HOW TO DRAW

Faces Hands Animals Flowers Trees Cars and EVERYTHING!

Perspective drawing Composition roules

How To Draw Faces
So you think learning how to draw faces is difficult? Wrong! All faces are made up of simple shapes like anything else. Have a look at the article on using just five basic shapes to draw anything by clicking here. In the basic steps that follow, you'll be able to draw believable faces from any angle or position, in no time at all. When learning how to draw faces, you'll find that you can get the face to 'look right' from the start if you're aware of some standard measurements that apply to most people's faces. Once you realise this and practice using them, your sketches of faces will improve no end. Indeed, this is a vital first step if you want to move onto doing portraits. Remember, practice is everything when learning how to draw faces. Copy examples from photos, newspapers and magazines or of course, you can use the examples in this tutorial. Get as wide a range of sketches as you can of men, women, young adults, the elderly, children, racial and ethnic backgrounds and so on. Draw faces from as many different angles and lighting conditions as possible. It's surprising how the same face can look quite different in contrasting lighting conditions. However, one step at a time. Let's get used to drawing a 'general' face that has all the relevant bits in the right place! Oh yes. And one other point. The 'standard measurements' I've just mentioned are only a guideline, not an absolutely rigid formula that must be adhered to. So use them as a valuable tool. Don't become a slave to them!

How to Draw Faces - Stage 1
All we start with is a basic oval in Sketch A. Draw this in lightly and don't worry if it's not perfectly symmetrical. Few people have a head shape or features that are identical on both sides of their face. And here's the first standard measurement - I'll call these SM from now on to save space. The centre of the eyes are placed halfway down the oval - not about a third of the way as you may think. Also, the ears are attached to the head on line with the eyes. The bottom half of the oval can now be split in two again to fix the position of the tip of the nose. The remaining space below this is also divided in two and the imaginary line here positions the

mouth. Even though Sketch B shows this with the eyes & ears, nose and mouth only very simply defined, you can see how everything 'looks right' already.

How to Draw Faces - Stage 2
Now another couple of SM's to help you. In Sketch C, the distance between the centre of the eyes and the tip of the nose invariably works out an equal-sided (equilateral) triangle.

n fact many portrait artists start with this triangle to position the eyes and nose on the canvas or paper before even constructing the head shape. Now look closely at the dotted lines that drop down from the centre of the eyes. Notice that they meet the outer edges of the mouth.

How to Draw Faces - Stage 3
Moving onto the side view of the face, you can see that in Sketch D theoval shape is still there, except that it has been tilted slightly to the right, with one side, (the jaw area) being slightly flattened. In Sketch E another SM comes into play. People's ears tend to be further back on their head than may at first appear. So the distance from the outer edge of eye to the back of the ear is usually the same as the distance from the eye to the chin.

How to Draw Faces - Stage 4
Right, you now have the basic shape of your face from both the front and side views. Now comes my favorite bit when we make the head three-dimensional. Let's go back to the basic oval for a minute (Sketch F). The dotted lines are still there but the big difference is that they have been slightly rounded. Compare this to Sketch A to see what I mean. See what happens in Sketch F? Even though there are no features on the face, the dotted lines on a curve give the clear impression of a rounded solid object. In this case, it's a head, but it could be a ball, an egg, a cushion or whatever. Now add some basic features following the curved dotted lines as in Sketch G and suddenly, with no effort, you have a 3D head. It's that easy! Again, compare Sketch G to Sketch B. Remember, the features must follow the curved lines to achieve this effect.

How to Draw Faces - Stage 5
Now that we know how to draw faces that are three-dimensional, it's only a small step to learning how to move the position of the head, both from side to side and looking at it from above and below as well. In Sketch H I've made the dotted lines curve quite sharply upwards to the right of the head, whilst the dotted line for the centre line of the head is almost at the left hand edge. Now as soon as I put the basic features along these lines, they are automatically positioned with the face looking downwards and to the left. In Sketch I, I've done the opposite with the dotted lines so the face is now looking upwards to the right. The only extra mark I've added is a hint of the chin. The best way to really get to grips with this is to put your curved dotted lines in all sorts of positions on the head without at first trying to fix a facial position. Then add the features and see which way your face is looking. You'll soon get the hang of where the curves should go for any angle at which you want your face to be set.

How to Draw Faces - Stage 6
Having achieved a 3D effect we now know how to draw faces with the head at the correct angle. Now it's time to add some shadows and highlights to create the essential character of the face. If we go to the front-on face position as in Sketch J, you can see where some simple shadows have been created by 'hatching'. In this case, I've assumed the light is coming from the right, so most of the shadows are on the left side of the face.

tells us that the eyes are recessed into the eye sockets. both for men and women.Stage 7 Adding hair styles is very straightforward. The examples in Sketch K give you some ideas. look how the shape of the nose and the impression that it comes forward from the face. Thirdly. It often looks better if its presence is suggested by a little shadow underneath. This shadow then immediately fades away and the highlight below it tells us that this is the front of the chin protruding slightly. with a little more shadow underneath. I want you to note three areas in particular that do more than anything to suggest to the viewer that features are protruding from or set into the face.Although all the shadows are important. . Second. the shadows immediately above both eyes . Firstly. You can be as creative as you like here.even the right eye which is getting some direct light . Note that the bottom lip is not always drawn in full. is defined by no more than the shadow on the left hand side and the flattened 'V' representing the nostrils. How to Draw Faces .

