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Pictorial supplement to The Fifth Kingdom - Chapter 5d

Subphylum Basidiomycotina - part 4 Class Holobasidiomycetes Agaricales Order

Families: Tricholomataceae, Russulaceae, Boletaceae, Gomphidiaceae, Gyrodontaceae, Paxillaceae, Strobilomycetaceae (44 pictures)

Tricholomataceae - Tricholoma flavovirens, the type species of the genus Tricholoma X 2/3

Tricholomataceae - Tricholoma nudum = Lepista nuda, the blewit, a good edible ectomycorrhizal species (which crops up every year under the conifers in my garden) X 1/2

Tricholomataceae - Armillaria mellea, the honey fungus X 2/3

Tricholomataceae - bootlaces (rhizomorphs) of Armillaria, developing under bark X 1/3

Tricholomataceae - Catathelasma imperialis, a large ectomycorrhizal fungus that resembles the pine mushroom (Tricholoma magnivelare) but lacks its edibility and its spicy aroma. X 1/3

Tricholomataceae - Clitocybe clavipes X 1/2

Tricholomataceae - Collybia cookei fruiting on a dead agaric X2

Tricholomataceae - Collybia tuberosa X1

Tricholomataceae - Collybia racemosa with its synnematal Sclerostilbum anamorph growing along the stipe X 2/3

Tricholomataceae - Collybia maculata X 1/2

Tricholomataceae - Flammulina velutipes, the velvet stipe, a lignicolous (wood-inhabiting) species that fruits in winter X 1/3

Tricholomataceae - Laccaria laccata, a very common and rather variable ectomycorrhizal species X1

Tricholomataceae - Lyophyllum decastes, the fried chicken mushroom X 1/2

Tricholomataceae - Marasmius oreades, the fairy ring mushroom X 1/2

Tricholomataceae - Mycena leiana X 1/4

Tricholomataceae - Mycena leiana with marginate gills (the edges are orange-red) X 1.5

Tricholomataceae - Nyctalis asterophora attacking Lactarius. The cap of the parasite becomes a mass of conidia, so what looks like a teleomorph is in fact an anamorph X 1/2

Tricholomataceae - Xeromphalina campanella fruiting in large aggregations on a dead stump X 1/2

Tricholomataceae - Xerula radicata (formerly Collybia radicata and then Oudemansiella radicata) (now placed in a segregate family, the Xerulaceae) X 1/3

Russulaceae
Russulaceae - characteristic basidiospores, with ornamentations that stain blue in Melzer's reagent (which provides the yellow background) X 1000

Russulaceae - Russula emetica, a typical species with a brightly coloured cap X 1/2

Russulaceae - Russula virescens X 1/2

Russulaceae - Macowanites sp., a sequestrate derivative of Russula X 2/3

Russulaceae - basidiospores of the sequestrate Macowanites, stained in Melzer's reagent and showing its connection to Russula X 1000

Russulaceae - Lactarius deliciosus X 1/2

Russulaceae - Lactarius vinaceorufescens, with white milk rapidly turning yellow X 1/2

Russulaceae - Zelleromyces gilkeyae, a sequestrate derivative of Lactarius X 3/4

Boletaceae

Boletaceae - the characteristic reticulum (network) on the stipe of Boletus. X2

Boletaceae - Boletus edulis - the cep (France), steinpilz (Germany), porcini (Italy) of Europe. This is a variable species that also occurs all over North America. X 1/5

Boletaceae - another form of Boletus edulis from Ontario. All varieties share the light brown cap and yellow tube mouths X 1/4

Boletaceae - Boletus frostii mycorrhizal with oaks in Southern Ontario X 1/3

Boletaceae - Tylopilus felleus, (unfortunately) the bitter bolete, with pink tube mouths, flourishing in Algonquin Park, Ontario.

Boletaceae - Tylopilus felleus X 1/4

Boletaceae - the sequestrate Gastroboletus. In common with many other boletes, its tissues stain blue when exposed to air X 1/2

Boletaceae - Suillus spraguei - note the partial veil X 3/5

Boletaceae - Suillus grevillei X 1/3

Boletaceae - the sequestrate Truncocolumella rubra X 1/2

Boletaceae - sectioned basidioma of Rhizopogon parksii, showing spongy hymenium, absence of stipe, despite close relationship to Suillus X1

Gomphidiaceae
Gomphidiaceae - young basidiomata of Gomphidius subroseus X 1/2

Gomphidiaceae - Gomphidius X 1/2

Gyrodontaceae
Gyrodontaceae - Fuscoboletinus paluster X 1/2

Paxillaceae

Paxillaceae - Paxillus involutus X 1/2

Strobilomycetaceae

Strobilomycetaceae - Strobilomyces floccopus X 2/3

If you are interested in relationships among the Agaricales, may I recommend that you visit the following web page, where phylogenetic schemes based on molecular evidence are posted. http://www.botany.duke.edu/fungi/mycolab/agarical.htm

mostly bolete stamps, from the former East Germany...

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© Mycologue Publications 2001