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Dwi Wahyu Pranoto Hanifah Nurafifah Irfan Dhia Irsyad Revan Faredha Aswariza Rifky Wijaksana

“Improving Premium Octanes” is made for completing one of Chemistry Assessment – Composer : Group 4 – Class XII Computer and Networking B

PURPOSE The purpose of our project “Improving Premium Octanes” is : As an alternative for people which is using a new technology of vehicle without improved infrastructure and prosperity from the Government of Indonesia. To make premium fuel as effective as pertamax fuel. Improving quality of premium fuel. To make it suitable with high compression ratio machine.

MATERIALS The materials which is needed : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 4 litres (L) of Premium fuel. 10 mililitres (mL) of Methanol 92%. Vessel, to contain premium. Burning instrument. Needle injection. Erlenmeyer tube. Motorcycle.

STEPS The steps of this experiment is : a. b. Prepare all materials that we need. There will be 2 ways to proving this result. Firstly we will check ignition temperature and compare it with mix of gasoline and methanol. Second, we will test the quality of gasoline and methanol mixture to be used in our motorcycle. c. d. e. f. g. h. Ignition temperature gasoline testing. Pour 500 mL premium fuel into an Erlenmeyer tube. Put premium fuel from Erlenmeyer tube into a vessel. Mix another premium fuel (500mL) with methanol 1,25mL. Put the mixture of premium and methanol into another vessel. Burn both of them with a same temperature.



Compare the time used by both of them until these materials are empty and see the difference.

j. k. l.

Mix another premium (2L) with 5 mL of methanol. Wait until it’s fully mixed at all. Pour into fuel tank and set odometer into zero (0) to check the capability of this mixed gasoline.

DISCUSSION Gasoline, when used in high-compression internal combustion engines, has a tendency to auto-ignite (detonate) causing damaging "engine knocking" (also called "pinging" or "pinking") noise. Spark ignition engines are designed to burn gasoline in a controlled process called deflagration. But in some cases, the unburned mixture can auto-ignite, which results in rapid heat release and can damage the engine. This phenomenon is often referred to as engine knocking or end-gas knock. One way to reduce knock in spark ignition engines is to increase the gasoline's resistance to auto-ignition, which is expressed by its octane rating. Octane rating is measured relative to a mixture of 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (an isomer of octane) and n-heptane. There are different conventions for expressing octane ratings, so a fuel may have several different octane ratings based on the measure used. Research octane number (RON) for commercially-available gasoline varies by country. In Finland, Sweden, and Norway, 95 RON is the standard for regular unleaded petrol and 98 RON is also available as a more expensive option. In the UK, ordinary regular unleaded petrol is 91 RON (not commonly available), premium unleaded petrol is always 95 RON, and super unleaded is usually 97-98 RON. However, both Shell and BP produce fuel at 102 RON for cars with highperformance engines, and the supermarket chain Tesco began in 2006 to sell super unleaded petrol rated at 99 RON. Energy is obtained from the combustion of gasoline, the conversion of a hydrocarbon to carbon dioxide and water. The combustion of octane follows this reaction: 2 C8H18 + 25 O2 → 16 CO2 + 18 H2O

CONCLUSION From the discussions that have been implemented, then the conclusion can be drawn from the study Improving PREMIUM OCTANES:


Increase octane premium would be minimized occurrence of a knock in engine; Reduce emissions; Destroying crust; Improve the efficiency of combustion, so it will be produce more energy; Remove hard water deposits.



SOURCES Oktan Re: Bls: [ZEC] Menaikkan oktan premium cara termurah&termudah menambahkan speed&power trend



Group Member Name : Dwi Wahyu Pranoto Date : Signature :

Name : Hanifah Nurafifah

Date :

Signature :

Name : Irfan Dhia Irsyad

Date :

Signature :

Name : Revan Faredha Aswariza

Date :

Signature :

Name : Rifky Wijaksana

Date :

Signature :

Teacher / Instructor Name : Dra. Nefoyati Date : Signature :