etc. chin. The view of the woman is from below and to the left whilst that of the man is above from the left. You can see from the photos how the guidelines I've super-imposed confirm what I've said about things like the eyes being half-way down the head and the tip of the nose being halfway between the eyes and the chin. .Stage 8 Finally. designed to prove the theories I've mentioned actually work. I've used the principles outlined earlier to create these two sketches. they're only really a couple of practice sketches. Notice also how I've added shading to bring out the shapes of different parts of the face. shadows and highlights. complete with hair. around the eyes and the bottom lip are particularly important in creating the bone structure of the subject. we bring the whole tutorial together to produce two 3D faces. Let's start with the two photos of the faces we'll be using. From there.How to Draw Faces . Although I think they're a reasonable likeness. The shadows under the nose.

However. In fact. you can easily produce these faces (hopefully even better!) in not much more time than it takes you to read this article.At the early stages of learning how to draw faces. If you've ever been stuck in a boring meeting (in my case. a few quick sketches. Remember. don't beat yourself over the head if the exact likeness doesn't happen the first few times. You don't need to set a whole evening to one side. hundreds of them in my previous life) then the agenda papers and minutes are ideal to practice on! With a bit of effort. So go on . will bring on your skills very quickly. it's an excellent means of developing your style and drawing confidence in small. bite-sized chunks of time. sketching faces like this is not much more than creative doodling. each produced in a few minutes. A bit like learning to drive a car or a honing a golf swing. It does take practice until bringing all these ideas together starts to become automatic.have a go and surprise yourself! .

fat hands or long slender hands.How to Draw Hands the Easy Way Learning how to draw hands presents a real barrier for many people. When learning how to draw hands. And where does the hand finish and the wrist really start ? By following this simple 'how to draw hands' tutorial. Now let's move on to the first stage of drawing. They seem to struggle with achieving the correct place to put the joints of a finger and the size of one finger compared to another. you'll soon realise there is as much variety of shape as there is in the size and shape of the human body . How To Draw Hands . Look at the picture of these red & blue hand shapes. And notice that there's some gaps in the images. It's merely the imprint of a child's hands which have been covered in paint then pressed down on paper. giving almost a triangular shape to the hand. using basic shapes to get everything in the correct position and proportion. you'll find it's really quite straightforward. .Stage 1 Here. whilst many people have a much 'squarer' profile to the overall outline of the hand. Everybody's hands are different . I've superimposed simple oblongs and a few small ovals over the photo to represent the main shapes. Some people have quite a difference in length of the middle finger compared to the others. This gives a clue to where the joints are and that some parts of the finger are fatter or thinner than others.you can get short. But see how it shows where the joints of the fingers are.

Stage 2 Moving onto stage 2 of how to draw hands I've now removed the photo and we're left with the basic shapes. For you to be able to close your fingers properly.Stage 3 Now I've started the 'filling in' process and developed the more rounded shapes of the fingers and palms. You can clearly see the finger joints are hinged. I've included three photos/sketches of the back of the hand to show the subtle diffrences. taking the thickness of your finger into account. How To Draw Hands . you'll see that each finger is divided more or less equally into three section between the knuckle and the tip. However if you look at the back of your hand. How so? The clue is obvious when you look at the side of your hand. Look at the sketches below to see what I mean. Now.How To Draw Hands . if you look at your palm. Even though they're unsophisticated at this stage. there is an unmistakeable hand shape to work with. you'll see that the top section to the tip is actually quite a bit shorter than the bottom section nearest the knuckle. Notice how the tip of the thumbs only reach about a third of the way up the fingers. even though the actual drawing process is exactly the same . the distance between the joints on the inner part of the finger (on the palm of your hand) has to be shorter.

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How To Draw Hands . If you look at the lower completed sketch of the back of the hand.Stage 4 Now we've added more detail to the front of the hands so they look more realistic. you'll see it's been produced in exactly the same way as the palm .

if you find it awkward to draw like this because you normally use your free hand to hold you paper..The thing to remember when learning how to draw hands is that there are a thousand and one poses and gestures that they can take. you'll get so much satisfaction from accurately drawing your hand in different gestures. get into the habit of taping the edge down with masking tape or similar. Go on! Try it. You'll be amazed at what you can achieve! . You can use your non-drawing hand to adopt a variety of poses. you automatically have the subject matter. pointing. All of these can easily be copied from your own or a friend's hand. which you can copy for as long as you want. to your work surface.. shaking hands with someone else. not only of themselves. right there in front of you. back or side view and so on. front. Clenched fist. holding a pencil. Incidentally. The beauty of this how to draw hands tutorial is that whenever you pick up a pencil. I promise you. but more importantly about their owner. With practice you can learn to draw hands that impart a great deal of character. All it takes is a little perseverance and practice.

