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CHEMISTRY CREST AIEEE ACHIEVER 2

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Maximum Marks: 120


Question paper format and Marking scheme:

1. This question paper has 30 questions of equal weight age. Each question is allotted 4(four) marks for each
correct response.

2. (one fourth) of total marks allotted to each question i.e., 1 mark will be deducted for indicating incorrect
response

3. No deduction from the total score will be made if no response is indicated for an item in the answer sheet.

4. There is only one correct response for each question. Filling up more than one response in each question
will be treated as wrong response and marks for wrong response will be deducted accordingly.









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1. A proton and an -particle are accelerated through the same potential difference. The ratio of the
de-Broglie wavelengths of proton and -particle is
(1) 2 (2)
1
2
(3) 2 2 (4) 2
Sol. (3)
Proton is
1
1
H Charge = 1, Mass = 1
-particle is
4
2
He Charge = 2, Mass = 4

h
2e.V.m
=

h
2 2 V m

=



p
h
2 2 V 4m

=



p
p
h
2 1 V m
=



P
16
2



P
2 2



2. The pair of structures given below represents

(1) Conformational isomers (2) Position isomers
(3) Chain isomers (4) None

Sol. (2)
These are positional isomers

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3. A coloured precipitate is obtained when H
2
S gas is passed through an aqueous solution of salt in
presence of ammonium hydroxide. The precipitate dissolves in dilute HCl & reacts with NaOH to
give white precipitate, which on standing turns in to a brown/black mass. The brown/black mass
on fusion with KNO
3
& Na
2
CO
3
gives green mass. The cation of the salt is
(1) Co
2+
(2) Mg
2+

(3) Ni
2+
(4) Mn
2+


Sol. (4)


( ) ( )
( )
2
2 2 2 ( )
2 3 2 3 2 2 4 2 2
/
2 2
HCl NaOH
O
Mn H S MnS MnCl MnO
MnO KNO Na CO H O Na MnO KNO NaOH CO
+
+
+ + + + + +
fusion
Buff coloured Brown black coloured
Greenmass


4. A mixture containing 0.05 mole of
2 2 7
K Cr O and 0.02 mole of
4
KMnO was treated with excess of KI
in acidic medium. The liberated iodine required 1.0 L of
2 2 3
Na S O solution for titration.
Concentration of
2 2 3
Na S O solution was
(1)
1
0.40 mol L

(2)
1
0.20 mol L

(3)
1
0.25 mol L

(4)
1
0.30 mol L



Sol. (1)
In acidic medium, Eq. wt. of
2 2 7

6
molar mass
K Cr O =
In acidic medium, Eq. wt. of
4

5
Molar mass
KMnO =
Eq. of
2 2 3
Na S O = Eq. of
2
I liberated = eq. of
4
KMnO + eq. of
2 2 7
K Cr O
1 0.02 5 0.05 6 N = +
0.4 N = (or) 0.4 M =

5.
2
/
4 structural products
Cl h
X

. X is


Sol. (4)

Given numbers indicate different types of hydrogens which can be substituted by Cl atoms

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6. Which one of the following oxo-acids of sulphur has S-S linkage and one lone pair of electrons
on each sulphur atom
(1) H
2
S
2
O
6
(Dithionic acid) (2) H
2
S
2
O
5
(Di or pyro sulphurous acid)
(3) H
2
S
2
O
3
(Thiosulphuric acid) (4) H
2
S
2
O
4
(Dithionous acid or Disulphurous acid)

Sol. (4)




7. An ideal solution of two liquids A and B is placed in a cylinder containing piston. Piston is pulled
out isothermally so that the volume of the liquid decreases but that of vapours increases.
Negligibly small amount of liquid was left and mole fraction of A in vapour is 0.4. If
o
A
P 0.4atm =
and
o
B
P 1.2atm = at the experimental temperature, which of the following is the total pressure at
which the liquid is almost evaporated?

