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562

## 14 a Gross annual pay = \$44 650,

PAYG tax = \$11 940.50
b \$41 513.40
c \$9456.72 d \$2483.78
15 a \$392.05
b \$4751.14 debt
16 1590
17 Pay \$180

\$600
\$385.05
\$2305.20
\$25 920

2 \$360
5 \$502.62
8 \$6130.00

3 \$442.01
6 Nil
9 \$14 603.80

2 \$1115

## Exercise 2E Calculating GST and VAT

1 \$3.56
2 a 23c
d 13c
3 a 80c
d 63c
4 \$123.75
5 a \$126.39
d \$5.45
6 a \$30
d \$2.94
7 \$98.50
8 a \$1.90
9 \$348.10
10 a \$1.08
d \$49.21
11 a \$33 550
d \$38 885

b
e
b
e

\$6.89
\$8.99
48c
34c

b
e
b
e

\$32.89
\$6.47
94 cents
\$9.86

c \$9.85
c 9c
c \$16.17
c \$47

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

\$2865
\$2148.43
a \$12 600
6 years
\$27 057.35
\$43 883
\$70 420
a \$28 483.60
a \$34 409.30
\$585
a \$232.50
d \$502.60
\$9730
a Nil
d \$15 160
a \$33 987.20
d \$7085.97
\$291.66
a \$40 255
\$99
a \$1.13
d \$3.75
\$22

2 237.6
5 \$53.45

1 a 25%
e 11.5%
i 10%
2 a
b
c
d

i
i
i
i

b 49.3%
f 26.5%
j 20%

\$10.05
\$7.05
\$17.05
\$7.95

b \$80.63
e \$6.95
b \$36 630

b \$9072

4 a
b
c
d
e
f

i
i
i
i
i
i

\$4.98
\$10.57
\$5.91
\$4.65
\$16.99
\$8.35

c \$193.29
c \$34 705

c \$6531.84

a
b
c
d
e
f

Microwave
Furniture set
Mirror
Necklace
Fridge
Stereo
system
g Washing
machine
h Car

6 a \$119
7 A
b \$26 465.60
b \$32 366.15
b \$375
e \$570
b
e
b
e

3 306

c \$412.50

\$2270.69 c \$7081
\$24 040
\$6576.16 c \$509.81
\$136.27

b \$9060.33 c \$1100.93
b \$36.90
c 12c
e \$1.25
20 \$112.50

ii
ii
ii
ii

c 27.7%
g 25.2%

d 28.8%
h 28%

25.16%
23.54%
42.68%
19.90%

## 3 a 25.02% b 11.12% c 10.00% d 28.59%

e 22.23% f 20.01% g 30.78%
One item is discounted by just over 30% but the
others range from a 10.00% to a 28.59% discount.

Item

b 19c

Chapter review

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

1 33.75
4 \$360

Exercise 3A Discount

10 Quick Questions 2

1
4
7
10

Skills check

9 a \$11.94
10 a \$175

ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii

19.88%
9.46%
7.78%
14.19%
11.77%
10.30%

Original
price
(\$)

% discount

Discount
(\$)

Sale
price
(\$)

300
2030
40
1560
760
480

10%
5%
30%
12.5%
20%
33 1--3- %

30
101.50
12
195
152
160

270
1928.50
28
1365
608
320

564 25%

141

423

7500 50%

3750

3750

b \$101.15

c \$17.85

8 D
b \$1.79
b \$8.75

## 11 No, as the 12.5% is calculated from different

amounts. For example, a \$60.00 item reduced by
12.5% (\$7.50) is \$52.50. A \$52.50 item increased by
12.5% (\$6.56) is \$59.06.

