The Euro.Pa.S.

EVERYDAY INFORMATION INSIDE THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT SIMULATION 2012 Issue: 2 Date: Sunday 8th April 2012 Circulation: 300 copies The election for the Presidents of the European Parties turned out to be democratic in our Simulation rather in the real Parliament!
For more, see pages 2-3

If you want to take a peak on what the International Press has reported of Euro.Pa.S…
For full story, check pages 4-8

Sometimes united sometimes divided the Committees have begun their extra ordinary debates…
For full story, turn to pages 4-9

All the juicy gossip YOU should (or shouldn't...) know in just 7 frames

Go to page 9

Katerina Giosma

By Théo Fatséas, July Chatzizisi and Thetis Mytilini
ALDE (Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe) currently consists of 86 Members of the European Parliament from 20 countries of the EU; however, there are currently 754 seats in the European Parliament. Miss Antonopoulou introduced herself to the MEPs, expressing the will to promote the “human rights in every aspect of life” within debates of the European Parliament, as well as, for instance, the immigration policies and the question of nuclear energy.

focused on the goals she wished to achieve. She claimed credit for the open minded ideas of ALDE, although ALDE did not represent the majority of the Parliament. She underlined her personal goals, that is to pass the views of ALDE to the Parliament and present ALDE in a favourable way. Before the second round of the voting procedure, the Board urged the members of ALDE to address questions to Mrs. Papadopoulou and Mrs. Stefoudi.

By Catherine Proaki, Karmen Koulas and Theodora Ilia
The time was 9.30 in the morning when the group of the EPP gathered in order to elect their President. Each one of the three candidates had a unique personality, which made this procedure even more appealing. The first candidate was Mr. Fragkioudakis, MEP of SEDE. During his speech he stretched the need of economic and social stability, the reduction of illegal immigration, the European industry development and the competitive energy markets. Furthermore, he focused on the culture’s social dimension and the necessity of cooperation between Third World countries and other vital organizations.

on Eurovision which raised the interest in the conference. He emphasized on the need of cooperation, vision and consistency, repeating: "More scope, more action and more Europe!". His passionate speech was followed by a lot of questions, including the comment of Mr. Papagiannis, MEP of AFET, concerning "Black Europe", which offended most of the present countries. After the EPP elections, every Committee determined its own specific policy: According to AFET, the members of the EPP support a common policy on the issue of refugees and the dialogue between the origin and the host state.

Answering a question, both candidates stated that their goal is to represent ALDE against other parties and help all MEPs represent themselves. Moreover, Mrs. Stefoudi highlighted that, in Mrs. Papadopoulou was the case of an argument among the parties, it is ALDE’s second candidate for the position of the president of duty not to give up on their policy. On the other hand, ALDE. Using the Lisbon Treaty as a stepping stone, Mrs. Papadopoulou she highlighted the position clarified that MEPs should of ALDE on every issue the reach a consensus. committees of European Parliament would work on Following the speeches of the three candidates for the the first day. Finally, she presidency and after concluded her speech by the debate concluded, the urging the members of ALDE to be more active, so first round of the voting as to work collectively for a procedure took place. better Europe. It resulted in Miss Stefoudi's (with 13 votes) When her turn came up, Miss Stefoudi was brief. At and Miss Papadopoulou's (with 9 votes) passing to the first she referred to the general political guidelines next round, where eventually Miss Stefoudi (guidelines including the prevailed. adequate protection of

For ECON, the EPP urges the existence of a separate organization which will support financially each member state and another one that will control the The second candidate, Mr Peppas, MEP of AFET, was implementation of a financial program. the one who was finally elected as president. DROIT strongly condemns He urged the MEPs of EPP any type of discrimination. to save Europe from As for INTA, the EPP is in instability, to focus their attention on nuclear safety, favor of trade without limits and the balance of the to create new job opportunities, to support the relations between Europe and United Arab Emirates. efforts of the countries, to create and maintain secure What is more, CULT borders. The audience embraced with enthusiasm upholds sports borders, fair play in sports, development. It is important to mention his political positions and protection against that in the last round the ideas. terrorism, equal rights for Finally, according to SEDE two women voted for each citizens, cooperation with other. Moreover, the Last but not least, the floor and the EPP policy, the the peoples of the Arab nuclear experiments are was taken by Mr. Terzis, league, reduction of nuclear President of the ALDE acceptable to a certain announced the guidelines of MEP of ECON. He armament, and finally its committee. proceeded with his speech extent. financial stability and with a humoristic comment growth for citizens) and

