Linearity & Conjugate Properties

If then

Lecture 11 Properties of Fourier Transform
(Lathi 7.3-7.4)

Linearity

If then

Conjugate
is real

Peter Cheung Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering Imperial College London URL: www.ee.imperial.ac.uk/pcheung/teaching/ee2_signals E-mail: p.cheung@imperial.ac.uk
PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 1

If then

Conjugate Symmetry
L7.3 p700

PYKC 20-Feb-11

E2.5 Signals & Linear Systems

Lecture 11 Slide 2

Time-Frequency Duality of Fourier Transform

Duality Property

Near symmetry between direct and inverse Fourier transforms (Year 1 Comms Lecture 5):

If then

Forward FT Time Domain Frequency Domain

Proof: From definition of inverse FT (previous slide), we get

Hence

Inverse FT

Change t to ω yield, and use definition of forward FT, we get:

L7.3 p699
PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 3 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.5 Signals & Linear Systems

L7.3 p700
Lecture 11 Slide 4

3 p708 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2. compression of a signal in time results in spectral expansion. time shifted: Find the Fourier transform of the gate pulse x(t) given by:       This pulse is rect(t/τ) dleayed by 3τ/4 sec.5 Signals & Linear Systems L7.3 p703 Lecture 11 Slide 6 Time-Shifting Property   Time-Shifting Example   If then Consider a sinusoidal wave. L7.5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 5 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2. and vice versa.   L7.3 p701 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.Duality Property Example   Scaling Property   Consider the FT of a rectangular function: If then for any real constant a. Use time-shifting theorem. That is.5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 7 . we get   Obvious that phase shift increases with frequency (To is constant).3 p705 L7.5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 8 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.

3 p710 Lecture 11 Slide 10 Convolution Properties   Proof of the Time Convolution Properties   If then By definition   Let H(ω) be the Fourier transform of the unit impulse response h(t).5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 9 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.   The inner integral is Fourier transform of x2(t-τ). frequency shifting (or amplitude modulation) is achieved by multiplying x(t) by a sinusoid: Find and sketch the Fourier transform of the signal x(t ) cos10t where x(t ) = rect (t / 4). therefore we can use time-shift property and express this as X2(ω) e-jωτ.     L7.5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 11 .3 p712 L7.Frequency-Shifting Property   Frequency-Shifting Example   If then Multiply a signal by ejω0t shifts the spectrum of the signal by ω0.5 Signals & Linear Systems L7. i.   Applying the time-convolution property to y(t)=x(t) * h(t).e.3 p709 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.3 p712 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2. In practice. we get:   That is: the Fourier Transform of the system impulse response is the system Frequency Response L7.5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 12 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.

convolution property. Time-differentiation property of Laplace transform: L7.5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 13 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.3 p714 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2. If then x 1/2 * 1/2 and   Compare with Lec 6/17.Frequency Convolution Example   Time Differentiation Property using   Find the spectrum of x(t ) cos10t where x(t ) = rect (t / 4).5 Signals & Linear Systems L7.3 p715 Lecture 11 Slide 16 .5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 14 Summary of Fourier Transform Operations (1) Summary of Fourier Transform Operations (2) L7.5 Signals & Linear Systems Lecture 11 Slide 15 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.3 p715 PYKC 20-Feb-11 E2.