Take the Kangaroo illustrated here. perhaps you would! Whatever. for instance. but a sketch of him that you've produced yourself. dogs. it just proves that following the simple steps in the articles. Now that is one you'll keep for the family album . I've put together a series of tutorials devoted to many specific creatures. but learning how to draw animals seems a particularly popular quest for vast numbers of artists of all abilities. As you can see from this photo of a kangaroo. To cater for this interest in how to draw animals. these simpleshapes help to define the main parts of each animal.. freedom and general lack of human frailties. framed on the wall! How to Draw Animals Kangaroo 1 To make it even easier if you're new to sketching. all of these drawing articles use just a few basic shapes to get you started.. Perhaps you'd love to record a portrait of a much loved family pet. Maybe it's our inherent love of animals . Yes.their innocence. I know photos will record your favorite dog.. cats and many others.better still.How To Draw Animals Section Drawing tutorials on any subject are always in demand. maybe against a backcloth of their natural environment. This helps you to quickly sketch a rough outline to get the proportions right before you attempt the detail. this might not be the subject you'd first think about though if you're in Australia. including how to draw horses. cat or horse very accurately for decades. you can pick your choice of subject at will. . Or perhaps it's our desire to capture their grace and movement. If you're new to learning how to draw animals. cattle.

the ever-popular rose is a good example of this. Look closely at any flower and at first. .. So let's start here and go to Stage 1 of 'How to Draw Flowers'. You'll be using a series of basic shapes to get the size and proportions of different types of flowers. growing wild and free or cultivated and nurtured by man (and woman!) in every size. Flowers are a consistently popular subject for drawing and painting and no wonder. you'll be able to produce believable flower sketches in almost no time at all. on closer inspection. There are literally thousands of varieties across the world.. How To Draw Flowers . you see only a complex layering of petals . Nevertheless. shape and color imagineable.Stage 1 If you look closely at the photos at the top of the page. just by following the easy steps below. For more information on these shapes click on the link here to go to the relevant section. youll see seven different shapes of flower. I've reproduced them below overlaid with some basic shape which more or less encompasses the main outline. most flower outlines can be easily represented by just a few basic shapes. with the photos below as the inspiration for your sketches.How to Draw Flowers If you want to learn how to draw flowers. To make this easier. It's just knowing where to start.

Again the shape of the daisy is no more than a series of fairly regular. we're concentrating on inking in a fairly accurate outline of each flower. it's much easier to 'read' the shape of the flower and petals and you're well on the way to learning how to draw flowers quickly and effectively. you're going to start filling in . On the other hand. which is the effect you're trying to achieve.Stage 3 Now you'll start to feel you're really getting somewhere. you'll get much more of a feel of delicate petals. Once we understand this. You'll find that if you use light lines. I've actually done my lines in ink at this point because it makes it easier for you to see what I'm on about. oval 'spokes'.See how we have the oval shape of the tulip (bottom right). the rose (bottom centre) has its petals wrapped around and around like a spiral. The tiger lily on the other hand has a combination of a triangle shape and ovals. But for now stick to pencil. going over our pencilled outline.in pencil -the more realistic shapes of petals. they already look'right' in terms of overall shape and proportion. How To Draw Flowers . . Even though these are simple shapes. How To Draw Flowers . the round shape of the daisy (top right) and the triangular shape to represent the 'trumpet ' outline of the foxglove (bottom left).Stage 2 Stage 2 of learning how to draw flowers sees the photos removed and we're left with the basic shapes to use as building blocks for our image. In this stage of learning how to draw flowers. Concentrate on getting the shapes right first. Now let's look at the petals. In the next stage. Don't draw your lines too hard at this point.

at this stage. worry about putting in details such as shadows and veins. don't. Think all the time about the delicacy and lightness of a flower and try to replicate this in your work. How To Draw Flowers . Take your time over this but don't overdo it. we can now come to the part which brings everything to life .the shadows. . That comes next. the lights and darks and the delicate folds and curves of each petal.Stage 4 In this final stage.However.

you'll see that each of the shapes we've drawn here can be adapted slightly to cover pretty well any variety you can think of! With a little practice. if you look at any leaf. . However.whether it be a single stem or an entire bouquet! Leves also conform to the same general patterns .broad and oval. ball-like profile? Well if you look at any flower. spiky petals or the many varieties of Dahlia.Of course you might say 'what about those flowers that have very narrow. long and slim or quite rounded. you should be able to create an authentic image of any type of flower you want . with their round. like a Geranium for example. you'll soon learn to associate a shape with it that will enable you to draw it without any problem.

A really good way to understand and see this is to peel a tomato as you would peel an apple. When you look at all the intricate ways in which the petals appear to curl and fold around each other. each petal is wrapped around the one below like a spiral.. you wonder where to start.How to Draw Roses Learning how to draw roses. when you realize that anything you draw can be formed with just five basic shapes which you can find in the article. can seem daunting at first sight. Even moreso. . it suddenly becomes easier to understand. one of the most popular flowers anywhere in the world. If you can keep the peel in one long piece. it's a really neat way to embellish a salad. you'll find it makes a perfect impression of a rose that hasn't yet fully bloomed! Keep this spiral effect in mind when you're drawing and it may help. once you realise how the basic structure of a rose is formed. enough of the food. Let's move on to Stage 1 of this how to draw roses tutorial. then roll it up. Before roses actually open out.. Anyone in the catering trade will know this trick. you'll see one is of a rose that's still to open. whilst one is of a beautiful peach color in full bloom. However. However. How To Draw Roses . We're here to draw. As an aside from drawing.Stage 1 f we look at the two photos.

