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Jaypee Business School

A constituent of Jaypee Institute of Information Technology University A-10, Sector 62, Noida (UP) India 201 307 www.jbs.ac.in

Marketing Research of Other Commercial Jobs (Point Of Purchase) products Corporate Internship Report
Internship Report submitted as a partial requirement for the award of the two year Master of Business Administration Program MBA 2009-11 by

Pooja Bagga 091-8800577823 poojabagga.leo@gmail.com

Work carried at Thomson Press (I) Ltd., New Delhi


Start Date for Internship: 1 May, End Date for Internship: 12 June, 2010 Report Date: 12 June, 2010 Under the supervision of Corporate Internship Supervisor Mr. Amit Mayer, Area Sales Manager 0-9818839557 JBS faculty supervisor Dr Naseem Abidi 0999911179040
th th st

Self Certification by the Intern


I hereby certify that I, Pooja bagga have successfully completed my internship with Thomson press (I) ltd in the month of May 1st, 2010 to June 12th, 2010. This is also to certify that this report is an original product and no unfair means like copying etc have been used for its completion.

Pooja Bagga JBS (NOIDA)

Acknowledgement
Though no words can express my heartiest regards to the enthusiastic and ever supporting sources that gave me assistance and support as and when required .This project report named Marketing Research of Other Commercial Jobs (Point Of Purchase) products to know the potential in the segment could not have been prepared, if not for the help and encouragement from various people. Hence, for the same reason firstly I would like to express my deep sense of gratitude to my Industrial Guide Mr. Abhijit Bose, Sales Manager, Thomson Press and Mr. Amit Mayer, Sales Manager, Thomson Press for their able guidance and useful suggestions, which helped me in completing the project work, in time. They not only inspired me to work on this project but also gave their valuable time inspite of busy routine .It was for their support that I got proper guidelines for preparing this project. Secondly, I would like to thanks my faculty guide Dr Naseem Abidi for giving an affectionate, co operation and enormous support, words are inadequate to express my gratitude to him. Words are inadequate in offering my thanks to Thomson press for their encouragement and cooperation in carrying out the project work. They helped me with the questions asked and the answers given by them were up to the mark, they were confident with their answers.

Thanks are also due to my young friends who were always ready to help.

Pooja Bagga JBS (NOIDA)

List of symbols and abbreviations

TP CAGR PwC OCJ POP JDF

Thomson Press Compound annual growth rate Price Water Coopers Other Commercial Jobs Point of Purchase Job Data Form

Table of content
Chapter no. I. II. III. IV. Certificate Acknowledgement Executive summary List of symbols and abbreviations Page no.

1. Company profile 1.1 Welcome to Thomson Press


1.1.2 Vision and mission 1.1.3 Basic information 1.1.4 Presence of Thomson Press 1.1.5 Thomson Press at glance 1.1.6 Thomson digital 1.1.7 Quality at Thomson Press 1.1.1. Organizational structure 1.1.9 Working a) organization b) Departmental 1.1.10 Clients 1.1.11 Recognition and awards Company SWOT analysis

2. Industry analysis 2.1.1 Overview of print industry 2.1.2 Market size 2.1.3 Companies in the industry 2.1.4 Technological advancements

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2.1.5 Industry standards 2.1.6 Environmental issues 2.1.7 Recent developments Industry SWOT analysis

Competition analysis 3.1.1 Michel potters five force model

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4 undertaken

Project

46 4.1.1 Background 4.1.2 Objective of the project 4.1.3 Methodology 4.1.4 Theoretical framework 4.1.5 Areas covered during the project 4.1.6 Data analysis 4.1.7 Finding and Observations 4.1.8 Annexure : Copy of questionnaire : Visiting cards of visited companies 4.1.9 References

Executive summary
Dissertation title: Marketing Research on Point of Purchase advertisings to know the potential in the segment. Company Supervisor : Thomson Press India Limited, New Delhi : Mr. Amit Mayer, Area Sales Manager

Name of the student: Pooja bagga Duration of the internship: Six weeks

This project delivers an insight about the market of point of purchase advertisings in Delhi and NCR region. It is also to bring about the acceptance level for the products by the corporate and strategies to increase the market share of OCJ products (other commercial jobs) with respect to Thomson Press.
OCJ products include brochure, catalogue, pamphlets, posters and other advertisement tools which are used heavily for many purposes by the business houses in near future.

Point of purchase (POP) displays can take various forms, including shelf-mounted signs, hanging posters, and
more. Since an estimated 70% of purchase decisions are made within the retail store itself, effective POP displays can have a dramatic impact on sales for a particular product category or brand. It enables a vendor to selectively broadcast advertising and promotional content at a point of purchase display in a retail store. Thomson Press in previous years is dealing in point of purchase marketing but this line of business is not organized and therefore no previous research is done in this respect. The need for conducting research was felt when the company adopted a campaign named 2X. In brief ,2X means doubling the productivity and reducing the errors by 50%. In order to double the productivity the areas which were not targeted earlier were taken up and POP is one among them. The thesis also contain the detailed methodology, which are survey results, trend analysis, and their interpretations, which bring out the acceptance level of corporate for taking up the POP tools as necessary items. Thesis also has the pointing out the other areas where Thomson Press can improve. The thesis describe the above work in detail. Signature of the student Signature of the supervisor.

Company profile

Welcome To Thomson Press

Vision

Mission

To recognize the customer's right to Quality, Services, Timely Delivery and Cost
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To ensure maximum satisfaction to the clients To continue to maintain ethical practices, legal, social, personal conscience framework To encourage individual growth to fullest potential To maintain high degree of efficiency and attain international standards Quality through people and technology

Basic Information
Company Name: Business Type: THOMSON PRESS INDIA Ltd

Service industry
Printing, Publishing, Designing, Pre Media, Sheet Fed And Offset Printing, Automated Binding And Finishing, World Wide Distribution Management,

Product/Service:

Children Books, Bible, Quran, Coffee Table Books, Dictionaries, Science Technical Medical Books, Calendars Diaries Note Books, Security Printing

Address: Number of Employees:

9K-Block, Connaught Circus Above 1000 People

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Company Website URL:

http://www.thomsonpress.com

Ownership and capital


Year Established: Registered Capital: Ownership Type: Legal Representative/Business Owner: 1967 US$1 Million - US$2.5 Million Corporation/Limited Liability Company Mr. Aroon Purie

Trade & Market


North America Main Markets: Southeast Asia Africa Mid East Eastern Asia Western Europe Total Annual Sales Volume: Export Percentage: US$50 Million - US$100 Million 1% - 10%

THOMSON PRESS AT GLANCE


Thomson Press has been in operation for over 40 years and is part of the India Today Group a major multimedia company having interests in printing, publishing, internet, television and radio.