(1) 0.334atm (2) 0.667atm (3) 1atm (4) 2atm

Sol. (2)

0 0
T A A B B
P P x P x = +

0
A A
A
T
A
T
P x
y
P
0.4x
0.4
P
=
=


A T
x P =

0
B B
B
T
B
T
P x
y
P
1.2x
(1 0.4)
P
=
=


T
B
P
x
2
=

A B B A
x x 1; x 1/ 3; x 2/ 3 + = = =

T
2 1
P 0.4 1.2 0.667atm
3 3
= + =



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8. Observe the reactions/ tests given for the following compound and select whether it gives + ve or
- ve tests



Sol. (1)
Reacts with Na metal as the compound given has acidic hydrogens ( -OH, -COOH, C CH )
Reacts with NaHCO
3
as the compound given has COOH group
Reacts with 2,4 DNP as the compound given has CHO group ( Test given by carbonyl compounds)
Does not react with Lucas reagent as the compound given has phenolic group and not alcoholic group

9. Select the correct statement(s) .
(a) The graphite is diamagnetic and diamond is paramagnetic in nature.
(b) Graphite acts as a metallic conductor along the layers of carbon atoms and as semiconductor
perpendicular to the layers of the carbon atoms.
(c) Graphite is less denser than diamond
(d) C
60
is called Buckminster fullerene
(1) b,c,d (2) a,b,d (3) a,b,c,d (4) a,b,c

Sol. (1)
Both are diamagnetic as all electrons are paired.

10. Ammonium hydrogen sulphide dissociates according to the equation

( ) ( ) ( )
4 3 2
NH HS S NH g H S g +

If the observed pressure of the mixture is 1.12 atmosphere at 1060C, what is the equilibrium
constant Kp of the reaction ?

(1) 0.3136 atm
2
(2) 2 atm
2
(3) 1 atm
2
(4) 0.4842 atm
2

Sol. (1)

( ) ( ) ( )
4 3 2
0 0 0

s g g
eq
NH HS NH H S
t
t t xatm xatm
+
=
=


2 1.12
T
P x = =
0.56 x =

2 2
0.3136
P
K x atm = =
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11. Which of the following carbonyl gives 4-methyl pent -3-en-2-one on reaction with dilute NaOH
solution with heating.
(1)Acetaldehyde (2)Acetone (3) Formaldehyde (4) Propanal

Sol. (2)
4-Methyl pent -3-en-2-one is Aldol condensation product of acetone.

12. About alkali metal liquid NH
3
solution which of following statement is not true ?
(1) Blue colour is due to ammoniated electrons.
(2) Blue colour changes to bronze on dilution due to formation of metal clusters.
(3) with increse in concentration of alkali metals paramagnetic nature decreases due to electron-electron
combination.
(4)On heating blue colour becomes colourless due to formation of metal amide and H
2
gas.

Sol. (2)
Blue colour changes to bronze with increase in concentration of alkali metal due to formation of metal
clusters.

13. A solution of 200 ml of 1M KOH is added to 200 ml of 1M HCl and the mixture is shaken well. The
rise in temperature T1 is noted. The experiment is repeated by using 100 ml each solution and
increase in temperature T
2
is again noted. Which of the following is correct ?

(1)
1 2
T T =
(2)
2 1
2 T T =
(3)
1 2
2 T T =
(4)
1 2
4 T T =



Sol. (1)
Case I : 200 ml 1M KOH + 200 ml 1M HCl
Case II: 100 ml 1M KOH + 100 ml 1 M HCl
Equivalent to
2
H Oproduced due to neutralisation in case II is half that of case I.
Due to this energy release,
1
2
2
H
H =
Case I H
1
= m
1
ST
1
(1)
Case II H
2
= m
2
ST
2
(or)
1 1
2
2 2
H m
ST = (2)
From (1) and (2),T
1
=T
2
.
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14. Arrange the following diazonium ions in decreasing order of their rate of coupling with phenol