Stage 4 In this next stage.Stage 2 In Stage 2 of How to Draw Roses. once I'm happy with the look of the flowers. How To Draw Roses . Sketch these shapes lightly in pencil until you're happy with the overall proportions. Some of the spiral has been stretched a little here and there and the triangles have been slightly rounded off to indicate where the petals have started to curl over. I've inked in the final shapes. These should also make sure the sizes are in proportion as well. . we're left with basic shapes that provide a sort of 'scaffolding'. we can see that by taking away the the pictures.In my usual style. they're really only basic shapes to point you in the right direction. I've superimposed guide lines over the pictures to show that despite the intricacy of the petals. How To Draw Roses .

Final Stage The final part of this article sees the addition of some light pen marks to indicate shadow areas and give some 'body' to the roses. Have a close look at a petal on a real rose and you'll see what I mean. Note how they've been drawn on the larger rose in the direction that the petals actually grow to suggest the veins and undulations. .How To Draw Roses .

let's have a closer look at the photo below. So if you think you couldn't draw the tree below . before we actually put pencil to paper. realistic trees with confidence in no time. You just need to know where to 'tweak' your sketch to make your lollipop look the part. where the features have to be in the right place for the face to look right.. it still looks like a tree.. an eraser and a few pieces of scrap paper or a pad. All you will need to start with is a pencil.How To Draw Trees Learning how to draw trees is a lot easier than you may think. and you'll be drawing believable. .. I bet you never thought it would teach you how to draw trees ! Add a couple of simple techniques that I promise anyone can manage. However.or even better? Well read on . Many budding artists of all ages are put off because they've only previously managed a 'lollipop' that they remember producing when they were at school. he good thing about learning how to draw trees is that unlike a portrait. This tutorial gets you started using basic. familiar shapes you've seen a hundred times. if you put a branch in the wrong place on a tree. And yet. But until now. a lollipop isn't a million miles away from many real trees in full summer foliage.

ideal for lifting out highlights! They're also less likely to damage the surface of your paper than a cheaper general purpose eraser. How To Draw Trees . Learning how to draw trees is no different. You should draw them in a bit lighter than this and gradually get heavier as the final tree shape . deciduous tree. These can be pulled and stretched to a fine point or edge to take out just a small area of pencil if you want .in fact it's better if they're not. achieving the full thickness of many of the lower branches. lower branches in one go.! Look at Sketch 1 on the right. The circles don't even have to be perfectly round . In this case the Ace of Clubs represents a rounded. How to Draw Trees . the photo also shows a putty eraser. you'll see all sorts of shapes that you will realise can simplify or inspire you to draw and paint all sorts of things. I can start to use more of the point to get the finer lines needed here.. I've drawn these lines a bit heavier than you should. Incidentally. when I come to shade in larger areas. I can do this much more quickly and effectively holding the pencil this way.Notice first that the top (black) pencil has a long point on it. but what could be simpler than a long.a perfect starting point for learning how to draw trees! As you become more experienced. Ever played cards? Almost certainly. The long point on the black pencil means that I can make a broader. Look at the three marks I've made . in one go.Step 1 Right. Let's get going. Look at this sketch of the Ace of Clubs. What do you see . Pencil sharpeners are OK but you can't get the tip of the pencil like this with them. Also. As I reach the uppermost twigs.. I've stretched this out so the circles are all different sizes and the base is a bit more elongated. more confident line. The tip of the yellow pencil has been done with a pencil sharpener. I've achieved this with a craft knife. Already a believable tree is starting to take shape.Step 2 In sketch 2. The widest one is achieved just by holding the pencil with the point flat to the paper. so they show up on the web page. like a pastel stick. This is perfect for sweeping in the thicker. This will soon wear down as you sketch and you'll be constantly stopping to re-sharpen it. thin triangle or upturned popcorn cone to give you the basis of a fir tree? The Ace of Clubs is quite simply three circles and a triangle for the base.all with this same point. See them as a simple framework as a simple way to get you started sketching trees.

Step 3 Now look at Sketch 3. they are just that .Step 4 A frequent problem when students are sketching trees is that they have the light coming from different directions. They're quite thick at first but gradually taper as they reach the edges of the tree.. Notice how I've kept these lines quite raggedy to represent the random way trees grow. don't concern yourself about producing specific species of tree just yet . . Remember to pick the direction the sun is coming from and stick to it! How to Draw Trees .we can look at that when you've built up your confidence with this How to Draw Trees ..develops. the next usually diverges a bit further up. I've started to draw branches from the main trunk. They put shadows on opposite sides of branches at different points and it looks all wrong. If you just want learn how to draw trees in winter.a guide .. The opposite side of the branches and trunk will be in shadow .. That wouldn't be how nature intended! When you're first learning how to draw trees a useful tip is to ensure that as one branch diverges from the trunk. Don't worry if your guidelines aren't perfect .and some of them will be rubbed out shortly anyway. It's very rare that two branches split exactly opposite each other from the main branch.remember.in this case the left hand side. Also. The sunny side will be the lightest . One thing I don't want to do is make them appear too even. then you can start shading in the branches at this point.

