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dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Stainless steels can be susceptible to certain localised corrosion mechanisms,


namely crevice corrosion, pitting, intercrystalline corrosion, stress corrosion cracking and bimetallic (galvanic)
corrosion. Localised corrosion is often associated with chloride ions in aqueous environments.
Corrosion resistance relies on a good supply of oxygen. Higher levels of chromium, nickel, molybdenum and
nitrogen increase resistance to localised corrosion.
The corrosion table is not a exact reproduction of reality, it is a first determination.
The criterion for corrosion in the case of general corrosion is expressed as weight loss
by unit of time and surface area, for example grammes by square meter and per hour, or loss
of thickness per unit of time, for example mm per year.
The loss of weight by unit of time and surface area is commonly used for laboratory tests,
the loss of thickness per unit of time is commonly used in practice.
The general accepted practical limit within a material is considered corrosion resistant, is 0.1mm per year.

Note! Remember that corrosion is a complicated issue, depending on the combinations of materials and the fluids,
the fluid temperatures, the surrounding environment and the galvanic currents in the constructions.
The corrosion table must be used with care.

Conversion Factors
Composed entity

Coversion factors
g/m h

g/m/h

mm / year

mills / year

1.0

8,64: s.g.

340: s.g.

g/m/24h

0.042

0,360: s.g.

14,2: s.g.

g/dm/24h

4.17

36,0: s.g.

1420: s.g.

mg/dm/24h

0.004

0,036: s.g.

1,42: s.g.

mg/cm/24h

0.417

3,60: s.g.

142: s.g.

lbs/ft/24h

203

1760: s.g.

69200: s.g.

lbs/ft/year

0.564

4,88: s.g.

192: s.g.

- 18.01 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Corrosion criteria
Conversion factors
Combined unit
mm/year

mm/year

mills/year

0,116 x s.g.

1.0

1,39 x s.g.

12

479

20,80 x s.g.

180

7185

tum/year (ipy)

2,95 x s.g.

25.4

100.00

tum/month (imp)

35,3 x s.g.

305

12000

mills/year (mpy)

0,003 x s.g.

0.025

1.0

mills/month (mpm)

0,035 x s.g.

0.305

12

mm/month
mm/48h

s.g. =

g/m h

39.4

Specific gravity

mills (thousandth of an inch) per year penetration

Corrosion criteria based on laboratory tests are commonly expressed in grams per square meter per hour.
For all metals this entity correspondents with approximately mm/per year (1 g/mh = 1,1 mm/year)
beacause the specific gravity (7.7 to 8.1) for all metal is similar.
Titanium has a specific gravity of 4.5 the entity is 1g/mh =1,9 mm year.

Specific gravity stainless steels and other metals

Combined unit

W.N

Specific gravity

13 Cr

1.4000

7.7

17 Cr

1.4016

7.7

18 Cr - 2 Mo

1.4521

7.7

25 - 5 - 1,5 Mo

1.4460

7.7

18 - 9

1.4301, 1.4306, 1.4311, 1.4541

7.9

17 - 12 - 2,5 Mo

1.4401, 1.4404, 1.4571, 1.4436,

8.0

1.4435, 1.4429, 1.4438


18 - 14 - 3,5 Mo
17 - 15 - 4,5 Mo
20 - 25 4,5 Mo - 1,5 Cu

1.4438

8.0

8.0

1.4539

8.1

Carbon steel

7.8

Titanium

4.5

- 18.02 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

In the table on the next pages the following symbols are used meaning:
0

Corrosion rate less than 0.1 mm/year.


The material is corrosion proof.

Corrosion rate 0.1 - 1.0 mm/year.


The material is not corrosion proof, but useful in certain cases.

Corrosion rate over 1.0 mm/year.


Serious corrosion. The material is not usable.

Risk (Severe risk) of pitting and crevice corrosion.

Risk (Severe risk) of stress corrosion cracking.

Boiling solution.

All concentrations are in the percentage weight loss, the solvent is water unless differently indicated.
The information applies for annealed materials with a normal structure and a surface that is clean.

- 18.03 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium

Chemical
formula

Concentration

Temp.
C

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Acetone

(CH3)2CO

20-K

Acetylchloride

CH3COCI

100% dry

wet

1
P1S

0
P0S

2.5%

90

2.5%

5.5%
5.5%

20-90
K

0
1

0
1

10%

20

10%

50

10%

80

10%

15%

50

15%

saturated

700

saturated

5%

50

0
P0S

0
P0S

Alum

KAL(SO4)2

Aluminium acetate

AL
Al (OOCCH3)3

Aluminiumchloride

ALCL3

Aluminium melted

5%

100

P2S

P2S

10%

100

10%

150

20%

100

20%

150

25%

20

25%

60

27.5%

110

Aluminium nitrate

AL(NO3)3

all conc.

