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Larry Page and Sergey Brin meet at Stanford. (Larry, 22, a U Michigan grad, is considering the school; Sergey, 21, is assigned to show him around.) According to some accounts, they disagree about almost everything during this first meeting.

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Larry and Sergey, now Stanford computer science grad students, begin collaborating on a search engine called BackRub. BackRub operates on Stanford servers for more than a year—eventually taking up too much bandwidth to suit the university.


Larry and Sergey decide that the BackRub search engine needs a new name. After some brainstorming, they go with Google—a play on the word ―googol,‖ a mathematical term for the number represented by the numeral 1 followed by 100 zeros. The use of the term reflects their mission to organize a seemingly infinite amount of information on the web.

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Sun co-founder Andy Bechtolsheim writes a check for $100,000 to an entity that doesn‗t exist yet: a company called Google Inc.

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Google sets up workspace in Susan Wojcicki‗s garage at 232 Santa Margarita, Menlo Park. Google files for incorporation in California on September 4. Shortly thereafter, Larry and Sergey open a bank account in the newly-established company‗s name and deposit Andy Bechtolsheim‗s check. Larry and Sergey hire Craig Silverstein as their first employee; he‗s a fellow computer science grad student at Stanford.


―PC Magazine‖ reports that Google ―has an uncanny knack for returning extremely relevant results‖ and recognizes us as the search engine of choice in the Top 100 Web Sites for 1998.

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We outgrow our garage office and move to new digs at 165 University Avenue in Palo Alto with just eight employees.


Yoshka, our first ―company‖ dog, comes to work with our senior vice president of operations, Urs Hoelzle.


Omid Kordestani joins to run sales—the first non-engineering hire.


Our first press release announces a $25 million round from Sequoia Capital and Kleiner Perkins; John Doerr and Michael Moritz join the board. The release quotes Moritz describing ―Googlers‖ as ‖people who use Google‖.


We move to our first Mountain View location: 2400 E. Bayshore. Mountain View is a few miles south of Stanford University, and north of the older towns of Silicon Valley: Sunnyvale, Santa Clara, San Jose.


Charlie Ayers joins as Google‘s first chef. He wins the job in a cook-off judged by the company‗s 40 employees. Previous claim to fame: catering for the Grateful Dead.

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September  We start offering search in Chinese. On April Fools‗ Day. We win our first Webby Awards: Technical Achievement (voted by judges) and Peoples‘ Voice (voted by users). Spanish. keyword targeting and performance feedback. Finnish. It‘s a browser plug-in that makes it possible to search without visiting the Google homepage. Thus begins our annual foray in the Silicon Valley tradition of April 1 hoaxes. bringing our total number of supported languages to 15. Italian. May   The first 10 language versions of Google. We announce the first billion-URL index and therefore Google becomes the world‘s largest search engine. The self-service ad program promises online activation with a credit card. Swedish. October  Google AdWords launches with 350 customers. February . Norwegian and are released: French. December  Google Toolbar is released. June   We forge a partnership with Yahoo! to become their default search provider. German. Dutch. Japanese and Korean. Portuguese. Back to top 2001 January  We announce the hire of Silicon Valley veteran Wayne Rosing as our first VP of engineering operations. we announce the MentalPlex: Google‗s ability to read your mind as you visualize the search results you want.

December  Keeping track: Our index size grows to 3 billion web documents.‘s Usenet Discussion Service. Our first public acquisition: Deja. offering access to 250 million images. Larry and Sergey are named presidents of products and technology. April  Swedish Chef becomes a language is available in 26 languages. April . We add search and browse features and launch it as Google Groups. March   Eric Schmidt is named chairman of the board of directors. The first Google hardware is released: it‘s a yellow box called the Google Search Appliance that businesses can plug into their computer network to enable search capabilities for their own documents. respectively. July  Image Search launches. August   We open our first international office. We release a major overhaul for AdWords. Back to top 2002 February    Klingon becomes one of 72 language interfaces. an archive of 500 million Usenet discussions dating back to 1995. including new cost-per-click pricing. October  A new partnership with Universo Online (UOL) makes Google the major search service for millions of Latin Americans. in Tokyo. Eric Schmidt becomes our CEO.

enabling developers to query more than 2 billion web documents and program in their favorite environment. Netscape and AOL. the creators of Blogger. we announce that pigeons power our search results. (Weeks later. enabling publishers large and small to access Google‗s vast network of advertisers. September  Google News launches with 4000 news sources. December  You can now search for stuff to buy with Froogle (later called Google Product Search). Back to top 2003 January  American Dialect Society members vote ―google‖ the ―most useful‖ Word of the Year for 2002. Perl and Visual Studio. a place to try out beta technologies fresh from our R&D team. March  We announce a new content-targeted advertising service.) April . including Java. May   We announce a major partnership with AOL to offer Google search and sponsored links to 34 million customers using CompuServe. October  We open our first Australian office in February  We acquire Pyra Labs.  For April Fools‗ Day. we acquire Applied Semantics. We release a set of APIs. We release Google Labs. on April 23. whose technology bolsters the service named AdSense.