Sol. (3)

Electron withdrawing group increases electrophilicity and hence rate of coupling reaction
(electrophilic substitution)

15. Match List-Iwith List-II
List-I(Metals) List-II(Process/methods involved in extraction process)
(a) Au 1. Self reduction
(b) Al 2. Liquation
(c) Pb 3. Electrolysis
(d) Sn 4. Bayer's process
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) 3 1 2 4
(2) 3 4 1 2
(3) 1 2 4 3
(4) 3 2 4 1

Sol. (2)
Electrolysis is used in the refining of gold
In Bayer's process, pure aluminium oxide is obtained from the bauxite ore.
Pb is extracted by self reduction method
A low melting metal like tin can be refined by liquation method. .

16. A certain acid-base indicator is present in 75% blue form at pH 5. This indicator has acid form
red and basic form blue. At what pH will the indicator show 90% red form? [log 3 = 0.4771]
(1) 5.47 (2) 3.56
(3) 3.39 (4) 10.01

Sol. (2)

HIn H In
Acidform Basic form
(Red) (Blue)
+
+


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[ ]
In
5
H In
K
HIn
H x10
10 75
25 90
+
+

( (

=
(


= =


5
5
H 3
75 90
H 10
25 10
27 10
P 5 log3
5 3log3
5 1.4313
3.5687
+

( =

=
=
=
=
=


17. A metallic carbide on treatment with water gives a colourless gas which burns readily in air and
gives a precipitate with ammonical silver nitrate solution. The gas evolved is
(1) CH
4
(2) C
2
H
6
(3) C
2
H
4
(4) C
2
H
2

Sol. (4)

( )
4 3
2 2 2
2 ( )
NH OH AgNO
CaC H O Ca OH HC CH Ag C C Ag
+ + +
+ + White ppt

18. Which of the following will displace the halogen from the solution of the halide ?
(1) Br
2
added to NaI (2) Br
2
added to NaCl
(3) Cl
2
added to KCl (4) Cl
2
added to NaF

Sol. (1)
Smaller halogen (i.e., stronger oxidising agent) displaces bigger halogen (i.e. weaker oxidising agent)
from solution of its halide

19. Which of the following is correct?
(1) Specific conductivity of a solution decreases with dilution, whereas molar conductivity increases
with dilution
(2) Specific conductivity of a solution increases with dilution, whereas molar conductivity decreases
with dilution
(3) Both specific conductivity and molar conductivity decreases with dilution
(4) Both specific conductivity and molar conductivity increases with dilution

Sol. (1)
With dilution, no. of ions per unit volume decreases



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20. The compound A in the following reaction is


Sol. (4)
Wurtz reaction, generally used for the preparation of symmetrical alkanes



21. The true statement about oxoacids of phosphorus is
(1) Order of their reducing strength is H
3
PO
2
> H
3
PO
3
> H
3
PO
4
.
(2) Hybridisation of phosphorus is sp
3
in all these.
(3) All have one P=O bond
(4) All of these.

Sol. (4)
Greater the no of P H bonds , greater is the reducing power

22.

An element crystallizes in bcc as well as fcc lattices having edge lengths 300 and 400 pm
respectively. The ratio of their densities would be
(1) 1.18 (2) 2.28 (3) 3.38 (4) 4.48



Sol. (1)

( )
( )
3
10
A
bcc
30
fcc
3
10
A
2 M
300 10 N
d
4 M 10 d
400x10 N


=
( )
( )
3
3
4 64
1.185
27 2
3 2
= =


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23. The product (P) of the following reaction is



Sol. (2)
Electrophilic aromatic substitution ( I
+
Cl
-
)
- CH
3
group is o, p director.