20

Aluminium sulphate

AL2(SO4)3

0.50%

50

1%

20

2.30%

101=K

5%

101=K

10%

20

10%

50

10%

102=K

23%

20

23%

100

27%

20

27%

102=K

saturated by 20C

105=K

Ammonium

NH4OH

all conc.

20-K

Ammonium bifluoride

NH4HF2

10%

25

Ammonium bicarbonate

(NH4)HCO3

all conc.

20

- 18.04 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Ammonium chloride

Ammonium carbonate

Chemical
formula
NH4CL

(NH4)2CO3H2O

Concentration

Temp.
C

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

1%

20

P0

P0

1%

100

P0S

P0S
P0S

5%

P0S

10%

20-50

P0

P0

10%

90-100

P0S

P0S

10%
10%

K
135

P1S
P1S

P0S
P0S

20%

20-50

P0

P0

20%

90

P1S

P0S

20%

P1S

P1S

50%

115

P2S

P1S

all conc.

20

100

Ammonium nitrate

NH4NO3 + (NH4)2SO4

100

60

100

120

Ammonium oxalate

in elke verhouding
(NH4)2C2O4

1-8%

20

5-20%

100

10%

20

10%

20%

30

10%

0
P0S

0
P0S

Ammoniumperchlorate

NH4CIO4

20%

30

P0

P0

Ammonium sulfphate

(NH4)2SO4

all conc.

20-K

Ammonium sulphite

(NH4)2SO3

saturated

20-K

Aniline unrefined

C6H5NH2

100%

20

Aniline hydrochloride

C6H5NH2HCI

all conc.

20

0
P2

0
P2

5%

100

P2S

P2S

Anitimonium, melted

Sb
CH3COOH

650

1%

90

1%

100K

5%

20

5%

50

5%

75

5%

100=K

10%

20

10%

75

10%

100=K

20%

20

20%

80

20%

90

Acetic acid

-18.05 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Acetic acid

Bariumchloride

Chemical
formula
CH3COOH

BaCI22H20

Temp.
C

20%

100=K

50%

20

50%

80

50%

90

50%

100

80%
80%

20
40

0
0

0
0

Na2B4O710H2O

cr 18
ni 9

85

200

100%

20

100%

80

100%

100

6%

100

1
P0S

0
P0S
P0S

100

P0S

melted

20-K

20-K

all conc.

20-K

0
P0

melted

melted

Blood

20
37

Boric acid
Bromine moist

B(OH)3
Br2

Aqueous solution of bromine


Butryic acid
Calciumbisulphite

C3H7COOH
Ca(HSO3)2

Calciumchloride

CaCI26H2O

Calciumhypochloride

Ca(CIO)2

316

80%

Beer yeast
Borax: in solution

304

99.5%

23%
Petrol

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Concentration

all conc.

100%

20

0.03%

20

2
P0

2
P0

0.30%

20

P1

P0

100%

20

100%

10%

20

10%

cold saturated
1%

20

P1

P0

2%

100

P1S

P1S

6%

20

P1

P1

6%

100

P2S

P1S

Calcium sulphate

CaSO4

all conc.

100

Chloride

CL2

dry gas

70

0
P2
P2S

100%

20-60

0
P2

moist gas

60-100

P2S

- 18.06 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Chlorobezene

Chemical
formula
C6H5CI

Concentration

Temp.
C

Chloride of lime ,dry

CH2CICOOH

CaOCI2

moist

Chloroform

Sulpher chloride

Chloric acid
Hydrogen chloride, gas

CHCI3

S2CI2

HCIO3
HCI

CrO3

316

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

100%

20%

132-K

0
P0S

0
P0S

30%

80

50%

20

100%
100%

100
100

2
2

2
2

0.8%

20

P1

1%

20%

35

30%

20

all conc.

