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We are all aware of the naval power that USA posesses, it is hard not to be aware while the US ships

are cruising the seas and oceans all around the world. There is a strong reason why almost everyone consideres US Navy to hold the first place on the top most powerful navies of the globe. I will try in this brief presentation to make you look East to another country, one that maybe can rise to the status of the chalenger for US Navy. Russia has the longest coastline in the world 38,000 km (its coastline is twice the length of that of the United States), it is washed by two oceans and twelve seas, 70% of Russian boundary lies in sea waters. Russia has land borders with only 18 countries, and by sea it has dealings with and co-operates in the political, economic, commercial, cultural, scientific research and military sphere with some 125 states. During the cold war the Soviet Navy was one of the largest and strongest navies in the world, but after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, due to political and especially economic crises, the Russian Navy as with all Russian Armed Forces is embroiled in the same crises as rest of the countries. The Russian navy also suffered from downsizing. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the Russian Navy has been reduced by half. Russia retained only 66 percent (113) of the 170 factories and enterprises directly supporting naval shipbuilding. The current state of the Russian Navy and the outlook for its future development are the cause of some concern to her sailors, due to, firstly, Russia's Naval power is diminishing, the shipbuilding industry will be incapable of turning out nuclear submarines and ocean going vessels. Secondly, since 1992, the inventory of vessels has shrunk by a half and naval aviation by 60 percent; ageing of vessels and armament varies from 70 percent to 30 percent according to the type. In order to deal with this, the Russian Navy reduced operations and removed from operational status those ships and submarines with less than half of their planned service remaining. This has resulted in the complete elimination of several classes of ships and submarines, remaining the need for many costly overhauls, nuclear refuelling, and a reduction in the navy's manpower requirements, allowing for the elimination and consolidation of some navy formations. No part of the Navy was spared. Russia is still the largest country in the world. It possesses vast resources and has the potential to overcome its economic crisis. The most encouraging thing is the naval units are regularly visiting and carrying out exercises with other countries especially western navies, exchanging officers, which is a good step to improve the image of Russia as well as the Russian Navy and to foster detente. The regular Russian Navy was originally established by Peter the Great (Peter I) in October of 1696. Nowadays the Russian Navy possesses the vast majority of the former Soviet naval forces, and currently comprises :

1. Northern Fleet
The Russian Northern Fleet, established as a modern formation in 1933, is headquartered at Severomorsk and spread around various bases in the Murmansk area. This is the main fleet of the Russian Navy and as currently consists of:

Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier or "heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser(1) Kirov class nuclear-powered cruiser (2) Slava class cruiser (1) Udaloy class destroyer (5) Sovremennyy class destroyer (2) Delta IV class submarine (6) Typhoon class submarine (1)

Oscar class submarine (3) Sierra class submarine (2) Akula class submarine (6) Victor class submarine (4) Kilo class submarine (6) Borei class submarine (2) 2 in sea trials

The Fleet also includes many corvettes, patrol ships, light amphibious ships and support and logistic ships.

2. Baltic Fleet
The Baltic Fleet, established on 18 May 1703, is based in Baltiysk and Kronshtadt, with its headquarters in the city of Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad Oblast. The Fleet consists of:

Sovremennyy class destroyer (2) Burevestnik class frigate (1) Neustrashimy class frigate (2) Kilo class submarine (2) Lada class submarine (1)

The Baltic Fleet also includes many corvettes, patrol ships, minehunters, light amphibious war ships and support ships.

3. The Black Sea Fleet


The Black Sea Fleet, established on 2 May 1783 and is based at the Sevastopol, Karantinnaya, and Streletskaya Bays in Sevastopol which is also the location of its headquarters, and at Novorossiysk in Krasnodar Kray. The fleet also has various other leased facilities on the Crimean Peninsula and facilities in Krasnodar Kray. The Fleet consists of:

Slava class cruiser (1) Kara class cruiser (1) Kashin class destroyer (1) Burevestnik class frigate (2) Kilo class submarine (1)

The Fleet also includes a small number of corvettes, patrol and coastal protection ships.

4. Caspian Flotilla
The Caspian Flotilla, established on 4 November 1722, is based in Astrakhan and Makhachkala with its headquarters in Astrakhan. The Fleet consists of:

Tartarstan/Gepard class frigate (1)

The Fleet also includes a small number of corvettes and patrol ships.