It would be unfair not to notice that he also faced By Thomas Tsoulias tough questions addressed to him by his A Party without a fellow Party members in leader is like a body an effort to guide him out without head, they say. The Progressive Alliance of policy. of Socials and Democrats seems to be aware of this Last but not least, Mrs. Panagopoulou presented principle and has assembled today to elect her “United we will win” policy, addressing several a MEP as its head in issues and calling for order to lead the Party solutions and a common through the times of policy in immigration, turmoil EU politics we independence of energy are currently production, nonexperiencing. discrimination of sexuality and high quality After quorum had been of help towards the EU established, the three citizens. candidates received the floor in their effort to The voting was fierce convince their fellow and a second round was party members of their needed before the vision and their majority could give a leadership abilities. clear message (with a In true chivalrous spirit, vote of 29 to 19) that will Mrs. Aggelaki was first bind the Social and Democratic Party’s given the podium, after which, Mr. Arzinos and policy for the near future. Mrs. Panagopoulou Although the first round would follow. meant a victory for Mrs. Both candidates made a Aggelaki, from now on Mrs. Panagopoulou, the solid impression on the house, each one with its elected president of the SD, has gained the unique characteristics. privilege to bear the burden of guiding her While Mrs. Aggelaki Party in the procedures of stood on following a policy that would provide the days to follow. Europe with stability, especially in the fiscal GREEN PARTY and macroeconomics sector, Mr. Arzinos really By Afrodite Anastasaki made an impact on the House with his proMr. Giannias and Mr. citizen clean energy Koronakis the final twoproposal and comments elected presidents by the on foreign policy and MEPS , declared their economy. opinions and proposals.

At that moment, they were called not only to state their policy of their parties, but also to give satisfactory answers to the questions of the MEPS and the organizing committee. As far as it concerns the first green party, Mr. Giannias himself, assured that he’ll try to demonstrate the ideas of all the members and the traits that the Greens advocate. One of these traits is the reversion of the climate and this is their betting. Furthermore, on behalf of his party, Mr. Giannias, pointed out some of his pursuits: peace,democracy and sustainability. Reffered to the crucial problem of immigration, said that albeit they support the idea of specific reforms, they will absolutely need time to do so and face the problems. On the other hand, Mr. Koronakis in turn of the second green party, after showing his admiration of all the candidates’s speeches, he passed to the reference of the problems that European Union faces and particularly the immigration.

promised his competitive effectiveness to the committee and the members. A really interesting part of the session, was the questions. Mr. Tsertsides asked about the problem of sustainability and how the green parties can compromise with the crisis on this issue. Mr. Giannias provided a more viable solution through the discussion among all the parties and the existence of more prominent and clear stands of the E.U. In contrary, the party of Mr. Koronakis suggested the total reform of the economical european system as the only way to deal with the crisis. To the challenge of the expensive project of the green deal and its success with these data, the two parties agreed that this is the only way to battle crisis even if the second one prefered the funding by the E.U rather than this of the states. Eventually, in the voting time, Mr. Giannias was elected as the President of the Greens with one vote more than the other party (9-8).

He thanked the committee and stressed out the need of his MEPS to express themselves His party supported the common policy system as freely from now on. a solution to this. Generally, the President

ECON:Hannibal Ante Portas: The Economy in Peril
By Thomas Tsoulias
Everything seems to have started smoothly in the ECON committee, with the Presidents establishing quorum. Even the setting of the agenda was quickly resolved - for those unaware, we note that ECON will be discussing “The European Semester for Economic Policy Coordination & Prudential Requirements for Credit Institutions and Investment Firms” - and the Presidents decided it would be beneficiary to the debate to open with the personal statements of the MEPs.

should be introduced to lending countries in order to allow them to focus their attention on beneficiary actions. Of course, the debate progressed further, thanks to a second intervention by the two Presidents, Mr. Kampapabidis and Mr. Tsertsides explaining the topic regarding how the state-related debt crisis works and why the economic semester is needed.Other issues came up along the way as well. One of them was the integration of guidelines into domestic law, a very crucial subject that affects the entire area of European policy.

than just a vague idea.