## Exercise 3B Profit and loss

1 a 74.94% b 40.63% c 80.08% d 50%
e 55.26% f 197.5% g 45%
h 63.64%
b 78%
c 85.71% d 92.48%
2 a 80%
e 85.71% f 70%
g 75%
h 95.83%
3 \$70, 140%
4 \$79.75; 53.26%
5 Childrens \$14.40; Adults \$20.40; Extra large \$22.80
6 4 years
7 \$150
8 \$25 each

1F
3B

10 Quick Questions 1
1 25%
5 50%
9 \$780

2 \$105
3 12.5%
6 \$21.60
7 \$40
10 \$180 000

4 \$23.80
8 236%

## Investigation Dealing in diaries

1 \$2.40
4 58.3%
7 \$130

2 \$30
5 \$50
8 \$80

3 25%
6 41.7%
9 61.54%

Exercise 3C Budgeting
1 a \$1565 b \$785 c \$1450 d 2.07 months
3 a Monthly income (\$)
Monthly expenses (\$)
Austudy
502.67 Board and food 216.67
63
Birthday money 20.83 Transport
Books and
40
stationery
24
Insurance
55
Entertainment
25
Enrolment fee
65
Clothes
Total:
523.50 Total:
488.67
b \$34.83
4

Cost
(\$ per week)
Item
Rent
138.46
Food
90
Electricity
32.31
Gas
4.62
Phone
27.69
Car registration
8.27
Car insurance
9.62
Health insurance
13.46
Contents insurance
2.40
Clothes
23.08
Entertainment
18.46
Total:
368.37
5 a \$320.83
b Income = \$809.50 per month; New expenses =
\$677 per month, so she can afford to move out.
7 a
Income (\$)
Expenses (\$)
Government
subsidy
Membership
fee
Profit from
auction
Profit from
stalls
Profit from
concerts
Total:

16 250
400
920
3 600

25 370 Total:
c 2.36%

6 000
960
7 200
2 640
1 860
360
250
3 500
2 000
24 770

## Exercise 3D Cost of services

1 a \$348.50
b 1/3/01
c Previous \$375.55, down \$27.05
d 7/11/00, 7/02/01
e \$3.79
f \$26.60
g Tariff 11 up, Tariff 33 down
2 a 2253
b 52 964
c \$24.13
d \$241.31
e 10.7 cents
3 a 1904
b 1352
c \$319.35
4 a \$100.70
b \$9.40 lower
c Approx. same d \$1.12
e \$408.40
f \$34.03
5 a 134
b by MJ factor
c \$9.16
d 2.397c/MJ
e \$101.48
6 a 6370
b \$106.26
c \$10.63
d \$116.89
7 \$138.66
8 a \$166.09
b \$181.09
c Pensioner
d \$367.27
e \$664.36
f \$55.36
9 a 62 kL
b \$0.80
c 248 kL
10 \$138.60
11 a \$10 000
b 15%
12 a Call charges + Service and equipment charges
Flexi-Plan
b 28.2%
c Flexi-Plan
d \$144.15
13 a 404 @ 25c
b 17.7%
c 35.6
d 22.8c
e 7 pm

## Exercise 3E Credit cards

1 a \$17.50 b \$25
c \$25
d \$25
e \$33
f \$57
g \$87
h \$54
i \$58
j \$80
2 \$4.95
3 \$0.75
4 a 53 days, 48, 40, 34 and 26 days b Very beginning
5 \$17.70
6 a 28 days
b \$22.10
c No, since it was paid on 29/4, which was less than
25 days from the end of the statement
d The balance is over \$25, but under \$1000, so the
minimum amount due is \$25.
e Credit limit Closing balance:
\$1000 \$650 = \$350
b \$29.08
7 a \$19.89

## Exercise 3F The exchange rate

1
2
3
4
5

a 58.29
b 38.27
a \$373.83 b \$821.14
a 50 504 yen
a 800
b 320
\$15.41

c
c
b
c

119 900
\$630.32
\$784.59
\$257.82

d 406
d \$74.57
c \$15.41

10 Quick Questions 2
1
3
5
7
8

Fixed, variable
2 \$8.46
\$46 800
4 3110 kWh
0.0493%
6 4th May
The total amount owing is \$540.65.
Selling
9 7.81 Pounds
10 \$150.28

2E

b \$600

4 200

Rent
Sunday School
Bills
Public liability
and insurance
Stationery
Computer
Unexpected

563

3F

## MQ Maths A Yr 11 - Ans Page 564 Thursday, July 5, 2001 8:08 AM

564

Chapter review
1 \$35
4

Item

a
b
c
d
e
f

2 16.7%

3 \$250

Cost price
(\$)

Percentage
discount

Discount
(\$)

Selling
price
(\$)

