurance
13.46
Contents insurance
2.40
Clothes
23.08
Entertainment
18.46
Total:
368.37
5 a $320.83
b Income = $809.50 per month; New expenses =
$677 per month, so she can afford to move out.
6 Answers will vary.
7 a
Income ($)
Expenses ($)
Government
subsidy
Membership
fee
Profit from
auction
Profit from
stalls
Profit from
concerts
Total:

16 250
400
920
3 600

25 370 Total:
c 2.36%

6 000
960
7 200
2 640
1 860
360
250
3 500
2 000
24 770

Exercise 3D Cost of services

1 a $348.50
b 1/3/01
c Previous $375.55, down $27.05
d 7/11/00, 7/02/01
e $3.79
f $26.60
g Tariff 11 up, Tariff 33 down
2 a 2253
b 52 964
c $24.13
d $241.31
e 10.7 cents
3 a 1904
b 1352
c $319.35
4 a $100.70
b $9.40 lower
c Approx. same d $1.12
e $408.40
f $34.03
5 a 134
b by MJ factor
c $9.16
d 2.397c/MJ
e $101.48
6 a 6370
b $106.26
c $10.63
d $116.89
7 $138.66
8 a $166.09
b $181.09
c Pensioner
d $367.27
e $664.36
f $55.36
9 a 62 kL
b $0.80
c 248 kL
10 $138.60
11 a $10 000
b 15%
12 a Call charges + Service and equipment charges
Flexi-Plan
b 28.2%
c Flexi-Plan
d $144.15
13 a 404 @ 25c
b 17.7%
c 35.6
d 22.8c
e 7 pm

Exercise 3E Credit cards

1 a $17.50 b $25
c $25
d $25
e $33
f $57
g $87
h $54
i $58
j $80
2 $4.95
3 $0.75
4 a 53 days, 48, 40, 34 and 26 days b Very beginning
5 $17.70
6 a 28 days
b $22.10
c No, since it was paid on 29/4, which was less than
25 days from the end of the statement
d The balance is over $25, but under $1000, so the
minimum amount due is $25.
e Credit limit Closing balance:
$1000 $650 = $350
b $29.08
7 a $19.89

Exercise 3F The exchange rate


1
2
3
4
5

a 58.29
b 38.27
a $373.83 b $821.14
a 50 504 yen
a 800
b 320
$15.41

c
c
b
c

119 900
$630.32
$784.59
$257.82

d 406
d $74.57
c $15.41

10 Quick Questions 2
1
3
5
7
8

Fixed, variable
2 $8.46
$46 800
4 3110 kWh
0.0493%
6 4th May
The total amount owing is $540.65.
Selling
9 7.81 Pounds
10 $150.28

2E

b $600

4 200

Rent
Newsletter
Sunday School
Bills
Public liability
and insurance
Advertising
Stationery
Computer
Unexpected

563

answers

MQ Maths A Yr 11 - Ans Page 563 Thursday, July 5, 2001 8:08 AM

3F

answers

MQ Maths A Yr 11 - Ans Page 564 Thursday, July 5, 2001 8:08 AM

564

Answers

Chapter review
1 $35
4

Item

a
b
c
d
e
f

2 16.7%

3 $250

Cost price
($)

Percentage
discount

Discount
($)

Selling
price
($)

200
150
98
130
416
228

12%
5%
10%
12.5%
20%
33 1--3- %

24
7.50
9.80
16.25
83.20
76

176
142.50
88.20
113.75
332.80
152

5 $256.20 6 $200
b 124.14% profit
7 a 80% profit
c 37.5% loss
d 44.44% loss
8 a Rent $100; Electricity $10; Gas $7; Phone $23;
Car registration $8; Car insurance $9; Contents
insurance $3; Health insurance $9; Food $100;
Sport $30; Entertainment $20; Clothes $28;
Holidays $23; Total $370
b $5200
9 $45.42 10 $400.97 11 $40
b $39.89
12 a $35
13 65.03 pounds

3 a
d
4 a
d
5 E
6 C

28 m
42 mm
108 m
334.3 mm

b 34 m
e 24 m
b 12.1 m
e 79 cm

c
f
c
f

84 cm
510 m
71.7 m
139 m

Exercise 4B Calculating areas


1 a
d
2 a
d
g
j
m
p
s
3 a
4 a
d
5 B
8 a
9 a

0.7 cm2
2 500 000 m2
64 cm2
27 m2
20.37 m2
216.32 km2
60 m2
161.2 cm2
14.14 cm2
140 m2
144 m2
80 m2
34.56 m2

b
e
b
e
h
k
n
q
t
b
b

0.6 m2
45 000 m2
841 mm2
1026 mm2
26.46 km2
3306 mm2
5.84 m2
26.9 mm2
4.19 m2
36 m2
68.5 cm2

6A
b $960.77

c
f
c
f
i
l
o
r
u
c
c

30 000 cm2
300 ha
12.96 km2
2914 cm2
6.845 m2
6.4 m2
26.82 cm2
438.7 m2
65.45 mm2
104 m2
10 m2

7B
b 180 m2

1.5 m
12 m

CHAPTER 4 Length, area and


volume
Skills check
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

The shortest measured distance between two points.


mm, cm, m, km.
The distance around the boundary of an object.
a 24 cm b 28 m
c 15 m
d 18.85 m
The amount of space within the boundary of a twodimensional closed figure.
mm2, cm2, m2, km2, ha
a 36 cm2 b 40 m2 c 10.83 m2 d 28.27 m2
a Square
b Rectangle c Triangle
d Trapezium/trapezoid
e Parallelogram
f Kite
a 2.13
b 1.75
c 79.51
d 3.06
Volume is the amount of space within, or occupied
by, a 3-D object. Capacity is the quantity of liquid
or gas which a 3-D container could hold.
a mm3, cm3, m3
b mL, L, kL, ML
a 0.6 cm
b 250 mm
c 0.004 m2
d 450 m
e 0.3 L
f 0.005 m3
g 0.025 kL
h 5000 mm3
l 0.1 L
j 25 m3

Exercise 4A Changing units and


calculating perimeters
1 a 7 cm
b 6m
c 5 km
e 1200 cm f 9000 m g 8.6 cm
i 2.4 km j 64 mm k 1125 cm
2 5200 mm long
2400 mm wide
2500 mm high

d 90 mm
h 9200 m
l 22 mm

15 m

10
11
12
13

c 18 m long and 15 m wide


d 90 m2
a C
b E
107 cm2
30.6 cm2
a 2474 cm2
b 34.4%

10 Quick Questions 1
1
3
5
7
9

452.4 cm2
184.3 cm2
306 cm2
1428.3 m2
17 121.8 mm2

2
4
6
8
10

31.2 m2
13 939.2 mm2
625 cm2
1147.6 cm2
670.9 cm2

Investigation Effect of scale factors


on perimeter and area
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Pentagon
All angles 108. Figure is regular pentagon.
Larger knot has twice the side length of smaller knot
S=2
Larger knot has twice perimeter of smaller knot
Area of larger knot is four times area of smaller knot
Perimeter is 3 times as long; area 9 times as large
Perimeter is S times as long; area is S 2 times as
large
9 a Parallelogram
b 4 trapeziums
c Perimeter of larger knot twice as long and area 4
times as large as smaller knot. Supports
conclusion in 8.

Exercise 4C Total surface area


1 a iii Triangular prism
b iii Square-based pyramid
c iii Triangle-based pyramid

3C
4C