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Core Products

M a n u a l

Manufacturers and Installers of:

Flooring Heavy Duty Gratings Walkways Staircases Platforms ladders Duct Covers Ball Type Handrail Systems Flush Welded Handrail Systems architectural Balustrades Screens access Covers Component Fabrication in Mild Steel Stainless Steel aluminium & GRP

Steelway Fensecure has displayed for over eighty years the expertise for design, manufacture and installation of our specialised equipment. We offer our customers the assurance of equipment complying with relevant British Standards, Code of Practice and Building Regulations backed up by quality assurance control in our works. architects, engineers and others now have the benefit of our experience brought together in this Catalogue of products engineered by Steelway Fensecure. Guidance will readily be given by our Engineers for the specification and type of Steelway Fensecure equipment most suitable for your project. This help is available from the outset when the initial plans are being drawn up. It will prove invaluable to the architect, Engineer and Draughtsman alike. Steelway Fensecure are frequently asked, not only to manufacture and supply equipment, but also to assemble and erect installations on site. Experienced teams of Steelway erectors undertake this work, controlled from the Wolverhampton works, they operate in all parts of the u.K. mainland. In the interest of quality and customer service, we pursue a policy of continuous product development and reserve the right to modify product designs without notice. Due to the limitations of space we have not been able to illustrate our complete product range. Please enquire if you do not find the products that fulfil your requirements - we may still be able to help you. We feel that our growing number of customers reflect the confidence they have in us to provide the products and service they require. We offer: Free advice. Free Preliminary Surveys.* Free estimates and specification. Drawings for approval prior to manufacture. Full manufacturing facilities. On site assembly and erection service.* * u.K. only.

Queensgate Works, Bilston Road, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV2 2nJ Tel: 01902 451733 Fax: 01902 452256 Email:




Open Type Flooring - Diamond Pattern

1. Adjustable fixing clip, Type, FC2, can be used with all depths of Steelway flooring listed on page 2 and will secure panels to almost any support. Two clip assemblies are provided with each panel when required. Fix to straight bars.

2. Steelway mild steel diamond pattern open mesh flooring of all welded construction.

3. Straight bar (load bearing bars).

4. Pressed bar, acts as spacer and transmits localised loads to adjacent load-bearing bars.

M8 Hex. Bolt


5. Strong stich welded joints.

Top clip 3mm thick material 2mm Thick clip plate pressing Nut


6. Nosing bar (binding bar) 5mm thick flat bar welded along the span edge of all panels. Nosing bars are not intended to be load bearing.

Type 'FC2' clip assembly if ordered as a separate item, please state flooring type ref


7. Every fourth or fifth straight bar and the edge bars are strongly welded to the nosing bars.

Adjustable clip Edge bar Steel stamped location mark on nosing bar (span edge of panel)

8. Erection marks are steel stamped in the centre of nosing bars - see drawing below.

Available in Mild Steel Stainless Steel Aluminium

Correct (Right)

Incorrect (Wrong) Ends of Load Bearing Bars are not supported

Unless otherwise specified, mild steel flooring will be given one coat of black paint, suitable only for internal dry conditions. A galvanised finish is required for external or damp conditions

Span or direction of Straight Bearing Bar (length of panel)

Width of panel

Safe Load Tables for Mild Steel Diamond Pattern Flooring

Depth of flooring in mm and Type Ref. 20 FL20L 25 FL25L 25 FL25H 35 FL35L 35 FL35H 40 FL40H 45 FL45H 50 FL50H Straight Mass bar and in 2 (pressed bar) Kgs/m 20 x 3 (20 x 3) 25 x 3 (20 x 3) 25 x 5 (20 x 3) 35 x 3 (25 x 3) 35 x 5 (25 x 3) 40 x 5 (25 x 3) 45 x 5 (25 x 3) 50 x 5 (25 x 3) 28.8 32.4 41.0 43.1 55.2 60.8 66.3 71.8 Tabulated loads (UDL) in kN per m for spans in metres 0.6 20.5 32.5 48.1 61.6 92.2 118 147 180 0.7 14.9 23.9 35.3 45.3 67.7 86.6 108 132 0.8 10.0 18.3 27.0 34.7 51.9 66.3 82.7 101 0.9 7.0 13.5 20.1 27.4 41.0 52.4 65.4 79.9 1.0 5.1 9.8 14.7 22.2 33.2 42.5 53.0 64.7 1.2 3.3 5.7 8.5 15.0 22.7 29.5 36.8 44.9 3.6 5.4 9.4 14.3 20.9 27.0 33.0 2.3 3.6 6.3 9.6 14.0 19.7 25.3 1.4 1.6 1.8