Our search index hits a new milestone: 6 billion items. reporters begin reporting in April about our vision for the enterprise search business.NET. Back to top 2004 January  orkut launches as a way for us to tap into the sphere of social networking. We introduce Google Local. C++. giving 800+ employees a campus environment. including 4. We launch Google Grants. December  We launch Google Print (which later becomes Google Book Search). our in-kind advertising program for nonprofit organizations to run in-kind ad campaigns for their cause. Coders can work in Java.) April  For April Fools‗ we announce plans to open the Googlunaplex. February   Larry Page is inducted into the National Academy of Engineering. offering relevant neighborhood business listings. maps and directions. May . (Later. Local is combined with Google Maps. indexing small excerpts from books to appear in search results. March    We move to our new ―Googleplex‖ at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway in Mountain View. October  Registration opens for programmers to compete for cash prizes and recognition at our first-ever Code Jam. We formalize our enterprise unit with the hire of Dave Girouard as general manager.28 billion web pages and 880 million images. C# or VB. a new research facility on the Moon.

S. The list has since grown to more than 150. a free service for searching scholarly literature such as peer-reviewed papers. Canada. abstracts and technical reports. August  Our Initial Public Offering of 19.052 shares of Class A common stock takes place on Wall Street on August 18.‖ We spotlight our new engineering offices in Bangalore and Hyderabad. Opening price: $85 per share. a digital mapping company whose technology will later become Google Earth. Australia and Europe. Ireland. Larry and Sergey are named Fellows by the Marconi Society. Mary Harney. October        We formally open our office in Dublin. a visit from Sergey and Larry.. We launch the beta version of Google Scholar. preprints. books. Google Desktop Search is introduced: You can now search for files and documents stored on your hard drive using Google technology. India with a visit from Sergey and Larry. We acquire Keyhole. awarded to outstanding women studying computer science. with 150 multilingual Googlers. Today these scholarships are open to students in the U. .605. which recognizes ―lasting scientific contributions to human progress in the field of communications science and the Internet. December   We open our Tokyo R&D (research & development) center to attract the best and brightest among Japanese and other Asian engineers. and recognition from the Deputy Prime Minister of Ireland. We announce the first winners of the Google Anita Borg Scholarship. theses. The Google Print Program (since renamed Google Book Search) expands through digital scanning partnerships with the libraries of Harvard. Stanford. send your text search queries to GOOGLE or 466453 on your mobile device. September  There are more than 100 Google domains (Norway and Kenya are #102 and #103). Google SMS (short message service) launches. University of Michigan and Oxford as well as the New York Public Library. November  Our index of web pages reaches 8 billion.

google. and includes SMS driving directions. including all of our APIs. with top scores going to Ardian Kristanto Poernomo of Singapore. a new place for developer-oriented resources. March    We launch code. allowing you to view all the web pages you‗ve visited and Google searches you‗ve made over time. enabling bloggers to use their mobile phones to post and send photos to their blogs. a 3-month $2 million program that aims to help computer science students contribute to open source software development. Google Scholar adds support for institutional access: Searchers can now locate journal articles within their own libraries. My Search History launches in Labs. we announce a magical beverage that makes its imbibers more intelligent. Google Maps now features satellite views and directions. Google Local goes mobile.000 programmers from six countries compete for cash prizes and recognition at our first coding competition in India.1 billion images indexed. We release Site Targeting. April       Our first Google Maps release in Europe is for the U. We acquire Urchin. For April Fools‗. June  We hold our first Summer of Code. an AdWords feature giving advertisers the ability to better target their ads to specific content sites. . Personalized Homepage (now iGoogle) is designed for people to customize their own Google homepage with content modules they choose. Google Maps goes live. Some 14.K. and therefore better capable of properly using search to top 2005 February   We hit a milestone in Image Search: 1. a web analytics company whose technology is used to create Google Analytics. May    We release Blogger Mobile.

We unveil Google Earth: a satellite imagery-based mapping service combining 3D buildings and terrain with mapping capabilities and Google search. specially formulated for viewing search results on mobile phones.) We launch Google Talk. your (opt-in) search history will closely reflect your interests..S.0 conference in San Francisco. Dr. Europe and India. Google Blog Search goes live. Oregon metro area can now plan their trips on public transportation at one site. (We‗ve done so in subsequent years as well. September     Overlays in Google Earth illuminate the devastation wrought by Hurricane Katrina around New Orleans and the Gulf Coast. author of ―Blink‖ and ―The Tipping Point. We announce the opening of our first offices in São Paulo and Mexico City. . formerly known as Urchin. October   Feed aficionados rejoice as Google Reader. a feed reader.S. We release Personalized Search in Labs: over time.‖ Since then. Kai-Fu Lee begins work at our new Research and Development Center in China. Some rescue teams use these tools to locate stranded victims. August   Google scores well in the U.    Google Mobile Web Search is released. December  Google Transit launches in Labs. for measuring the impact of websites and marketing campaigns. it‗s the way to find current and relevant blog postings on particular topics throughout the enormous blogosphere. a downloadable Windows application that enables you to talk or IM with friends quickly and easily. is introduced at the Web 2. November   We release Google Analytics. developers can embed Google Maps on many kinds of mapping services and sites. as well as talk using a computer microphone and speaker (no phone required) for free. Googlers volunteer to produce the first Mountain View book event with Malcolm Gladwell. People in the Portland. government‗s 2005 machine translation evaluation. DARPA veteran Vint Cerf joins Google to carry on his quest for a global open Internet. API for Maps released. the Authors@Google program has hosted more than 480 authors in 12 offices across the U.