5. Pacific Fleet
The Pacific Fleet, established on 10 May 1731 and is headquartered in Vladivostok and based around Vladivostok and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy. The Fleet consists of:

Slava class cruiser (1) Sovremennyy class destroyer (1) Udaloy class destroyer (4) Delta III class submarine (3) Oscar class submarine (2) Akula class submarine (5) Kilo class submarine (7)

The Pacific Fleet also includes coastal combatants such as corvettes and patrol ships, mine warfare vessels, support and logistic ships and light amphibious ships. Recently approved, a rearmament program until 2015 puts, for the first time in Soviet and Russian history, the development of the navy on an equal footing with strategic nuclear forces. The program covering the period until 2015 is expected to replace 45% of the military inventory in the army and navy. Out of 4.9 trillion rubles ($192.16 billion) allocated for military rearmament, 25% will go into building new ships. These are some of the new ships of the Russian Navy:

1.DESTROYER
Multi-purpose nuclear destroyer represents the fourth generation of Russian surface fighting ships. Will be laid down in 2012 and delivered in 2016.The ship is intended to engage major surface combatants and submarines, perform anti-submarine and air defense, as well as fire support for landing operations. The propulsion system allows a top speed of 29.5 knots, an economical speed of 18 knots with a maximum range of 5,800 nautical miles (10741km). The ship's stability allows the armament and machinery to be operated at up to sea state 5 levels. An aft flight deck and hangar provides facilities for two Ka-27 helicopters.

2.BALLISTIC MISSILE SUBMARINES


1.

Borei class submarine - 3 ordered


o o o K 535 YURIY DOLGORUKIY - On sea trials. Planned to enter service in 1st half 2011 (if her main armament, missile Bulava, be commissioned) K 550 ALEKSANDR NEVSKIY - Laid down in 2004, launched 6.12.2010, on sea trials, planned to be commissioned in late 2012 K ??? VLADIMIR MONOMAKH - Laid down in 2006

2.

Upgraded Borei II class submarine - 1 ordered + 4 planned o SVYATITEL NIKOLAY - Was planned to be laid down in 2010

3.NUCLEAR ATTACK SUBMARINES

Yasen class submarine - 1 ordered

- Laid down in 1993. Launched 2010. On sea trials and planned to be delivered in 2011 Yasen M class submarine - 1 ordered + 8 planned to be delivered by 2020 o K KAZAN - Laid down in 2009. Planned to be delivered in 2015 o K - Will be laid down in 2011
o K 329 SEVERODVINSK

4.CONVENTIONAL ATTACK SUBMARINES


In State Arms Program 2011-2020 is planned to build up to 20 submarines.

Improved Kilo class submarine - 3 ordered [102] + 3 more planned [103] (probably ordered - need to be confirmed) o B 261 NOVOROSSIYSK - Laid down in August 2010 [105] Planned to be commissioned in 2013 [106] o B 237 ROSTOV NA DONU - Laid down in November 2011.[107] Planned to be commissioned in 2014 o B ??? ??? - Will be laid down in 2011. Planned to be commissioned in 2014 Lada class submarine - 2 ordered + 5 planned In 2011 was project suspended. Class will not enter into service, as it failed to achieve required standards o B 586 KRONSHTADT - Laid down in 2005 - construction suspended o B 587 SEVASTOPOL - Laid down in 2006 - construction suspended

5.FRIGATES
GRIGOROVICH CLASS FRIGATE 6 ordered
o ADMIRAL GRIGOROVICH - Laid down in 18 December 2010 Planned to be delivered in 2013 o ADMIRAL ESSEN - Laid down in 8 July 2011 Planned to be delivered in 2013 o ADMIRAL MAKAROV - Will be laid down in autumn 2011. Planned to be delivered in 2014

SERGEY GORSHKOV CLASS

Gorshkov class frigate - 6 ordered + 14-24 more planned


o o ??? ADMIRAL FLOTA SOVETSKOGO SOYUZA GORSHKOV - Laid down in 2006. Was launched on 29 October ??? ADMIRAL FLOTA KASATONOV - Laid down in 2009. Planned to be delivered in 2014

