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# STATISTICS

1. The data in the diagram shows the marks obtained by 40 students in a Physics test. 39 57 67 33 65 60 81 55 55 89 70 59 49 54 95 88 55 34 63 32 62 58 72 37 92 42 67 43 81 84 40 51 69 72 38 47 61 69 48 47

(a) Based on the above data and by using a class interval of 10, complete the following table. [4 marks] Marks 30 - 39 40 - 49 Frequency Midpoint 34.5

(b) Based on the table in (a), i) state the modal class of the data, ii) calculate the mean mark for the Physics test. [4 marks] (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper. By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 1 student on the vertical axis, draw a histogram for the data. [4 marks]

2.

The data in the diagram shows the masses, in kg, of the suitcases of a group of athletes. Each athletes has one suitcase.

32 26 29 24

14 18 25 19

20 26 29 16

13 22 33 23

25 29 25 27

22 27 24 26

10 21 24 16

24 28 21 20

(a) Based on the above data and by using a class interval of 3, complete the following table. [4 marks]

Class interval 10 - 12 13 - 15

Frequency

Midpoint

(b) Based on the table in (a), calculate the estimated mean mass of the suitcases and give your answer correct to two decimal places. [4 marks] (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper. By using a scale of 2 cm to 3 kg on the x- axis and 2 cm to 1 suitcase on the y- axis, draw a histogram for the data. [3 marks] (d) State one information obtained based on the histogram. [2 marks]

## 3. The marks of 40 students in an English test are as follows.

38 40 35 56 60

64 51 45 49 50

68 42 43 44 41

53 49 56 55 48

46 59 69 43 44

61 61 55 45 48

51 47 50 56 56

46 41 46 54 40

(a) Based on the above data and by using a class interval of 5, complete the following table. [3 marks]

Marks 30 - 34 35 - 39

Frequency

Midpoint

(b) Based on the table in (a), calculate the mean marks of the student. (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper.

[3 marks]

By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 marks on the x- axis and 2 cm to 2 students on the y- axis, draw a frequency polygon for the data. [5 marks] (d) State one information that can be interpreted from the frequency polygon. [1 mark ]

4. 26 50 42 26 37 28 46 31 30 49 26 35 31 42 53 40 29 30 31 44 55 50 40 27 32 28 34 47 46 33 48 33

The data in the above diagram shows the heights, in cm, of 32 balsam plants in an experiment . (a) Based on the above data and by using a class interval of 5, complete the following table. [4 marks] Class interval 21 - 25 26 - 30 Frequency Midpoint

(b) Based on the table in (a), calculate the estimated mean height of the plants. [3 marks] (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper. By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 cm on the x- axis and 2 cm to 1 plant on the y- axis, draw a frequency polygon for the data. [3 marks] (d) State the modal class. [2 marks]

## 5. The data shows the score of a Biology test of 30 Science students.

35 46 37 54 68

47 39 73 68 84

85 33 42 59 66

34 38 46 57 59

54 58 54 52 54

42 57 52 59 60

(a) Based on the above data and by using a class interval of 10, complete the following table. [3 marks] Score 30 - 39 Frequency

(b) Based on the table in (a), calculate i) the range of the data, ii) the mean mark for the Biology test.

[4 marks]

(c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper. By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 marks on the x- axis and 2 cm to 2 students on the y- axis, draw a histogram. [3 marks] (d) Draw a frequency polygon on the histogram that you have drawn in (c). [2 marks]

## 6. The data below shows the ages, in years, of 40 employees. 20 35 33 42 24 52 34 46 36 34 44 45 39 37 44 45 30 47 49 38 26 36 37 42 28 33 29 35 33 42 35 27 54 48 41 40 53 40 54 43

(a) Based on the above data and by using a class interval of 5, complete the following cumulative frequency table. [4 marks] Cumulative Frequency

Ages (years) 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 24 29 34 39 44 49 54

Frequency

(b) For this part of the question, use the graph paper. By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 cm on the x- axis and 2 cm to 5 employees on the y-axis, draw an ogive based on the data. [6 marks] (c) From the ogive in (b), (i) find the first quartile, (ii) hence, explain briefly the meaning of the first quartile. [2 marks]

7.

Time (minutes) 10 - 14 15 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44

Frequency 8 16 20 21 17 13 5

The table shows the distribution of the time taken by 100 employees to reach a factory from their home, on a particular day. (a) State the midpoint of the modal class. (b) Construct a cumulative frequency table for the data. [1 mark] [2 marks]

(c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper. By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 minutes on the x- axis and 2 cm to 10 employees on the y- axis, draw an ogive for the data above. [6 marks] (d) Based on the ogive, find (i) the median, (ii) the interquartile range. [3 marks]

8. The table below shows the frequency distribution of the body mass (kg) of 80 students. Mass (kg) 30 34 35 39 40 44 45 49 50 54 55 59 Frequency 5 8 11 21 22 10 (a) (i) State the modal class. (ii) Calculate the mean mass of the students. (b) Based on the data in (a), complete the following table. Cumulative Frequency 0 [4 marks] [3 marks] 60 -64 3

Mass (kg) 25 - 29 30 - 34

## Upper Boundary 29.5

80 (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper. By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg on the x- axis and 2 cm to 10 students on the y-axis, draw an ogive based on the data. (d) From the ogive in (c), find the interquartile range. [3 marks] [2 marks]

## 9. The data shows the masses of 50 students in a class.

45 51 51 48 47

55 63 48 59 55

43 48 62 49 38

51 55 45 55 49

45 42 47 44 57

41 57 50 40 51

48 66 60 51 60

56 50 39 50 46

67 45 58 52 49

50 44 51 53 45

(a) Complete the table below based on the above data. Mass (kg) 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 [4 marks] (b) For this part of the question, use the graph paper. By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg on the x- axis and 2 cm to 5 students on the y-axis, draw an ogive for the data. (c) Based on the ogive, find (i) the median, (ii) the interquartile range. [3 marks] [5 marks] 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 Upper Boundary Frequency Cumulative Frequency

10. (a) The table shows the distribution of donations, in RM, collected by 180 students on a particular day .

Donations (RM) 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 9 14 19 24 29 34 39 44

Frequency 4 19 x 44 29 20 12 5

## Cumulative Frequency 4 23 70 114 y 163 175 180

(b) Based on the table in (a), find the value of (i) x (ii) y (c) State the modal class. [4 marks]

(d) Using a scale of 2 cm to RM 1 on the x-axis and 2 cm to 20 students on the y-axis, draw an ogive based on the data above. (e) From the ogive, find (i) the interquartile range, (ii) the number of students who have collected more than RM 30. [4 marks] [4 marks]