org. Italy and Spain. Google News for mobile launches.‖ We launch Google Calendar. March   We announce the acquisition of Writely.000 registrants. May  We release Google Trends. Dr. June    We announce Picasa Web Albums. our approach to an improved search experience for financial information. a web-based word processing application that subsequently becomes the basis for Google Docs. graduate student Chuan Xu. Gmail for mobile launches in the United States. Eric Schmidt is inducted into the National Academy of Engineering. We introduce Picasa in 25 more languages. a digital radio advertising company. A team working from Mountain View. We release Maps for France. our philanthropic arm. including Polish. April    For April Fools‗ we unveil a new product. a fast and easy way to pay for online purchases. February     We release Chat in Gmail. The winner. The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) adds ―Google‖ as a verb. a way to visualize the popularity of searches over time. Google. We announce the acquisition of dMarc. using the instant messaging tools from Google Talk. Google Romance: ―Dating is a search problem. allowing your to upload and share your photos online. is one of more than Thai and Vietnamese. Larry Brilliant becomes the executive director of Google. goes live in China. Germany. . complete with sharing and group features. Back to top 2006 January     Our first Code Jam in China concludes in Beijing. a local domain version of Google. We announce Google Checkout. Bangalore and New York collaborates to create Google Finance.

which later becomes Google Sites. and 13-year old Katherine Chisnall is .  Gmail. October      Together with LitCam and UNESCO‗s Institute for Lifelong Learning. literacy groups and anyone interested in reading promotion. We acquire JotSpot. we launch the Literacy Project. September    We add an archive search to Google News. Gmail launches in Arabic and Hebrew. Tomasz Czajka from Poland wins the final round. Star Trek‗s 40th Anniversary Convention in Las Vegas features a Google booth showcasing tools appropriate for intergalactic use. Italian. Featured Content for Google Earth includes overlays from the UN Environmental Program. giving bloggers and website owners the ability to create a search engine tailored to their own interests. Chinese and Turkish. We announce our acquisition of YouTube. Google Custom Search Engine launches. We release web-based applications Docs & Spreadsheets: Word processor Docs is a reworking of Writely (acquired in March). with more than 200 years of historical articles. Apps for Your Domain. Spanish. The University Complutense of Madrid becomes the first Spanish-language library to join the Google Books Library Project. bringing the number of interfaces up to 40. Google News and iGoogle become available on mobile phones in eight more languages besides English: French. the Jane Goodall Institute and the National Park Service. Discovery Networks.K. More than 100 libraries on 10 campuses of the University of California join the Google Books Library Project. nearly 10. is released. offering resources for teachers. Google Book Search begins offering free PDF downloads of books in the public domain. takes place with the theme My Britain. Russian. Dutch. November  The first nationwide Doodle 4 Google contest in the U.000 kids in Britain enter. July  At Google Code Jam Europe. More than 15. German.000 programmers from 31 countries compete at Google Dublin for the top prizes. August      We launch free citywide WiFi in Mountain View. a collaborative wiki platform. a suite of applications designed for organizations of all sizes. and including including Gmail and Calendar.

the world‗s largest mobile telecom carrier. Simplified Chinese. We introduce traffic information to Google Maps for more than 30 cities around the U. February       We release Google Maps in Australia.000 other programmers from all over the continent.000 university students in Kenya and Rwanda. There have been Doodle 4 Google contests in several other years and countries since.S. April  This April Fools‗ Day is extra busy: not only do we introduce the Gmail Paper Archive and TiSP (Toilet Internet Service Provider)—we lose (and find) a real snake in our New York office! . Back to top 2007 January  We announce a partnership with China Mobile.. to visit the Googleplex. For Valentine‗s Day. Polish. Turkish. bringing cloud computing to businesses. German. Italian. December  We release Patent Search in the indexing more than 7 million patents dating back to 1790. Portuguese (Brazil) and Russian. Dutch. (Previously. Spanish. including Senator Barack Obama and Senator John McCain. the first of several 2008 Presidential candidates. Traditional Chinese. we open up Gmail to everyone. to provide mobile and Internet search services in Google Docs & Spreadsheets is available in eleven more languages: French. it was available by invitation only. complete with local business results and mobile capability. Korean.) Google Apps Premier Edition launches. He scored more points than 5. The Candidates@Google series kicks off with Senator Hillary Clinton. March   Our first Latin American software coding contest ends with Fábio Dias Moreira of Brazil taking the grand prize.chosen to have her doodle displayed on We sign partnerships to give free access to Google Apps for Education to 70.

