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TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................................... 2 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................... 3 Mobile Computing ....................................................................................................................... 3 History of Mobile Computing...................................................................................................... 4 MOBILE COMPUTING DEVICES ............................................................................................. 6 DISADVANTAGES OF MOBILE COMPUTING ........................................................................... 8 ADVANTAGES OF MOBILE COMPUTING ................................................................................. 9 STATEGIC NATURE OF MOBILE COMPUTING ...................................................................... 11 Five Competitive Forces ........................................................................................................... 11 Strategic Value of Information Technology .............................................................................. 12 Effects of Mobile Computing ........................................................................................................ 13 How has mobile computing impacted the society? ................................................................... 13 Accessibility to Information has improved ................................................................................ 14 Operational Efficiency .............................................................................................................. 15 MOBILE COMPUTING – HERE TO STAY ................................................................................. 17 USAGE OF MOBILE DEVICES................................................................................................... 19 CONCLUSION.............................................................................................................................. 22 BIBLIOGRAPHY .......................................................................................................................... 23

MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay?

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

With the advent of technology over the past couple of years we are now able to commute whilst still being able to stay connected digitally around the globe. The introduction of mobile computing devices in the seventies scorched market of personal computers. Now to date nearly everyone can stay connected without the aid of a PC. This has also gained high praises from businesses and business professionals as they are able to offer products and services wirelessly. The degree of benefit a department achieves from mobile computing technology depends considerably on which hardware, software, and accompanying technologies are implemented. Yet even with a very basic system, the benefits can be enormous. Moreover, the aim of this paper is to state our position that mobile computing is here to stay.

MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay?

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The second feature is on the hardware. mobile computing encompasses three features: mobile communication.INTRODUCTION Mobile Computing Mobile computing can be demarcated as using a computing device “on the go”. e. not all mobile computing devices have built in wireless internet connectivity or can access the internet and other applications on a full scale. data formats and concrete technologies. and mobile software. Notwithstanding. Consequently.g. mobile devices or device components whereas the third feature deals with the characteristics and requirements of mobile applications (Wikipedia). mobile hardware. According to another source mobile computing is a form of human–computer interaction by which a computer is expected to be transported during normal usage. This technology provides us with the ability to use a computing device without being plugged in or tethered by wires for electricity or an internet connection. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 3 .. although the vast majority does. protocols. All mobile computing devices are portable allowing full connectivity to the internet wirelessly. The first feature reports communication concerns in ad-hoc and infrastructure networks as well as communication properties.

Merlin computer toy 1981: Osborne 1 portable computer 1982: Grid Compass 1100 Clamshell Laptop 1983: TRS-80 model 100 portable PC 1984: Psion Organiser handheld computer 1991: Psion Series 3 minicomputer 1996: Palm Pilot 1000 digital planner 1996: Panasonic Toughbook CF-25 laptop MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 4 .History of Mobile Computing 1971: Busicom LE-120A (First pocket size calculator) 1978: Parker Bros.

1999: Apple iBook G3 Wi-Fi enabled laptop 2002: Acer TravelMate TM-100 laptop/tablet hybrid 2002: RIM Blackberry 5810 handheld email maching/phone 2006: Samsung Q1 ultra-Mobile PC 2007: Eee PC 4G netbook 2007: Apple iPhone 2008: Apple iTunes App Store 2010-2011: Apple iPad 1 and 2 2011: Motorola Atrix 4G smartphone MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 5 .