Presence of Thomson press


International business
Thomson Press has been in international business for over two decades and in a focused manner for last 15 years. In line with becoming global player, Thomson has made substantial investments. Essential facilities and equipment in the plant will make it a cost efficient solution provider that will match the best in the world and will be acknowledged by customers abroad.

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Mumbai which is 50 kms or 31miles from Sea port and 25 kms or 16 miles from airport, offers the advantage of shorter time for imported material as well as export of finished cargo. Areas Thomson has exported so far:

Countries in which Thomson press has sales office: USA NEW YORK UK HARROW AUSTRALIA SYDNEY Domestic offices Main plants: Faridabad, Noida, Navi Mumbai, Tamil Nadu Export Headquarter Noida Domestic sales office North New Delhi South Bangalore East Kolkata West Mumbai

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Thomson digital
Thomson digital provides end to end conversion of raw, unformatted information of multiple types into a

consistent, defined, and directly publishable document format using customer-defined rules.
A team of about 1500 people makes us one of the largest specialist teams in the industry with our offices all over the globe, which provides local coordination. It is information technology enabled services division of Thomson press [i] ltd. As a part of diversified group, whch has interest in media, entertainment ,art and education, printing and digital data processing Thomson press has over the last three decades earned a reputation of delivering high quality service and customer satisfaction.

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for more than 15 years thomson digital have been in the field of prepress activity and produce about one million pages in journal each year and the number is continuosly growing. The customer are spread all over the world and the unit has earned the reputation of being the preffered service provider of illustrious names in the STM publishing industry. The company has made a concerted effort to ensure that all our production is automated to handle volumes and reduce errors

Quality at Thomson
Quality is one thing that is not compromised in Thomson Press and this makes it a leader in commercial press, its a prestige for companies to get their work done by Thomson press as they are assured that they will get a good quality in return even if they are paying little high than what is offered by other press. Quality policy: We pledge to achieve Customer satisfaction by continual improvement in our processes and excellence in quality. This is achieved by: Defect Prevention By Setting Standard: Standard has been set as per the ISO 9001-2000 international Quality System and has been certified from BSI India Pvt. Ltd. The standard is being revised from time to time whenever there is some improvement or modification in the system.

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Ensuring adherence of the Standard: Periodical audit of the system standard is being conducted to check the compliance of the standard. Corrective and Preventive Action: Every customer complaint is being thoroughly investigated by QA for its origin and reason. Necessary corrective & preventive action is being taken in consultation with the concerned departments.

Defect Detection By gathering data constantly on occurrence of defect: Every job undergoes thorough inspection by QA before dispatch as per the inspection plan & defect checklist. By sending information about defects to relevant departments: Daily, Weekly & Monthly reports are being sent to the relevant departments and the same are being reviewed periodically with the concerned departments.

Organizational chart

SSD Cell

Sales & marketing

Management Representative

Headmanufacturing

Internal Audit

Repro house

Personnel & IR

Prepress

Customer support
Quality assurance

okhla
Accounts Human resource

Training

Sheeted printing

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Laboratory

Costing

Material

Security & admin.

Folding
Web printing Engineering & Maintenance

Finishing operation Hard case

Utility services

WORKING

A) Organization PRE PRESS PRESS POST PRESS

High-resolution scanning drum, copy dot and flat bed scanner. Automated page planning, image retouching and manipulation Outputting in conventional and FM screens. Fully equipped for

High volume multi colored magazines, saddle stitched or perfect bound. Quality multicolored calendars, brochure, folders, leaflets. Paper bags and hard case books including diaries, children books,

UV varnish application by screen or offset and online aqueous varnish Water solvent based and thermal All types of foil stamping, gilding index cutting and embossing.

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B) Department: sales and marketing


DIGITAL PRINTING OFFSET PRITING

MARKETING

MARKETING

SALES SALES

ENQUIRY CSD 17

COMMERCIAL (ESTIMATES) PRE PRESS QUOTATION BY SALES PRESS (PRINTING)

CLIENT APPROVAL

CSD

PRE PRESS JDF

DESPATCH

PLANT PRINTING

CHALLANS

ACCOUNTS

DESPATCH

Clients
Domestic clients Overseas clients:

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Corporate houses and advertising agencies

Magazine and publications

Overseas clients

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Company SWOT Analysis

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The Largest Commercial Printer in South Asia. Offers both Printing and Typesetting services. Having five Printing Units, two Repro Units and two Typesetting Units. Sales Offices in major Indian and International cities. Has won numerous Prestigious Awards. Thomson Press is a member of two prestigious world bodies GATF and PIRA. It is an ISO 9001: 2008, ISO 14001:2004, OHSAS 18001:2007 and FSC COC certified company.

http://www.indiatoday.com/

It is a service industry and not a manufacturing industry as it provides end to end solution to its clients right from designing to delivery of the material. In one way we can say that, its the one stop shop for the printing solution. The only press in India which have its own Design studio and testing lab. In short design studio has a team of well qualified designer and they design the content as per users requirement, which is later sent for printing. Testing lab takes care for testing material that is received from the supplier and they can reject the whole material if it is not as per the ordered one. Absolute commitments to quality, meticulous attention to detail and unparalleled level of service have made Thomson Press a leading specialist in Design, Prepress, Printing and distribution services.

