18 DAY COMPOST The purpose of compost is to recycle organic matter into something more usable.

To give nutrients to the soil. Kills pathogens and weed seeds. Inoculate the soil with life. How fast do the nutrients wash through the soil Chemical fertilizer all traces gone within 1 year Manure some still there after 5 years Compost was still retaining some after 17 years Compost ingredients - “if it has lived, it can live again!” 40%Green matter – higher nitrogen (freshly cut plants/leaves) 40% Brown matter – higher carbon content (dry leaves, sawdust, straw, paper, cardboard, husks) 20% Manure – very high in nitrogen Kicker (either a dead animal, fish or meat scraps, legumes or a bucket of urine) – added to middle of pile to attract and kick start the micro organisms. Water Air Food scraps – count as green matter. Leguminous green matter – count as both kicker and green matter i.e. high in nitrogen Dead animals - count as kicker (less than 20% as it will get too hot, too fast and go anaerobic – not enough oxygen) If you do not add manure or other high nitrogen stuff, the process will just take a lot longer. Stomping it down is good (not too much) Ideally it needs to be covered to protect it from the sun drying it out and the rain washing the nutrients away. Carbon to Nitrogen ratio 30:1 is ideal for composting for proper digestion and breaking down. Nitrogen is easy to lose in the air or through the air. Carbon is called carbon when the carbon to nitrogen ratio has swung towards carbon. 1:1 Urine (old is fine) - doesn't have much carbon, so is high in nitrogen 7:1 Fish meal

there is too much nitrogen. If it is too wet. you put pipes through the compost (which will go anorobic). To make hot water. Added once in spring and once in autumn is great. By day 6 you shouldn't be able to keep your hand in the centre of the pile. If you want more bacteria rich soil (annuals). increase amount of green matter. 1 ton of compost per acre is sufficient to get life back in soil. Cover it with mulch to protect it from the sun. not heating up). in the cool. Apply it in the morning. . (after the first few turns) it is probably too wet or too hot. which is ideal for turning. add more manure. the compost can be used for up to 6 months if it kept out of the sun. Above 70° you are killing beneficials.12:1 Chicken manure. which is considered high nitrogen. Then water it in. 16:1 Legume greens 16:1 Cow manure 18:1 Horse manure 50:1 Straw 250:1 Paper 500:1 Saw dust Temperature After 4 days it generally reaches around 55°-65°. If you have a shitty smell. If it is very hot and has white fungus coming out of it. If you want more nitrogen level up (i. so add more brown material to simmer it down. By around day 12 it ought to get back to around 50°-55° but will then start petering off. increase amount of brown matter. You can also catch the methane gas from the anorobic pile for cooking (but you won't get heat). You cannot add too much compost. Once turned it will go back to 35°-45°. add water. evening or on a cloudy day. Once ready. so add brown matter or turn it more – to increase oxygen. If it is too dry. 2 days later it will have gone back to 60°-65°.e it is too cold. If you want more fungal rich soil (for orchards/perennials). Squeeze the compost and a few drips should come out and it ought to be a little sticky. legume. spread it out or add more brown matter.

Start with finished good quality compost. add molasses. You then have 4 hours to use it before it goes anorobic. make a pile with 50% Green. rather than making a nasty pile of them. add seaweed or rock dust (high minerals). WHY USE IT AT ALL? When you do this. provided it is healthy and not cut back to often. soil). Put 1 litre of compost in 19 litres of water (ideally from pond/rain) in a 20 litre bucket. To make a fungal rich mixture during bubbling. COMPOST TEA Actively aerated tea. . 50% Brown and add kitchen scraps. Roots are deepest form of organic matter. you are mimicking a heavy rain and the nematodes and protozoa will multiply like crazy. Water this down to 20:1 with more water (rain/pond). Micro organisms will be inoculated everywhere. fruit juice. so depth of root is how deep topsoil goes as subsoil does not have micro organisms as there is nothing to eat. Cutting plants back does not necessarily affect the root. Do not spray it in the full sun or even that time of year (ideally). honey.For food scraps. trunk. Spray it everywhere (leaves. Get a bubbler machine and blow in it for 12 -36 hours to oxygenate it. To make a bacterial rich mixture during bubbling. On a day with imminent rain is even better. mashed up fruit.