You are on page 1of 48

Methodology of Base Line Audit

B. P. Thapliyal Central Pulp & Paper Research Institute

PAT Framework
The guiding principles for developing the PAT mechanism are Simplicity, Accountability, Transparency, Predictability, Consistency, and Adaptability. The PAT framework includes the following elements:

Methodology for setting specific energy consumption (SEC) for each DC in the baseline year Methodology for setting the target to reduce the Specific Energy Consumption (SEC) by the target year from the baseline year. The process to verify the SEC of each DC in the baseline year and in the target year by an accredited verification agency The process to issue energy savings certificates (ESCerts) to those DCs who achieve SEC lower than the specified value Trading of ESCerts Compliance and reconciliation of ESCerts Cross-sectoral use of ESCerts and their synergy with renewable energy certificates

What is the basis of fixing an energy consumption norm of a Designated Consumer?


As per Section 14(g) of EC Act, 2001 [establish and prescribe such energy consumption norms and standards for designated consumers as it may be considered necessary: provided that the central government may prescribe different norms and standards for different designated consumers having regard to such factors as may be prescribed] the central government can stipulate energy usage norms for designated consumers. BEE has earlier conducted sector specific studies through various organizations to do the situation analysis. As per the studies, the wide bandwidth of specific energy consumption (SEC) within an industrial sector is indicative of the large energy-savings potential in the sector. The wide bandwidth is also a reflection of the differences in the energy-saving possibilities amongst plants because of their varying vintage, production capacity, raw material quality, and product-mix. Such wide variation also makes it difficult to specify a single benchmark SEC for the sector as a whole:
older plants will find the benchmark impossibly high if it is set at the level of newer plants; newer plants will find it trivial if it is set at the level of older plants.

The broad bandwidth of SEC within a sector, and the inability of all plants to achieve a sectoral benchmark SEC, suggests that SEC improvement norms need to be set for individual plants. These SEC improvement targets can be based on the trend of energy consumption and energy-savings potential of the plants. In general, the higher the energy efficiency (or the lower the SEC), the lower the energy-savings potential. Thus, it is evident that it is not feasible to define a single norm/standard unless there is significant homogeneity amongst units in a sector. Therefore, the energy efficiency improvement targets would have to be almost unit specific. Each DC is mandated to reduce its SEC by a fixed percentage, based on its current SEC (or baseline SEC) within the sectoral bandwidth.

SEC Bandwidth in Different Sectors


Sector Power plant Fertilizer Cement Integrated Steel Sponge Iron Aluminum (Smelter) Aluminium (Refinery) Range of SEC 2300 3400 kcal / kwh 5.86 9.11 Gcal/T of Urea 665 900 Kcal/Kg of Clinker (Thermal) 66 127 KWH/ T (Elect) 6.15 8.18 Gcal / tcs 4.4 7.6 Gcal / T (Thermal) 72 135 KWH/T (Elect) 15875 17083 KWH/T 3.28 4.12 MKcal / T of Alumina 25.3 121 GJ/T 3000 16100 Kcal/kg (Thermal) 0.25 10 KWH/Kg (Elect) 2300 2600 kwh/ T of caustic soda

Pulp & Paper Textile


Chlor-Alkali

Establishment of Baseline SEC


(a) How is the specific energy consumption of any industry calculated? (b) How is the plant boundary defined? (c) What is the baseline SEC and base year?

The Rules of Establishing the Baseline SEC


Rule #1 : Eight industrial sectors and Railways among the 15 energy intensive sector as per EC Act, 2001 have been included in the 1st cycle of PAT. Rule #2 : Each industrial sector is divided into sub-sectors based on certain factors which are most common and prevalent. Rule #3 : The Specific Energy Consumption (SEC) is computed as the ratio of the total energy input to the total quantity of production of the DC. Rule #4 : The boundary of a DC is to be defined on a Gate-to-Gate (GtG) concept. Rule #5 : The baseline estimation of SEC will be based on historical data of individual plants as reported by the DC in the specified format.

Rule #6 : The SEC Estimation is based on application of the Gate-to-Gate (GtG) concept and the Rule for Definition of SEC. This may be defined as Reported SEC.

