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T.H.Huang

EM Waves and Their Applications (in this semester):

Introduction to Plane Electromagnetic Waves; Transmission Lines; Waveguides Antennas (Introduction only)

T.H.Huang

th

Int. Edition)

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Textbook & Recommendations Textbook : Field and Wave Electromagnetics, (2nd Edition) David K. Cheng,

1989 Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc.

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref #1 : Electromagnetics (International Edition) Branislav M. Notaro, 2011, Pearson Education, Inc.

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref #2 : The Power and Beauty of Electromagnetic () Fields, Frederic R. Morgenthaler,

2011, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Eng. (IEEE).

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref #3 : Electromagnetics with Applications, (5th Edition) Kraus / Fleisch,

1999 McGRAW-Hill Companies

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #4 : Engineering Electromagnetics, (2nd Edition) Nathan Ida,

2004 Springer-Verlag New York, LLC

T.H.Huang

Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #5 : Electromagnetics for High-Speed Analog and () Digital Communication Circuits, Ali M. Niknejad,

2007 CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #6 : Coplanar Microwave Integrated Circuits, () by Ingo Wolff,

New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #7 : Asymmetric Passive Components () in Microwave Integrated Circuits, by Hee-Ran Ahn,

New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006

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Textbook & Recommendations Ref. #7 : , () A Students Guide to Maxwells Equations, by Daniel Fleisch.

T.H.Huang

Ch1 - 2. Vector Algebra, Coordinate Systems and Transformations Ch3. Vector Calculus Ch4 - 5. Electrostatic Fields; Electric Fields in Material Space Ch6. Electrostatic Boundary-Value Problems Ch7. Magnetostatic Fields Ch8. Magnetic Forces, Materials, and Devices Ch9. Maxwells Equations ===================================================== Ch10. Electromagnetic Wave Propagation

T.H.Huang

Ch9. Maxwells Equations ============================================= Ch10. Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Ch11. Transmission Lines Ch12. Waveguides Ch13. Antennas ============================================= Ch14. Numerical Methods

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Ch1. The Electromagnetic Model Ch2. Vector Analysis Ch3. Static Electric Fields Ch4. Solution of Electrostatic Problem Ch5. Steady Electric Currents Ch6. Static Magnetic Fields Ch7. Time-Varying Fields and Maxwells Equations

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Ch7. Time-Varying Fields and Maxwells Equations Ch8. Plane Electromagnetic Waves Ch9. Theory and Applications of Transmission Lines Ch10. Waveguide and Cavity Resonators Ch11. Antennas and Radiating Systems

T.H.Huang

(1) IP address of the ftp site: 140.116.187.6 (ganymede.ee.ncku.edu.tw) (2) Username : guest (3) Passwords : guest01

T.H.Huang

Office Hour

Office Time : Wednesday, 15:00 17:00 Friday, 9:00 12:00 Office Room : 95303 (Chimei Building) TEL : ext. 62441 E-Mail : thhuang@ee.ncku.edu.tw Assistants in Room 95308 (Chimei Building)

T.H.Huang

Vector algebra : dot product (), cross product (x), gradient operation (), divergence theorem (), Stokess theorem (x), Helmholtzs theorem. right-hand rule

T.H.Huang

A. Electrostatics :

Coulombs Law : F (=qE, E : field intensity) Gausss Law : D (electric flux density, =E) Q (charge) Q (charge)

B. Magnetostatics :

(Lorentz force) [modeled by Hendrick Lorenz; Note, the Lorenz gauge modeled by Ludwig V. Lorenz] Biot-Savarts Law : H (magnetic field intensity) I (current)

T.H.Huang

Find the capacitance; Find the resistance; Find the inductance. Solve the magnetic circuits. Solve the image charges problems

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C. Dynamic Fields : Current Continuity Equation: Faradays Law : (postulate)

J =

B t

v t

E =

Time-varying

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C. Dynamic Fields : (cont.) Maxwells Equations : (the most important one!)

Drop out the time-varying terms, then you get the static field relations.

T.H.Huang

Wave Equations:

r r r 1 E 1 J 2 E 2 2 = + 0 0 t c t r r 1 2H r 2 H 2 2 = J c t

2

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D. Plane Waves : Time-Harmonic Wave Equation Wave propagation in lossless (dielectric) /lossy (conductor/semiconductor) media; Wave Reflection Electromagnetic Power and Poynting Theorem

r r r P = EH

r r P d s = (w e + w m )dv + p dv S V t V

Power flowing into EM energy density Omic power density

T.H.Huang

- In view of EM wave:

Ways of Incidence:

normal incidence; oblique incidence.

Ways of Response:

reflection; refraction (transmission).

Incidence plane

Medium #2:

Perfect conductor (=) Dielectrics (=0, lossless).

T.H.Huang

Perpendicular polarization & Parallel polarization

T.H.Huang

E. Transmission Lines : Time-Harmonic Transmission-Line Equations

T.H.Huang

D. Transmission Lines : (cont.)

Microstrip Line (on the PCB applications; advanced topic: mm-Wave IC)

T.H.Huang

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56 GHz CMOS VCO Integrated with a Switchable Non-Uniform Differential Transmission Line Inductor

Pen-Li You, Kai-Li Huang and Tzuen-Hsi Huang (EuMC09)

Frequency (GHz)

SWON

0 18

Vtune (V)

0.50 1.00

T.H.Huang

3D IC Technology:

W1_FM

Wafer1

TSV

10 TSV Wafer2

T.H.Huang

Topics on (1) New Device (Filters, resonators, inductors) Structures; (2) New Substrate Materials

T.H.Huang

E. Wave propagation in a Waveguide: What is a Waveguide and its related features; Tell from the different propagation modes: -- TEM mode -- TM mode -- TE mode Discuss the features of the cavity resonators. Advanced Application: 60 GHz (WPAN) measurement. Why? Material loss, waveguide

T.H.Huang

Future Applications:

About 100 GHz IC design WG dimensions for 100 GHz operation frequency; Radar / Sensor detection Molecular / Atom detection Please check The Tera-Hertz Applications.

T.H.Huang

Waveguide Demo:

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F. Antennas and Radiation Systems: Briefly describe some terminologies of dipole antennas; The Concept of Near- and Far-field patterns.

T.H.Huang

T.H.Huang

February :

March : Ch.8 / Ch.9 April : May : June : Ch.9 Ch.9 / Ch.10 Ch.10 / Ch.11

(05/08, Mid-term Exam.2: Ch.9) (06/19, Final Exam.: Ch.10 & 11)

T.H.Huang

Grades:

Homework : 3 times on average (~5 %) Quiz : 3~4 times on average (~5 %)

Roll Calls / Others Activity : ( ~ 5 %) Mid. Exam.1 : 30 % Mid. Exam.2 : 30 % Final Test : 30 %

Subtotal : 100%

T.H.Huang

Quiz #1: Quiz on This Thursday (02/22): What are the Maxwells equations?

T.H.Huang

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