1. Avignon Papacy a. Many French Cardinals i. 12 New French Cardinals b. Pope Clement V (1305-1377) i.

Moves papal residence to Avignon, France ii. He was French iii. Flee chaos of Rome 1. Avoid Roman chaos 2. Help with French/English tensions 3. Return to homeland iv. Deal with French papal issues v. Promote peace between France and England c. 7 Popes will reside in Avignon d. Pope Gregory XI (1377) i. Returns to Rome 2. St. Catherine of Siena a. Committed to enter order at age 7 b. Joins women’s order at age 16 c. Mystic- Very personal relationship with God d. Extreme poverty and devote prayer e. Works with sick from bubonic plague f. Writes to civil leaders and popes i. Wrote to Gregory XI and tells him to go back to Rome g. Stigmata- Receiving the wounds of Christ h. Doctor of the Church (1 of 3 women) i. Monastic life when first entered into Dominican Order 3. Western Schism (1378-1417) a. Gregory dies b. 1378- Pope Urban VI was elected c. French Cardinals declare Urban VI invalid after 6 months i. Elect Anti-Pope (1378) Clement VIIAvignon 4. Conciliarism-(Heresy) a. 1409 Local council of Pisa i. Said a council is greater that papal authority ii. Council can depose a Pope nd b. 2 Antipope in Pisa- 1409 i. Pope John XXIII 5. 16th Ecumenical Council a. Council of Constance (1414-1418)

Humanism i. Arts.“How great can one become?” vi. architecture ii. 16 Century o Martin Luther (Germany) o Ulrich Zwingli (Switzerland) o John Calvin o Henry IV (England) (FranceSwitzerland)  Personal reason a. Anthropocentric. 1 antipopeAgrees with council ii. Potential of an individual to flourish iv. Man replaces God v. Domes. symmetry. Secular Humanism i. Renaissance. Based on splendor v. Recognition that without God(grace) we are nothing and we can do nothing th 7. Emphasis of the individual iii. Pope Gregory XIIAgrees to council if people recognize him as real pope and then he abdicates(Steps down) b.“Re-birth” i. Catholic Humanism i. All focus on “I” d. Focus of human (individual) ii. Pope Martin V (1417) i. learning. Martin Luther .Centered around man iii. 15 Century a. splendor b. Striving to Flourish in all that is true and good ii. Elected as new Pope th 6. Striving to Flourish in all that is true and good ii. Promotes agnostic/atheist mentality vi. Individualism is everything iv. All about man 1. Splendor. Theocentric iv. Dies in exile still claiming to be Pope iii. I > God vii. Potential for individual to flourish c.i. Excellence iii. 1 antipopeDoesn’t agree and loses support 1. Centered around theology 1.

Questioned how anyone could become worthy of salvation 5. Sola Fide “By faith alone” 2. Sola Scriptura “Scripture alone” a. Upheld that human nature as fundamentally corrupt a. Divine revelation is through scripture alone i. Man= Corrupt 6. Theology develops 7. Bread is still bread with Jesus’ presence for awhile vi. Born in 1483 in Saxony. Sola Gratia “By grace alone” a. Grace allows you to do good works c. 1530: 1. 1517 2. Eucharist a. Rejected 7 books of Scripture that were originally written in Greek 10. Translated bible into German 9. Declaration of Lutheran beliefs(summary) 2. Struggle with scrupulosity a. Gives us ability to accept it or reject it if given to us 3. Becomes Augustinian monk at age 22 3. Helped Luther spread his religion 8. Consubstantiation i. German nationalism a. Germany 2. Saw things as more sinful than what they were 4. Baptism 2. Rejects Papal authority v. Augsburg Confession a. Re-summarized Lutheran teachings/beliefs and made them stronger . Rejection of free will b. Rejects all but 2 sacraments 1. Rejection of sacred tradition iv. Struggled with the book of James (preferred Paul) ii. Addressed indulgences iii. Biography 1. Latin terms: 1. 95 Theses 1.i. Posted it on Church door in Wittenberg 3. The only way you can be saved is to believe i. Book of Concord a.