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RECOGNITIONS AND AWARDS

AWARD NAME YEAR TOPIC

Sappi Trading Printer of the years-Gold 2007 Printer's own Promotion, Calendars

AWARD NAME YEAR TOPIC

Sappi Trading Printer of the years-bronze 2007 Catalogues

AWARD NAME YEAR TOPIC

Xerox 2007 ---

AWARD NAME YEAR TOPIC

Xerox 2007 ----

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AWARD NAME YEAR TOPIC

Sappi Trading Printer of the year 2007 ----

AWARD NAME

YEAR TOPIC

National Award for Excellence in Printing by all India Federation of Master Printers 2002 Group - 'Offset Big' Category - Folders Group - Offset Category Book - Technical/ Medical nd (2 position) Group - Offset Category st Book (Others) (1 position)

AWARD NAME YEAR TOPIC

Special Export Award by CAPEXIL 2000 2001, 1996-97, 1997-98, 1994-95 Books, Typesetting

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ndustry analysis

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The Indian Print Industry


Printing is a significant medium of Advertisement, Entertainment, Education, and Information and it spreads over almost all parts of the economy, such as Government, either local or central, Retailing & Manufacturing, Tour & Travels, Financial and Retailing, Distribution and Financial industries, and so on. The influence of printing industry is so robust that it is considered a spearhead for the economy of any country Printing Industry Segments: The Printing Industries model was developed using the following definition of the printing industry. The industry includes: Commercial Printing (General Commercial, Quick, Magazine, Newspaper, Book, Financial/Legal, Screen, and Thermograph) Form, Label, & Tag Printing (Business Forms, Label/Wrapper, and Tag/Ticket/Tape Printing) Greeting Card Printing Specialty Printing Packaging Printing Trade Services (Prepress Services, Trade Binding, and Other Finishing Services.)

It encompasses numerous fields of every economy. Printing Industry generates a wide range of products which require in every step of our everyday life. Starting from Newspapers, Magazines, Books, Post Cards to Memo Pads and Business Order Forms each are the products of Printing Industry. Other than the direct contributions, there are many indirect influences of Printing Industry up on the economy. This is because, all the activities like Binding, Embossing which generate considerable amount of income and employment are related closely with the Printing Industry. Packaging industry and Advertising Industry in many ways depend on the Printing Industry. In the Printing Industry, the main Printing Techniques that are used are: Lithography-This technique emphasizes on economical use of color. Flexography- This technique produces vibrant colors and is used for printing newspapers and books. Gravure-This technique is famous for Print Quality and Print Formats and is mainly used for product to be used in packaging industry. Letterpress-This technique is used when printing is done on raised surfaces. Screen Printing-This technique is mainly used to Print designs on fabrics.

India is the fastest growing printing industry riding on the growth rate of 12 per cent annually. Indian printing industry has gone through a revolutionary transformation in the last 15 years because of liberalization of economy and privatization of the industry. Inflow of investment in buying latest technology and sophisticated machinery has led the industry to modernization. The Indian Printing Industry today comprises more than 250,000 big, small and medium printers with a total turnover of more than US $ 12 billion. Almost 75% printing presses are family owned and hence closely held. Highly Capital intensive with 120,000 or so, printing presses and 200 daily newspapers and thousands of periodicals, journals and language publications, the printing industry has thrown up demands for nextgen

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technologies. India needs to establish standards in digitization and introduce the new technologies which have been developed worldwide to meet the immense potential of this industry. Facts about Indian Printing Industry : More than 1,30,000 all types of printing presses in India More than 10 Million family involved in the Industry 20 Billion + Turnover Per capita consumption of Paper & boards - 4.5 KGs Machinery New and Second Hand, used is predominately from China, England, France. Germany, Italy, Japan, The Netherland, Switzerland,Spain,Taiwan,USA.

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Companies in the industry


NPES The Association was founded as the National Printing Equipment Association in 1933. The 26 charter members included manufacturers of printing presses, bindery equipment, typesetting machinery and specialty equipment. Today NPES represents manufacturers, importers and distributors of equipment, supplies, systems and software used in every printing, publishing and converting process from design to distribution. There are about 470 Indian printers companies listed in NPES, few of them are mentioned below: 1) ABI Print 2) ACE Printers 3) Ajanta Print Arts 4) Amigo Offset Pvt Ltd 5) Anand Printers 6) Bamboat Press Pvt Ltd 7) Bell Graphics 8) Bharat Folding Box Manufactoring Company 9) Bina Packaging & Printers Pvt Ltd 10) Bombay Binding Works & Printers 11) Bright Offset Printers 12) Color Print 13) Comart Lithographics Ltd 14) Delta Printing 15) Dhote Offset Technokrafts Pvt Ltd 16) Esquire Press Pvt Ltd Esquire Press Pvt Ltd 17) Four Square Graphics 18) Dynamic Impressions 19) M. B. Graphics 20) Mahadev Paper Corporation

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Few of the major players are: 1. Pragati press Location: Hyderabad

Established in 1962, Pragati offer high-quality print services to clients in India and the world over. Having established credentials in the commercial offset field, they have expanded their product offerings to the fields of Packaging and Labels too. From coffee-table books to brochures and calendars, from highquality paperboard cartons to luxury rigid boxes, and from flexographic labels to shrink-sleeves -- Pragati covers the full gamut of printing needs.

2. Ipp printing press Location: Noida Founded as a repro house in 1982, IPP has emerged as a partner of choice for its valued customers -delivering packaging, commercial printed products and stationery to the most discerning of international buyers. They derive 35% of our annual revenues from exports to North America and Europe.

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Market size
With all industries moving towards specialization to carve a niche, the new strategy is to offer customized solutions and applications that cater to vertical segments like telecom, banking, retail, pharma etc. Currently India is the12th largest print market in the world expected to rise to the 8th position by 2011. The countrys printing market currently valued at US$12.1 billion and is projected to reach US$20.9 billion

A booming Indian economy, growing need for content and government initiatives that have opened up the sector to foreign investment are driving growth in the print media. With the literate population on the rise, more people in rural and urban areas are reading newspapers and magazines today. Also, there is more interest in India amongst the global investor community. This leads to demand for more content from India. Foreign media too is evincing interest in investing in Indian publications. And the internet today offers a new avenue to generate more advertising revenue.

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Printing Industry Growth Trends

Printing Industry Trends has been very significant over the years. This trend is actually the force that is determining the future of Printing Industry. India is the fastest growing printing industry after China ,currently India is the12th largest print market in the world.

The print industry is projected to grow at a CAGR of 9 per cent in the next five years and will reach Rs 269 billion by 2011

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Indian printing industry has gone through a revolutionary transformation in the last 15 years because of liberalization of economy and privatization of the industry. Inflow of investment in buying latest technology and sophisticated machinery has led the industry to modernization. Printing Industry Growth is an outcome of different actions and reactions which took place in past few decades all over the world. The Growth has taken place due to rising demands for printed products. Now if we want to find the reason behind this increase in demand we will find several factors. Among these, the main factors are Overall Economic Growth, Population Growth, Increasing Advertising Expenditures and the Advent of internet.

