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Analytical Instruments Question Bank

Unit-I 1. Explain Bear-Lambert’s Law. And explain the curve C v/s A and C v/s T. 2. Write a short note on electromagnetic radiation spectrum. 3. What do you mean by optical filters? explain following a)Interference filters b) Absorption filters b)Holograms 4. What do you mean by monochromator explain the Diffraction grating and prism type monochromators. 5. What do you understand from the Absorption instruments? Explain with a suitable diagram. 6. How many types of radiation source can be used in UV and Vs Spectroscopy? Explain Black body radiation source. 7. Write a short note on single beam and double beam instruments (Spectrophotometer/colorimeter). 8. Explain spectronic 21. 9. Explain the following a. b. c. d. 10. Photo voltaic cell PMT Black body radiation source Discharge Lamp

Explain Microprocessor based Spectrometers.

UNIT-2 1. What is the principle of IR spectroscopy ? And Write a short note on IR radiation Sources. (page no. 110). 2. Write a short note on Ebert Monochromators (page no. 114). 3. What do you understand with IR detector Explain Thermal detector and Quantum detectors. 4. Explain Optical null method and Ratio recording method for IR spectroscopy. 5. What are the different Sample handling technique Explain all. 6. What are the thermal type detector also explain types of thermal detector? 7. explain quantum type detector used for IR spectroscopy. 8. Explain FTIR. 9. What is the Vibrational spectroscopy ? why it is called vibrational spectroscopy? 10. What are the possible action when an atom absorb the EM radiation? Explain.

UNIT -3 1. What is the flame photometry Explain the block diagram of flame photometry. 2. What is the use of atomizer ? Explain all types of atomizer.

3. Write a short note on the following for flame photometry, i. Flame ii. Burner iii. Monochromators iv. Filters v. Detectors 4. Explain single beam and double beam instrument for flame photometry. 5. Explain Clinical flame photometer and Recording type flame photometer. 6. Explain AAS and its Principle with the help of suitable Diagram.(Page no. 164 & 166) 7. What do you understand from nebulizer explain. Explain all types of nebulizer. 8. Explain hollow Cathode Lamp and Electrodeless Discharge Lamp. 9. Explain Optical system of AAS. 10. Explain electronic system of AAS and also Explain EHT .(Page no. 183,184,185)

UNIT-4 1. What do you mean by chromatogram and explain Gas chromatography 2. Explain the following detectors

TCD(pg no. 404), FID(pg no. 405) ,ECD(pg no. 410) ,FPD(pg no. 408) 3. Write a short note on the Sample injection method. 4. Explain Chromatographic column. 5. Write a short note on the following, 6. Isothermal operation 7. Temperature Programming 8. What do you mean by Mass spectroscopy explain following methods, i) Time of flight ii) Quadrupole iii) Radio frequency 9. Explain any two Sample Ionization Methods.Also explain following, 10. 11. 12. Electron Multiplier Micro channel Plate Faraday Cup ( page no. 252 to 258)

13. Explain the principle of mass spectroscopy with the help of diagram and also give some examples. 14. 15. 16. Explain Tandem mass spectrometer Explain GC-MS. Explain LC-MS

17. What do you mean from the plasma source? why they are so important for MS? 18. Explain ICP-mass spectroscopy.

UNIT-5 1. Explain NMR spectroscopy and the phenomenon of nuclear spin and nuclear energy level. 2. What do you mean from electron spin? 3. Explain NMR absorption spectra and Relaxation Process. 4. Explain Chemical shift. 5. Explain Resonance condition. 6. Explain Continuous Wave NMR Spectroscopy. 7. Explain T60 varian NMR. 8. Explain Fourier transform NMR spectroscopy. 9. What are the advantages of FT NMR spectroscopy over other methods? 10. Give an example of NMR spectra and explain in detail.

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