However. it will be dark around the sky holes where you can see branches. but not all. As well as the main shadows being on the opposite side of the tree. it would look very forced and unreal.Step 5 Sketch 5 is where the real fun starts in learning how to draw trees.. . I've drawn some light outlines around these remaining branches just to remind you that these are your 'sky holes'. I've also rubbed out some. When I teach students how to draw trees I always emphasise how important it is to create a threedimensional effect and also show the 'openness' of the tree.However. Remember. Once you've a little more experience you won't need to bother with this.. As in Sketch 4. How to Draw Trees . as will the shadow on the ground. for a tree this size. of the branches. The ones left are those you can see through the leaves. a tree is not a flat object. I've lightly scribbled an outline round the edge of the tree. Remember. to decide which direction your sunlight is coming from. you're aiming for an impression of leaves and the lights and darks in the tree. You're now about to switch on the sunlight by adding shadows and putting back in some highlights. These visible branches will almost always be in silhouette and quite dark. There are many ways you can draw leaves. Putting in some branches here and there gives the impression of them twisting in and out of view as they spread to the outer edges of the tree. the one thing you don't want is to draw each individual leaf! Apart from driving you slowly mad. Instead. even more than with the winter tree. It has branches coming towards and going away from you as well as the ones you see either side and in the centre as well. a summer tree covered in leaves needs a little more work.

then lift out highlights with an eraser. . This. Dark areas can be filled in to create lights and darks next to each other.Try letting your pencil dance over the tree in a demented scribble. with a little practice. Or you could shade in most areas as with the Ace of Clubs in sketch 1. can create an excellent representation of leaves. The sketches below show these ideas in more detail.

. Finally... Hopefully. Look at the examples in the sketch of the trunks (above) for comparison and see how the right hand drawing makes the trunk 'grow' right out of the ground and not sit on top of it.When you add your shadow on the ground on the opposite side from the sunlight. These tend to be either rounded balls or flat.. Remember also when you learn how to draw trees. this tutorial has given you a few pointers to give you the confidence to get going.just the main leaf clusters. put a smaller area of shadow on the ground on the sunlit side as these branches would still cast some shadows. as in the case of evergreens. The bottom half of the visible part of the trunk should be lit up with sunlight on one side. to draw your boughs and branches from the base upwards i.To Sum Up. The eye will then happily 'fill in' the branch's position behind the leaf clusters even though you haven't actually drawn it. Simplification is the key! You're looking for a basic outline to begin with and you don't want to copy every leaf . Notice that I've also taken out the bottom line where the trunk meets the ground. whatever the position of the sun. as the tree would 'grow'.e. Look at Sketch 5. Now have a look out of your window or find a photo of a real tree and try copying it. learning how to draw trees is often easier to do than to describe. as with many art techniques. with the other side in increasing shadow... The trunk area immediately below the bottom leaf clusters will usually all be in shadow as very little light will be able to reach. . Make sure each branch in your sky holes appears to come from a logical point on the trunk below.

Henry Ford saw the wreck of a French car after a race in Florida and noticed it was built from a much lighter and more durable alloy . It was certainly the first mass-produced car. However.. even for the experienced artist! Look at the photo here of the classic Ford Model T which is going to be the subject of this 'how to draw a car' tutorial. Apparently. during the planning stages of his original masterpiece. with over 15 million models being built world-wide between 1908 and 1927. I've done this in black pen so you can see the lines easier. although only in later years. the only vehicles using this high-quality alloy were luxury French cars and the Ford Model T.including cars. enough of the history lesson. you'll notice they're constructed like a series of boxes. For several years. . Even today.000 models still exist around the world. I suggest you use an HB pencil which is dark enough to see but will erase easily. James Bond's famous sports car that first appeared in 'Goldfinger' back in 1964. For example. Let's look at how to draw a car! - How to Draw A Car . if you click on the link to 'How to Draw' at the bottom of this article you'll find a tutorial on the Aston Martin DB5. This is arguably the most famous of the old-time cars. See how the simple box shape forms the basis of the whole vehicle.How to Draw A Car in Four Easy Steps Learning how to draw a car can be confusing for the newcomer. Actually it's not difficult to achieve if you're shown what to do.vanadium steel . Henry Ford's oft-quoted comment "You can have any color as long as it's black" related to the Model T. you can get to the Section on using just five basic shapes to draw anything you want . over 100.Stage 1 Look at Stage 1 of 'How to Draw a Car'.than he proposed using. if you want to learn to draw a car which is a much older 'classic'. of course! This makes it much easier to start to get a good likeness early on always a great confidence booster. He quickly incorporated this into his designs and stole a march on his major rivals. In fact if you click on the link on the next line.. Right.

This will make this three-quarter view 'look right' when we come to add all the details. As you become more confident you'll notice that your drawing speeds up and the lines you produce will look more professional. . Incidentally. but oval. your going to erase many of these construction lines as you progress. it's starting to look like an old car already. if you're a beginner. If you want to print this image to use it to trace the outline. notice how far forwards the nearside front 'wheel' is (actually the oblong furthest to the right in the sketch!). I suggest you enlarge it slightly on your printer if possible. As you can see. feel free. Keep within the oblongs you've drawn and observe carefully the shape of the wheels I've drawn. then scribble pencil on the reverse (a bit like carbon paper) and lightly trace it onto your drawing paper. tracing an image isn't 'cheating' as some might say. By the way. Get this box shape in roughly the correct proportions and you can be confident your finished version is going to be pretty well spot on. it's still only blocks . A series of quick light lines will look better and actually give some 'movement' to the wheels.Stage 3 This is where you start to see how a Ford Model T is emerging.Stage 2 Now I've started to put in some detail.Use this and other blocks as 'scaffolding' to develop your drawing.or anything else for that matter . If it helps you at first to understand that much quicker and more thoroughly how to draw a car . How to Draw A Car . Start rounding off the relevant parts such as the wheels and headlamps. Notice that the angle you are working at means the wheels aren't round.then go for it! How to Draw A Car .even the wheels are still square! However. rub out and go over that section again. If you do get it wrong. Remember.