To understand the Printing Industry Growth we need to discuss these changes in details. The main changes which contributed significantly to printing Industry Growth are the following: Desktop publishing-This introduced Typographic Print put in place of traditional Typewritten Print out. Personalization of Data-This introduced use of specific data to generate printed items. This was possible due to increasing use of personal computers and personal printers. Digital Printing-This introduced Toner based and Inkjet based technology. Digital Printing also holds Variable Data Printing Capacity. E-Commerce-E-Commerce has given the relationship between buyers and sellers a new dimension. E-Commerce or E-Business has strengthened the business communications and has contributed significantly to Printing Industry Sales. Use of Color-In the past decades most of the printing work was done in Black and White. But, in the present era use of color has risen tremendously in the print medium. Newspapers, Magazines, Catalogs Printers have shifted to color reproduction. Distributed Production- The production process has changed immensely. From the Press Centric Production the Printing Industry is slowly moving to Printer Centric Production. The increasing use of internet in the publishing world has brought a revolution in the Printing Industry. Remote Distribution of Data and Variable Data Printing has been possible by the use of Internet.

The special ability of Internet of distributing large quantities of data to diverse locations bridged the gaps of Printing Industry. Earlier, almost all printing work was used to be done through press. But, in today's world of technological advancement, many printing work is done from customer's home printer.

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Technology advancement
Press technology has changed dramatically over the past several years. Fortunately, press manufacturers have put the demands of printers at the forefront of their designs, recognizing the need for increased productivity and efficiency. In order to accommodate faster make-readies, press speeds and higher quality, commercial printers are acquiring these state-of-the-art presses. Although this equipment helps differentiate them in the marketplace, it comes

with a hefty 1. Of considerable weight; heavy. 2. Rugged and powerful. 3. Price tag.
This allows press operators to make ready-color and register then go right into production without any delays -- even on the heaviest ink coverage The amount of ink used by a laser-class or inkjet printer depends on the type of document printed. The sheets float on air and nothing touches during production, ensuring consistent high quality through every run. This press can cut pre-production time by as much as 50 percent, which allows for faster service at more competitive rates. Automated

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1. To convert to automatic operation: automate a factory. 2. Shop Way of the Future The industry as a whole is moving towards a more automated shop with a wide system of controls, checks and balances. This system would be able to handle everything from remote estimates and order entry requests, through the estimating, planning, production and finally the shipping of the product. A completely automated system is not only beneficial to the printer, in terms of greater efficiency, but also to the client. Customized efficiency reports can also be generated. This leap in technology insures high quality and is cost-effective. Due to tougher competition, customer needs and increased productivity demands, what was once a three- to four-day production cycle has now turned into a one- to two-day production cycle. Computer-to-plate, also known as CTP (cytidine triphosphate) o (Computer-To-Plate) The production of printing plates directly from the computer without requiring film as an intermediate step has allowed for reduction in production time. Because of this, nowhere has technology in printing changed more rapidly than in the area of the pre-press. The elimination of film allows for much faster proof generation. Due to numerous technological advances, operators no longer perform their task without regard to what was done prior in the steps of production. Those responsible for each step of the printing process work together as a cohesive and the capability to cohere or stick together to form a mass team, thereby reducing production time and assuring quality standards. Technology will continue to drive the future of the printing industry, as clients demand better and faster service. Today's printer must stay informed of the changing technology and be prepared to make the capital investments needed to remain competitive. As in any business, a printer is only as good as his or her last print job. So, it better be done right, and done fast. And technology can make all the difference.

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Standards
ISO 12647

It has become the standard on which most printing specifications are based. It has targets for ink color, trapping, grey balance and dot gain values, defined in 7 parts: Part 1: Parameters and measurement methods; Part 2: Offset lithographic processes; Part 3: Cold set offset lithography and letterpress on newsprint; Part 4: Publication gravure process; Part 5: Screen printing; Part 6: Flexographic printing; Part 7: Digital proofing ISO 12647-2 being the comprehensive and worldwide accepted quality standard for 4-colour offset printing, it basically consists of a list of reference parameters providing definitions for the transfer of files from prepress to press, quality requirements for predictable and reproducible print quality, and specifications for printing conditions determined by paper type, solid tone color coordinates, dot gain characteristics for each color, and tolerances in coloration, dot gain and trapping.

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The standard itself comprises not more than 18 pages, but refers to 4 other ISO standards and is complemented in prepress by proofing standard ISO 12647-7.

1) ISO 3664

Defining standard lighting and viewing conditions

ISO 2846

For process links

ISO 12218

For plate making

ISO 12643

For safety requirements

ISO 12646

For color proofing displays

ISO 1365556

For color and density measurements and numerous standards for digital data exchange.

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Environmental Issues
Green Printing in India

Environment protection is catching up in India. Be it machines, or paper or inks they all have to sooner rather than later change to eco friendly systems and solutions. Local, federal, corporate and society at large are waking up to the fact that all need to contribute at every level to protect the environment for our future generations. Following avenues need to become more environmentally responsible: Production of paper (from renewable sources but regeneration stressed) (FSC) Several printing companies implementing ISO 14001 or equivalent certifications Use of inks and solvents (without adverse environmental impact)

Indias printers use about ten million tones of paper and board each year including domestic manufacture and imports. In addition 3.6 to 4 million tones of plastics is used for rigid, semi-rigid and flexible packaging. Flexible packaging constitutes 70 per cent or some 2.5 million tones of packaging film of all varieties.

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Certification ISO 14001 and FSC Of the top 15 paper mills at least 10 are already ISO 14001 compliant. Currently the biggest mill is implementing ISO 14001 and increasing its certified inputs from sustainably managed forests. Increased recycling and sustainable practices and certifications by local paper mills will help in making more Indian printers FSC compliant. Only 7 printing and packaging companies in India that are currently ISO 14001 compliant, Of the 7 that are already compliant two commercial printers Thomson and Gopsons are also FSC certified, with several other print exporters seeking FSC certification. The remaining ISO 14001 compliant companies are in packaging with multiple locations.

