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Review Guidelines IB Psychology HL2 Mock Exams, March 2011: 2 hours worth 20% of semester grade. Section A: 1.

. Three compulsory short answer questions from each of the following perspectives.(8 points each) Biological Level of Analysis Cognitive level of Analysis Socio-cultural Level of Analysis

2. Plan 20 minutes of writing time per question. 3. If there are two parts to a question ensure that you clearly mark your answer (a) and (b). Answer BOTH parts. Section B: One extended answer question. You can choose question from either biological level of analysis, cognitive level of analysis, socio-cultural level of analysis (22 points)

What to study: 1. For the each level of analysis (LOA) you need to know be able to Describe the principles (assumptions) on which the LOA is founded. Identify at least two studies which clearly demonstrate each principle. (These studies may overlap.) Identify specific research METHODS used particularly by the relevant LOA and state why this method is appropriate for this LOA. List and outline any particular ethical considerations (factors which must be born in mind relating to the particular LOA)

2. Biological level of analysis Know one study related to localization of function in the brain.


You need to know the function of the relevant localized areas very well. Know two examples of how neurotransmitters affect human behavior (example serotonin and depressive behavior; adrenaline and stress behavior) As basic knowledge you should understand the action of neurotransmission and the specific function of the selected neurotransmitters. Know the functions of two specific hormones in one or two human behaviors. Be able to explain two ways in which the environment may affect physiological processes. Know two studies which explain the interaction between cognition and physiology Be able to discuss how effective brain technologies are in validating a relationship between biological factors and behavior. Know at least three. Know four studies which investigate the extent to which genetic inheritance influences behavior. Know one evolutionary explanation of behavior. Cognitive level of analysis (Focus on memory and select studies which can be used for multiple questions.)

Know three studies related to schema theory and which enable you to evaluate the validity and reliability of the theory. You must know the basic concepts of assimilation, accommodation, information processing. Know four studies which enable you to evaluate the validity and reliability of two models (ex multistore/level of processing) of one cognitive process (ex. memory). Explain the effect of biological factors on one cognitive process (suggestion is that you use the one from the bio LOA which explains the interaction between cognition and physiology). Be able to give a balanced view (discuss) of how culture and social factors affect one cognitive process (ex schema on memory). Know three studies related to one cognitive process which will show the extent to which that process is reliable (ex reconstructive memory)

Be able to apply the knowledge you have of technology as a research method and be able to explain how it is used to investigate cognitive processes. Know the extent to which cognitive and biological factors interact in emotion (you can use arousal theory from sport psychology.) Be able to evaluate a theory about how emotion may affect one cognitive process ex how does emotion (state) affect memory.

3. Sociocultural level of analysis Be able to clearly describe how situational and dispositional factors influence behavior. Know at least three studies which explain such roles. Be able to give a balanced view (discuss)of two attribution errors. Be able to explain and evaluate social identity theory. Be able to explain how stereotypes are formed. Clearly know how stereotypes affect behavior. Know at least four studies related to stereotypes. Know two studies which explain social learning theory (ex Bandura) Know the definitions for conformity and social norms. Be able to discuss how compliance techniques may be used in conforming behavior. Know three studies which have researched conformity (ex Asch, Moscovici) and be able to evaluate them using MCEG. Be able to list factors which influence conformity. Be able to explain two cultural dimensions and how these may affect human behavior. Know what emic and etic concepts are; be able to explain each and know two examples of each

General It is crucial that you know what the expectations for command terms are. For all command terms relevant to SAQs you need to study all relevant content. For content which relates to LAQs you can focus explicitly on one LOA. Ensure that you know a second

well in case you cannot manage the LAQ question asked in the area you focused on. Exam reminders Bring blue or black pens to the exam. All stationery is to be kept in a clear plastic (see through) container. Be in uniform for the exam or you will lose valuable time going to rectify this! Bring your ID card to the exam Write on only one side of the exam paper. Name and number each sheet. Clearly mark each question number.

Study Guide for Exam I Psychology History of Psychology Who is associated with each? Structuralism Functionalism Introspection Empiricism Gestalt Positivism Reductionism Criticisms?

People Wilhelm Wundt Edward Tichner William James John B. Watson Max Wertheimer Sigmund Freud B.F. Skinner Albert Bandura Abraham Maslow Carl Rogers Perspectives: Biological (Biopsychological) Cognitive Learning (Behavioral) Humanistic Psychodynamic Eclectic (Cross-cultural and Gender studies are often considered perspectives. I.B. examines each of the perspectives above in terms of cultural influences and gender.) Research Methods Scientific method

Operational definition (aka hypothetical construct)Mrs. Walker I.B. Psychology Examples, strengths, limitations Natural observation Experimental method Clinical method Survey method Interview Longitudinal study Cross-sectional study Case study Correlation study Coefficient of correlation Positive correlation Negative correlation Danger of correlation and causation Anthropomorphic error Variable Independent variable Dependent variable Extraneous variables Experimental group Control group

Experimental control Random assignment Field experiment Statistically significant Single blind experiment Double blind experiment Survey method Population Representative sample Biased sample Courtesy bias Distribution Reliability Validity Inferential statistics Descriptive statistics Mean Median Mode Standard Deviation