usually in MP3 format. The majority of smartphones employ the same operating systems as PDAs discussed above. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 6 . and WiMax models. N810. The iPhone and the new G1 (Google phone) are hybrids of the smartphone and the multimedia phone. These devices use either a stylus or a keyboard for input and have the ability to synchronize data with a desktop computer and allow for applications to be installed and run on the device. These mobile devices store. Digital Audio and Video Players Digital audio and video can be played on desktop or laptops. Nokia makes several multimedia phones such as the N86. and many libraries are publishing content for digital audio players. Mobile Phones These devices are loaded with fun features such as cameras. Blackberries employ the RIM OS. For instance a smartphone could be a mobile phone with some PDA functions where some specimens of smartphones include Blackberries. Currently iPods can store up to 120 GB of files. keyboards. which roughly translates to 30. organize. including Apple‟s iTunes site. The iPhone uses a version of OSX as its operating system and the G1 and other soon to be released „„Google phones‟‟ will run on the new Android OS. Treos. can be downloaded from a variety of Web sites. and Windows Mobile models. combing features from both genres. Some examples include: Palm Tungsten and TX models and the HP IPQ series.000 songs or 150 hours of video. Audio and video files. but stand-alone portable devices such as the iPod remain extremely popular. and have 36 hours of battery life on a full charge. and Internet access all of which fall under the grouping of smartphone or multimedia phone. and some play video files as well. Users typically download audio and video files from a computer via a USB connection. The term podcasting refers to capturing and making audio content available for download.MOBILE COMPUTING DEVICES Handheld Computers PDAs These are considered mobile devices which offer multiple computing and personal organization features. Most PDAs run on Palm OS or Windows Mobile OS. and play audio files.

a keyboard. Laptops are the most widely used mobile computing device. most do not run applications other than the preinstalled e-book reader software. E-paper display technology uses the device‟s screen in a much different manner than a conventional computer screen. rather than the display of a computer screen. Laptops A laptop sometimes called a notebook is a personal computer for mobile use. These new generation stand alone e-book readers use e-paper technology display that emulates the look of text on paper. including a display. However. the Jet-book E-book Reader and the Nook. these devices can be used to play games with others across the Internet or a LAN. At the moment. e-paper looks like ordinary paper and uses reflected light to illuminate the screen. dedicated gaming devices such as the Sony Play Station Portable (PSP) and the Nintendo DS are extremely popular because they are designed specifically for playing games and their controls resemble those of traditional video game consoles. E-paper display technology uses very little power so that the battery life is much longer than PDAs and other handheld devices.E-book Readers A new generation of e-book readers offers a sophisticated approach to reading e-books on mobile devices. although recently a few manufacturers have begun to offer software development kits (SDK) for their devices. The PSP comes with a Web browser where users can surf the Internet as well as download and view images. also known as a trackpad. a pointing device (a touchpad. but now that they are being bundled with wi-fi connections. and/or a pointing stick) and speakers into a single unit. A laptop integrates most of the typical components of a desktop computer. At first glance these devices seem to have little implications for libraries. where one would suffer the same disadvantages to reading on paper. Instead of using a backlight to illuminate pixels. Some of the most popular include Amazon‟s Kindle. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 7 . This is easier on the eyes. Personal Gaming Devices Video games can be played on a variety of mobile devices. the Sony E-book Reader. Stand-alone e-book readers are about the size of a large paperback. unless one is in a dimly lit environment. and audio and video files allowing the device to be used like a digital audio video player. This raises interesting prospects for using these devices for instruction.

an increasing number of the population. Added Costs to Companies Companies now have to invest more money to train employees on how to use these devices and the actual implementation process is tedious.LIMITATIONS OF MOBILE COMPUTING The trend of mobile computing devices has entered the society like rapidly flowing water. But really. Additionally this impacts on manpower hours as well as the companies financials. Today. Moreover. hop on the bandwagon of using such devices and depending on them so intensely. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 8 . companies will be forced to invest in backup/extended batteries. from all walks of life. how can these mobile computing devices help the society? We will examine some limitations of such mobile computing devices: Insufficient bandwidth In some mobile computing devices there has been the issue of insufficient bandwidth or low internet wireless connectivity. Costs to repair mobile computing devices and implementing/building its technology will lead to further costs to the company. Security The threats of security breaches for mobile computing devices are rapidly growing as more and more persons become acquainted with its technology. Businesses are now forced to purchase additional security or train staff how to attain maximum safety as well as they may have to back up on additional servers. mobile computing devices can only stay charged for a limited timeframe. Low Battery Life Unlike personal computing devices. In a situation where a battery fails in the middle of a project can cost a company or an individual a lot of money if they are at the last stage. This has the ability the hamper one‟s ability to connect wirelessly.