24. All the following complex ions are found to be paramagnetic :
P : [FeF
6
]
3-
; Q : [CoF
6
]
3-
R : [V(H
2
O)
6
]
3+
; S : [Ti(H
2
O)
6
]
3+

The correct order of their paramagnetic moment (spin only) is :
(1) P > Q > R > S (2) P < Q < R < S (3) P = Q = R = S (4) P > R > Q > S

Sol. (1)
On the basis of number of unpaired electrons the correct order is P > Q > R > S

[FeF
6
]
3-
Fe
3+

weak field

n = 5

[CoF
6
]
3-
Co
3+

weak field

n = 4

[V(H
2
O)
6
]
3+
V
3+




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n = 2

[Ti(H
2
O)
6
]
3+



n = 1


25. In a reaction A products, the rate is doubled when the concentration of A is increased 4 times. If
50% of the reaction occurs in 1414 sec , how long would it takes for the completion of 75%
reaction.
(1) 4242sec (2) 2825 sec (3) 2414 sec (4) 2121 sec

Sol. (3)
Order =1/2
First
1
t 1414sec
2
=
n 1
a
1
therefore second t 1414
2
a
2
1 1414
1
t 1000sec
2
a 2

| |
|
=
|
\
| |
= =
|
\

total time for 75% reaction is 1414+1000=2414 sec

26. Which of the following sets of bases are present in both DNA and RNA
(1) Adenine, uracil, thymine (2)Adenine, guanine, cytosine
(3) Adenine, guanine, uracil (4) Adenine, guanine, thymine

Sol. (2)
Adenine, guanine, cytosine are the bases commonly present in both DNA and RNA.
Difference lies in thymine and uracil
DNA contains thymine whereas RNA contains uracil

27. Which of the following is a wrong order with respect to the property mentioned against
each
(1) (NO) > (NO) > (NO)
+

[bond length]
(2) H
2
> H
2
+
> He
2
+
[bond energy]
(3) O
2
2-
> O
2
> O
2
++
[Paramagnetic moment]
(4) NO
2
+
> NO
2
> NO
2
[bond angle]

Sol. (3)
(NO) > (NO) > (NO)
+

Bond order 2 2.5 3
Bond order is inversely proportional to bondlength
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H
2
> H
2
+
> He
2
+

Bond order 1 0.5 0.5( more anti bonding)
Bond order is directly proportional to bond energy. Anti bonding e- leads to destabilisation


O
2
2-
> O
2
++
> O
2

No of unpaired e - 0 0 2
Greater the no of unpaired e -, greater is the paramagnetic moment
So, wrong
NO
2
+
> NO
2
> NO
2

Bond angle 180
0
133
0
115
0



28. One litre of a gas at 300 atm and 473 K is compressed to a pressure of 600 atmosphere and 273K.
The compressibility factors found from the curves are 1.072 and 1.375 respectively at the initial
and final states. Calculate the final volume
(1) 370.15 cc (2) 480 cc
(3) 500 cc (4) 200 cc

Sol. (1)
P
1
V
1
= Z
1
nRT
1

P
2
V
2
= Z
2
nRT
2

2 2 1 2
2 1 1 1
.
PV T Z
T PV Z
=
2 2 1 1
2
1 1 2
.
Z T PV
V
Z T P
=
=
1.375 273 300 1000
1.072 473 600


= 370.15 cc

29. Which set is correctly matched.
(1) Dacron or Terylene : Condensation polymer
(2) PVC : Biodegradable polymer
(3) Nylon-6, 6 : Addition polymer
(4) Buna-S rubber : Natural polymer

Sol. (1)
Dacron or Nylon is a condensation polymer of terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol

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30. The borax bead is chemically
(1) B
2
O
3
(2) Na
2
B
4
O
7
(3) Na
3
BO
3
(4) B
2
O
3
+ NaBO
2


Sol. (4)
Borax on heating, first loses water molecules and swells up. On further heating, it turns into a
transparent liquid, which solidifies into glass like material known as borax bead.


The metaborates of many transition metals have characteristic colours and, therefore, borax bead test
can be used to identify them in the laboratory.