The Rules of Establishing the Baseline SEC


Rule #1 : Eight industrial sectors and Railways among the 15 energy intensive sector as per EC Act, 2001 have been included in the 1st cycle of PAT.

Rule #2 : Each industrial sector is divided into sub-sectors based on certain factors
which are most common and prevalent. Sector Thermal Power plant Cement Iron & Steel Fertilizer Aluminum Pulp & Paper Textile Chlor-Alkali Basis for Sub-sector Fuel Based Process Based Operation Based Feedstock Based Product Based Raw Material Based Operation Based Technology Based Sub-Sector Coal, Gas, Oil Dry, Wet Integrated, Sponge Iron Natural Gas, Naptha Refinery, Smelter Wood, Agro, RCF Spinning, Processing, Composite, Fiber yarn Membrane cell, Mercury

How is the Specific Energy Consumption of any Industry Calculated?


Rule #3 : The Specific Energy Consumption (SEC) is computed as the ratio of the total energy input to the total quantity of production of the DC. The SEC of an industry would be calculated based on Gate-to-Gate concept with the following formula.
SEC =

Total energy input to the plant boundary -------------------------------------------------------Quantity of the Product

While calculating the total energy input to the plant, all energy sources would be converted to a single unit i.e. MTOE (metric ton of oil equivalent) using standard engineering conversion formulae:
Electricity purchased from Grid: 1 kWh = 860 kcal. Solid fuel: Quantity (kg) * GCV (kcal/kg) kcal. Liquid fuel: Quantity (m3) * density (kg/m3) * GCV (kcal/kg) kcal. 1 MTOE = 107 kcal.

In this calculation, the following would be considered :


All forms of energy (Electricity, Solid fuel, Liquid fuel, Gaseous fuel, byproducts used as fuel etc.) which are actually consumed for production of output should be considered. Energy consumed in colony and for outside transportation system should not be accounted. Energy used through renewable energy sources should not be accounted.

Any energy consumed for major construction work would not be accounted as this is not meant for producing the product. Quantity of such energy should be separated out from total energy consumption.

The definition of product for various sectors has been shown below for the purpose of calculating SEC. This has been arrived at considering the typical practice of defining SEC and consistency in product output. Sector Main Product Unit Cement Cement Tonnes Fertilizer Urea Tonnes Iron & Steel (Integrated) Crude Steel Tonnes Iron & Steel (Sponge Iron) Sponge Iron Tonnes Aluminium (Refinery) Alumina Tonnes Aluminium (Smelter) Molten Aluminium Tonnes Aluminium (Integrated) Molten Aluminium Tonnes Paper (Pulping) Pulp Tonnes Paper (Paper Making) Paper Tonnes Paper (Pulp & Paper) Paper Tonnes Textile (Spinning) Textile (Composite) kg Textile (Processing) Fabric kg

Definition of Product - The Product is the key Parameter.

Rule #4 : The boundary of a DC is to be defined on a Gate-toGate (GtG) concept.


The plant boundary would be selected such that the total energy input and the above defined product output will be fully captured. Typically it is the entire plant excluding colony, residential complex and transportation system. Similarly, mining operations in case of Iron & Steel, Aluminium and Cement sector are not part of plant boundary. Once the plant boundary has been fixed, the same boundary should be considered for entire PAT cycle. Ideally, plant boundary should not change during the entire cycle.

Pulp & Paper


Chem Rec Bleach plant Utilities

Chem Rec Bleach plant

Utilities Pulp Drying

Utilities

Pulper, Cleaners , DIP,

Rule #5 : The baseline estimation of SEC will be based on historical data of individual plants as reported by the DC in the specified format.
The base line SEC would be calculated based on the following procedure: All DCs would submit the details of production and annual energy consumption since 2005-6 to 2009-10 through a notified form which is a mandatory as per EC Act, 2001. Few additional sector specific information like process technology, process flow, raw material, product mix etc. would also be collected. The SEC calculated from step(a) would be the Reported SEC by the DC. As there may be various variable factors which affect the energy consumption significantly, some Normalization Factors would be considered. It is proposed to consider the capacity utilization as one of the most important parameter to have a normalization factor. However, the rationale for developing the normalization factors is underway by suitable agencies through a scientific manner. Now the reported SEC will be normalized after incorporating the normalization factor. Normalized SEC = f ( Reported SEC , Normalization factors) The base line SEC will be estimated by taking the average normalized SEC of last 3 years i.e. 2007-8, 2008-9, 2009-10. The base year may be defined as 2009-10. The base line SEC for each DC is expected to be fixed by January 2011.