P0
P0S
P0

20

1
P0

1
P0

P0S

P0S

dry 100%

62=K

dry 100%

20

dry 100%

136=K

nat

20

0
P1

0
P1

10%

20

100%

20

P2

P2

dry

20-40

100

250

1
2

dry

Chromic acid
pure, H2SO4 free

cr 18
ni 9

100%
with moisture
Chloroacetic Acid (mono)

304

400-500

2%

75

2%

100=K

5%

80

5%

100=K

10%

40

10%

20%

20

20%

50

20%

40%

20

40%

40

50%

20

- 18.07 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Citric acid

Hydrocyanic acid
Dichloroethylene

Chemical
formula
C3H4(OH)(COOH)3

HCN
C2H2CI2

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Concentration

Temp.
C

1%

20

1%

5%

20-50

5%

85-K

5%

140

10%
10%

20-40
85-K

0
0

0
0

25%

20

25%

40

25%

85

25%

100

25%

50%

20

50%

40

50%

100

50%

70%

100%

20

100%

20-K

0
P0S

0
P0S

wet

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

Ethyl chloride

C2H5CI

wet

20-K

0
P0S

0
P0S

Ethyl alcohol

C2H5OH

all conc.

20-K

Ethyl ether

(C2H5)2O

20-K

Ethyl chloride

C2H4CI2

100%

20-K

Hyposulphite

Na2S2O3+K2S2O4

40%, 2,5%

20

0
P0

Hyposulphite +

Na2S2O3+Na2SO3

19%, 4,7%

20

P0

Sulphuric acid

+H2SO4

Hydrogen fluoride

HF

Formaldehyde
Galic acid

HCHO
C6H2(OH)3COOH

-0.50%
1%

20

10%

20

75%

20

100%

20

all conc.

20-K

op 100C

all conc.

20

conc. 25%
saturated

Glycerine

C3H5(OH)3

- 18.08 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Iodine, dry

Chemical
formula
I2

moist

Concentration

Temp.
C

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

dry

20

moist

20

0
P2

0
P2

water solution 1%

20

P0

P0

+ 1% KI

20

P0

P0

crystal
damp

20
50

P0
P0

P0
P0

20%

90

25%

20

25%

all conc.

20

P0

P0

7-10%

50

10%

100

36%

PS

PS

water solution 2%
Idioform, liquefied
vaporous

CHI3

Potassium dichromate

K2Cr2O7

Potassium bifluoride

KHF2

Potassium bitartrate

KH(OOC(OH)CH)2

cold saturated
saturated
bij 100C

Potassium bromide
Potassium chlorate

KBr
KCIO3

met CI
Potassium chlorate

KCIO3

Potassium cyanide

KCNO

Potassium cyanide

KCN

all conc.
all conc.

20
K

Potassium ferricyanide
Potassium hydroxide

Potassium hypochlorite

K3(Fe(CN)6)
KOH

KCIO

until 20 g as cl/liter

all conc.

20

10%

20%

20

25%

50%

20

50%

0
1S

1S

70%

120

1S

1S

melted

300-365

2S

2S

<2%

20

P1

P0

>20%

20

P2

P1
P0

Kaliumjodide

KI

all conc.

P0

Potassium carbonate

K2CO3

all conc.

900-1000

Potassium nitrate

Potassium oxalate

KNO3

all conc.

(C OOK)2 x H2O

- 18.09 -

20-K

550

780

20

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Potassium permanganate

Chemical
formula
KMnO4

Potassium sulphate

K2SO4

Silicic acid

HF

Nitrohydrochloric acid

HCI+HNO3

Copper acetate

Cu(CH3COO)2

Copper chloride

CuCI2

Copper cyanide

Cu(CN)2

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Concentration

Temp.
C

5-10%

20

10%

all conc.

1%

20

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

10%

20

75%
100%

30
20

2
1

2
1

all conc.

0.05%

100=K

0
P0

0
P0

saturated

at 100C
Copper nitrate

Cu(NO3)2

all conc.

20-K

Copper sulphate

CuSO4

all conc.

20-K

Kwik

Hg
HgCI2

20-400

0.1%

20

0
P1

0
P0

0.1%

P1S

P0S

0.7%

20

P1

P0

0.7%

P2S

P2S

1-10%

100

1-10%

135
0

Mercuric chloride

Mercuric cyanide

Hg(CN)2

5%

20

Mercuric nitrate

Hg(NO3)2

5%

20

Lead, melted

Pb

melted

400

900

Lead acetate

(CH3COO)2Pb3H2O

all

20-90

concentrations

Lead acetate, basic

Pb(CH3COO)2
Pb(OH)2

Lead nitrate

Pb(NO3)2

Lysol
Manganese chloride

MgCI2

Manganese sulphate

MgSO4

all conc.

2%

20

conc.