consumer service. and access to vital network resources. send and obtain e-mails and reconfigure high bandwidth sites. (Provenza) Improve Decision Making Mobile computing enables us with the ability to collect. on the spot invoicing processing which leads to better cash flow and shortened payment cycles as the MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 9 . service calls can be dispatched easily. access. (New Image Sortware Inc. cut expenses. They are utilized to transfer big data files as well as other electronic data. transportation and logistics. These allow organizations to increase productivity.) Increased productivity and reduced costs Every business will want to experience increased productivity and reduced costs as these are some crucial points to success. manufacturing. real-time information management. and improve profitability. The effect of this efficiency means a successful business venture. Hand held devices such as mobile phones can also be utilized to access the internet and download electronic data. Businesses as well as professionals have praised its discoveries to everyday life and we will now analyze some benefits of mobile computing. retail. They also help in just-in-time inventory infrastructure management. Mobile computing accessories are used in different industries such as education and corporate training. workplace and public space atmosphere. Moreover. warehousing and distribution. access the World Wide Web.BENEFITS OF MOBILE COMPUTING Mobile computing devices have its aim of impacting the world and we can also discover some advantages of such an introduction. healthcare and hospitality. Easy of Connectivity Portable computing devices such as laptops and notebooks may be utilized to access the internet or an organizations LAN (local region network) or WAN (wide area network) server. evaluate critical business information quickly and accurately which in turn means the decision making process is improved and streamlined. support audio/video conferencing. mobile computing can increase sales opportunities as we can process orders whilst on the go.

to any place where recipients are located. Consequently. check the status of orders. Although mobile computing is an expense to the business.) MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 10 . (New Image Sortware Inc. Mobile access extends the reach of CRM both inside and out-side the company to both employees and business partners on a 24/7 basis. (New Image Sortware Inc.customer will not have to wait to receive an invoice via mail when the worker gets back to the office.) Improved Customer Relations Supporting customers is the essence of customer rel ationship management (CRM) systems. mobile computing permits field workers the ability to give customers feedback with reference to a particular question/query. place orders and provide a range of other services from virtually any location. it is an expense which will see great returns.

Mobile computing can significantly reduce the operational costs associated with business processes. and capabilities that give a company strategic advantages over the competitive forces it faces in the global marketplace. (1996. services. An organization can counter these competitive forces by pursuing one or more of the following strategies: cost leadership differentiation innovation growth and alliance. pp. 1996. 402-408) the five competitive forces described by Michael Porter are: rivalry among competitors threat of new entrants threat of substitute products bargaining power of suppliers and bargaining power of customers. Mobile computers can enable a more satisfying MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 11 . As discussed by O'Brien. mobile computing information technology can be an important part of implementing the competitive strategy." (O'Brien. Five Competitive Forces Mobile computing's strategic nature can be seen by examining how mobile computing influences the five competitive forces that impact businesses.STATEGIC NATURE OF MOBILE COMPUTING "The strategic role of information systems involves using information technology to develop products. In each case. 402) Mobile computing is a key enabling technology for the creation of strategic information systems. These savings can be passed on to the customer and enable a cost leadership strategy. p.

Strategic Value of Information Technology The key categories of information technology application that define the sources of information technology strategic value have also been defined by Applegate. Mobile computing enables better individual decision quality by the mobile worker because the mobile worker with a mobile computer has access to more information and computing resources than one without. pp. which are both important for attaining the performance and reliability required for inter-organizational alliances such as just-in-time inventory agreements. McFarlan. They have defined these categories as: process performance improvements individual/work group decision quality and workgroup improvements and competitive advantage. Mobile computers simplify: the capture of data communication and management of complex operations. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 12 . thus enabling growth. enabling a differentiation and/or innovation strategy. Mobile computing technology enables real time tracking and management of business operations. Potential for improved group decision making is also possible because more current and higher quality information is made available through the use of mobile computers. a strategic information system that is aligned with company goals and takes advantage of the benefits of mobile computing technology represents a significant barrier to entry for any other businesses that are considering entry into the market. Additionally.experience for the customer or an entirely new and innovative way of doing business. and McKenney (1996. It has been shown that mobile computing improves business process performance. 365-368).