However, before the session could be adjourned, a Financial Times article came to change the tide in the committee. A change in policy of the United States of America, a direct order from the President Obama after consultation with the Director of the Federal Reserve Bank Mr. Ben Bernaky, marks the launch of competitive attitude of the USA against other poles of financial power, in our case the European Union.

Whenever a guideline is created, it actually does not play an important role as long as it is not adopted on a national level. Furthermore, the request for no further punishments to indebted With a minor disagreement on the countries has been constantly put speakers’ time limit, the MEPs forward by MEPs, like Mrs. delivered their opening speeches Panagopoulou.As the day and the formal debate was ready progressed, the debate dealt with to begin. However, harmony was numerous aspects of the problem. not meant to last in the Mr. Terzis, member of the EPP committee. The disagreement Party and MEP for Germany, was commenced on the very general deeply concerned about the issue guidelines that would determine of the “evaluation” of countries, the committee’s work for the while the S&D Party on the other following days. After Mr. Terzis, hand mainly contributed by member of the EPP Party and promoting help towards nations in MEP for Germany, talked about peril within the European Union – “discipline” in measures to be an aspect which Mr. Zouras, taken, he first received opposition member of the S&D Party and by Mr. Zouras, member of the MEP for Greece, was concerned S&D Party and MEP for Greece. about.Last but not least, the The discussion led to a schism in contribution of Mrs. the House concerning austerity Pechlivanidou, member of the measures and their ALDE Party and MEP for the implementation and it was United Kingdom, should not go terminated by the announcement unnoticed, mainly due to her of Vice-President Michael proposals, especially within the Tsertsides, stating that the MEPs alliance of the EPP and ALDE were discussing issues that simply Parties. didn’t concern the committee – in At the end of the day, the two plain words they misunderstood the topic. After guidance from the different alliances reached common grounds on many aspects Presidents, the debate was fit to of the issue, such as the continue. appointment of a Commissioner The debate in ECON proved to be for the Economic Semester etc. fruitful and innovative, as many The will to cooperate was made ideas were presented before the clear towards every direction, Quorum. An example of this from the North to the South of clearly constitutes the proposal of Europe and from the EPP to the Mrs. Panagopoulou, President of S&Ds, and most importantly, the S&D Party and MEP for Portugal, hope of reaching a consensus on a who stated that a lending limit single report seems to be more

Now, the European Parliament, stripped off of possible external help, finds itself in the most awkward position to try and resolve the issue at hand while dealing with a new “financial enemy” from the West that seeks to dominate the global market, the Mr. Terzis, from the EPP, representing Germany in this United States of America! committee, made a very interesting proposal that yet needs European Semester to be examined for differentiating the rules applied on international the new economic branches to those applied on strategy for Europe European investment firms and emerges from the crisis credit institutions. Mrs. Panagopoulou, MEP representing By Eleni Sakellaridi for Portugal and President of the SD, has been a calm and confident Bilt voice in the sessions and cooperated efficiently with the It is said, that the EU evolves in most political forces in the structure and effectiveness when Parliament. The session of the 7th dealing with problematic of April closed with the breaking situations and crises. Why? of the unofficial yet very shocking Because these situations bring news about the insidious attack of back on track the importance of the U.S. towards the Euro zone, cooperation within the member because of buying any foreign states. The recent events that the assets in order to keep dollar low. Economic Committee came to encounter with, during the While all the MEPs proposed sessions of the 7th April 2012, ways of dealing with the unfair proved that if the EU overcomes game of the U.S., Mr. Theocharis, the current crisis, it can evolve (Estonia- GREENS) remained and reach a whole new level of calm and underlined that these unity. Specifically, they could news come from an unofficial, result in the establishment of thus not yet reliable source and permanent economic mechanisms, referred to the possibility that the beginning with the European U.S. is bluffing. Mrs. Semester for the coordination of Panagopoulou mentioned the role the economic policy within the the World Trade Organization member states. would play in this crisis. One crisis over the other is not going In the previous day, the MEPs of to be an easy job for the European the ECON Committee began their Parliament. However, it is indeed session concentrated on the past. impressive that now the ECON Soon enough, thanks to the Committee of the European encouraging intervention and the Parliament seems, sounds and acts proposal of Mrs. Pechlivanidou, like a true Union. the representation of the UKALDE, who highlighted the need to focus on the structural

problems of the Euro zone and to examine step by step the stages of the European Semester, the argument became a productive debate focused on the future of the EU. The contribution of the President and the Vice President has been discrete but very crucial. Mr. Kambalampidis ensured in the best possible way the respect towards the procedures of the European Parliament, while Mr. Tsertsidis, showed a distinguished academic qualification on this difficult and technocratic topic, which could not remain unnoticed. All members of the European Parliament agreed on one basic point. The EU could not bear a second financial-debt crisis. After this got clear, it seemed to me that there was the will to reach“Nash equilibrium” as far as the European Semester and prudential requirements for credit institutions and investment firms are concerned.


treatment to all asylum seekers. Having a deep understanding of the situation of illegal migrants, France suggested two possible solutions: to either fund their repatriation or legalize their establishment in french territory, after they have proven their contribution to the well-being of society. In the middle of the day, France ended up reaching a consensus with UK, Italy and Spain, when they unanimously recognized the need for a common asylum policy, which was a pleasant surprise to the commission. the immigration issue that has occurred mainly during the last decade. On the other hand, UK By Catherine Proaki for Le morde and Germany sharply declined those demands. diplomatique

Consensus or no Consensus?

During the first part of the AFET meeting, there was a lot of tension in the atmosphere. The Mediterranean countriesdemanded financial aid and the acceptance of a larger number of immigrants entering the northern boarders of the countries, in order to handle

Regarding the position of the French government on this matter, Mrs. Papadopoulou, the MEP of France stressed the need for equal treatment for every immigrant and mentioned the regulations and procedures of Sweden as an example of fair

Concerning this unexpected event, the French MEP replied: '‘The personal opinion of each MEP should be sidetracked when it comes to the interests of the European population. We can always find a common ground of understanding... the Green way of course!’ By the end of the session, a crisis erupted. Unfortunately, the French government hasn’t made any official announcement yet. and Western Europe and those representing countries of the Mediterranean area. However, the MEPs were not discouraged and promoted dialogue and communication achieving to collect some very first propositions on fundamental topics of the issue debated: security of European borders, legal and illegal immigration, refugees’ rights and legal framework.

proceedings. Following the opening statements of MEPs, it was clear that Based on the long-lasting there were various By Karmen Koulas cooperation of the opinions expressed by Union’s member states, the four different 3, 2, 1 … AFET!!!! the MEPs were requested political Parties, some of After the Parties have to discuss upon the them contradicting each elected their president other. and outlined their basic scope, the role and the effectiveness of EU policies, the committees foreign policy referred to Despite the were ready to start the increased parliamentary discussing their topics. immigration flows composition and due to countries are facing the recent economic The AFET Committee nowadays. crisis which tortures set the agenda on the today’s world, essential issue of immigration in The debate ran smoothly differences were the European Union as a during the whole first observed between MEPs result of the unstable day of AFET’s coming from the Central

AFET: The experience

regimes around the continent.


INTA: The Odyssey
It is pretty obvious that the European People’s Party is, basically, interested in private vices instead of a By Carla Beraha real cooperation with the Arab League. Although EPP’s members think that the Arab Spring is not a The first day of the session seemed vague and problem, but a great opportunity to create new jobs insecure for the large majority of the MEPs, their and to establish a new political and democratic first proposals being quite general, and they program in the Arab World, they want to have the couldn't adequately focus on the main subject, which was linked to trade and investments in Europe. Their control of the discussion by making us to agree with all their statements. last internventions though were quite satisfactory and covered the topic as a whole. During the first unmoderated caucus, the MEPs were separated into two groups, and their results were general and not concrete enough to shape a final solution to the problem. The second unmoderated caucus reflected the common will of the MEPs to come to a unanimous decision by collaborating, in order to create a functional institution that would solve the upcoming problems, such as the investments and trade between the EU and the Arab League. However, the scepticism of some MPEs representing certain financially weak countries (such as Greece), seemed to perplex even more this idea. Why do we finally need sustainable development, the creation of new jobs and a fight against property without taking also into consideration our own opinions? On the other hand, S&D Party respects us and our culture, in particular, and realizes that nobody can make us to agree with their criteria. S&D’s members strongly believe in a new cooperation between the EU and the Arab League so that both economies are improved. Furthermore, they lay emphasis on the re -focusing on trade rules, through which developing countries could be adjusted in the multilateral trade system. In that way, the defense of human rights will be promoted, as well.

The next step was the separation of the MEPs in four subcommittees with It is well mentioned that specific topics, such as the we do not have the free trade agreements, the necessary support from the general rights, the foreign direct investments and, last but not least, the bilateral Greens, while the ALDE Party does not have a determined position on these matters. agreements. Thus they came up with a final draft that was widely accepted. The day ended with the outburst of a unprecedented crisis that will be discussed extensively the following days. Despite the disagreements between them, all Parties result in the replacement of the pre-Lisbon Treaty with a new one, which will be common for all the EU members. Another important issue, also mentioned by the MEPs, is the European private sector approach to more investments in the Arab League, for example in the domain of infrastructure and telecommunications. We hope to have more supporters the next time!

Who are our real supporters in Europe?
By Thetis Mytilini for Al Jameera At the end of a day full of sessions, we can clearly recognize which European Political Parties are supporting us.


EEEEEPITROPH EPPs’ position was to On the issue of health care,
promote permission to LGBTs to visit their partners in hospitals. Representatives of SDs focused on the proper training of medical students and MEPs from ALDE highlighted the fact that LGBT people are treated as if they had a disease. SDs, after acknowledging the fact that transsexualism is considered a mental and behavioural disorder, suggested that transgender people be removed from the list of mental illnesses patients. At the end of the second session MEPs discussed about the media’s position on the matter of LGBT. Rigorous broadcast councils which prohibit humiliation of LGBT people and strict penalties for those who do not respect LGBT rights were proposed.

DROI: Fight against sexual discrimination
By July Chatzizisi The first day of the sessions in the DROI committee started with the members of the Board, Mrs. Merti and Mr. Batistakis, expressing their hopes for a fruitful discussion among the 24 MEPs on the topic “Blank spots on Europe’s LGBT rights map - A globalised fight against discrimination. What can be done to end discrimination of LGBT people within and outside the EU?”, especially concerning issues such as education, healthcare and media.

CULT: Sport within the European Union, a current debate
By Théo Fatséas With the Olympic Games of London approaching, the CULT Committee has rightfully been appointed the unavoidable question of the role of sport in the European Union policy. During the committee debates, the MEPs of EPP, S&D, ALDE and the Greens have had to defend and share their ideas. Sport is a consensual subject; indeed, every MEPs agree on the importance of sport for society.

The first session started with MEPs making Obviously, sport has to be promoted among the young personal statements and highlighting some points of in order to prevent violence in sports events and to their position. They all agreed on the prohibition of avoid cases of dopping or even discriminations and discrimination against LGBT people, although racism. Many courses of action have already been there are some gaps in their European common applied in vain, so the main point of argument is the policy against the discrimination based on sexual necessity of the existence of a European sports orientation. The discussion proceeded with the organization. By the end of the debates, the solution of representatives of SDs stressing the fact that public the sport-related problems could be summed up in 3 opinion in some countries is in favour of adoption and marriages of LGBT people. MEPs from EPPs words: prevention, information, sanction. focused on the fact that LGBT people are treated like a special group of people and suggested that special measures be taken in order for this mentality to change. During the second session, the MEPs of the DROI committee focused on education, health care and media. Representatives of EPPs proposed to press the European Parliament to vote for a horizontal directive which would include many aspects, such as education. MEPs of GREENs proposed antibullying campaigns and courses on sexual orientation addressed both to teachers and to students. SDs’ party stressed the importance of specialized psychologists in schools.

the European Union framework. The Parties participating in this committee are the By Kalliopi Plexida for International Herent Tribute EPP, the S&D, the Greens and the ALDE. Each party supported its policy on the topic under discussion; the Greens promoted more Given the global financial crisis and all the environmentally friendly energy policies which problems that the European Union is facing could de-escalate the massively expanding energy nowadays, the environmental issues should production from renewable sources. definitely be a topic under discussion if we want to save something more important than money; As it is already known, the EU is currently facing something so important that without it, we will not many difficulties while countries are trying to find be able to breathe. solutions for the rising problems. The ITRE committee is the most appropriate to deal with the To become familiar with the Committee on Industry environmental issues as it is orientates in the Research and Energy (ITRE), we should mention diversification of energy resources and supplies. It, that it is a European Parliament Committee dealing also, gives emphasis on the strengthening of the with the European research on energy. In this European energy capabilities by promoting the committee, the European Parliament members deal efficiency of energy. Is Europe ready for an with the security and efficiency of energy supply in industrial change?

Ready for a change?

ITRE: Who can doubt that consequences. Moreover, nuclear this Committee is not I(n) power can be used as a capital in order to fund other renewable TRE– sting?
energy sources. By Sofia Spanidou The Presidents of the Parties were elected and the so far empty conference room No 105 became full with the MEPs of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy. The first committee session started with a warm welcome by the Board. The MEPs were encouraged to introduce themselves to the House and thereafter to sharply express their ideas and proposals regarding the topic area under consideration. The debate level was encouraging from the very first minute as the burning issue of nuclear power, the means to energy production, came directly to the front by the MEPs. Their main concern was whether nuclear power can be used only for energy production, and if so, the way to achieve this, without bringing on any devastating After all nuclear power matters were covered, the discussion turned to the renewable energy sources, which are unanimously

Questions were raised concerning the effectiveness of such an organization as well as the ways to make sure that it will be helpful. Shortly afterwards, the President addressed a question to the House concerning the gas pipelines and many of the leading MEPs rushed in order to express their views and argumentation. The lunch break seemed to be really productive; the MEPs came back full of energy and in a good mood for drafting their working papers, which, despite their initial desire to be four, were finally one.

While they were fruitfully discussing on the working paper, a crisis occurred and considered as a long-term goal for MEPs had to prepare themselves energy supplies and management, for tomorrow’s session in order to despite the fact that there are no handle the situation. money for funding due to the global financial crisis. After the It seems that these MEPs had even coffee break, the Greens made a more to discuss and debate on, proposal and the committee which makes us wonder how discussed about ways to manage much more interesting and energy through an EU challenging the second day of organization, consisting of all 27 negotiations may be… members of the European Union.


SEDE: And the story begins!
By Theodora Ilia

waste issue; one of which was the creation of underground storages.

The next issue was the possibility of nuclear-free areas in Europe. From the very beginning of the During that discussion, ALDE and SD parties agreed that their first session, it was obvious that countries could not support the the debate would be interesting, idea of nuclear-free zone in because most of the Parties expressed various opinions on the Europe, either due to economical reasons or due to medical and first issue, which was the proper management of nuclear waste. First of all, the GREENS announced to their fellow Parties that the best solution was to totally give up the idea of nuclear energy and to focus on finding renewable sources of energy. However, the EPP declared that countries with nuclear power should use it wisely rather than destroy it, for example by providing this energy for scientific research.

introduction of a crucial issue called “the restoration of nuclear weapons”. Throughout the open debate the majority of Parties reached to an agreement. Those Parties were SD, EPP and ALDE as their common goal was to assure that weapons will be organised in specialized places and will be monitored by experts. However, when the issue of possible weapon disarmament was raised, none of those parties were willing to fully agree with this proposition, except from the GREENS.

In the end of the day, all Parties collaborated in order to find common solutions and proposals which will be included in the final report of the committee. scientific reasons. On the other Although the conference seemed hand, the EPP supported the idea to come to an end with a common of an optional nuclear-free zone ground of consensus between the for every country that would like Parties, suddenly, a crisis After the end of the open debate, to participate in. Last but not least, concerning the absence of a the Parties proceeded to the GREENS sticked to their unmoderated caucus, the outcome original main point, which was the nuclear material somewhere in Egypt was raised. This crisis of which showed the common research for other renewable alarmed all MEPs for the debates spots between the SD and Green sources rather than the use of of the upcoming sessions. Parties. Those Parties provided nuclear energy. similar solutions for the nuclear The second session began with the THE EURO QUIZZ
1) a. b. c. How many stars does the EU flag have? 27 12 17 5) Which is the last country to become a member state? a. Iceland b. Croatia c. Hungary 6) Which is the next country in line for the presidency of the Council of the European Union, after Denmark? a. Cyprus b. Malta c. Poland 7) How does the European Parliament decide on budget matters? a. by qualified majority b. by simple majority c. by absolute majority

2) The EU anthem is part of whose composer’s symphony? a. Robert Schuman b. Ludwig Van Beethoven c. Richard Vagner 3) Which European legal act is binding only to the parties it concerns? a. decision b. directive c. regulation 4) Where is the European Parliament administration located in? a. Brussels b. Strasbourg c. Luxemburg 9

Answers: 1) a, 2) b, 3) a, 4) c, 5) b, 6) a, 7) c