ORCHID PARK SECONDARY SCHOOL

National Police Cadet Corps Campcraft – Lashings (Notes)

Rank & Name: _________________________________

Level: Sec _____

Date:

_________

Types of Lashings
Types
Round Lashing Square Lashing Diagonal Lashing Shear Lashing Tripod Lashing / Figureof-Eight Lashing / Gyn Lashing

Functions
secure two spars fixed together parallel to each other. secure two spars fixed together at right angle ( 90 ) to each other. secure two spars together at an angle between 45 to 90 to each other. secure two spars together at an angle (adjustable) between 0 to 45 to each other. secure three spars together at an angle (adjustable) to each other.

Round Lashing
Method: 1. Place the two spars side by side together.

2. Tie a Clove Hitch around the two spars. 3. Coil the rope neatly and tightly numerous (at least eight) times around the two spars, on the outside
of the Clove Hitch.

4. Tie a Clove Hitch around the two spars, outside of the coil.

Remarks:  Used to reinforce / extend the length of a spar (e.g. flagstaff). Twist the ends of the Clove Hitch together (step 2), use a Timber Hitch instead of a Clove Hitch, insert a wedge into the lashing for extra tightness.

• •

When using to extend the length, the overlap should be at least 1 4 to 1 3 of the final length and tie two round lashing around the two spars.

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Square Lashing
Method:

1. Place the two poles together at right angle to each other, such that the horizontal spar is in front of
the vertical spar.

2. Tie a Clove Hitch around the vertical spar below the horizontal spar. 3. Coil (outwards) the rope neatly and tightly a few (at least four) times around the joint of the two
spars in the following manner:

(a) up in front of the horizontal spar (one side of the vertical spar), (b) across behind the vertical spar (above the horizontal spar), (c) down in front of the horizontal spar (the other side of the vertical spar), (d) across behind the vertical spar (below the vertical spar).
[Note: Coil inwards for the vertical spar and outwards for the horizontal spar.] 4. Make a turn round the horizontal spar.

5. Coil the rope neatly and tightly a few (at least three) times around between the joint of the two spars
(behind the spar in front and in front of the spar behind) in a clockwise direction or anti-clockwise direction. [This step is known as “Frapping”.]

6. Tie a Clove Hitch around the horizontal pole, on the outside of the coil.

Remarks:

• •

Can be used when the two spars are fixed together at an angle slightly less than 90 to each other. Twist the ends of the Clove Hitch together (step 2), add another half hitch to the Clove Hitch (step 6), use a Timber Hitch instead of a Clove Hitch or place the spars lying on the ground (vertical spar below and horizontal spar above) when lashing for extra tightness.

If placed upright, the 1st Clove Hitch (step 2) should be at the bottom of the lashing. Page 2 of 6

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Diagonal Lashing
Method:

1. Place the two spars at the required angle to each other. 2. Tie a Timber Hitch around the two spars at the wider angle formed by the spars. 3. Coil the rope neatly and tightly a few (at least four) times around the two spars, perpendicular to the
Timber Hitch (at the smaller angle). 4. Make a turn round the nearest spar.

5. Coil the rope neatly and tightly the same number of times around the two spars, parallel to the
Timber Hitch (at the wider angle). 6. Make a turn round the nearest spar.

7. Frap the rope neatly and tightly a few (at least three) times around between the joint of the two spars. 8. Tie a Clove Hitch around any one of the spar (nearest), on the outside of the coil.

Remarks: • Do not replace the Timber Hitch (step 2) with a Clove Hitch as this will weaken the lashing severely. Add another half hitch to the Clove Hitch (step 8) or place the spars on the ground (one on top of the other) for extra tightness.

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Shear Lashing
Method: 1. Place the two spars side by side together.

2. Tie a Clove Hitch around any one of the spars. 3. Coil the rope neatly and firmly numerous (at least eight) times around the two spars, on the outside
of the Clove Hitch.

4. Frap the rope neatly and tightly a few (at least three) times around between the joint of the two spars.
5. Tie a Clove Hitch around the other spar, on the outside of the coil.

Remarks: • Used to secure two spars fixed together when one of the spars is crooked. Used to make a pair of “shear (scissors) legs” or an “A-frame”.

Twist the ends of the Clove Hitch together (step 2), add another half hitch to the Clove Hitch (step 6) or use a Timber Hitch instead of a Clove Hitch for extra tightness.

For use as a pair of shear legs or an A-frame, align the bottom ends of the two spars before lashing for extra stability and when coiling the rope around the two spars (step 3), do not coil too tight as the spars need to be opened up after the lashing.

For use as a pair of shear legs or an A-frame, the distance between the bottom of the spars should be less than 1 3 the distance from the bottom of the spars to the lashing.

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Tripod Lashing / Figure-of-Eight Lashing / Gyn Lashing
Method: 1. Place the three spars side by side together. 2. Tie a Clove Hitch around any one of the outer spars.

3. Coil the rope neatly and firmly a few (at least eight) times around the three spars in the following
manner:

(a) across in front of the inner spar, (b) around the other outer spar from behind, (c) across behind the inner spar, (d) around the 1st outer spar from the front, (e) Make a turn around the 1st spar. 4. Frap the rope neatly and tightly numerous (at least four) times around the joint of the 1st spar and the
inner spar.

5. Frap the rope neatly and tightly numerous (at least four) times around the joint of the inner spar and
the other outer spar in the opposite direction to the 1st frapping.

6. Tie a Clove Hitch around the other outer spar, on the outside of the coil.

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Remarks:

Used to secure a few spars together (e.g. raft) or to make a tripod.

The alternate coiling of the spars (step 3) can be replaced by just coiling around the three spars (not as secured).

• • •

Twist the ends of the Clove Hitch together (step 2), add another half hitch to the Clove Hitch (step 6) or use a Timber Hitch instead of a Clove Hitch for extra tightness. For securing a few spars together, extend the coiling and frapping to all the spars and when coiling the rope around the spars (step 3), coil tightly. For use as a tripod, align the bottom ends of the three spars before lashing for extra stability and when coiling the rope around the three spars (step 3), do not coil too tight as the spars need to be opened up after the lashing.

For use as a tripod, cross the outer spars and rest the inner spar on the crossing of the outer spars.

After opening up, when the angle between the inner spar and the other two spars are to be more than 90 , then align the outer spars but invert the inner spar before lashing.

 90
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