20-K

2.50%

20

0
P0

0
P0

5%

P0S

P0S

5%

20

5%

60

10%

20

10%

60

20%

20%

26%

- 18.10 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Mangaan chloruur

Manganese sulphate

Chemical
formula
MnCI2

MnSO4

Concentration

Temp.
C

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

5%

100

P0S

P0S

10%

P0S

P0S

10%

135

P0S

P0S

20%

100

P1S

P0S

50%

P1S

P0S

alle conc.
23%

20
K

0
0

0
0
0

Methyl alcohol

CH3OH

100%

65-K

Methyl chloride

CH3CI

droog 100%

20

Fresh

20

sour

20

10-50%

2
P0

Milk

Lactic acid + sulphuric acid

(C2H4COH)COOH
+ H2SO4

25%
20

P0

Sodium carbonate

NaHCO3

all conc.

20-100

Sodium bisulphate

NaHSO4

1%

85

2%

20

2%

85

4%

20

4%

5%

20

5%

85

10%

20

10%

50

10%

15%

85

20

Mustard

Sodium bisulphate

NaHSO3

10%
10%

Natriumchloraat

NaCIO3

10-20%

30%

20

30%

5-10%

20-100

10%

20

Sodium fluoride

NaF

Sodium hydorxyde

NaOH

10%

90

10%

103=K

20%

20

20%

90

25%

20

25%

112=K

30%

20

- 18.11 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Sodium hydorxyde

Sodium hypochlorite
Sodium carbonate

Chemical
formula
NaOH

NaCIO
Na2CO3

Concentration

Temp.
C

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

30%

100

30%

116=K

1S

0S

40%

80

40%

90

40%

100

40%
50%

128=K
60

1S

1S

50%

90

50%

100

50%

120

50%

140=K

1
1S

1S

60%

90

60%

120

60%

160=K

1
2S

2S

70%

90

70%

130

70%

180=K

1
2S

2S

90%

300

2S

1S

melted

320

2S

2S

5%

20

P1

P1

5%

P1S

P1S

all conc.

20-K

melted

900

sodium nitrate

NaNO3

all conc.

20-K

melted

360

Sodium nitrite

NaNO2

alle conc.

Sodium perchlotae

NaCIO4

10%

Sodium phosphate

Na3PO4

all conc.

Sodium sulphate

NaSO4

all conc.

20

Sodium sulphade

NaSS

Sodium sulphite
Sdodium thiosulphate

Na2SO3
Na2S2O3

Nickel chloride

NiCI2

Nickel nitrate

Ni(NO3)2

Nickel sulphate

NiSO4

5%

10%

20

10-50%

50%

20

50%

50%

20

50%

10%

20

0
P0

0
P0

10%

100

P0S

P0S

5-10%

all conc.

Mineral oil

- 18.12 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium

Chemical
formula

Temp.
C
K

10%

25

10%

50

10%

60

10%
10%

80
101=K

2
2

1
1

25%

60

25%

75

25%

103=K

40%

75

20-100

0
0

Oil (spice oil)


Oxalic acid

Paraffin, melted
Petrol
Phenol
Phosphoric acid

C6H5OH
H3PO4

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Concentration

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

20-K

all conc.

20-50

70-100%

1%

20

1%

100=K

1%

140

3%

100=K

5%

20-60

5%

85

5%

100=K

10%

40

10%

60

10%

80

10%

101=K

20%

35

20%

60

20%

102=K

30%

20-35

30%

60

30%

100

40%

35

40%

50

40%

100

40%

106=K

50%

20

50%

35

50%

50

50%

85

50%

100

- 18.13 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Phosphoric acid

Phosphorus pentoxide

Chemical
formula
H3PO4

P2O5

dry and moist


Nitric acid

HNO3

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Concentration

Temp.
C

50%

110=K

60%

20

60%

35

60%

100

60%

116=K

70%
70%

35
90

0
2

0
1

70%

126=K

80%

20

80%

35

80%

80

80%

100

80%

146=K

85%

20

85%

50

85%

95

85%

156=K

droog

20

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

vochtig

20

alle conc.

20

0.5%

250

1%

20

1%

50

1%

100=K

5%

20

5%

50

5%

100=K

5%

150

5%

290

10%

20

10%

50

10%

101=K

10%

145

20%

20

20%

50

20%

103=K

20%

120

30%

20

30%

70

30%

106=K

- 18.14 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Nitric acid

Chemical
formula
HNO3

Nitrous acid

HNO2

Tin, melted

Sn

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Concentration

Temp.
C

30%

120

50%

20

50%

70

50%

90

50%

110

50%
60%

117=K
20

1
0

1
0

60%

60

60%

100

60%

121=K

65%

20

65%

60

65%

70

65%

90

65%

121=K

65%

175

80%

20

80%

50

80%

80

80%

106=K

90%

20

90%

80

90%

94=K

94%

30

97%

25

99%

25

99%

40

99%

84=K

all conc.

20

melted

300

400

500-700
20

2
P2

2
P1

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

350

Stannous (II) chloride

SnCl2

5-24%
18-24%

P2

P2

Toluene

C6H5CH3

100%

Trichloroethylene

C2HCl3

100%

20

0-60

P0

P0

180

(technical grade)
Urine
Urea

CO(NH2)2

- 18.15 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium

Chemical
formula

Concentration

Temp.
C

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Fatty acid, oil acid

100%

20

Stearic acid

100%

80-130

100%

150

100%

180

100%

235

100%
1-2%

300
50

2
0

0
0

5%

20

5%

40-50

10%

23

10%

40

10%

60-80

15%

22

15%

30-40

15%

50-80

30%

27

30%

40-80

50%

40

4-5%

20

1%

90

1%

100=K

20%

70

20%

100

30%

60

30%

90

30%

102=K

50%

50

50%

70

50%

90

50%

106=K

60%

80

60%

100

70%

114=K

75%

100

Hydrogen peroxide

H2O2

Fruit juices, Wines


Wine vinagar
Tataric acid

Iron (III) chloride

C2H2(OH)2(COOH)2

75%

118=K

FeCI3

0,5-50%

20-100

2
P2

1
P2

Fe(NO3)3

all conc.

20

Fe2(SO4)3

10%

20-K

all conc.

(ferric chloride)
Iron (III) nitrate
(ferric nitrate)
Iron (III) sulphate
(ferric sulphate)
Xylene

C6H4(CH3)2

- 18.16 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Silver nitrate
Hydrochloric acid

Sulpher

Sulpher chloride

Chemical
formula
AgNO3
HCI

S2CI2

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Concentration

Temp.
C

all conc.

20-K

melted

250

0.1%

20-50

0
P1

0
P0

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

0.1%

100=K

P1S

P0S

0.2%

20

P1

P0

0.2%
0.2%

50
130

P1

P0

0.5%

20

P1

P0

0.5%

50

P1

P0

0.5%

100=K

1%

20

2
P1

2
P0

1%

50

P1

1%

60

1%

80

1%

100=K

2%

20

2
P1

2%

60

2%

100=K

3%

20

2
P1

3%

60

3%

70

3%

80

3%

100

3%

101=K

5%

20-70

5%

102=K

8%

60

10%

20-35

10%

60

20%

20-35

30-37%

20

melted

240

melted

445=K

boiling

570

dry 100%

20

dry 100%

136=k

moist

20

0
P1

0
P1

- 18.17 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Sulphuric acid

Chemical
formula
H2SO4

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Concentration

Temp.
C

0.1%

100

0.5%

20

0.5%

50

0.5%

100

1%

20

1%
1%

50
70

1
1

0
0

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

1%

85

1%

100

2%

20

2%

50

2%

60

3%

20

3%

35

3%

50

3%

85

3%

100

5%

20

5%

35

5%

60

5%

75

5%

85

5%

101=K

10%

10%

50

10%

60

10%

80

10%

102=K

20%

20

20%

40

20%

50

20%

60

20%

100

30%

20

30%

40

30%

60

40%

20

40%

40

40%

60

40%

90

50%

20

- 18.18 -

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Sulphuric acid

Hydrogensulphide

Chemical
formula
H2SO4

H2 S

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5

Concentration

Temp.
C

50%

40

50%

70

60%

20

60%

40

60%

70

70%
70%

20
40

2
2

2
2

70%

70

80%

20

80%

40

80%

60

85%

20

85%

30

85%

40

85%

50

90%

20

90%

30

90%

40

90%

70

94%

20

94%

30

94%

40

94%

50

96%

20

96%

30

96%

40

96%

50

98%

30

98%

40

98%

50

98%

80

100%

70

dry gas

100

4%

200

moist gas

20

0
P1S

- 18.19 -

304

cr 18
ni 9

316

dacapo

Technical information

stainless

Corrosion resistance table

Medium
Sulphurous acid

Chemical
formula
H2SO3

(SO2 dissolved in water)

Sulpher dioxide

SO2

Concentration

Temp.
C

2% SO2

50

5% SO2

20

304

cr 18
ni 9
0

316

cr 17
ni 12
mo 2,5
0
0

10% SO2

160

20% SO2

20

saturated
with SO2
saturated

20

with SO2

135

saturated
with SO2

200

dry gas

100

25

moist gas

20

oxigen free

100

100%
dry gas
liquid
100%

- 18.20 -