Tabulated Load are calculated to a maximum stress 2 of 140N/mm

2.0 4.4 6.7 9.8 13.8 18.8 1.0 2.2 4.9 7.2 10.1 13.7 1.2 2.0 4.9 6.9 9.4 1.0 1.9 4.9 6.6

Deflection limited to span/200 or 10mm whichever is lesser. Loads shown to the right of the thick blue line are below 5 kN/m the minimum design requirements of BS.4592. Note: We also manufacture open type flooring of a similar pattern constructed from aluminium. For safe loads on aluminium flooring multiply tabular loads by 0.35. 1 kN/m = 101.9718 kg f/m2 = 20.8854 Ib f/ft2.
2 2

TYPE FLS OPEN TYPE FLOORING with serrated edge.

TYPE FLP OPEN TYPE FLOORING with integral solid floor plate.

TYPE FLS Steelway Type FLS serrated flooring is available ranging in depths from 25mm (Type FLS 25) up to 50mm Type FLS 50).Pressed spacer bars have a serrated edge providing extra grip for the user on the walking surface. Serrated flooring, apart from the serrated surface, is supplied in panels of similar specification to our standards Type FL flooring.

TYPE FLP Type FLP flooring has a solid surface of 4.5mm thick non-slip Durbar pattern plate or alternatively plain surface plate as preferred, welded to the top face of type FL open flooring. Type FLP covers may be used alongside type FL or FLS flooring of matching depth, without a trip, to provide a virtually sealed floor area over machinery or other sensitive equipment, whilst retaining the advantage of open type flooring in other areas. This type of cover also provides better distribution of highly concentrated point loads across a panel without the usual distortion.

Covers can be supplied in a range of depths from 30mm (FLP 30) to 55mm FLP 55). For particularly slippery conditions a carborundum surface finish for solid covers is available. FLP floor covers and open type flooring panels have been used extensively for raised flooring systems, thus allowing easy access to services below should the need arise. Example: FLP 30 is FL 25 + 4.5mm plate cover.

Safe Load Tables for Concentrated Loads

On Mild Steel Diamond Pattern heavy duty open type covers subject to loads applied by slow moving road vehicles with pneumatic tyres. Where covers are subject to other types of usage e.g. Fork Lift Trucks etc. a specific enquiry should be made.

Depth of Section and Type Ref. 35 FL35H 50 FL50H 65 FL65H6 65 FL65H8 80 FL80H6 80 FL80H8 80 FL80H10 100 FL100H8 100 FL100H10 100 FL100H12

Average Mass in 2 Kgs/m 55.2 71.8 114 137 135 163 190 215 246 276

Tabulated Point Loads (Concentrated on Min. Area of 200 x 200mm) in kN for Spans in Metres 0.6 9.87 19.2 38.5 48.1 57.2 71.7 85.0 109 129 147 0.75 7.90 15.4 30.8 38.5 45.7 57.4 68.0 87.4 103 118 0.9 6.58 12.8 25.7 32.1 38.1 47.8 57.6 72.9 86.1 98.3 1.0 5.92 11.5 23.1 28.8 34.3 43.1 51.0 65.6 77.5 88.4 1.25 4.74 9.24 18.5 23.1 27.4 34.4 40.8 52.5 62.0 70.7 1.5 3.33 7.70 15.4 19.2 22.9 28.7 34.0 43.7 51.7 58.9 1.75 2.45 6.60 13.2 16.5 19.6 24.6 29.1 37.5 44.3 50.5 2.0 1.88 5.19 11.5 14.4 17.1 21.5 25.5 32.8 38.8 44.2

Mild Steel Angle Curb

For straight runs of duct we supply standard 3m lengths of curb. Make-up lengths are provided to obtain the correct overall length, these are marked for identification on site. Each angle curb is provided with joint plates and countersunk bolts to assist installation on site. Lugs are welded on at approximately 900mm centres and at approximately 150mm from each end. It is preferable, though not essential, for customers to provide a layout showing all ducts where it is proposed to have floor covers and curbing: this will allow us to provide you with drawings for your approval showing the most economical arrangement.

