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The branch of applied mathematics dealing with motion and forces producing motion. Generally it can divided into two parts.



The branch of mechanics concerned with the motion of objects without reference to the forces that cause the motion.

The branch of mechanics concerned with the motion of bodies under the action of forces.

Rest and motion

An instance or period of relaxing or ceasing to engage in strenuous or stressful activity.

If a body change its position with respect to some observer than it is said to be in a state of motion

Different types of motion

1. translatory motion. 2. rotatory motion. 3. vibratory motion.

Translatory motion
Such a type of motion in which every particle of a body has exactly the same motion is called traslatory motion. If the motion of a body is in a straight line, it is known as a linear motion. the motion of freely falling bodies is a good example of linear motion. If a body moves in a circle, for example, a stone attached at one end of the thread, when whirled, it will move along a circular path. Such motion is called circular motion. If a body moves in an irregular manner, it is called random motion. For example, the flight of a butterfly. Motion of gas molecules is also an example of random motion.

Rotatory motion
When each point of a body moves around a fixed point or axis, the motion of this body is called rotatory motion. For example the motion of a ceiling electric fan.

Vibratory motion
When a swing is pushed forward or backward and then left free,it begins to move to nd fro about its mean position. When a body moves to and fro about a point and repeats its motion again and again about the same point then this type of motion is called vibratory motion.

The distance and direction of a body from a fixed point shows its position. for example the car is at a fixed position.

Distance and displacement

Distance is the scalar value of how far an object has traveled regardless of direction. Displacement is the vector value of how far an object has been displaced; meaning how far is it from where it started. The better way to describe the difference between displacement and distance is here. 1. Displacement is the directed line segment between initial and final position of a moving body. 2. Distance is the total length of path traversed by the moving body irrespective of direction.

Speed and velocity

Distance covered in a unit time is known as speed.

Rate of displacement with respect to time is known as velocity. If a body covers equal distances in equal intervals of time, however small the intervals may be, the speed of the body is said to be uniform.

Relative velocity
When two bodies are in motion then the velocity of one body relative to the other is called relative velocity.

The rate of change of velocity of a body is known as acceleration.