In the context of PAT, it is proposed to collect data as specified in Form 1 under the provisions of the Energy Conservation Act 2001. As it was felt that the information may not be sufficient, an additional annexure has been designed (also provided for reference in Form 1). As per the EC Act, it has been mandatory for all industrial consumers to file annual energy consumption returns from 2005-06. As a result, it is proposed to collect the above data for five years up to 2009-10. The following items of data relating to energy consumption and production are to be collected based on the specified format:
1. Installed capacity 2. Actual quantity of production 3. Electricity purchased from grid 4. Electricity sold to the grid or other facility 5. In house generation of electricity by CPP/DG sets/Co-Generation 6. All solid fuels used 7. All liquid fuels used 8. All gaseous fuels used 9. All recovered energy from process [byproducts etc.,]

Rule #6 : The SEC Estimation is based on application of the Gate-to-Gate (GtG) concept and the Rule for Definition of SEC. This may be defined as Reported SEC. CASE -I : All Energy Purchased and Consumed
Electricity (KWH)

Electricity is purchased from the Grid

FO (Liter) Product (Kg) NG (SCM) Coal (KG)

PROCESS

Others (KG or Ltr)

Total Energy Consumption (Etotal) = [Elect x 860 + FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal Total Electrical Energy Consumption (ELtotal) = Electricity KWH

Total Thermal Energy Consumption (THtotal) = [FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal Gate to-Gate SEC = [Etotal /kg of product] Kcal/kg

CASE -II : Electricity Partially Generated by DG Sets, other Energy Purchased and Consumed
Electricity is purchased from the Grid & generated by DG set

Electricity (KWH) FO (Liter) NG (SCM) Coal (KG) Others (KG or Ltr)

A (Ltr)

DG Set

X ( kwh) SFC (kwh/ltr)

Product (Kg)

Process

Total Energy Consumption (Etotal) = [Elect x 860 + A x GCVa + FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal Total Electrical Energy Consumption (ELtotal) = (Purchased Electricity + X) KWH Total Thermal Energy Consumption (THtotal) = [(FO-A) x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal

Gate to-Gate SEC = [Etotal /kg of product]

Kcal/kg

CASE -III : Electricity Generated by CPP, other Energy Purchased & Consumed, Electricity partially sold to grid
Electricity is generated by Coal Based CPP, partially sold to grid
Y (KWH) to Grid

A (KG) Coal (KG) NG (SCM) FO (Ltr) Process Others (KG or Ltr) CPP

X ( kwh) Product (Kg)

Heat Rate (Kcal/Kwh)

If X is known and A is known, Heat Rate (HR) = [( A x GCVcoal ) / X] Kcal/kwh If A is known X = [( A x GCVcoal ) / HR ] kwh where HR = Avg. Plant Heat Rate If X is known A =[ ( X * HR)/ GCVcoal] KG where HR= Avg. Plant Heat Rate * If plant HR is not available, then National Avg. HR i.e. 2717 Kcal/kg may be considered * The total electricity consumption also includes the auxiliary power consumption of CPP Total Energy Consumption (Etotal) = [FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal Total Electrical Energy Consumption (ELtotal) = (X - Y) KWH Total Thermal Energy Consumption (THtotal) = [FO x GCVfo + (Coal-A) x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal Gate to-Gate SEC = [Etotal /kg of product] Kcal/kg

CASE -IV : Electricity Generated by CPP, other Energy Purchased & Consumed, Electricity partially sold to grid from CPP.
Electricity is generated by Coal Based CPP, partially sold to grid. CPP is in separate Boundary

B
Coal (KG)

G (KWH)

CPP

Y (KWH) to Grid

Others (KG or Ltr)

Aux P (a%)

X (KWH)

FO (Liter) NG (SCM) Coal (KG)

A
PROCESS
Product (Kg)

Others (KG or Ltr)