ISO 14001 ISO 14001 was first published in 1996 and specifies the actual requirements for an environmental management system. It applies to those environmental aspects which the organization has control and over which it can be expected to have an influence Intention of ISO 14001:2004 is to provide a framework for a holistic, strategic approach to the organization's environmental policy, plans and actions. This has the effect of establishing a common reference for communicating about environmental management issues between organizations and their customers, regulators, the public and other stakeholders. Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) The FSC is an international nonprofit organization formed in 1993 to encourage better forestry practices. Why is this necessary? Over 40 per cent of trees that are logged globally are used to make paper Recycled paper accounts for about 10 per cent of the paper market worldwide Affluent countries such as the United States and Australia are among the leading consumers of paper. Paper consumption is growing. About 95 per cent of business information is still stored on paper, while the greater availability of copying machines, printers and fax machines, as well as personal computers and desktop printers, has produced an increase rather than a decrease in demand for paper. Use of inks and solvents For many years, solvent-based inks have been used because they provide durability, penetration, and a wide variety of pigment options. However, environmental regulations have had a large impact on how and what solvents are used in many applications. Most of these regulations that affect hydrocarbons are based on the ability of hydrocarbons to degrade in the troposphere, generating ozone.

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Ozone in the troposphere is a human health risk at concentrations exceeding about 0.12 p.p.m. The ability of a substance to generate ozone is directly tied to its atmospheric lifetime as well as to what it reacts with in the atmosphere. The ability to dissolve ink is only one part of evaluating the efficacy of a solvent for the printing industry. A solvent that negatively affects printer heads and blanket material can cause downtime and lost production. Several printers have eliminated the use of films and chemicals and have converted to computer to plate. Printers are increasingly using vegetable based inks instead of oil-based inks and looking at alcohol free dampening solutions. Chemicals that are harmful to the environment are disposed as per environment disposal norms. Indian manufacturer TechNova, a world leader in inkjet polyester and aluminium plates is already ISO14001: 2004 compliant for the manufacture of litho plates and chemicals. It plans to introduce low chemistry plates in 2010. The Indian printing industry is experiencing rapid growth. However the environmental protection is not applied widely or stringently enough, although printers and processors are strong on light weighting and recycling, and interested in the sustainability issue. With high growth a yawning gap exists between old technology and practices and new needs and systems. (Source: Indian Printer & Publisher)

Recent developments
The printing industry, like many other industries, continues to undergo technological changes, as computers and technology alter the manner in which work is performed. The most notable changes have occurred in the prepress stage. Instead of cutting and pasting articles by hand, workers now produce entire publications on a computer, complete with artwork and graphics. Nearly all prepress work is computerized, and prepress workers need considerable training in computer software and graphic communications. Technology has also affected the printing process itself. Printing machine operators, also known as press operators, increasingly use computers to make adjustments to printing presses in order to complete a job. The same is also true of bindery and other finishing workers. Digital printing has become the fastest growing industry segment as printers embrace this technology. Most commercial printers now do some form of digital printing. Printing processes today use scanners and digital cameras to input images and computers to format the graphic images prior to printing. Digital printing is transforming prepress operations as well as the printing process. It eliminates much of the lengthy process in manually transferring materials to the printing press by directly transferring digital files to an electronically driven output device. The printing industry is also taking on new tasks that provide further value for customers. This means customers can now have their finished products labeled, packaged, and shipped directly by printing companies. Other ancillary services that printers may offer to attract new customers include database management, mailing, warehousing, and Web-based order and design work for clients who want to fill out design templates on the Internet rather than creating original design work. Printers feel that these services are increasingly important to their customers and may provide a competitive edge in attracting new business. The printing industry has thrown up demands for latest technologies, having undergone transfiguration from sheet fed printing, to web printing, from low speed to high speed, B&W to color. The publishing sector has already established itself in the export market through type setting. However, new technologies are emerging worldwide, especially digitization. Standards are being developed for digitizing newspapers, forms and books. The potential for expansion is immense. Increasing number of printers are adopting newer and modern technologies. The growth of such organisations indicate that recession is nothing but a changing trend towards adoption of new style of working.

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Industry SWOT analysis

STRENGTHS Print is tangible and has a longer shelf life compared to electronic communication. The paper used for print is ultimate renewable and recycle resource so its a environmentally friendly and responsible Print does not get lost in spam filters or sent to junk e mail folders. Printing is often used to complement or supplement electronic marketing to increase response rates and ROI. Direct Mail print is flexible, easy to measure, selective, targeted, personal, and its easy to measure its ROI.

WEAKNESS Print is costly, so it is important to talk about print in terms of ROI rather than cost. Print requires more lead time, production time, and distribution time compared to electronic communications. There is a lack of an organized and effective effort to promote print and educate the public about the value of print by organizations The print industry is highly fragmented which creates challenges in working together for the benefit of all members of the industry

Opportunities The internet is not killing the print industry, but it is changing how it is used. The print industry needs to

Threats Green movements can slow down the production by creating environmental issues in later stage 40

Competition analysis

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Michel Potters Five Force Model


Michel E. Potter has identified five forces that determine the Industry Environment. These five forces shape the competition within the industry. A stronger competitive force is regarded as a threat because it depresses profits while a weaker competitive force is viewed as an opportunity because it allows the company to earn greater profit. 1. Risk of entry by potential competitor:

Factors that make it costly for the companies that are not currently competing in an industry but have the capability to do so if they choose. 2. Rivalry among established components:

The competitive struggle between the companies in an industry to gain market share from each other. 3. The bargaining power of the buyers:

The ability of buyers to bargain down price charged by the companies in the industry or to raise the cost of companies in the industry by demanding better product quality and service. 4. The bargaining power of suppliers:

The ability of suppliers to raise input prices, or to raise the cost of the industry. 5. Substitute product:

The product of different businesses or industries that can satisfy similar customer needs.

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Potters Five Force Model for OCJ Products


1) Barriers to Entry.
Low barriers to entry, not much infrastructure required to set up a printing press and machines can be used to print not only OCJ Products but also other products. Low switching cost, so some small presses are doing a seasonal business in case of OCJ Products when the demand is high.

2) Segment Rivalry:
Large number of firms small and big in size that are printing OCJ Products. Low level of Product Differentiation, the range is very less. Pamphlets, Posters and Catalogs only come under this producr line. Low switching cost. o Customers can freely switch to other items and therefore its hard to capture new customers and retain old ones.

3)

Buyer Power:

Buyers are powerful:

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o For standardized products, where the purchase order is very significant they can bargain a lot. Buyers are weak: o When the quantity ordered is less.

4) Supplier Power:
Suppliers providing paper and ink and other raw material are weak in case of printing industry, as there is large number of supplier providing same quality of product and therefore they cannot be a monopoly and influence prices. Thomson Press also has a testing lab, any material received will be tested and if the order is not as per the specification it is returned.

5) Threats from Substitute:


Threat from the substitute product is high, OCJ Products are mainly used for Advertisement purposes. There is a wide range of innovative advertisement item available in the market other than OCJ Products and are cheap also.