Type Code FLC 20 FLC 25 FLC 35 FLC 40 FLC 45 FLC 50 Mild Steel

ANGLE CURB TYPE CODE AND SIZES Fl.Depth Clearance Bearing Min. Rebate 'D' 'E' 'A' 'B' 'C' 20 8 32 100 60 25 10 50 120 65 35 10 30 100 80 40 11 34 110 90 45 11 39 110 100 50 16 44 120 110 Aluminium Stainless Steel 3

Rectangular Pattern Mild Steel Open Type Flooring

Our rectangular pattern open steel grating provides the structural benefits of strength, light weight and good stability, constructed from mild steel, load bearing and twisted transverse bars are joined together by the forge welding process to produce a grating which complies with the requirements of BS4592 Part 1 and is suitable for many industrial applications.
Load Bearing Bar A longitudinal load carrying member of uniform section spanning between supports. Transverse Bar A member fixed at right angles to the load bearing bars to provide lateral restraint. Binding Bar A bar or section, of at least equal thickness to the load bearing bars, fixed to the edge of a panel, flush with the top of the load bearing bars. Pitch The distance centre-to-centre of load bearing bars or centre-tocentre of transverse bars. Depth Overall depth of load bearing bars Length (Span) The overall dimension of a flooring panel measured in a direction parallel with the load bearing bars. This dimension is always referred to as length even if it is shorter than the width. Width The overall dimension of a flooring panel measured in a direction at right angles to the load bearing bars. This dimension is always referred to as width even if it exceeds the length. Effective Span The clear span between supports.

Standard Range Rectangular Pattern

Four types of standard pattern gratings are readily available. They are designated by the pitch (centre spacing) in mms of the load bearing and transverse bars.
Type 41/100 Load bearing bars at 41mm centre Transervse bars at 100mm centres

Stock Panels These can be supplied in nominal 6m lengths by 1m wide. Non Standard Patterns In addition to the standard range, other patterns with different pitches can be supplied subject to availability. Please enquire if you have a specific requirement outside the standard range. Plain and Serrated Load Bearing Bars Our standard range of gratings with the special transverse twisted bar provide better than average slip resistance. Where oily or icy conditions are likely to be prevalent, then gratings with serrated edge load bearing bars can be supplied for improved grip. Standard Finishes Self colour, painted black or galvanised to BSENISO 1461. Alternative finishes are available on special request. Fixing Clips All gratings should be fixed securely to the supporting structure using not less than two clips for each panel. A range of fixing clips are available to suit particular applications. Standard Clip FC2 See page 1 for illustration.

Type 30/100 Load bearing bars at 30mm centre Transervse bars at 100mm centres

Type 41/50 Load bearing bars at 41mm centre Transervse bars at 50mm centres

Type 30/50 Load bearing bars at 30mm centre Transervse bars at 50mm centres

Load bearings in 3mm and 5mm thickness and varying depths are available for each type of grating. See load tables for the range of sections. Fabrication Your specific requirements are undertaken after submission of our detailed drawings for your approval. Our proposals will provide you with the optimum layout taking account of all requirements for cut-outs, shaping and supporting steelwork. For ease of installation on site, each fabricated panel is hard stamped on the binding bar with an erection mark to correspond with our layout drawings.

Safe Load Tables Rectangular Pattern Mild Steel Flooring

The table below give the safe Uniformly Distributed Loads in kN/m for mild steel gratings with plain load bearing bars. For gratings with serrated edge load bearings bars the tabulated loads should be multiplied by 0.75 for 25 mm and 30 mm deep sections and 0.80 for 35 mm and over deep sections. The loads have been calculated to a maximum stress of 165 N/mm2 and deflections are limited to within 1/200th of the span or 10 mm whichever is the lesser. Note that loads shown to the right of the blue line are below 5 kN/m which is the minimum design requirement for 2 general duty regular two way pedestrian traffic. #The maximum span for 5 kN/m uniformly distributed load is stated in the end column for each section. TYPES 41/100 and 41/50 Safe Uniformly Distributed Load in kN/m
Load Bearing Bars mm 20 x 3 25 x 3 25 x 5 30 x 3 30 x 5 35 x 3 35 x 5 40 x 3 40 x 5 50 x 5 60 x 5 Mass2 Kg/m
2 2 2

Clear Span in Millimetres 600 17.4 27.2 45.4 39.2 65.0 53.0 89.0 70.0 116 181 261 750 9.1 17.4 29.0 25.1 41.8 34.0 57.0 44.6 74.0 116 167