As such a great number of businesses and firms are trying to integrate the latest advances in technology. software. if only I could move my desktop and take it home with me to finish a project or plan. and communicating through smart phones and other hand held devices. Mobile computing has positively impacted the society as a whole. and communications) provides a wide range of options that can be mixed and matched to fit the needs of each individual mobile computing application suitable to the business needs. such as switching from the desktop to using laptops. that being the business industry. This is not just a mere advancement in the latest of hardware devices. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 13 . wireless communication advancements and the internet.Effects of Mobile Computing Major Trends in Computing (Koudounas and Iqbal) How has mobile computing impacted the society? The concept of mobile computing was developed from a necessity factor of instances where individuals probably kept saying. Mobile computing technology (hardware. and households or individuals. into their operation activities. or carry it to the data and information source. software that is compatible. mobile computing is a convergence of hardware devices. Mobile computing has benefited the business industry tremendously.

Accessibility to Information has improved Businesses have gained improved information accessibility. The new HTML5 browser database will allow the user to open an interface on their smart phone. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 14 . enter data and synchronize with the server for later import into software. Technology like laptops and the smart phones creates an automatic connection to the user and their servers that control storage and distribution of their information via wireless connections. decision making and forecasting.Some businesses are even looking at reinventing or modeling their processes to work with the features of a gradually wireless world. The cache of the HTML5 allows a user to collect vast amounts of information or data even where no internet access or cell phone signal or WI-FI is available. The wireless mobile devices are opening new possibilities for Oil and Gas operations. (Murdock) Mobile computing has also made access to facsimile. The devices would soon be able to utilize data from cloud computing expanding the abilities of real time data monitoring. and microchips firmly embedded in every imaginable upstream oil and gas business process. „Mobile devices and cloud computing are gaining tremendous interest and deployment in consumer sectors. audio files and still images more easy as the employee can upload the files directly to their mobile computer or other hand held devices and proceed with the day‟s work as normal. Professionals in the oil and gas industry already reap benefits of thorough connectivity to cellular wireless networks. The company Ag Connections creates tools that make production agriculture specifics easy to record and give users the functionality to report and to retain the history of what they have recorded. from which the collected data or information can be submitted when access is gained later. The invention of the tablet has also allowed farmers and growers to collect information in the field and then submit the records back to the office. The tricky part is the collection of data. sprayers and combines that currently collects and manages huge amounts of data. Not to mention the vast improvement in technology in the tractors. and technical and business users in the oil and gas industry are taking notice of the potential financial and competitive advantages related to mobile and cloud computing‟(Johnson).

Also. These are some of the small advantages that make a difference between a company‟s sales and profits as well as competitive edge. Insurance companies who have field agents find it much easier to use mobile computing devices as it improves their level of customer service and client care. the operations of an entire transportation fleet can be managed from a central location. my agent was able to meet me at my workplace at a suitable time for me. Being able to carry the mobile device around by the employee to the data and information source allows easy sending of documented files to a fixed information system. Information and data recording was then structured around the activities of the mobile employee rather than being structured to the use of desktop or isolated office machinery like facsimile. With the mobile laptop for example. and operators have two-way communication with the operations center. Operational Efficiency Mobile computing made better operational efficiency in organizations that integrated the technology into their fixed information systems. status. reduces the use of paper as files are in soft copy format. vehicles can be MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 15 . The central office knows the location. Not to mention the time and money it would have cost me. This then improves accuracy. reducing time spent on customer complaints. Using real time information. which saves production time. and condition of all vehicles. and was able to show me statistical information. The transportation and shipping industries benefit greatly from mobile computing.Businesses can achieve these benefits as long as they choose the most suitable mobile device hardware and communication equipment that they are willing to invest in. forms required for the application and the processes of the application itself. I was able to feel more comfortable in my work environment than when I had to actually visit his office to collect receipts for the payments made. easily records the files and provides automatic back up files to match. and reducing unnecessary travel usually to and from the office to collect and drop off data and information. Using mobile computers in conjunction with GPS/GIS and an accompanying vehicle information system (VIS). and must be suitable to their operations of the business and the employee personnel who will be using mobile computing. based on my client experience it helped me decide whether or not to choose their product over another company.

