OVERPOPULATION

Overpopulation is a generally undesirable condition where an organism's numbers exceed the carrying capacity of its habitat. The term often refers to the relationship between the human population and its environment, the Earth,[1] or smaller geographical areas such as countries. Overpopulation can result from an increase in births, a decline in mortality rates, an increase in immigration, or an unsustainable biome and depletion of resources. It is possible for very sparsely populated areas to be overpopulated if the area has a meager or non-existent capability to sustain life. Overpopulation isn't just population density (amount of people per landmass). Overpopulation applies much more so to the number of people in an area exceeding the resources and the carrying capacity of the environment necessary to sustain human activities. So much focus is placed on the rapid population growth in third world countries. However, when we compare lifestyles of the rich countries vs. the poor countries, the rich countries are a much greater problem. For example, Americans constitute less than five percent of the world's total population, but consume 26% of the world's energy. Just as much as the population size, we need to consider the resources consumed by each person, and the damage done by technologies used to supply them. Overpopulation is when the number of people can not be permanently maintained without depleting resources and without degrading the environment and the people's standard of living. Because we are rapidly using up resources around the world, virtually all nations are overpopulated. This applies even more so to the rich nations. As we use up the resources, the earth's carrying capacity continues to decrease. One thing which must be taken into consideration is the amount of time, money, and effort we have spent toward saving and extending lives. Although these are positive accomplishments, we must also consider the effect it has had on our own number. How much have we contributed toward humanely controlling our number and preserving the environment? Nature is a balance of existence. In order to coincide with nature, we must balance the number of lives which we produce with the saving and extending of lives. We mustn't use resources any faster than they can be reproduced. We need to respect ourselves by learning to respect the environment which we rely upon for our own existence. If not, we will cease to exist.

India has the highest density of population in the world. Mortality rate has declined leading to an increase in population. There are several factors that contribute to high growth rate of population. This has resulted in an increase in the life expectancy of individuals. science has led to an increase in birth rate. overpopulation makes its way. the curse of overpopulation. However. Migration: Immigration is a problem in some parts of the world. over population also poses great threat to the progress of the country. Medicines of today can boost the reproductive rate in human beings. If the inhabitants of various countries migrate to a particular part of the world and settle over there. illiteracy and low standard of living. If the rates of emigration from a certain nation do not match the rates of immigration to that country. the medical boon has brought with it. which can help in conception. China ranks first in population. India is second largest populated country in the world. . The new inventions in medicine have brought in treatments for most of the dreadful diseases. the area is bound to suffer from the ill effects of overpopulation. Thus. we have been able to bring in increase in the fertility rates of human beings. There are medicines and treatments. Decline in the Death Rate: The fall in death rates that is decline in mortality rate is one fundamental cause of overpopulation. Along with poverty. Rise in the Birth Rate: Thanks to the new discoveries in nutritional science. For India too this is one of the acute problems. This is certainly a reason to be proud and happy but advances in medicine have also become a cause of overpopulation. The country becomes overly populated. Crowding of immigrants in certain parts of the world. On the other hand.Main causes of over population in India Over population has been one of the major problems all the developing countries face. results in an imbalance in the density of population.

They get their water from springs. When people do not get enough food. they do not take to family planning measures. They are unaware of the ways to control population. Those lacking education fail to understand the need to prevent excessive growth of population. rivers. They are unable to understand the harmful effects that overpopulation has. If there is not enough food to feed people in a specific place. personal hygiene and many other activities. Effects of overpopulation Food Shortage The more people there are. .Lack of Education: Illiteracy is another important cause of overpopulation. Lack of family planning is commonly seen in the illiterate lot of the world. People become undernourished when they do not have enough food to eat. Water shortage in a community can bring about problems related to sanitation and health. More households need more water for drinking. wells and rain. thus contributing to a rise in population. Farmers need more water to irrigate their fields so that they can produce more crops. washing clothes. their health is affected. Factories need more water to use in manufacturing more goods. then there is food shortage in that place. Undernourished children are more likely to get sick. Many people do not have access to potable water. the demand for water also increases. This is one of the major factors leading to overpopulation. Due to ignorance. The quality of water that people get may be poor. Water shortage is evident when people have to walk a long way to get water. cooking. or when they have to queue up to get it. the greater amount of food is needed. Water Shortage When population increases.

Limited Space The population of a place increases in just a short time. Overpopulation in a community can limit space for housing. Many poor people build shanties along creeks. This means more fuels are burned. it shows that the population in the area is too big. if left untreated. More people need more things to use so more factories are built. Garbage and sewage. Many children who play barefoot in dirty areas and do not wash their hands before eating become infected with worms. This is a common sight in a city. pneumonia and bronchitis are worsened by polluted air. Communicable diseases can easily be transferred from one person to another in an overpopulated area. become eyesores in a place. poor water supply and environmental pollution affect the health of the people. when not properly disposed of. Some respiratory diseases such as tuberculosis. Solid wastes such as plastics. particularly the children. Environmental Degradation More people generate more waste. typhoid and cholera. the space in a place remains the same. More than one family may share a shanty. more transportation facilities are made and more products are manufactured. The more fuels are burned. in dumpsites or along railroads. However. Health Problems Food shortage. Poor environmental sanitation is a major cause of diseases such as diarrhea. Dirty insects such as flies and cockroaches contaminate food with disease-causing germs. . tin cans and bottles. overcrowding. When the houses in a neighborhood are overcrowded. the more polluted the air becomes. can pollute the water supply.

In this way they will realize the importance of a small family and disadvantages of having a large family. early marriages must be strictly checked. At the same time. . 5) Late Marriages: Late marriages must be encouraged. 3) Industrialization of the country: The burden of population on land must be reduced. 8) General Awareness: Education programmes should be conducted to educate female members of the family. People must me made aware of the different methods of birth control.METHODS OF POPULATION CONTROL 1) Couple Protection Rate (CPR): CPR should be increased. This will help in reducing the birth rate. 7) Family Planning: This is the most important measure to check the rapid growth of population. there is an incentive to adopt small family norm by the people. which means the percentage of couples using birth control or family planning methods should go up. Cottage and small scale industries must be developed in villages to provide employment to the maximum number of people. Family Planning means limiting the size of the family. 6) Legal Steps: Strict laws must be made and enforced to check early marriages and polygamy. 2) Infant Mortality rate (IMR): IMR must be reduced further because when infants die in lesser numbers. This leads to increase in standard of living which acts as a check on population growth. They can understand the advantages of a small family and adopt family planning methods to reduce the family size. The minimum age of marriage for boys at 21 years and for girls at 18 years should be strictly followed in real life. Education about family planning must be made common. The Family Planning Campaign should be a national movement. 4) Increase in Female Literacy Rate and Education: The educated people have a better and more responsible outlook towards the size of their families.

answers.buzzle.http://www.html http://wiki.html http://en.rashi900.papersunlimited.biz/introduction-overpopulation/ "Population Control vs.org/audarya/ayurveda-health-wellbeing/931003-how-control-populationexplosion.com/2009/07/main-cause-of-over-population-in-india.html http://www.com/Q/What_are_effects_of_overpopulation http://www.cosmosmith.wikipedia." The Complete Guide to Fertility Planning The World Factbook .com/articles/causes-of-overpopulation.html http://www.com/human_population_crisis. Freedom in China.org/wiki/Overpopulation http://www.indiadivine.

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