14.8 18.0 27.8 21.0 33.0 23.8 37.8 26.8 43.0 52.8 63.0

900 5.2 10.2 17.1 17.4 29.0 23.7 39.5 31.0 52.0 81.0 110

1050 1200 1350 1500 1650 1800 1950 2100 2250 2400 3.3 6.5 10.8 11.2 18.6 17.4 29.0 22.8 37.9 59.0 85.0 4.3 7.2 7.5 12.5 11.9 19.8 17.4 29.0 45.4 65.0 5.1 5.2 8.5 8.3 13.9 12.6 20.8 35.8 52.0 3.7 3.8 6.4 6.0 10.1 9.1 15.2 29.0 41.8 4.8 4.6 7.7 6.8 11.4 22.9 34.6 5.9 5.2 8.79 17.2 28.5 4.6 4.2 6.9 13.5 23.1 5.3 10.3 17.7 4.0 7.8 13.4 5.9 10.3

Max Span mm 908 1141 1350 1367 1594 1570 1867 1816 2119 2505 2872

* For mass of Type 41/50 add 1.8 Kg/m

TYPES 30/100 and 30/50 Safe Uniformly Distributed Load in kN/m

Load Bearing Bars mm 20 x 3 25 x 3 25 x 5 30 x 3 30 x 5 35 x 3 35 x 5 40 x 3 40 x 5 50 x 5 60 x 5 Mass2 Kg/m

Clear Span in Millimetres 600 23.0 35.9 60.0 52.0 86.0 70.0 750 11.9 23.0 38.3 33.1 55.2 45.1 900 6.9 13.6 22.5 23.0 38.3 31.3 52.0 40.9 68.0 106 153 1050 1200 1350 1500 1650 1800 1950 2100 2250 2400 4.4 8.5 14.3 14.8 24.6 23.0 38.3 30.0 50.0 78.0 113 5.7 9.6 9.9 16.6 15.7 26.2 23.0 38.3 60.0 86.0 3.9 6.7 6.8 11.6 11.0 18.4 16.6 27.6 47.3 68.0 4.9 5.0 8.4 8.0 13.4 11.9 19.9 38.3 55.0 3.8 6.3 6.0 10.0 9.0 15.0 29.2 45.6 4.9 4.6 7.7 6.9 11.6 22.6 37.8 6.1 5.4 9.1 17.8 30.6 4.6 4.1 6.9 13.6 23.5 5.3 10.3 17.7 4.0 7.9 13.7

17.7 21.7 33.8 25.4 40.3 28.8 46.2 32.6 52.7 64.8 77.5

Max Span mm 973 1236 1480 1500 1747 1726 2044 1989 2271 2685 3079

117.0 75.0 92.0 153 239 345 59.0 98.0 153 221

* For mass of Type 30/50 add 1.8 Kg/m

Mild Steel & Stainless Steel Floor Plate

Durbar raised pattern non-slip mild steel solid floor plate. This plate may be used for trench covers, platforms, stair landings and stair treads. The raised leaf pattern, having no enclosures, provides increased non-slip surface to give firm grip in all directions. For particularly slippery conditions a carborundum surface finish is available. Plates of this type are self draining and readily cleaned, therefore minimising corrosion and ensuring longer life. Trench covers, which are to be readily removed, are holed for and supplied complete with standard lifting keys. Where necessary, plates are cut to clear pipework or other obstructions and are countersunk drilled for securing to steelwork with fixing screws. Mild Steel Floor Plate is available in 4.5, 6.0, 8.0,10.0 and 12.5mm base thickness. Primer Painted or Galvanised. In Stainless Steel available in grades 304L or 316L.


Aluminium Tread Plate

Aluminium tread plate, designed primarily for flooring applications provides a non-slip, easy clean, hard wearing surface, which has found extensive use in Industrial, Marine and Transport fields. Tread plate comes in three popular patterns to suit various conditions of service and personal preferences. Thickness for thickness, in a particular material, the load bearing characteristics of the three patterns, are not significantly different, but a choice does accommodate factors such as pedestrian comfort, durability, and aesthetic consideration. Applications vary from kick plates to loading ramps, from factory flooring and stairtreads to protective facias. Supplied self-colour. ONE-BAR PATTERN FIVE-BAR PATTERN

Mild Steel Built-up Curbing

Mild steel built-up curbs suitable for mild steel Durbar plate trench covers. Curbs are supplied painted in standard oxide primer and can be tapped to receive fixing screws to secure covers if necessary. Mild steel built-up curbing can also be supplied for aluminium P.G.P. plates with the mild steel materials suitably insulated with Bitumen of Neoprene Strip. Standard 3-metre lengths of mild steel built-up type curbing. For long straight runs of trench we supply standard 3-metre lengths. Make-up lengths are provided as necessary and as shown on location drawings. Joints are secured with countersunk bolts to assist Installation. Lugs are welded on at approximately 900mm centres and approximately 150mm from each end.

