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PROTECTION OF POWER TRANSFORMER USING MICROCONTROLLER-BASED RELAY

AIM: The main aim of this project is to the design and implementation of the micro controller-based system for protecting the power transformer. PURPOSE: The purpose of the project is to provide a secured environment for the transformers from overloads which are distributing power to certain regions.

BLOCK DIAGRAM:
Power supply LCD DISPLAY

A Micro controller D C

Voltage sensing circuit Current sensing circuit

RELAY TRANSFORM ER LOAD

Head office: 2nd floor, Solitaire plaza, beside Image Hospital, Ameerpet, Hyderabad
www.kresttechnology.com, E-Mail: krestinfo@gmail.com , Ph: 9885112363 / 040 44433434

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DESCRIPTION:
Generally, a transformer is meant for distributing power up to certain region. That should be constantly distributing power up to certain extent of applying load on it. But whenever, the load will exceeds the limit automatically, the transformer will be brake down or it fails in transferring of power to the load. To avoid problem, we have develop a project called “PROTECTION OF POWER TRANSFORMER USING MICROCONTROLLER-BASED RELAY.” In this project we designed a system in such a way that it will monitor the conditions of the transformer continuously and these parameters are displayed on the LCD display unit. In the display unit we can view the continuous information of transformer i.e. due to what reason the transformer has been failed, when the power is resumed etc.,. With the help of this kind of system, the maintenance staff of the department can have a continuous vigilance over the transformer. In this project work, for the demonstration purpose a small step-down transformer of 12V, is considered and these two parameters are carried over this small transformer. These transformers are connected with the relay which is controlled by the embedded controller. The parameters voltage and current of the loads are measured and these values are given to ADC. The ADC is an analog to digital converter which converts the values of analog current and voltage value to the digital value. The values are compared with the preset values in the controller, if excess in any parameter occurs, the relay will trip the transformer upon exceeding the limit of load. The voltage and current values are displayed on the LCD. HARDWARE USED:
 8051  POWER SUPPLY  TRANSFORMER  RELAY  LCD DISPLAY  ADC

Head office: 2nd floor, Solitaire plaza, beside Image Hospital, Ameerpet, Hyderabad
www.kresttechnology.com, E-Mail: krestinfo@gmail.com , Ph: 9885112363 / 040 44433434

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 Current Sensor  Voltage Sensor

SOFTWARE USED:
 Kiel micro vision

 Express PCB  Uc flash or ISP

RESULT: The design of microcontroller based relay for power transformer has been described. The major emphasis of this project has been on the detailed description of hardware and software development of the relay.

Head office: 2nd floor, Solitaire plaza, beside Image Hospital, Ameerpet, Hyderabad
www.kresttechnology.com, E-Mail: krestinfo@gmail.com , Ph: 9885112363 / 040 44433434

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