Add some shadow where the wheels touch the ground as well. under the car and the interior.Stage 4 Having got the outline to your satisfaction. etc. Now take your rubber . A good way to bring out highlights in this drawing is to lightly shade all the bodywork with your pencil. darks and all the details that really make it look like a Ford Model T. Notice how the hatching (shading) on the bonnet. Now add your darkest darks in the wheel arches. This always helps and object to 'sit down' on the ground.and lift out highlights from the grey bodywork. straight out of Detroit! . there you have it! A 1926 Ford Model T. now you can add the lights. a little practice and perseverance. Decide which side your sunlight is coming from and maintain that consistency when you emphasise the highlights. And with a bit of luck.a putty rubber which you can mould to a point is ideal . seats and roof help to illustrate the shape and angle of the panels.How to Draw A Car .

Not so. managed to spirit the DB5 away into the night. Follow the four simple steps below and you'll soon be drawing any make and model you want. How to Draw Cars .! Sadly. the car was stolen from its secure storage in an aircraft hangar in 1997. people may want to learn to draw a car without it being a specific model. all you need to do is to put some basic shapes together to make it look realistic.How to Draw Cars in Four Easy Steps Learning how to draw cars to re-create the look of a particular model may appear at first to be a step too far for the newcomer to drawing.still starts with some basic oblong shapes.Stage 1 As you can see. including machine guns. The film buffs amongst you will know it also made a re-appearance following year in Thunderball. To the best of my knowledge it has never been recovered.. locks and a barbed wire security fence and without alerting security guards.James Bond's silver Aston Martin DB5 from the 1964 film 'Goldfinger'. . The top box will become the windscreen and interior and the vertical lines on the right hand side of the sketch are to mark the position of the wheels. the bits like headlamps and mudguards that used to be bolted onto the box made them a little more complex to finish off. etc! It was bought at auction for around $275. Older cars from the twenties and thirties tended to be a more boxlike shape than their modern counterparts.000 in 1986 . the thieves cut through alarms. Either way. we'll learn to draw probably the most famous 'film' car ever .. If you're not sure.think what that would be worth 20 years on . learning how to draw cars -even sleek ones like this . we're just going to draw the car. ejector seats and revolving number plates. click on the link on the next line to find out how just using five simple shapes can be used to draw anything. However. On the other hand. not the multitude of gadgets it came with. after being widely exhibited. Don't worry. In true Bond tradition. Look in the links at the end for the article on older cars where I'll be using the Model Ford T as the subject. However in this tutorial.

feel free. I suggest you use an HB pencil which is dark enough to see but will erase easily. .I've done these in black pen so you can see the lines easier. with a few triangles even the wheels are still square! However. then scribble pencil on the reverse (a bit like carbon paper) and lightly trace it onto your drawing paper. Draw lightly at first. As you become more confident you'll notice that your drawing speeds up and the lines you produce will look more professional. A series of quick light lines will look better and actually give some 'movement' to the picture. rub out and go over that section again.or anything else for that matter . If you do get it wrong. Remember. A slow heavy line will look labored and probably go wrong anyway. tracing an image isn't 'cheating' as some might say. it's starting to look like a car already. By the way. As you can see. How to Draw Cars . Try drawing faster and lighter than you'd expect.Stage 2 Now I've started to put in some detail. If you want to print this image to use it to trace the outline. I suggest you enlarge it slightly on your printer if possible. If it helps you at first to understand that much quicker and more thoroughly how to draw cars .Stage 3 This is where you start to believe you really are learning how to draw cars! Start rounding off the relevant parts of the bodywork. it's still only blocks.. if you're a beginner..then go for it! How to Draw Cars . you're going to erase many of these construction lines as you progress.

And there you have it. under the car and the interior.a putty rubber which you can mould to a point is ideal . Decide which side your sunlight is coming from and maintain that consistency when you emphasise the highlights. darks and all the details that really make it look like a DB5. The original 'Bond' car developed quite quickly and easily from a few square blocks.How to Draw Cars . etc. now you can add the lights. 'Hope you enjoyed it! . Now add your darkest darks in the wheel arches.and lift out highlights from the grey bodywork. Now take your rubber . A good way to bring out highlights in this drawing is to lightly shade all the bodywork with your pencil.Stage 4 Having got the outline to your personal satisfaction. You can use this technique to give the car its subtle curves.