 We add eight more languages to Blogger. On Developer Day. in collaboration with Intel. combining that company‗s on-demand CRM applications with AdWords.) Google Finance becomes available for non-U. Now video. we announce Google Gears (now known just as Gears). July     We announce the acquisition of Postini. August  We ask users for their interpretation of how Gmail travels around the world. Japan. the completion of our installation of solar panels at the Googleplex.S. bringing the total to 19. and receive more than 1. Italy.K. listing the current 100 most active queries. Street View debuts in Google Maps in five U. we plant a vegetable garden in the middle of the Googleplex. May       In partnership with the Growing Connection. Democratic Presidential candidates. Ireland and the U. we announce new strides taken towards universal search. We unveil several ―green‖ initiatives: RechargeIT. The office is an AdWords support site. Las Vegas. designed to help nonprofit organizations use Google Earth to advocate their causes. cities: New York. . Google Earth Outreach is introduced. We announce a partnership with Salesforce.100 video responses from more than 65 different countries.S. We also announce the Climate Savers Computing Initiative. Michigan and Governor Jennifer Granholm helps us celebrate. and our intention to be completely carbon-neutral by the end of 2007. in Mountain View. image and local results are all integrated together in one search result. news. books. in Canada.S. markets for the first time. Poland. Miami and Denver. YouTube becomes available in nine more domains: Brazil. June      Google Maps gets prime placement on the original Apple iPhone. San Francisco. an open source technology for creating offline web applications. Dell and more than 30 other companies. We move into permanent space in Ann Arbor. the Netherlands. The first CNN/YouTube debate takes place between the eight U. (The Republicans get their turn in November 2007. the output of which is incorporated into our café offerings. Google Hot Trends launches. aimed at accelerating the adoption of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Google Apps is now available in 28 languages. At our Searchology event. showing what people are searching for at the moment. France.

Spanish. we introduce the $10 million Android Developer Challenge. Japanese and Korean. a new application for making slide presentations. is announced. including layers for constellation information and virtual tours of galaxies. We bid in the 700 MHz spectrum auction to ensure that a more open wireless world becomes available to consumers. Google. Chinese (Traditional and Simplified). Google Reader becomes available in French. a robotic race to the Moon for a $30 million prize purse. to Google Docs. a set of common APIs for developers to build applications for social announces RE<C. Italian. and a collaboration with other companies in the Open Handset Alliance. improve public services and fuel the growth of small enterprises. the first open platform for mobile devices. We add Presently. there is a new dedication to solutions that can predict and prevent crises worldwide.). . The initial focus is on support for solar thermal power and wind power technologies. Back to top 2008 January   Google. September     AdSense for Mobile is introduced. Dutch. giving sites optimized for mobile browsers the ability to host the same ads as standard websites. an initiative designed to create electricity from renewable sources that are cheaper than announces five key initiatives: in addition to the previously-announced RE<C and RechargeIT. English (U. Android. Soon after. Together with the X PRIZE Foundation we announce the Google Lunar X PRIZE. To infinity and beyond! Sky launches inside Google Earth. October  We partner with IBM on a supercomputing initiative so that students can learn to work at Internet scale on computing challenges. November    We announce OpenSocial.K. December  The Queen of England launches The Royal Channel on YouTube. German. She is the first monarch to establish a video presence this way.

debuts. April      We feature 16 April Fools‗ jokes from our offices around the world. Together with Yahoo and MySpace. contributed by such artists and designers as Dale Chihuly. Arabic. or other right-to-left languages. a Manpower Search (China) and the Google Wake-Up Kit. plus applications built by the OpenSocial developer community. to see which ones yield the most sales. March   We finally complete the acquisition deal for DoubleClick. leads or other goals. Oscar de la Renta. we announce the OpenSocial Foundation. KML 2. message posting and reviews. At the same time. we preview Google FriendConnect. Google search now supports Unicode 5. we introduce a feature aimed at making searches easier by detecting the direction of a query. incorporating Street View and 12 more languages. With IPv4 addresses (the numbers that computers use to connect to the Internet) running low. Google Website Optimizer comes out of beta. Bonus foolishness: all viewers linking to YouTube-featured videos are ―Rickrolled. At a developer event. is accepted as an official Open Geospacial Consortium standard. Sites enables you to create collaborative websites with embedded videos. which began as the Google Earth file format.‖ A new version of Google Earth launches. a set of functions and applications enabling website owners to easily make their sites social by adding registration. invitations. Google Earth adds new satellite information for the region(s) to help recovery efforts.1. AdSense for Conversations. Google Sites. Google search becomes available over IPv6. It‗s a free website-testing tool with which site owners can continually test different combinations of their website content (such as images and text). including the new airline announced with Sir Richard Branson (Virgle). We introduce a collection of 70+ new themes (―skins‖) for iGoogle.2. expanding from an AdWords-only product. documents and calendars. an independent non-profit group designed to provide transparency and operational guidelines around the open software tools for social computing. a revamp of the acquisition JotSpot.February   For people searching in Hebrew. Kwon Ki-Soo and Philippe Starck. We launch Google Finance China allowing Chinese investors to get stock and mutual fund data as a result of this collaboration between our New York and Shanghai teams. a new IP address space large enough to . members gallery. Reflecting our commitment to searchers worldwide. May     Following both the Sichuan earthquake in China and Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar (Burma). sign-ups.