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PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION
It is defined as establishing clear distinction between products serving the same market segment. This is typically accomplished through effective positioning, packaging, and pricing strategies. In printing industry, there are many small and unorganized players providing services with few and more variations. This concept is explained with few examples of competitors in the same field

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Detail explanation of the concept is given below:


Name of the company Name of the competitor Product name (perfect substitute) Product differentiation

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Thomson Press

Pragati press

Coffee table and art books, children books, religious literature, dictionaries, directories, diaries, journals, agendas, calendars, magazine , periodicals, annual reports, brochures, catalogues, posters advertisements. Corporate brochures, product and service catalogue, art and coffee table books, annual reports, table top and wall calendars

Pressure-sensitive labels on paper and filmic substrates, wetglue labels, shrink-sleeves, inmould labels, flexible packaging Folding Cartons, Blister Packs, Luxury Rigid Boxes, Displaycum-Dispensers, Gift/Fancy Boxes, Paper/Board Carry Bags,

AJANTA OFFSET

Books, (Coffee Table Books, Text Books, Art Books etc.)

Brochures, (Corporate Literature, Mailers etc.) Magazines, Corporate Annual Reports & Accounts Calendars Diaries (Organizers, Planners etc.), Stationery Items (Writing Pads, Coloring Books, Telephone Index, Paper Carry Bags etc.) PACIFIC CREATIVE SOLUTIONS Brochures, Pamphlets Booklets Catalogs, Letterheads, Envelopes Business Cards Folders, CD Rom DVD Packaging Carry Bags Postcards , Wedding Cards Customized Paper Bags, Gift Bags, Fancy Gift, Boxes Executive Diaries, Corporate Gifts, annual Reports. Hang tags, paper bands, inlay cards Hang tags,paper bands, inlay cards Paper, plastic, vinyl, corrugated, metal and leather materials, Standard and custom string colors in cotton, rayon, elastic,

Tanush international

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jute, etc. Hang tags and custom labels made from brass, nickel, aluminum, and steel eyelets.

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Project undertaken

Marketing mix
When we talk about marketing mix,we first need to define a target market as our mix that is product Product,Place,Price,Promotion are focussed on needs of the users in that market. Here in case the 4Ps of the respective company are:

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Background
The project is about point of purchase (in store) marketing which includes danglers, counter tables, floor/ceiling decals, paper bags, posters, tent cards, table flags. Thomson press has less production level in this line and therefore to re - energies it and to get more business a proper approach is required. This project delivers a proper

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approach right from identifying a target market, creating value for target customers, communicating them the value and finally to approaching the customers and checking their agreeableness with this product line. This research is also a part of 2X campaigns, as 2X aims to double the production level, therefore several product lines are identified, some new and some in which the business is showing low production levels.OCJ (other commercial jobs) product line is one of those lines as the percentage share in share in production is very low. so there is quite lot potential in the market, which is yet to be exploited. this report is therefore aimed, as how to increase market share.

Secondary data

Graph- comparison between various product lines for three years. The table above shows the production in crores under different product lines, these are not sales figures but production figures. Thomson press works on production figures, by production figures we mean cost to company in a particular job done. According to Finance department sales figure are approximately double the production figure with _+ 5%. This table not only shows the production figures but also it shows the comparison between different products, trend of production over a period of three years of each product. Lastly this table shows the figures of North India region, as the research project is restricted to the North Indian market. It can be clearly seen that the major production is of periodicals followed by books. Here the most exciting thing is the drastic increase in the production level of Digital work, which has just started three years back and is still showing a high increasing trend .this tell us that more customers are going for personalization of their products. rest all products are fine, and mostly showing a growing or stable trend, but OCJ Products, like catalogue, brochures, are showing slow growth or have less contribution in the product line.

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Pie chart- chart showing the contribution of OCJ Product in year 2006-07 (in %). The pie chart shows the share of the OCJ products in year 2008-09. In this year the share of OCJ products was about 23%, among the other major items printed at Thomson press (books, periodicals, digital printing items). This shows that there could be great potential in the market which is not yet explored. In the same year the contribution of periodicals and books were highest with 32% and 27% respectively.

Objectives of the project


The main objectives of the study are: o potential of the OCJ products in corporate sector. o market share in OCJ products. o ng awareness of Thomson Press in context of point of purchase. o promote OCJ products. Strategies to Promoting/creati Reasons for low To know the

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Methodology
This project is entirely based on conducting survey to promote Thomson Press by influencing and getting feedback of the corporate w.r.t their inclination towards point of purchase marketing, therefore sectors are identified and some companies under each sector are targeted for survey.

Data collection:
The main methods used for collecting information are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Structured questionnaire Face to face interview with the employees (Thomson Press) Telephone surveys E mail surveys Direct observations

The survey method involves a structured questionnaire given to the respondents and designated to elicit specific information. In this project interview mode is used for collecting information. For this, appointment is taken from the respondent as the respondent is of high designation therefore approaching him any time is not professional. So appointment is taken and then while meeting and after educating him about the company profile and OCJ products and what value they create in the market, Questionnaire is given to him. In some cases the survey is done over phone and e-mail and in that case a proper follow up was necessary therefore a letter with the promotional brochure is sent by post to the respondent. (For reference purpose the questionnaire is attached in annexure) Face to face interview was also conducted with the employees of the company to know about the strategies followed by them. It helps in understanding the key functional areas and if the need to modify them as per the changing market situations.

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Theoretical Framework
Following is the model, which lists down the flow of my approach in this research project to bring out the potential in the market for Point of purchase advertisings

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Areas covered under the project


o The project is confined to Northern India Region but as there is a time constraint the research work is more focused over the Delhi and NCR region. There are many regional head offices of companies in and around Delhi, so it also give a big market to target. Also there is diversity in the sectors as there are so many sectors using in-store marketing and have their own preferences, like some want less quality and more quantity and some do not compromise on quality. This makes important to identify some sectors and then channelize the research work. Hotels Private inurance and finance companies FMCG Apparels & Accessories Banks

Public sector undertakings

Beauty & Personal Care

Other corporate houses

Data Analysis
Following are the methods which were exercised at Thomson Press, by their sales team to get more business and increase market share.

Annual report mailer

It was a package having annual reports of Thomson press along with the samples of different papers with different types of printing and in variable sizes. This gives an perfect idea to the reader what all is offered at Thomson press

Cold calling

In this portable customers are just contacted by phone and if they seem interested then an appointment is fixed and the products and services are promoted in the meeting.

