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Signs and Italian Terms AMEB Theory Grades 1-4

well connected short and detached www.) Decrescendo (descresc. / . / ritard. Adagio Andante Moderato Allegro Presto - slowly at an easy walking pace at a moderate speed lively and fast very fast Accelerando (accel.Grade 1 Theory These are the Italian terms to learn for Grade Diminuendo (dim.) Ritenuto (riten.) Forte ( f ) Piano ( p ) - gradually becoming louder gradually becoming softer gradually becoming softer loud soft Legato Staccato - smooth.) Ritardando (rit.) A tempo - gradually becoming faster gradually becoming slower gradually becoming slower immediately slower return to former speed Crescendo (cresc.) Rallentando (rall. .Grade 1 Theory Sign Name Crescendo Meaning Gradually becoming louder Decrescendo/diminuendo Gradually becoming softer or Staccato Short and detached f p Forte Loud (‘f’ always written lower case) Soft Piano (‘p’ always written lower case) Play smoothly Slur or phrase mark (can be over two or more notes) Play the first note and hold for value of both Divides music into equal sections according to time signature Indicates the end of a piece or important section Tie Bar line Double bar line

Allargando Meno mosso Piu mosso Allegretto Largo Lento Vivace Vivo Fortissimo ( ff ) Pianissimo ( pp ) Mezzo piano ( mp ) Mezzo forte ( mf) Cantabile Da Capo al fine ( .) Maestoso Mezzo staccato - becoming broader slower (less speed) quicker (more speed) moderately fast broadly slowly lively and spirited lively and spirited very loud very soft moderately soft moderately loud in a singing style from the beginning until the word ‘fine‛ - from the sign majestic moderately short and detached Leggiero Molto Poco Senza Sempre Sostenuto - lightly very a little without always sustained www. You need to know these in addition to the Grade 1 terms.S. al fine) Dal Segno ( 2 Theory There are quite a few new Italian terms to learn in Grade 2.

Grade 2 Theory Sign Name of sign Pause or ‘fermata‛ Meaning of Sign Hold for longer than written value (always placed above the note) Accent Play strongly Mezzo Staccato Moderately short and detached Moderately short and detached 3 notes played in the time of 2 notes of equal value Repeat the music between the dots (on one note) Mezzo Staccato (on more than one note) 3 Triplet Repeat Strong accent (also called ‘Marcato‛ ) Play strongly .blitzbooks.

Agitato Attacca Animato Tranquillo Con anima Con brio Con grazia Con forza Dolce Risoluto Ben marcato Una corda ( The terms listed below are in addition to the terms for Grades 1 and 2.blitzbooks.M.G) Ad libitum Opus (Op.D) Main gauche (M.Grade 3 Theory There are LOTS more terms to learn for Grade 3 (oh well).) Loco Sforzando (sfz or sf) Forte-piano (fp) Calando Morendo Largamente Larghetto Con moto Prestissimo 8va (‘ottava’) M.C. – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – with agitation go on at once with animation calmly with feeling with spirit with grace with force soft and sweet.) Main droite (M.) Tre corde (T. quite freely a work or group of works at normal pitch (after an 8va sign) a strong accent loud then immediately soft getting softer and slower dying away broadly rather broadly with movement extremely fast play one octave higher than written Maelzel‛s metronome (metronome marking) . sweetly with resolution well marked (one string) with the soft pedal (3 strings) release the soft pedal right hand left hand at pleasure.C.

blitzbooks.Grade 3 Theory Sign M.M. = 60 Maelzel‛s Metronome 8va Ottava sf or sfz fp 2 Sforzando A strong accent Forte-piano Loud then immediately soft Duplet 2 notes played in the time of 3 notes of equal value Name of sign Maelzel‛s Metronome Meaning of Sign Metronome marking Set metronome to beat at 60 crotchets per minute Play one octave higher than written .

plaintively softly in an undertone gay. merry gracefully very as if. Tempo commodo Tempo giusto L’istesso tempo Non troppo Grave Rubato Stringendo Perdendosi Smorzando Rinforzando (rfz or rf) Pesante Cantando Tenuto (ten. 2 and . as it were playfully suddenly bow on or near the bridge bow on or near the finger board bowing very rapidly to produce a shimmering or wavering effect pluck the string with the finger with the bow (used after a pizz.) Arco at a comfortable speed at a consistent speed at the same speed not too much slow and solemn with some freedom in the time pressing on faster fading away dying away reinforcing the tone heavily in a singing style held pleasant.) Sul tasto Tremolo Pizzicato (pizz. sign) www.) Sul ponticello (sul pont.Grade 4 Theory There are EVEN MORE terms to learn for Grade 4 (sigh). plaintively sadly.) Piacevole Portamento Dolente Doloroso Sotto voce Giocoso Grazioso Assai Quasi Scherzando Subito (sub. agreeable a smooth gliding from one note to another (as in singing or string playing) The terms listed below are in addition to the terms for Grades 1.

D£ Name/Definition Upper mordent Lower mordent Trill D D Acciaccatura .Grade 4 Theory Sign/Term / D ! D G D . D Appoggiatura % D .

D Counterpoint Turn Tenuto: Hold for full value of note A compositional technique in which two or more independent melodies are combined The adjective used to describe music which combines two or more indepedent melodies (counterpoint) Contrapuntal Chomatic (semitone or scale) Diatonic (semitone or scale) .com. Two notes a semitone apart with the same letter name. A series of 12 notes moving in semitones. An interval or scale in which each note has a different letter name www.blitzbooks. 2.

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