Norwegian. Hindi. For the first time. Google Suggest feature arrives on Google. 2008 Doodle 4 Google competition for her doodle ―Up In The Clouds. Croatian. Google engineers create the problems for contestants to solve at the 7th Annual Code Jam competition. store and manage their medical records and health information online.‖ using only data. We introduce a series of blog posts detailing the many aspects of good search results on the Official Google Blog. elections. political conventions. site owners can enable Google-powered searches on their own websites. a set of experimental Gmail features. debuts with the launch of the Apple 3G iPhone. A new version of Maps for Mobile debuts. Google Translate adds 10 more languages (Bulgarian. September .    assign almost three billion networks to every person on the planet. with news. Polish. With the launch of Google Site Search. which let you customize your Gmail experience. August    Street View is available in several cities in Japan and Australia—the first time it‗s appeared outside of North America or Europe. we launch a site dedicated to the 2008 U. allowing people to safely and securely collect. reduce spelling errors and reduce keystrokes. helping formulate queries.S. Danish. featuring My Location and word suggestions for quicker mobile searching. Just in time for the U. California 6th grader Grace Moon wins the U. and not cameras. Czech. bringing the total to 23. video and photos as well as tools for teachers and campaigners. We launch Gmail Labs. We release Google Health to the public. Our indexing system for processing links indicates that we now count 1 trillion unique URLs (and the number of individual web pages out there is growing by several billion pages per day).com.S. Romanian and Swedish). putting Google Transit directions on phones in more than 50 cities worldwide. including saved searches and different kinds of stars. Finnish. We work with the band Radiohead to make a music video of their song ―House of Cards. Vint Cerf is a key proponent of broad and immediate adoption of IPv6.‖ June      Real-time stock quotes go live on Google Finance for the first time. July     We provide Street View for the entire 2008 Tour de France route—the first launch of Street View imagery in Europe. Our first downloadable iPhone app.S.

S. At the same time. political process at the presidential nominating conventions for the Democratic and Republican parties. We see this decision as a clear victory for Internet users and anyone who wants good wireless communications.S. an indicator of flu activity around the U. the FCC formally agrees to open up ―white spaces. At the same time. off of coal and oil for electricity use and to reduce oil use by cars 40 percent by 2030. as much as two weeks earlier than traditional flu surveillance systems. The G1 becomes available for purchase in October. adding and commenting on search results. Google News Archive helps to make more old newspapers accessible and searchable online by partnering with newspaper publishers to digitize millions of pages of news archives. a way for you to customize your own search experience by reranking.       Word gets out about Chrome a bit ahead of schedule when the comic book that introduces our new open source browser is released earlier than planned on September 1. SearchWiki launches. making public transit information easily available for users of the largest transportation agency in the U. October    We release the first draft of Clean Energy 2030. including new editing tools.S. T-Mobile announces the G1. November     In a vote by 5-0. After we discover a correlation between certain search queries and CDC data on flu symptoms. the first phone built on the Android operating system. Only a fraction of the approximately 10 million photos have ever been seen before. deleting. We get involved with the U. December . The browser officially becomes available for worldwide download a day later. Thanks to all of you. We announce the availability of the LIFE photo archive in Google Image Search. we release a new Android Software Developer Kit. The plan could generate billions in savings as well as millions of ―green jobs. a proposal to wean the U. for wireless broadband service. We release an upgrade for Picasa.‖ We introduce Google Earth for the iPhone and iPod touch. Google celebrates 10 fast-paced years.‖ or unused television spectrum. a movie maker and easier syncing with the web.S. Comments can also be read by other users. and the Open Handset Alliance announces its intention to open source the entire Android platform by the end of 2008. Googlers in Mountain View build a zip line to travel across the small Permanente Creek separating a few of our buildings. complete with photos. Picasa Web Albums is updated with a new feature allowing you to ‖name tag‖ people in photos. we release Google Flu Trends. We launch Transit for the New York metro region. geolocated Wikipedia articles and the ability to tilt your phone to view 3D terrain.

providing updates from the Pope and Catholic Church. February     The latest version of Google Earth makes a splash with Ocean. Together with the New America Foundation‗s Open Technology Institute. and it gives advertisers an efficient way to reach those who are most interested in their products or services. The Vatican launches a YouTube Channel. Thai. Albanian. North Dakota and South Dakota). we announce Measurement Lab (M-Lab). Estonian. Google Friend Connect is available to any webmaster looking to easily integrate social features into their site. a Google Maps for mobile feature and an iGoogle gadget that lets you share your location with friends and see the approximate location of people who have decided to share their location with you. . Maltese and Galician. Street View coverage more than doubles in the United States. We introduce Google Latitude. Hungarian. We partner with publishers to digitize millions of magazine articles and make them readily available on Google Book Search. After adding Turkish. a new feature that provides a 3D look at the ocean floor and information about one of the world‗s greatest natural resources. covering 98 percent of the languages read by Internet users. the world‗s first collaborative online orchestra.) March  We launch a beta test of interest-based advertising on partner sites and on YouTube. the PlanetLab Consortium and academic researchers. (Hint: it‗s a button on our homepage. including several states never before seen on Street View (Maine. Back to top 2009 January    We kick off January with the launch of Picasa for Mac at Macworld. West Virginia. This kind of tailored advertising lets us show ads more closely related to what people are searching for. Google Translate is capable of automatic translation between 41 languages.    We invite musicians around the globe to audition to participate in the YouTube Symphony Orchestra. Our first message on Twitter gets back to binary: I‗m 01100110 01100101 01100101 01101100 01101001 01101110 01100111 00100000 01101100 01110101 01100011 01101011 01111001 00001010. an open platform that provides tools to test broadband connections.