2010 and planned to be delivered in 2012

GEPARD CLASS FRIGATE

Gepard class corvette - 2 ordered

o o

??? DAGESTAN - laid down in 1994, launched 1.4.2011, planned to enter ??? BUREVESTNIK - status unclear

service by end of 2011

STEREGUSHCHIY CLASS CORVETTE

Steregushchiy class corvette - 14 ordered + 10 planned o ??? BOIKIY - Laid down in 2005, launched on 15 April.2011. Planned to be delivered in 2012 o ??? SOVERSHENNYY - Laid down in 2006. Planned to be delivered in 2012 or later (status unclear) o ??? STOIKIY - Laid down in 2006. Planned to be delivered in 2012 o Improved Steregushchiy class corvette - 4 ordered o ??? PROVORNYY -Laid down on 26 May 2011

BUYAN CLASS

6.MINESWEEPERS

Project 12700 Alexandrit class minesweeper - 1 ordered + 3 planned o Alexandrit - laid down in 22 September 2011. Will be launched in 2012

Technological world record is set to Medium-Nevsky Shipyard (SNSZ), part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC). For the first time in the world are successfully implemented completely fill the composite hull of a vessel about 1,000 tons.

7.LANDING SHIPS

Ivan Gren class landing ship - 2 ordered + 4 more planned o IVAN GREN - Laid down in 2004. Planned to be launched in 2011 and delivered in 2012 o - Production probably ongoing from 2010 but not laid down. Planned to be laid down in 2011.

8.AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT SHIPS

Mistral amphibious assault ship - 2 ordered + 2 planned o ??? ??? - planned to be laid down in 12.2011, commissioned in 2014 and will be assigned to Pacific Fleet. It will be completed in France with its rear part (about 20%) built in Russia. o ??? ??? - planned to be laid down in 2012, commissioned in 2015 and will be assigned to Pacific Fleet. It will be completed in France with about 40% built in Russia. o ??? ??? - planned to be commissioned in 2016. It will be completed in Russia with about 40% built in France.

??? ???

- planned to be commissioned in 2017. It will be completed in Russia with about 20% built in France.

9.LANDING CRAFT

Dyugon Class Landing Craft (project 21820) - 5 ordered for Caspian Flotila. o ??? D-105 ATAMAN PLATOV - Laid down in 2006, launched in 2009. Delivery expected in 2011 o ??? D-??? - under construction. Delivery expected in 2012

10.AUXILIARY VESSELS

Project 745MB sea-going tug - unknown number of ships ordered o ??? MB-12 - Launched on 30 July 2011. Will be assign to Northern fleet Project 16609 tug - unknown number of ships ordered Project 21980 anti-terror ship - unknown number of ships ordered o 982 Grachonok - Launched on July or August 2011. Active before 24 December Project 21300 ocean-going salvage ship o ??? Igor Belousov - will be delivered in 2011 Project 90600 harbour tug - 10 ordered. The first, launched in mid-Apr, will be assigned to Black Sea Fleet.

DESTROYER
Preceded by: Sovremenny class/Udaloy-class destroyers Class and type: Destroyer Displacement: 9,000 tonnes (full) Length: 163m (534.7ft) Beam: 19m (62.3ft) Draught: 5.6m (18.3ft) Installed power: Boost Power 33,120 kW, Cruise Power 21,300 kW, Total Combined Power 54,420 kW Propulsion: - 2 x D090 cruise gas turbines (10,650 KW, 14,500 hp each) - 2 x DT-59 boost gas turbines (16,560 KW, 22,500 hp each) - 4 x diesel generators (1,250 KW, 1,675 hp each) Speed: 29.5 knots top speed, 18 knots economical speed Endurance: 30 days Complement: 300 Sensors and processing systems: - Air search radar: Fregat MAE-3, Fregat MAE-4K Surface search radar: Mineral-ME Fire control radar: 5P-10-02E fire control radar Sonar: Zarya-ME-03 hull-mounted sonar system, Vinyetka-EM towed sonar array Armament: - 1 x AK-130 130mm twin-barrel multi-purpose gun - 48 x 48N6E2 or 192 x 9M96E SAM - 3Ts-14E launchers with 91RTE2 anti-submarine rockets - Kashtan CIWS - TPU/4 launchers for 91RE1 anti-submarine rocket or torpedoes (UGST or UETT type) - 533mm torpedo tubes for UGST - 16 x 3M54TE (SS-N-27) cruise missiles or 91RTE2 Anti shipping rockets Aircraft carried: 2 x Ka-28/Ka-31 Aviation facilities: Helipad and hangar

