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1. Describe the internal structure of the earth. 2. Give the earthquake belts of India. 3. Define isometric system of crystals.

4. Give the physical properties of Mica. 5. What are metamorphic rocks? 6. Define 'Gneissose structure'. 7. What are outcrops? 8. Describe electrical resistivity survey. 9. What are rotational slides? 10. Explain the advantages of remote sensing techniques in geological investigations. PART B (5 ? 16 = 80 marks) 11. Elaborate on the geological conditions required for locating tunnels with neat diagrams. 12. (a) Describe the various types of weathering of rocks. Or (b) Discuss in detail about the geological work of rivers. 13. (a) Elaborate on the various physical properties which are helpful in the identification of minerals. Or (b) Explain the physical properties of Feldspar group of minerals. 14. (a) What are sedimentary rocks? Explain the properties of any FOUR sedimentary rocks. Or (b) Describe the engineering properties of rocks? Give the engineering properties of important igneous and metamorphic rocks. 15. (a) Explain the parts of faults with a neat diagram. Describe the important types of faults with neat diagrams. Or (b) What are folds? Explain the types of folds with diagrams and their bearing on the engineering constructions. Earth and its forces Importance of Earth Science in Civil Engineering Definition and scope of engineering geology,in construction jobs, planning, design, operation and execution. Topography of Earth Surface Continents; classification and structural components, Ocean basin; continental margins,Abyssal Regions,Mid-Oceanic Ridge, area time scale.

Study of Interior of Earth Introduction, seismological evidence, constitution of interior earth, physical properties and behaviour. Plate Tectonics Theory - Introduction, concept,importance of continental and plate tectonic theories, characteristics and significance of plates, types of plates and its movement, causes, recognition of potential geologic hazards zones. Forces Endogenetic Earthquakes Introduction, terminologies, types of earthquakes, causes and effects of earthquakes, engineering consideration aseismic design. Volcanoes Introduction, terminologies, products of volcanoes, types of volcanoes, volcanic topography, engineering consideration. (10 Periods) UNIT II Forces and gradational agents Forces Exogenesis Weathering Definition, types of weathering, weathering landforms, and engineering considerationsGradational agents Work of River Introduction, terminologies, work of river; lGradational agents Work of River Introduction, terminologies, work of river; landform features, drainage patterns and engineering considerations. Wind - Introduction, terminologies, work of wind, landform features, impact of wind and engineering considerations. Sea - Introduction, terminologies, work of sea, landform features, impact of sea and engineering

considerations. Landslides Introduction, terminologies, stability of slopes, types of slides, causes of slides, prevention and rehabilitation. (10 Periods) UNIT III Minerals and Rocks Minerals Definition, formation of minerals, properties and types of minerals, descriptive physical properties of the following minerals for megascopic identification; quarts, orthoclase, muscovite, biotite, kyanite, garnet, beryl, talc, chlorite, bauxite, apatite, haematite, magnetite, chromite, calcite, dolomite, magnesite, gypsum, graphite, kaolinite, illite and montmorillonite. Rocks - Introduction, rock cycle, formation, composition, texture, structure of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, physical description of the following rock types; Igneous granite, syenite, gabbro, dolerite, basalt and charnockite.Sedimentary Conglomerate, sandstone, shale, limestone and laterite. Metamorphic slate, schist, gneiss, quartzite and marble. Age classification of rocks and standard geologic time scale. (10 Periods) UNIT IV Properties of rocks Physical properties Introduction, study of rock properties; Porosity, permeability, moisture content, swelling, durability,

anisotropy, thermal and electrical conductivity magnetic and radiation characteristics. Mechanical properties Inroduction, density, strength, Classification of strength; compressive, shear and tensile, elasticity and plasiticity. Strengthening of property of rocks and its classification Introduction, importance, grouting material, methods of grouting; rock bolting and rock anchorage, engineering classification of rocks; introduction, classification system based on weathering, coates classification and geomechanical classification systems. Rock structures Introduction, types, mechanics and causes of folding of rocks, classification of joints and its types, mechanics and causes of faulting, landforms developed by folding and faulting. (10 Periods) UNIT V Geological aspects in site selection Roads Introduction, terminologies, classification of roads, problems and failures, and general geological investigation required for pavement site selection. Dams Introduction, terminologies, classification and types of dams, problems and failures, and general geological investigation required for dam site selection. Tunnels Introduction, terminologies, classification, methods of tunneling, and general geological investigation