Also available in stainless steel and aluminium.

Available in steel, aluminium alloy and stainless steel.


Note: Handrails omitted for clarity, but must be fitted around opening with either removable chains or self closing gate.


TABLE OF RECOMMENDED LADDER SECTIONS AND FIXING CENTRES Fixing centres of stays indicated are based on good connections to steelwork. For fixings to good sound brickwork or concrete divide stated centres by 1.5.
Max. Spacing of Stays or Fixings Vert. Ladders Sloping Ladders

LADDER WITH RETRACTABLE TUBULAR HANDHOLD TYPE D (Ladder can be supplied with or without retractable handhold)

Section of Stringer (Mild Steel)

65 x 10 Flat 65 x 12 Flat 70 x 10 Flat 70 x 12 Flat 80 x 10 Flat 80 x 12 Flat 75 x 50 x 8 Angle 100 x 65 x 8 Angle 125 x 75 x 10 Angle

3.7 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.6 5.0 4.8 6.2 7.7

3.1 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.1 5.2 6.5

Staircases & Platforms

Steelway Fensecure have wide experience in the design and construction of staircases, mezzanine floors, walkways and platforms. Where required, the companys own engineers will visit the site of a proposed installation and subsequently prepare schemes for access, storage or for fire emergency use. These proposals are then submitted to the customer for approval. Designs are produced to the most exacting requirements to ensure stability and durability.

Solid Pattern Treads

REF: CTR (Mild Steel) ACTR


(Stainless Steel)

Steelway Solid Mild Steel Tread with Raised Pattern-Tabulated Mass in kg

Width of Tread in mm 100 150 200 250 300 0.50 6 3.69 5.30 6.92 Preferred lengths of treads in metres and thickness in mm 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 6 6 6 8 8 10 10 4.31 6.17 8.04 7.05 9.17 11.28 Hole centres in mm A B 30 40 50 50 50 45 75 100 100 125 Hole dia. mm 12 15 15 15 15

10.29 16.11 19.11

14.59 17.91 21.24

19.72 23.36

26.27 31.11

28.51 33.75

Staircases & Platforms

Steelway Fensecure have wide experience in the design and construction of staircases, mezzanine floors, walkways and platforms. Where required, the companys own engineers will visit the site of a proposed installation and subsequently prepare schemes for access, storage or for fire emergency use. These proposals are then submitted to the customer for approval. Designs are produced to the most exacting requirements to ensure stability and durability.

Solid Pattern Treads

REF: CTR (Mild Steel) ACTR


(Stainless Steel)

Steelway Solid Mild Steel Tread with Raised Pattern-Tabulated Mass in kg

Width of Tread in mm 100 150 200 250 300 0.50 6 3.69 5.30 6.92 Preferred lengths of treads in metres and thickness in mm 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 6 6 6 8 8 10 10 4.31 6.17 8.04 7.05 9.17 11.28 Hole centres in mm A B 30 40 50 50 50 45 75 100 100 125 Hole dia. mm 12 15 15 15 15

10.29 16.11 19.11

14.59 17.91 21.24

19.72 23.36

26.27 31.11

28.51 33.75

Companion Step or Ship Type Ladders

This type of ladder provides an improved means of access over the normal single run ladder when space is available. The 65 degree to 75 degree slope is easier to negotiate than a vertical or near vertical ladder. We recommend that the maximum vertical rise should not exceed 3000mm and the width between stringers should preferably be between limits of 450mm and 550mm. It should be noted that 250mm minimum foot space should be allowed from the nose of treads to the wall, platform face or other obstruction, see illustration. A top tread should be provided at floor level, or the platform can be arranged to run over, but the minimum foot space should still be maintained. Handrails are necessary on this type of ladder and should be provided on both sides without exception.

Chart giving useful recommendations for staircases

This chart gives preferred rise/go dimensions see section coloured yellow for any given rake of staircase or ladder and is based on our recommended formula: Twice the rise plus the go = not less than 570mm nor more than 640mm (550 to 700). Go is the term used for the horizontal dimension of a stair or tread. Rise is the vertical dimension. Overlap is the amount the nosing of one tread overlaps the one below (minimum16mm). Example: A single flight stair has a rise of 2600mm and has to comply with a minimum tread go of 250mm and a maximum rise of 190mm. From the chart below we see with a go of 250mm an acceptable rise will be about 185mm. This will give 14 equal rises. The stair will thus have an angle of rake pitch of 36 36 and will fall within the limits required for this type of stair. Also the aggregate of twice the rise plus the go equals 620mm, close to the optimum recommended in BS 5395 Part 1.