200
150
98
130
416
228

12%
5%
10%
12.5%
20%
33 1--3- %

24
7.50
9.80
16.25
83.20
76

176
142.50
88.20
113.75
332.80
152

5 \$256.20 6 \$200
b 124.14% profit
7 a 80% profit
c 37.5% loss
d 44.44% loss
8 a Rent \$100; Electricity \$10; Gas \$7; Phone \$23;
Car registration \$8; Car insurance \$9; Contents
insurance \$3; Health insurance \$9; Food \$100;
Sport \$30; Entertainment \$20; Clothes \$28;
Holidays \$23; Total \$370
b \$5200
9 \$45.42 10 \$400.97 11 \$40
b \$39.89
12 a \$35
13 65.03 pounds

3 a
d
4 a
d
5 E
6 C

28 m
42 mm
108 m
334.3 mm

b 34 m
e 24 m
b 12.1 m
e 79 cm

c
f
c
f

84 cm
510 m
71.7 m
139 m

1 a
d
2 a
d
g
j
m
p
s
3 a
4 a
d
5 B
8 a
9 a

0.7 cm2
2 500 000 m2
64 cm2
27 m2
20.37 m2
216.32 km2
60 m2
161.2 cm2
14.14 cm2
140 m2
144 m2
80 m2
34.56 m2

b
e
b
e
h
k
n
q
t
b
b

0.6 m2
45 000 m2
841 mm2
1026 mm2
26.46 km2
3306 mm2
5.84 m2
26.9 mm2
4.19 m2
36 m2
68.5 cm2

6A
b \$960.77

c
f
c
f
i
l
o
r
u
c
c

30 000 cm2
300 ha
12.96 km2
2914 cm2
6.845 m2
6.4 m2
26.82 cm2
438.7 m2
65.45 mm2
104 m2
10 m2

7B
b 180 m2

1.5 m
12 m

volume
Skills check
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

## The shortest measured distance between two points.

mm, cm, m, km.
The distance around the boundary of an object.
a 24 cm b 28 m
c 15 m
d 18.85 m
The amount of space within the boundary of a twodimensional closed figure.
mm2, cm2, m2, km2, ha
a 36 cm2 b 40 m2 c 10.83 m2 d 28.27 m2
a Square
b Rectangle c Triangle
d Trapezium/trapezoid
e Parallelogram
f Kite
a 2.13
b 1.75
c 79.51
d 3.06
Volume is the amount of space within, or occupied
by, a 3-D object. Capacity is the quantity of liquid
or gas which a 3-D container could hold.
a mm3, cm3, m3
b mL, L, kL, ML
a 0.6 cm
b 250 mm
c 0.004 m2
d 450 m
e 0.3 L
f 0.005 m3
g 0.025 kL
h 5000 mm3
l 0.1 L
j 25 m3

## Exercise 4A Changing units and

calculating perimeters
1 a 7 cm
b 6m
c 5 km
e 1200 cm f 9000 m g 8.6 cm
i 2.4 km j 64 mm k 1125 cm
2 5200 mm long
2400 mm wide
2500 mm high

d 90 mm
h 9200 m
l 22 mm

15 m

10
11
12
13

## c 18 m long and 15 m wide

d 90 m2
a C
b E
107 cm2
30.6 cm2
a 2474 cm2
b 34.4%

10 Quick Questions 1
1
3
5
7
9

452.4 cm2
184.3 cm2
306 cm2
1428.3 m2
17 121.8 mm2

2
4
6
8
10

31.2 m2
13 939.2 mm2
625 cm2
1147.6 cm2
670.9 cm2

## Investigation Effect of scale factors

on perimeter and area
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Pentagon
All angles 108. Figure is regular pentagon.
Larger knot has twice the side length of smaller knot
S=2
Larger knot has twice perimeter of smaller knot
Area of larger knot is four times area of smaller knot
Perimeter is 3 times as long; area 9 times as large
Perimeter is S times as long; area is S 2 times as
large
9 a Parallelogram
b 4 trapeziums
c Perimeter of larger knot twice as long and area 4
times as large as smaller knot. Supports
conclusion in 8.

## Exercise 4C Total surface area

1 a iii Triangular prism
b iii Square-based pyramid
c iii Triangle-based pyramid

3C
4C