BALLISTIC MISSILE SUBMARINES


BOREI CLASS SUBMARINE
Name: Borei (), Russian designation; also Dolgorukiy Preceded by: Delta IV class, Typhoon class Planned: 8 Completed Type: Ballistic missile submarine Displacement: - 14,720 t surfaced - 24,000 t submerged Length: 170 m Beam: 13.5 m Draught: 10 m Propulsion: - 1 -650 nuclear reactor - 1 AEU steam turbine - 1 shaft and propeller (pump-jet) Speed : Submerged: 29 knots (54 km/h) Surfaced: 15 knots (28 km/h) Range: Unlimited except by food stores Test depth: planned 450m Complement: 55 officers, 52 enlisted Armament: - 16 RSM-56 Bulava SLBMs with 6-10 MIRVed warheads - 6 533 mm torpedo tubes - RPK-2 Viyuga cruise missiles

NUCLEAR ATTACK SUBMARINES

GRANEY CLASS SSN


Name: Yasen (or Graney) Preceded by: Akula class Building: 1 Planned: 10 Completed: 1 (in trials), 4 on order Active: 0 Displacement: 9,500 surfaced 11,800 submerged Length: 120m Beam: 15m Draught: 8,4m Propulsion: 1x KPM type pressurized water reactor Speed: 20kn surfaced, 28kn submerged silent, 35kn+ submerged max Range: unlimited except by food supplies Test depth: 600 meters Complement: 95 [~3035 officers] Sensors and processing systems: Rim Hat ESM/ECM Snoop Pair Surface Search Radar Armament: 24 (8x3) VLS P-800 Oniks or RK-55 Granat missiles, 10x torpedo tubes (8x650mm and 2x533mm).

FRIGATES
Name: Admiral Grigorovich Builders: Yantar Shipyard Preceded by: Burevestnik-class frigate Building: 2 Planned: 6 Type: Guided Missile Frigate Displacement: Standard: 3,850 tons Full: 4,035 tons Length: 124.8 metres Beam: 15.2 metres Draught: 4.2 metres Propulsion: 2 DS-71 gas turbines and 2 DT-59 boost turbines, driving two shafts. Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h) Range: 4,500 mi (7,200 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h) Endurance: 30 days Complement: 220 Crew: 190 Sensors and processing systems: Surface search radar: 3Ts-25E Garpun-B, MR-212/201-1, Nucleus-2 6000A Air search radar: Fregat M2EM Fire control: JSC 5P-10E Puma FCS, 3R14N-11356 FCS, MR-90 Orekh SAM FCS Electronic warfare and decoys: TK-25E-5 EW suite, four KT-216 decoy launchers Armament: Guns and missiles: 1 x 100mm (3.9 in) A-190E gun, 2 x Kashtan CIWS systems, 8-cell VLS for 3M-54E Klub and BrahMos missiles, one 1 x 3S-90 launcher for 9M317 (SA-N-12) SAMs, 8 x Igla-1E (SA-16) SAMs Anti-submarine: 1 x RBU-6000 rocket launcher, 2 x twin 533mm torpedo tubes Aircraft carried: 1 Ka-28, Ka-31 helicopter

SERGEY GORSHKOV CLASS


Preceded by: Neustrashimy-class frigate Building: 2 Planned: 20 Class and type: Frigate Type: Project 22350 Displacement: 4,500 tonnes (full) Length: up to 135 m (443 ft) Beam: 16 m (52 ft) Draught: 4.5 m (15 ft) Propulsion: CODAG with 2 shafts; two 90 gas turbines 27,500 shp (20,500 kW); two 1049 diesels 5,200 shp (3,900 kW); Total: 65,000 shp (48,000 kW) Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph) Range: 4000 nmi at 14 knots (26 km/h) Endurance: 30 days Complement: 180-210 Sensors and processing systems: Air search radar: Furke 2, 4x Poliment search & targeting radar Surface search radar: ? Fire control radar: 5P-10 Puma for A-192M Sonar: Zarya M hull mounted sonar suite, Vinyetka towed array sonar Navigation: ? Armament: - 1 x 130mm Arsenal A-192M naval gun - 2 x 8 3S14 UKSK VLS cells fitted with 3M55 Oniks (SS-N-26), 3M54 Kalibr (SS-N-27) anti-ship missiles and 91RE anti-submarine missiles - 4 x 8 Redut VLS cells which can house 48N6, 9M96 and 9M100 anti-air missiles - 2 x 4 RPK-9 Medvedka-VE (SS-N-29) anti-submarine missiles - 2 x Palash CIWS - 4 x 533mm torpedo tubes - 2 x 14.5mm MPTU mounted KPV machine guns Aircraft carried: 1 x Ka-27 series helicopter Aviation facilities: Helipad and hangar for one helicopter