we rent some goats from a local company. we introduce a few new search features. We rebuild and redesign Google Labs as well as release two new Labs: Similar Image search and Google News Timeline. Over 90 musicians from around the world—including a Spanish guitarist. Google Suggest goes local with keyword suggestions for 51 languages in 155 domains.S. as well as read news and other information. . The White House holds an online town hall to answer citizens‗ questions submitted on Google Moderator.‖ We announce Google Ventures: a venture capital fund aimed at using our resources to support innovation and encourage promising new technology companies. We launch new iGoogle backdrops inspired by video games. find their polling place. a Dutch harpist and a Lithuanian birbyne player—perform in the first-ever YouTube Symphony Orchestra at Carnegie Hall. Steve Mottershead. where people can check to see if they‗re registered to vote. Lifelong Friendship Society. Motion Theory. Default Office. We release 11 short films about Google Chrome made by Christoph Niemann. including classics like ―Mario. We see it as a sign that we‗re on track with our approach to building environmentally friendly offices. We begin to show Google profile results at the bottom of U. Later in the month. Using our transliteration technology. our ―Cognitive Autoheuristic Distributed-Intelligence Entity‖ who spends the day taking over various Google products before self-destructing. April        Our April Fools‗ Day prank this year is CADIE. Open. including the Search Options panel and rich snippets in search results. we introduce Toolbar Labs. we launch the Google India Elections Centre. Green Building Council‗s LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Green Building Rating System.S. search pages when people search for names. They help us trim the grass the low-carbon way! At our second Searchology event. The new application improves the way you use your phone. we build and release a feature in Gmail that makes it easy to type messages in Indian languages like Hindi or Malayalam. giving people more control over what others find about them when they search on Google.       We release Google Voice to existing Grand Central users. May   To clear brush and reduce fire hazard in the fields near our Mountain View headquarters. We announce an update to search which enables people to get localized results even if they don‗t include a location in their search query. with features like voicemail transcription and archive and search of all of your SMS text messages. Go Robot. SuperFad. For India‗s 15th general election. We celebrate our San Francisco office‗s Gold rating from the U. Hunter Gatherer. Jeff&Paul and Pantograph.‖ ―Zelda‖ and ―Donkey Kong.

It‗s a single search interface for volunteer activities across many major volunteering sites and organizations that‗s developed using App Engine and Google Base. panoramic images shot by the Apollo astronauts and narrated tours. about how customers find their businesses in Google Maps. wins the second U. Many Googlers contributed to the open source project in their 20 percent time. a sixth grader at Bernard Harris Middle School in San Antonio. lightweight operating system initially targeted at netbooks. making it easier to find the types of images you need.   We launch Sky Map for Android. Christin Engelberth. The Google Translator Toolkit is a new set of editing tools that helps people translate and publish work in other languages faster and at a higher quality. Google Docs and Google Talk are now out of beta. Google Calendar. constellations and planets. and nature themes.S. such as what people searched for to see their listing or how many times their listing appeared in search results.‖ At our second annual Google I/O developer conference in San Francisco. July      Both the enterprise and consumer versions of Gmail. . an open source. Our automatic translation system also learns from any corrections. The new comics themes for iGoogle range from classic strips like Peanuts to heroes like Batman to alternative comics from all over the world. which allows developers to earn revenue by displaying text and image ads in iPhone and Android applications. which uses your Android phone to help you identify stars. a new experiment in Labs intended for certain kinds of complex search queries. We announce that we‗re developing the Google Chrome OS. Texas. a new communication and collaboration tool. which lets you see your favorite celebrities‗ homepages look like and add gadgets and more from those pages to your own. June        We add a new dashboard to Google Places which gives business owners information. We add a search options panel to Google Images. Google Squared. The tool features lunar imagery. We introduce two new ways to customize your iGoogle page: the iGoogle Showcase. we preview Google Wave. similar to a spreadsheet. collects facts from the web and presents them in an organized collection. We announce All for Good. Google SMS is a suite of mobile applications that allows people in Africa to access information—like health and agriculture tips. and includes a marketplace application for finding buyers and sellers of goods. We launch Moon in Google Earth on the 40th anniversary of the moon landing. information about the Apollo landing sites. news and local weather—using SMS on their mobile phones. We release a beta version of AdSense for Mobile Applications. Doodle 4 Google competition with her doodle ―A new beginning.

media-sharing and to-do list gadgets as well as an update feed for friends‗ activities. like photos. nearby transit. lets you quickly browse through recent news. is now available in 16 additional countries and in 37 languages. Welsh and Yiddish to Google Translate. We introduce Place Pages to Google Maps: one page that organizes all the relevant information about a business. especially when deployed abroad. transit station. to help them keep in better touch with family and friends. Macedonian. an experiment in Google Labs. Flu Trends. including social gaming. Place Pages include rich details. a real-time marketplace that helps large online publishers on one side. while at the same time offering some of the benefits of online news. On the birthday of the ―father of science fiction. we introduce a forecasting feature and an animated map.G.S. More than 300 million people visit the blogging site every month.‖ we unveil the truth behind a mysterious series of doodles in tribute to H. FastFlip. buy and sell display advertising space. we introduce the DoubleClick Ad Exchange. Swahili. Icelandic. and ad networks and agency networks on the other. October   We begin a series of posts on the Official Google Blog dedicated to the latest and greatest in the world of Google search. Wells. Irish. . Google Insights for Search is now available in 39 languages around the world. landmark or city—in any part of the world—in one place. Malay. like aggregation and search over many top publications. and we‗re proud that it continues to be a medium for people around the world to freely express themselves. service member is invited to sign up for a Google Voice account. The search box on our classic homepage gets bigger. so you can monetize your viral video and earn revenue even if you aren‗t a member of the Partnership Program. We expand the YouTube Partnership Program to include individual popular videos. a Street View preview. We add Afrikaans.August       Any active U. a high-quality video compression technology company. We acquire reCAPTCHA. neighborhood. New social features come to iGoogle. videos. personalization and the ability to share content with your friends. Belarusian.550 language pairs! September        We celebrate the birthday of a product nearly as old as Google itself: Blogger. While we‗re at it. bringing the total number of supported languages to 51— that‗s 2. In an effort to create a more open display advertising ecosystem for everyone. reviews and related websites. point of interest. a technology company focused on Optical Character Recognition (OCR)—the process that converts scanned images into plain text. our flu surveillance tool. headlines and popular topics like a print magazine. We announce a deal to acquire On2 Technologies.