ovals and circles. It's what works for you that's important. You might see a drawing of a flower starting off as an oval. Break them down into several of the basic shapes. Just concentrate on doing them quickly and lightly. It doesn't matter. oblong and oval . lightly and quickly sketch these shapes a few times. Learn to Draw Whatever You Want .a house. boat. tree and so on can easily be constructed by using one or a combination of just five basic shapes. Someone else learning how to draw could see the same flower as a circle. mountain. Trust me. circle. Fine! After a little practice you'll be amazed at how confident your later efforts will be compared to your first attempts. You are only using them as guidelines so your circles can be less than perfect. whilst triangles can be stretched in several directions. animal. a face.Learn to Draw Whatever You Want You want to learn to draw but don't know where to start? Well look no further! This tutorial will show you that just by using a few simple shapes that anyone can manage. Do different sizes and proportions of each one. triangle. Let these basic shapes be your slave not your master! Don't forget that oblongs and ovals can be longer or fatter than those shown. . On a piece of scrap paper. Below I've created a bird from a few triangles.just like these below :- Now read on to see how easy it is to learn to draw using these shapes to start you off . Draw these in lightly at first to get the general outline of what you want. Every object you look at around you . your squares not quite square. you can learn to draw literally anything you want to. I promise you'll get better and more confident the more you practice.. But how do you learn to draw more complex objects? Easy. You can see it's just a rough little sketch and I've made no attempt to tidy the image up or otherwise 'sanitise' for the web page. with increasing confidence and enjoyment. I hope that by seeing my 'warts'n all' sketches it'll inspire you to learn to draw.. I want you to see that all these practice sketches are less than perfect because that's what they are practice! It's tempting for me to clean up these lines . All you need is a square. it's OK to have all those little smudges and roughly drawn guidelines to start with.Step 1 The beauty of this method of learning how to draw is that you choose the shape or shapes.maybe even go over them in ink and get rid of all the unwanted marks so it looks somehow more 'professional' to the viewer. The shapes don't have to be exact. However. You may need to go over the circle two or three times before it looks right to you. Allow yourself only about 5 or 10 seconds at most to sketch each shape.

. It's a great way to learn to draw . As it should be. You'll be amazed how your drawing improves under pressure! The clock ticking away forces you to avoid fiddling and trying to get things absolutely perfect.Step 2 Next we have a simple wine bottle and glass. If you're not happy. What often happens is that people who are trying to learn how to draw spend loads of time laboriously drawing part of the object in minute detail.. That's how you learn! What using these basic shapes does is show you at once if you've got the overall proportions correct. set yourself a time limit. .. (Perfection rarely happens anyway).but then I've had a bit of practice! You could easily do this in under ten minutes.and quick too. A typical problem is that they're going OK then realise that they've not allowed enough room for the completed image to fit on their paper. Try it. by doing these rough practice sketches without constraints. They don't want to start again. Then they find that it becomes progressively less like what they intended so frustration and fatigue sets in. Instead. you'll just be able to see some which were initially drawn in the wrong place.. more refined image. In fact.! Learn to Draw Whatever You Want . However. the brain instinctively picks out the important lines that give you the broad shape. done that! Loads! The only way to avoid this is to get your broad shapes down on the paper to start with so you know everything fits! Getting the main shapes down quickly also means you save time and retain your enthusiasm as you see what you're drawing start to look like how you imagine it should do. Been there.Then you can think about producing a tidier. If you look carefully at the lines on the basic 'construction' sketch. so they try and 'manipulate' the rest of the picture into the remaining space on the paper. you'll learn to draw the finished piece so much better. it's a simple process to adjust the size and outline of one or more of the shapes until it looks right. It never works . The whole thing including the more detailed bird sketch below took me about two minutes .

which has been drawn too small anyway and they can never get all four legs the same length or width. Yet see how it already looks in proportion with just the basic shapes. you'll learn to use these examples incorporating light and shade. In the tutorial on how to draw solid. Or. How To Draw Anything You Want -Step 3 Let's take the slightly complex outline of a cow using the basic shapes . . You'll therefore be able to progress very easily from sketching a flat simple. Notice that the bottom half of the circle used for the rounded top section of the bottle has been discarded in the developed drawing.disaster. they then rub out the rest and then try to marry up the new bits up with what's left. By the way. three-dimensional objects. I'm keeping things simple for you. Also note that it is quite easy to round off the flat base of the bottle in the final drawing as well as the bottle label helping to promote a rounder. which give the cow its distinctive squat.especially a four-legged one! The head ends up as big as the body . to build your confidence in getting familiar objects looking right. having drawn in detail one bit of the animal to a standard they're happy with. Result .. It's now not too difficult to round off some of these construction lines to create a more realistic beast as below.. angular appearance.I've partially erased them but left enough to show how easy it is to adjust the image this way 'till you're satisfied with it.. more 3D effect. don't throw these first efforts away when you've finished them. At this stage. frustration and a lot of wasted time and effort. framework and learn to draw great-looking three-dimensional items that really come to life with highlights and shadows! Right! Let's move on to a subject many students avoid at all costs! People doing learn to draw courses invariably panic when first asked to do a sketch of an animal . Oh yes! And they can't fit them in anyway because they've drawn the body too close to the bottom of the paper . All we have used is an oblong and a series of triangles..

Now if you're starting to learn to draw. Look at the two images below. don't worry if it takes several attempts before you start to get it right. That's quite normal. having practised these simple exercises. you'll learn to draw in a different way now. And look how easy it is to draw the head in a different position. However. you'll see subjects as one or more simple shapes instead of a jumble of lines and colors that put you off before you start.Why does this happen? It's because you learn to draw it armed with the confidence that you've got the basic shape right at the outset. This is painting I did a while back of a typical English village cricket scene. just by moving some triangles around! Summary Now. More and more. where would you begin on the outlines for this? Never mind having to paint it as well! a .

