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Recruitment

Chapter 5

What is Recruitment
A process to discover the sources of manpower to meet the requirements of the staffing schedule and to employ effective measures for efficient workforce

The process searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organization Edwin B. Flippo

Objectives of Recruitment
To attract people with multi-dimensional skills and experience that suit the present and future organizational strategies To bring in fresh blood at all levels of the organization To search or head hunt/head pouch people whose skills fit the companys values. To devise methods that fill human resource gaps in the organization To devise methodologies for assessing psychological traits

Objectives of Recruitment
To search for talent globally and not just within the company To design pay packages for the various roles in the company To develop an organizational culture that attracts competent people to the company To carry out other allied activities that deal with hiring, selecting placing and inducting

Questions on Objectives of Recruitment


Do these aforementioned criteria apply to recruitment departments in all companies. Give reasons Scope of recruitment in companies may differ Some companies also do additional campus hiring processes Some companies have separate units working on compensation and benefits

Factors affecting Recruitment


Internal Factors
Companys Pay Package Quality of Work life Organizational Culture Career Planning and Growth Companys Size Companys Products/Services Geographical Spread of the Companys Operations Companys Growth Rate Role of Trade Unions Cost of Recruitment Companys Name and Fame

Factors affecting Recruitment


External Factors
Socio-economic Factors Supply and Demand Factors Employment Rate Labor Market Conditions Political, Legal and Governmental Factors like reservations for SC/ST/BC and sons-of-soil Information System like Employment Exchanges/Tele-recruitment like Internet

Sources of Recruitment
If you were the Recruitment person or manager what would be your first source for recruitment?

Why?

What dictates the source that should be used for recruitment?

Class Exercise
External or Internal hiring. Which is better? What are the sources of internal/external recruitment? Techniques of internal/external recruitment Process of internal/external recruitment Why do organizations prefer internal/external recruitment?

Sources of Recruitment
Internal Sources
Present permanent employees Present temporary/casual employees Retrenched or retired employees Dependents of deceased, disabled, retired and present employees

External Sources
Campus Recruitment Private Employment / Agencies / Consultants Public Employment Exchanges Professional Associations Data Banks/Trade Unions Casual Applicants Poaching E-Recruitment

Sources of Recruitment
Why do Organizations Prefer Internal Source
Internal recruitment can be used as a technique of motivation Morale of the employees can be improved Suitability of the internal candidates can be judged better than the external candidates as known devils are better than unknown angels. Loyalty, commitment, a sense of belongingness, and security of the present employees can be enhanced Employees psychological needs can be met by providing an opportunity for advancement

Sources of Recruitment
Why do Organizations Prefer Internal Source
Employees economic needs for promotion, higher income can be satisfied Cost of selection can be minimized Cost of training, induction, orientation, period of adaptability to the organization can be reduced Trade unions can be satisfied Social responsibility towards employees may be discharged Stability of employment can be ensured

Sources of Recruitment
Why do Organizations Prefer External Source
The suitable candidates with skill, knowledge, talent etc., are generally available Candidates can be selected without any pre-conceived notion or reservations Cost of employees can be minimized because employees selected from this source are generally placed in minimum pay scale Expertise, excellence and experience in other organizations can be easily brought into the organization

Sources of Recruitment
Why do Organizations Prefer External Source
Human resources mix can be balanced with different background, experience, skill etc Latest knowledge, skill, innovative or creative talent can also be flowed into the organization Enhances diversity in the organization Long-run benefit to the organization in the sense that qualitative human resources can be brought.

Techniques of Recruitment
Internal Candidates IJP Promotions Transfers MDP/Job Rotations

Techniques of Recruitment
External Candidates Referrals External Agencies Advertising

End of Chapter 5