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ELECTRONIC CONTENT CREATION

SUBMITTED BY: JASPREET KAUR, mlib 4th semester. SUBMITTED TO: DR. PROMILA

DIGITAL CONTENT CREATION


Digital Content Creation (DCC) is a modern term denoting the creation and modification of digital content, such as animation, audio, graphics, images and video, as part of the production process before presentation in its final medium. This large field encompasses many segments such as 3D graphics, audio editing, compositing, authoring, etc. There are other terms available such as creative media or multimedia production, but they also apply to processes not done digitally, such as drawing paintings by hand or producing in the sense of financing a project. DCC best describes the software used in connection with output produced by the user and the DCC industry as a whole. For the purpose of information analysis , consolidation and repackaging either manual labour or the electronic content analysation is used. The process of content creation can be listed in following subjects: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) User need and analysis Identification of the document Content analysis Selecting relevant information Formatting, editing and publishing Dissemination of process information

1) User need and analysis: To create a new document user need and analysis is very important. The electronic facilitation can assist the information professionals in the area of interest with the help of questionnaire. This is used for accessing the inside into the user need along with the complete dimensions i.e.through email and softwares. This help the content creator in creating the right content for the users.

2) Identification of the document: To identify the most pertinent document available the electronic data whether it is in the shape of extending digital document maintained by the library. Online document are of great help to the information professional. Out of these large collection of documents the

information professional can identify and select the most suitable document to satisfy users need.

3) Content analysis: Content analysis can be taken out in various ways as there are a number of packages available for this purpose which help to in decision making and finding the exact thrust area of the document.the final inculcation which is qualitative in nature is carried out by the professionals themselves.

4) Selecting relevant information: after analyzing number of documents information professional will be in a position to collect the selected information which would finally be used for the compilation of the document which is done manually.this information is arranged in an helpful sequence for absolute clarity and understanding of the user.it should contain the genesis, historical information, main body to the level of information requirement and the conclusion of the information.

5) Formatting, editing and publishing : For this purpose there is no tool helpful then the computer since computers help in typing the manuscripts ,editing, formatting and style it depending in the requirement of the user. In fact its very flexible economic ,saves time and satisfy the needs of editing ,formatting and publishing.

6) Dissemination of process information: when the electronic content is ready for use the next step is to disseminate the information. Through information technology the information can be spread in fast ,easy and affordable manner. Even the moment the document is compiled can also be verified and feedback can be given.

Practices for Creating Digital Collections


File Formats Directory Structure and File Naming Digital Imaging Newspaper Digitization Optical Character Recognition

PDF Creation Shareable Metadata Descriptive Metadata Controlled Vocabularies Technical Metadata Structural Metadata Administrative Metadata Preservation Metadata Text Encoding Intellectual Property Access and Use Accessibility for Users with Disabilities Media Selection and Media Migration

File Formats:
The choice of digital file format plays a large role in whether the digital content within can be preserved and maintained over time. For example, highly proprietary or scarcely adopted file formats have a higher danger of obsolescence and will likely prove difficult to maintain over time. l file format decisions be discussed with local preservation and digital content experts. As file formats are constantly changing, format recommendations must be reviewed frequently. Current format recommendations should be well documented and should reference Categories of File Formats.

File Naming: A filename provides one form of unique identification for each digital asset that the Library creates. A good file naming system ensures consistency, prevents file loss through accidental overwriting, and can facilitate retrieval and processing of materials from creation onwards. File naming conventions and practices should be determined for each digital project, or content set, at the beginning of the project

when other technical specifications (e.g., file format, resolution, etc.) are being established. A file naming system for a specific project or content set should employ a directory structure to help guard against filename collisions across projects.

Digital Imaging: This section describes best practices for digitization of print based original documents including photographs, manuscripts, maps, and text. These guidelines draw heavily on previously published standards and best practices developed by standards agencies and peer institutions, particularly those of the California Digital Library. Best practices for newspaper digitization , intellectual property rights (IPR) issues, which should be investigated before scanning materials and making them publicly accessible. Optical Character Recognition: Optical character recognition (OCR) is a process by which specialized software is used to convert scanned images of text to electronic text so that that digitized texts can be searched, indexed and retrieved. The recommended software for OCR creation is ABBYYFineReader; however, Adobe Acrobat can produce high-quality OCR for clear, crisp, and structurally uncomplicated texts in a variety of languages. PDF Creation: Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) is an open standard (known as ISO 32000) for distributing electronic documents. This universal file format preserves the exact look and feel of any source document, including all of the fonts, formatting, colors, and graphics, regardless of the application and platform used to create it. Adobe PDF files can be opened reliably across a broad range of hardware and software with the free Adobe Acrobat Reader software . Additionally, some cell phones (e.g., iPhone) and electronic book readers (e.g., Kindle) enable PDF viewing. Best practices for creating PDFs involve making PDFs that contain a variety of features that make them user friendly, including accessible to users with disabilities.

Shareable Metadata The Open Archives Initiative develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content. OAI has its roots in the open access and institutional repository movements. Participants in the Open Archives Initiative are many and diverse. Each data provider has its own needs and methods for describing its resources; therefore, metadata from one data provider may look very different from metadata from any other data provider even when in the same metadata format. This diversity, however, makes it difficult for OAI service providers to aggregate metadata from multiple data providers together in a meaningful way. The more consistent the metadata harvested by a service provider is, the more robust services that a provider can build upon it.