We add full-text legal opinions from U. When you enter the name of a song. Google Maps Navigation. it always includes the newest map data. We think this addition will empower the average citizen by helping everyone learn more about the laws that govern us all. With our new real-time search feature. Just in time for the holidays. December     A new homepage design shows only our logo. enable people around the world to access video content through machine translation. federal and state district. we opensource the project as Chromium OS in order to engage with partners. includes 3D views and voice guidance—and because it‗s connected to the Google cloud. such as Gmail or Image Search. lets you search by voice or along a route. as well as extensions for Chrome in Windows and Linux (all in beta). appellate and supreme courts to Google Scholar. our turn-by-turn GPS navigation system. a tool for creating buildings for Google Earth that lets you construct a model of a building using aerial photos and simple 3D shapes. By combining automatic speech recognition (ASR) technology with the YouTube caption system. November       The Google Dashboard provides you with greater transparency and control over the data associated with your Google Account. as well as news headlines and blog posts published just seconds before your search—right on the search results page. Google Public DNS is part of our ongoing effort to make the web faster. artist or album. An experimental feature in Labs called Image Swirl builds on new computer vision research to cluster similar images into representative groups in a fun. you can see live updates from people on popular sites like Twitter. we offer automatic captions in YouTube. Captions can help the deaf and hearing impaired. or even a snippet of lyrics. . We announce an agreement with Twitter to include their updates in our search results. and provides live traffic data. improve search and enable users to jump to the exact parts of the videos they‗re looking for. A new search feature helps you find music information on the web. a new experiment on Google Labs. A new series on the Official Google Blog covers what‘s new in Google Apps. we roll out Mac and Linux versions of Google Chrome. when the user moves the mouse. Social Search. and reveals other links on the homepage. the search box and the buttons upon first loading. A few months after announcing our open source operating system project. A DNS resolver converts easy-to-remember domain names into unique Internet Protocol (IP) numbers so that computers can communicate with one another. the open source community and developers. helps you find relevant public content from your friends and contacts right in your Google search results. your search results will include links to an audio preview of those songs provided by our music search partners.     We introduce BuildingMaker.S. exploratory interface.

YouTube reveals official Most-Watched lists and some of its fastestrising search terms for the past year. gathered with a special camera-equipped snowmobile. . February       The first-ever Google Super Bowl ad tells a love story through search terms. is an experimental format prototype for presenting online news. In time for the Winter Games in Vancouver. including an easy way to share any page on the web. we introduce Street View imagery of Whistler Blackcomb Mountains.   Living Stories. ZIP archives and more to the cloud through Google you can upload all file types. RAW photos.) We introduce a few new features to Google Toolbar. an exemplar of what‗s possible on mobile devices through Android. but now codify them to share our thinking as we create new technologies. We state our new approach to business in China: Google will no longer censor search results on Google. as well as a Google-hosted web store aimed at providing people with an easier way to buy a mobile phone. delivering Internet speeds more than 100 times faster than what most Americans have access to today. videos. webpages or whatever might be on your mind—built into Gmail and for mobile. We introduce Safety Mode in YouTube. if possible. We‗ve always operated under these principles. For the first time. (We ended this experiment in February Back to top 2010 January     We introduce Nexus One. giving you one place where you can upload and access your key files online. and we will work to determine how we might operate an unfiltered search engine within the law. Now. we publish our privacy principles. and open-sourced the code for anyone to use. shortened by a new URL shortener (goo. a company that lets you quickly and easily tap into the knowledge and experience of your friends and extended network of contacts. an opt-in setting to help screen out potentially objectionable content that you may prefer not to see or don‗t want others in your family to stumble across while enjoying YouTube. developed in partnership with The New York Times and The Washington Post. On International Data Privacy Day. This is one of many videos made to celebrate the human quests behind search. Google Buzz is a new way to start conversations about things you find interesting—like photos. We announce a plan to build and test ultra high-speed broadband networks. in a small number of trial locations across the United States. including large graphics files. We acquire Aardvark.