Sinless city (Idea) 5. Synod of Dort (1618-1619) 1.I. You could tell if someone was elect 1. Creates Theocracy in Geneva. Impacted by Luther iv. U Universal predestination .P. …for Hellthe Reprobate 5.b. Well educated all life 2. God is all powerful 2. Calvin’s teaching= T. Doctrine of Double penetration was a doctrine of comfort viii. Said sacraments were reenactments of what Jesus did 4. Calvinist but with some differences ii. T Total deprivation a. Some are predestined for Heaventhe Elect 4. Very systematic ii. Said Double Predestination is based on God’s foreknowledge of who will have faith 1. Grace= Irresistible vii. Double Predestination 1.L. Step back to free will and Catholic Teaching iii. Human nature is totally corrupt 2. Focused on God being all powerful (omnipotent) vi. Jacob Arminius i. They do good acts (God’s grace is seen) c.U. Biography 1. Predestination (most well know idea) v. 1. A respond to Arminius iv. Makes so many rules that would allow for a city of the Elect i. John Calvin i. Switzerland a. Flowed from one idea to another iii. Lawyer 6. Rejects sacramental Grace 3. Develops a theology a. No free will affecting grace and salvation 3. Material property 2. A meeting to summarize Calvin’s teaching and separate them from Arminius’ teachings 2. Institutes of the Christian Religion (Calvin’s book) 1.

Tendency of doing good v. Biography 1.” viii. Ulrich Zwingli i. Thomas More 1. Catholic Teaching on Predestination 1. Priest 3. St. “I die the King’s good servant.Henry’s Chancellor 1. Imprisoned and then beheaded 4. Christ only atoned for sins of Elect 4. Says he is still Catholic but is out of communion with Church vi. We are all Pre-destined for Heaven. but God allows our will (Freedom) to play a role in salvation 3. Double predestination 3.a. Wants an annulment iii. John Fisher 1. A human being can not play a role in grace (Reject/receive/accept) 5. I Irresistible grace a. Daughter of Ferdinand & Isabella ii. Henry VIII i. P Perseverance of the Saints a. Henry Act of Supremacy (1536) 1. Cardinal Wosley. Bishop St. Declares himself leader of Church in England 2. We can freely choose to reject them d. L Limited atonement a. Saints are the Elect b. Also would not take oath to Act of Supremacy . Not Double Predestination 2. Anglican Church of England vii. Sollas e. Iconoclast 5. Married to Catherine of Aragon (17 years) 1. Chancellor after Wosley dies 2. Theocracy in Zurich Switzerland 2. Rejects all sacraments 4. but God’s first. Anne Boleyn 1. Would not take oath to Act of Supremacy 3. Thomas Cranmeroversaw wedding of Henry & Anne iv. Talks to Rome for annulment denied v.

Clarify Doctrine ii. Has Thomas Cromwell become chancellor 1. Guidelines for Bishops a. Simony with indulgences 2. Council of Trent a. Guidelines for Bishops e. Affects relationship with Spain 2. 2 Goals i. Seminary system within diocese 3.ix. Clarify their nature 2. Trent Doctrine a. Strive to visit each parish once a year c. Sola Gratia. Elizabeth I i. Uneducated priests a. Correct abuses and strengthen practices 1. Response 1. Pope Paul IIICalled Council d. 1545-1563 (Not constant) c. NO LONGER! b. Edward VI g. Original sin ≠ total corruption . No pluralism i. Mary I (Bloody Mary) i. b. Could only be Bishop of 1 diocese 9. LutherOriginal sin=total corruption of human sin Sola Fide. Arranges marriage between Anne of Cleaves(German Princess) a. Tries to restore Catholicism ii. Has Thomas Cromwell killed After Henry: f. Henry has Anne killed x. 19th Ecumenical Council b. Daughter of Henry and Catherine h. Break is solidified between Church and Anglican 8. 3 months Bishops could be away from Diocese. Reinforces Act of Supremacy ii. Get discipline in order of priest by establishing seminary system 3.

Founded the oratorians. Scripture and sacred tradition are means of revelation 13. Human nature is fundamentally good but fallen d. Archbishop of Milan b. post-trent c. Sola Fide a. Ignatius Loyola a. Youth ii. Elimination of free will c. St. Recognition that we need grace to do good. an order of priests 16. Sola Gratia a. Model Bishop based on Trent’s regulations 15. “Reformer of Rome” b. Both faith and works are necessary for salvation i. Conversion . 1 of 33 Doctors of the Church 17. Reaffirms and cements the canon of scripture (73 books) f. 1 of 33 doctors of the Church 14. The Eucharist is both a sacrament & a sacrifice 10. Went to Germany. Magesterium can authentically interpret scripture h. 3 Catechisms i. Given by Christ directly or implicently g. Adults d. St. Philip Neri a. Charles Borromeo a. All 7 sacraments are reaffirmed i. Founded 3 seminaries c. Grace is necessary…But we can merit a good act because we can choose to cooperate with or reject God’s grace b. St. S. Fundamentally tied together 12. Reformed Carmelite order b.i. St. St. Students iii. Peter Canisus a. but that we can merit a good act because of our freedom to cooperate 11. Jesuit b. Sola Scriptura a.J. Faith and works for salvation b. Fallen capacity for sin e. Teresa of Arila a. Founded 16 houses c.

c. S.J. Principle and Foundation . To help Pope d. Spiritual Exercises i.b.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful