Cardiovascular Diseases List

Have you been on the lookout for all the different types of cardiovascular diseases? Well then, here is a comprehensive cardiovascular diseases list that talks about the different cardiovascular diseases, their causes, symptoms and treatment.

  

Of all the various diseases and disorders, cardiovascular diseases and disorders are a leading cause of death, not only in the United States, but the world over, including third world countries. Cardiovascular diseases are becoming alarmingly frequent nowadays. This rise in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases can be attributed to an unhealthy lifestyle, which includes lack of exercise and gorging on fast food. So, in case you feel that you are leading an unhealthy lifestyle, then it is time to take a look at this cardiovascular diseases list to see all the cardiovascular diseases types, causes, symptoms and their treatment. Cardiovascular Diseases List

      
Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive Heart Failure Coronary Artery Disease Acute Myocardial Infarction Hypertension Cardiac Arrhythmia Cardiomegaly Miscellaneous Cardiovascular Diseases

Congestive heart failure is one of the most common conditions affecting the heart, thus, cementing its place in one of the top slots of cardiovascular diseases list. It is the failure of the heart to meet the body demands of adequate circulation for its metabolizing tissues. The different types of congestive heart failure are acute or chronic heart failure, high output or low output heart failure and left sided or right sided biventricular failure. There can also be compensated or decompensated heart failure.

as seen in valvular heart disease (aortic and mitral disease). Physical signs include cyanosis. Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea attacks. palpitation and pain in the chest. as seen in the third stage of syphilis. engorged neck veins.Causes:      Symptoms: Left Heart Failure Symptoms Myocardial causes. Diseases interfering with diastolic filling of the heart. These include atrial tachycardias. Frequent but small meals should be consumed. Rhythm disturbances. insomnia. rheumatic fever. abdominal distension. pregnancy or thyrotoxicosis. tachycardia. especially in a compromised heart. The size of the heart is generally within normal limits. hypertension. amyloidosis. restlessness. breathlessness. Acute left heart failure is characterized by basal crepitations. like high fever. cold extremities. oliguria and nocturia. syphilitic heart disease. weight gain. like constrictive pericarditis. Mechanical lesions of the heart where there is a volume overload. facial pallor. Pulmonary diastolic murmur is seen due to pulmonary hypertension. elevated jugular venous pressure. since they reduce the end diastolic volume due to reduction in diastolic interval. hypertension and a galloping rhythm. The causes of this include viral infections like viral pneumonia. atrial flutter. atrial fibrillation and heart block. swelling of legs and feet. enlarged liver and edema over legs and feet. Right Heart Failure Symptoms     Generalized fatigue and weakness including cough. Treatment:   Take adequate rest but maintain a certain minimum level of physical activity. A nutritious diet that is well-balanced and is low in calories and salt is very important. Signs of pleural effusion maybe present. Conditions where there is an increased pressure on the heart to pump out more blood. Weakness. fatigue. diphtheria. . warm extremities.     Progressive breathlessness. that is more marked on exertion. pericardial effusion restrictive cardiomyopathy. Headache. pain and dragging sensation in the right hypochondrium. Evening meals should be light and adequate time interval should be maintained between the evening meals and the time of sleep. anorexia. coronary heart disease. and degenerative diseases involving the heart. beri-beri. where there is myocardial dysfunction leading to reduced contractile force of the heart.