hk. DoubleClick for Publishers and DFP Small Business. May    As part of our efforts to accelerate the deployment of renewable energy. a site enabling you to edit your photos in the cloud. Google News and Google Images–on to Google. New features for real-time search include the ability to search the archive of public tweets and ―replay‖ the conversation from a particular moment in time. March      We acquire Picnik. we change our name to Topeka. With Earth view in Google Maps. Kansas. April        For April Fools‗ Day. without leaving your browser. deploy and manage cloud applications that integrate with Google We launch a Government Requests tool to give people information about the requests for user data or content removal we receive from government agencies around the world. . instead redirecting users from Google. In response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. We roll out a refreshed look for our search results. Oregon becomes the first state to open up Google Apps for Education to public schools throughout the state. with a new. combines Google‗s technology and infrastructure with DoubleClick‗s display advertising and ad serving experience. Scientists announce a significant new hominid fossil discovery. contextual left-hand panel that highlights the most relevant search tools and refinements for your query. made with help from Google Earth. as well as a tool called Google Follow Finder that helps you find new people to follow. we make our first direct investment in a utility-scale renewable energy project. we provide Google Earth imagery of the spill‘s spread. the ability to use an easy advertising program called Tags. which changed its name to Google as part of an effort to bring our experimental fiber network to that city. you can explore Google Earth‘s detailed 3D imagery and terrain directly in Google Maps. Following the January announcement about search in China. The change is a tribute to Topeka. in some cities. Stars in search is a new feature that makes it easier for you to mark and rediscover your favorite web content. in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site in South Africa. like showing service areas and. on your browser. Bike directions and bike trail data come to Google Maps. The next generation of ad-serving technology for online publishers. we stop censoring our search services–Google Google Places (formerly the Local Business Center) gets a new name along with some new features. The Google Apps Marketplace is a new online store for integrated business applications that allows Google Apps customers to easily discover.

a company that maintains an open database of things in the world. we provide a landing page where users can use Google. and is the largest collection of web content we‗ve offered. and/or click through to Google. Caffeine. (Later. website publishers and non-profits. The Google News homepage is redesigned to make your view of news more relevant and easier for you to share interesting stories. The 2010 Doodle 4 Google winner in the U. We acquire Metaweb. We catch football fever. July     We sign an agreement to acquire ITA. provides 50 percent fresher results for web searches than our last index. With help from the Marin Bee Company. we release our first-ever playable doodle. we generated a total of $54 billion of economic activity for American businesses. We have our first honey harvest later in the year. We collaborate with the Guggenheim Museum on a global online for search. this project becomes the inspiration for a company contest. is third grader Mackenzie Melton. . our new indexing system. availability and prices. We release a report on our economic impact in the United States: in 2009. PAC-MAN. as seen through the eyes of people around the world.       A team of Googlers in London create a photomosaic of the Google to Google. apps. which is built on Android and Chrome and gives you an easy and fast way to navigate to television channels. shows and movies. a software company specializing in organizing airline data. we install the Hiveplex–four bee hives painted in Google‘s colors. offering ways for fans to stay on top of the 2010 World Cup as well as a lot of thorough analysis of soccer search trends. Instead. June         You can now personalize your Google. You have the option to search more securely with SSL-encrypted Google web complete with all 256 levels and Ms.‖ We officially acquire AdMob. to discover the most creative video in the world. a mobile display advertising company. Google Voice is now available to anyone in the U. It‘s so popular we soon give it a permanent home. we announce Google TV. including flight times. websites. situated in a flowered area on our campus. with a handful of other announcements and with a background image. We stop redirecting Chinese users from Google.S.) At Google I/O. ―Life in a Day‖ is a cinematic experiment to document one day. We announce an agreement to purchase the clean energy from 114 megawatts of wind generation at the NextEra Energy Resources Story County II facility in Iowa. for her doodle ―Rainforest Habitat. called YouTube Play: A Biennal of Creative Video. In celebration of PAC-MAN‘s 30th birthday.S. We‘re busy at I/O this services that we can provide without filtering.

We acquire Slide. designed to make it easier for you to take advantage of some of the powerful technology behind Images. cities. along with more tools for exploring and refining real-time results. we announce a joint policy proposal for an open Internet.. If you‘re in the U. Google Apps for Government.S. using a variety of signals. Realtime Search gets a new standalone homepage. you can explore all seven continents at eye level! . Ireland and Antarctica imagery comes to Street View. Google News turns eight. September         We celebrate Google Chrome‘s second birthday with a new release of the browser that‘s three times faster than the original beta. August         We will not continue to develop Google Wave as a standalone product. With Verizon. We announce the five winners of Project 10^100. Google Instant predicts what you‘re interested in and shows you search results as you type so you can quickly get to the information you‘re looking for. Our new Family Safety Center is a one-stop shop with info for parents and teachers on how to keep kids safe online. Brazil. A new online Transparency Report gives people tools to see where governments are demanding that we remove content and where Google services are being blocked. our newest edition of Google Apps. includes the same Google applications offered to businesses and everyday users. with specific measures to address the policy and security needs of the public sector.S. an experimental way of handling information overload in Gmail. you can now call any phone directly from Gmail. Now. Priority Inbox. Voice Actions for Android are a series of voice commands that let you control your phone just by speaking. automatically sorts your email by importance. three years after we first launched Street View in five U. a social technology company with an extensive history of building new ways for people to connect with others across numerous platforms online. ―The Wilderness Downtown‖ is a musical experience created by writer/director Chris Milk with the band Arcade Fire and Google.  Google Images gets a new look. built with Google Chrome in mind using HTML5 and other technologies. We celebrate the 50th anniversary of ―The Flintstones‖ with a Google doodle.