Sears directs the activities of all their technician staff. Roebuck & Co. The ease of access to emails. These devices when used in conjunction with high-speed connectivity. (Zimmerman) Business travelers would also reap the benefits of mobile computing. and assist with delivery priority which definitely benefits the clients. At the start of each work day. durable laptop computers and wireless connectivity. and include customer information and service history.dispatched to maximize efficiency in terms of time. Technicians use the computer to accomplish various tasks such as verifying the price and availability of repair parts. The mobile computing solution has drastically improved the ability of Sears to manage its mobile technician staff (Zimmerman). MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 16 . during a service call. Business travelers usually use Laptops. When the service call is complete. compared to wasted fuel consumption before when information was not real time. or have cancelled appointments. can help them perform work normally accomplished at the office while on the road or in the field. are readily redirected to another service call in the nearest area. and portable Clamshell computers with usable-size keyboards. technicians would download their schedule for the day. compile spreadsheet information with graphs and presentation programs that assist their effectiveness in delivering a speech. Using specially designed. the technicians would record their progress on their mobile computer. Sears. uses mobile computing which improved their ability to manage over 14. the central dispatch facility is automatically notified via wireless communication. and online chat helps them to keep in touch with their work team and leader. They can readily use word processing programs.000 service technicians that are dispersed throughout the United States. Technicians having completed service calls earlier than stipulated. Palmtops. Throughout the day.

or impaired to operate with one hand to input data or information. With such a universal dependency and need to communicate on the go. software and communication systems available that can be chosen and integrated to meet the needs and processes of the business. verify a customer‟s credit. and wireless connectivity to communicate between networks. mobile computing cannot dissolve altogether. there are mobile devices that can be operated by employees without typing skills. The end of mobile computing would mean the end of wireless connections MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 17 . impacts positively on client experience and encourage better and effective customer service and customer loyalty. as well as accept payment during a short visit. Mobile computing has been very instrumental in the reduction of operational and administrative levels. proven to improve communication in the work place as there is less reliance on type written memos and letters that can be lost in transit. messages or alerts concerning patients to emergency rooms. Medical technicians can easily send critical medical information. Mobile computing is also proven to be effective in enhancing the processes of the medical businesses. which assist the doctors in prepping or treating the patient upon arrival. calculate availability of products linked to stock information. Additionally. which enables the answering of on the spot questions without having to leave the meeting to retrieve paper files that can be time consuming to read or sort the necessary information.MOBILE COMPUTING – HERE TO STAY Mobile computing is here to stay as it is very versatile and does not comprise of one element being hardware. There are a variety of hardware. Regional managers have the ability to present information on their region whether past or present performance through the use of the Penslate computer and simple WLAN connection. it is a combination of hardware devices. Salespersons on the go can demonstrate product options on their mobile device. reduction in manufacturing cost over time as less employees would be required. compatible software. Wireless connectivity has made it possible to operate mobile computers both inside or building or outdoors in various weather conditions.

9% growth at the start of the year. Technology Research Company Gartner has slashed its forecast for PC sales growth for 2011. however due to MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 18 . cutting it to just 3.8% annual growth a total of 352m units after having forecast 9. usually the span of a year. Of course this is all part of the marketing scheme of these companies. Gartner's research director. and that the increasingly pessimistic outlook in the western economies is causing both consumers and businesses which each make up about half of PC purchasing to hold back from purchases. Such as our local banks developed applications to do banking on your smart phone. a new product device is created and the business life cycle starts all over again.8% growth only three months ago. Growth is led by China and India. When a new device is launched onto the market. giving balance updates and updates on salary when it enters the account. with smartphones showing strongest growth. there is a craze created causing individuals to want to purchase the device even if they do not need it. but Android is expected to become the top OS for new smartphones in 2011. PCs are now seeing "budget cannibalization" as consumers tried to choose between notebook machines and tablets at almost the same price. Mobile devices are just the form factors to use the wireless connectivity with compatible software. the end of compatible software. Ranjit Atwal. and 15. These devices can be considered fads.between networks. As the technology version becomes dated. The design concept is what has a business life cycle of average five years and seems to have endless options available on the market. and the end of the creativity of mobile devices. There are 5.3 billion mobile subscribers (that's 77 percent of the world population). with 4g internet. warned that PC manufacturers do not have any "compelling" reason for people to buy their products. Today‟s businesses are realizing the rapid growth in the sales of mobile devices they developed applications where they can do transaction on any mobile device. Without each of these components mobile computing could not effectively exist. In Trinidad mobile subscriber b mobile offers plans with the latest mobile device the iPhone 4 . Nokia remains number one in both smartphones and mobile phones. Mobile devices sales rose in 2010.