required for tunnel site selection.Bridges and Tall StructuBridges and Tall Structures Introduction, terminologies, classification, geological investigation required for bridges and tall structures site selection. (10 Periods) Text book: 1. Parbin Singh,Engineering and General Geology,6 th edition,S.K.Kattaria & Sons,2001. Reference books: 1. Holmes,A.Principles of Physical Geology,Thomas Nelson and Sons,London,1978. 2. Billings,M.P.Structural Geology,Prentice Hall,New Jersy,1973. 3. Gupta and Rastogi,B.K.Dams and Earthquakes, Elsevier and Scientific Publishing Company,New York,1976. 4. Robert F.Legget,Geology and Engineering,Mcgraw Hill Company,New York,1939. 5. Lawrence Lundgren,Environmental Geology, Prentice Hall International Ltd., London. 6. Santhosh Kumar Garg,Physical and Engineering Geology,Khanna Publishers,Delhi-6,1999. 7. Verma,B.P,Rock Mechanics for Engineers, Khanna Publishers,1997. 8. Bell,F.G,Engineering Geology and Geotechnics,Butterworths,London,1980. 9. Krynine,D.P and Judd,W.R. Engineering and General Geology,McGraw Hill,New York,1957. B27 GEO-INFORMATICS LABORATORY 1. List structural components of topography. 2. All earthquakes cause liquefaction. True or false? 3. List causes of landslides. 4. Define weathering.

5. Define minerals. 6. Which of the following is a metamorphic rock? a. Granite b. Basalt c. Gneiss 7. How do you identify clayey minerals from non clayey minerals? 8. Name the factors which affect quality of building materials. 9. List various methods of grouting for strengthening of rocks. 10.What are the complicated regions for roads? Understanding 1. Explain how earthquake occurs? What is your inferences about the recent past earthquakes occurred in and around the world? 2. What do you understand from the internal constitution of the earth as inferred by the seismologists? 3. Summarize types of slides and its triggering factors. 4. Discuss the geological activity of river and its impact on topography. 5. Write physical properties and uses of the following materials in civil engineering. a. calcite b. chromite c. bauxite 6. Explain how textures and structures of sedimentary rocks are formed? Department of Civil Engineering 3 7. Summarize mechanical properties of rocks and strength of materials, with examples. 8. Write classification of folds and its mechanism and causes. 9. Summarize the need of preliminary and detailed geological investigation required for any civil engineering works or activities. 10. Discuss various controlling factors of weathering and its impact on human beings. Apply: 1. How do you identify different types of gradational features in the field?

2. How civil engineering structures could be protected from the hazards like earthquake, slides, volcanic eruptions, tsunami, flooding etc.,- ? 3. Comment on role of geotechnical engineer in weathering prone regions? 4. Describe the geological work of sea and add a note on task of civil engineer in these areas. 5. Write step by step procedures to identify minerals in the field. 6. How do you distinguish igneous rocks from sedimentary rocks in the field? 7. On what basis civil engineer should select materials for their works? 8. How do you strengthen weakening rocks (site improvement)? Discuss. 9. Comment on geological consideration in tunneling. 10. Discuss geological investigation to be carried out for construction of bridges. Analyze: 1. Write the mechanism behind the movement of tectonic plates and its causes. 2. How earth has natural magnetic and electrical properties in it? 3. Can we predict earthquake? Analyze. 4. Why civil engineers are always being carefully considered the endogenetic sudden forces for their design works? 5. What type of minerals could be used in civil engineering works? Why? 6. Why sedimentary terrain is not selected by the civil engineer for any major construction works in general? Comment on it. 7. Analyze how properties of rocks limit the work of civil engineer in all his construction works? 8. How rock structures limit the design of structures? 9. Analyze the required geological conditions for construction of dams. 10.What are the preliminary geological investigations to be carried out for construction of tall structures? Department of Civil Engineering

4 Create 1. How would you change building codes/zoning regulations in regions of earthquake prone regions? 2. How do you find out slope stability and susceptibility factor for an area of landslide prone regions and also preventing methods? 3. Discuss how weathering and tectonic forces impose slides in an area? 4. Comment on interrelationship between plate movements and the distribution of high intensity of earthquake and active volcanic regions. 5. Earth activities starts from M.O.R comment on it. 6. Write the importance and uses of Minerals Rocks in civil engineering works. 7. Synthesis how the physical properties of rocks controls the mechanical properties of rocks and in turn how it limits the design and execution works of civil engineer? 8. Explain how rock structures and geological conditions limit the design and execution works of civil engineer? 9. Write essay on Geological Time Scale and the occurrence and distribution of minerals and rocks. 10.What are the criterias followed by the civil engineer for the site selection and how they overcome the problems encountered if any in the field?