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Electromagnetics (II) Welcome to this course Electromagnetics (II) What you have learned in the last semester?

Fundamental Electromagnetics Electrostatics / Magnetostatics

The most important one?

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What we will learn in this course?


EM Waves and Their Applications (in this semester):

Introduction to Plane Electromagnetic Waves; Transmission Lines; Waveguides Antennas (Introduction only)

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Textbook & Recommendations Textbook : Elements of Electromagnetics, (5 Matthew N.O. Sadiku,


th

Int. Edition)

2011 Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford

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Textbook & Recommendations Textbook : Field and Wave Electromagnetics, (2nd Edition) David K. Cheng,
1989 Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc.

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref #1 : Electromagnetics (International Edition) Branislav M. Notaro, 2011, Pearson Education, Inc.

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref #2 : The Power and Beauty of Electromagnetic () Fields, Frederic R. Morgenthaler,
2011, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Eng. (IEEE).

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref #3 : Electromagnetics with Applications, (5th Edition) Kraus / Fleisch,
1999 McGRAW-Hill Companies

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #4 : Engineering Electromagnetics, (2nd Edition) Nathan Ida,
2004 Springer-Verlag New York, LLC

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #5 : Electromagnetics for High-Speed Analog and () Digital Communication Circuits, Ali M. Niknejad,
2007 CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #6 : Coplanar Microwave Integrated Circuits, () by Ingo Wolff,
New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #7 : Asymmetric Passive Components () in Microwave Integrated Circuits, by Hee-Ran Ahn,
New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #7 : , () A Students Guide to Maxwells Equations, by Daniel Fleisch.

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Textbook Contents Contents in the Textbook for the first semester :


Ch1 - 2. Vector Algebra, Coordinate Systems and Transformations Ch3. Vector Calculus Ch4 - 5. Electrostatic Fields; Electric Fields in Material Space Ch6. Electrostatic Boundary-Value Problems Ch7. Magnetostatic Fields Ch8. Magnetic Forces, Materials, and Devices Ch9. Maxwells Equations ===================================================== Ch10. Electromagnetic Wave Propagation
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Textbook Contents Contents in the Textbook for the first semester :


Ch9. Maxwells Equations ============================================= Ch10. Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Ch11. Transmission Lines Ch12. Waveguides Ch13. Antennas ============================================= Ch14. Numerical Methods

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Textbook Contents Contents in the Textbook-2 for the first semester :


Ch1. The Electromagnetic Model Ch2. Vector Analysis Ch3. Static Electric Fields Ch4. Solution of Electrostatic Problem Ch5. Steady Electric Currents Ch6. Static Magnetic Fields Ch7. Time-Varying Fields and Maxwells Equations

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Textbook Contents Contents in the Textbook-2 for this semester :


Ch7. Time-Varying Fields and Maxwells Equations Ch8. Plane Electromagnetic Waves Ch9. Theory and Applications of Transmission Lines Ch10. Waveguide and Cavity Resonators Ch11. Antennas and Radiating Systems

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Lectures Ftp site for lecture download:

(1) IP address of the ftp site: 140.116.187.6 (ganymede.ee.ncku.edu.tw) (2) Username : guest (3) Passwords : guest01

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Office Hour
Office Time : Wednesday, 15:00 17:00 Friday, 9:00 12:00 Office Room : 95303 (Chimei Building) TEL : ext. 62441 E-Mail : thhuang@ee.ncku.edu.tw Assistants in Room 95308 (Chimei Building)

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Review: What we have learned? 0. Vector Algebra:

3 coordinate systems : Cartesian, Cylindrical, and Spherical


Vector algebra : dot product (), cross product (x), gradient operation (), divergence theorem (), Stokess theorem (x), Helmholtzs theorem. right-hand rule

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Review: What we have learned?


A. Electrostatics :
Coulombs Law : F (=qE, E : field intensity) Gausss Law : D (electric flux density, =E) Q (charge) Q (charge)

B. Magnetostatics :
(Lorentz force) [modeled by Hendrick Lorenz; Note, the Lorenz gauge modeled by Ludwig V. Lorenz] Biot-Savarts Law : H (magnetic field intensity) I (current)

Amperes circuital Law : H (magnetic field intensity, =B/) I (current)


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Review: What we have learned?

Find the capacitance; Find the resistance; Find the inductance. Solve the magnetic circuits. Solve the image charges problems

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Review: What we have learned?


