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Table of Contents
1.

Introduction
1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. Introduction on SCM/WDM System Detection in Optical fiber Communication Objective Organization of the document

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2.

SCM/WDM System
2.1. SCM/WDM Architecture 2.2. Review on SCM/WDM Systems 2.3. Phase Shifted Transmission system 2.3.1. Working Principle of DPSK 2.3.2. Working Principle of DQPSK 2.4. Optical Modulator 2.4.1. Introduction 2.4.2. Direct Modulation 2.4.3. Mach-Zendher external modulator 2.4.3.1.Working Principle of MZM 2.4.3.2. Generating SSB/DSB optical signals using MZM

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3.

Coherent Optical Communication


19 3.1. Review on Coherent Optical Detection 3.2. Working Principle of Optical Detection 3.2.1. Introduction 3.2.2. Working Principle of Direct Detection 3.3. Principle of Coherent Optical Detection 3.3.1. Introduction 3.3.2. Working Principle of Coherent Optical Detection 3.3.3. Heterodyne and Homodyne Coherent Detection 3.3.3.1.Heterodyne Coherent Detection 3.3.3.2.Homodyne Coherent Detection 3.3.4. Polarization diversity in Coherent Detection 19 21 21 21 26 26 27 32 32 34 38

4. Digital and Real-time Coherent Optical Communication


4.1. 4.2.

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Motivation for Digital Coherent Receivers 41 Paper Review on Digital and Real-time Coherent Optical Detection 42

II 4.3. Basic Concept of the Digital Coherent Receiver 43

5. Conclusion
6. References

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Abbreviations
No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 Abbreviation SCM WDM RF TDM DPSK DQPSK PSK Q PSK OOK ER APD PI N O SN R CN R SSB D SB RI N M ZM I /D D M SO P I Q PO N O LT FSK X PM FW M CRL ED FA N RZ O CS DW DM LN I SI FD M PM D Meaning Subcarrier Multiplexing Wavelength Division Multiplexing Radio Frequency Time Division Multiplexing Differential Phase Shift Keying Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying Phase Shift Keying Quadrature Phase Shift Keying On Off Keying Bit Error Rate Avalanche Photodiode P-I-N photodiode Optical Signal to Noise Ratio Carrier to Noise Ratio Single Side Band Double Side Band Relative Intensity Noise Mach-Zendher Modulator Intensity Modulator/Direct Detection State of Polarization Inphase-Qadrature Passive Optical Network Optical Link Termination Frequency Shift Keying Cross Phase Modulation Four Wave Mixing Carrier Recovery Loop Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier Non return to Zero Optical Carrier Suppressed Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing LiNbO Inter-Symbol Interference Frequency Division Multiplexing Polarization Mode Dispersion

III 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 CD PSD FET LO O PLL D SP AD C D AC ASI C E/O O /E Chromatic Dispersion Power Spectrum Density Field Effect Transistor Local Oscillator Optical Phase Locked Loop Digital Signal Processing Analog to Digial Converter Digital to Analog Converter Application-Specific Integrated Circuit Electrical to Optical /Optical to Electrical

Abstract
In this paper, I have presented a literature review of previous research works done on WDM/PON using SCM and coherent detection from different sources such as; journal articles, conference proceedings, newspapers, dissertations and thesis, Internet, and government/corporate reports.