Decide which of the basic shapes would best fit it.that of observation.. I haven't marked everything otherwise it would get too confusing. By doing this you're starting a process that will really help you learn to draw . So go on. In the second image I've marked in red some basic shapes that replicate some of the elements in the picture. Get your pencil and paper and start right now! .they're a guideline.. The more you practise this the more your brain will store up these images for you to pull out and sketch in the future. it's a lot easier than you might think. You can of course copy these pictures I've done or pick up a magazine or have a look at any photo. Better still look at some object around you .. and oblong lakes! You choose the shapes..anything at all.Well. not a straitjacket! Notice how you can have triangular clouds and square trees if you want. You can see that they're not a perfect match but they don't need to be . using the system I've just gone through.

imagine they are all looking directly at spot on the brick wall on the left directly in line with the height of their eyes from the ground. The main point you need to remember is that things appear smaller the further they are away. And that's all a perspective drawing is. It's how you see things which will always be a little bit different from me or anyone else.Stage 1 Look at the two sketches of the four different figures below. . They're all different because each figure is at a different height so they're seeing different things. you know they are in reality the same size. I've shaded the 4 bricks in the wall that each one is looking at. Yet it's not as complicated as you may think. Each sees a different brick. even though the nearer one looks bigger. In the first.. Imagine also that they're so focussed on this one brick that they can't see anything else either side or above or below it.Perspective Drawing . the far end slopes away from us and we accept this as quite normal..Master Perspective Drawing First Time! Many people who learn to draw and paint think perspective drawing involves lots of technical skill and hours of practice. Follow the simple steps in this tutorial to get the basics right and you'll be producing correctly proportioned drawings and paintings in no time at all. If you understand that drawing anything involves just five basic shapes then perspective drawing is only a means of stretching these shapes a slightly different way. such as lamp posts on the railway platform in the picture (above-right) for instance. If it wasn't it would look pretty unusual and the roof would probably slide off one end! Yet when we draw it as a 'perspective drawing'. if you have two identical items. Why? Because we're seeing it 'in perspective'. a house wall viewed from the front is normally the same height at both ends. Equally. Learn Perspective Drawing in this tutorialHowever. ie in a three-dimensional way.

so it will appear to each of them to be a slightly different shape.Stage 2 Now let's look at the three sketches of a house. But what has happened? They all see the same brick from a different angle.. If you're not sure about this. In one case a figure is looking down at the brick. as if you were standing up.. We're looking at it from a different angle so the first is the proverbial worm's eye view. think of watching a ball game or a game of soccer from the back of the top tier of the stands. perspective! Perspective Drawing .or. Then watch the same game from pitchside. The second has your eye level set on the centre of the house.. However as your eye level moves to the top of the house in the third view you are looking down as if you were at an upper window opposite. . whilst the other two are looking up at it.In the next sketch they are all looking at the same brick.. another one is looking straight at it. Each one is slightly different. You get a totally different view .

The important thing is that all the thick lines should be on the feint construction lines.a theoretical point where all these lines join up and 'vanish'. Draw the horizontal lines of your building. in the lower sketch. ie: the roofline. And make sure they all start from the same Vanishing Points. Yet all we've done is adjusted your EYE LEVEL.. door and windows vertically. like mine.In the three sketches.Stage 3 Now look at the examples below.. it's as if you're on an extendable ladder as you see the same building from three different points. it suggests you are some way above it. Notice the more you show of the road (or the deeper your 'S' is). All it is is a couple of large 'S' shapes that merge on the horizon line. So HOW DO we adjust it? Dead easy! The two points on either side of the building where all the construction lines meet are called the Vanishing Points (VP) . There can be as many of these lines as you need. Then draw the sides of the building. 'till you get the hang of it. the top of the door and top and bottom of the windows on these construction lines. the 'S' (road) is much more compressed. You'll find you have the whole house as a perfect perspective drawing! This is one exercise where I'd really encourage you to use a ruler. Put them in heavier than the construction lines as in the sketches. Now here's the simple but clever bit. . On the other hand. Perspective Drawing . or the perspective drawing will look wrong. You decide.

Or the lines could be straighter and be a pattern on a table cloth. I've put them in to emphasise the distance. You would draw the tablecloth or a carpet using exactly the same principles of foreshortening and perspective drawing. have a look at the figure in each sketch. See what happens. the more you flatten the 'S' shapes. Your view is automatically lowered and you appear to be standing at ground level. Of course this could be a river instead of a road. They're both the same size. the lower the view of your perspective drawing. further reinforcing the lower viewpoint.The actual space between the foreground and the horizon is in reality much narrower than the first sketch. You don't need to bother with the hills.. To emphasise the point. but in the lower one.. All you need to make the road are the two large 'S' shapes.. gradually coming together on the horizon. Try this yourself.Remember.. . he stands way above the horizon line.

shrunk or moved forward or backwards on the shelf... but once the penny drops. Not what you think ought to be there! . Sure. What has happened? The bottles appear to have grown. if you see what I mean! I hope this introduction to simple perspective will take some of the fear and mystery out of it. it takes a little practice and perseverance.. Look carefully and draw what you see. you're perspective drawing will come on in leaps and bounds.Stage 4 In the two final sketches I've drawn a line of bottles on a shelf. However in the final sketch notice how I've deliberately drawn several of the bottles above or below the guidelines and a couple with different shapes.. by not using them.Perspective Drawing . Yet all I've done to achieve this is to use the guidelines . good observation is the key. Remember. All the same principles apply by sticking to the perspective drawing guidelines in the first sketch to ensure all the bottles are the same height and in line. or for some of the bottles.

Composition roules .