CORVETTES
STEREGUSHCHIY CLASS CORVETTE
Preceded by: Grisha Subclasses Built: Building: 4 Planned: 20 Completed: 2 Active: 2 Displacement: 2,200 tons Length: 343 ft (104.5 m) Beam: 36 ft (11.0 m) Draught: 12 ft (3.7 m) Installed power: AC 380/220V, 50 Hz, 4x630 kw diesel genset Propulsion: 2 shaft CODAD, 4 Kolomna 16D49 diesels 23,664 hp (17.6 MW) Speed: 26 knots Range: 3,800 nm at 14 knots Endurance: 15 days Complement: 90 Sensors and processing systems: Air search radar: Furke-E 3D, E/F band Surface search radar: Granit Central Scientific Institute Garpun-B/3Ts-25E/PLANK SHAVE radar Monument targeting radar Fire control radar: Ratep 5P-10E Puma for A-190 HOT FLASH radar Sonar: Zarya-ME suite, bow mounted. Vinyetka low frequency active/passive towed array Navigation: GORIZONT-25 integrated navigation system Electronic warfare and decoys: TK-25E-5 ECM, 4 x PK-10 decoy Armament: - 1 x Arsenal A-190 100mm - 2 x MTPU pedestal machine gun 14.5 mm - 1 x Kashtan CIWS-M CADS or - 12x Redut VLS cells - 2 x AK-630 CIWS - 2x4 VL P-800 Oniks or - 1x6 VL 3M-54 Klub(91RE2) or - 1x8 VL Kh-35 missiles - 1x6 SS-N-29 /Medvedka-VE anti-sub missile - 8 x 324mm torpedo tubes (for Paket-NK) or - 2x2 533mm torpedo tubes Aircraft carried: Hangar for Ka-27 Helicopter

BUYAN CLASS

Planned: 6 Completed: 2 Active: 2 Displacement: 550 Tons (project 21630) ;949 Tons (project 21631) Length: 62 m (203 ft) (21630) ;74.1 m (243 ft) (21631) Beam: 9.6 m (31 ft) (21630) ;11 m (36 ft) (21631) Height: 6.57 m (22 ft) Draft: 2 m (7 ft) (21630) ;2.6 m (9 ft) (21631) Propulsion: 1x CODAD engine ?hp Speed: 28 Knots (21630) ;25 Knots (21631) Range: 1500 miles Endurance: 10 days Complement: 29-36 Sensors and processing systems: Radar: Pozitiv-ME1.2 flat active phased array air/surface radar Sonar: Anapa-ME suite (for export) Armament: - 1 x 100 mm A-190 - 2x 30 mm AK-630 (AK-630-M2 in 21631) - 1x40 A-215 "Grad-M" (only 21630) - 8 x SS-N-27 (Kalibr) AShM in 14UKSK VLS (only 21631) - 1x4 3M-47 Gibka (Igla-1M) (2x4 in 21631) - 2x1 14.5 mm, 3x1 7.62 mm

MINESWEEPERS
ALEXANDRIT CLASS
Building: 1 Planned: 4 Type: Minesweeper Displacement: standard 620 tons full displacement 800 tons Length: 51.75 meters Beam: 10.2 meters Draught: 2.68 meters Installed power: 1x2500 h.p., diesel, 2 diesel generators x315 kW, 2 diesel generators x210 kW Speed: 15 knots (28 km/h) Range: 1,600 nm at 10 knots Endurance: 10 days Crew: 45 Armament: - 1x6 30 mm AK-306 - SAM system "Igla" - Mines

LANDING SHIPS
IVAN GREN
Preceded by: Alligator class landing ship Building: 1 Planned: 5 Displacement: ~5,500 t Length: 120 m Beam: 16 m Propulsion: diesel Speed: 18 knots Range: 6,500 km at 30 km/h (3,500 miles at 16 kts) Complement: ~100