Here, in case of two separate boundaries, two different Norms / Targets to be established For the Production Plant Boundary (A):
Total Energy Consumption (Etotal) = [X *860 + FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal
Total Electrical Energy Consumption (ELtotal) = X kwh Total Thermal Energy Consumption (THtotal) = [FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal Gate to-Gate SEC = [Etotal /kg of product] Kcal/kg

For the Captive Power Plant Boundary (B):

Here, the target setting criteria of Power Plant should be adopted which is based on Net Heat R

Total Energy Consumption (Etotal) = [FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + Others x GCVeach] Kcal Total Electrical Energy Consumption (ELtotal) = ( G ) x (a/100) kwh Gate to-Gate SEC ( i.e Net Heat Rate) = Etotal / (G - ELtotal) Kcal / kwh

CASE -V : Energy Purchased & Consumed, Electricity & Heat partially Generated through Co-Gen plant
Electricity & Heat are generated by Co-Gen Plant
Elect (KWH) A (KG) X ( kwh) CoGen Y (Kcal) Plant Eff. (%) Process Others (KG or Ltr) Product (Kg)

Coal (KG) NG (SCM)


FO (Ltr)

Total Electrical Energy Consumption (ELtotal) = (Elect + X) KWH Total Energy Consumption (Etotal) = [Elect x 860 +FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal Total Thermal Energy Consumption (THtotal) = [FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach + Y] Kcal Gate to-Gate SEC = [Etotal /kg of product] Kcal/kg

CASE -VI : Energy Purchased & Consumed, Heat energy partially met by waste / by-product of the Process
Elect (KWH) Coal (KG) NG (SCM) FO (Ltr) Others (KG or Ltr)

PROCESS
Product (Kg)

Z Kcal

By-Product (X KG)

Heat Content of By-Product = Y Kcal / Kg So, Energy Available Z = X * Y Kcal

Total Energy Consumption (Etotal) = [Elect x 860 +FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach] Kcal Total Electrical Energy Consumption (ELtotal) = (Elect) KWH Total Thermal Energy Consumption (THtotal) = [FO x GCVfo + Coal x GCVcoal + NG x GCVng + Others x GCVeach + Z] Kcal Gate to-Gate SEC = [Etotal /kg of product] Kcal/kg

Rule #6 : The SEC will be normalized, during baseline and target periods, based on a statistical procedures. Although there may be multiple factors that affect energy consumption, it is suggested that only the Capacity Utilization may be considered for Normalization as this is likely to vary in every year as a result of many factors such as : The Normalization procedure is proposed to be applied if the Capacity Utilization (CU) or Plant Load Factor (PLF) has a deviation of more than 30% (and considered by BEE after a study of the inputs from the technical expert committees) in any of the last three years when compared to the average CU of the historic data provided. It will be applied only if CU has deviated due to uncontrollable factors which will be declared by the DC.

The factors for which Normalization is proposed to be applied are: Natural disaster Rioting or Social Unrest Acute shortage of raw material Major change in government policy

The Normalization procedure is depicted and comprises the following steps:


Calculate the annual SEC for the last 3 years. Calculate the capacity utilization (CU) for the same period. The average CU is also computed for the same period.

The SEC for a specific year will be Normalized if:


If the deviation of the CU in that year is greater than 30% and If the deviation of the SEC is more than 5% for that year, and If production operations did not begin in that specific year, and If capacity did not increase more than 10% as compared to the previous year.

This Normalization will be done by performing a statistical analysis of the SEC and production data:
Plotting the Production versus Energy Consumption curves. Performing statistical analysis to represent the relationship between the production and energy consumption. Extrapolating the above relationship to generate CU versus energy consumption and CU versus SEC data for a suitable range of CU values. The average CU will be used to identify the corresponding SEC value from the above table. The normalized SEC will be the value as computed in the previous step. Above Normalization process will be repeated for each year that the CU has deviated greater than 30% from the average over the last 3 years. The above calculation will result in the Normalized SEC for the DC.

Rule #7 : The baseline SEC estimation will be the simple arithmetic average of the SEC of the last three years. The base year will be defined as 2009-10.