and they more rely on their laptop or tablet to access the Web. using mobile Web. according to Gartner. Japanese consumers are still more advanced in mobile behavior. they do not or very rarely use desktop. Usage is expected to double within five years as mobile overtakes the PC as the most popular way to get on the Web. In China there are 277 million mobile Web users. sports and blogs and prefer apps for games. Garter predicts that between 500 million and 1 billion people will access financial services by mobile by 2015.g. Mobile searches have quadrupled in the last year. i. social networking. Most popular mobile destinations are news and information. maps and music. depending on estimates. Inc. apps and email more. but US or Europeans text and play more games. more consumers used their browser than apps and only a minority will use Web or apps exclusively. an increase of 19 percent from the first quarter of 2010. There are a lot of citizens today trying to locate one with the plan from b mobile. search and maps. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 19 . weather reports. shopping. Statistics on the use of mobile computing devices Half a billion people accessed mobile Internet worldwide in 2009. video. it is generating a tremendous response from the population.the features on the iPhone. Worldwide mobile communication device sales to end users totaled 427. US consumers prefer mobile browsers for banking. Google maps) Countries surveyed by Garther. social media.8 million units in the first quarter of 2011. news. for many items one in seven searches are now mobile. Many mobile Web users are mobile-only. local info. travel. (E.e.

Mobile computers existed in the past. technologies such as Interactive television and Video Image Compression already imply a certain degree of mobility in the home. Indeed.FUTURE OF MOBILE COMPUTING Technology is changing rapidly and the only certainty when considering information technology is CHANGE. This mobility aspect may be carried further in that. This may be beneficial to the environment as less transportation will be utilized. This scary concept of a world full of inanimate human beings sitting. rather than commuting. accessing every sphere of their lives via the computer screen becomes ever more real as technology. Working lifestyles have changed due to mobile computing and as the years go by it will change even further. the future of mobile computing looks bright and increasingly exciting. The only difference is that as time goes mobile computing gets more efficient. For example no longer is it mandatory for someone to be stationed to a PC to send and receive an email. locked to their mobile stations. it currently exists and it will definitely be around in the future. With the rapidly increasing technology advancements in Artificial Intelligence. with the majority of people working from home. it may also be possible to have all the practicality of a mobile computer in the size of a hand held organizer or even smaller. people will interact via mobile stations. small mobile computers. eliminating the need to venture outside of the house. this mobility may be pushed to the extreme. even in social spheres. rapidly improves and today trends are very much towards ubiquitous or mobile computing. With much emphasis on compact. smaller and lighter. The fact is that today‟s greatest technology can be tomorrow‟s out dated machine. especially in the field of mobile data communications. also online shopping etc. thus saving on gas and less air pollution. Using the mobile data communication technologies discussed. more versatile. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 20 . Integrated Circuitry and increases in Computer Processor speeds. today because of mobile computing it is very convenient and efficient for someone to go about their daily routines without having to worry about missing an important email or message.

The future of Mobile Computing is very promising indeed. however one must analyze his or her usage and try to obtain the best mobile computing to suit the need to maximize efficiency and convenience but without causing any detriment to society. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 21 .

Mobile devices will continue to get smaller. and communications technologies. faster. Mobile computing is a versatile and potentially strategic technology that improves information quality and accessibility. The future of Mobile Computing is very promising indeed. The mobile framework can assist information technology professionals in determining the applicability of mobile technology to an organizational problem. causing detriment to society. and enhances management effectiveness. MIS Group Project – is mobile computing a fad or here to stay? Page 22 . Mobile computing may be implemented using many combinations of hardware. software. It enables business professionals and other individuals to effectively communicate (B2B or B2C) and interact with the fixed organizational information system while remaining unconstrained by physical location. and more sophisticated. increases operational efficiency. or directive. Ubiquitous computing (computing devices embedded into our physical environment) is the next frontier and businesses should feel comfortable in the mobile computing environment to better serve their patrons and make the leap to the next generation of computing as smooth as possible.CONCLUSION Mobile computing is an important evolving technology. although technology may go too far. opportunity. The technologies must be carefully selected and the applications designed to achieve the business needs required from the overall organizational information system.

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