Spiral Stairs Mild Steel

A spiral staircase suitable for a wide range of applications from Residential to Industrial, and complying with the requirements of BS.5395: Part 2. Available in any diameter, rising clockwise or anti-clockwise to suit customers requirements. Construction is based on a tubular centre column which is fully load bearing and capable of supporting a landing or 1 floor joists. Treads are set at 22 /2 (16 per circle) and are constructed from solid Durbar pattern plate welded to a tubular collar to fit over the centre core column. Alternative type treads and landings are available such as pan type. Landings are provided to fit existing situations where details are available or to suit new applications. Handrails comprise of a 42.4mm dia. tube supported on 20mm dia. balusters that also serve to secure the outer extremities of the treads, and together, they form a rigid construction. Additional balusters are required for stairs in residential situations in order that any gaps do not exceed 100mm. All parts are prefabricated for easy site assembly. Spirals of 2.0m diameter or less require relaxation of Building Regulations regarding minimum tread go. The 2.2m diameter spiral will give 800mm clear width of stair when fitted with an inside handrail to comply with Building Regulations.

Heavy Industrial Type Spiral Staircase illustrated.


Handrail & Guardrails

General Application As a general rule, any unprotected edge of a walkway, platform, staircase or other raised area from which a person may fall more than 0.5m must be fitted with a guardrail. Steelway handrails and guardrails are designed to provide safety and give reassurance for users of staircases and walkways. They may be of tubular or solid construction or a combination of both. We supply handrails not only to complement our staircases. platforms, and other similar structures, but also as completely independent items to fit customers own equipment or civil engineering work etc. All component parts are tailor-made in easy to handle lengths and clearly marked for assembly on site. Drawings are provided for customers use where they wish to undertake the site erection themselves. Alternatively, we can provide a speedy and efficient site installation service. Design Our designs follow the recommendation of BS 6399; Part 1, BS 5395 and BS 6180. There are at least two horizontal rails - a top rail (handrail) and an intermediate rail (knee rail) at approximately midheight. For step (companion) ladders and staircases in close proximity to, or bounded by a wall, a single handrail only is required with a minimum clearance for the hand of 75mm** (EEUA recommend minimum 65mm). If glazed areas occur adjacent to a walkway, platform, balcony or staircase, they should be guarded by a secure handrail or balustrade. Wherever possible, handrails should be continuous and follow the exposed edge of raised platform areas and staircases. Sharp changes of direction in the vertical plane should be avoided in runs of handrail. The minimum height of handrails for platforms walkways and landings is 1.1m above the walking surface; for staircases the handrail height should be between 0.9m and 1m above the pitch line. Handrails should terminate in a swept end, either to the wall or to the knee rail, or return to the standards. Note: Sharp corners, protrusions and stop ends should be avoided since these may catch clothing and cause accidents. Return bends (U bends) should not extend more than 350mm from the centre line of the standards. At the foot of staircases, U bends should extend to the point of maximum extension of the stringer. Loadings BS 5395: Part 3 recommends the following minimum design imposed lateral loads that should be used for handrails in industrial situations: Light duty. Access limited to one person. 0.36 kN/m General duty. Regular two-way pedestrian traffic. 0.36 kN/m Heavy duty. High density pedestrian traffic: escape routes. 0.74 kN/m Potentially crowded areas over 3m wide. 3.00 kN/m If there is any possibility of vehicular impact, the recommendations in appendix C of BS 6180 should be followed. For light access stairs, gangways etc., which are not more than 600mm wide, a minimum design load of 0.22 kN/m may be used (BS 6399: Part 1). Protective Treatments Steel can be supplied in the following finishes: i) Self colour. ii) Red oxide metal primer. iii) Hot dipped galvanized to BSENISO 1461. Recommended for exposed or corrosive conditions. Decorative paint finishes can be applied by the customer on top of galvanized materials, but a suitable priming system must be used prior to painting. iv) Nylon/Plastic coated. Not recommended for exposed conditions. v) Chrome plated, polished and powder coated finishes are available to special order. ** BS 5395 Aluminium alloy and stainless steel do not normally require protective treatment. However. where additional protection or improved appearance is thought necessary, then aluminium can be anodised and stainless steel polished. Note: Some discolouration may occur on Aluminium bends and heat affected areas when anodised. Handrails Tubular and Solid mild steel handrails are available in a range of sizes Tubular: 26.9 o/d x 3.2mm wall minimum, (1.87kg/m) 33.7 o/d x 3.2mm wall minimum, (2.41kg/m) 42.4 o/d x 3.2mm wall minimum, (3.10 kg/m) 48.3 o/d x 4.0mm wall minimum, (4.39kg/m) 25mm dia. solid bar (3.85kg/m) 32mm dia. solid bar (6.31 Kg/m)