Summary of Steps of Establishing Baseline SEC

REPORTED SEC (from Mandatory Reporting)

Normalized SEC (from Statistical Analysis)

BASELINE SEC

METHODOLOGY FOR TARGET SETTING


General Principles of Target Setting 1. Industry Focused: This principle indicates that the overall target setting process utilize various scientific methods and logical techniques that are widely used and in general usage in similar situations in policy formulation for industrial technical assessments. 2. M&V Compliant: This principle requires that the overall target setting process be designed in such technical terms so as to be readily amenable to effective and fair Measurement & Verification (M&V) practices by the M&V infrastructure that will be put in place. 3. Pro-rata Approach: The national energy saving objective will be apportioned to various components of the industry using a pro-rata approach. This means that in general, a sector or cluster which consumes more energy shall be apportioned a larger portion of the energy saving estimate. 4. Percentage SEC Reduction: The targets assigned to each DC shall be a percentage reduction with respect to its current estimated Baseline SEC.

METHODOLOGY FOR TARGET SETTING


General Principles of Target Setting 5. Independent Targets: Each DC shall be assigned independent targets expressed as a percentage reduction with respect to its current estimated Baseline SEC. This reinforces the principle that a plant or DC is essentially working to improve energy efficiency with respect to itself. 6. Differential Targets: This principle states that more inefficient plants shall be assigned higher targets or larger percentage reductions with respect to their current estimated Baseline SEC. This principle also incorporates the general industry feedback that early movers should be recognized. The more efficient plants or DCs shall be assigned smaller targets or smaller percentage reductions with respect to their current estimated Baseline SEC. 7. SEC Captures Plant Variations This principle states that the current estimated Baseline SEC, the historic SEC data and SEC analysis of a DC, captures various characteristics and static and dynamic effects of the various plant specific parameters that may be unique to that particular plant or DC.

8. Relative SEC Index based targets: This principle states that the targets that are assigned to a DC shall be based on the Relative SEC Index of that DC. This principle also implies the natural principle that more inefficient plants shall be assigned larger targets expressed as a percentage reduction with respect to their current estimated Baseline SEC. 9. Targets for TPP and Fertilizer Plants In the case of thermal power plants and fertilizer plants, the targets for SEC decrease are to be aligned with the existing tariff-setting context. In the case of thermal power plants, the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) and in the fertilizer sector, the Department of Fertilizers are in the process of integrating these targets in their respective tariff setting exercise.

Rule #1 : The total estimated energy savings will be apportioned and disaggregated for sectors based on the pro-rata approach in the same ratio as their relative energy consumption in the baseline year.
Energy Consumption (mMTOE) 1 2 3 4 Power (Thermal) Iron & Steel Cement Fertilizers 160.30 36.08 14.47 11.95 Share of Consumption (%) 66.64% 15.00% 6.02% 4.97% Apportioned Energy reduction Target (mMTOE) 6.66 1.50 0.60 0.50

SN

Sector

5
6 7 8 9 Total

Railways (Approx.)
Textile (Approx.) Aluminium Paper & pulp Chlor-Alkali

9.00
4.50 2.42 1.38 0.43 240.53

3.74%
1.87% 1.01% 0.57% 0.18% 100.00%

0.37
0.19 0.10 0.06 0.02 10.00

SN

Sector

Energy Consumption (mMTOE)

Share of Consumption (%)

Apportioned Energy reduction Target (mMTOE)

1
2 3 4 5

Power (Thermal)
Iron & Steel Cement Fertilizers Railways (Approx.)

160.30
36.08 14.47 11.95 9.00

66.64%
15.00% 6.02% 4.97% 3.74%

6.66
1.50 0.60 0.50 0.37

6
7 8 9

Textile (Approx.)
Aluminium Paper & pulp Chlor-Alkali

4.50
2.42 1.38 0.43

1.87%
1.01% 0.57% 0.18%

0.19
0.10 0.06 0.02

Total

240.53
National Target (10 mMTOE)

100.00%

10.00

SECTORS

DC

Target Setting
The overall target reduction of 10 mMTOE would be apportioned amongst the sectors in proportion to their relative energy use to ensure that the sectoral reduction is equal, in percentage terms, to the percentage of the energy consumption of all covered plants in a sector to the overall energy consumption of all covered plants. The next level of allocation of reduction target would correspond to the disaggregation of the sectoral reduction target to each plant within the sector. Given the diversity of plant configurations within a sector, and of plant vintages, it is being proposed to apply gate-to-gate approach for each plant. The target SEC would need to be achieved over a 3 year period commencing from

1st April, 2011. The targeted improvement in energy efficiency would be a


percentage improvement over its base line SEC.