C. Dynamic Fields : Current Continuity Equation: Faradays Law : (postulate)

J =
B t

v t

E =

Time-varying

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Review: What we have learned?


C. Dynamic Fields : (cont.) Maxwells Equations : (the most important one!)

Drop out the time-varying terms, then you get the static field relations.
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Wave Equations:

r r r 1 E 1 J 2 E 2 2 = + 0 0 t c t r r 1 2H r 2 H 2 2 = J c t
2

Inhomogenous vs. homogeneous Wave Equations Source free.


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Preview: What well learn?


D. Plane Waves : Time-Harmonic Wave Equation Wave propagation in lossless (dielectric) /lossy (conductor/semiconductor) media; Wave Reflection Electromagnetic Power and Poynting Theorem

r r r P = EH

(W/m2, Poynting vector, flowing out)

r r P d s = (w e + w m )dv + p dv S V t V
Power flowing into EM energy density Omic power density

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Preview: What well learn? Wave Reflection:


- In view of EM wave:

Ways of Incidence:
normal incidence; oblique incidence.

Ways of Response:
reflection; refraction (transmission).

Incidence plane

Medium #2:
Perfect conductor (=) Dielectrics (=0, lossless).
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Preview: What well learn?


Perpendicular polarization & Parallel polarization

Multiple dielectric interface problem Effective impedance composed of #2 and #3.

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Preview: What well learn?


E. Transmission Lines : Time-Harmonic Transmission-Line Equations

Characteristic Impedance: Zo Concept of Impedance Matching. (also useful in RF design)


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Preview: What well learn?


D. Transmission Lines : (cont.)

Microstrip Line (on the PCB applications; advanced topic: mm-Wave IC)

Smith Chart (Z-/G-type)

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Examples of Transmission Line (Inductor) Application On the Advanced Research Topic

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Examples of Transmission Line (Inductor) Application On the Advanced Research Topic

56 GHz CMOS VCO Integrated with a Switchable Non-Uniform Differential Transmission Line Inductor
Pen-Li You, Kai-Li Huang and Tzuen-Hsi Huang (EuMC09)

56.80 56.30 55.80 55.30 54.80 0.00

Frequency (GHz)

SWON

0 18
Vtune (V)
0.50 1.00
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Examples of Transmission Line (Inductor) Application On the Advanced Research Topic

3D IC Technology:
W1_FM

Wafer1
TSV

FV W1_M4 W1_M3 W1_M2 W1_M1 W1_PO1 W1_Substrate

10 TSV Wafer2

W1_BM FP W2_FM FV W2_M4 W2_M3 W2_M2 W2_M1 W2_PO1 W2_Substrate

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Examples of Transmission Line (Inductor) Application On the Advanced Research Topic

Access More Research Results from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/search/advsearch.jsp

Topics on (1) New Device (Filters, resonators, inductors) Structures; (2) New Substrate Materials

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Preview: What well learn?


E. Wave propagation in a Waveguide: What is a Waveguide and its related features; Tell from the different propagation modes: -- TEM mode -- TM mode -- TE mode Discuss the features of the cavity resonators. Advanced Application: 60 GHz (WPAN) measurement. Why? Material loss, waveguide

air (low loss)


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Future Applications:

About 100 GHz IC design WG dimensions for 100 GHz operation frequency; Radar / Sensor detection Molecular / Atom detection Please check The Tera-Hertz Applications.

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Waveguide Demo:

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Preview: What well learn?


F. Antennas and Radiation Systems: Briefly describe some terminologies of dipole antennas; The Concept of Near- and Far-field patterns.

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Preview: What well learn?

Communication Systems; Wireless Power Translation; RF Energy Harvesting Topics

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The Course Schedule

February :

Ch.8 (03/27, Midterm Exam.1: Ch.8)

March : Ch.8 / Ch.9 April : May : June : Ch.9 Ch.9 / Ch.10 Ch.10 / Ch.11

(05/08, Mid-term Exam.2: Ch.9) (06/19, Final Exam.: Ch.10 & 11)

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Grades:
Homework : 3 times on average (~5 %) Quiz : 3~4 times on average (~5 %)

Roll Calls / Others Activity : ( ~ 5 %) Mid. Exam.1 : 30 % Mid. Exam.2 : 30 % Final Test : 30 %

Subtotal : 100%

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Quiz #1: Quiz on This Thursday (02/22): What are the Maxwells equations?

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