Stainless steel handrails are available with ball type standards, but all welded construction can also be accommodated. Aluminium tubular handrail is also available on request in a range of sizes. Handrail Standards Tubular and Solid ball type mild steel standards are available in a variety of types and sizes. For further details, including types of base fittings, see page 13, 14 & 15. A handrail system may be tubular or solid, or a combination of both e.g. tubular handrails with solid standards. However, it is important to select a standard with adequate ball size to be compatible with the diameter of handrail to be used, as illustrated below.
Specification of Standard Shank Size x Ball Size
Max Dia. of Handrail to suit Ball Size

33.7mm o/d x 3.2mm wall x 60mm dia. ball


33.7mm o/d 42.4mm o/d 48.3mm o/d 48.3mm o/d 33.7mm o/d 42.4mm o/d

42.4mm o/d x 3.2mm wall x 75mm dia. ball 48.3mm o/d x 4.0mm wall x 90mm dia. ball 60.3mm o/d x 4.0mm wall x 90mm dia. ball


32mm dia. Solid x 60mm dia. ball 38mm dia. Solid x 70mm dia. ball

Note: All standards are compatible with 25mm and 32mm Solid Handrails. Details regarding the spacing between Standards at different Loadings are given on page 13. Aluminium tubular Standards are also available to complement the Aluminium tubular handrailing. Gates and Safety Chains Where loading access is required for a mezzanine floor, or for protection across openings at the head of stairs and ladders. we can supply gates of tubular construction to match the design of adjoining handrails. Alternatively, safety chains can be provided. Chains are galvanized mild steel, smooth welded to BS4942 and supplied with hooks, split rings, shackles, eye bolts and snap fasteners as required. Infill Panels and Mesh Guards Where a two line system of handrail is preferred or for existing handrails where the need arises for additional protection, we can provide infill panels. These panels consist of 50mm sq. welded mesh constructed from 3.25mm dia. wire with heavy gauge wire frame surrounds and supplied complete with fixing clips for securing to handrails.


Typical arrangement of Handrails for Stairs, Platforms and Walkways

For loadings on Handrails reference should be made to BS 6399; Part 1. Information on Design and Loadings is also given in BS 6180.

Spacing Between Standards Tables A and B take into account the limiting stress for the grade of steel specified The horizontal displacement of any part of the barrier should not exceed 25mm. Allowance has been made for the combined deflection of handrails and standards. In order to select a suitable size of handrail standard from the above tables one must first decide: (a) the horizontal loading requirement (b) the handrail diameter to be used Having decided the handrail dia. and loading: (c) select from table A or Table B a suitable standard Note: Height should be taken from fixing point (1) see base details page 15 . (d) check that the handrail dia. is compatible with the size of handrail standard selected . See page 12.

Max. Spacing in mm of Mild Steel Handrail Standards where Intensity of Horizontal Loading = 0.36 kN/m Specification of Standards M.S. TUBULAR 33.7mm o/d 42.4mm o/d 48.3mm o/d 60.3mm o/d Shank Shank Shank Shank x 60mm x 75mm x 90mm x 90mm dia. dia. dia. dia. ball ball ball ball TABLE A 900 1090 1800 1800 1800 1635 1800 950 1030 1800 1800 1800 1550 1800 1000 N/A 1795 1800 1800 1473 1800 Height of Standards 1050 1100 N/A 1710 1800 1800 1405 1800 N/A 1630 1800 1800 1245 1800 1150 N/A 1560 1800 1800 N/A 1800 1200 N/A 1495 1800 1800 N/A 1800 1250 N/A 1300 1800 1800 N/A 1800


32mm dia. Solid x 60mm dia. ball 38mm dia. Solid x 70mm dia. ball

Max. Spacing in mm of Mild Steel Handrail Standards where Intensity of Horizontal Loading = 0.74 kN/m Specification of Standards 33.7mm o/d 42.4mm o/d 48.3mm o/d 60.3mm o/d Shank Shank Shank Shank x 60mm dia. x 75mm dia. x 90mm dia. x 90mm dia. ball ball ball ball TABLE B M.S. TUBULAR 900 950 1000 Height of Standards 1050 1100 1150 PATTERN PATTERN 1685 1800 NOT SUITABLE NOT SUITABLE 1545 1330 1800 1800 1200 1250