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Leads from existing customers

This is a very rish source to get business from the customers and this also requires a healthy relationship with the existing customers.

Making database

Every job done is recorded and stored in the database and every year that database is referred and old customers are contacted in order to get more business out of that.

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Detailed analysis of the questionnaire:


1. Set of database creating questions Set one in the questionnaire is for the personal information of the respondent (name of the company employee, designation). This is done for the database building for Thomson Press, as this information will help company to get business not only in OCJ products but also in other product lines. Company visited for survey:
Dharampal Satyapal ltd VLCC health care ltd Jaypee hotels Indian oil corporation ltd

Tata Aig life insurance company ltd Mutual fundswala.com

Way one Godfrey Philips india ltd

Bajaj capital ltd Harvest gold industries pvt ltd. Zuari insurance

W womens wear The Shahnaz Husain group of companies Eicher motors

Essilor India ltd

MMTC

Ansal housing and construction ltd Tribhovandas Bhimji Zaveri Swati aluminum ltd

Ravi Bajaj design pvt ltd

The great India place Vegit (merino industries)

Hdfc standard life insurance company ltd Mother Khazani convent school

Surya roshni ltd

The ashok hotel

2. Set of POP marketing awareness questions This contains two questions, and is mainly to guide the discussion ahead in order to build a background for further questions and it also gives an idea to the respondent that what all this survey about. These questions are simple close ended questions and mainly intended to know that whether the respondents organization use POP marketing, or is this concept new to them. Following tables and graphs shows the preference of respondents and also their awareness for this specific marketing tool.

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The above pie chart shows that out of the total corporate survey, 86 % of companies are aware of POP marketing and hence the graph shows that 24 out of 28 total organizations are currently using this tool. 3. Set of questions to check the worthiness of this marketing tool. This set contains 2 questions, which brings about the inclination of the companies towards POP marketing and its worthiness in terms of their own product.

The above column graph 5.2, depicts that 12 companies found in-store marketing useful for current market situations and 25% found it worth using it for their own companys product. 4. Set of questions to analyze the target audience the effective tool to reach them. This part also has three questions which bring the information about the companys target audience and the most effective marketing tool for it for e.g. danglers, pamphlets, counter tables, brochures, floor decals, etc.

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The above pie chart shows that the most effective POP tool preferred by the respondent companies are brochures (20%) followed with posters (16%) and (14%) to danglers and pamphlets. 5. Questions to check the presence of Thomson Press and competitors in current market place. This set has 3 questions and it is to check the presence of Thomson press and its competitors in the current market, this will help the company to find out the reason for loosing out the business to its competitors.

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The above pie chart shows the clear picture of only 43% companies that have availed the service of Thomson Press, i.e total 12 companies out of 28 and 7 companies out of whichhave rated the services of Thomson Press as satisfactory. The major reason behind not availing the services is being not aware of Thomson Press working in this product line. So it can be inferred that it is due to lack of good promotional strategies opted by the company to target the market. The following competitors are identified for same product line by the respondent companies, although many of them they did not to disclose this information:

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6. Feedback questions to maintain future relation ships with the companies: This is the last part and it will be mainly served as feedback for Thomson Press, it brings about the qualitative as well as the quantitative aspects of the respondent companies in terms of their printing budgets(rs) ,their requirement (units) and their valuable suggestions to improve the service Company name
Swati aluminum ltd Bajaj capital ltd

Volume(units) 10,000 Varies from month to month -

Value (rupees) 3k 2 crores

Ansal housing and construction ltd

Zuari insuarance The great india place Harvest gold industries pvt ltd way one Mother Khazani convent school Tribhovandas Bhimji zaveri W womens wear Mutual fundswala.com

5k 1.5 crore -

50 k 25000 20 8 10lcs

Variable depends upon the month

40 000 p.a

Tata Aig life insurance company ltd

Depends upon the month 500 units Not in large scale -

In lacs

The Ashok hotel Surya Roshini pvt ltd Vegit (merino industries) Vlcc health care ltd Indian oil corporation ltd The Shahnaz Husain group of companies Jaypee Hotels MMTC Godfrey Philips India ltd Essilor India ltd Nirulas Hotel

50 lcs approx 5 to 10 lcs 5000 p.m (divisional) 25 crore 7 lc p.m 61

Min 300 max 20000 5 -15 lc -

Ravi Bajaj design pvt ltd Hdfc standard life insurance company ltd Dharampal Satyapal ltd NTPC Ltd

Bulk -

Crores

Company Name Swati aluminum ltd Bajaj Capital ltd

future requirements may be req. May consider

Suggestions -

Ansal Housing and construction ltd Zuari insuarance

Surely, as soon as possible

Cost factor considered

to

be

Yes Yes Quality and service Yes Will contact requirement. Yes as per the

Cost is the crucial factor, should be on lower side. Cost and pricing Delivery on time and cost factor to be considered as per the quality. Try and get in touch.

The great India place Harvest Gold industries pvt ltd Way one Mother Khazani convent school Tribhovandas Bhimji zaveri W womens wear

Mutual fundswala.com

Yes

Tata aig life insurance company ltd The Ashok hotel Surya roshini pvt ltd

Yes

Yes Definitely yes.

Quality is good but should also be price competitive. -

Vegit (merino industries) Vlcc health care ltd

Sure Yes

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Indian oil corporation ltd The Shahnaz Husain group of companies Jaypee hotels MMTC Godfrey Philips india ltd

Yes Surely yes Yes with cost effectiveness. Yes

Balace between supply and demand -

Essilor india ltd Nirulas Ravi bajaj design pvt ltd Hdfc standard life insurance company ltd Dharampal Satyapal ltd NTPC Ltd

Send good creative ads at the time of tender No Need to improve schedules ,specially for commetcial jobs Will look upto it Yes, with best rates,printing quality and delivery on time. Will wait for the follow up. Yes Yes Be more customer oriented and customer focused

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FINDINGS AND OBSERVATIONS


In this report an effort was made to bring out the market potential for the OCJ products for Thomson Press and accordingly a corporate survey program was conducted. The results drawn after the analysis are very favorable and according to the sample taken for the survey it depicts that there is a great potential for OCJ products in the market. OCJ products are in demand, but it came out during the survey that innovation and creativity is being demanded in Corporate with price effectiveness. Not only design, but also if some new style if added to the OCJ product then it will create a great impact. Thomson Press is at advantage as it has its own design studio, where all such innovations are possible and therefore with an appropriate promotion campaign, market share in this product line can increase. There are also some shortcomings in the working process of sales force, coordination between various departments and other small works related issues. These issues can affect the company to a great deal, therefore they should be taken very seriously and drastic steps should be taken in this respect. This can also affect in losing big clients because of clients dissatisfaction. Lastly, the market for OCJ products is quite big and Thomson Press with its competitive advantage has a good opportunity to grab share from the market, the only thing needed is channelized promotion campaign with affective support and follow up from the sales team. Earlier we observed that Thomson Press is loosing great amount of business to its competitors. How can this opportunity loss be minimized? This part of the report tries to bring out some strategies to grab in more market share and also to cut down the new competitor entrants in the market.

i.

Shortcomings in the previous strategies:

Strategies that are being already followed are very much necessary but as per the changing market conditions, new and product specific approach is needed to market the product . for example ,this year, annual report mailers which are product specific are sent to all the big companies that print their instore advertisements. Further the companies were tracked regularly, so the administration activities were in alignment with the promotional activities and therefore it was a great success. This kind of approach is required in every vertical that is for every product and more important is that target market should be identified first and what values are needed to be delivered should be very specifically known and promotional activities should be aligned to highlight these values and a proper follow up is done, which is missing in the marketing strategies of the company.

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ii.

Reasons for low share in production

Time:
Corporate are mainly concerned to get their orders on right time since the shelf life of these advertisements is of few weeks to months. Also there are different departmental information like cost estimation are required before finalizing the order also the quality check procedures followed in the company take lot of time, so right inter departmental coordination is required.

Competitors: It can be inferred from the analysis, company is loosing the market to the competitors, it is mainly because they are providing the services at cheap prices compromising on quality. Moreover the corporate prefer nearby locations to avoid delay in time of service. The sector is highly unorganized, there are large number of small presses that are doing printing work. They take printing work and do it in cheap rates, certainly, the quality is not high, but they are considerably successful in persuading the customers to compromise on quality.

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Promotion: One main reason for low share of these products was that ,it was not promoted properly. No specific clients were identified and targeted. Companies have different image of Thomson Press altogether in their minds, and they dont think to afford small orders to place in such big group. So right promotional skills are required to gain the unexplored markets. Reasons for Low Market Share: The reason for having a low share in market for OCJ products can be divided into two categories first one being internal reasons and other is external reasons: Internal Issues: Product wise approach is missing to market the products. Less value creation; less marketing activities and more concentration on selling activities. Low coordination between departments within the organization.

External Issue: Small and seasonal players in the market making OCJ products. Price is high at Thomson Press as compared to market price.

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Recommendations
1.Steps to target potential customers

2) Methods to cut down the new entrants

2.1) Equalize the production load

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It is seen that there are some months that have great production loads in comparison to other months (May to October). So if approximate demand is determined OCJ products at the start of the year only, then in the months that do not have great production loads and downtime on machines is more, can be utilized in printing OCJ products. These printed products can be stored and it have two advantages: This will equalize the annual production load and also help in speedy delivery of products to the customer. It will be cost effective for the company and therefore can compete with the rates offered by small and local competitors.

3) Sales force: 3.1) Incentive scheme should be implemented specially for sales force to move them. ERP module should be adopted and followed, this will improve co-ordination not only with the company but also it will integrate customer on line through web site with the company. This will also lead to better customer satisfaction and issue of timely delivery will be solved. Employee satisfaction survey or some human resource consulting companies should be hired to have a better knowledge and needs and wants of employees and accordingly employees can be motivated. This will also lead to two things; firstly, less iteration and secondly it will align employees goals with the essential goals.

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Annexure
Copy of questionnaire

THOMSON PRESS (INDIA) Ltd Questionnaire


We hereby declare that the information provided by you will not be disclosed and will be used for legitimate purpose only. NAME OF THE COMPANY NAME OF THE PRODUCT LOCATION NAME OF THE EMPLOYEE DESIGNATION EMAIL ID/MOBILE NO ANY OTHER INFORMATION __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________

The objective of this questionnaire is to know how much your company is inclined towards point of purchase (in-store) marketing.
1. Are you currently using POP advertising for any of your product?
o o Yes No

If yes, (name/type) of your product _______________________ 2. If yes, is this the first time youre using this marketing tool? o o Yes No

3. Can POP marketing help in grasping more consumer segment? o o o Yes No To some extent.

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4. Can your product be adequately explained using POP marketing? o o Yes No

5. Who is your target audience? A. B. C. D. E. Male 18-34/and above.. Female 18-34/and above. Children.. Both (A) and (B) All of the above

6. According to you, which POP tool can be most effective for marketing your product? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Danglers Pamphlets Counter Tables Brochures Posters Floor /Ceiling Decals Paper bags Tent Cards Table Flags

7. Mention(if any) your requirements (in volume) for printing any one/more of these products ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________

8. Mention the names of your printing service provider. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 9. Have you ever availed the services of Thomson Press? o o Yes No

If yes, service delivered was: o o o o Good Satisfactory Average Poor

If not, the reason was:

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o o o o o

Cost factor Different Product line Didnt realize the need Were not aware Other, please specify ________

10 On a scale of 1 to 5 (1- lowest & 10- highest), how would you rate the following attributes of Thomson Press? o o o o Price Quality Schedule Service

11. Please mention your companys approximate printing advertising budget. ______________________________________________________________

12. What is your monthly requirement of print advertisement (in units)? ______________________________________________________ 13. What demerits do you think are there in POP marketing? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 14. Would you like to consider Thomson to serve you in future? ___________________________________________________________________ 15. Your valued suggestions to improve our quality of service _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

Date:

Signature:

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References

Books Referred:
Thomson documents Quantitative Techniques Anderson Marketing Management Philip Kotler Marketing Management Philip Kotler Excel Hacks ORelly Customer Centered Growth - G. Richard Wagoner The Future of Printing in India PIRA Knowledge Base

Websites Referred:
http://www.thomsonpress.com/ http://www.equitymaster.com/ http://www.npes.in/printers2.asp?PageNo=10 http://www.atimes.com/ind-pak/DA19Df03.html http://www.economywatch.com/world-industries/printing/ http://www.indianindustry.com/publishers/12752.html http://www.allbusiness.com/manufacturing/printing-related-support-activities/584942-1.html

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