They are mostly inotropic drugs that have a direct effect on the myocardium. Classically the patient has pain in the retrosternal region. resorting to a healthy diet by cutting down on high fat foods. is the leading cause of morbidity in middle and elderly aged men. uneasiness and fear. Coronary heart disease present complications like acute left heart failure. Acute myocardial infarction. In most cases there is need to take to drug therapy.   Certain general measures like a change in lifestyle. regular exercise etc. the patient is confined to bed and the diet is either light and semi-solid or liquid. then there are high chances of it precipitating into a coronary artery disease. shoulder and back. coronary artery disease. along with congestive heart failure. lack of physical activity etc. Angina is a complex symptom that is characterized by acute substernal pain that is often produced by reversible myocardial ischemia. This is the main line of . Chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy. It is accompanied by sweating. like obesity. For the treatment of angina. which significantly increases the risk of coronary heart disease. Of all the diseases in this cardiovascular diseases list. The pain maybe severely crushing or choking in nature and is often brought about by exertion or after a heavy meal and by walking in cold weather.  Often after being diagnosed with congestive heart failure. Smoking is also one of the main causes for instigating coronary artery disease. instant administration of sublingual nitrate in the form of nitroglycerine is done. If hypertension reaches a crisis level. Smoking leads to an increased level of nicotine and carbon monoxide in the blood. or ischemic heart disease as it is commonly called. radiating to precordium inner side of left arm. Coronary Artery Disease Coronary artery disease. reduction of smoking. Straining at stools must be avoided. This is the most vital symptom of arterial blockage in the heart and is also the main cardiovascular disease symptoms in women. cardiac arrhythmias and congestive failure. Symptoms:     Treatment: The most important coronary artery disease symptom seen is angina. There are certain risk factors which have been implicated in coronary heart disease. Other drugs that are also used include diuretics and vasodilators. diabetes mellitus. So a daily movement of bowels is desirable. is one of the most common causes of death. a high fat diet. Causes:     High levels of cholesterol in the blood is a high risk factor and one of the main causes of coronary artery disease. by increasing the systolic contraction of the heart and thus increasing the cardiac output.

and then should be slowly shifted to a semi-solid diet. A large number of myocardial infarction cases occur at rest. The various surgery options include angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery. which is commonly known as a heart attack. salvaging the myocardium. which is severe. thus. and even anti anxiety drugs. constricting and resembles an angina attack.therapy. cardiac arrhythmias. the patient should be preferably on a low fat diet. Fibrinolytic therapy is given to patients so as reduce the infarct size. Also. Streptokinase is the most commonly used fibrinolytic agent. . Other drugs that are used include beta blockers and calcium channel blockers. Oxygen is given via a mask. Acute Myocardial Infarction Of all the different types of heart diseases in this cardiovascular diseases list. which comes with a high mortality rate. Complete bed rest is enforced for the first 48 hours after an attack. accompanied by hypotension. with cold and sweating extremities and visible pallor. is one of the most common medical emergency conditions. Also. ventricular tachycardia. They help restore coronary blood flow. the patient may seem restless. then a slow intravenous or subcutaneous injection of morphine is given. which should be a liquid diet for the first few days. There may be symptoms of left heart failure. A subcutaneous injection of pain reliever is given.    Chest pain. acute myocardial infarction. Causes:   Symptoms: Coronary artery blockage is by far the most common cause of acute myocardial infarction. These agents reduce the infarct size and the ventricular damage. Partial or complete blockage of one or more coronary arteries leads to an attack of myocardial infarction which may even culminate in sudden cardiac arrest and death. If that fails to act. during sleep or sometimes after heavy exertion. Certain drugs are used for the cure and treatment of heart attack. variant angina and hypoglycemia. Treatment:       The first line of action in heart attack treatment is pain relief. fibrillation or supraventricular tachycardia. These also sometimes manifest as heart attack warning signs. certain sedative drugs. If all these measures fail. then the only option left for a patient of myocardial infarction is surgery. Weak peripheral pulse. This includes low dose aspirin. profusely sweating and be in a state of panic. Other factors that may lead to an acute myocardial infarction attack include unstable angina. The heart sound maybe muffled. Continuous oxygen administration provides relief by improving myocardial oxygen supply.

Causes:    Symptoms: Acute or transient hypertension can be caused by acute glomerulonephritis. Use of beta blockers. thyrotoxicosis. Drug therapy for hypertension includes the use of hypertension medications. leading to forceful heaving. Treatment:   General measures for treatment for high blood pressure include a change in lifestyle like exercising more. Blood pressure is the product of the amount of blood pumped by the heart and the resistance to the flow of this blood by the vessels. alpha blockers. Excessive intake of tea.   General symptoms include headache. hyperparathyroidism etc.Hypertension Hypertension is one of the most common conditions of all the conditions in most cardiovascular diseases list. tinnitus. giddiness etc. second aortic sound is loud and accentuated. Many a time. These medicines include diuretics for high blood pressure. adrenocortical tumors. alcohol or tobacco and nicotine can spur on arryhtmias. Cardiac arrhythmias can be very benign or can even be life-threatening. reduce the salt intake. acute intermittent porphyria. myocardial infarction. kidney cancer. cardiac arrhythmias may be the first manifestation of an underlying cardiac ailment. diabetic kimmelstiel wilson disease. In later stages. ACE inhibitors etc. calcium channel blockers. palpitations. . Causes:   Harmless arrhythmias maybe produced due to severe anxiety and stress. acromegaly. pheochromocytoma Certain kidney diseases like chronic nephritis. the heart might also enlarge. Heart rate is controlled by a number of factors. Endocrine disorders like Cushing's syndrome. it could lead to brain stem stroke. Cardiac Arrhythmia Any kind of irregularity in the heartbeat is known as cardiac arrhythmia. adequate rest and sleep. coffee. There may be mitral systolic murmur due to functional mitral insufficiency. reduce intake of alcohol etc. If left untreated. post toxemic hypertension. These are basic steps that need to be taken for lowering high blood pressure. congenital polycystic kidney. toxemia of pregnancy. They can manifest as rapid or irregular heartbeats such as premature beats or as ventricular tachycardias or fibrillation. These include the sympathetic and parasympathetic impulses. It is mostly agreed upon that systolic above 160mm of Hg and diastolic above 95mm of Hg is what is considered high blood pressure. Hypertension is a condition wherein the blood pressure of an individual is higher than normal blood pressure levels. chronic pyelonephritis. apical impulse. switching to a diet to lower high blood pressure.

hyperkalemia. palpitations. hypernatremia etc. supraventricular ectopic beats. They can also manifest as extra systoles or ectopic beats. Causes:   In certain cases. In other heart diseases. congenital heart disease etc. However. hypothyroidism. especially the ventricles in certain cases where the demand is more. lignocaine etc. ventricular tachycardias and ventricular fibrillation. shortness of breath. heaviness in chest. hypoglycemia. Depending on the type of condition that is causing the arrhythmia. it is an inherited disorder that occurs due to genetic mutation. diazepam. Unfortunately.     Symptoms: Certain metabolic factors such as diabetic ketoacidosis. the severity of the symptoms vary from person to person. Endocrinal disorders like hyperthyroidism. This can be done by taking a detailed history so as to look out for signs that suggest a specific disease or condition. specific drugs will be administered. which may occur due to various reasons. ventricular premature beats etc. sweating. Other heart ailments like ischemic heart disease. Other drugs are procainamide. which is known as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Treatment:    Cardiomegaly The basic approach of management of arrhythmias is to make an accurate diagnosis of the underlying cardiac condition. high blood pressure etc. phenothiazone etc. Electrolyte disturbances like hypokalemia. The word 'cardiomegaly' literally means 'enlarged heart'. this is a relatively rare condition. hypercalcemia etc. Treatment: . like high blood pressure during pregnancy. Drug toxicity caused by drugs like digitalis. This is a condition where the size of the heart increases. pheochromocytoma. diuretics. which is the heart wall gets thickened. acebutalol and atenolol. the myocardium. There are various types of arrhythmias that may manifest themselves as irregular heartbeats in the form of occasional premature heartbeats. Symptoms: Symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy include fatigue. constant stress etc. antidepressants. valvular heart disease. Some cases may require surgical placement of automated external defibrillators. alterations in magnesium levels. the heart muscles may become hypertrophic due to overload on the heart. hyperaldosteronism etc. These include beta blockers like propranolol. Of all the conditions present in this cardiovascular diseases list.

These are given below:      Fluid around the heart (Pericardial effusion) Atherosclerosis Infective endocarditis Valvular heart disease Congenital heart disease So this was all about heart diseases that are included in cardiovascular diseases list.The treatment of cardiomegaly involves treating the root cause of the condition. it is of paramount importance that we take our heart health seriously. for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Cardiovascular disease statistics show that these diseases are on the rise and hence. and earnestly switch to a more healthy lifestyle. Thus. because after all healthy living is the key to a long and healthy life! . there is no cure. Unfortunately. Miscellaneous Cardiovascular Diseases There are certain other circulatory system diseases and disorders that deserve to make it to the cardiovascular diseases list. there are more and more younger people being afflicted by these diseases. the blood pressure should be brought down immediately by the use of antihypertensive drugs. In case of hypertensives.