The methodology is based on the expectation that all DCs


would reduce their SEC, the less energy-efficient DCs in a sector being required to achieve a greater reduction in their SEC than the more energy-efficient DCs in the same sector.

The SEC targets will be fixed as per a statistical analysis


followed by stakeholder consultation in each designated sector.

Application of this methodology would entail the following allocations to various sectors, given that the overall goal of energy consumption reduction under the PAT scheme is expected to be 10 mMTOE.
SN Sector Energy Consumption (mMTOE) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Power Plant (Thermal) Iron & Steel Cement Fertilizers Textile (Approximated) Aluminium Pulp & paper Chlor-Alkali Total 160.30 36.08 14.47 11.95 4.50 2.42 1.38 0.43 231.6 Share of Consumption (%) 69.24% 15.58% 6.25% 5.16% 1.94% 1.05% 0.60% 0.19% 100.00% Apportioned Energy reduction (mMTOE) 6.92 1.56 0.60 0.51 0.20 0.11 0.06 0.02 10.00 146 101 83 23 128 11 51 20 563 No. of Probable DCs

The further apportionment of targeted energy saving would be upto the level of sub-sector as described earlier. Example: Target Setting of 51 Pulp & Paper plants (Illustrative)
Total Consumption Share of % (51 plants) Share of Saving from Pulp & paper 175827 X X
=

= =
= =

1.38 mMtoe 0.60 % 138000 Mtoe


138000

Mtoe

0.785

Example : Pulp & paper Sector Plant Reference Prodn. In Base Year Baseline SEC Target Target SEC Target Energy Saving P-10 156254 750 3.22 725.6 3812.6 Tonne KgOE/t % kgOE/t MTOE (From Baseline Analysis) (From Baseline Analysis) (From Statistical Analysis) (Calculated) (Calculated)

Scenario#1 (Over-Achieved) SEC in the Target Year % reduction Estimated Energy Saving Extra Energy Saved Value of escerts for issuance Scenario#2 (Under-Achieved) SEC in the Target Year % reduction Estimated Energy Saving Shortfall in Energy Saving Equivalent Monetary Value Compliance (Say 80% by)

720 4.0 4687.6 875.0 875.0 X

kgOE/t % MTOE MTOE INR

(Assumed) (Calculated)

(@ X INR per MTOE)

735 2.0 2343.8 1466.5 1468.8 X

kgOE/t % MTOE MTOE

(Assumed) (Calculated)

Purchase of Ecerts 1175.0 Monetary Value (A) 1175.0 X Paying Penalty for Upfront penalty Non-compliance Penalty Total Penalty Value(B) 293.8 1000000 293.8 X 1000000+293.8 X

MTOE INR MTOE INR INR INR INR (Calculated) (As per Act)

(Rest 20% by)

Total Monetary Implications to DC A + B

MoP

BEE Market Regulator & Administrator


Any Baselines Improvement Any Baselines Improvement
Apply for Empanelment Apply for ESCerts through PAT Assessment Document (PAD) Issuance of EScerts

Updated list of DCs and DENA

E-filing PAD Information

Audited Result of DCs

SDA

Regular updates

DENA

Audit

Designated Consumers (DCs)

Regular Checks & Levy Penalties in case of defaults ESCerts Trading Updated ESCerts Account Info Updated Obligation of DCs: Deficit or Surplus

Central Registry
Settlement Details

Trading Exchange

2 Target setting 6 Annual Redemption of ESCerts

Scheme Administrator

Information Exchange (compliance reports) State Designated Agency

1 Appointment & empanelment Energy Auditors

7 Decide & Levy penalty Designated Consumers (DC)

Information Exchange (instruction to monitor transactions) Designated Energy Auditor (DENA)

4 Monitoring, verification & reporting Issue ESCerts & record transactions of Obligatons and ESCerts 5 ESCerts Trading 3 Obligations Trading

Registry/ Depository

Power Exchange

Information Exchange (trade data)

Designated Energy Auditor (DENA) FIRM or COMPANY or ASSOCIATIONS Qualification (Qualifications for accreditation of DENA is under process): Should be a firm/company registered/incorporated in India. Should have at least 3 certified energy auditors or organization/sectoral associations having more than 3 personnel with more than 10 years of experience in particular designated energy intensive industrial sector (however, association should have 3 certified energy auditors within stipulated time). Should have conducted at least 3 energy audit, in the particular designated energy intensive industrial sector, in last 5 years. Should have energy auditing instruments

Role of DENA
DENA have been proposed for the various activities under PAT (Perform, Achieve & Trade) like
Baseline data collection Baseline Energy Audit Monitoring & Verification And other PAT related activities

Definition & Objectives of Energy Management


The judicious and effective use of energy to maximize profits (minimize costs) and enhance competitive positions (Cape Hart, Turner and Kennedy, Guide to Energy Management

Fairmont press inc. 1997)


The strategy of adjusting and optimizing energy, using systems and procedures so as to reduce energy requirements per unit of output while holding constant or reducing total costs of producing the output from these systems

Cont.

Wood Based Mill


Wood Based Mill
Hard wood / Bamboo Based BaseLine Year Production SEC Avg 1.406436 1.617833

Name of The Mill Mill 1

Year 09-10 08-09

Produ. 81181 81231 125404 110176 52751 53589 65132 75628 137741 134383 132500 173638 173682 169891 91126 92298

MTOE/t 1.406436 1.829229 3.151077 3.406545 1.557439 9.891844 9.686444 9.761914 1.792365 1.872977 1.873021 1.714384 1.594088 1.576816 2.686274 2.677864

Saving Pot.(%) 13.06665882

SEC Saving 0.130666588

Target MTOE/t 1.2227

Mill 2

09-10 08-09 07-08

3.151077

3.278811

52.49987643

0.524998764

1.4968

Mill 3

09-10 08-09 07-08

9.891844

9.780067

0.957286751

0.009572868

9.7972

Mill 4

09-10 08-09 07-08

1.792365

1.846121

2.911829114

0.029118291

1.7402

Mill 5

09-10 08-09 07-08

1.714384

1.628429

3.169517696

0.031695177

1.6600

Mill 6

09-10 08-09

2.686274

2.682069

0.156796768

0.001567968

2.6821

Cont

Hardwood Based Mill 7 09-10 08-09 07-08 254903 245008 245471 2.66844 2.79788 2.854252 2.66844 2.773524 3.78883037 0.037888304 2.5673

Mill 8

09-10
08-09 07-08

264086
247032 245777 117989

2.401463
2.13696 1.910318 1.792518

2.401463

2.14958

11.13065603

0.11130656

2.1342

Mill 9

09-10 08-09

1.792518

1.757865

2.112097868

0.021120979

1.7547

119779 1.76034

07-08
Bamboo Based Mill 10 Mill 11 09-10 09-10 08-09 07-08 Market Based Mills Mill 12 09-10

124312 1.720737

110000 1.947123 60312 1.84428 65012 1.686965 96621 1.63832

1.947123 1.84428

NA 1.723188 4.925079799 0.049250798 1.7534

28230

1.889857

1.889857

0.629952 NA

Wood/RCF Producing Newsprint Mill 13 09-10 08-09 07-08 100546 108005 116111 0.96059 0.916788 0.855047 0.96059 0.910808 6.122197346 0.061221973 0.9018

Agro Based Mills


Year Mill 1 09-10 08-09 Prod. 60553 54277 MTOE/t 1.219011 1.049456 BaseLine Year Production 1.219011 SEC Avg 1.134234 Saving Pot.(%) 7.47442174 SEC Saving 0.074744 Target MTOE/t 1.127897185

Mill 2

09-10 08-09 07-08

54583 56535 53670 34729 34022

1.745113 2.341094 2.329995 0.724047 0.734377

1.745113

2.138734

18.4043862

0.184044

1.423935796

Mill 3

09-10 08-09

0.724047

0.691407

10.9356242

0.109356

0.644867549

07-08
Mill 4 09-10 08-09 07-08 Mill 5 09-10

33796
123639 67302 40832 34675

0.615797
1.144931 2.118952 0.281658 2.098814 2.098814 2.049406 10.7757037 0.107757 1.872652397 1.144931 1.181847 76.1680092 0.76168 0.272859739

08-09
07-08 Mill 6 09-10 08-09

35770
34675 40312 44212

2.220836
1.828568 3.681669 2.475228 3.681669 3.078448 19.5949601 0.19595 2.960247363

Cont.

Agro/RCF Mill 7 09-10 08-09 07-08 60404 61469 40108 1.464446 1.336607 2.001645 1.464446 1.600899 76.5989172 0.765989 0.342696134

Mill 8

09-10

14838.14

0.825739

0.825739

0.462515

0.825738806

Mill 9

09-10
08-09 07-08

79485
79005 64472 48879.01 54553.58

0.561807
0.583952 0.613882 0.37049 0.247354

0.561807

0.586547

4.21797137

0.04218

0.538109667

Mill 10

09-10 08-09

0.37049

0.308922

19.9299028

0.199299

0.296651368

Mill 11

09-10 08-09 07-08

16641 15021 16087

1.352799 1.412516 1.479312

1.352799

1.414875

4.38744171

0.043874

1.293445264

Mill 12

09-10 08-09 07-08

27366 23995 23905

0.41196 0.623084 0.642784

0.41196

0.559276

26.3405184

0.263405

0.303447322

RCF Based Mills


RCF Based Mills YEAR Prod. MTOE/t BaseLine Year Production SEC Avg Saving Pot.(%) SEC Saving Target MTOE/t

Mill 1

09-10 08-09 07-08

13129 14364 14893 41683 48894 42375 41776 48775.5 46000.9 48627.9 43815 41386 17726.58 14645.43 25960 22825

0.270268 0.344199 0.253884 0.315778 0.316825 0.156593 0.182054 0.088371 0.093511 0.383172 0.398638 0.233785 0.721659 0.834694 0.560019 0.608743

0.27026777

0.28945

12.2875317

0.122875

0.237058532

Mill 2

09-10 08-09

0.31577762

0.316301

0.16554296

0.001655

0.315254869

Mill 3

09-10 08-09

0.15659257

0.169323

7.51870242

0.075187

0.144818837

Mill 4

09-10 08-09

0.08837056

0.090941

2.82612596

0.028261

0.085873101

Mill 5

09-10 08-09 07-08

0.38317221

0.338532

30.9414202

0.309414

0.264613288

Mill 6

09-10 08-09

0.72165868

0.778176

7.26281117

0.072628

0.669245969

Mill 7

09-10 08-09

0.56001864

0.56647

6.32361248

0.063236

0.524605235

07-08
Mill 8 Mill 9 09-10 09-10 08-09 Mill 10 09-10 08-09 07-08

15546
96186 11796 12717 125415 119655 66725

0.530649
0.444642 0.536187 0.471596 0.759691 0.826931 0.999826 0.75969081 0.86215 11.8841047 0.118841 0.669408359 0.53618694 0.503892 0.536186945

Cont.

Mill 11

09-10 08-09 07-08

248515 154902 125677 28425 44715 51425 3480 2934 3266 33000 21159 16563 15038 29420 26986 22681 22166 18686 15061 105296 125021 139501

1.176226 1.315208 1.349 1.033077 0.992647 0.990096 0.245212 0.248759 0.248495 0.448606 1.153993 1.245976 1.014419 0.353339 0.815248 0.767568 0.349105 0.402018 0.442347 0.621689 0.544321 0.565959

1.17622618

1.280145

8.11770995

0.081177

1.080743554

Mill 12

09-10 08-09 07-08

1.03307652

1.005273

1.50973114

0.015097

1.017479839

Mill 13

09-10 08-09 07-08

0.24521207

0.247489

0.91986106

0.009199

0.242956459

Mill 14 Mill 15

09-10 09-10 08-09 07-08

1.15399319

1.13813

10.8695952

0.108696

1.028558805

Mill 16

09-10 08-09 07-08

0.35333855

0.645385

45.2515009

0.452515

0.19344755

Mill 17

09-10 08-09 07-08

0.34910512

0.397823

12.2462001

0.122462

0.306353009

Mill 18

09-10 08-09 07-08

0.62168917

1.354663

0.621689169