1800 1800

1800 1800

THIS THIS 1763 1800

1010 1800

N/A 1800


32mm dia. Solid x 60mm dia. ball 38mm dia. Solid x 70mm dia. ball






* By using 42.4mm o/d tube handrails, spacing of standards in this particular instance could be increased to 1090mm. When fixed to concrete or other building materials, the maximum spacing of standards for 0.74kN/m loading should be no greater than 1250mm


Handrail Standards
Steelway tubular and solid ball type standards are made in varying heights to suit single, double and multi-line handrails. Balls are drilled to suit handrails or can be fitted with eyes for chains. Grub screws are a standard fitment in balls to secure handrails against movement. Note: Handrail standards must not be supported from toe plates, unless it can be shown that the toe plates are structural members. When ordering please indicate whether solid type or tubular type standards are required, and state: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Height. Ball centres. Diameter of ball/shank. Outside diameter of handrail. Type of base (state reference). See page 15. 6) Angle of rake/pitch (if side fixing type base state handing L.H. or R.H. side of stair when ascending). 7) Material and finish. See page 12. A full range of available bases are illustrated on page 15. The type of base should be chosen with care to ensure it will be suitable for attaching to the structure in question. A larger size of base is more suitable when fixing to materials which have a lower density than steel e.g. concrete, brickwork, block work. The size and spacing of fixing bolts into concrete or other low density materials requires careful consideration. There is an optimum requirement for fixings, and exceeding this may weaken rather than strengthen the attachment.

Should be fitted in preference to safety chains.


Bases for Tubular Standards Type ST

These bases are suitable for mild steel standards required to resist a maximum horizontal force of 0.36 kN/m at design level.

Bases for Solid Standards Type S

Suitable for 32mm and 38mm dia. standards required to resist a maximum horizontal force of 0.36 kN/m at design load.

Heavy Duty Bases Type HS

Suitable for both Solid and Tubular Standards required to resist a maximum horizontal force of 0.74 kN/m at design level. High Tensile Bolts should be used. Types with suffix 'C' are designed for fixing to concrete at an optimum spacing of 1.25m nominal assuming concrete to be unreinforced with a minimum compressive strength of 2 25 N/mm . Types with a suffix 'S' are designed for fixing to steelwork at spacings of up to 1.8m. Designers should ensure that the adjacent construction acting as support for handrails and balustrades is of adequate strength and stability to sustain all applied loads safely without excessive strain, deflection or distortion. Note: Bases are drilled 19mm dia. holes for M16 bolts. Non standard drilling can be accommodated and bolts supplied on request. 15

GRP Products
Complete support structures are available constructed from GRP sections with stainless steel fixings, in both fire and non fire retardant GRP materials
The benefits of GRP materials are numerous High strength Low weight Corrosion resistance Low maintenance Low conductivity to heat and electricity Non magnetic Non sparking GRP Safegrip Stairtreads Stairtreads from GRP grating / solid have a square siting bar to the front of the tread which also acts as a high stress absorber where most of the force is applied in use.The siting bar is of a contrasting colour, normally yellow. GRP Handrails Light, medium and heavy duty designs Posts are square or rectangular sections Contrasting colour posts and rails available With or without kickplate Supplied in kit form for ease of installation GRP Ladders Stringers are square or rectangular hollow sections for greater stiffness and strength Serrated rungs offer good grip Contrasting colours for rungs and stringers available Complete with GRP safety cages where required Stays and feet in GRP or stainless steel to suit GRP Safegrip Planking Solid (40SP-S) or perforated (40SP-P) from stock in 6m x 500m panels or cut to size and shape. Adjacent panels connect by tongue and groove joints. Supplied with a plain or gritted top walking surface. Fixings are stainless steel. GRP Moulded Gratings Available 25mm or 40mm thick in stock panels 1.22m * 2.44m having a 40mm square perforated grid pattern. With plain or gritted slip resistant top walking surface.

Safegrip (40SP-P)

Safegrip (40SP-S)


Steelway is a leading engineering and fabrication company that specialises in the manufacture of steel, aluminium and GRP products. Our dedicated workforce prides itself on its professionalism and the quality finish of the products produced. We strive to be experts in our field.

Queensgate Works, Bilston Road, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV2 2nJ Tel: 01902 451733 Fax: 01902 452256 Email: