Hi

CORNELL
UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

Cornell University Library

PZ 8.1.M113L28 1884
Knightly legends of Wales

3 1924 028 147 589

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Kai and His Companions

at the Castle

of the Giant Gwrnach.

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Knightly Legends of IVales The Boy's Mabinogion BEING THE EARLIEST WELSH TALES OF KING ARTHUR IN THE FAMOUS RED BOOK OF HERGEST EDITED FOR BOYS WITH AN INTRODUCTION SIDNEY LANIER EDITOR OF "the BOV'S FBOISSART" AND "THE BOV's KING ARTHUR" Illustrated by Alfred Fredericks NEW YORK CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS 18S4 .

t88i. Muis. Boston. By CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS. Avery. 1884. '3"iooS""6B Stereotyped and Printed by Rand..CorvRiGHT. V3 . tSr' Co.

Sidney Lanier. They have therefore prefixed to it in this new edition a na^ne ivhich will more clearly indicate these to the audience readers — for — not of scholars. and will tales better define its place in the group of of chiv- alry which those readers everyivhere owe to the editor- ship of Mr. but is of young which the book meant .PUBLISHERS' NOTE. . The Publishers have had repeated that the title catcse to believe its given to this — to " The BOY'S MABINOGION" — failed properly its book upon publication represent the character or the attractiveness of contettts.

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^ Hergest \as the ^ hard. making Ihyie-vre. O Hergest. as tt^fe. It has collected are of a much earlier contains a number of poems. the j's which is long and somewhat drawled . and the g hard. for the second. as in short . reproduce the sound of yie in the English word yield with a strongly it. accompanied of their by the text Welsh originals and a mass of useful and scholthis gracious dedication Latin liber\ : arly notes. lisped or aspirated /before and mingled with it. Pronounced Koch. accent in on the first syllable. Oxford. Red. give the sound of vre ' in the French word livre. together with a body of prose romances called MabinogionA In the year 1838 Lady Charlotte Guest published a translation of these Mabinogion. TN -*- the library of Jesus College. as in English begin. " Mabino- gion" is the plural form the singular is " Mabinogi. about Mab-bin-o' -gi-on. o. called Llyfr'^ Cock'' is an ancient Welsh MS. as : in give .INTRODUCTION. thus first syllable consider it composed of two syllables. ' Her work bore — profor the "Llyfr" means book (compare French liiire. in The Red Book of Hergest. was written the fourteenth century." iii . Perhaps I can par- tially indicate the impression which the word makes upon an English ear : when nounced in Welsh. Uy aa&fr. though some of the comit positions which date. the Scotch hch or the German and the o long. This MS. the a. * Pronounced with accent on Titan . with the ch very guttural as ach.^ that is.

. imbued with the chivalric and exalted sense sons have ever and the fervent patriotism for which its been celebrated. and of a more manful Moreover. they their fascination is are more vigorous. after whom the elder of you was named. them a position in this Though not quality. and. TO IVOR AND MERTHYR. The intrinsic charm of the stories themselves in the first place would easily have secured series. C. E. and do not move one could think such a thing. early May you become of honor. temperature which often renders the atmosphere of the Eastern tales extremely unwholesome. beautiful language you are being and amongst whose free mountains you were bom. and the firm attachment to your native country which distinguished that Ivor Bach. 1838. May you learn to emulate the noble qualities of Ivor Hael. fitly — Infants whose as you yet are. so rich as the Arabian Nights. GUEST. Several considerations re-edit. 29. if air tales. Children. I am your affectionate mother. the curious old products Welsh fancy thus rendered available to scholars. they are in comparison openin that close. I feel that I can- not dedicate more than to you these venerable relics of ancient and I do so in the hope of inciting you to cultivate the Litera- ture of " Gwyllt Walia. My dear lore. gas-poisoned.iv Introduction. Aug." in initiated. made me strongly desire to upon the same plan with The Boy's Froissart and of The Boy's King Arthur. DOWLAIS.

published in this Indeed. it is probable that in these Mabinogion the original germs of that great here following we have growth of Arthurian romances which overspread Europe after Geoffrey of Monmouth I published his History of the Britons. Map (or Although several of the following Mabinogion have probably received additions from foreign sources in the course of time — an original Welsh story. for example. which were conceived at a very much earlier and ruder period than that of Sir Thomas Malory's book so that this collection of the earliest Arthurian legends seemed to malce a peculiarly happy fompanion-book last to The Boy's King Arthur. . and to show how much . would there be retold with additions and variations. as well as of the wild adventures of his warriors. and present us with views of the domestic life going on in King Arthur's palace. would find its way back in the new form to Wales. Introduction. and of which gave some account in the Introduction to The Boy 's King Arthur. would be carried by some traveller into other parts of Europe. about the court of King Arthur. Readers of that given. in one way or another. and thus re-appear after a while in Welsh collections others are in a nearly pure state. which was series. Introduction will in remember the statement there of which Geoffrey Monmouth of a himself declares that his main material consisted Welsh book given him by a certain person since supposed to be Walter Mapes).. yet In order to bring these two classes into striking contrast. But in the second place the Mabinogion all centre.

in wildness beyond all tolerance of . think it curious indeed to note how curious those old romances. a foreign admixture of this kind might smooth down have the grotesque ruggedness of its Welsh original. and have placed the story of Kilhwch and Olwen. thought which forms a and to me the most weighty. next to the story of The Lady of whose daintiness. They impress most readers with a greater sense of foreignness. and the seem here and there to indicate foreign touches. are distinctly I Welsh. like. reason for bringing these Mabinogion before particular time. of the whole. of a wholly different cultus. The general tone and essential however. I changed the order of the Mabiriogion as given in Lady huge Guest's arrangement. immediately the Fountain. It is another feature of this same difference be'tween of Welsh and English modes third. than even Chinese or other antipodal tales . which fancies is almost hideous in is many of its and distortions and pure Welsh. and over and above this there is a glamour and sleep-walking mystery in the midst of which often incline a man to rub his eyes a Mabinogi.vi Introduction. black savages. upon the single thread of their likeness extravagance. luxury. and to think of previous states of existence. or Mabinogion. seem to us in spite of the long intimacy and nearness between Welsh and English. and old Welsh. spirit. vividly I my young countrymen at this can illustrate this difference most to consider the following by asking you group of Welsh in conceits and notions which I have assembled from various sources.

"what a beautiful and large field I own " "Where is it " said Peibiaw.' in thy field " ! Where are they " said Nynniaw. Old Britain were walk- Their names were Nynniaw and "See. beautiful. Readers of King Arthur manful defiance. for instance. he must have been too young to have one) to complete a mantle which fling King Ryence was pur- {bordering) with kings' beards. indeed. moderate.' "And " do thou see. in lawlessness. —a to demand which and lewdest a king. feeding . a messenger came from King Ryence demanding King Arthur's beard (though." said Peibiaw." Arthur pronounced "the most villainous message that ever man heard sent the same narrative The following version shows what prodigiously different forms may assume. vii Of course they are not to be ." said Nynniaw. ! . "The whole firmament. and wise examples of Welsh But they unquestionably show a tendency so characteristic as to' be easily traceable. remember the young sovereign's when. Peibiaw." said Nynniaw. the following story concerning the famous mantle will of King Ryence. "what countless herds of cattle and sheep / have. Take. of Once upon a time two kings ing together at night. . taken as ordinary representative specimens presently counterbalance and I shall them with some very art.Introduction. soon after his elevation to the throne. reason.

"these are the herds that fed in I my field. and cut off the beards of those kings. But at this time there were twenty-eight kings in the Island of Britain. and presently waged a great battle with him. shall noti' cried * Nynniaw. having defeated their forces. the beards of kings Nynniaw and Peibiaw. Rhitta was again victor. and others heard of these things. "They " They "They the stars which thou seest. "with the moon for their shepherdess. all "Why.viii Introduction. shall. all these. Seeing that such was the of fact." he said again " and." shall not graze in my pasture. King Ryens being North Wales). . and although he was a giant twice as large as the largest man ever known. as to all madmen dangerous their neighbors off . is mine. but for have driven them out. they against when the together marched all King Rhitta "This field to avenge the insult of the beard. The all great their mine. And then words arose between these two kings so they bitter that summoned their soldiers and fell to war." replied Peibiaw." said he." said Peibiaw. the surrounding countries made common " cause against Rhitta." all Then he made a mantle himself out of those beards. In the battle which followed. Rhitta King of Wales (who is Sir Thomas Malory's and." cutting off beards. he cut . the kings of all These matters being told abroad." said Nynniaw. that mantle reached from his head to his heels. Rhitta conquered . however. levied war against both. wherein they continued until the armies of both were nearly destroyed. the giant. field is Still.

the pillow under each elbow. "The style of playing and the modulation " led . finally inquiring what he would have.. dressed with fresh green rushes. who was sent by a certain David.. ix Or take the exactions of a certain messenger called "The Little Peacock" {Y Paun Back).. I and that not better than lightsome hall. sharper than . towards the close of the evening the Little Peacock heard sounds of the tuning of a harp from a house in a wooded valley where he had and arrived. . and shows the general Keltic pro- a ". in which there has been neither flood nor rain- drop for the hundred years.Introduction. the servants' and the quantity of his ale. the livery." quoth Y Paun Bach. a mote in the sunshine of June " together with similar superb requirements as to the cushion beneath him. want lodging. laid so evenly that one rush be not higher than the other the height of a gnat's eye. is though not Welsh. . they saw a couple approaching them. who replies in the like lofty vein. Or this itemized account of a monster... After a long journey. the supper. so that my foot of should not slip either backward or forward the space .. clivity. floored know how tile. " for to-night to ask for. to fetch Gwgan {Googan.. woman and a man larger than the summit of . fire. nearly) the bard to court. a . him to suspect that this was Gwgan's house in order to be sure he ad- vances and pours forth a high-flown speech to Gwgan. — mountain was each . last A with and swept. "I .. which. Prince of North Wales. Gaslic. of their members . .

of their heads . whose eyebrows hung over his eyes to such a degree that they had to be propped up as well as the with forks . or him whose red beard lay completely along the twenty-eight rafters of lips werje so large that the king's hall. bristly hair which grew out . flights in If compare these with the -wildest Malory's we King Arthur." Or the King Yspaddaden Penkawr. but would stick on the points of the strong. a shaving-knife the edge of their shins . a sense of the supreme value of law. amazing qualifications of King Arthur's warriors. . down for an apron and to up the other for a and others still more marvellously absurd. in the following story of Kilhwch and Olwen. upper beard descended so as to cover the knees the woman had whiskers. but the man was without whiskers. round the back and a lock of the . detailed in the same story. nothing can be clearer than the constant presence in the latter of a certain reasonable restraint. . of — such as him whose dagger was or so broad that it King Arthur's army was accustomed rivers . a sober proportion. their heels and hams [were] in front of them . . or of him whose hood he was accustomed to draw lift the lower . whiter than snow their eyes carried a lock of the lower beard was of the head.Introduction. even in . should a sackful of apples fall be thrown on their heads not one of them would to the ground. to use for a bridge in passing him who could hear the touch at of a gnat's foot on the ground see a mote in a a great distance. or of him who could sunbeam at either of the four corners of the earth.

Daily and endlessly our Legislatures multiply laws and murder Law. as hinted.Introduction. of the whole of English development in general. that at one extreme. in contact with certain tendencies. part of the private and of large statesmanship on the part of the public official. I have thought this considera- tion particularly forcible at the present moment in our own country. it flowers into that sense of proportion. which is the artist's largest fit perception of beauty. of those But — may first I not add. but has been also the moving spirit. this under- lying perception of the artistic necessity of law and order. — the love Law beyond all . It xl would be going far beyond proper bounds to discuss here how this subtle feeling for the beauty of restraint. not only over the advance of English literature. and is the main out- of all genius in constructing Mabinogion. in literature. art . But while this danger of extravagance certainly exists . in while at the other extreme. of the due relaall tion of parts of the universe to the whole. has quietly reigned. working with tendencies of character. where the making of statutes increases in exact proportion to the decrease in the popular esteem for them. the same love of certain other Law is at once the root of decorous behavior on the citizen. laws would seem be particularly vital in a republic being a principle so comprehensive. the per- petual King Alfred. if only as one utterances which a boy sometimes profitably at remembers. the most apparently lawless excursions. And. though of dimly understood to.

a heart that can feel nature. II. they possess fine influence many quali which have wrought with life upon general what English and literature.xii Introduction. constant practice. time." It would be difficult to find more wisdom . three primary requisites of genius: An eye that can see nature. or loftier thought in simpler terms and any young reader of The Mabinogion will have done a good day's work if he will commit these words so thoroughly that . : Bold design. four following examples of this form of composition The show an insight and breadth which render them instructive to the wisest readers of our own I. suffering much. which wise aphorisms and sayings are effectively grouped together by threes. and frequent IV. The three foundations of judgment niistakcs. The three foundations of learning: Seeing much. in the products of ties Welsh fancy. anti studying much. in fewer words. The nature. and boldness that dares follow III. and happiness of mind. Among in the oldest remains of to us are Welsh poetic wisdom that have come down were called The Triads. judg- ment from experience. "The three qualifications of poetry: Endowment of genius.

day by day. The poet of next rank to him is perhaps Llywarch Hen. song. plain Let the wave break noisily . indeed. and he is know out all that can be known. belongs to the sixth century. Some specimens facts as to of his poetry will there be found his life are and a few added in a footnote. as well as Taliesin. . Here is the tomb of Gwenn. tion. the son the old Llywarch." He gion which bears his name for a title. Among the Welsh. His youngest son. . as a noble and fruitful formula. a specimen of his more pathetic slain in battle. . " Let the noisily .'' . . : let it cover the shore when : the joined lances are in battle. Gwenn has been slain of at the ford of Morlas. wisest man and best teacher in society held bound to stands and therefore the utmost pains are taken with the young bard's education. whose name signifies " Shining the hero of one of the following Mabino- Brow. . as far back as history can pierce. find an almost adoring reverence for the poet. old. is we To assume of the the function of a bard to assume the function . alike stimulating in every line of life.Introduction. had been wave break . before they covered him with that broke the heart of the old Llywarch. . who. . let it cover the when the lances join with a shock. which This I is is among ancient Welsh will ask you to remember in this connecTaliesin. One supreme name bards. Gwenn. xiii they will say themselves over to him. of Sweetly a bird sang on a pear-tree above the head turf : Gwenn. from the ploughman's to the president's. and The word " ' Hen " means "Old Llywarch" seems a This is sort of expression of endearment.

wish there were time to speak of Aneurin. preserved in the fragment. The Bard The brave of the college of Llanveithan? is never cnteW . singer or to give the curious triad published lolo Manuscripts. ! A cry from the sea ascends above the ramparts even to heaven does the supplication come! — after the excess there ensues restraint! A cry from A A the sea awakens me this night ! — I ! cry from the sea arises above the winds cry from the sea impels me from my place of rest this night After excess comes the far extending death — or as the saying of Heinin Vardd. — after the fierce excess comes the long cessation . who the fountain of the desolating sea. Accursed be the watcher. — — the and behold the dwelling of heroes. describing " of the Baptismal among the The Nine Impulsive Stocks . of the — such as the wild Hebrew outcry King Gwyddno Garanhir. after his drunken revelry loosed A does cry from the sea arises above the ramparts. who after his carousal let loose the destroying fountain of the raging deep. — " Hast thou heard the saying of Heinin. which cities swept over the waste floods covering his plains and after the total destruction of his kingdom by the sea left through the drunkenness of Seithenin. " Stand forth. who had been to watch the embankment on a night of revelry. the battle. ! plain of Gwyddno the ocean covers Accursed be the sea guard. Bards of Britain" or to cite some brief beauties of still less-known poets.! " xiv I Introduction. even to heaven its ascend. Seithenin.

: Introdiution. rooms with the panels painted in gorgeous colors. for example. cell. probably). mantles of cushion of red satin under his elbow. In this connection I xv will ask you to notice also the intense feeling for color. and the Or we have a quaint extravagant scene like 'that in the Mabinogi of Peredur (the modern Percival of the Arthur series) where. the following circumstances after spending the night in a hermit's cell. variegated leather. gold-headed arrows winged with peacocks' shoes of feathers. which. with a end of the hall. tint first The Lady of the Fountain (the Mabinogi of the following us collection). spreads an almost Oriental luxuriance of over the scenes. "in the morning he arose. all twenty-four youths with golden hair. upon a certain occasion. shows King Arthur reclining upon green rushes. (for even overthrown . the narwhal's tooth. flame-colored gilded bows. until. and a raven alighted upon the bird. when he went forth. after a final catastrophe that which see the story). behold a shower of snow had fallen the night killed a wild fowl in front of the before. and a hawk had and the noise of the horse scared the hawk away. gold-banded garments. Peredur explains he is studying certain effects of color produced by . in some of the following Mabinogion. Guenever and her ladies grouped at the other satin. All attempts to get his attention failed . the coal-black savage. he was cuffed. sunken in deep meditation. And Peredur stood . white whalebone (ivory of like. and. Peredur was observed with his eyes fixed upon a certain spot. boxed.

who was cursed by Arianrod with the curse that he should never have a wife of the present race. which was blacker than jet. beside possibly other qualities. Arnold calls "the natural magic" of the Kelt." The glowing sition picture of the young knight starting for Arthur's court in Kilhwch of the and Olwen . and the redness of the blood. or with all Arnold. and to the two red spots upon her cheeks. which was whiter than snow. the dainty compobe a bride for maiden Blodeuwedd. of the raven. has certainly warmed itself with the and color of Keltic fancy. and compared the blackness and the white- ness of the snow. Matthew its believing that but for the Keltic influence not have produced a Shakespere . . : from a Keltic source yet I think we can safely say that our literature has certainly enriched itself with Bardic fire wisdom. human in — these and many similar bright-colored passages While I the Mabinogion will strike the most cursory reader in confirmation of the feeling for color alleged. Henry Morley in England would Mr. who was constructed of certain flowers in order to by magic out Gwyddion. that English poetry got nearly turn for catching and rendering the charm of nature in a wonderfully near and vivid way. and has perhaps spiritualized its feeling for nature with that subtle wood-loneliness which Mr. to the hair of the lady that best he loved. and to her skin. which were redder than the blood upon the snow appeared to be.xvi Introduction. scarcely prepared to attribute so am foreign element as to agree much weight to any with Mr.

will brevity. Spanish much like our it short u.Introduction. II. even The ch. usually sounded like oo in pool. like German u. If the y in yield. where is more like our short i. Ch is guttural. becomes the English consonantal rapidly pronounced. except in the last syllable of words." the w before the a or y may be lish considered as having simply the force of the EngY. merge into wet. // results. as already explained . and the sound Ik vigorously forced upon that position. as in Scotch i. e. and pleasing. mostly occur in the . y. if long. German The vowels a. letters which cause most perplexity are w. Welsh ach. oo-et." pronounced Kilhooch (po) though where precedes a vowel this sound of course practically for example. would w. that perhaps the most helpful matter to which I can devote the brief remainder of this Introduction is the pronunciation of Welsh. and W\s. in which is minute accuracy sacrificed to at. some- thing like lock. and only approximate sounds are aimed at least result in showing such names to be often musical to the English ear. is w. nearly English ee in seen. and so in " Llywarch " or " Gwyddion. LI is like // in llanos. xvii The Welsh proper names are apt to make such an uncouth impression upon those unacquainted with their true sounds. Y short. but with an aspirated «ound made by forcing the breath through the back teeth so vigorously as to impress the English ear with the sound of a strongly-lisped organs be arranged so as to pronounce the s. under the it name " Kilhwch. of course all attempt at The following rules. or French u in une .

only with more k. known as the Gasdhilic. books which are now appearing as results of the fresh interest lately aroused in old Gaelic language and literature — that the sounds here given belong to the tongue of that special division of the Kelts known as the Cymric (pronounced Kymric) Kelts. e. d than blended with the h sound. much later than ancient Ireland and or Gaelic. F is always v . _/5z«. there is C is always Cynon equals it is Kynon . i. a. and may be regarded as unsettled. as as in English thanks . in distinction from their neighbors of Scotland. at any rate. I should add. following names as short English as long o . The of often occurring haus. " Cambria " and " Cymric. They are." which all Welshmen claim . no soft c in Welsh. It be helpful I add — in view of many. or German au in Dd is nearly th in then. Such will is the general sound of the if Welsh tongue. The derivation of the names "Wales" and "Welsh" is much disputed. It possible. All other letters is may be sounded some as in English. only in get. and u. that even Welshmen . as a rapidly pronounced French u. may find theoretical fault with of these directions but they are given here as very nearly reproducing the practical impression current talk. never as in then. o.xviii Introduction. ^ aw is like ou in English our. ^ which sounds like our _/ in Th 6^ always hard. made upon English ears by actual Welsh No one need go outside of his own experigreatly the sounds of current dis- ence to discover how course differ from theoretical methods of pronunciation.

present work contains nearly all the Mabinogion originally given . — and except where the demands of modern reserve required excision. third son. — in which case the interpolation is always placed in brackets. Locrinus. ex- cept occasionally to hasten the long-lagging action of a story. taking the parts north of the Humber and the . build- ing upon that ancient tradition perpetuated by Geoffrey of Monmouth. the eldest. his three sons divided the kingdom between them . but called after him "Locria" all variously. Camber." The series. myself so sure of its charm as to feel . that after the death of Brutus." or " Cymraeg. the original founder of Britain." now known whence it was called after him. is An Italicized word in brackets it. In now leaving this beautiful book with I find my young countrymen." usually reproduced in English by " Cymry. to xix be the true names for their country and nation. always the meaning of the word immediately before as in the Froissart and the King Arthur. and. taking the part between the Irish seas and the rivers Severn and Dee. as in is the other works of this the original text scrupulously preserved.) in old chronicles the next son." " Locris. taking the part now (or." usually reproduced in English by "Cymric. " Locgria. Hence the Welsh now call themselves " Cymru. Albanach (Albany). "Cambria.Introduction." and their language " Cymraec. known as England. as Wales." &c. .

. and scholarship have I made these delights possible and can wish my young readers few pleasures of finer quality than that surprised sense of a whole new world of possession which came with my first reading of these Mabinogion. watcher of the skies ken. N. 1881..C. and Keats's made me remember ". June. . Camp Robin. in taking authority to unite the earnest to expression of their gratitude with that of my own Lady Charlotte Guest.'' When a new planet swims into his SIDNEY LANIER. whose talents .XX no hesitation Introduction.

PAGE The Lady of the Fountain KiLHWCH AND Olwen.169 198 The Story of Lludd and Llevelys The Origin of the Owl Branwen the Daughter of Llyr 209 223 Manawyddan and the Mice Geraint the Son of Erbin 244 263 The Dream of Maxen Wledig Taliesin 328 340 . Prince of Dyved . i the Twrch Trwyth . 40 91 151 Peredur the Son of Evrawc The Dream of Rhonabwy PwYLL. or. .CONTENTS.

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. . The Recovery of Owain KiLHwcH riding into Arthur's Hall Peredur and the Maiden Peredur and the Chessmen 24 44 107 146 164 The Army of Ravens The Battle of the Dragons The Flight of Blodeuwedd and her Maidens . . . 220 Pryderi held fast by the Enchanted Bowl 252 The Tournament of the Sparrowhawk . PACE Kai and his Companions at the Castle of the Giant GwRNACH Frontispiece. . . Elphin singing before Taliesin 356 . .281 Geraint and the Maiden at the Edge of the Wood 312 . 203 .

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of the there. in Glamorganshire. to Glewlwyd Gavaelvawr was strangers. over of flame-colored satin. and Kai the son Kyner." I . In the centre of the chamber King Arthur sat upon a seat of green rushes.' and of Kynon the son of Clydno. which was spread a covering of red satin and a cushion was under his elbow. And if it should be said that there was a porter at Arthur's palace. acting welcome guests and to inform and to receive them with honor. and those to take who came up their lodging. and to direct those who came to the hall or to the presence-chamber. and with him were the son of Urien. and them manners and customs of the court. and Gwenhwyvar and her hand-maidens at needle-work by the window. Wales). TV^ING --^ one Owain ' ARTHUR day he was at Caerlleon-upon-Usk . THE LADY OF THE FOUNTAIN. familiar to the young readers "The Boy's King Arthur. and liis father " Urien " is the " King Uriens all of Gore " (Gore of probably Gower. there was none.THE BOY'S MABINOGION. and sat in his chamber. • This " Owain " is is Owen. as porter.

So Kai' went to the and returned bearing a kitchen and flagon of mead." said Kynon. and a handful of skewers upon which were broiled collops of meat. Then "Now. " . and set forth to journey through deserts and distant regions." said he. ' And at length it This is " Sir Kay the seneschal. and figures every- where in Malory's King Arthur as a cheerful but somewhat hasty-witted knight." quoth Owain. Then Arthur repast tales. " I was the only son and my mother and father. I equipped myself. "do thou pay to Kai the his due. I thought there was no enterprise in the world too mighty for me and. "thou art older." do thou therefore pay Kai his "Begin thyself." " I will do so. I : and hast seen more marvellous things than tale. and began to drink the mead." said Kai. country. and art a better teller of tales. my daring was very great." answered of Kynon. they ate the collops. spoke. . and I was exceedingly aspiring." who nicknames Beaumains. to the mead-cellar." And the king went to sleep. and a golden goblet. would sleep while wait for my and you can entertain one another with relating and can obtain a flagon of mead and some meat from Kai." that is said Owain." story. "with the best that thou knowest. I " If I thought you would not I dis- parage me.The Boy's Mabinogion. "it is time for you to give me my tale "Kynon." "Truly. after I had achieved all the adventures that were in my own .

wherein were trees of equal growth a. each with a frontlet of gold upon his head.nd a river ran of the through the river. And they had daggers with blades of gold. hilts of the bone And they were shooting their daggers. And there at saw four and twenty damsels embroidering satin a window. And I approached the castle and there . and conof the valley until I the evening and at the extremity of a plain came to a large and lustrous castle. mid-day. strung with the sinews of the stag of the . and with of the whale. came to the fairest valley in the world. On his feet were shoes gated leather. In the hand of each of them was an ivory bow. and their arrows had shafts bone . and they had gold clasps upon their insteps. I beheld two youths with yellow. curling hair. with his beard newly shorn. And one he went with me I towards the Now. was I went towards him and saluted him he no sooner received and such greeting his courtesy that it. of the whale. . except those who were in hall. I " of And a little way from them saw a man in the prime life. clad in a robe and a . mantle of yellow satin and round the top of his mantle of varie- was a band of gold lace. fastened by two bosses of gold. .The Lady of chanced that I the Fountain. When I saw him. and clad in a garment of yellow satin. And . and were winged with peacock's feathers the shafts also had golden heads. my than he returned castle. at the foot of which was a torrent. there were no dwellers in the castle. valley. and a path v/as by the side tinued And I followed the path until my journey along the remainder .

except And the table was of silver. behold. And in a And I sat next to him. me sat all the maidens. Now. and a surcoat. And six they placed cushions. And the third six spread cloths upon the tables and prepared And the fourth six took off my soiled garments and placed others upon a doublet of fine linen. Kai. and . on the day of the Nativity. the maidens who had taken if my horse unhar- nessed him as well as the Island of Britain. or of buffalo-horn. was water to wash. me . around me. Kai. and towels of . they brought bowls linen. some green. and below those who waited on us. and the least lovely of them was more lovely than Gwenhw)rvar. And verily. when she has appeared loveliest at the Offering. the cloths upon the table were of linen and no vessel was served upon the table that was not either of gold. while the man sat down to the table. the wife of Arthur.The Boy's Mabinogion. both beneath and . or of silver. namely. or at the feast of Easter. of silver wherein they had been the best squires in Then. in a vessel until they were perfectly bright. that the least fair of them was fairer than the fairest maid thou hast ever beheld in the Island of Britain . And our meat was brought sort of to us. and some white little and I washed. and six of them took of my horse and divested my armor. I saw there every meat . They rose up at my me coming. with coverings of red linen and I sat down. And six others took my arms and washed them meat. and a mantle of yellow satin with a broad gold band upon the mantle. this I tell thee. an under-vest and and a robe.

and at that court was not considered so great a crime for people to hold converse together. he said. and he smiled. or whether mastery over all. I said was glad to find that there was some one that it who would discourse with me. " I would show thee that which thou seekest. " Until the repast was half over. sort of liquor that I have ever seen elsewhere but the meat and the liquor were better served there than I have ever seen them in any other place. however. will do so.' I during thy now. 'If I did not fear to distress thee too much. and said. Sleep here to-night. and take the road upwards through the valley until thou reachest the wood through which the right. we I "Then cause of told the man who was. and in the morning arise early. "'Chieftain. 'we would have talked to thee sooner. neither the any one of the damsels spoke a single word to man nor me but. The Lady of and every the Fountain. when man perceived it. the that Upon this I became anxious and sorrowful and. 'If thou wouldst rather I should show thee thy disadvantage than thine adI vantage.. by which thou camest hither.' said the man. . he began to I inquire of me who I was. could gain the The man looked upon me . A little way within the wood thou off to wilt meet with a road branching . but repast : we feared to disturb thee will discourse. and what was the I my journey.' . and said that was seeking whether I any one was superior to me. when to the man perceived that it would be more agreeable me to converse than to eat any more.

As for the iron club which the man had lift men. I found him. that . and mounted my and proceeded straight through the valley to the wood and I followed the cross-road which the man had . to exceed by description he had given me told it of him. long seemed that night to me. him the way out briefly. Kai. And burden he has a club of iron . and he will reply to thee and will point out the road by which thou shalt of. he exceedingly ill-favored and he the woodward of that wood. and one eye in the middle of his forehead. And is he is not a comely man. but.' find that which thou art in quest "And morning horse. pointed out to me. is on the contrary. And thou wilt see Inquire of a thousand wild animals grazing around him. and it is certain that there are no find their two men in the world who would not in that club. And I there was I three times more astonished at the numI ber of wild animals that should be. told Huge of stature as the man had far the me that he was. for four warriors to a burden for two would be a heavy weight and this was in the black man's me was . And thou wilt see a man of great stature on the top of the mound. sitting upon the top of the mound. of the glade . He has but one foot.. thou must proceed until thou comest to a large sheltered glade with a black is mound in the centre. beheld than the man had said And the black man was there. The Boy's Mabinogion. I And the next arose and equipped myself. I am certain. He not smaller in size than two of the men of this world. till at length I arrived at the glade.

little man. And Then he only spoke to I me in answer to my ques- asked him what power he held over those animals. and divers animals.' The Lady of hand.' man. 'that path that leads towards the head of the glade. Under this tree is a fountain. and in the midst of whose branches are greener than the green- est pine-trees. "'Take. he asked me whither : would And when I told him who I was. it "And he mently . 'Seest thou now. and with he struck a stag a great blow. so that he brayed vehe- and at his braying the animals came it together. and they bowed their heads. and bade them go and feed . and he became very rough I in his go. and by the side of the fountain a marble slab.' said he. manner to me however.' said he. as numerous as the for stars in the sky. and dragons. And he looked at them. so that was difficult me to find room in the glade to stand among them. Take the bowl and throw a bowlful . and there thou wilt find an it open space a tall tree. and what I sought. "Then little the black man I said to me. he directed me. what power I hold over these animals " Then inquired of him the way. . and on the marble slab it a silver bowl attached by a chain of silver so that may not be carried away. took his club in his hand. and did him homage as vassals to their lord. and ascend the wooded steep until its thou comest to summit . tions. like to a large valley. the Fountain. sorts of There were serpents. " ' I will show thee.

And the shower will be of will hailstones fair.' "So steep. that it will be scarce possible endure . and after the shower the weather become but every leaf that was upon the tree will have been carried away by the shower. clothed in black velvet. I journeyed on until I reached the summit of the and there it found every thing as the black man had and described to me. and he will ride If unto thee to encounter thou fleest thee with the utmost speed. he overtake thee . and with a pennon of black linen his lance . at the moment thou art most delighted with the song of the birds. beneath slab. With the thunder there it come a shower for thee to so severe.8 of The Boy's Mabinogion. behold. and complaining coming towards thee along the And upon thou wilt see a knight upon a coal-black horse. took the bowl. And I went up its to the tree. thou art a mounted knight he will leave thee on And if thou dost not find trouble in that adventure thou it needest not seek during the rest of thy I life. it I saw the fountain. alight Then a . and thou wilt hear a mighty peal and earth will of thunder. as sure as foot. and. so that thou wilt think that heaven are trembling with its fury. and by silver side the marble and the bowl fastened by the chain. the thunder came. much more . upon the tree and in thine own country thou didst never hear a strain so sweet as that which they And. if thou abidest there. Then I . flight of birds will come and will sing. water upon the slab. thou wilt hear a murmuring valley. and live. will from him. and cast a bowlful of water upon the slab and thereupon.

I and rode off with the two horses. for not one of those hail- stones would be stopped. either by the flesh or by the skin. behold. And thus withstood the shower. and sang. led : man had me to expect. I was most charmed with listening to the birds. And. a knight on a black horse appeared. clothed in jet-black velvet. And thunder came the shower and of a truth I tell thee. held the upper I part of it over my own I it . either before or since. Kai. and with a tabard of black linen about him. and with that. when lo. as the onset And we it charged each other . there was not a single leaf and then the sky became clear. and. And he . while head. I turned flank towards the shower. approaching me. I never heard any melody equal to that. until it had reached the bone. was not long before I was overthrown. that there is neither man nor beast that could endure that shower and live . that thou shouldst act towards possessions as thou hast this day ? me and not my Dost thou know that the shower to-day has left in my dominions } neither man nor beast alive that was exposed to it "And thereupon. And truly. ' O knight I ! what has brought thee hither . Kai. leaving me where was. a murmuring voice was heard through the valley. When upon looked on the tree. Then the knight passed the shaft of his lance through the bridle-rein of my horse.' The Lady of violent than the black after the the Fountain. shield over his head and placed the beak I my horse's of my and neck.' What evil have done to thee. and saying. behold the birds lighted upon the tree. was furious.

and none of them I alluded to my to expedition to the fountain. with nostrils as red as scarlet putting on and." lO The Boy's Mabinogion. had been the I and I was better feasted. found ready saddled a . So I re- by which had come. through the shame the black castle man's derision. confess into to thee. And I was more agreeably entertained that night than night before . Kai. dark-bay palfrey. I When I arose on the morrow. And that night I came to the same I where I had spent the night preceding. an adventure so much to his own discredit it and verily seems strange to me that neither before nor since have I heard of any person besides myself it who knew of this adventure.' not be well to go and . after returned to my armor and leaving there my blessing. is a marvel that I did not melt that I felt at down a liquid pool. And that horse I still possess. I my own court." it "Now. "would endeavor to discover that place . and that the subject of should exist within light- King Arthur's dominions without any other person ing upon it. Kai. yonder . " Now of a truth. no man ever before confessed to . and I remained there that night. nor did he despoil turtied along the road I me I of my arms. and he is in the stable and I declare that I would not part with him for the best palfrey in the Island of Britain. And. neither did mention it any . did not even bestow so much notice upon me as to im- prison me. when I reached the glade where the black it man was." quoth Owain. and conversed freely with the inmates of the castle.

Kai. and he was certain that was the same that he side of sought." " Is it is." "By With the hand of my friend. Kai." that Arthur awoke. river. and mounted his charger. and the yellow man. " often dost thou utter that with thy tongue which thou wouldst not make good with thy deeds. "thou hast slept a while. And. " it were better thou wert hanged. time for us to go to meat lord." said. lord. than to use such uncourteous speech towards a man like Owain. Then the horn for washing was sounded. standing hard by. On the morrow. And at length he arrived at the valley which Kynon had it described to him the ." said Kai. whom the castle belonged. When castle. good lady. he put on his armor. And when the meal was ended Owain withdrew to ." said \ " It Owain." 1 The Lady of " the Fountain. and travelled through distant lands and over desert mountains. and asked if he had not been sleeping a " Yes. with the dawn of day. and the king and all his household sat down to eat." said Gwenhwyvar.-eady his his lodging and made horse and his arms. "thy praise of Owain is not greater than mine. 1 By the hand of my friend. And no . journeying along the valley by the he followed its course till he came to the plain he approached the and within sight place where to of the castle. little." " In very truth. he saw the youths shooting their daggers in the Kynon had seen them." answered Owain.

About the middle Owain of the repast. as they had . . and they retired to The next morning Owain found for his horse made ready and came to him by the damsels . Owain. he came to the green tree and he beheld the fountain. And Owain took the bowl. done to Kynon and the meal which they set before him it gave more satisfaction to Owain than had done to Kynon. saw the chamber and when he had entered the chamber he beheld the maidens working at satin embroidery. Kynon had done. and he showed as it to him. and said. he described the whole to rest. and .12 rhe Boy's Mabinogion. sooner had Owain saluted the yellow saluted by man than he was and there he him in return. And he went forward towards the . in And their beauty and their comeliness chairs of gold." am in quest of the knight Upon this the yellow man smiled. the glade where the black the black . who guards the fountain. and he set forward. to Owain far greater than Kynon had represented And they arose to wait upon Owain. " I man asked And Owain made it known to him. till And Owain followed the road. seemed to him. and the slab beside the fountain with the bowl upon it. man was. castle. the yellow the object of his journey. And the stature of man seemed more wonderful to Owain than it had done to Kynon and Owain asked of him his road. and said that he was had as loth to point out that adventure to Owain as he been to Kynon However.

and the inner gate was closed. Then and the Owain struck the knight a blow through piece. described . remained between the two gates. And. when their song was most pleasing to Owain. he beheld a knight coming towards him through the valley tered . and cut of the spurs that two and carried away the rowels heels. although he was not near enough to strike him with his sword. upon which he turned head and And Owain pursued him. so that Owain could not go thence . immediately the birds came. much more violent than Kynon had bright.The Lady of the Fountain. allowed to enter. and through the it skin. And the portcuUis descended And the rowels of the spurs and part of the . threw a bowlful of water upon the thunder was heard . and after the shower the sky became looked at the tree there was not one And when Owain And leaf upon it. him Having broken both their lances. his helmet. until black knight felt wounded the very his horse's Then fled. with the other part of the horse. And was they came to the castle-gate. that he had received a mortal wound. Thereupon Owain descried a vast and resplendent castle. lo. and visor. and settled upon the and sang. headflesh. the bone. . and . and he prepared to receive him and encounviolently. And the black knight and the portcullis was let fall upon Owain him in and it struck his horse behind the saddle. tree. the and after the thunder came the shower. and followed close upon him. horse were without and Owain. And. slab. they drew their swords and fought blade to blade. were upon Owain's to the floor. and the brain.

do it. As a friend thou art the most sincere. while he was in this state. with a row of houses on each And he beheld a maiden. they will come forth to fetch thee in order to put thee to death . side. And When they have consulted together. and should be opened. lady. and she was clad in a dress of yellow satin. with yellow curling hair." said the damsel." . and on her feet were shoes of variegated leather. and as a lover the most devoted. he could see through an aperture in the gate a street facing him. Take this ring. " Therefore. it as long as thou concealest it will conceal thee. in a perplexing situation. "it is very sad that thou canst not be released. my shoulder. I will whatever is in my power to it do for thy release." quoth she. desired that " it And she approached the gate. And I will await thee on the horseblock yonder me. and they will be much grieved that they cannot find thee. for I never saw one more faithful in the service of ladies than thou." to open to thee from hence than for thee "Truly.14 The Boys Mabinogion." said Owain. that I may know that And by the way that I go hence do thou thou accompany me. and a frontlet of gold upon her head . though I . no more posit is sible for to set me me free. and close thy hand upon the stone. Owain was And. and put on thy finger with the stone inside thy hand. and every woman ought to succor thee . " it is Heaven knows. and : thou wilt therefore be able to see cannot see thee come and place thy hand upon art near me.

but it was better cooked there than he had place. And Owain looked around the chamber it and be- hold there was not even a single nail in painted with gorgeous colors . they were sorely grieved. came door. to the door of a large and beautiful chamber in and the maiden opened and they went and closed the . And of a truth Owain had never seen any kind in of meat that was not there abundance it . came to seek Owain to put and. and put a towel of white linen on her shoulder. when they found nothing but the half of his horse. where- And Owain it. did all 1 Then she went away from Owain. and placed his hand upon her shoulder off. ate and drank until late in the afternoon. . and she brought him food. Then she placed before him a silver table inlaid with gold. and took water in a silver bowl. excellent a display of meat and drink as And there was not one vessel from which he was served that was not of gold or of silver. and went to . in the castle. ever found in any other Nor did he ever see so there. and he the maiden had told him. that was not and there was not a single panel that had not sundry images in gold portrayed upon it. And Owain lo. upon which was a cloth of yellow linen. they heard a mighty clamor And Owain asked the maiden what that outcry was. that And him the people of the castle to death . the maiden. And Owain upon she set vanished from among them. The maiden kindled a fire. when.5 The Lady of the Fountain. followed her until they . and gave Owain water to wash.

"to the nobleman who owns the And Owain went to sleep. And following the train he beheld a lady. and looked towards the castle. and stained with blood. And he could see hosts that filled neither the bounds nor the extent of the the streets. " They are administering extreme unction." ' said she. Never did Owain see an assemblage so gorgeous with satin and silk and sendal. which was torn. And The it was a marvel that the ends church to a dying person. Upon her feet were shoes of variegated leather. and with the noise of the trumpets. And a little after daybreak they heard an exceeding loud clamor and wailing. and with the singing of the ecclesiastics. both on and all horseback and on foot city. And a vast number of .6 1 The Boy's Mabinogion." of the noble- And Owain window rose up and clothed himself. singing. the ecclesiastics in the And it seemed to Owain that the sky re- sounded with the vehemence of their cries. . of her last rite of the . And Owain asked the maiden what was the cause of " it. women were with them. with yellow hair falling over her shoulders. over which was a veil of white linen and wax tapers were burning beside and around bier it. They are bearing to the church the body man who owned the castle. and about her a dress of yellow satin. And they were fully armed. and none that supported the was lower in rank than a powerful baron. and opened a of the chamber. In the midst of the throng he beheld the bier." castle.

7 The Lady of fingers the Fountain. and kindled a it fire. of liberal. which were two Then she opened wooden casket and upon and drew forth a razor whose haft was rivets of gold." "Verily." said Owain. and she my mistress. wherewith a she washed Owain's head. from the violence with which she Truly she would have been smote her hands together. and she dried his head and his throat with the towel. and she around silver brought a towel of white linen and placed it Owain's neck basin. Then she to eat." And filled with that the maid arose. . and the is wisest. and she took a goblet of ivory and a and filled them with warm water. and a pot with water and placed to warm . " Heaven knows. women ' ." said the maiden. so that it took entire possession of him. rose up from before Owain." replied the maiden. said and the most chaste. And she is called the Countess of the Fountain. 1 were not bruised. and the most and the most noble. No sooner had he beheld the lady than he became inflamed with her love. And her cry was louder than the shout of the men or the clamor of the trumpets. And she shaved his beard." the woman that I love "Verily. "she shall also love thee not a little. . "she best. of ivory.' the wife of him whom thou is didst slay yesterday. Then he inquired of the maiden who the lady was. " she may be to be the fairest. had she been in her usual guise. the fairest lady Owain ever saw. and brought him truly And Owain had never so good a meal nor was he ever so well served.

." With own accord shouldst send that Luned went forth." said she. but the countess answered her And the maiden bent down towards her. and began coughing loudly. that thou hast not come I to visit me in my grief . the maiden arranged his couch. Luned said. The Boy's Mabinogion. that thou answerest no one to-day "Luned. and having made thee rich — it was wrong thee. And. she found nothing but . the . know what was to thine advan- And I henceforth evil betide whichever of us shall reconciliation to the other make the first advance towards whether thine should seek an invitation from thee. I me in my distress. When he had finished his repast. ." said Luned. mourning and sorrow and the countess in her chamber could not bear the sight of any one through grief." And Owain went castle. when Luned looked back.' It was wrong in thee. "Come woo here. to sleep .? came and saluted her not. "that thou hast no other I cause to do so than that would have been of service to thee where thou didst not tage. "what change hath befallen thee. And the countess arose. and I will go and for thee. "and sleep. That was wrong in thee." in thee that thou didst not come to see it is. and "What aileth thee. or thou of to invite me. and followed her to the door of the chamber." . and the maiden shut the door of the chamber after her. and went towards the When she came there." said the countess. As will banish "I am glad.

19 to beckoned to her. And I will go to Arthur's and ill betide me if I return thence without a waras. court rior . and went to rejoiced visit And the countess was much when she saw court. who can guard the fountain as well than. thou canst not maintain thy dominions . and make proof promised. if truth. the Fountain. of that "Go. "I will tell thee. he who defended it formerly. her. "Unless thou canst defend the fountain. set out. therefore. that except Thou knowest by warfare and arms it is impossible for thee to preserve thy possessions." which thou hast Luned court left . and she returned the "In but." "That will or even better be hard to perform." "I " will do so." said the countess. "evil is thy disposition." said Luned." said the countess. not. to me." quoth she. and no one can defend the fountain. except it be a knight of Arthur's household. declare it thou knowest what is to my advantage. and inquired what news she brought from the . And she tarried there with him as long as it might have taken her to have travelled to the court of King Arthur. And at the end of that time she apparelled the cauntess." ? " And how can I do that " said the countess. under the pretence of going to Arthur's but she went back to the chamber where she had Owain.The Lady of countess countess. to seek Delay some one who can defend them. however. herself.

and she gazed steadfastly upon Owain." "What harm is there "I am certain. lady.'" said Luned." cause the town to be "and assembled by that time." the countess caused all The next day her subjects to left assemble. And the next day." the better for thee." And Luned noon. and showed them that her earldom was . "and I take counsel. the countess. " Luned. Luned." said Luned." said the countess. lady. than this chased the soul from the body of my lord." said "So much in that. Right glad was the countess of their coming. When wilt should present to thee the chieftain hither ? who has come with me said the "Bring him here to countess. I "I bring thee the best of news." "Go back will to thine abode. he could not have There is no remedy for that which ^^ past. returned home. "for have compassed thou that I the object of my mission. in a coat and a surcoat and a mantle upon which was a broad feet band of gold lace and on his were high shoes of variegated leather. had he not been stronger than thy deprived him of is life. which were fastened by golden clasps in the form of lions." 20 The Boy's Mabinogion. And they proceeded to the chamber of the countess. and said. be it as it may. this knight has not the look of a traveller." said lord. "that no other man "for. visit I me will to-morrow at mid-day. at Owain arrayed himself of yellow satin .

the fountain with lance and sword. The French roman"Gwalchmai" to name from the old legendary "Gawaine. "this choice : what I offer for your either let one of you take me. or give your con- sent for me to take a husband from elsewhere to defend my dominions. against the king's will Sir and desire. whenso- And Owain defended And this is the manner for his full worth." it So they came to the determination that that she should have permission to marry was better some one from elsewhere.1 The Lady of defenceless. and that it the Fountain. in which he defended it : ever a knight came there." said she. It befell that as Gwalchmai ' went forth one day with and sorrow- King Arthur he perceived him ' to be very sad This Gwalchmai —a name which in Old British means Haivk of Battle — is our old friend "Sir Gawaine" of The Boy^s cers appear to have transformed his King Arthur. the And men of the earldom did Owain homage. among his barons and no man in the whole world could be more beloved than he was by subjects. . is horse and arms. his And it was thus for the space of three years." He was noted in Welsh poetry as one of the three golden-tongued . 2 could not be protected but with skill. knights of Arthur's court whose persuasions none could resist and this may account for the strange subjection of Arthur to his influence in leading the king. And thereupon she sent for the bishops and archbishops to celebrate her nuptials with Owain. to war upon Sir Launcelot during those last days described in Thomas Malory's book. he overthrew him and sold him and what he thus gained he divided and his knights . and military "Therefore.

" said. Gwalchmai. saying. And Arthur came to the castle where Kynon had been before and when he came there the youths were shooting in the same place. " Oh. Now I am is through the which Kynon. besides their attendants. mon to arms thy whole dominions on for thou thyself and the men of thy household will be able to if avenge Owain prison. it if he be slain. his retinue. that I have "There no need for thee. the son of Clydno. of presence was scarcely observed in the its . the son of Clydno. "to sumthis account . of his household prepared to and their number was three thousand. their castle. And Gwalchmai was much ? grieved to see Arthur in this state. and the yellow man was standing hard by. was And the maidens rose of up to wait on them and the service the maidens . ! 22 The Boy's Mabinogion." is related. And Kynon. acted as their guide. . and he questioned him." said Arthur." said Gwalchmai. ful. great as was the number extent. I whom if I have lost these three years shall certainly die the fourth year passes without sure that it my tale lost seeing him. Owain. so vast And. or to set him free he be in and if alive to bring him back with thee. and they entered the castle together. "I am grieved concerning Owain. And was settled according to what Gwalchmai had Then Arthur and the men go and seek Owain . When the yellow man saw Arthur." . my lord what has befallen thee "In and sooth. he greeted him and invited him to the castle. And Arthur accepted his invitation.

coming rapidly towards them. and to receive the first adventure that may befall. And the stature of the black it man was more prising to Arthur than had been represented to him. bowlful of water upon the slab. And . and immediately there came the thunder. Then Kai threw a der the shower.The Lady of appeared to them ever met with ." said he. and many killed of the attendants who After were in Arthur's train were by the shower. Then they beheld a knight on clothed in black satin. clear. leafless. slab. The next morning. and the And this. Then of the the birds descended upon the tree birds was far sweeter than before." And Arthur gave him leave. "I know the meaning of my request is that thou wilt permit me to throw the water on the slab. and the song any strain they had ever heard a coal-black horse. upon that Kai came to Arthur. 23 all to excel any attendance they had of and even the pages who had charge the horses were no worse served that night than Arthur himself would have been in his own palace. Arthur for his guide. all "My and lord. And they came to the top of the wooded steep. the Fountain. and spoke to him. the shower had ceased the sky became and on look- ing at the tree they beheld it completely . and the bowl. set out thence with and came to the place where the Kynon black man sur- was. and travtill ersed the valley they reached the green tree. where they saw the fountain. and after the thun- And such a thunderstorm they had never known before.

And yester- Kai came to Arthur and spoke to him. was not long And the knight withdrew. and before Kai was overthrown. " permit ! me to fight with him first." And Arthur permitted him. And on the spot he overthrew Kai. "My day. and struck him with the head of his lance in the forehead. And they charged each other. having over himself and his horse a satin robe honor which had been sent him by the daughter of the Earl of Rhangyw and in this dress he was not known by . even to the bone.24 The Boy's Mabinogion. my lord " said Gwalchmai. so that it broke his helmet and the headpiece. it Kai met him and encountered him. and Arthur and his host encamped And when they arose in the morning they perceived the signal of combat upon the lance of the knight. to his companions. of And he went forth to meet the knight. And Arthur armed himself to encounter the knight. until there was not one that was not overthrown by him except Arthur and Gwalchmai. " Oh. all the household of Arthur went forth one after the other to combat the knight. And Kai returned After this. any of the host." "Thou mayst do so. for the night. it "though I was overthrown seem good to thee I would gladly meet the knight again to-day. and pierced the skin and the flesh the breadth of the spear-head. if lord." said he. and fought . And Kai went towards the knight." said Arthur.

o .

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" . 25 of that day until the evening . " Thou. knew that was Gwalchmai. my sword. " will not take is he that has vanquished me and he my sword." said Owain. And the multitude that witnessed their encounter felt assured that they had never before men it so valiant or so powerful. light And. the third day they fought with exceeding strong And furiously. they were incensed with rage. and fought And lances. them could obtain the mastery. owing to the robe of honor that enveloped thee. "My " lord Arthur. so that the knight said. And it the knight gave Gwalchmai a blow that turned his helmet from off his face. so that they fell over their horses' cruppers to the ground." And with that Arthur saw that they were conversing. And they gave each other such a shock that the girths of their horses were broken.The Lady of all the Fountain. Owain." My lord. even until noon. and neither them was and able to unhorse the other. and advanced towards them. did not know my cousin. who has vanquished me and take my arms. The next day they fought with strong neither of lances." Take Said Gwalchmai. seen two midnight. art the victor. And they rose up speedily and drew their swords and resumed the combat. "here will not it is Owain." said Gwalchmai. had fire it been would have been from the that flashed from their weapons. Take thou my sword and my arms. I Then Owain thee for " My lord Gwalchmai.

And the countess gave her consent. [beseeching] her to permit Owain to go with him for the space of three months. And Then he sent an embassy to the countess. and during that time. Never had they a more delicious or agreeable banquet. I have been preparing a banquet for thee. And they retired that night. that he might show fair him to the nobles and the dames of the Island of it Britain. "and then neither other." said Owain. for have been absent from thee these three years. all up to this very day. with them. and there was nigh being a so great was the press." you has vanquished the Then Owain put they embraced. and the host hurried forward to see . until thou and thy attendants have recovered the fatigues of the journey and have been anointed. And all Owain. his And. therefore. knowing that thou wouldst come to seek me. instead of three months.26 "Give of The Boy's Mabinogion. although to her. and to embrace him loss of life. Arthur prepared to depart. Tarry with me. he remained three years.." said Arthur. me your swords. . when he was once more kindred and friends. And the banquet which had been three years preparing was consumed in three months." And they all proceeded to the castle of the Countess of the FoMntain. "My I lord. his arms around Arthur's neck. "this is not well of thee. was very painful amongst So Owain came with Arthur to the Island of Britain. and the next day Arthur prepared to depart.

the countess and her maidens went forth to in the middle of the park . the saddle were of gold. having finished eating. but wan- dered to the distant parts of the earth and to uncultivated mountains. in the Then he descended from to a the mounfairest and came park that was the world and belonged to a widowed countess. the traitor. she came up to Owain. . behold a damsel entered. And they were terrified. body was wasted away. as the Foimtain. Nevertheless. And they saw that there was life in him. at length became familiar with him. and the beardless. and fed with them.The Lady of And. the disgraced. the bridle and so much as was seen of. and took the ring from off his " Thus. tains to the valley." said she. upon a bay horse with a curling mane and covered with foam and . [yet] did not go to the court. they went near him. he grew so weaK that he could no longer bear them company. " shall be treated the deceiver." And Then his she turned her horse's head. he went to own abode and made preparations that night. And and long. the faithless. and departed. And And hand. One day walk by a lake that was and they saw the form of a man. 27 Owain one day sat at meat in the city of Caer- lleon-upon-Usk. he remained there his until all his apparel his hair was worn out. And the next day he arose. and he was sorrowful and. came to Owain's remembrance. and was grown But And he went until they about with the wild beasts. and looked at him. and touched him. the damsel was arrayed in a dress of yellow satin. his adventure .

" said Owain. and place them near the man we saw through the will do. and became ashamed of the unseemliness of his appear- Then he perceived the horse and the garments that were near him." " is pity. Then watch what he left And the maiden departed from her. and poured the whole of the balsam upon Owain. and with difficulty mounted the Then the damsel discovered herself to him. though he was exhausted by the heat And the countess returned to the castle. his arms. . . and inquired of her what land and what territory that was." now. And he crept forward till he was able to draw the garments to him from off the saddle. And if anoint him with in this balsam. And he was when he saw her.28 The Boy's Mabinogion. clothed himself. At the death of her husband he left her two earldoms but at this day she has [only] this one dwelling that has not been wrested from her by a young earl who That is her neighbor. "Truly." said the maiden. And he horse. near his will arise heart and there is life him he efficacy of this balsam. and took a flask full of precious ointment and gave it to one of her maidens." said she^ "and take with thee yonder horse and clothing. and went a self to little way and hid her- watch him. In a short time she saw him begin to move ance. and the horse and the off garments hard by. and rejoiced saluted him. of the sun. because she refused to become his wife. "a widowed countess owns yonder castle. And he rose up and looked at his person. "Go just with this. .

" castle with a numerous army. She has the best in the world. is However. to his former guise. 29 And he and the maiden proceeded to the . And the maiden did fire and furnished him with meat until and drink and and lodging and medicaments he was well again." said she. and kindled a and left him. And " the maiden came to the countess." The Lady of the Fountain. ! Ha. pleasant chamber. and gave the flask into her hand. subdue And Owain " inquired of her whether the countess had a horse and arms in her possession. has to come before the the countess." so. maiden!" give thee this. And in three months he was restored and became even more comely than he had ever been before." said the maiden. "Oh. a great tumult and a sound of of the and he inquired maiden the cause thereof. said the countess. wait thou upon him he quite recovered. " where is all the balsam " Have I not used it all } " said she. "Wilt thou go and request the loan of a horse and . castle. maiden. "whom I mentioned to thee. One day Owain heard arms in the castle. And he alighted there and the maiden conducted him to a fire. "I cannot easily for- It is sad for me to have wasted seven- score pounds' worth of precious ointment upon a stranger whom until I know not. "The earl. maiden ? " said the countess.

And had she came to the countess. and told her what Owain said. And Owain asked the pages in which troop the earl was." 30 arms this The Boy's Mabinogion. "In yonder standards : troop. and Owain pressed forward until he met the earl. And Owain drew him was with difficulty. for me." " Now. when they came near neither its to the earl's army. and mounted the horse and weiit attended by two pages completely equipped with horses and arms. — such a horse and such arms am had he never And I glad that they should be taken by him to-day. and two behind. they could see its extent nor extremity." said she. "in which are four yellow of two them are before. And the countess laughed." said Owain. though he brought the earl to ." The countess bade them bring armor for steed upon which was a beechen saddle. "that I may go and look at army " I will. and await me near the portal of the castle. And." said ? Owain." said the maiden. him. Yet I know not what he would do with out a beautiful black them. lest will my enemies should have them against my to-morrow. " do you return. completely out of castle. himself. and a suit of man and horse." So they returned . "Truly." said they. And Owain armed forth. his saddle and turned his horse's head towards the it and. "I will even give him a horse and arms forever yet.

besides hostages. and beheld a huge craggy in the middle of the wood. And in they came. behold. there was a cleft in the rock. as the serpent sprang out. the lion bim and played about him though it had been a greyhound that he had reared. but Owain chose rather to wander through distant lands and deserts. him with sword and cut him And as he dried his sword. on the side of And . And which Owain went towards the was a gray rock. took his departure. And Owain presented the earl as a gift to the countess. They proceeded thus throughout the day until the even- . where the pages awaited him. and went on his way followed as before. and a serpent was within the stood a black lion And near the rock and every time the lion sought to go thence the serpent darted towards him to attack him. But. " Behold a requital to thee for thy blessed balsam. and drew near to the and. repeated a second and a third time. he struck in two. And as he And it was mound journeyed he heard a loud yelling in a wood. And his the earl restored to the countess the two earldoms he had taken life . and said to her. And Owain rock his ." The army encamped around from her. and for freedom he all gave her the half of his own dominions. And Owain all And the countess her subjects besought him to remain. cleft. as a ransom for his the castle. spot. and his gold and and his silver and his jewels. unsheathed his sword. the portal.The Lady of the Fountain.

" "And what dost thou here. And I told them that they two were not a match for him alone. And Owain it called out to know whether the sigh he heard proceeded from a mortal. bearing a fine large roebuck. And the he fire threw with it down before Owain. " on account who came from Arthur's of the knight court and married the countess.32 ing. and called him a deceiver. was kindled the three nights. . and when the brought him fuel enough to last for And the lion disappeared. he staid a short time with her but he afterwards departed for the court of Arthur. and a third. the handmaiden Countess of the Fountain. and a second. and skinned its it. I " Truly. " I am imprisoned. And Owain The rest of took the roebuck. And when it was time for Owain to take his rest flat he dismounted. placed coUops of flesh upon skewers around the the buck he gave to the lion to devour.?" said Owain. And lion he struck fire. this. and fire. and turned his horse loose in a and fire wooded meadow. And presently the lion returned. And since. and has not returned And he was the friend I loved best in the world." said the voice. prisoned So they imI me in the stone vault. While he was doing he heard a deep sigh near him. and he received answer that "Who of the art thou "i " said Owain. And two of the pages in the countess' chamber traduced Jiim." said she. The Boy's Mabinogion. and said that should be . who went towards it. " am Luned. did.

lion Then the him. me by a and that is no further off than the day after to-morrow. Owain two parts. if And the next morning Owain inquired of the damsel there was any place where he could get food and enter- tainment for that night. them into between himself and the maiden until and after they had eaten they talked together the day dawned. wilt see a great castle in earl which are many towers is and the who owns that castle the most hospitable man in the world. When the collops were cooked. "There is. accoutred his horse. " And his name is Owain. The Lady of the Fountain. for." . and in a short time thou ." said she.Owain met with there was such as he had never known elsewhere for every one was . And Owain the ford. the son of Urien. 33 put to death unless he came himself to deliver certain day . And I have no one to send to seek him for me. And his horse was well cared and plenty of fodder was placed before him. divided . and it. "Cross over yonder and go along the side of the river. lord." And art thou certain that if that knight knew ? all this he would come to thy rescue " I am most certain of it." sentinel keep stricter watch Never did over his lord than the lion that night over Owain. came And he entered and was honorably received. There thou mayst spend the night. . went and laid down in the horse's manger so that none of the people of the castle dared to approach The treatment which ." said she. and passed across by in sight of the castle.

" that . And of they went to meat and the earl sat upon one side Owain. Then " said Owain." replied the "and yesterday Now. earl. lovely than she." said the earl. less He has the form of a man . . it is not thy com- ing that makes us sorrowful for sadness but we have cause enough and care. of food that he took him- And he never saw any thing equal to the sadness of the people. though death had been upon him. "Behold. "that wilt thou do ? lamentable. In the middle of the repast the earl began to bid Owain welcome." said Owain." is "Truly." Heaven knows." 34 as sorrowful as The Boy's Mabinogion. . who kills men and is devours them and he seized my sons. And Then Owain had never seen any more and he fed him with every kind self. and on the other side his only daughter. And to-morrow I the time he has will fixed to be here and he threatens that he then slay his my sons before my no ey«s unless will deliver into hands this my daughter. there is they went to the mountains to hunt. it is time for thee to be cheerful.? "What is " said Owain. the mountain a monster on . "I have two sons. but in stature he is than a giant. "it will be better that my sons should be slain against my will than that I should . And which "Heaven knows. the lion came and placed himself between Owain's feet." said the earl. " that .

and thence got to the top of the castle and he sprang down from the walls. And he climbed up he till he reached the top of the . " Truly." said the giant. And the earl was anxious both to protect and to release his two to sons. and he . The earl besought Owain to remain with him . for he heard that it went hard with Owain. The next morning they heard an exceeding or. and Owain staid there that night. great clam- which was caused by the coming of the giant with the two youths. and then he returned to And the lion roared very loud.The Lady of > the Fountain. and his heart was laid bare. And the lion followed him." Upon that. he rushed towards him and attacked him. And the lion fought with the giant much more fiercely than Owain did." Then they talked about other things . when the giant saw that Owain was armed. ill-treat 35 voluntarily give up my daughter to him to and destroy. Owain took the . Then Owain restored the two youths to their father. And. And the lion gave the giant a stroke with his paw which tore him from his shoulder to his hip. his castle. And the giant fell down dead. lion back to the castle and fight shut the gate upon him the giant as before. Then Owain put on his armor. were it not for the animal that is with thee. earl's hall. and went forth encounter the giant. " I should find no difficulty in fighting with thee. and went and joined Owain.

" Owain has failed her : therefore we he are taking her to be burnt." " Truly. and two youths with beautiful curling auburn hair were leading the And Owain asked them what charge they had against her. 36 would The Boys Mabinogion.." We will. as the " maiden had done the night before. and they two got the better of the young men. you will accept me in his stead. and And that they said to him." said the youths. "Chieftain." said Owain. and blocked up the door with stones and he went to fight with the young men as before. and if knew that the maiden was in such peril I marvel that he if came not " to her rescue. But Owain had not at seeing his usual strength. " And. fire And when he came there he saw a great maiden to cast her into the fire. And wall until he found a way and rushed upon the young . they attacked Owain. and the two youths he burst through the pressed hard upon him. not. And they told him of the compact that was between them. the lion roared incessantly Owain in trouble. save with thyself alone it is harder for us to contend with yonder animal than with thee. " he is a good knight . I will do battle with you. But. we should fight. and he was hard beset by And with that the lion came to Owain's assist- ance. And them. And out. it was not agreed . kindled. but set forward towards the meadow where Luned was. said they." And Owain put the lion in the place where the maiden had been imprisoned.

our horses and our raiment and our gold and our And the corpses of our husbands are still in this house. And he went forth from the and he beheld a knight ap- . being burned. and many others with them. And the garments which they had on were not worth four and twenty pence.The Lady of the Fountain. is the and we are sorry that thou art come harm should befall thee. And when he went thence he took the countess with him to Arthur's court. 37 men. and they were as sorrowful as death. lest . chieftain. And we were with honor and rejoicing. and we came here with our received whom we . And all We the daughters of earls. of their sadness. while And we were thrown into a we were thus. owns this castle slew all our husbands. And then he took the road that led to the court of the . " asked are them the cause husbands. And Owain they said. savage black man." Owain was grieved when he heard And castle. the demon who and took from us silver. man he entered the and beheld four and twenty ladies. dearly loved. this. cause of our grief hither. And this. and she was his wife as long as she lived. And when he reached the court of the savage black hall. state of stupor and. So Luned was saved from to the dominions of Then Owain returned with Luned the Countess of the Fountain. the fairest that could be seen. and instantly slew them. and Owain fought with him lion did not quit and the Owain until he had vanquished him.

" And with that they charged each other. And. was but a robber here. "thou shalt not find it then.38 preaching him. such as wished to remain in Arthur's court remained there. and fought furiously. who saluted him in a friendly and cheerful this manner as if he had been a brother. And Owain spare his life. The Boy's Mabinogion. his joy was now much greater. and such as wished to depart departed." friendship that I said Owain. "In very sooth. and thou hast done so. "it was foretold that thou shouldst come hither and vanquish me ." said he." "In sooth. for the of thy And Owain accepted there that night. this proposal of him. And thenceforward Owain dwelt at Arthur's court. And is was the savage black man. lord Owain. lost if Arthur was rejoiced when he saw first him after he had him the time. will become the keeper good of an hospice. and remained And the next day he took the four and twenty ladies and their horses and their raiment and what they possessed of goods and jewels. . and grant my and house was a house of I spoil me my life. overcame him. of those ladies. "it not to seek thy am here." said he. And." for strong as long as I live. and proceeded with them to Arthur's court. Then the black savage besought Owain to and spoke thus : " My I . and bound his hands behind his back. and I will maintain this house as an hospice for weak and soul.

" . And wherever Owain went with these he was victorious. and those were the army left hundred ravens which Kenverchyn had him. 39 greatly beloved. until he went away with of three his followers ' . as the head of his household. ' This strange army of ravens figures in a tale given presently — " The Dream of Rhonabwy.The Lady of the Fountain. And this is the tale of The Lady of the Fountain.

unto Arthur to thy cousin. and what aileth thee ? My stepmother has declared to I me that I shall have a wife until obtain Olwen. " I declare to thee that it thy destiny not to be suited with a wife until thou obtain Olwen." Ihe oo sound prolonged or drawled. loe/i. etc. KILHWCH AND OLWEN TWRCH TRWYTH. firm of limb. L -^ is having grown to be a youth in the palace of his father. the daughter of Yspad- daden Penkawr. And his father inquired of him. THE FTV^ILHWCH. " What never has come over thee. cut thy hair. having a bridle of linked gold on his head. and the love of the maiden all diffused itself through his frame. So "Twrch Trwyth" like Toorch Trooweth." 40 The Boy's Mabinogion. Go. with shell- formed hoofs. who said to him]. " my son. ' ." And the youth pricked forth upon a steed with head dappled-gray." answered his father." "That "Arthur will is be easy for thee. OR. of four winters old. therefore." And the youth blushed. ' [Pronounced in two syllables "Kil-hoocli.'] . and the ch very guttural as in the vigorous utterance of Scotch German ach. the daughter of Yspaddaden Penkawr. and ask this of him as a boon. was one day sent for by his stepmother. although he had never seen her.

like four swallows in the about his head. His war-horn was of ivory. bearing a cross of inlaid gold of the hue the lightning of heaven. thou boldest not thy peace. 41 in the youth's And hand were two spears headed with steel. of an edge to wound the wind and cause blood the fall to flow. A of gold-hilted sword was upoiL his thigh. About him was a four-cornered of gold cloth of purple and an apple was at each corner.' is . hundred kine upon his and upon his stirrups. now above. small seems to will A wonderful bracing air blow through youth in all this description. . And the blade of grass bent not beneath him. three ells in length. and. " There ' " Is there a porter if . his four hoofs. as he journeyed towards the gate of Arthur's palace. sharp. Spoke the youth. And now . and every one kine. having strong collars of rubies about their necks reaching from the shoulder to the the left side ear. of the apples was of the value of an hundred And there was precious gold of the value of three his shoes. and upon him a saddle of costly gold. from knee to the tip of his toe. like and the one on the right to the and two sea-swallows sported around him. below. And the one that was on bounded across left. Before him were two brindled white-breasted greyhounds. to the right side. and swifter than of the dewdrop from the blade of reed-grass upon the earth when the dew of June is at the heaviest." Kilhwch and Olwen. the blade of which was of gold. The superb details make up really a typic picture of times and countries. so light was his courser's tread. his courser cast up four sods with air.' of silver. well-tempered.

to Esgair Oervel in Ireland. and half in of thine. " into the hall. and evil report upon thee. If thou dost not open it.? said Hast thou news from the gate " Half of tofore in my hfe is past. I was herein Kaer Se and Asse.'' Then Glewlwyd went to him. who goes upon his head to save his feet. during every other part of the year but is the office filled by Huandaw. to the Pengwaed and bottom of Dinsol in the north. and stone upon the floor of the Llaeskenym. I am Arthur's porter every first day of And." soever thou mayest make. bring disgrace upon thy lord." 42 be thy welcome. "against the laws of Arthur's palace. and Pennpingyon." it. and the drink .?" in the The knife is is meat. is in the horn. but the son of a king of a privileged country. shalt thou not enter therein. like a rolling court. and Gogigwc. January. from the top in Cornwall. or a craftsman bringing his craft. " That will I not do. The Boy's Mabinogion. until I first go and speak " What clamor with Arthur. Lotor . I And will set up three shouts at this very gate. the gate. and there revelry in Arthur's hall and none maiy enter therein." "Open the portal." Said the youth. than which of none were ever more deadly. it is If thou openest I will well. this." said GlewIwyd Gavaelvawr. Sach and Salach." " I will not open "Wherefore " not. And Arthur .

until food and drink can be prepared for him." is in the wind and the Said Kai. handsome men. . blessed Kai. And every one that beholds the eye. 43 Great and I have been heretofore . I behold a man of equal dignity with him who now at the door of the portal. would'st not break through the laws of the court because of him.." Then said Arthur. It is an honor to us to be will re- sorted to and the greater our courtesy the greater be our renown. others with unbecoming to collops cooked and peppered. and Fotor ." And Glewlwyd came to the gate. " follow By the hand of my friend. and our glory. and in the islands of Corsica. saw we never did is there. some with gold- mounted drinking-horns. and was present when formerly thou didst slay the family of Clis the son of Merin. in India the I was in the battle of Dau Ynyr. and in Africa. if thou would'st my counsel. return thou running." " Not so. let and every one that opens and shuts the respect. thou. It is keep such a man as thou sayest he rain. and I in Caer Brythwch and Brythach and Verthach . Greece and I have been in . light. " If walking thou didst enter in here. and Caer Nevenhyr nine but supreme sovereigns. and our fame. them show him and serve him . and when thou . and opened the gate . and when thou didst slay Mil didst conquer Du the son of in the East in Ducum. when the twelve hostages were brought from Llychlyn and India the Lesser and and I have also been in Europe. Caer Oeth and Annoeth. Kilhwch and Olwen.

" also. Name what thou ." " I would that thou bless my hair. if I will requite thee.quarters of the world. I will bear forth thy dispraise to the four . him . 'and Rhongomyant. as long as thou remainest here. yet did he not dismount. although all dismounted upon the horse- block at the gate. but rode in upon no his charger. And . to I consume meat and seek. I came not here And. warriors. my wife. and Gwenhwyvar. my shield. my lance. "Sit thou between two strels before of my . wilt. and the rain moistens. and Carnwenhau. my dagger. " Since thou wilt not Then tongue remain here. and thou shalt have min- thee and thou shalt enjoy the privileges of a king born to a throne. if I obtain the boon that thee. sovereign ruler of this island less and be this greeting unto the lowest than unto the highest. Then said Kilhwch. thee. save only my ship. my sword. and scissors whereof the loops were of silver." said Arthur. " drink it . "Greeting unto thee. and. and and Caledvwlch. wind dries. chieftain. as far as thy renown has extended. and the sea encircles. and Wynebgwrthucher. and he combed his hair. thou shalt receive the boon whatsoever thy as far as the may name." And Arthur took a golden comb." " That shall be granted thee.44 before The Boy's Mabinogion." Said the youth." said Arthur. and the sun revolves. " Greeting be unto . and extol I have not. it but. and the earth extends my mantle.

.

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if he the top of the highest level plain mountain in the world.Kilhwch and Olwen. therefore. that thou obtain for me Ol^yen. they : when Arthur and for a his came before a would seek narrow place where they might pass the water. the daughter of Yspaddaden Penkawr . the son of Prince Kelyddon by Goleuddydd my mother. . " I am Kilhwch. and it would form a bridge sufHcient for the armies of the three islands of Britain. Gwadyn Ossol. with their and Gilla Goes Hydd (he would clear three hun: dred acres at one bound he) . then. and would lay the sheathed dagger across the torrent. Arthur inquired of 45 him who he was. and Geraint the son of Erbin. the soles of his feet emitted sparks of fire when they struck upon things hard. the chief leaper of Ireland was Sol." is "That what true. "Thou art my cousin. the daughter of Prince Anlawdd. and of the three islands adjacent. broad dagger torrent. and I this boon it I likewise seek at the hands of thy warriors." come of my Tell me. be may that thy tongue shall name. thee. the son of Kilydd. I "For my heart warms unto blood. and Osla Gyllellvawr (who bore a hosts short." " I crave of thee. spoil) . and know that thou art art." said Arthur. Whatsoever boon thou mayest it it ask. who thou " I will tell thee. like the heated mass when drawn out of the forge he cleared the way for Arthur would become a under his feet : . Gwadyn Odyeith. and Gwadyn Odyeith (Sol all could stand stood upon it day upon one foot . and Gwadyn Ossol. seek from Kai. thou shalt receive." said the youth.

he . the son Erim (unto these three : men belonged these three qualities with Henbedestyr there was not any one who could keep pace. either on horseback or on foot . 46 The Boys Mabinogion. the son of Erim of and Yscawndroed. Clust.. with footed beast could run the distance of an acre. Brys. went along the tops of of the trees) and Hueil. and Henbedestyr. (on the day that he was he would let one of his lips drop below his waist. shoot the wren through the two legs upon . the son of Bryssethach (from the Hill of the Black Fernbrake in North Britain) . the son Bwlch and Kyfwlch and Sefwlch. while he turned up the other like a cap upon his head). and Gwevyl. and as Henwas Adeinawg. Uchtryd Varyf Draws (who spread his red untrimmed beard over the eight and forty rafters which were in Arthur's hall) . . of Llyr the chief of the bards and Manawyddan. the son of Clustveinad (though earth. the ..in Ireland) and Henwas Adeinawg. to when he came Gwestad any stoppage) . the son at the . the sons of Cleddyf Kyfwlch (their three shields were three gleaming glit- . Esgeir Oervel son of Erim Sgilti . the son of sad. no fourmuch less to Sgilti Yscawndroed. the son of Methredydd (from Gelli Wic he could. could go beyond it . (he never yet made a request hand of any and Taliesin. when lord. if his way lay through a wood. he were buried seven cubits beneath the the ant fifty he would hear miles off rise from her nest in the morning) Medyr. in a twinkling. he intended to go upon a message for his he never sought to find a path. Kaw lord) . but knowing whither he was to go.

and Cavall their three horses. because of his beauty . the daughter Urien Rheged . Arthur's hwyvar. Gorascwrn the daughter of Nerth. had he upon him like the hair of a stag) . ." . Lluched and Neved and Eissiwed their three daughters. for the sake of the golden- chained daughters of this island its — for the sake of Gwenand chief lady. . and Sandde in the battle Bryd Angel (no one touched him with a spear of Camlan. the only daughter of Clemenhill. and Rhele- mon. Call. Cuall. the son of Tegid (no one struck him in the battle of Camlan by reason of hair all thought he was an auxiliary devil his ugliness . and Gwennhwyach. Drwg . . .! the I daughter of Lludd Llaw Ereint Welsh name out of "Creiddylad" ." who gives name to one of the Mabi- nogion). Eheubryd the daughter of Kyfwlch. their three handmaids.. is the old is which the English tongue has made of " Cordelia " and this lady no other than the loving daughter King Lear. Lear's is name in the Welsh originals lying far back beyond Shakspere's play sometimes " Llyr " (as in " Manawyddan. . Hwyrdyddwd and Drwgdyddwd and Llwyrdyddwg their three wives. the son of Llyr. and Gwaeth and Gwaethav Oil . Morvudd. . and sometimes. as here. Och and Garym and Diaspad their three grandchildren. Kilhwch and Olwen. "Lludd Llaw Ereint. (she Creiddylad. 47 their three spears were three pointed piercers their three swords Glessic. were three griding gashers. of Kynvelyn Keu- dawd Pwyll the half-man) and Morvran. the daughter of Gwenllian Deg. the majestic maiden. all thought he was a ministering angel) and Glwyddyn Saer (who constructed hall) . Ehangwen. Rathtyeu. and Gleisad their three dogs. — Glas. her sister. terers . of Kai. Ewaedan the daughter .

as ." may Kilhwch to recites serve as examples. dominions to seek for the maiden and at the end of the year Arthur's messengers returned without having gained any knowledge or intelligence concerning Olwen. was the most splendid maiden of the mighty. 48 The Boy's Mabinogion. more than on the first day. and bear away thy honor with me. all. and in the three islands adjacent her. but not which he adds some parenthetic description." and " Drustwrn Hayarn. " I will willingly grant from this night to that at the end of the year to do so." ' It would be the grossest injustice to tlie tliis tongue and tiie memory of our astound- ing Kilhwch not to mention carefully at point that the names of Arthur's warriors and attendants which ing list I have here given form but a small portion of the truly surprisin the original story." youth said. and Gwynn of Nudd. have given them. These amount tlie more than two hundred and there is no risk whatever in saying that like strain as in the repro- resources of the English alphabet have never met with a duction of them presented by Lady Guest." Then Arthur sent messengers to every land within his . son of Kilydd. and yet lack mine.. . adjure to obtain his boon. which he actually pours forth to he stands before the king. "Everyone I will has received his boon. fight every first of ' May until the day of doom). too. Give me time to And the seek her. and for the son Gwythyr the son these of Greidawl. Then I said Kilhwch. in the three islands ." and "Glewlwyd Gavaelvawr." and " Gwrhyr Gwarthegvras. depart. said Arthur." And Then but all did Kilhwch. I I have selected these." and "Lloch Llawwynnyawc." and "Esgeir Gulhwch Govynkawn. " Uchtryd Ardywad Kad. nor of her kindred gladly send messengers in search of her. " O chieftain ! I have never heard of the maiden of I will whom thou speakest. in a different order from that of the original. most of these without comment.

" Go thou this expedition with the chieftain. to light their fire. And Arthur upon called to Kynddelig the guide. exist nine ni'ghts and he could sleep. . and nine days without A wound from subtle Kai's sword no physician could Very was Kai. when his com- was' to them as fuel with which And Arthur to called Bedwyr. who never shrank from any None was equal him in swiftness throughout this island. Kai had this peculiarity. and a handbreadth below. it his hand . And. panions were coldest. and. that breath lasted nine nights and nine days under water. and we will not part until thou dost confess thA" the maiden exists not in the world. heal. Then Arthur ? 49 said Kai. three warriors could not shed blood faster than he on the field of battle. as the highest tree in the : And he had ariother peculiarity it so great was the heat of his nature that. enterprise upon which Kai was bound._when rained hardest." ''JJhereupon Kai rose up. although he was one- handed. Another property he had equal to : his lance would produce a wound those of nine opposing lances. except Arthur and Drych Ail Kibddar. tall When it pleased him.Kilhwch and Olwen. or until we hiS' obtain her. he could render himself as forest. " Rash chieftain ! dost thou reproach Go with us. what- ever he carried remained dry for a handbreadth above." For as good a guide was he in a land which he had never seen as he was in his own.

dead trees and bushes in the plain he burnt with his breath down to the very ground. called all He knew Gwrhyr Gwalstawt . And a rug mound there was a herdsman keepmade of skins was upon him . They journeyed until they came to a vast. And.. mastiff. open castle. He called Gwalchmai. wherein they saw a great the castles of the world. leithoedd. in they went into a savage country he might over them. whilst they could see every one.because he never returned home without achieving the adventure of which he went in quest.50 The Bdy^s Mabinogion. . jovirneyed. And the second and the third day they far. and. He let no occasion All the ever pass without doing some hurt and harm.. And upon the top of a ing the sheep. they were no nearer to than they had been in the morning. and the best son of knights. He was the best He was nephew to of of footmen Arthur. and even then scarcely could they reach so castle. old. plain. when they came before the flock of sheep. the son illusion Teirgwaedd. until the which was the fairest of And they journeyed that day ' evening . they beheld a vast which was boundless and without an end. so that none charm and an might see them. larger lost than a steed Never had he even a lamb from much less a large sheep. And Arthur order that cast a if called Menw. when they thought they were nigh it to the castle. and by his side was a shaggy nine winters his flock. the of his sister and his cousin. the son of Gwyar. because he tongues.

go thou. None who ever came And. Said thither Menw. " thyself. the ring. arose. and salute yonder man. " when it was given and she Whence ." And the herdsman rose up." And was . but it And for he sought to put on : was too small him so he placed it in the finger of his glove. "Fear not to go cast a spell for I will upon the dog. " ye. so that he shall injure no one.' because of my possessions. and gave the glove to his spouse to keep." said he. together." " Kai. she took the ring from said. the daughter of Yspaddaden Penkawr. come to seek Olwen. Through the whole world is it known • that this is the castle of Yspaddaden Penkawr." " the mercy of Heaven be upon you ! Do not that for the world. they went up to the and they said to ? mound whereon the herdsman him. Kilhwch gave unto him a ring of gold. '' Olweii. truly. my brother Yspaddaden Penkawr oppressed me . the glove And her." answered Kai. 51 Gwrhyr Gwalstawt leithoedd." and "And who art thou?" " I am called Custennin. as he hither on this quest has returned alive." I engaged not to go farther than thou " Let us go then. also — who are ye We are an O men all ! embassy from Arthur." " Kilhwch and Then said Kai. And he went home. . the son of Teirgwaedd. " Whose are the sheep that does yonder castle belong ? thou dost keep and to whom " Stupid are ye. And the son of Dyfnedig .

" "And who is he . because she had never known any one depart alive quest. said he. And from take this ring. when she heard that. and she it so that ! it became a twisted coil. "if thou hadst squeezed me thus. " Kilhwch.". and sorrow. this body. who is come to seek Olwen as his wife. when she met them. Kai snatched a billet And Kai squeezed placed the log between her two hands. none could ever again have set their affections on me. the son of Kilydd. and. lo." " O man O wife ! does the sea permit its dead to wear jewels . "O woman " said Kai. when she heard out of the their footsteps approaching. who had come on that And they went forward to the gate of Custennin. " then.52 The Boy^s Mabinogion. she ran out with joy to meet them. Evil love were this. she sought to throw her arms about their necks. the herdsman's dwelling. I saw a corpse borne by the waves. the daughter of Prince Anlawdd.'" asked the woman. her feelings were divided sister. "to the sea to seek for fish. And. be- tween the joy that she had that her nephew. than it And its a fairer corpse finger did I did I never behold." ! him to whom this ring belonged thou shalt see here in the evening. the son of Prince Kelyd- don by Goleuddydd. And." . this ring? came For thou art not wont to have good fortune. his mother." And." "I went.• Show me. And pile. the son of her was coming to her.

have no more hope one than of the others." be seen " " that we will riot return until Said Kai. that is I know that him." " This not his own crime thus visited upon is but a remnant." Then said the woman. 5*3 into the house. "Upon what errand come you here We come to seek Olwen for this youth. she leaves rings. " it is a pity to hide this youth. " Let him come and be a companion I with me. since no one from the castle hath yet seen you." Heaven is our witness. and she never either comes to wash her head all and. soon they all went forth amuse themselves." Then said Kai.'' woman asked them. Then the woman opened hair. so that she . " Three and and I twenty of my sons has Yspaddaden Penkawr of this slain. They entered after. to fetch them. in the vessel where she washes.' may She comes here every Saturday. return again whence you came." said the woman. And the ." also am slain And " they ate." " . a stone chest that was before the chimneyit corner. " Does she ever come hither. and. herself." " Will she come here if she is sent to " } . " In the name of Heaven. or her sends any messengers. to and were served. and out of arose a youth with yellow curling It is Said Gwrhyr. Kilhwch and OLwen. we have seen the maiden. and he shall not be slain unless with him.

maiden! thou art she whom I have loved. only until the time of be. lest they speak evil of thee and of me. Come away with me. and foremost bench. And Kilhwch said unto her." " I cannot do this for I have pledged my faith to my . the glance of the three-mewed falcon. Many a day have I loved thee. Unless you will pledge me " you will not harm her. The maiden was clothed in a robe of flame-colored silk collar of . I will not send to her. her cheek was redder than the filled reddest roses. nor will I betray those that trust me. More yellow was her and her skin was whiter were her hands and head than the flower of the broom ." We pledge it. sat beside Kilhwch. Four white trefoils sprung up wherever she And therefore was she called Olwen. breast of the white Her bosom was more snowy than the swan . and about her neck was a ruddy gold. So a message was sent and she came. on which were precious emeralds and than the foam of the wave rubies. 54 " The Boy's Mabinogion. and fairer her fingers than the blossoms of the wood-anemone amidst the spray of the meadow fountain. "Ah. Whoso beheld her was with her love." said they. upon the And as soon as he saw her he knew her. . for his life will last is it. Heaven knows your faith that that I will not destroy my soul. father not to go without his counsel. The eye of the trained hawk. my espousals. trod. She entered the house. But I will give thee advice.. was not brighter than hers. thou wilt take . if Whatever must Go.

and they all rose up. And they slew the nine watch-dogs." They threw it.'' my eyes. and that which he wilt obtain thee. ask 55 shall require of if me of my it. and if it will thou escape with thy all this. And Bedwyr Then he said." " " said they. in silence. which. Cursed be the . This poisoned iron pains me like the bite of a gadfly. son-in-law. the son of Prince Kelyddon. and flung it and pierced Yspaddaden Penkawr grievously with " through the knee. father." promise occasion offer. " Come hither to-morrow. And they went forward to the hall. rose to go fortlj . and you shall have an answer. without one of them barking. " ." "Where are forks beneath my pages and my servants Raise up the my two eyebrows. and it after them. She returned to her chamber. And they slew the nine porters that were at the nine gates. but. and shall ever be without a cure. the son of Kilydd. thou wilt not obtain me. that I may see the fashion of my.' be unto thee And you — wherefore come you to ask thy We come daughter Olwen for Kilhwch. have fallen over . "The greeting of Heaven and of man Yspaddaden Penkawr. and followed her to the castle. truly ! A cursed ungentle his rude- I shall ever walk the worse for ness." And they did so. thou deny be well him any for thee " I thing." said he. caught it..Kilhwch mid Olwen. and Yspaddaden Penkawr seized one of the three poisoned darts that lay beside him. if life. son-in-law. grant and thou me .

" And me And they went to meat. and entered the hall . leech. so that came out small of his back. A cursed ungentle son-in-law. truly iron pains at the " ! " The hard me like the bite of a horseit Cursed be the hearth whereon was heated. fee. they arrayed themselves in haste. to them. " We will go to meat." " Be it so. unless said returned to the palace. The next and they in day. with the dawn. " Yspaddaden of Penkawr. And. And the third day they Yspaddaden Penkawr again. at it the son of Gwaedd. which we pay to thee and wilt two kinswomen said. Where are my attend-- . unless thou do thou shalt meet with thy death on her account. and ! the anvil whereon it was wrought So sharp is it That night of also they took up their abode in the house Custennin the herdsman. who ! forged it." ' 56 smith The Boy's Mabinogion. said he. and shall often loathe my breath. and wounded him in the centre of the breast. in whenever and a pain go up a in hill. he took the second dart that was be- side him. and cast it. my food. " likewise. caught and flung " back him. give us thy daughter consideration will her dower and her maiden to her so." Then he Her four great-grandmothers and her : four great-grandsires are yet alive it is needful that I take counsel of them." As they rose up. and proceeded to the castle. it And Menw." answered they. I have a scant my chest. said. and ! the smith who formed I it ! So sharp shall I is it Henceforth. "Shoot not at you desire death. it after them.

thou wilt not give her. " Is it thou that seekest my daughter " It "I ." Kilhwch and Olwen. and said. Whenever go against the wind.that which name. and shall fire in have a giddiness every new moon. and.' is I. and. my eyes I and peradventure my head burn. will water. Where is he that seeks my daughter And they placed him in a chair I may see thee. and even more." where " . ! A cursed ungentle son-inalive. As long as I I remain my will eyesight will be the worse. my daughter thou shalt have. that I may as see the fashion of my son- in-law. it. truly eyeball so that the dart came out at the back of his head." answered Kilhwch. Cursed be the is which it was forged ! Like the bite of a mad dog the stroke of this poisoned iron. " Shoot not at us any more. wilt not I must have thy pledge that thou is just. Give me thy daughter. thou shalt receive thy death because of her." And they went to meat. Said Yspaddaden Penkawr." . and cast it at them." Come hither. and wounded him through the law." Then they arose .' face to face with him. they did so. over my eyeballs. do towards me otherwise than I shall when have gotten. unless thou desirest such hurt and harm and torture as thou now if hast.. And Kilhwch caught and threw " vigorously. ants ? 57 which have fallen Lift up the forks of my eyebrows. Yspaddaden it Penkawr took the third poisoned dart. and. And they the next day they came again to the palace.

and in one day that the grain ripen." free will." . to plough the wild land yonder stoutly. and thou wilt not be able to compel him. there yet that which or prepare this will not No husbandman can till land. to compass this." "Though thou get this. food and liquor fit for the wedding of thee and my daughter. and that be ploughed and sown in one day." said he. — the two dun oxen own yet that which thou of Gwlwlyd. be easy for thee. is it." is Though be this so. and thou wilt not be "It will be easy for me to compass this. And of that wheat I intend to make." 58 " I The Boy's Mabinogion. promise thee that willingly." " It will be easy for me this. so wild except Amaethon." said Kilhwch. both yoked together." " It will be easy for me to compass this. he will not come with thee by his own free will." it " Seest thou yonder vast require that be rooted up. and that the grubbings it be burned for manure on the face of the land. there is wilt not get. the son of Don and ." " Name hill } what thou "I see " I " I will do so." there is Though thou get wilt not get. The yellow and the together do I yet that which thou brindled bull yoked require. although thou mayest think that " it will not be easy. wilt. He will not give them of his able to compel him. although thou And all this I require done in one day. it. mayest think that " it will not be easy.

although thou mayest think that it will not "Though thou get this. do make bragget it for the feast." " It will be easy for me to compass be easy. I require to have the flax to sow in the new land yonder. that when it grows up it may. the son of Llwyryon. there yet that which thou of — the two-horned oxen." this. require to yet that which thou times sweeter than the I honey of the virgin swarm. nine bushels of flax were sown therein. and the other peaked mountain. neither white nor black. get this.' their sins." to " It will be easy for me compass Be easy." Though thou get it. And these are Nynniaw and Peibiaw. without scum and bees. for " to compass is this. Seest thou yonder red-tilled ground "I see "When first I met the mother and of this maiden." "Though thou wilt not get. . and none has yet sprung up." is this. which is of the utmost value. although thou mayest think that " will not The vessel of Llwyr. " It will be easy for 59 me to compass is this. make a white wimple for my daughter's head on the day of thy wedding." this. one this side of." Kilhwch and Olwen. yoked together in the same plough." whom God me turned into oxen on account of " It will be easy. I have the measure by me still. there Honey that is nine wilt not get. » There is no other vesssl in the world See the story of Nynniaw and Peibiaw in tlje Introduction. there yet that which thou ? wilt not get. the which is beyond.

— the horn of Gwlgawd Gododin." " It will be easy for compass this. and thou canst not compel him." is Though thou get this." is "Though thou wilt not get. his He will give it to no one own free will. not give it with liquor that night. although thou mayest think that it will not be easy. although thou mayest think that it will not be easy. it When itself. thrice nine time.a man he desires that should play. and thou wilt not be able to compel him. there yet that which thou wilt ." is "Though thou wilt not get. ." " It will be easy for me to compass this. He will me to of his own free and thou wilt not be able to compel him." " It will be easy for me this. there yet that which thou — the harp of Teirtu to play to us that night. will. it it does so of it and when he desires that this should cease ceases. get this. although thou mayest think that " it will not be easy." there is Though thou get yet that which thou to serve us wilt not get. require to eat therefrom on the night that my of daughter becomes thy bride. there of yet that which thou Garanhir. the men meat that each I of them desired would be found within it.6o The lipy^s Mabinogion. although thou mayest think that " it will not be easy. to compass this. get it. If — the basket Gwyddneu the at a whole world should come together. And will not give of his own free will." "It will be easy for me to compass this. get this. Of his free will thou wilt not that can hold this drink. and thou canst not compel him.

North Britain are under he will not sway and of his own come out of his kingdom.Kilhwcyi not get. to boil the Odgar the son Aedd. except Gado of North Britain. must spread out my and it will never be spread out unless have the blood ." is "Though thou wilt not get. there yet that which thou There. trevs of free will wilt not Now his the threescore Can. 6i — the caldron of of Diwrnach Wyddel." is this. although thou mayest think that it will not be easy." "Though thou wilt not get. -except Odgar the son compass there is of Aedd. the steward of Ireland." " It will be easy for me to this. is no one in the world that can pluck out of his head. get this. of and Olwen. although thou ma. King meat for thy marriage-feast." " It will be easy for me to compass be easy.it get this." is "Though thou wilt not get." " It will be easy for me to compass this. It . there is yet that which thou to needful for I me wash my I head. there yet that which thou wilt hair in order to shave I it. although thou mayest think that it will not be easy. neither shall profit Benbaedd to shave myself its by use it be not plucked alive out of his head. King of Ireland. not get. and shave my if beard and require the tusk of Yskithyrwyn withal." " It will be easy for me to compass this. get this. yet that which thou I will not trust any one to keep the tusk.yest think that " it will not Though thou I get this. and thou be able to compel him. .

" is "Though thou wilt not get. put into them in the And he will not give to them of his own free will. will." " It will be easy for me to compass be easy." " It will be easy for me to compass this. and thou wilt not be able compel him. there yet that which thou wilt is- not get. the son of Prince Tared. The Boy's Mdhinogion. And he will not give them of his and thou wilt not be able to compel him." . ^ of the jet black sorceress. will not have the blood. and thou wilt not be able to compel him. wherein no liquor ever free turns sour. there is yet that which thou wilt Some will desire fresh milk and it will not be not get. I get this. except the bottles of Gwyddolwyn is Gorr. ." " It will be easy for it me to compass be easy. which preserve the heat of the liquor that east until they arrive at the west. there yet that which thou I. unless will have it warm . although thou mayest think that " it will not Though thou get this. there which I not a comb or of scissors with its can arrange my hair. on account rankness. although thou mayest think that " will not Though thou get this. from Pen Nant Govid on the confines of Hell. Throughout the world. not give them of his own free will." this. although thou mayest think that it will not be easy. and no vessels keep warm the liquid that is put therein. . the daughter of the pure white sorceress. unless we have own the Rhinnon Rhin Barnawd.62 . except the the two ears of He will comb and scissors that are between Twrch Trwyth. possible to have fresh milk for bottles of all." is this.

thou mayest think that " it will not be easy. not be easy. It will not be possible to hunt Twrch Trwyth." there is Though thou get yet that which thou wilt is not get." is this. get there yet that which thou wilt — the chain of Kilydd Canhastyr." " Though thou get this. there yet that which thou wilt is not get. although. there is yet that which thou wilt not get. Throughout the world there this dog." " It will be easy for me to compass be easy. Throughout the world there not a leash that can hold him. except the collar of Canhastyr Canllaw. the son He is was taken from it his mother when three he' nights old. although thou mayest think that " will this. this. except the leash of Cwrs Cant Ewin. Mabon.Kilhwch and Olwen." " It will be easy for me to compass this. the son of Eri. nor whether he living or dead. " It will be easy for 63 although thou me to compass this. except not a huntsman of who can hunt with Modron. may est think that it will not be easy." " It will be easy for me to compass this. without Drudwyn. and is not known where now is. the whelp of Greid." is Though thou get this. "Though thou not get." there is "Though thou get not get." . yet that which thou wilt is Throughout the world there no collar that will hold the leash." " It will be easy for it me to compass this. although thou mayest think that it will not this. to fasten the collar to the leash. although thou mayest think that it will not be easy.

there yet that which thou wilt of not get. He is his cousin. although thou mayest think that " it will not this. wilt not be able to to compel him.64 " It will The Boy's Mabinogion. of Ireland thou. mayest think that " it will not not get. For it would be useless to seek for him. it yet that which thou wilt And the leash will be of no avail. the only one that can hold those two cubs. for that — a leash made from the beard of Dissull Varvawc. although thou mayest think that will not "Though not get. and twitched out with wooden he will not suffer this to While he lives. of that is as swift as the wave. his kinsman in blood. Though thou is get there not get.get this. the son of Aer. the son will not give Modron. the horse He and thou Gweddw. Though thou get this. is alive. although thou mayest think that " will not Though thou get this. — Gwynn Mygdwn. to carry to hunt the boar Trwyth. that which thou wilt for it is not known where he unless thou find Eidoel. is. Mabon." is this. of his him own free will. unless be plucked from his beard while he tweezers." this. there is yet Thou wilt not get Mabon." will "It be easy for it me to compass be easy." although thou " It will be easy for me compass be easy." " It will be easy for me to compass be easy." is this. be ." is this. be easy for it me to compass be easy. there yet that which thou wilt is Garselit the Gwyddelian : the chief huntsman with- the Twrch Trwyth can never be hunted out him.

the Until Gilennhin. done to him." " It will be easy for me to compass this. although thou mayest think that " will not this. the King of France. the son of Hettwn Glafyrawc." there is Though thou get yet that which thou wilt not get. except Kynedyr Wyllt.Kilhwch and Olwen. because " It will be brittle.. except Du." is this. will they should destroy the present race. 65 And it the leash will be of no use. neither wilt thou ever get my daughter. not be easy. although thou mayest think that " will not Though thou There get this. although thou mayest think that " it will this. the son Nudd." is this. He it never be spared thence." be easy for it me to compass be easy. He is nine times more wild than the wildest beast upon the mountains. shall come." " It will be easy for me to compass be easy. Him wilt thou never " It will get. should he will be dead. Throughout the world there no huntsman that can hold those two whelps. there yet that which thou wilt not out It is not possible to hunt the boar Trwyth with of Gwynn. although thou mayest think that " will not this. be unseemly . Though thou get there yet that which thou wilt is not get. the horse of Mor of Oerveddawg. Though thou get get. It will Twrch Trwyth cannot be hunted." is this. not a horse in the world that can carry Gwynn to hunt the Twrch Trwyth." be easy for it me to compass be easy. whom God lest has placed over the brood of devils in Annwn. there is yet that which thou wilt not get.

get this. the grandsons of Cleddyf Difwlch. unless thou get Aned and Aethlem." " It will be easy for me to compass be easy. there is yet that which thou The Twrch Trwyth can never be hunted without the son of Alun Dyved he is well skilled in letwilt not get." " It will be easy for me to compass this. although thou mayest think that it will not "Though thou get this." " It will be easy for me to compass be easy.66 for The Boy's Mabinogion. They are as swift as the gale of wind. although thou mayest think that it will not "Though thou wilt not get." to " It will be easy for me compass be easy. him to leave his kingdom for thy sake. there is yet that which thou wilt not get. that they did not kill him. there yet that which thou to — Arthur He is and his companions hunt the Twrch Trwyth. there yet that which thou unless The Twrch Trwyth cannot be hunted. although thou mayest think that it will not "Though thou wilt not get." "Though thou get this. and he will not for thee. Their three spears are three . : ting loose the dogs. Their three shields are three gleampointed ing glitterers. thou get Bwlch and Kyfwlch [and Sefwlch]. The Twrch Trwyth cannot be hunted. neither wilt thou be able to compel him. and they were never let loose upon a beast." this. come a mighty man." is this. get this. and he will never come hither." is this. although thou mayest think it will not be' easy.

not give either for a price or as a gift and thou wilt never be able to compel him. there yet that which thou Difficulties shalt this. the daughter shall of Kynall These three men sound the horn. thou meet with. Glessic." " It will be easy for me this." is "Though thou get wilt not "get. although thou mayest think that it will not be easy." . and the others shall shout.Kilkwch and Olwen." ." " It will be easy for me to compass be easy. Gwrnach the Giant Of his he will never be slain except therewith. so that is all will think that the sky falling to the earth. to compass this. if without sleep. Hwyrdydwg and DrwTheir three wives. and nights and. thou obtain it not. in seeking neither shalt thou obtain " Horses shall. Their three grandchildren. Drwg and Gwaeth and Gwaethav Oil. Their three dogs. And gain thy daughter. and chivalry and my lord and kinsman Arthur I shall will obtain for me all these things. although thou mayest think that it will not "Though thou wilt not get. . and thou shalt lose thy life. and Cavall. Och and Garam and Diaspad. will own free will he . Their three handmaids [Eheubryd." is this. the daughter of Nerth velyn]. I have. Their three horses. and Clersag. piercers. Lluched and Vyned and Eissiwed. gdydwg and Llwyrdydwg. Their three daughters. there of yet that which thou : — the sword it. the daughter of Kyfwlch. my daughter. Gorasgwrn. and Gwaedan. Cuall. 67 Their three swords are three griding gashers. Glas. Call. get this.

castle. and then they beheld a vast world. And thou. 1 Said Gwi^hyr Is there a porter if "There " is. and no one may enter therein." "What treatment is there for guests and strangers that " ! alight in that castle " ? O chieftain." Whose castle is that " asked they. wherefore dost thou Open the gate. unless craft." " I will not open "Wherefore " The knife wilt is thou not ? in the meat. thou shalt have my daughter for thy wife. Heaven protect thee ! No guest ever re- turned thence alive. and there is revelry in the hall of Gwrnach the Giant. a black man. and the drink is in the horn.' they spoke unto him " " Whence comest . It is the castle of Gwrnach the Giant. truly. or raiment for And thou shalt not be chargeable for food my daughter while thou art seeking these hast compassed all things . men of this world. thy tongue be not mute in call ? thy head. " Stupid are ye. O man From the castle which you see yonder. and." All that day they journeyed until the evening." it. " gate. huger than three of the castle." " " "" 68 " The Boy's Mabinogion. came out from the And ." he brings with him his Then they proceeded towards the Gwalstawd leithoedd. O men There is no one in the world that does not know to whom this castle belongs. when thou these marvels. Go forward. and . which was the largest in the And : lo.' thou.

" in . And a chair was placed for him opposite to Gwrnach." then said Kai. And Kai went in by himself. " O man is it true ! that is reported of thee.' of swords am I in the world. and could find no one." said he " "and one me that he was well skilled in the burnishing of swords. And Gwrnach said to him. if they possessed any art." nish swords "I know full well how of answered Kai." "Didst thou inquire of them . } — that thou knowest how to burto do so." Let this man enter. then. "my craft bring I with me." " " Kilhwch and Olwcn. and he saluted Gwrnach the Giant. to him." What is thy craft "The best burnisher " . There and Gwrnach said to him. and I bring thee an answer. . and opened the gate. porter. Then was the sword Gwrnach brought And Kai took a blue whetstone from under his arm. and asked him whether he would have it burnished white or blue. since he brings with him his The porter thereupon returned. except for a craftsman 6g who brings his craft the gate will not be opened to-night. . For some time have I sought for some one to polish my sword.'" told "I did inquire." "Verily." We have need of him.' " Hast thou any news from the gate I is a party at the door of the gate who desire to come in. craft. So the porter went " have." " I will go and tell this unto will Gwrnach the Giant.

that they might slay those who lodged therein. and shaft again. all Thou hast done this thou art the best of men. and draw blood from the wind." Who may he be ? " Let the porter go forth. And " his companions said unto the son : Custennin." I "O " noble sir! have a companion. because that Kai and Bedwyr had gone And all his a young man who was with them. with if it "Do would'st as it seems good to thee. and put 1 Then Kai his hand. And he caused companions to keep close to him as he passed the three wards." polished one-half of the blade." yo The Boy's Mabinogion. without. and I will tell him whereby descend he may know its him. unknown to the Giant." And nin. The head of his lance will leave its will shaft." upon Then the gate was opened. And Kai said. me not man as thou should be without a companion. and until he came into the midst of of the castle. got in also. it in " Will this please thee all " asked he. " I would rather than it that is in my It is dominions that a marvel to the whole of that such a were like unto this. " Bedwyr is very skilful. ." And there was much discourse among those who were in. although he knows not this art. the only son of Custen- nin the herdsman. and Bedwyr entered. and as thou it were thine own. the son of Custen- Then they dispersed to their lodgings. albeit he is skilled in this art. thenceforth he was called Goreu.

and Kai gave it unto the hand of Gwrnach the Giant. And again on the same day. 71 The sword was now polished. they came before the Castle of Glivi stood on the where Eidoel of his castle. to see if he were pleased with his work. And the Giant said." Then Arthur until rose up. summit and and he said. and took from what goods and jewels they would.ese marvels will be best for us to seek first " It will be bgst. and he will not be found. and cut off his head at one blow. was imprisoned. " sword. and the sword in the other hand. have put the sword into the scabbard . at the beginning of the year. it to me. " to. since nothing remains to me in this fortress. Gwrnach Now. Arthur it " Which ? of th. seek Mabon. bearing with them the sword of the Giant. his kinsman. "Arthur. the son of first find Modron ." said they. when they said. And it he came and stood over against the Giant. and the warriors of the islands of . that in may take out the wooden and put new ones. Britain with him. told Arthur how they had sped. sides of It is thy scabbard that hath rusted thy I Give it. it Then they despoiled the castle. what requirest thou of me. the son of Aer." And he took the scab- bard from him. unless we Eidoel." Kilhwch and Olwen." Said Kai. to seek for Eidoel and they proceeded Glivi. " The work is good : I am content therewith. as if he would he and with struck at the head of the Giant. I have neither . they came to Arthur's court.

are in quest have hope of whatever adventure ye it. for thou languages. but to seek for the prisoner that " I will give thee to give with thee. I And as for you. all go upon quest . go thou home : thou canst not proceed with thy host in quest of such small adventures as these. And Gwrhyr adjured her for the sake of Heaven. oughtest likewise to go with my men of. Kai and Bedwyr. it." They went forward until they came to the Ousel of Cilgwri. was then a And is from that time no work has been done it. and bird." I my prisoner. " Tell of me if thou knowest aught of Mabon. when three nights his from between mother and the wall. Eidoel. in search of thy cousin." And young upon the Ousel answered. that ye will achieve Achieve ye this adventure for me. the son old. Modron. "When I first I came here." Then knowest birds said Arthur. save the pecking of not so my beak every evening . and now there much as the size of a nut remaining . who was taken. there was a smith's anvil in this place. and art familiar with those of the beasts. and the Thou. Gwrhyr this Gwalstawd leithoedd.72 The Boy's Mabinogion." to injure thee is Said Arthur. saying. "Not came I hither. though aid. joy nor pleasure in neitlier wheat nor oats ? Seek not therefore to do me harm. " It to were well for thee." had not thought him up to any one. and therewith shalt thou have my support and my His followers said unto Arthur. " Lord.

When first I came hither. son of Modron. . I you.? mother when plain three nights old said. being an embassy from Arthur. embassy from Arthur for we have not heard of any animal older than thou. And that oak has since perished it so that now nothing remains of that day to this of the I but the withered stump. There a race of animals who of were formed before me.' " knew. which grew up to be an oak with an hundred . And a race . his Knowest thou aught Mabon. thee. behold." of So they proceeded where was the Owl is Cwm Cawlwyd. during all have ever heard of the I man for is whom you right. The Stag all "When first 1 came hither. there was a around me. branches. if. And from never heard have been here inquire. who was taken from " . yet the vengeance of that time. we are come to . the son of Modron. will yet have I man for whom you I Nevertheless. after three nights. where there is be your guide to the place I an animal which was formed before to the place of was. thereof . the wide valley you see was a wooded glen. an to the place where was the Stag "Stag of Redynvre. inquire. Nevertheless it is will do that which and that which fitting that I is should do for an eriibasSy from Arthur. "jt." So they proceeded Redynvre. and I will be your guide to them. mother If I .. here of an em- bassy from Arthur. the from who was would tell taken." Kilhwch and Olwen. knowest thou aught of his Mabon. I Heaven be upon me. without any trees save one oak sapling. Say. " Owl Cwm Cawlwvd.

and to try to destroy him but he sent messengers. Unless he know somecannot tell thing of him whom you seek. an said. and was scarcely able from him. 74 of The Boy's Mabinogion. and to take made peace with me. Yet all this time. when And when went came into there. rooted this it up." mother when he was three nights The Eagle said. is. " Eagle of Gwern Abwy. — the Eagle of Gwrhyr thee. his who was taken from old." However. men came and ." Gwern Abwy. But he drew to escape me the deep. in search of food as far as Llyn Llyw. and the one that has travelled most. thou knowest aught of Mabon. I From I I that day to this the have been here. and have never heard of man for whom you inquire.. My wings. and when I first came hither there was a rock here. from the top of which I pecked at the stars every evening and now it is I not so much as a span high. until be the guide of ''Arthur's embassy you come to the place where is the oldest animal in this world. After that. we have come to ask thee if to embassy from Arthur. the son of Modron. whole kindred to attack him. are they not withered stumps until to-day. and came and besought me fifty fish-spears out of his back. I will guide you to the place where he . And is . I who may. except once. I went with my . I inquire. I struck my I talons into a salmon. even have never heard of the I will man for whom you Nevertheless.' there grew there a second wood and wood the third. " I have been here for a great space of time. thinking he would serve me as food for a long time.

who was taken away nights old from his mother." Then they went prisoned. So they went thither Llyn Llyw. to the . . With every come near tide go along the river upwards until I I to. the son " I of Modron.' or for gifts of wealth. I . and returned to Arthur. the son of Eri. Mabon. " and the Eagle Salmon of have come to thee with an embassy from if Arthur. or through battle and fighting I "By fighting will whatever may gain be obtained. thence. Said " ." " Hast thou hope any being released for gold. the son Modron. " " Alas ! Who there It is . the walls of Gloucester. and there have as I found such wrong never found elsewhere. to ask thee thou knowest aught concerning at three Mabon. the son of Modron. or for silver." So Kai and Gwrhyr Gwalstawd leithoedd went upOn the two shoulders of the salmon." As much as I know I will tell thee." Gwrhyr. was im- And Arthur summoned the warriors of the and they journeyed as far as Gloucester. is it is that laments in this house of stone is reason enough for whoever of here to is lament. and they told him where Mabon. and no imprisonment was ever so grievous — neither that of Lludd Llaw Ereint. and they heard a great wailing and lamenting from the dungeon. 75 said. who here imprisoned as mine. and they proceeded until they came unto the wall of the prison." Kilhwch and Olwen. island. let And to the end that ye may give credence thereto of one of you go thither upon each my two shoulders. nor that of of Greid.

? what form may she be is in She the form of a she-wolf. And Arthur returned home." said he . Then Arthur went to the house of Tringad in Aber Cleddyf." "Is it known. Mabon was in prison." asked Arthur." said one. and God did change them again for Arthur into their own form. Kai and Bedwyr whilst the warriors went upon the shoulders of the of Arthur attacked the castle. . And Kai broke through the wall into the dungeon. and he inquired of of her there. us "Which first . to hunt her. "and with her there are two cubs. "where she is . " In " him whether he had heard ." " 76 place where The Boy's Mabinogion. And they surrounded her and her two cubs." in his ship So Arthur went Prydwen. and she is there below in a cave in Aber Cleddyf. Said Arthur. and the others went by land. fish. And the host of Arthur dispersed themselves into parties of one and two.? of the marvels will it be best for now to seek " It will be best to seek for the two cubs of Gast Rhymhi." " She has often slain my herds.-'" " She is in Aber Deu Cleddyf. by sea. and Mabon with him at liberty. and brought away the prisoner upon his back whilst the fight was going on between the warriors.

" Receive from us the blessing of Heaven. he heard a wailing and a grievous cry. off which did not bend with the the hand of ! Then yonder said Kai.• " I do know him. As Kai and Bedwyr sat on a beacon cairn on the summit of Plinlimmon." " Kilhwch and Olwen." Then they fetched brought the flaxseed. and that which no man can give we will give thee. know him . was walking over a mountain. yonder is the greatest robber that ever fled " Dost thou from Arthur. full the nine bushels of flaxseed which of Kilhwch. and saw a great smoke towards the south afar wind. in the highest wind that ever was in the world. the earth. in " He is Dillus Var- vawc. and they came that they could see Dillus Varvawc scorch- ing a wild boar. Yspaddaden Penkawr had required and they measure without lacking any." answered Kai." said Bedwyr unto Kai. he drew and smote an ant-hill close to fire. hold. be- is the fire of a robber Then they hastened towards so near to it the smoke. as Gwythyr. they looked around them. whereby it escaped being burned in the And the ants said to him. And when he came there off forward. And when he heard it he sprang it. except one in and that the lame pismire brought before night. "Behold. "By my friend. the son of Greidawl. and no leash the world will be able to hold . "jy On a certain day. and went towards his sword.

78 The Boy's Mabinogion. would Kai come forward to his aid forever after." said Kai. thereupon Kai was wroth. from thence they both went to Gelli Wic in Corn- and took the leash made of Dillus Varvawc's beard with them. and he struck him a violent blow.' thinkest thou that we should do concerning "to eat as much as he fall " said Bedwyr. neither in Arthur's troubles. and after that he will asleep. so that the warriors of the island could scarcely make peace between Kai and And thenceforth. tainly that he And when Kai knew pit cer- was asleep he made a under his feet. And alive be useless. his beard completely with the wooden and after that they slew him altogether. And there they twitched out tweezers ." And during that time they employed themselves in making the wooden tweezers. And Arthur. Then Arthur composed this Englyn : — Kai made a leash Of Dillus son of Eurei's beard. with wooden tv/eezers " this for if it will be brittle. the son of Eri. save a leash of Drudwyn. unless his beard be plucked . nor for the slaying of his men. and squeezed him into the pit. the largest in the world. of Greid. "Let us will of the meat. Were he alive. the cub even that made from the beard will him thou dead seest yonder. . thy death he'd be. suffer him. And wall. and they gave it into Arthur's hand." What .

the cub of Greid. Said Arthur. the son of his son. before she had become carried her of Greidawl. . Gwyn and overcame him. the son of Greidawl. And he captured Penn.' best for us to seek Drudwyn. he went to the North. he obtained Mygdwn. and Gwythyr. Greidawl. the daughter of of Lludd Llaw Ereint. And. and the leash of Cwrs Cant Ewin. and Nwython. And. the son were betrothed. Nethawg. without advantage to either of them . Gweddw's horse. and made peace between Gwyn this ap Nudd. Creiddylad. and set free the whom he had put in prison. when Arthur had thus reconciled these chieftains. And after that Arthur went into Armorica. and went to with Gwyn ap Nudd. and Gwythyr.Kilhwch and Olwen. and that whichever them should then be conqueror should have the maiden. the son gathered his host together.-the son of Taran. Glinneu. and captured Greid. from thenceforth until the day of of doom . and Dynvarth. should fight for her every of May. the son of Eri. Gwyn ap Nudd came and fight away by force But and Gwythyr. and with him . the son of first Griedawl. his bride. When nobles Arthur heard of this. his son. and Gwrgwst Ledlwm. : And was the peace that was made and that that the maiden should remain in her father's house. Gwyn ap Nudd. and summoned Gwyn ap Nudd before him. and Kyledyr Wyllt. and Gwythyr. the son of Eri." A little while before this. 79 is it "Which of the marvels best for us now " to seek It is ? '.

he went to the west of And^when he had Ireland in search of Ire- Gwrgi Severi land. but by Cavall. to see things were between the two ears of it the precious since Twrch Trwyth. to seek the two dogs of Glythmyr Ledewic. leading Cavall. his head in twain. killed. . and clave. to seek for him.8o Mabon. King of went with him. And thence went Arthur into the . in his hand. of of the son of Mellt. North. And after Yskithyrwyn Penbaedd was Arthur and thence his host departed to Gelli Wic in Cornwall. Arthur went himself to the chase. the son of And dog. Now the boar was not by the dogs that Yspaddaden had mentioned. axe. and he met with him in Ireland. and Gware Gwallt Euryn. got them. the son The Boy of Mellt. And Mabon. Llamrei. if And he sent Menw. came with the two dogs and Drudwyn. had laid waste the third part of Ireland. the cub Glythmyr Ledewic Greid. and he descended upon the top and strove to snatch. away one of . Arthur's own dog. in Esgeir Oervel. and Odgar. his own And Kaw of North Britain mounted Arthur's first in mare. And Kaw slain took away the tusk. the son of Aedd. Albeit was certain where he was. 's Mabinogion. the precious things from him but he carried away nothing . for he were useless it to encounter him if they were not there. And Menw took the form of a bird of his lair. And Menw went . Then Kaw dar- North Britain wielded a mighty and absolutely ing he came valiantly up to the boar. and captured Kyledyr Wyllt and he went after Yskithyrwyn Benbaedd. Eri. and was of the attack. the son of Teirgwaedd.

Kilhwch and
but one of his bristles.

Oliven.
fell

8i

And

the boar rose up angrily, and

shook himself so that some of his venom

upon Menw,

and he was never well from that day forward.
After
this,

Arthur sent an embassy

to Odgar, the son of

Aedd, King

of Ireland, to ask for the caldron of

Diwrnach
to

Wyddel,
give
it.

his purveyor.

And
said, "

Ocjgar

commanded him
is

But Diwrnach
avail

Heaven

my

witness,
it,

if it

would

him any thing even

to look at

he should

not do so."

And

the embassy of Arthur returned from Ireland with

this denial.

And

Arthur

set forward with a small retinue,
ship,

and entered into Prydwen, his
land.

and went over

to Ire-

And

they proceeded into the house of Diwrnach

Wyddel.

And

the hosts of Odgar saw their strength.

When

they had eaten and drunk as

much

as they desired,

Arthur demanded to have the caldron.
swered, "If
I

And
I

he an-

would have given

it

to

any one,

would have

given

it

at the

word

of Odgar,

King

of Ireland."

When

he had given them

this denial,
it

Bedwyr

arose,

and
of

seized hold of the caldron, and placed

upon the back
brother,

Hygwyd, Arthur's
mother's side,

servant,

who was

by the
office

to Arthur's servant, Cachamwri.

His

was always
under
it.

to carry Arthur's caldron, and to place fire

And

Llenlleawg Wyddel seized Caledvwlch,
it.

and brandished
his

And

they slew Diwrnach Wyddel and

Then camethe Irish, and fought with them. And when he had put them to flight Arthur with his
company.

men went

forward to the ship, carrying away the caldron

82
fiill

The Boy's Mabinogion.
of Irish

money.

And

he disembarked
at

at

the house of

Llwydden, the son of Kelcoed,

Forth Kerddin in Dyved.

And
were

there

is

the measure of the caldron.
all

Then Arthur summoned unto him
in the three islands

the warriors that

of

Britain
in

and

in

the three
in

islands adjacent,
rica, in

and

all

that

were

France and

Armoall

Normandy, and

in the

Summer

Country, and

that were chosen footmen

and valiant horsemen.

And

with

all

these he went into Ireland.

And

in Ireland there

was great fear and terror concerning him.
Arthur had landed
in the country, there

And when
And

came unto him

the saints of Ireland, and besought his protection.

he granted
their

his protection

unto them, and they gave him
of

blessing.

Then the men

Ireland

came unto
where the

Arthur, and brought him provisions.

And Arthur went
pigs.

as far as Esgeir Oervel, in Ireland, to the place

Boar Trwyth was with his seven young
dogs were
until
laid
let loose

And

the

upon him from

all
:

sides.

That day
the day

evening the Irish fought with him
fifth

nevertheless, he
fol-

waste the

part of Ireland.

And on

lowing, the household of Arthur fought with him, and they

were worsted by him, and got no advantage.
third day Arthur himself encountered him,

And

the

and he fought

with him nine nights and nine days, without so
as killing even one little pig.

much

The

warriors inquired of
;

Arthur what was the origin of that swine and he told them that he was once a king, and that God had transformed him into a swine for his sins.

Kilhwch and Olwen.
Then Arthur
of a bird,

83
to en-

sent

Gwrhyr Gwalstawt leithoedd

deavor to speak with him.

And Gwrhyr assumed
of the lair,

the form

and alighted upon the top

where he

was with the seven young
leithoedd asked him, "
form,
if

pigs. And Gwrhyr Gwalstawt By him who turned you into this

you can speak,

let

some one

of you, I

beseech you,

come and
bristles

talk with Arthur."
to him.

Grugyn Gwrych Ereint made answer
were
like silver wire
;

(Now his

and whether he went through

the

wood

or through the plain, he was to be traced by the

glittering of his bristles.)
"

And

this

was the answer that

Grugyn made, By him who turned us into this form, we That will not do so, and we will not S]jeak with Arthur. we have been transformed thus is enough for us to suffer,
without your coming here to fight with us."

"I

will tell you.

Arthur comes but to
and the
scissors,

fight for the

comb, and the

razor,

which are between

the two ears of

Twrch Trwyth."
first

Said Grugyn, " Except he

take his

life,

he

will

never

have those precious things.
will rise

And

to-morrow morning we
Arthur's country,

up hence, and we
will

will 'go into

and there

we do

all

the mischief that

we

can."

So they

set forth

through the sea towards Wales.
his horses

And

Arthur and his hosts, and

and

his dogs, entered

.Prydwen, that they might encounter them without delay.

Twrch Trwyth landed in Forth Cleis in Dyved, and Arthur came to Mynyw. The next day it was told to Arthur that
they had gone by, and he overtook them as they were
kill-

84
ing the cattle of
that were at

The Boy's Mabinogion.
Kynnwas Kwrr y Vagyl, having
Cleddyf, of
slain all

Aber

man and

beast, before the

coming

of Arthur.

Now when
thither,

Arthur approached, Twrch Trwyth went on

as far as Preseleu,

and Arthur and

his hosts followed

him
and

and Arthur sent

men

to

hunt

him, — Eli

Trachmyr leading Drutwyn, the whelp
of Eri
ter,
;

of Greid, the son in another quar;

and Gwarthegyd, the son

of

Kaw,

with the two dogs of Glythmyr Ledewig

and Bedwyr

And all the warriors ranged themselves around the Nyver. And there came there the three sons of Cleddyf Divwlch, men who had
leading Cavall, Arthur's

own

dog.

gained

much fame

at the slaying of

Yskithyrwyn

Pen-.

baedd

Cwm

and they went on from Glyn Nyver, and came Kerwyn.
;

to

And

there

Twrch Trwyth made
champions,
of Allt

a stand, and slew four

of Arthur's

— Gwarthegyd
And
after

the son of Kaw,

and Tarawc
Atvei-,

Clwydd, and Rheidwn the son of Eli

and Iscovan Hael.
a second

he had

slain these

men he made

stand in the same place. And Gwydre the son of Arthur, and Garselit Wyddel, and Glew the son of Ysgawd, and Iscawyn the
there he slew

son of Panon

;

and there he himself was wounded.

And the next morning, before it was day, some of the men came up with him. And he slew Huandaw and
Gogigwr and Penpingon, three attendants upon GlewIwyd Gavaelvawr, so that Heaven knows he had not an
attendant remaining, excepting only Llaesgevyn, a

man

Kilhwch and Olwen.
from

85

whom

no one ever derived any good.

And

together

with these he slew

many

of the

men

of that country,

and

Gwlydyn

Saer, Arthur's chief architect.
;

Then Arthur overtook him at Pelumyawc and slew Madawc the son of Teithyon, and Gwyn
of Tringad, the son of

there he the son

Neved, and Eiryawn Penllorau.

Thence he went
stand,

to Aberteivi,

where he made another
of

and where he slew Kyflas the son

Kynan, and
Glyn

Gwilenhin, King of France.
Ystu, and there the

Then he went

as far as

men and the dogs lost him. Then Arthur summoned unto him Gwyn ab Nudd, and he asked him if he knew aught of Twrch Trwyth. And
he said that he did
not.

And

all

the huntsmen went to hunt the swine as far as

Dyffryn Llychwr.

And Grugyn

Gwallt Ereint and Llwyall

dawg Govynnyad
huntsmen
;

closed with them, and killed

the

so that there escaped but one
his hosts

man

only.

And

Arthur and

came

to the place

where Grugyn
loose the whole

and Llwydawg were.
of the

And
;

there he

let

dogs upon them
set

and with the shout and barking
to their assistance.
Irish

that

was

up Twrch Trwyth came

And

from the time that they came across the
of

Sea
set

Arthur had never got sight

him

until then.

So he

men and dogs upon him, and thereupon he started off, and went to Mynydd Amanw. And there one of his young
pigs was killed.

Then they
slain
;

set

upon him

life

for

life,

and

Twrch Llawin was
of the swine,

and then there was

slain

another

Gwys

was his name.

After that, he went

;

86
on
to

The Boy's Mabinogion.
Dyffryn

Amanw, and

there

Banw and Bennwig were
alive

killed.

Of

all

his pigs, there

went with him

from

that place none save

Grugyn Gwallt Ereint and Llwyto

dawg Govynnyad.
Thence he went on
took him there, and he

Llwch Ewin and Arthur overmade a stand. And there he slew
;

Echel Forddwytwll, and Garwyli the son of Gwyddawg

Gwyr, and many men and dogs
they went to Llwch Tawy.

likewise.

And And

thence

Grugyn Gwrych Ereint parted
to

from them there, and went

Din Tywi.

thence

he proceeded to Ceredigiawn, and Eli and Trachmyr with
him, and a multitude likewise.

Then he came to Garth Gregyn, and there Llwydawg Govynnyad fought in the midst of them, and slew Rhudvyw Rhys and many others with him. Then Llwydawg went thence to Ystrad Yw
and there the men of Armorica met him, and there he
slew Hirpeissawg, the King of Armorica, and Llygatrudd

Emys, and Gwrbothu, Arthur's
ers
;

uncles, his mother's brothslain.

and there was he himself

Twrch Trwyth went from
Euyas.

there to between
all

Tawy and

And Arthur summoned

Cornwall and Devon
;

unto him, to the estuary of the Severn
warriors of this island,
of

and he said to the
has slain

"Twrch Trwyth

many
he

my

men, but by the valor
go into Cornwall.
I will

of warriors while I live

shall not

And

I

will not follow

him

any longer, but
will."

oppose him

life

to

life.

Do

ye as ye

And

he resolved that he would send a body of knights.

Kilhwch and Olweu.
with the dogs of the island, as far as Euyas,
return

87

who should

thence to the Severn, and that tried warriors

should traverse the island, and force him into the Severn.

And Mabon,
at the Severn,

the son of Modron,

came up with
of

him

upon Gwynn Mygddon, the horse
of Custennin,

Gweddw, and Goreu the son
son of Teirgwaedd.

and

Menw

the

This was betwixt Llyn Lliwan and

Aber Gwy.
champions

And Arthur fell upon him together with the of Britain. And Osla Kyllellvawr drew near,
ser;

and Manawyddan the son of Llyr, and Kacmwri the
vant of Arthur, and Gwyngelli
him, catching him
the Severn, so that
first
it

and they seized hold of and plunged him
in

by

his feet,

overwhelmed him.

On

the one side

Mabon the son
his razor

of

Modron spurred
;

his steed,

and snatched

from him
side,

and Kyledyr Wyllt came up with him
steed, in the Severn,

on the other

upon another

and

took from him the scissors.

But before they could obtain
feet,

the comb, he had regained the ground with his

and

from the

moment
If

that he reached the shore, neither dog,

nor man, nor horse could overtake him until he came to
Cornwall.

they had had trouble in getting the jewels
in seeking to save the

from him, much more had they

two

men from
forth,

being drowned.

Ka,cmwri, as they drew him
into the deep.

was dragged by two millstones was running
of the sheath,

And
;

as Osla Kyllellvawr

after the boar, his knife

had dropped out

and he had

lost
its

it

and

after that, the sheath

became

full of

water, and

weight

drew him down into the deep
forth.

as they

were drawing him

"

The Boy's Mabinogion.

Then Arthur and his
;

hosts proceeded, until they overtook

the boar in Cornwall

and the trouble which they had met

with before was mere play to what they encountered in

seeking the comb.

But from one

difficulty to another,

the

comb was
sea.

at

length obtained.

And

then he was hunted

from Cornwall, and driven straight forward into the deep

And

thenceforth

it

was never known whither he
him.

went, and

Aned and Aethlem with

Then went
and
to

Arthur to Gelliwic

in Cornwall, to anoint himself,

rest from his fatigues.

Said Arthur, " Is there any one of the marvels yet unobtained
.'

Said one of his men, "There

is,

— the blood
Owen
of

of the witch

Orddu, the daughter of the witch
Govid, on the confines of Hell."

Penn Nant

Arthur

set forth

towards the North, and came to the

place where was the witch's cave.

And Gwyn

ab Nudd,

and Gwythyr the son

of.

Greidawl, counselled him to send

Kacmwri and Hygwyd

his brother to fight with the witch.

And

as they entered the cave, the witch seized

upon them,

and she caught

Hygwyd by

the hair of his head, and threw

him on the
by the hair
off

floor

beneath her.

Arid Kacmwri caught her

of
;

her head,' and dragged her to the earth from
but she turned again upon them both, and
ciiffs.

Hygwyd

drove them both out with kicks and with

And Arthur was
almost
slain,

wroth

at

seeing his two attendants
;

and he sought

to enter the cave

but

Gwyn

and Gwythyr

said unto him, " It

would not be

fitting or

beard. and clove her of in twain. man?" "I said Kilhwch. the cave . off his head." answered " Is thy daughter mine now "She thee." So they went. treasures. but Arthur who hath accomplished By my free will lose thou should'st never have had her life. skin. so that in two And Kaw it. he. the son hair of his of Custennin. first But if great was the trouble of the of these two. and as many to Yspaddaden his his Penkawr. seized him by the to the keep. and kept Then Kilhwch set forward." said he. until they placed them all upon Llamrei. and to ear. seemly for us to see thee squabbling with a hag." Kilhwch and Olwen. North Britain took the blood of the witch. flesh clean off to the very bone from ear "Art thou shaved. much greater was that And Heaven knows from the Arthur's mare.' am shaved. 89 Let Hiramreu and Hireidil go to the cave. "but therefor needest thou this for . with him. she fell his dagger. And at then Arthur rushed to the door of and the door he struck at the witch with Carnwennan. two that went. and Goreu. cita- head." for with her I my Then Goreu. parts. . and dragged him after him and cut del. that hot one of the four could move spot. not thank me. is thine. And they took the marvels with them to And Kaw of North Britain came and shaved court. the son as wished ill of Cus- tennin. and placed it on a stake on the his castle and Then they took possession of of his. .

And thus did Kilhwch obtain Olwen. and she continued lived. . the daughter of Yspaddaden Penkawr. each man own country. Kilhwch's bride. And Olwen became to be his wife as long as she And to his the hosts of Arthur dispersed themselves.90 The Boy's Mabinoglon.

otherwise he might have been slain as well as his father and brothers.1 Peredur the Son of Evrawc. And she permitted none to bear her company thither but women and boys and spiritless men. and she was very anxious concerning this her only son and his possessions. And he was not of an age to go to wars and enHis mother was a scheming and counters. So she took counsel with herself to leave the inhabited country. TIJ^ARL - EVRAWC owned the earldom his of the North. Now name of his seventh son was Peredur. accustomed and unequal to war and And none dared to bring either horses or arms where her son was. ' This " Peredur " is (he Welsh original of " Sir Percival " who figures so rest. who were both unfighting. 9 PEREDUR' THE SON OF EVRAWC. — ' And he had seven sons. and he was the )roungest of them. And. finely in the the search for the Sangreal along with Sir Galahad and . he was the and six of his sons likewise. And Evrawc maintained himself not so much by who own possessions as by attend- ing tournaments and wars and combats. thoughtful woman. And the youth lest he should set his mind upon them. befalls slain. and to flee to the deserts and unfrequented wildernesses. as it often those join in encounters and wars.

" said Owain. . "Tell me. and met them." answered he. "sawest thou a knight pass this way either to-day or yesterday " I " ." replied Owain. good soul. whom they were in pursuit " Mother. 1 ". And the three knights were Gwalchmai the son of Gwyar. and how they were used.askest me. my son." said Peredur. " If thou wilt tell me what I ask thee." said Owain. and the horses. and what they were for. " They are angels. " " what are those yonder she. " as I what a knight is. will " ">." " Gladly will I do so. is this " demanded Peredur.92 went The Boy's Mabinogion. concerning the " It is a saddle.What saddle. and told of them. and Geneir Gwystyl. And Owain of.' know not." said By my faith. And one day they saw three knights coming along the horse-road on the borders of the forest. kept in on the track of the knight who had divided the apples Arthur's court." said Ovvain. " I go and become an angel with them. Then he asked about all the accoutrements which he saw upon the men." " Such an one am. and the arms. I will tell thee that which thou. and Owain the son of Urien." said Peredur. daily to divert himself in the forest by flinging sticks and staves." And Peredur went to the road. And Owain showed him him what use was made all these things fully.

those were not angels." said Peredur. "My son. thou see a ." Then Peredur returned and he said to her. " " Speak quickly. re- peat there thy Paternoster unto And if thou see meat and drink. " for f or. "desirest thou to ride forth.'" " Yes. but honorable knights. "to the court of Arthur. And Peredur went to fire- the place where they kept the horses that carried wood. it be the outcry of a woman." he answered. then. where there are the best and the boldest and the most bountiful of men. horse. " 93 Go forward." " Willingly. especially fair jewel. " to his mother and her company. And he took a bony. Mother." said he. And when Peredur came again to his mother. it. possess thyself of and give it to another for thus thou . and with twisted twigs he imitated the trappings which he had seen upon the horses. and have need of them. And wherever thou seest a church. if If thou hear an outcry." Go forward. then. and that brought meat and drink from the inhabited country to the desert. proceed towards If it. it. " Wait." said she. I saw such an one as thou inquirest and I will follow thee." she said. with thy leave." Then his mother swooned away. piebald of which seemed to him the strongest them . the countess had recovered from her swoon. that I may counsel thee before thou goest.Peredur the Son of Evrawc. and none have the kind- ness or the courtesy to give them to thee. and lie pressed a pack into the form of a saddle. take them thyself.

and. he went towards it. and. and welcome.a handful of sharp-pointed forks in his hand.tent seeming to it. he rode forth. Peredur dismounted. when Peredur his had finished eating. on her forehead. At the entrance of the tent he saw food. the . him to be a church. Peredur mounted the horse. And the maiden was and bade him welcome. And . pay thy. and far within the wood he saw a even glade. wheresoever take it. chieftain." Take the meat. And on the chair sat a lovely auburn-haired maiden. in the And he journeyed two days and two nights in desert places. Peredur. to . And then he came to a vast wild fair wood and . I knee before the " My mother. to take it. and entered the tent. So Peredur took half of the meat and of the liquor him- self. obtain praise. woman. without woody wildernesses and food and without drink. whether she will or no for thus thou wilt render thyself a better and more esteemed man than thou wast before." said I saw meat and drink. court to her." said he. " told me. If thou see a fair . "wheresoever " " My mother told me. and coUops of the flesh of the wild boar. taking. in the glade he saw a tent." said she. and the door was And a golden chair was near the door. and two flasks full of wine. with a golden frontlet let. And." After this discourse. and sparkling stones in the front- and with a large gold ring on her hand.94 shalt The Boy's Mabinogion. he bent upon maiden. tent And open. and two loaves of fine wheateh flour. and left the rest to the maiden." saw a fair jewel. glad at his coming. he repeated his Paternoster to of the.

who gave a ring of thick gold at the door of hall the gate for holding his horse. "by my . behold the knight came to whom the tent belonged and he was the lord of the glade." faith. ring. and went into the where Arthur and his household. and her maidens. my soul. thou remain in the same house. he harmed me " not. blow on the and said. Meanwhile Peredur journeyed court. the knight arose. and he said to the maiden. And he mounted his horse." said he. towards Arthur's And before he reached another knight had been there. And he saw the track of the horse. his journey. "Tell me who has been here since I departed. " If any have the boldness to . were assembled. until I can meet with him and revenge the and wreak two nights and he has done shalt not me my vengeance upon him. set forth to seek Peredur." And described to him what Peredur' s appearance and conduct had been. ." said she. So 'Peredur took the and proceeded on After this. Then the knight dashed the liquor that was therein upon lier face. "Tell me. "No." And on it. " 95 Do so. "of wonderful demeanor. Gwenhwyvar and the And page of the chamber was serving Gwenhwyvar with a golden goblet." said she." By my faith. "did he offer thee any wrong." "A she man. and gave her a violent face. I do not believe thee insult and.Pcredur the Son of Evrawc. and upon her stomacher." answered the maiden.

For it go and avenge the to insult seemed them that no one would have ventured on so daring an outrage. both he and a female dwarf. of They had craved harborage it . and there await him. My mother me said to go to Arthur. year neither of them had spoken a single word to any one." he. " yonder }" " " What wouldest thou with Arthur told . 96 The Boy's Mabinogion.• asked Kai. and to revenge the insult to Gwenhwyvar. Peredur entered the hall Then. upon the bony piebald it." said Peredur. and had obtained and during the whole." "By my faith. all the household. a dwarf came at He had already been a year Arthur's court. When the dwarf beheld Peredur. "Tell me. that none could be able to take vengeance upon him. and receive the honor of knighthood. and Then. horse with the uncouth trappings upon and hall. through magic or charms. unless he possessed such powers. their heads. Arthur. "the . to the meadow." So the knight took and rode to the meadow. behold. forward. in this way he traversed the whole length of the In the centre of the hall stood Kai. lest And of to all the household hung down to any them should be requested Gwenhwyvar. dispute this goblet with me. I will let him foUow me his horse. "thou art all too meanly equipped with horse and with arms. "Haha!" said he. tall man. behold." Thereupon he was perceived by they threw sticks at him. "is that Arthur..

" "I his will do so. So he turned horse's head towards the meadow. light of chivalry. and take from him the of and overthrow him. "Tell me. Arthur's court. the knight was riding up and down. so that she senseless. Then exclaimed dur." said Kai. welcome of 97 Heaven be unto thee. "Tall man. "didst thou see any one coming after me from the court t . to the meadow. "show me which is Arthur. "thou art at the court of remain mute for a year Arthur. "and go after the knight who went hence goblet. and now. proud of his strength and valor and noble mien. goodly Pere! Evrawc The welcome and of Heaven be unto bred to thee." fell to And Kai the ground kicked her with his foot. And when he came there. household. flower of knights. the chief of warriors. and possess thyself his horse and arms. " Haha." Peredur the Son of Evrawc." "Hold thy peace!" said Kai. son of Evrawc." said Kai. and then thou shaft receive the order of knighthood. goodly Peredur. and then speak as thou dost of such a man as this. "thou art ill taught to remain a year mute at. to call and declare such a man as of knighthood." said the knight." ill "Of to a truth." said Peredur. maiden." said Peredur. tall man." fell this the chief of warriors and the flower And he gave him such a box on the ear that he senseless to the ground. all his before the face of Arthur and out." "Truly. son of the female dwarf. with choice of society. and flower of knighthood.

and." ." And upon this the knight ran at him furiously. either to come himself. tall "The to man that was there. And if." " Silence " said the knight. " My mother's servants : were not used to play with thus will I play with thee. be Arthur and his warriors." said Peredur " choose thou whether . lad ! " said Peredur. "desired me come and overthrow and to take from thee the " goblet and thy horse and thy armor for myself. moreover. hit him in the eye at the back of his neck." " it By my faith. "thou when thou didst send that madman after for one of two things must befall him. or to send some other to fight with quickly. his sin will be upon him: therefore will I go to see what has befallen him. from me. If must either be overthrown. he is slain. I will me ! ." me in And and this wise therefore. and." thee. He slain. unless he do so not wait for him. and struck him a violent blow with the shaft of his spear between the neck and the shoulder. ble person of the court to and an eternal disgrace will it . " Haha.98 The Boy's Mabinogion. ! Go back to the court." said wert ill advised . or by the knight. the knight Owain the son of Urien to Kai. he will he is overthrown be counted by him to be an honora. thereupon he struck it him with a sharp-pointed and came out fell fork. and tell Arthur. the dis- grace will be the same. shall be willingly or unwillingly but I will have the horse and the arms and the goblet. said he. so that he instantly down lifeless. "Verily.

is that of Arthur. and to the And " Peredur rode forward. What art thou doing thus ? "This off iron coat. Wherefore sayest thou so " said Peredur. be- hold a knight met him." "Here. will profit and service am And say that not come that is to his court until I have encountered the there. my faith " he answered. him . So Owain went dragging the said Owain. ." . if I go " said Peretell ! But take thou the goblet to Gwenhwyyar. to revenge the injury he did to the man dwarf and dwarfess." And Owain went household. Arthur to receive the order it. "Art thou one " Yes. and come with . back to the court. "A " good service. and Arthur that wherever do him what I will tall am I will I be his vassal and able. joyfully. Whence comest thou of his ! "i " said the knight." Peredur the Son of Evrawc. and related all all these things to Arthur and Gwenhwyvar. to the 99 meadow." said Peredur. "I come from Arthur's court. and he found Peredur " man about." said he. at any rate." said Peredur." of knighthood for thou dost merit May " I never show my I face again. " will never come from clothes. And Owain unfastened his armor my good soul. "is a Take them to and his horse and armor better than thine. not by my efforts. by men i* " asked he. truly. And as he proceeded. me " dur.

and jDroceeded and said as he had promised. I and say that will never come to the court until have avenged the insult offered to the dwarf and dwarfess. and conveyed the threat to Kai. And And And of he came to a vast and desert wood on the confines on the other side was a which was a lake.lOO "I will tell The Boy's Mabinogio7i." said Peredur. knights. And thereupon Kai was reproved by thei-eat. and Kai was greatly grieved Peredur rode forward. Arthur . all "I have always been Arthur's enemy. and his horse's crupper. and the same threat which he had sent to Kai. And Peredur rode forward. and was not long before Peredur brought him to the ground over Then the knight besought his mercy. thee." The knight pledged him to the court of Arthur. hoary-headed man." it And without further parlance they fought. "if thou wilt make oath to me that thou wilt go to Arthur's court. "Mercy thou shalt have. . his faith of this." said he. ting upon a velvet cushion. and such of his men as I have ever encountered I have slain. fair castle. sixteen And within that week he all encountered shamefully. tell him that it was I that overthrew thee for the honor I of his service. all and overthrew them And they went to Arthur's court. and having a garment of velvet upon him. And on the borsit- der of the lake he saw a venerable. And his attendants were fishing in the lake. taking first with them the same message which the knight had conveyed from Peredur.

and the other auburn. When man it was time." So Peredur haired youth . my life. "but were well I I to be taught. he arose. and a large blazing burning before him. doubtless should. and went lifted to play with the yellowhis arm. loi When the hoary-headed man beheld Peredur approaching. and take the cudgel and the shield hair. if he chose. "which. the inquired of Peredur he knew how to fight with the sword. youths." And the man had two sons : the one had yellow hair. of the youths thinkest thou plays best. Evrawc. and he entered the sitting And there was the hoaryfire on a cushion." "Arise thou.Peredur the Son of." said Peredur. "and play with the cudgel and the shield." said he. "Arise. my soul. "Tell me." "Whoever can play well with the cudgel and shield will also be able to fight with a sword. arose. And the man sit asked the youth to on the cushion ." said the man. and they sat down and conversed together. from the hand of the youth with the auburn if and draw blood from the yellow-haired youth thou canst. and went towards the And the old man was lame. were laid. and he up and struck him . and disarrayed him. And when they had if finished their meal. arose And the household and the company to meet Peredur. "I know not." said Peredur. castle. headed man Peredur rode to the palace hall. and the door was open." "I think. "that the yellow-haired youth could draw blood from the other. the tables and they went to meat." And so did they. .

but upon me that am thy And when it they had abundance of honor and service. "come now. And his was time they went to sleep. and will be thy teacher . and "Ah. and to And they placed him by the side of the owner of the palace. it Then they to eat. At the break of day Peredur arose and took his horse. and noble bearing. brother. to learn the manners and customs and courtesy. and with uncle's permission he rode forth. dis- coursed together. he found the gate open. and when was time they . and fighter with the sit down for thou wilt become the best sword of in this island. side of wood was a the meadow he saw a And thitherward Peredur bent his way. I then. my any life. I02 The Boy's Mabinogion. and gentleness. to receive and many pages around him." upon thee. ask not the meaning of it : if no one has the courtesy to inform thee. I will raise thee to the rank of thus do thou. and hall. fell such a mighty blow that his brow the blood flowed forth. thy mother's me shalt thou remain a space in order of different countries. If knight from this time forward. and at the further end of the meadow. over his eye. who arose honor Peredur. and on the other large castle. And he came to a vast desert wood. the fall reproach will not teacher. and Leave. And with And I am thy uncle. the habits and the discourse of thy mother." said the man. And thou seest aught to cause thee wonder.. and he proceeded to the And he beheld a stately hoary-headed man sitting on one side of the hall.

and as before they re-united. " come now. and re-unite them." . and the other third thou hast not yet obtained and when thou attainest to thy full I power none will be able to contend with thee." Now. thy mother's brother. and neither the staple nor the sword would unite as before. there was on the floor. "Place the two parts together. like blow. " I Were I to receive instruction. of the hall a huge staple. " Youth. "Take yonder sword. and my blessing be upon thee." strike the iron staple.struck the staple so that into he cut it in two . as large as a warrior could grasp.Peredur the Son of Evrawc. Thou hast arrived at two-thirds of thy strength. " I think could. in the kingdom. in and I am brother to the man whose house thou wast last night. sit 103 beside the nobleman during the And when they had eaten and drunk as much as they desired. and . "and [Then] Peredur arose-. And the third time he and placed the broken parts together. and they became entire as they were before." And Peredur placed them together. And it a second time he struck in upon the gave a staple so that both and the sword broke two." said Peredur." said the nobleman. am thy uncle. the nobleman asked Peredur whether he could fight with a sword. Thou fightest best with the sword of any man . and the sword broke two parts also." said the man to Peredur. and sit down. caused Peredur to repast.

when time was that they should fair dur was brought into a chamber. bearing a spear of mighty with three streams of blood flowing from the point to the ground. his uncle discoursed together. he forbore to ask him concerning between them. two maidens entered. And when off his all the company saw this they began wailing and lamenting. he rode And hair. and thereupon she made a great lamentation. behold. And as he did not tell Peredur the meaning of what he saw. he heard a loud auburn and he saw a beautiful woman with it and a horse with a saddle upon side. And when the clamor had a little subsided. But at length they were sleep. "am I accursed." said Peredur.?" . it.' sister. and a corpse by her to place the corpse And as she strove upon the horse it fell to the ground. Pere- And. hall Then Peredur and and he beheld two youths enter the and proceed up to size. same with them. bewailing . surrounded by a profusion of blood. But for all that the man did not break discourse with Peredur." "Wherefore. And forth. with his uncle's permission. and far within the wood cry." I04 The Boy's Mabinogioti. the next day. "wherefore art thou " Oh. the chamber. with a large salver in which was a man's head. standing near her." said Peredur. And thereupon the company of the it court made so great an outcry that hall was irksome to be in the silent. accursed Peredur ! little pity has my ill fortune ever met with from thee. "Tell me. he came to a wood.

and he was slain by the knight the glade in the wood. Through scarcely my I shall vanquish him indeed be and. And do not thou go near him. lest thou shouldest be slain by him likewise.• " Yes." And when he had buried the body. it would difficult for it me to succeed. thou dost reproach me wrongfully. seized upon her heart and therefore art thou accursed. therefore. " I " ." ." And thou one of Arthur's men . by my faith " ! "A profitable alliance truly." " My sister. and he besought mercy of Peredur. and immediately Peredur overthrew the knight. for body. "Mercy shalt thou have. 105 " Because thou wast the cause of thy mother's death for." And another without further parlance they encountered one . and see I can do vengeance upon him." said he. Cease. anguish so that she died .having so long remained amongst you. I thy lamenting. they went to the place where the knight was. is that of Arthur. And the dwarf and the dwarfess that thou sawest at Arthur's court were the dwarfs of thy father and mother. . when thou didst ride forth against her will. and he inquired of Peredur whence he come from Arthur's art court. "upon these terms: . had I continued longer. and this was that my wedded is in husband. and found him riding proudly along the glade came. Peredur the Son of Evrawc. And I am thy foster-sister. And will bury the I will go in quest of the knight. and then if is of no avail.

that thou take this woman in marriage. And he struck the gate with the shaft ." Then Peredur rode mals. and forward. And Arthur and all his household reproved Kai for having driven such a youth as Peredur from his court. where he saw not the track either of men or ani- And at where there was nothing but bushes and weeds. and then him and his adversary do their utmost to each other." By my let " said Arthur. slain her hast.io6 The Boy's Mabinogion. and when he came near the gate he found the weeds taller than he had seen them elsewhere. seeing thou out cause. to take ven- geance upon him for his insult to the dwarf and dwarfess. wherein were many strong towers. Then the knight provided the lady With a horse and garments that were suitable for her. Said Owain the son of Urien.and show him that was ." And form he took the knight's assurance that he would per- all this. and do her all the honor and reverence in thy power. And he told Arthur all that had occurred. the upper end of the wood he saw a vast castle. to do him honor and service tell and that thou I him that I will never come to his court again until tall have met with the man that is there. " I will search all the desof in the island Britain until I find Peredur. and gave the defiance to Kai. " This youth will never come " erts into the court until faith ! Kai has gone forth from it.. with- wedded husband . and took her with him to Arthur's court. I that over- threw thee. And he came to a desert wood. and that thou go to it Arthur's court.

.Peieduv and the Maiden.

.

if it is desired that I should enter. And And they were well skilled in courtesy and in service. but was then it. Thereupon. and of the same dress. And when he went into the hall he beheld eighteen youths." Pcredur the Son of Evrawc. maidens came from the chamber And Peredur was certain that he had never seen another of the maidens." said they. as the one who had opened Then they five the gate for him. I will go in. or shall I "whether shall I open the gate unto " Say that announce unto those ? that are chief. so tattered that her skin could be seen through And whiter was her skin than the bloom of crystal hair ." said Peredur. behold into the hall. he saw two nuns enter and a flask full of wine was borne by one. and opened the gate for Peredur. and six loaves of white bread by the other. they disarrayed him. and put sit her arms about his neck. beside Not long after this. down . redder than whatever reddest. sat down to dis- course. of his lance." And the youth came back. And the maiden welcomed Peredur. which had once been handsome. 107 and thereupon behold a lean auburn-haired youth came to an opening in the battlements. of so fair an aspect as the chief And she had an old garment of satin upon her. "and." said he. and made him her. chieftain. thee. of the same height. and her two eyebrows were blacker than jet and on is her cheeks were two red spots. "Choose thou. and of the same age. and her .' " Lady. that thou art at the gateway I am here. and of the same aspect. "Heaven . lean and red-headed.

" said she. My Not sister. havin the night] . " I will share out the food and the liquor. and this palace was his and with it he held the best earldom in the kingdom. my sister. [Then. and myself. ing eaten. thou. my foster-brothers. him and my father my will. . And with the noise of the door opening. And who through the valor of the are men whom thou hast seen. my soul. Then I the son of another earl sought to be given unto me of . "wherefore dost weep . Peredur retired and slept. and Peredur observed that the of the food to give more and of the liquor him than " to any of the others. " My father possessed these dominions as their chief." said Peredur. Peredur awoke the maiden was [there] weeping and lamenting. So he made war upon me. and "Tell me. either to him or any And my father had no child except my father's death these dominions then was I less willing to accept him than before. it and he gave an eqital portion of to each." Then they went maiden wished to to meat." " so.'' " I will tell thee. is witness that there not so much of food and liquor as this left in yonder convent this night." said Peredur. and except this conquered all my possessions one house. And after came into my own hands." said she. and was not willing would not give me against earl in the world." . and" the strength of the house. io8 is The Boy's Mabinogion. my father. " ! "By my faith but I will So Peredur took the bread. lord.

me . And at the close of the day one of the chief knights came to fight . as thou hast seen." said Peredur. and never beheld any place so cov- ered with tents. and what tidings dost thou bring all None other than that the earl and I his forces have alighted at the gate. or prove whether can assist thee or not. having raised the signal for battle. "let my horse be made ready. The maiden went she came thee." again to rest . and thronged with knights challenging others to the combat. that thou mayest succor me. either by taking fending " Go. lord. " and sleep nor will I depart from thee until I do that which thou requirest." sallied So his horse was accoutred. And they encountered ." my I sister. or by de- whichever may seem best unto thee. come against this place with all his forces and. and he arose and the meadow. Heaven prosper " } my soul . if I into his power. I am come me to offer to place myself in thy hands. . will fall And no later date than to-morrow the earl . given over to the grooms of his horses. here. and saluted him. to whom the country is free. 109 can never be taken while food and drink remain." said he.Peredur it the Son of Evrawc. And now our provisions are exhausted but. " and the next morning " to Peredur. And at length they also are without supply of food at or liquor." "Truly. hence. forth to And there was a knight riding • proudly along the meadow. we have been fed by the nuns. my fate will be no better than to be Therefore. aird Peredur threw the knight over his horse's crupper to the ground.

at the close of the And his day there came a proud and stately knight . with their horses shalt and arms." " And how much power . and their . and he besought thou ? mercy." answered he. and bring meat and drink for a hundred men. said Peredur." said Peredur." said he. "Verily." possessions in and all the profit thou hast made by them." . so that with him.' of the countess's possessions is there in thy "The third part verily. and. also. " thou shalt fully restore to the maiden her possessions ." answered he. no his mercy. and Peredur overthrew him. am steward of the palace. " Verily. The Boy's Mabinogion." remain her captive unless she wish to take thy this And was he did forthwith. "Who " I art " said Peredur. moreover. thou shalt give her meat and drink for two hundred men. "And how much of the maiden's possessions ' are under thy control " ? " One-third part. to her court this night. and they fared plenteously. "restore to her the third of her full. and he overthrew him he besought " Who art thou ? " said Peredur. And the next day Peredur rode forth to the meadow and that day he vanquished a multitude of the host. "I am master of the household to the earl. And thou life. "Then. And that night the maiden right joyful." said he.

" said she." "Verily. by my faith. " leave. and he besought his mercy." thou "My "I soul. acquaint if me therewith. and I can I will protect thee. from the North and. 1 1 And. "thou shalt restore the whole' of the maiden's earldom. and thou thyself shalt remain thus in it her power. causing tribute and obedience to be paid to the maiden." said Peredur.1." " "Verily." . " I will not conceal it from thee. ever thou art in trouble or in danger. and shalt give her thine own earldom in addition thereto." And weeks was fulfilled." said he. my brother. And had "who art it not been for love of " ? thee. thou shalt be her captive. and the government to be placed in her hands. and he overthrew him. "Who " I art thou. and their horses and arms. Peredur the Son of Evrctwc." said Peredur. am if Peredur the son of Evrawc. the third day Peredur rode forth to the meadow of the and he vanquished more that day than on either preceding. and meat and drink for three hundred men. And at the close of the day an earl came to encounter him. am the earl. " I will go hence. horses and their arms..'' "Yes.?" said Peredur. I should not have been here thus long. . desirest thou this With thy . And Peredur tarried three in the country." And And immediately it was so done. for thyself.

faith "Hold thy peace. and they were not long in combat ere Peredur overthrew the knight. "I thou art in trouble. said Peredur." So they encountered . behold. thou. "Whence comest Then she was the wife my sister " . a knight rode up. Now she of the lord of the glade. behold." And the knight plighted him his faith thereto. and so that thou wilt ac- knowledge unto her the reverse thou hast sustained at my hands. " so thou wilt return by the way thou earnest. Then Peredur rode forward. And above him he beheld a castle." said he. and thitherward he went. and he besought his mercy." . and he had the stature of a .' him the cause of her journey. for she innocent concerning me. forth. and then. So iPeredur rode And far thence there met him a lady. a comely auburn-^ haired youth opened the gate. "Behold. and he thee thus. and he inquired of if Peredur he had seen a knight such as he was seeking." said Peredur. And he struck upon the gate with his lance. " I am he whom thou ill And by my thou deservest of thy houseis hold for thy treatment of the maiden. mounted on a horse that was lean and covered with sweat. And told she saluted the youth.112 The Boy's Mabinogion. " Mercy thou shalt have. and declare that thou boldest the maiden innocent. am the knight through whom treated shall repent it who has Thereupon." seekest.

son of Evrawc. "It And after their repast was were to well for thee. "to go elsewhere sleep. with his and he saw a sorceress overtake one cried out violently. tall And when . Peredur warrior. sword of his doublet." So they went and went forth about his neck the watch." I " Behold. Nine sorceresses are my soul. " Thy mercy. goodly of Peredur. and the foreknowledge that should suffer ." "Wherefore can " I not sleep here. And when it was time they went finished." said she. 113 and the years of a boy.?" said Peredur. of the sorceresses of Gloucester." . the Son of Evrawc. there chair. and the mercy " " Heaven " ! How By knowest thou. who Peredur attacked the his and struck her upon the head with sword so that he flattened her helmet and her headpiece like a dish upon her head. here. that I am Peredur I . chieftain. was a and stately lady sitting and many handmaidens around her and the lady rejoiced at his coming. Peredur came in a into the hall.? destiny. in his vest And he hastily arose. break we shall be slain laid and already they have conquered waste all the country except this one dwelling. I and if you are in trouble I will do you what service can but harm shall you not receive from me. And and with the break of day Peredur heard a dreadful outcry. and their father and their mother are with them and . and unless we can make our escape before day. sorceress. hag. to rest. to meat." said Peredur. " will remain here to-night. .

" Now Arthur and his household were in search of Peredur. and compared the blackness of the raven and the whiteness of the snow and the redness of the blood. and went his way. and then he made choice of a horse and arms. . And in the evening he entered a valley. if thou pledge thy faith thou wilt never more injure the dominions of the countess. and with And thou shalt take me thou shalt go to Thou shalt a horse and armor learn chivalry and the use of thy arms. and a raven alighted upon the bird. and the hermit welcomed him gladly in the and there he spent the night. " have mercy. thee. to the hair of the lady that best he loved which was blacker than jet. and at the head of the valley he came to a hermit's . Know ye." And Peredur took surety of this. and to the two red spots upon her cheeks which were redder than the blood upon the snow appeared to be. "who is the knight with the long by the brook up yonder } spear. And morning he arose and when he went forth. and to her skin which was whiter than the snow. and a hawk the noise had killed a wild fowl in front of the cell. And of the horse scared the hawk away. that stands . a shower of snow had fallen the night before. and with permission the of the countess he set forth with the sorceress to palace of the sorceresses. harm from of me. cell. And there he remained for three weeks. behold." 114 The Boy's Mabinogion." said Arthur." Said Peredur. And Peredur stood.

but gave the same reception to single thrust to the ground. his meditation. first And when slain . his horse returned back at a wild and prancing pace. "Lord. for he loved him greatly. and he did not answer one more than another. and spoke to Peredur rudely and angrily." 1 1 will go and learn who he So the youth came to the place where Peredur was. and who he was. And when the household saw the horse come back without " his rider. And Kai was brought skilful physicians to and Arthur caused come to him. all. stunned with the violence of the pain that he had suffered. they came there they thought that Kai was if but they live. "I is.5 Peredur the Son of Evrawc. and cast him from him with a thrust. And then came Kai. "Then. and struck him over ground. and asked him what he did thus. And the from the intensity with which he thought upon the lady whom best he loved. And Peredur took him with his lance under the jaw. . And while he lay thus. his horse's crupper to the And after this. on seeing the concourse that was around Kai. "it is not fitting that any . so that he broke his arm and his shoulderblade. they rode forth in haste to the place where the encounter had been. four and twenty youths came to bringing them with one him." said' Gwalchmai. and he rode over him one and twenty times." said one of them. And Arthur was grieved that Kai had met with this reverse. he gave at him no answer. found that he had a skilful physician he yet might And Peredur moved not from to Arthur's tent. Then youth thrust Peredur with his lance and Peredur turned upon him.

"Gwalchmai. should disturb an honorable knight from his thought unadvisedly . Yet thus hast thou And." l!ke Then said Arthur to Gwalchmai. Little praise and honor. go and see and." And Gwalchmai hastily to the place accoutred himself. and take enough of armor about thee. pleasant words.. if if if it seem well to thee." said is "I know that thou wilt bring him because he fatigued. ask him courteously to come and visit thee. and rode forward where Peredur was. wrath. and he spoke angry and spiteful he. I will this knight has will changed from his thought he has. lord. Go. wilt thou have from vanquishing a weary knight who soft is tired with fighting. a coat of thin linen were armor wilt not to sufificient for thee. " Thou mightest use more ." Then said Gwalchmai to Kai." Then Kai was words. "Thou speakest a wise and prudent man. for either he is is pondering some damage thinking of the lady that he has sustained. or he whom last best he loves. wert thou so minded and it behooves thee not upon me to wreak thy wrath and thy displeasure. bring the knight hither with or Methinks I shall me without breaking either my arm my shoulder. ii6 The Boy's Mabinogiott. and choose thy horse. and thy words last. And And I through such ill-advised proceeding perchance this misadventure has befallen him who met with him. while thy speech need gained the advantage over many. nevertheless. . and thou break either lance or sword in fighting with the knight in the state he is in.

to pray thee to come this and visit him. would be as agreeable to thee would converse with thee. and upon the drops of the blood of the bird that the hawk had killed upon the snow was . it is true. And two men have been before on errand." said Peredur." if it were pleasant to thee to be drawn from "Tell -me. I as it would be I have also a message from Arthur unto thee. and that the two red spots upon her cheeks were like the two drops of blood." Said Gwalchmai. was in. . and I bethought me that her whiteness like that of the snow.'" is "He is. pondering the same thought and Gwalchmai came to him without any I signs of hostility." said Peredur. and that the blackness of her hair and her eyebrows was like that of the raven." . I "and uncourteously they was annoyed thereat . and upon the raven. it would have been better for him had he not come were broken with the for his fall arm and his shoulder-blade which he had from thy spear.7 Peredur the Son of Evrawc. 1 1 And Peredur was resting on the shaft of his spear. "This was not an ungentle thought. for I was thinking whom : best I and thus was she brought my mind I was look- ing upon the snow. " If it thouglit that to me. and behold. and said to him. They attacked me. "And." "That came. and to for was not pleasing I me to be drawn from the thought of the lady to that love. and I should marvel it. ." said he. he the knight that fought with thee last. "is Kai in Arthur's court.

"him sought so long. he ." to hear Then Gwalchmai marvelled dwarf and the dwarfess. "Gladly will I do so. and threw his arms around his neck." said Peredur I " for in every country where have been I have heard of I solicit thy fame for prowess and uprightness. "I am not sorry to have thus begun to avenge the insult to the dwarf and dwarfess. when Kai saw them coming." said he.' I called. armor. "Peredur the son " of Evrawc am . "I knew that Gwalchmai needed not to fight the knight." : . am right glad to meet with thee. said." he " I — replied. him speak of the And he approached him." answered Peredur." said he. And Peredur put on garments Gwalchmai wore. and fellowship. lord. and they went together unto Arthur. And thou who art thou " I am called Gwalchmai. ii8 The Boy's Mabinogion. they took off their like those that "Behold. and asked him what was his name. "Verily." said Gwalchmai. So they rode forth together joyfully towards the place where Arthur was and." whom thou hast ." thy " Thou shalt have it. and grant me thine." said Peredur. And it is no wonder that he should gain fame his fair more can he do by of words than I by the strength and my arm. and saluted him. by my faith ." And Peredur went with Gwalchmai to his tent.

as he walked in the city after his repast. And the first night Peredur came to Caerlleon. " With me thou shalt remain and. along a mountain-ridge." forth The next day Peredur went by the high road. and there were the fields betwixt the of the meadows and the wood. sister. and whom thou hast avenged. "that I will never speak a word to any Christian again until thou come to love me above all men. there came the queen and her ." said ." And hereupon. " thou art a beauit " By my faith. the confines of which were rocky and wooded. "that I do not love thee nor will I ever do so. had I known thy left valor had been such." faith. handmaidens And they were rejoiced to see him. Peredur." . Nevertheless. behold. towards Caerlleon. to Arthur's court. And bosom wood he saw large black houses of . And tl\ey returned and Peredur saluted them. there met him Angharad Law Eurawc. ! 1 1 Welcome unto thee. " said Arthur. whom Kai ill treated. and. behold. this was predicted of thee by the dwarf and the dwarfess. and bade him welcome. teous and lovely maiden and were pleasing to thee I could love thee above " I pledge all women." said "I also pledge Peredur. And Arthur did him great honor and respect. and he saw a valley of a circular form. chieftain .9 Peredur " the Son of Evrawc. my faith." my said she. And in the flat part of the valley was in meadows. thou shouldst not have me as thou didst.

and the tables were already of food and upon them was abundance upon he from the And theresaw an aged woman and a young woman come chamber and they were the most stately women and liquor. And two and he went towards young pages were shooting the the bone of the seahorse. hall. and led his a little way within the lay. . hair. beneath the lion he saw a deep of pit of immense full the bones of men and animals. wood he saw a rocky ledge. And ! man said. together into the castle. castle. and it . so fell . that And he chain Peredur drew his sword. uncouth workmanship. the ledge was a lion bound by a chain. and hung there by the and with a second blow he struck the chain. " my porter " Then Peredur understood was the lion. he came into the fair And in the centre of the valley he saw a it. . horse towards the And he wood. And dismounted. mouth of the pit. broke and the lion fell into the pit. And one of the pages had red And they went before him Disgrace to the beard of that the porter to the place where the gray man was. and Peredur saluted the gray him. and And size. And it the gray man and place. along which the road And upon sleeping. and struck the into the lion. hilts of their daggers.I20 The Boy's Mabinogion. and Peredur accompanied them and he found ceeded to the a fair and noble And they prolaid. of and the other auburn. the pages went . who was larger than any man he had ever before seen. And Peredur led his horse over the rocky ledge until valley. And in the meadow by the castle he beheld a huge gray man sitting.

will rise man yonder. fair maiden wilt thou contrive that my .' horse the same lodging with cause it me to-night if will I it so to be. pains have loved thee above all men. and we will be his sureties that he keep it. " For thee. And and the maiden were placed together." And when was time for them rest. I can. to sleep rather than to carouse they went to And the maiden caused Pere- dur's horse and arms to be in the same lodging with him. who is my the And they are all giants. to the and armed himself and his horse. next morning Peredur heard a great tumult of horses around the castle. and the two young pages served them. and Peredur asked the maiden wherefore she was sad. And the maiden gazed sorrowfully upon Peredur." said they." ." : " Listen. woman and the maiden came to the gray "Lord. And Peredur arose. from when I first it beheld thee. he had ever seen. gray man upper seat at the head of the Peredur and the aged woman next to him. "take the word of the youth that he will never disclose what he has seen in this place. And the men and Then man. Sawest thou the numer? ous black houses in the bosom of the wood All these belong to the vassals of the gray father. 121 to meat. for. And me to know doom that so gentle a youth as thou should have such a as awaits thee to-morrow. And to-morrow they up against is thee. by Heaven." Peredur the Son of Evrawc. Then they washed and went sat in the And the table. and went the aged meadow. and will slay thee. I my soul . And Round Valley and arms be "Gladly in this valley called.

" " This will we do willingly. it and him that it was his vassal Peredur that did him this service. " grant the young " man mercy. and slew him likewise.122 " I will The Boy's Mabinogion. by my faith. and slew him. " Lord. all for her father. So Peredur fought with the host hurt himself. "It were better thou hadst accorded mercy to the youth before he had slain thy two sons wilt thou thyself escape ." said the ." said he." That will I not do. there- grant him mercy." . by Heaven. and towards evening he had slain the one-third of them without receiving any Then said the slain aged woman." he replied. many have been by the youth : do thou. And at that juncture Peredur encountered the yellow-haired youth. gray man. and for such of his had escaped " Thou shalt have all that are under tell on condition that thy father and him go and render homage to Arthur." to grant "Go. And the aged woman and the fair maiden were upon the battlements of the castle. maiden. " Behold. not do so. of thy host fore. by Heaven. looking forth. and beseech the youth unto us. for now scarcely from him." to the place So the maiden came and besought mercy vassals as where Peredur was." said the maiden." it. " I will not grant by my faith. for mercy we yield ourselves into his hands. alive. the auburn-haired And thereupon Peredur attacked youth.

set forth to Arthur's court. "Since have possessed this life. go to do homage to Arthur. and he traversed a vast of desert in which no dwellings were. " and be baptized. I which was. And to the with Arthur's permission the gray man went back Round tract Valley. And Arthur gave the valley to the gray it man and his pany. And the gray valley. length he came to a habitation mean and And at small. And they did homage unto Arthur." would not speak one word unto any That night they tarried there. have not seen any Christian depart with his will save thyself. told And the gray man com- Arthur that it was Peredur that had vanquished them. and beseech him to bestow this valley upon thee and upon thy heirs after thee forever. man I said unto him." Then they went in. and to embrace the said Peredur. And the next day. to hold of him as Peredur had besought. And for there he heard that there was a serpent that lay upon a gold ring and suffered none to inhabit the country seven miles around. the gray man. and he caused them to be baptized. in the morning. " 123 I will And you shall also receive baptism. that Christian. Peredur rode forward next day. with his company." Then I have not To Heaven I render thanks that broken my vow to the lady that best I love. And Peredur came to the place .Peredur the Son of Evrawc. And send to Arthur. and the gray man and the tall woman saluted I Peredur. And we faith.

but none of the household recognized him. to Arthur's court . and he answered him And Kai thrust him lance. and at last and took away the And to thus he was for a long time without speaking a word any Christian. that thou hast acted in committing such an outrage on speak." come back. Kai. where he heard the serpent was. 124 The Boy's Mabinogion. and the society of the lady whom best he loved. And lest he should not. And Peredur knew them " all .. through extreme longing after the court of Arthur. cause him to have medical care before thee the charge. "Then. ill "I declare to Heaven. "Lady. and of his companions. . And his challenge was accepted ." said he to Gwenhwyvar. chieftain } Whence comest " said Kai. he killed And ring. with and on the road there met him Arthur's household going on a par- Kai at their head. For Heaven's sake and I for mine. Then he proceeded forward ticular errand. and desperately fought he with the serpent it. a knight meadow beside Arthur's palace. And therefrom he lost his color and his aspect. And this he asked him twice and three times. "seest thou how wicked an outrage Kai has committed upon this youth who cannot speak. he went on without stopping." said Gwalchmai. angrily." a youth like this. and I will repay And came before the to the men returned from their errand. furiously. to dare some one to the encounter. and to break his vow. through the thigh with his be compelled to speak. thou. who cannot returned And Gwalchmai back to Arthur's court.

would men. and with mighty rage. "woful is I it that thou canst not speak love thee best of all for. and he took the horse and arms from them. And one day Arthur and his household were going to church. couldst thou speak. left And Peredur went back. And the knight thrust at him . And Peredur spurred and ran at him wrathfully. And Peredur met the attendants as they were going back. his horse. "by the valor men I will not go hence until have my horse and my arms to overthrow yonder boor. and all those who saw him arise and go to do battle with the knight went upon the tops of the houses. and overthrew him. and he went on foot Then Peredur went by the name of the Dumb Youth. fiercely. and cast him a long way from him. and raised him out of his saddle." said Arthur. desperately. for a 1 25 And week he overthrew one knight every day. and the high places. and Peredur fought with him. severe. And. and they beheld a knight nal for combat. adroit. and proceeded to the meadow. and the horse and the arms with the attendant as before. I do love thee above all. by my faith. him a and strong under his jaw. although thou canst not. deadly-wounding. behold. but he was not thereby moved from where he stood. to the palace. Angharad Law Eurawc met him. " I declare to Heaven." Then went the attend- ants to fetch Arthur's horse and arms. and he gave thrust.Peredur the Son of Evrawc." said . she. And. to behold the combat. chieftain." . And Peredur beckoned with his hand to the knight to commence the fight. and the mounds. furiously. of who had I raised the sig- "Verily. furious.

And of he came and sat by them upon the bench and one the maidens looked steadfastly upon Peredur. a short space from him he saw signs of a dwelling. and Peredur went with him. And hall." " This palace the maiden." said Peredur.' " inquired Peredur. " If thou art so daring as to tell remain here to-night. and the dog killed the hart in a desert place. grief that I "Through " should see so fair a youth as thou art slain. thee." . and wept. his And let loose dog upon a hart. is owned by him who slays every is my father. And then he held fellowship with all Gwalchmai. I will thee." Thereupon it was known that he was Peredur." Who will slay me . and household . and towards the dwelling and at the he went. and he went Peredur to hunt. "By my faith I also do love thee. "Heaven reward my sister. as became persons of high rank. . and Owain the son of Urien. I will listen unto thee. And Peredur asked her wherefore she was weeping.126 77^1? Boy's Mabinogion." said "and he one who comes hither without his leave." " How great soever my danger may be from remaining here. Arthur was in Caerlleon-upon-Usk . And when he entered he beheld three maidens sitting on a bench. the and he remained in Arthur's court. and he beheld a door of the hall he found bald swarthy youths playing at chess. and they were all clothed alike.

And after the tumult there in a huge black one-eyed man. And he came to heard a great tumult." Then Peredur came towards them the ladies. he said to the black man. "whatsoever he may say to thee in jest. and the maidens arose meet him. who does violence and wrong unto and who renders justice unto none. to the fire." said the maiden." " For thy sake I will have patience." said the "It is one of my to black man. and I will grant him his life this night. have patience with him." habits. "that whosoever puts shall not escape me the question which thou hast asked life. arrayed him. " 1 27 What sort of a man " ? is thy father. so mighty as thou who could have put out thine eye." said one of the maidens." "Lord. make . " Lord. " It sayest thou art. he looked and asked who the knight was. and entered into discourse with And.Peredur the Son of Evrawc. with his either as a free gift or for a price." hereupon he saw the youths arise. his neigh- And and clear the chessmen from the board. and par- took of food and liquor. " he is at Peredur. that he is able to slay every one thus "A man bors. the fairest and gentlest youth that ever thou didst see. And And they after dis- he had rested and pondered a while. and he went and' sat down. And for the sake of Heaven and of thine own dignity. and through the excitement of liquor. being elated with the is liquor. a marvel to me.

I will tell fighting with the black serpent of the earn. provided thou tell me who thou art. called the is Mound of mound which is Mourning and on the mound there There . desire. And . thou shalt have mercy. is a a earn." thee. to crave his mercy. "Do one of two things. " Couldst thou fight thou hadst arms ? Take. saidst." " Ha. and who put out thine eye. and in the earn there of the serpent there is is a serpent. the next day the black man got up." And thereupon the maiden came to Peredur with such . that I may encounter if thee. what arms thou dost choose. and put on his suffer armor. that whosoever should hold in the other in one hand. he will have as much gold as he may And eye. life this "Willingly grant him his night." said he. for thy sake. man ! " said he. either throw off : thy own armor. "Arise. and on the tail a stone. I lost it in " Lord. and black And Peredur said unto him." and didst promise me just "I will I will do so gladly.128 The Boy's Mabinogion. man. or give arms to me." that night thus they remained. then. in fighting with this serpent was I it that I lost my for And the Black Oppressor am called. good that which thou now. " Black man. arms as pleased him and forced him and he fought with the black man." And And death. man if thou wilt fight with me. and the virtues of the it stone are such. and said to Peredur.

thou wilt come to the palace of the Sons of the King . spoke. but that they may relate the achieve- ments of the household. and that not through disrespect unto the guests." Wherefore are they called thus The Addanc of the lake slays them once every day. "how far is it hence ?" "The same day " " that thou settest forth." " Since thou hast." What achievements are there " asked " Three hundred men there are in her ." said Peredur. And of the this is the manner sit — the three hundred men household next unto the lady. "I will cause that thou continue so no longer. household are related. and round about the mound there are the owners of three hundred tents guarding the serpent. that there is man around me whom I have not oppressed. When " thou goest thence." said Peredur. hence- forth thou wilt be rich through the treasure of the black man whom thou hast slain. and began to converse with Then the maiden him. " If thou wast poor when thou earnest here. thou wilt reach And the day that thou the Mound of Mourning goest . Thou seest the many lovely . thence." So he slew him. and unto every stranger that comes to the court the achieve- ments of her of it. thou wilt come to the court of the Countess of the Achievements. indeed." Peredur the Son of Evrawc.• Peredur. household. I and justice have done unto none. this reason I 129 not a single am called the Black Oppressor." "Tell me.' of the Tortures. been an oppressor so long.

and Peredur besought them. and placed precious balsam upon it. saying. and they rose up. he beheld a it charger arrive. permit him to go with them none to bring thee back to life again. . and was joyful to see him. And two other men came in upon in the their saddles and the maiden treated these two as she same manner had done the it first. And thus they remained that night. And the man rose up alive^ and came place where Peredur was. and a corpse in the And one of the women it arose. " If thou shouldst be slain there." And they rode forward.130 The Boy's Mabinogion. and he came to the palace of the King of the Tor- tures. with a saddle upon saddle. and anointed in a vessel of warm water to the which was below the door. for the sake of the ladies of their but they refused him. and took the corpse from the saddle. and were joyful at his coming. to next morning the youths arose to sally forth. And they told him was an Addanc in a cave. for I need them not. and Peredur followed after . And when he entered the palace he saw none but women. And none your goods do I desire . Then Peredur asked the chieftain wherefore that there was thus. as they began to discourse with him. and greeted him. match yourselves I liketh you with the comely youths of see here. in this court : maidens that there are thou shalt have her whom thou best likest for the lady of thy love. and." I " Lady. came not hither from my country as it to woo but . which slew them once every day. thou hast ." Then Peredur rode Sons of the forward. And love.

whereon sat the fairest lady he had ever beheld. them . And whenever when one tall white sheep bleated. after they had disappeared out of his sight. loved thee. sheep one of the white sheep would cross over and black. would give thee a stone by which in. one of over and become white bleated. And where seek thee "When hand. after placing the stone in Peredur's And river . seek towards India. thou seekest me." And the maiden vanished. and he should by I my troth. and on the one of the other a flock of black sheep. he to a came " mound. side of the river he And on one saw a flock of white sheep. all thou wouldst pledge I me thy faith to love me above women." said Peredur . and that not by courage. and he will slay thee. 1 3 and. but by craft. I know thy quest. through which ran a and the borders of the valley were wooded. and at the pillar.' I beheld thee. become river. he came towards a valley. "for. and on each side of the river were level meadows. the black sheep would cross of the black and. pillar if he slays every one with a poisonous And. . And he saw a tree by the side of the one half of which was in flames from the root to . thou shouldst see him when thou goest not see thee. entrance of the cave there a stone and he sees ." said she. " Thou art going to en- counter the Addanc. He is has a cave." 1 Pcredur the Son of Evrawc. and none see him and from behind the dart. shall I when first . every one that enters." " I will.

. leaf. for onward must " go. And thou shalt see the best greyhounds thou didst ever behold. ing from the And two there were three roads lead- mound : of them were wide roads. or else remain here to see the hounds chasing the roused deer from the wood plain. young man. And when is time to go to my page will come with thee. is — either to to the my which before thee. And certain was he that he had never seen a youth of so royal a bearing as he." ." said the youth "and one proceed to of counsel thee to do. and thou shalt rest in " my palace to-night." Heaven reward I But cannot tarry. road which cave of the Addanc. in- leashes. " And Peredur inquired where One of them goes two things palace. and the other half was green and in full And nigh thereto he saw a youth sitting upon a mound. I will go that way. lying by his side.which is The other road is near here. the three roads went. the top. greyhounds. and the youth greeted him in return. And Peredur saluted the youth. in the chase. in the And wood opposite he heard hounds raising a herd of deer.." And the narrower than the others goes towards the "With thy permission. and where thou wilt find my wife. 132 The Boy's Mabinogion. my I horse to meet me. white-breasted and two and spotted." leads to the town. and the third was more narrow. and the boldest us. to I my palace. kill it them by the water beside meat. and wherein food and liquor may be bought.

and his lance in his right." " " What would'st thou That thou should'st take then. " Lord." " I called. so " >. cave. rode up by his favor of side." Peredur the Son of Evrawc. mon- And Peredur gave the head to the young men. and cut off his head. And peredur greeted the youth kindly. and he pierced him through with his lance. I should prefer your sister to And Peredur rode forward. and half their kingdom with said Peredur. and saluted him. I make ? a request unto thee. with red armor upon him. And as he went in he perceived the Addanc. And. perall took a wife." adventure. an earl from the East marvel that thou should'st offer to become attend- ant to a man whose possessions are no greater than thine . And he looked back. and he heard a noise behind him. should I me as thine attendant. 133 he took the And Peredur went towards the cave. and saw a man upon And the man a red horse. and they offered him in marriage whichever of the three sisters he might choose. left And stone in his hand. "I came not hitherto woo. if I did "I will not conceal from thee what kindred I I am of. of ajid wished him the Heaven and come to man." I "but if. and told him that there was a prediction that he should slay that ster. her. others. Etlym Gleddyv Coch am Country. behold." "Whom. the three companions were and they saluted Peredur. as he at came from the the entrance . take as my attendant.

and for his sake did I come to joust with thy houseI. and ." Of a truth. but I will go with thee. all Heaven reward I and I will take the man whom love above others.134 The Boy's Mabinogion. and. fair youth." .-'" is the man whom I I have never seen him. behold. "I thank Heaven that I have a youth so fair and so valiant as thou." man whom best I "Who is he whom best thou lovest " By my faith. And Peredur. For whoever should overthrow the three of her hundred men ess. will take thee And and all they went forward to the court of the countess. ." And the countess became Etlym's bride from that moment. Etlym is my companion ." my attendant. own for I have but an earldom be like thyself. here he is. they of the court were glad at their coming it . I But." thee. hold. having overthrown the three hundred hold. lord. thy hand. and the countess said." said . since thou desirest to joyfully. and they were told was not through disrespect they were placed below the household. And he could have done so better than had it pleased him. sat men of her house- down beside her. " And I do give thee unto him. since I have not obtained the love. household would all sit next the count- and she would love him above men. but that such was the usage of the court. Etlym Gleddyv Coch love best. And "By the next day Peredur set forth towards the Mound of Mourning.

them to they came sight "Go desire unto yonder men.: Peredur Etlym. and to give them their choice." "Not so. inquired of told die. and whoever should be conqueror among us would have the stone. lord." said they: "we will go all together to encounter the serpent. for not go back to thy lord making unto kings and as to and barons so arrogant a demand go and do him homage." " Await here. till 135 in Then they went forward the mound and the tents. And they until him they were guarding the serpent " he should For then should we fight for the stone among our- selves. and " them thus Come and do homage " to my lord. of the Son of Evrawc. And they chose rather to do battle. them wherefore they And Peredur were there. "and I will go to encounter the serpent. and the next day he overthrew the owners ." Peredur desired him to go back to them." . either to do him homage or to do battle with him. And tents that day Peredur overthrew the owners of a hundred ." said Peredur to Etlym." said Peredur. of a hundred more and the third day the remaining hundred took counsel to do homage to Peredur." said Etlym." Who is thy lord 1 " said they. "and come and do me homage. "Were earls it permitted to slay a messenger. thou shouldest alive. is " Peredur with the long lance my lord." said unto So Etlym went unto them.

" And he paid to each what he said was his claim." "of all the mills "Wilt thou give me lodging." he answered. "I will gladly. and he . And Peredur rode thence. fairest . and "Reckon up what you have spent since you have been here. and he came to the valley he had ever seen. And and marvelled still more at the number of water-mills windmills that he saw." I will reward thee for having been my And he gave Etlym the stone. chief miller. " I will Go back unto her whom thou lovest best. and attendant." Then he went where the serpent was. and I will repay you to the full. for if the serpent be slain I shall derive no more fame thereto the place from than one of you. of And he required them only that they should acknowledge themselves his vassals. " Heaven repay thee and prosper thee. tall And in a there rode up with him a . it. through which ran a river and he of there he beheld many tents of various colors. And had a Peredur came to the miller's house. and came back to them." said Peredur. "I am the yonder." said he. from the And Peredur asked money as a loan miller.'" said Peredur. "that will not permit . auburn-haired man workman's garb and Peredur inquired of him who he was. And he said to Etlym.136 The Boy's Mabinogion. and the miller fair and pleasant dwelling. I "Verily. and go forward. that he might buy meat and liquor for himself and for the household. and slew said." said Etlym.

and he equipped him- and his horse for the tournament. to his lodging. and then the tournament and drew off his was ended. to his lodging." And And self that night they took their rest. therefore were all these mills constructed. and he went armor. as he was .: Peredur the Son of Evrawc. And he gazed fixedly on the maiden. have no one but the man who is it most valiant for riches does she not require. and took money as -in a loan from the And the third day. like And the next day before. And he inquired of tlie miller wherefore such a multitude was there assembled. Then he asked money of the miller as a loan. head out of a window and he had never seen a maiden more lovely than she. and began to love her from mid-day greatly. miller's wife was wroth with Peredur : neverthe- the miller lent him the money. And he saw a beauteous maiden leaning her of the tent. " either thou art a One thing is certain man from afar. 137 promised that he would pay him again ere he went thence. And was impossible to bring food for so many thousands as are here. And he remained there. the next day Peredur arose. and she . And among the other tents he beheld one which was the fairest he had ever seen. and until evening. he did in manner as he had done the day And at night he came miller. and the less. Said the miller to Peredur. gazing upon the maiden from morning until mid-day. or thou art beside thyself. is The Empress will of Cristinobyl the Great here . And upon her was a garment of satin.

and caused them to be bound like stags. many as he vanquished he sent as a the empress and their horses and arms he sent as a gift to the wife of the miller in payment of the borall rowed money. And Peredur fought well with them. And the third time she sent will. And Peredur went and sat . he a hard blow between the neck and the shoulder. miller. felt the same place." And Peredur smiled on the . the empress sought advice of a wise And man who was in her With thy permission I will go to him myself. and he sent the men to the prison of the empress. and the miller said to him. And the empress sent to the Knight of the Mill to ask him to come and visit her. and he said to her. gift to and all that encountered him that day he And as . and went to the tournament overthrew. a hundred knights to bring him against his and they went to him and told him their mission from the empress. together with the miller. he saw that " was the . or go to the tournament. gazing upon the maiden. " love to come and visit the empress. Do one of two things either turn thy head from hence. And when miller : he looked behind him." So he came to Peredur and saluted him. Peredur attended the tournament until all were overthrown. And they went.138 The Boy's Mabinogion. And Peredur went not for the first nor for the second message. and thrown into the mill-dike. from the edge of it an axe. and the horses and arms to the wife of the miller in payment of the borrowed money. and besought him for the sake of the lady of his counsel .

and gave into the hands of the . and discoursed with her courteously. "bestow on me the goblet. And he dropped upon his knee it before the empress. And Peredur drank the wine. came in with a bowl in his hand it full of wine . entered a And while they were thus. a rough- looking crisp-haired man. filled with a wild beast's wrought into the form it of a goblet and with wine. 139 down in the outer chamber of the tent. they beheld a black man full of enter. And he presented it to the empress. and gave the goblet to the miller's wife. And while they were thus." And Peredur drank the wine.Peredur the Son of Evrawc. And came would the next day he came to visit her. taller than either of the others. and besought her to give to no one who would not fight with him for it. behold. behold. And Peredur took his leave. and besought her fight him. and sent the goblet to the wife of the miller. And they knew not where he And Peredur went and sat beside the empress. and he bent upon his knee. when he into the tent. there was no one chamber less deco- rated than sit. and she came and little dis- placed herself by his side. And there was but course between them." said he. to give to no one but the man who would it "Lady. there black man of larger stature than the other." And she gave to him. and. "Lady. the others. And while they were thus. cl"aw in his hand. and went to his lodging. with a goblet wine in his hand. " bestow on me. And she looked upon Peredur." said Pereit dur.

faith " Goodly Peredur. Arthur was and at Caerlleon-upon-Usk. of — Owain the son of Urien.. his principal palace in the centre of the floor of the hall were four men sitting on a carpet of velvet. it empress. as the story relates. and he sent to the miller's wife. and thou didst the Addanc. riding in her hand to Blacker on. with jagged thongs urge it enter. High cheeks had of a piercing jet. and the other in was as black as deep sunk her head. 140 The Boy's Mabinogion." answered ber it." I "Lady. tent . and slew the three men. and Peredur of the long lance. frightful than her form. and having a rough and hideous aspect. And there- upon they saw a black curly-headed maiden upon a yellow mule. ened downwards.• Then Peredur proceeded to the and the empress said to him. and the next day he accoutred himself and his horse. and Howel the son of Emyr Llydaw." he. and she gave to Pere- dur. and a face lengthnostrils. and went to the meadow. and her hue was not more she. and he besought her to give to none but him it who would fight with it him for it . And her . And that night Peredur returned to his lodging. remember the thou didst pledge kill me when : I gave thee the stone. and a short nose with distended And one eye was mottled gray. were her face and her two hands than the blackest iron covered with pitch . "thou sayest truth do remem- And Peredur was entertained by the empress fourteen years. and Gwalchmai the son Gwyar.

14: — more yellow were they than her back was in the shape size. and all this is Then said she unto Arthur. I greet thee not. of a crook. maidens thee. will be left portionless. and didst see there the youth bearing the streaming spear from the points of which were drops of blood flowing in streams even to the hand of the youth. When thou wast in the court of the Lame King. if he deserve it. the flower of the broom. And And all her figure was very thin and spare. " is May it my dwelling far hence. except Peredur. and the lady whom best he loves with each and whoever would acquire fame in arms and encounters and conflicts. the king would have been restored to health. I know where he may and whoever There a castle on a lofty mountain.Peredur the Son of Evrawc. of fame and is of honor. teeth were long and yellow. in the stately castle of which thou hast heard. Hadst thou done so. ex- cept her feet." lord. which were of huge And she greeted Arthur and his household. and he his will dominions to peace. And it. and a maiden is [is] therein. and many other wonders likewise. thou didst not inquire their meaning nor their cause. shall set . have to endure battles and will and his knights perish. Whereas from henceforth conflicts. and she a prisoner . seeing that thou dost not merit Blind was Fate in giving thee fame and favor. and therein are five hundred and sixty-six knights of the order of chivalry. . " Peredur. And whoso would reach the find summit it. he will gain it there. and wives will be widowed. and because of please thee. to Peredur she spoke harsh and angry words.

" Thou didst deceit. and his whole armor was of the slay same hue. while they were equipping themselves. "here this place or wherever else thou wilt. and Gwalchmai accoutred . will attain the summit of the fame of the world. to maintain." said gage against thee. And the knight with a had upon his shoulder a shield ingrained with gold. of Arthur's household joined themselves with Then likewise said Peredur. Said Gwalchmai. and was equipped with arms and habiliments. will I that my en- counter with thee take place. "By my faith I will not rest tranquilly until I know the story. except Gwalchmai. quilly until I "By my if faith I I will not rest tran- have proved can release the maiden." said Gwalchmai." And. "Behold. that I am not a traitor or deceiver. "Go forward. And he went forward." Then Gwalchmai is my rose up. And he said to Gwalchmai." And many him." I will So the knight went forth. "Willingly. behold a knight came to the gate. and saluted Arthur and all his household. and follow thee. And thereupon she rode away. and the meaning of the lance whereof the black maiden spoke. And he had the size and strength of a warrior. my lord by thy treachery and and that will I prove upon thee." said the knight.142 her free The Boy's Mabinogion. fesse of azure blue upon it." "Before the king whom I obey. either in he.

And when set forth to Gwalchmai and Peredur were equipped. " I if " I will give thee good counsel. and therein thou wilt find my sister." " Peredur the Son of Evrawc." said "and whence of "I come. by reason of their fellowship and of the great friendship that after was between them. And Gwalchmai ? "Heaven prosper thee. and within the fortress a vast palace. himself ." said the knight : see that thou art tired and weary it go unto my palace. And he beheld a knight side." answered Gwalchmai. 143 and there was offered unto him abundance of armor. that advanced at a pran- cing pace. and go for- ward yonder tower. they follow him. ." . "and Heaven reward thee " ! Take to this ring as a token to the porter. comest thou chieftain. and this was the man to saluted him. and lofty towers around it. "from the court Arthur. And they did not go him the in company together but each went his own in way. art thou Arthur's vassal ? by my faith. lord. but he would take none but his own. may " please thee." said he. and tarry there to-night. and the valley he saw a fortress. the palace belonged. coming out to hunt from the other mounted on a spirited black snorting palfrey. At dawn of day Gwalchmai came to a valley." "Willingly. whom he ." "And " Yes." said Gwalchmai. proudly stepping and nimbly bounding and sure of foot .

a sad thing." said the hoary-headed man. and a beauteous and stately maiden was sitting on a chair by the fire." He is Gwalchmai. and they took their repast. behold. And on entering he beheld burning without smoke and with a bright and lofty flame. when their repast was over. and advanced meet him. to the gate. "if thou did'st think that it right for thee to entertain and to sit by yonder man. and proceeded to the tower. lest the man should have a plot against thee." Upon that Gwalchmai arose . And the maiden was to glad at his coming. and went forth." And he withdrew his head. base was girl!" said he. And. that none might enter until the man this . thou would'st not do so. who slew your Gwyar. And he went and sat beside the maiden. And Gwalchmai went a large blazing fire. And Gwalchmai defended the door with a chessboard. and showed the ring.' should return from the chase.144 1^^^ Boy's M'abinogion. " " It is The young girl yonder has been sitting and eating with him father. And while they were thus. "if thou wilt do as I counsel thee. and welcomed him. thereupon. there entered a venerable hoary-headed man. And " "What is all asked he. they discoursed pleasantly together. behold. thou wilt shut the door. the son of . chieftain " said the maiden. ! "Ah. and when he came near unto the door the man with sixty others fully armed was ascending the tower. the earl arrived. "Ah.

is it And we know called. I will come back unto and do one it. and asked her the way to the said to him. I came not here either to acknowledge or to deny having slain thy but I I am on a message from Arthur. my of faith." " said he." said Gwalchmai. but thus And Peredur proceeded towards the and the gate to the hall. "thus it is." two things. of the castle was open. " 145 will Hold thy peace. seeking tidings of the black maiden. what wonders are therein. And when he came . and thereI fore do crave the space of a year until shall return from my embassy. and then. Heaven will avenge him upon thee." castle. ! "Ha. [And many days. And whole Peredur rode forward. and great Peredur deeds of arms and perilous adventures. And after he wandered over the island.. and that is the castle not called the Castle of Wonders. Wonders. and in the middle of the lake there that is a castle. chieftain was wrong of thee to come to my when thou knewest that thou didst slay my father though we cannot avenge him. the next morning he rode forth." "My father . soul. "it said the earl : "I go in." And court and. then. and he could meet with none. upon this palace. and he remained there that night. at last met with a Castle of certain maiden. it.] Then she is "Go over yonder mountain. And the story relates nothing further of Gwalchmai respecting this adventure. and thou wilt find a lake. the earl was joyful concerning Gwalchmai. — either And acknowledge or deny And the time was granted him willingly . Peredur the Son of Evrawc.

to the Castle of Ysbidinongyl." But. thou wilt not " Wilt thou direct " I will me thither . the black maiden in his lap." she So he went of Peredur. show thee the way. thou wilt recover if the chessboard. And is way in which thou mayest recover the chessboard to repair to the Castle of Ysbidinongyl. maiden " said " That thou hast occasioned unto the empress the loss of her chessboard. return alive. And the side that he favored lost the game. beheld a chessboard in the hall. and the chessmen were playing against each other by themselves. which she would not have the lost for all her empire." said he. behold. and he entered. and he fought with the black man. thou canst slay him. man who if lays waste the dominions of the empress and. he had done thus. thou goest there. and thereupon the others set up a shout as though they had been living men. replied. and took the chessmen chessboard into the lake. said to him.• " said Peredur." "What Peredur. " thou cause the chessboard to be restored to the place where it was when I entered the hall. complaint hast thou against me. And he." . and cast the And when .146 The Boy's Mabinogion. And Peredur was wroth. And the black man besought mercy on condition that " Mercy will I grant thee. where is a black . the door was open. "The welcome of came in and she Heaven be not unto thee. Thou } hadst rather do evil than good.

o .

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and slay him." " Peredur the Son of Evrawc. is And. ." said Peredur. "The Heaven attend thee monster alive for thy work. And when he returned there. And he destroys the branches of the best trees in the forest." "I granted him his " find life." The chessboard it : is not in the place where thou didst she. "wilt thou come and show this animal. and said.''" me " Not so. maiden ! " said Peredur. go back. is unless thou dost slay the monster that " in yonder forest. and he has one horn spear. he comes every night and drinks up the fish-pond and leaves the fishes exposed. and he kills every animal that he meets with therein. " for he has not permitted any mortal to enter the forest for above a twelvemonth." answered So Peredur went back. to the palace." What monster is is there is ? " It a stag that as swift as the swiftest bird . as long as the shaft of a is and as sharp as whatever sharpest. 147 maledic- Then tion of left that the maiden came to him. "where is the empress } " I declare to Heaven that thou wilt not see her now. he found the black maiden "Ah. so that for the most part they die before the water returns again. "that he might cause the chessboard to be restored." said Peredur. and slew the black man. since thou hast who lays waste all the possessions of the empress. and those that he doth not slay perish of hunger. what worse than that." said the maiden ." "Maiden. therefore. in his forehead.

dog went as a guide to Peredur." Then the Peredur was. and the head and the body of the stag lay before her. and brought him towards the place where And the stag attacked Peredur. and he let as he did so. here is The Boy's Mabinogion. And .' is there any way by unto which " can obtain thy friendship is. 148 Behold." . cast the black were clad in huge as often as Peredur And they fought." There she replied. which thee." " I was entreated so I to do. and thou shalt have my friendship.she. man And to the earth he would jump again . with his sword. his horse mounted upon a bony horse. a Uttle dog belonging to the empress. " Go thou : forward find yonder mountain." of So Peredur proceeded onward. and both he and rusty armor. he saw a lady on horseback coming towards him. And she took the little in the lappet of her cap. and roused the stag. And a black man arose from beneath the cromlech. " said . while he was looking dog at the head of the stag. smote off his head And. And around the stag's neck was a golden " Ha. and challenged any man to fight. and will chase him towards and the stag little will attack thee. and came to the side the grove. will rouse the stag. and. he him pass by him. chieftain ! collar. " uncourteously hast thou acted in slaying the fairest jewel that was in my do- minions. and there thou wilt a grove and in the grove there is a cromlech do thou there challenge a man three times to fight.

" said the of the black youth. so that he could not gain sight of him a second time. which the black man had taken. And hall. and the head was thy cousin's. and go to fight the black when thou lech. the Son of Evrawc. And came with the bloody head along the shaft and with the lance that streamed with blood from the point to the hand. and as he entered it he saw a in." . who also is lamed thine uncle . wherein was a river. and he was killed by the sorceresses of Gloucester. and when thou didst throw down the chessboard. and bent upon the knee before Peredur.Peredur into his saddle. and on the other side of the mountain he beheld a castle in the valley. 149 And Peredur dismounted. all '. and Ysbidinongyl. and when thou didst slay the black man of when thou didst slay the stag. didst I man of the cromin the salver. he went to the castle . and thereupon the black man disappeared with Peredur's horse and his own. and I am thy cousin. and the door of the hall was open. and drew his sword . " Lord. And they were glad concerning Peredur. And he went and seated himself on the other side of the hoary-headed man. behold a yellow-haired youth came. and he went And there he saw a lame gray-headed of the hall. in the same stall with that of Gwalchmai. And Peredur went along the mountain. man sitting on one side Peredur with Gwalchmai beside him. " it was I that came in the form maiden to Arthur's court. And beheld his horse. and besought his friendship. And there a prediction that thou art to avenge these things. Then.

and by destined to be fell whom they were slain. and smote the sorceress on the helmet . and all her head-armor was split in two parts. every one. and a second time he forbade sorceress slew a And the third time . the sorceresses. And she set up a cry. and told them that this was Peredur. and desired the other sorceresses to flee. counsel. and slew the sorceresses Gloucester. and Peredur bade her sorceress slew a men before forbear. Then Arthur and his household of upon the sorceresses. And the the man man before Peredur's face a second time. her. and sent to Then Peredur and Gwalchmai took Arthur and his household to beseech them to come against . And they began to fight with them and one of the sorceresses slew one of Arthur's Peredur's face. the man who had learnt chivalry with them. .150 The Boy's Mabinogion. And thus ' is it related concerning the Castle of Wonders. before the face of Peredur and then Peredur drew his sword.

a . Then Madawc offered to become master of the household. and carrying away prisoners. But lorwerth refused this. And at that time he had a brother lorwerth the son of Maredudd. 151 THE DREAM OF RHONABWY. And him they resolved to de- spatch some of their number to go and seek a maintenance for him. And lorwerth made an inroad into Loegria. IV /TADAWC within its the son of Maredudd possessed Powys boundaries. of the men who was upon this quest was called And Rhonabwy and Kynwrig Vrychgoch. And he sought his fellows and his foster-brothers. and burning houses. and to have horses and arms and honor. from Porfoed to ^^ ^ Gwauan in the uplands of Arwystli. and to fare like as himself. which he shared not. Now one Rhonabwy.The Dream of Rhonabwy. and they determined to place an hundred each of the three men men of in Commots of Powys to seek for him. And they spread these men over the plains as far as Nillystwn Trevan. and took counsel with them what he should do in this matter. slaying the inhabitants. And Madawc took counsel with the Powys. in rank not equal to himself. And lorwerth had great sorrow and heavi- ness because of the honor and power that his brother enjoyed.

eat. 152 The Boy's Mabinogion. with a burthen of fagots on his back. they And when hall. and a pale. so slippery with the mire of cattle. of the house Thereupon behold the people —a ruddy. a man of Moelvre in Kynlleith. was it to any one who should get upon that And when they had sat down. fire And they barely welcomed the men. and milk and water. and Cadwgan came together Vras. whence issued a great smoke and on entering. And the hag spoke not. entered. and kindled a with the boughs. slender woman. that it was on scarcely to be borne as rose up the nostrils. to the house of Heilyn Goch. clownish. were the people but muttered. of man Mawddwy. And the woman cooked — barley bread. they beheld cells full of and very gloomy. so that it was . were. whereof the had browsed the sprigs. And whenever upon the fire. a man might go up cattle to his ankles in water and And came dust. there were boughs of holly spread over the floor. they came near saw an old very black and having an upright gable. and it was difficult to stand thereon. she felt cold. and on one side an old hag making a fire. the son of Cadwgan the son to the house. and gave them to there arose a storm of wind and rain. And something. they asked the hag where of the house. also carrying a bundle under her arm. : And the other side was a yellow calf-skin on the floor privilege a main hide. curly-headed man. they found the floor full of puddles and mounds was it . When they to the hall of the house. she cast a lapful of it chaff and raised such a smoke.. of Iddon. and cheese. And where the puddles dirt.

with their journey. horse. low satin sewn with green and on his thigh was a gold-hilted sword. a heavy sleep fell on Rhonabwy's companions. he beheld a youth with yellow curling hair. like As he journeyed.The Dream of Rhonabwy. and clasped with . And his there he slept. whereof the legs were gray of the forelegs. they laid themselves down. to And when they looked at the couch. And 153 being weary hardly possible to go forth with safety. and from the bend And the rider wore a coat of yelsilk . it seemed be made but of a little coarse straw full of dust. and he thought that he went Rhyd y Groes on the Severn. whereof heard he never and looking behind him. was upon the rug. it As soon as sleep had come upon his eyes. and sought to sleep. seemed to him that he was journeying with towards companions across the plain of Argyngroeg. with a scabbard of new leather of Cor- dova. he went to But Rhonabwy. mounted on a chestnut from the top of the hindlegs downwards. all the straw that was placed at the head it and the And upon was stretched an old . the before . belted with the skin of the deer. and an sheet. and with his beard newly trimmed. of slits. the stems of boughs sticking up there through cattle for the had eaten foot. russet- colored rug. ill-stuffed pillow. threadbare and ragged full and a coarse sheet. not thought he should calf-skin that being able either to sleep or to suffer less if rest. with . he heard a mighty noise. and a worn-out cover upon the And after much suffering from the discomfort of their couch. lie upon the yellow was stretched out on the floor.

I was one messengers between Arthur and Medrawd and I his nephew." "And wilt thou tell us what thy nickname "I will tell you. chieftain since thou hast mercy upon me." said Rhonabwy. tell me am who thou will art. of the " Why art thou called thus "I will tell thee." " Ha. they besought his "You have also it gladly." said ! he : "fear nought. fierce So upon was the aspect of the knight. overtaken them. with green And rider the green of the caparison of the horse and of his was as green as the leaves of the fir-tree. And the knight pursued And when distant the horse breathed forth. "I not conceal of my . at the battle of Camlan desire was then a reckless youth. lineage from thee. and when he drew in his breath. but by my nickname." " . and the yellow was as yellow as the blossom of the broom. and they began to them. and to show him that he was his fosterwrath when I . over this was a scarf of yellow satin wrought the borders whereof were likewise green.? " said Rhonabwy. even to the horse's chest. and stirred up was sent by Arthur the emperor to reason with Medrawd. that fear seized flee. ^^ And silk. "> is It is I Iddawc Cordd Prydain. they were drawn near to him. chieftain . them. 154 gold." " Ha. And when he had mercy. I Iddawc the son Mynyo yet not by my name. the men be- came from him. and through my for battle I kindled strife between them. am I best known. Boy's Mabinogion.

and went to the Llech Las to do penance. and to seek for peace. and these from their horses' chests upwards were and below blacker than jet. And jet. his sleeve was whiter than and thicker than a warrior's ankle. And auburn-haired youth stood before him. And there I I remained doing penance seven years. and clad in a coat and cap of jet-black satin. And whereas Arthur charged of. And for a mile around the ford on both sides of the road they saw tents and encampments. Camlan North Britain And I left three nights before the end of the battle of in them. and his eyebrows black as and such part of his wrist as could be seen between his glove and the lily. with his sheathed sword in his hand. flat and there they beheld Arthur. lest the sons of the Kings of the Island of Britain and of the nobles should be slain. and after that don. island having Bedwini the bishop on one side of him. I me with the fairest sayings he could think uttered unto therefore Medrawd I called the har-shest I could devise." gained par- And they journeyed over the plain of Argyngroeg as far as the ford of Rhyd y Groes on the Severn. his face was white as ivory.-for from this did the battle of Camlan ensue. And they came to the edge of the ford. sitting on a below the ford. troop coming towards the Then they beheld another whiter than the lily. And . 155 father and his uncle.The Dream of Rhonabwy. And am Iddawc Cordd Prydain. Kaw on the other. ford. and there was the clamor of a miehty host. and Gwarthegyd the son of a tall.

didst thou strike "Wherefore it my me ? horse .?" "The most this island. had it been with the bare if blade. and that mighty host moved forward. eloquent and the wisest youth that of Taliesin. and asked of him." " 156 The Boy's Mabinogion. or in counsel unto " Thou dost indeed lack counsel." Then Iddawc took. What madness thee to ride so furiously as to dash the water of the ford over Arthur. each troop in its . so that they were as wet as if they had been drenched in the river." his horse " } is in — Adaon. so that they were as wet as ? if they had been dragged out of the river "As counsel. it would have been a marvel wounded. will I take it. the so horse over the nostrils with his sheathed that. Rhonabwy behind him on his horse." said Rhonabwy. "Iddawc. and the consecrated bishop. And the knight drew sword half out of the scabbard. the son of Gwyddno. — Elphin. and their counsellors. "who was yonder knight." So he turned his horse's head round towards his army. they saw one of these knights go before the his horse into the ford in and spur such a manner that the water dashed over Arthur and the bishop. rest. the son "Who was the man that struck "A youth of froward nature. as well as the his the bone had not been flesh. then. And as he turned the head of his horse.-" Whether was caused in insult. the youth who stood before Arthur struck sword. and those holding counsel with them.

though they were of a pure white in every other part. And their banners were jet-black with pure white at the point of each. with borders of of man wore garments pure white to every and the tops the shoulders and the knees of their horses were pure white. he heard a . And he cousin unto Arthur. towards Cevndigoll. One troop there came of brilliant white. with black points to them "Iddawc. And troops coming towards the ford. "Iddawc. the son is of Meirchion." And when army of they had overtaken the host. is their prince. and Rhonabwy looked along he beheld two fair the valley of the Severn. ners were pure white. and Edeyrn. great tumult and confusion amongst the host and such as ." " The Dream of Rhonabwy. further on he saw a troop whereof each of jet-black." said Rhonabwy. the son Nudd. whereof every one of the with jet-black borders. "who are the jet-black They are the is men of Denmark ." said troop yonder " of . and March. Rhonabwy. and he perceived that he and Iddawc journeyed the same road as Arthur. 1 5 7 And when they came to the middle of the ford of the Severn. their prince. Iddawc turned his horse's head. "who are yonder pure-white troop ? " They are the men of Norway . order. Arthur and his mighty ones dismounted below Caer Badou." And scarf. And after they had dismounted. And their banall. men had a scarf of white satin And the knees and the tops of the shoulders of their horses were jet-black.

in the centre and such as had been moved to the flanks. behold. whitest lily. that it. ill-favored man." said Rhonabwy. and the tumult ceased. And he spread the carpet before Arthur. And it the similitude of two serpents was upon the sword from its in gold. having red whiskers with bristly hairs. made for Kadwr. And then. he horse. clad. and a carpet of diapered satin. so wonfor was the sword. and he drew a golden chair out of the pack.? the man who it is bore " Kadwr. and the earl returned to the tent. derful and then." 158 were then The Boy's Mabinogion. is "Iddawc. the Earl of Cornwall. and the rivets redder both he and his mail. call Thereupon they heard a Cornwall in . of which the rings were whiter than the than the ruddiest blood. Earl of of and behold he arose. And the huge red youth dismounted before Arthur. seemed as two flames of burst forth from the jaws of the serpents. whose duty to arm the King on the days of battle and warfare. tall And red horse. with the sword Arthur his hand. And he rode amongst the host. Arthur's servant. "who the sword of Arthur . And when if the sword was drawn fire scabbard. in saw a knight coming. it was hard any one to look upon And the host became still. with the mane parted on each and he brought with him a large and beautiful sumter pack. rough. a red. at the flanks turned to the centre. of and there was an apple ruddy gold at each comer ." And they heard a call made for Eirynwych Amheibyn. behold he came upon a side.

Gwenn was the name of the carpet it and was one of its properties that whoever was upon no one could see him. and a newly-springing beard. bore a heavy three-edged sword with a leather tipped with golden in a scabbard of black fine gold. And they to play. And Arthur of sat within the carpet. "wilt thou play chess ?" I will.. The Dream of Rhonahwy. the red youth brought the chess for Arthur and golden pieces and a board of silver. And while they were thus. And Owain marvelled . and a red flaming tongue. behold they saw a white tent with a red canopy. curling hair. it And would retain no color but its own. and Owain the son Urien was standing before him. and blue eyes. and the figure of a jet-black serpent on the top of the tent. that three armed warriors might have sat it therein. And he came to the place where the emperor at chess. And Owain began . and their when they were best amused with game. 159 carpet. fastened at the insteps with golden clasps. and Owain were playing And the youth saluted Owain. there And came a young page with yellow satin. And he hilt. thereof. and he could see every one. feet. wearing a coat and a surcoat of yellow yellow cloth upon his and hose of thin greenishof and over his hose shoes party-colored leather." said Ar- thur. and he placed the chair upon the And so large was the chair. and red glaring venomous eyes in the head of the serpent. " "Owain." said Owain. lord.

-" of the emperor if it harass and torment and worry thy ravens And. And he was clad in a coat of yellow satin. Then the youth returned That game did they finish. well- grown." "Lord. was in Owain's thought. is it with thy leave that the young pages and attendants . behold. were hose of fine white buckram and buskins leather were over his hose. heavy. the youth should salute him. not that the youth erewhile . And Arthur knew what And he said to Owain. and another they began. and should not have saluted the Emperor Arthur. for he saluted me is. . " Lord. to the place And he where Arthur and Owain were playing And Owain was troubled at chess. "thou hearest what the youth says : if it seem good to thee. with a scabbard of red deer-hide. and." and it is unto thee that his errand Then said the youth unto Owain. . And on his feet of black clasps." said he." said Owain. whereon were golden And came in his hand a huge." " Play thy game. to the tent. and embroidered with threads of red silk. a ruddy when they were in the midst of the young man with auburn curling bright yellow tent hair and large eyes. forbid them from my ravens. game. and having his beard new-shorn. came forth from a upon the summit of which was the figure of a bright red lion.i6o that The Boy's Mabinogion. tipped with gold. be not with thy leave. " Marvel salutes thee now. causS the emperor to forbid them. And he saluted him. falling as low as the small of his leg. three-edged sword.

to thee. beseech hirn to forbid them. And upon his feet were hose and shoes of parti-colored leather. and a precious stone on the eagle's head. And returned to the tent. they them a tent speckled yelof low. and comely. finger. lance." said Owain. And that game was ended. And the youth said unto Owain. small distance from move of the game. at 1 6 his salutation . killing some. and another begun." said the emperor. speckled yellow. . with a newly sharp- and upon the lance a banner displayed. with ruddy cheeks and large hawk's eyes. clasped with gold and the youth was of noble bearing. and told him that his ravens had been . "forbid thy men. came the youth to the place where Arthur was playing at chess with Owain. but Arthur minded it no more than "Is it before. and a scarf of blue satin upon him.1 The Dream of Rhonabwy. first And as they were beginning the beheld at a. and a brooch of gold in the scarf upon his right shoulder as large as a warrior's middle of fine Totness. and with rapid pace. Fiercely angry. And they perceived that he was wroth. and the figure of an eagle gold upon it. And coming out of the tent they saw a youth with thick fair yellow hair upon his head. the largest ever seen. fair of face. And thereupon he saluted Owain. and worrying others ? If against thy will it be. not against thy will that the attendants of the emperor harass thy ravens. In the hand of the youth was a mighty ened head ." if "Lord." it seem good the youth " Play thy game.

the chief part of them. "forbid thy men. and he lifted up the ban. "if it please thee. and some by the ears and others by the arms. furiously and with exultation did they. "Lord. and carried in the air there them up into the air and was a mighty tumult with the flapping of . the wings of the triumphant ravens.1 62 The Boy's Mabinogion. all rose up in the air. were not of were so wounded and bruised. they perceived a knight upon a dun-colored horse coming towards them. clapping their wings in the wind. and with their croaking. And . and there was another mighty tiimult with the groaning of the men that were being torn and wounded." Then said Owain to the youth. slain. descend upon the heads of the men who had . " Go back. And recovering their energy and courage. and shaking off the weariness that was upon them. and as he did so they fierce. and. wrathful and and high of spirit." "Play. looking." said he." said Owain. and wherever lift thou findest the banner. and that such of them as slain killed." up the come what So the youth returned back to the place where the ner strife bore hardest upon the ravens. and let strife at the thickest. that not one raise its them could wings a single fathom above the earth. with one sweep. there pleases Heaven. erewhile caused them anger and pain and damage and they seized some by the heads and others by the eyes. and some of whom were And Arthur and Owain marvelled at the tumult as they played at chess.

The clothing of the horse from the front open- ing upwards was of bright red sendal." " Lord. marvellous was the hue of the dun horse. his right shoulder. his at was astounding for a warrior. He had in his hand a blue-shafted it but from the haft to the point was stained crim- son-red with the blood of the ravens and their plumage. And they perceived that he was harassed and vexed and weary as he came towards them. of the knight. attend- And Arthur looked at Owain and "Forbid thy ravens. and from thence. 1 63 Bright red was and from the top of his legs to the centre of his hoof was bright yellow.The Dream of Rhonabwy. The knight came were to the place where Arthur and Owain seated at chess. of ivory upon it. " play thy game. And ants." answered Owain. however stout heart. the youth saluted Arthur. much more the face of the knight." And they . set with precious stones of great vir- and at the top of the helmet was the image of a its flame-colored leopard with two ruby-red stones in so that it head. Both the knight and his horse were fully equipped with heavy foreign armor. A large his thigh. and told him that the ravens of Owain were slaying his young men and said. had the youth upon and tipped with Spanish The belt of the sword was of dark-green leather with slides. to look at the face of the leopard. was of bright yellow sendal. opening downwards. gold-hilted one-edged sword in a scabbard of light-blue. lance . and a buckle of jet-black upon the A helmet of gold was on the head tue . laton. golden and a clasp clasp.

them fall piecemeal And during the tumult they saw a knight left coming towards them. . and a wailing of men. A And at the top of the helmet was the figure of a flame-colored lion. And the scabbard was of red cut deerskin. which had been newly steeped in blood. the head whereof. was jet-black to the centre of his And the knight and the horse were fully accoutred with huge heavy blue armor. leather. and the foreleg of the horse hoof. in his head. tongue of which was jet-black. long and three- edged and heavy. And when they had played a while. And the youth saluted the emperor. them betwixt them. bearing in his hand a thick ashen lance. having of the and the belt of new red upon it many golden horse. and the ravens were not forbidden any more than before. with a fiery-red tongue. And And a robe of honor of yellow diapered satin was upon the knight. and with venomous eyes. tearing to the earth. with borders of bright yellow. was overlaid with silver. on a light-gray horse." said he. And the knight came. crimson-red. the slides. and the borders of the robe were blue. as they carried the men in their strength into the let air. And the knight returned back towards the strife. wherein were set sapphire-stones of great virtue. and a croaking of ravens. issuing above a foot from his mouth. and a buckle bone of the sea- golden helmet was upon the head of the knight. " Lord. The Boy's Mabinogion.164 played. And on the thigh of the youth was a sword. the housings of the horse were jet-black. they heard a mighty tumult. and.

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as they flung down the armor entire to the ground. and a tongue of yellow gold to the the knight was a bright Upon the head of helmet of yellow laton. with a golden And the belt of the sword was of yellow goldwork. divided in two of parts. wore a sword. ." " Play this game. Then they saw coming on a lofty-headed piebald horse. and as they were finishing that game. of the horse And its the left shoulder was of bright red. and the sons Britain. clasp. white and black. variegated with Spanish laton. 165 and thy young men." said Arthur. " carest thou not for the slaying of thy pages. and the borders of the robe honor were of golden purple. with it. And the knight and horse were equipped with arms of speckled yellow. and a clamor of armed men. and began another lo." said Owain. from the chest to the hollow of the hoof. lord. "forbid thy ravens. and right leg. and a croaking of ravens. was pure white. sparkling stones of crystal in and at the crest of the helmet was the figure of a virtues in its griffin. And there was a robe of honor upon him and upon his horse. three-edged and bright. and the men and a knight the horses piecemeal. and a flapping of wings in the air. So they finished the game." The Dream of Rhonabwy. And above the robe he hilt. they heard a great tumult. of the nobles of the Island of difficult to ? whereby it will be defend this island from henceforward forever "Owain. having it a clasp upon of the eyelid of a black sea-horse. with a stone of many head. And he had an ashen spear in his .

and Then Owain ordered Gwres. and Gwgawn bears Gleddyvrudd." . Then Rhonabwy three inquired of Iddawc to who were him the first men that slain. and Gwres the son of Rheged. Wrathfully came the knight to the place where Arthur . Then Arthur took the golden chessmen that were upon the board. Selyv the son of Kynan Garwyn Powys. men of this island. and all was peace. "and the bravest. Blathaon the son of Mawrheth. with a round shaft. and who would grieve exceedingly that Arthur should have damage in aught." " who Who. And Arthur besought Owain to forbid them. and Hyveidd Unllenn." 1 66 The Boy's Mabinogion.? " The best of men. he the banner in the day of battle and strife." to said Rhonabwy. and was overlaid with was fine silver. And the head of the spear was newly stained with blood. and told him that the ravens were slaughtering his men . colored with azure-blue. to lower his banner." said Iddawc. and he told him that the ravens had and the sons of the chief slain his house- hold. " were the last three men who came Arthur. and Rhuvawn Pebyr the son of Prince Deorthach. hand. " They were should suffer men who of grieved that Owain loss. his fellow-chieftains and companions. So it was lowered. and he besought him to cause Owain to forbid his ravens. crushed them until they became as dust. the son of Rheged. came Owain to tell his ravens were being Said Iddawc.

[and many more beside]. and Gwarson. the Bishop. "who was the auburn-haired man to whom they came just now } "Rhun the son of Maelgwn Gwynedd. a man whose prerogative it is that he may join in counsel with all. "Iddawc. Then Kadyriaith the son of Saidi be- sought that a truce might be granted to Osla Gyllellvawr for the space of a fortnight and a month." " The Dream of Rhonabwy. burdens of gold and of and a tired. bringing tribute to Arthur from the Islands of Greece. of thegyd the son of Kaw. and no man understood those verses but Kadythey were in Arthur's praise. behold four and twenty knights came of from Osla Gyllellvawr to crave a truce fortnight and a month. asses." said Rhonabwy. as- man was way off. Arthur for a And Arthur a little arose and went to tall take counsel. with their riaith only. curly-headed And he came to where a auburn. — Bedwini. 167 And with that. and that the asses . Kady- son of Saidi. lo. and many of the many of the men of Norway men of Greece. bards came and recited verses before Arthur. and and Denmark. there came four and twenty silver. and there he sembled his counsellors." " And wherefore did they admit into counsel with men of such dignity as are yonder a stripling so young as ? Kadyriaith the son of Saidi "Because there skilled in counsel is not throughout Britain a man better than he. behold. save that And. wayworn man with each of them. Gildas the riaith the Kaw." Thereupon.

" And through the greatness of the tumult that ensued. Rhonabwy awoke. And when he awoke he was upon the yellow calf-skin. And this is the reason that no one knows the dream without a book. . him be with him to-night will not. and that their verse might be recompensed during the time of the truce. let arose. And this tale is called the Dream of Rhonabwy. colors of the scarfs. and of the precious and of the virtue-bearing stones. having slept three nights and three days. "would it not be wrong to who can coming to the councils of his lord give counsel so liberal as this from " .'' Then Kai Arthur. let Cornwall to and whosoever him be opposed Arthur even during the truce. and the many wondrous arms and of the panoply. "Whosoever in will follow . neither bard nor gifted seer. to the bards and the burdens they carried might be given to be to them as the reward for their stay. because of the various colors that were upon the horses.1 68 The Boy's Mabinogion. "Rhonabwy." forbid a youth said Iddawc. And thus it was settled. and he said.

and once upon a time he was at Narberth. So he set forth from Nar- berth that night. — a cry different from his own. and brought down. as he followed the dogs. was and of a brilliant shining white.Pwyll. was lord of the seven Can- trevs of Dyved . as it reached the middle of the glade. he lost his comto the hounds. it Then looked he . "pWYLL. For their hair . at the color of the dogs. and coming in the opposite direction. And that night he tarried there. his chief palace. And plain. and began the chase. and he was minded to go and hunt. and went as far as Llwyn Diarwyd. staying not to look at the stag all and of the hounds that he had seen in the world he had never seen any that were like unto these. Prince of Dyved. And. And . he saw a stag before the other dogs. the dogs that followed the stag overtook it. he beheld a glade in the wood forming a his dogs level and as came to the edge of the glade. and sounded the horn. and early on the morrow let loose he rose and came to Glyn Cuch. and their ears were red as . 1 69 PWYLL. panions and whilst he listened he heard the cry of other hounds. and the part of his dominions in which it pleased him to hunt was Glyn Cuch. lo. when he the dogs in the wood. PRINCE OF DYVED. -*- Prince of Dyved.

the And I horseman drew near. it is by want " of courtesy. chieftain. killing the stag away the dogs that were it and to set I upon thine own. and drove away those that had brought his down the stag. This was discourteous." "What is it. with a hunting-horn round his neck. in the fashion of a hunting-garb. and I though may not be revenged upon thee. and spake unto him thus art." ." said he. the whiteness of their bodies shone. and set own dogs upon as he And was setting on his dogs he saw a horseman coming towards him upon a large light-gray steed. I will redeem thy friendship." "Verily." said he. "thou art of such dignity that thou shouldest not do so. he came towards the dogs. " I know who thou and greet thee not." " : lyo The Boy's Mabinogion. " if I have done ill." chieftain ?" asked he. yet declare to Heaven of that I will do thee more dishonor than the value an hundred stags. then. reason of thine own ignorance and What discourtesy." " O chieftain " ! he replied. " Chieftain. so did the redness of their ears glisten." said Pwyll. And it." " How wilt thou redeem it ." "Peradventure. hast thou seen in I me ." answered he. and clad in garments of gray woollen. O " By Heaven.? "Greater discourtesy saw " than to drive never in man. "it is not my dignity that prevents me.

" he "There is man whose dominions are opposite to mine. am "After a this " Lord." " will I will show thee. Prince of Dyved. is who is ever warring against me." said he. shalt thou gain " Gladly will I my friendship." answered I. " According as thy dignity 1 7 may be. that has always followed me. ." said he." he.• manner mayest thou." he answered." said he." " " 1 Pwyll." said he " but when I shall have been there for I the space of a year. Behold thus it . " Arawn.'' prosper with thee And of from what land comest thou " From Annwvyn. " may the day . " Yes. But I know not come. shall shall know not And this be for the space of a year from to-morrow. in my stead. and he Havgan. is : I make firm friendship with thee and this will I do. nor an man I. and I will put of my form and semblance upon thee." ! who thou art." do this. which thou canst " and by ridding me of this oppression." I in "A crowned king am the land whence I " Lord." . I will send thee to Annwvyn officer. and then we will meet in this place. a king of Annwvyn. Show me how thou mayest I may. by what means shall discover him of" whom thou speakest "One year from this 1 night. easily do. "how may I gain thy friendship said. "is the time fixed between him and me that we should meet at the . a king Annwvyn. so that not a page nor any other that it is the chamber.

and chambers. and with one stroke that thou givest him. and when he came there he beheld sleeping-rooms. and myself will be thy guide. "will " Clear shall be thy path. "I will cause that no one in ions. he shall no longer live. "what shall I do concerning my kingdom ." set forward. will Enter the court : there is no one there who is know thee. And two And knights came and drew his hunting-dress from about him." said Pwyll. Be thou there in my likeness.? Said Arawn.^nd there And he went came youths and pages and disarrayed him." in thy power." 172 Ford. neither all thy dominI man nor woman. for when I did so. and when thou seest done there. " Behold. how much soever he may entreat thee . and the most beautiful buildings ever seen. the hall was prepared. The Boy's Mabinogion. he fought with me next day as well as ever before. " the court and the kingdom what service the court. and I will go there in thy stead. I "Gladly then. and all as they entered saluted him. until and nothing thou come into my dominions. shall know I that am not thou." "Verily." said Pwyll. into the hall to disarray. give it not. thou wilt know the customs of So he went forward to the court. And if he ask thee to give him another." said he. and behold he saw the house- ." shall detain thee. and clothed him in a vesture of silk and gold." So he conducted him palace and its until he came in sight of the dwellings. and halls.

and leave the fight to be between them. behold this was the best supplied with food and drink. It is and spake thus: "Lords." in the first Thereupon the two kings approached each other middle of the Ford. Prince of Dyved. it was remembered even by those who and he went lived in the furthest part of his dominions. and do of you stand aside. and discourse with his companions. kings that this meeting is. hold and the host enter in. And he began to speak with the queen. and he thought from her speech that she was the seemliest and most noble lady of converse and of cheer that ever was. And with them came in likewise the queen. And when he came to the Ford. and feasting. and one table. until the night that was fixed for the conflict. and sat. the queen upon one side of who seemed to be an earl on the other side. "listen well. and at the . and between them Each all claimeth of the other his land and territory. . a knight arose." said he. between two only. and diversions. and encountered. And when to that night came. 173 and the host was the most comely and the best equipped that he had ever seen.Pwyll. who was the fairest woman that he had ever yet beheld. And she had on a yellow robe of shining satin and they washed and went to the him. And the year he spent in hunting. partook of meat and drink. and the nobles of the kingdom with him. and vessels of gold and royal jewels. and minstrelsy. the meeting. And they . with songs and with feasting and of all the courts upon the earth.

" My nobles.174 thrust the The Boy's Mabinogion. I will not do so. " ." "Ah. he who comes hum- bly should be received graciously but he that doth not come with obedience swords. what right hast thou in to my death ? I was not injuring thee any thing. But." said the nobles." Havgan. for the love of Heaven. man who was in twain. My " death has come. so that his and armor was broken . in his power. "take counsel. and the next day by noon the two kingdoms were thereupon he went to keep his Cuch. tryst." my no "Lord. and Hav- gan himself was borne to the ground an arm's and a spear's length over the crupper of his horse. and I know not wherefore thou wouldest slay me." also said he who was in the semblance of to be Arawn. be no more able to uphold you." said Havgan. for there is Annwvyn it is but thee. and he began conquer the country . and know who ought subjects." I said shall me hence. And and came to Glyn ." shall be compelled by the force of And thereupon he received the homage of the to men." : he replied. " bear My trusty lords." right that ." he replied. " chieftain. and he re- ceived a deadly blow. "all should be king over the whole of " Yes. since thou hast begun to slay me. "O cause chieftain. complete thy work. in the stead of Arawn struck it Havgan on the centre was cloven of the boss of his shield. that unto thee slay thee "I may yet repent doing who may.

" said Arawn.and dominions. 175 And when see the other. "thou wilt I have done for thee. to sleep than to And when was time for them rather carouse. they went to rest. he came there. compared with before. had been " Lord. bestowing thy and thy justice was never more worthily seen than in this year. came likewise to his country . how his what it rule had been during the past year.." Then Arawn gave to Pwyll. and began to inquire of the nobles of the land. When ! thou comest thyself to thy dominions. thy friendship towards "may Heaven reward thee for me I have heard of it. the king of Annwvyn was rejoiced to there to meet him. " thy wisdom was never in so great. his proper his own. . Pwyll. and he sat and conversed with it his wife and his nobles. Prince of form and semblance. Whatever thou hast done may Heaven repay Dyved. and wondered no more at his coming than And that day was spent in joy and merriment usual. and thou wast never so kind or so free gifts . and he himself took And Arawn set forth towards the court of Annwvyn and he was rejoiced when he beheld his hosts and his household. whom he had not seen so long but they had not known of his absence. thee. Prince of Dyved. ." for me. and each of them was "Verily." said they." . Prince of Dyved. Pwyll." said see that which " it he.

Once upon a time Pwyll was palace." And thereupon Pwyll related the whole unto them. lord. Prince of Dyved. and withhold not from us the rule which we have enjoyed for this year past. and was called Pwyll. "for all "By Heaven. 176 The Boy's Mabinogion. " it it is peculiar to the mound that whosoever sits upon cannot go thence without either receiving wounds or blows. said he." said one of the court." said that thou hast such Heaven a fellowship. chief Annwvyn. And after the first meal. from that time forward. and united the two kingdoms in one day by his valor and prowess. his chief where a feast had been prepared for him." answered Pwyll. and having ruled there so prosperously. "render thanks unto " Verily." . at Narberth. of his And by reason having dwelt that year in Annwvyn.. Pwyll arose to walk. And thenceforth they made strong the all friendship that was between them. " Lord. or else seeing a wonder. thus hath this matter been. and with of him was a great host was above the men." " I take Heaven to witness that I will not withhold it. and such jewels as they thought would be pleasing to each other. and each sent unto the other horses and greyhounds and hawks." the good you have en- joyed you should thank him who hath been with you for behold. mound and was called Gorsedd Arberth. and he went to the top of a that palace. he lost the name of of Pwyll. they.

" said Pwyll." Pwyll. and as he came upon the road meet her she passed on foot . and take the fleetest horse that thou seest. plain. the farther was she from him. "My " men. at first. her. the it farther profited was she from him. Yet she held the same pace as fail . by. . and go after her. being and the greater was his speed. and he followed as fast as he could. he returned to Pwyll. "go unto the palace. I will go therefore and upon the mound." of you and meet we may know who she And to one of them arose . to an open level and put spurs to his horse and the more he urged his horse. And when it he saw that him nothing to follow her. Prince of Dyved." And he took a horse and went forward. wounds and blows in the midst of such a host as this I but as to the wonder." said Pwyll. he returned to the place where Pwyll was. gladly would sit see it. world to follow her on foot." said they. coming along the highway that led from the mound to and the horse seemed move at a slow and even pace." idle for any one in the "Verily. on a pure white horse of large with garment of shining gold around . and to be coming up towards the mound. lord. size. is and said unto him. " I 1 77 fear not to receive . And they saw a lady. that " Go one is. And he came . her." while he sat there. And upon a the mound he sat. " Lord. "is there any among you who ? knows yonder lady There is not. And his horse began to and when his horse's feet failed him.

and there was a clear space But her speed was no greater than it had been the day before. and thought. "here the lady of is. to learn who she My lord. she passed by. " there must be some So illusion here. "Behold. And same " as they sitting down they beheld the lady on is the same horse. Then he put his horse into an amble. will avail "Lord. . And went towards the mound. and they spent that day." said Pwyll. youth." Of a truth. coming along the road. " we will go." And there- upon the lady came opposite to them. Make ready." said he to one of his young men." yesterday." said he." his said he. "take the in the field. taking the horse with them. that. to the top of the mound. And after the first meal. So the youth mounted horse . and " availed me not to pursue her. "Verily." to the palace they went. "it follow yonder lady." swiftest horse that thou knowest they And were thus did the young man. Let us go towards the palace. « that will I gladly do. pace her. And it the next day they arose. he should soon overtake so he gave his horse the But this availed still him not : And he came no nearer to her than when he went at a foot's pace. And the more he urged his horse." said Pwyll. I nothing for any one to in these realms know it of no horse swifter than this.1/8 The Boy's Mabinogion." said Pwyll. notwithstanding the gentle which his horse went. the same party as yesterday. and in the same apparel. And do thou. and that also they spent until was time to go to meat. reins. at between them. and before he had settled himself in his saddle.

and at "Young man. and thought that at the second step or the third he should come up with her. to sit there. follow her. lord. Pwyll Where are the hosts that went yesterday and the day before to the top of the mound " Behold." And no sooner had he mounted his horse than she passed him. When he saw that availed not to follow " Lord." said they. and hasten with him to the road. And do thou. also my spurs with thee. it And said. and followed her. turned after her. Prince of Dyved." any one should avails not that he. " saddle my horse well." said "she must needs if have an errand to some one in this plain. they beheld the lady coming by the same the same pace. lady coming : road. the farther was she from him. " the next day they amused themselves until was time to go to meat. as pleased them. "I see the me my horse. And by Heaven. 1 79 Yet she rode not it faster than before." Pwyll." said he. her haste would allow her palace.' ended." said he to the page who tended his horse. said he." to declare it." And the youth did And they went and sat upon the mound. And ere they had been there but a short time. But he . and in the same manner. And he And he let his horse go bounding playfully. her. and bring thus. And when meat was . we are here. and they spent it that night in songs and feasting. "to the mound. "Let us go." give said Pwyll. "the horse can no " I see indeed that it more than thou hast seen." he returned to the place where Pwyll was. Let us go back to the And to the palace they went.

and began to talk with him. yet he found that availed nothing to follow her. came no nearer Then he urged it his horse to his utmost speed. "I am Rhiannon. " Lady." "I will stay gladly. it "and it were better for thy horse hadst thou asked long since." " Behold. "Lady. "and right am I to see thee. stay for me. was as nothing compared to her beauty. for whom thou best lovest. "O maiden.' "I will tell thee. lord. and where- unto dost thou journey "1 journey on mine own errand." asked he. And she fixed her eyes upon him. " this is to the most pleasing quest on which thou couldst have come. thou." said he." said she.? said." he . tell And wilt thou me who thou art . the sake of him Then said Pwyll. and the ladies that he had ever seen. My me chief quest was to seek thee. yet have one unless thou reject me. the daughter of Heveydd Hen." come ." said she. But no husband would I of my love for thee. "whence comest " ">. neither will And hither have I have. and they sought to give a husband against me I to and that because my will. to hear thy answer. all Then he thought all that the beauty of the maidens. " wilt thou tell me " aught concerning thy purpose " I will tell thee." said glad " she." My greeting be unto thee." said Pwyll." So the maiden stopped." " i8o The Boy's Mabinogion. to her than at first." said she. and she threw back that part of her head-dress which covered her face.

" the more pleasing will wilt. make a pledge to meet " me I ere I am so. his great rejoicing. And the hall was garnished. at the palace of Heveydd.1 Pwyll. he caused a hundred knights go with him to the palace of themselves. so that it And I will cause a feast to be pre be ready against thou come. and vast preparations for coming." that thou " I will meet me this day twelvemonth. " behold this all is my answer. "will keep in this tryst. and there was great joy concerning him." "Lord." I "Gladly. given to another. he always turned the discourse upon other matters. that time And when a year from to equip was gone. it The sooner I may do be unto me. thee would choose." said she. And the whole court was placed under his orders. pared. And he came to the palace. with much concourse of people." "Verily. might choose among I the ladies and damsels in the world. and thus did they sit Heveydd Hen was on one side of And all the rest Pwyll. and be mindful go hence. And whatsoever questions they asked him respecting the damsel. And now will I So they parted. : ." said he. "if thou art thus minded. and he went back to his hosts and to them of his household. " If I 1 8 By Heaven. And they ate and feasted and according to their rank." said she." that thou keep thy promise. and Rhiannon on the other. and they went to meat. "remain health. "and wheresoever thou will there meet with thee." said Pwyll." said Pwyll. Prince of Dyved. and to Heveydd and H^n.

soever thou mayest ask of me. one with another." Nay. and I will do mine errand." said he." said he. " a suitor am I ." said Pwyll. my soul." said Rhiannon." " Do so willingly."" 1 82 The Boy's Mabinogion. "Never did man make worse use of his wits than thou hast done." . of royal bearing. " my errand I is unto thee . soul." said Rhiannon. there entered a auburn- haired youth. '• "Come thou and down." answer ? "wherefore didst thou give that "Has he nobles " } not given it before the presence of these " asked the youth. beginning of the tall carousal the meat. as far as am thou shalt have. " what is the boon thou askest "The night : lady whom best I love is to be thy bride this I come to ask her of thee. and it is to crave a boon of thee that " come." said Pwyll. clothed in a garment of satin. and after at the talked. " Lord." I What boon able. And when he came into the hall he saluted Pwyll and " his companions. of The greeting Heaven be unto sit thee. with the feast this place." and the banquet that are in And "Be Pwyll was silent because of the answer which he had given." My ? said Pwyll. "Ah. silent as long as thou wilt.

Say thou then that never will. feast." " Lady. this given man to me against my will. that are in these seven cantrevs were put into it would been be no fuller than before.? " In thy han'd will " See that thou keep give thee a small bag. come thou of food by thyself. this. and let thy hundred knights be in the orchard up yonder." said whom they would have "And he is Gwawl she. And end of the year be thou here. "and bring this bag with thee. engage to become at the his bride this night twelvemonth. well. clad in ragged garments. and the preparations." said -I me upon answer. And such be thy answer respecting I will And as concerns myself." said she. 1 83 "Lady. power and wealth . until a man of . And when in he is in the midst of joy and feasting. "Bestow me upon him. . " I understand not thine Never can do as thou say est. And it after a great deal has put therein." that " I "and I will cause shall never be his." said she. and holding thy bag in thy hand. he. is "I knew not who he was. Prince of Dyved. which are not hosts and the household will will I Unto the give the feast. lest shame befall thee. a man of great and because of the word thou hast spoken. and ask nothing but a bagful : and I will cause that if all the meat and liquor it." said she." By what means will that I it be " asked Pwyll." the "Behold. and he will ask of thee the banquet and the in thy power. he will ask thee whether thy bag will ever be full. the son of Clud.Pwyll." said he. bestow him.

" said to Gwawl. wind thy horn. turn thou the it. and the warriors that are with us. soul. These can I not suffer to be given to shall In a year from to-night a banquet I be prethy pared for thee in this palace. And they both spent that year until was the time for the feast at the palace of Heveydd Hen. and the household. that Then Gwawl the son was prepared for him.184 The Boy's Mabinogion. Let there be also a good bugle-horn about thy neck. saying. the have bestowed them upon men of Dyved. put therein. and Pwyll also." may become So Gwawl went forth also it to his possessions." replied Pwyll. so that he shall be up over his head in slip and then a knot upon the thongs of the bag." said " My Rhiannon unto him. was received there with rejoicing. any. and when he does so. and as soon as let it thou hast bound him in the bag. that bride. and Pwyll went back to Dyved. they hear the sound of the horn. thou hast asked as it is in my power thou shalt have. the chief .' And I will cause him to Enough has been go and tread down ' the food in the bag." of that "As much to give. bag. " as I for the feast and the banquet that are here. " it is meet that have an answer my request. of Clud set out to the feast and he came to the palace. let And when them come down I upon the palace." " Lord. and be a signal between thee and thy knights. noble birth and of great wealth arise and press the food in the bag with both his feet.

is domains and treasure and tread down with " both his feet the food that say." said he. unless one possessed of lands and shall arise. " I crave but from want and the boon that " ask is to have this small bag that thou seest filled with meat. he went towards the and when he came into he saluted Gwawl the son of Clud." of attendants arose. " will thy bag be ever full all } " It will not. Prince of Dyved. and. and shall 'Enough has been put herein." " It is fitting. came to the orchard with hundred knights. Pwyll." "Welcome be which is thine errand." said Gwawl. A great the bag . and wore large clumsy old shoes upon his And when the hall. I declare to Heaven. it fill but for all that they put into was no fuller than at " first." . and his com- pany. within the bag. both " of men and women. he knew that the carousal after the meat had hall.' ." said he." said he." answered I he. " for that may be put into it. " and the greeting Heaven be unto thee "Lord. of 185 his Annwvyn. garments. begun. is this. ! Heaven prosper thee ! " said " Gwawl. it if thou ask of me that just. My soul. having the bag with him. number and began to it. as Rhiannon had commanded him. And Pwyll was clad in coarse and ragged feet." A request within reason it. " and gladly shalt thou have — Bring him food. "may Heaven reward thee! I have an errand unto thee. thou shalt have gladly.

"Lord. "What is here. all And thereupon the host that had down upon the palace.-' he came in asked. Gwawl was over his horn. so that in it. for he deserves not this." said they. and blew behold his household came they seized cast rags. And as they came every one of Pwyll's knights struck a blow upon the bag. " What game are you playing thus of "The game Badger in the Bag. "if thou wouldest but hear me. said Then " Rise Rhiannon unto Gwawl the son of Clud. striking the bag." "Verily. put his two feet into the bag." "Behold. this is my counsel then. "Thou art now in a position in which behoves thee ." So he rose up. and them and into his his own prison. first And then was the game of Badger in the Bag played." said Pwyll. fitting that were thou listen to him . either with his a And thus played they with the bag. Every one at as . And Pwyll turned up his the sides of the bag. And come with Gwawl. and "I will willingly arise." said it Rhiannon.'" And in this manner they played. head And he shut it up quickly." It Said Heveydd Hdn. he speaks truth. "I will do thy counsel concerning him. and slipped a knot upon the thongs." said he." said the man in the bag. And Pwyll threw off his old shoes. up quickly." i86 The Boy's Mabinogion. and asked. I merit not to be slain in a bag." said they. tattered array. and his in. each of foot or with them staff. "A Badger. "Lord.

"since is the counsel of " Such." the sureties. and : I have many thy leave to bruises.Pwyll. And " this will be punishment enough. "mayest thou do thus. and take a pledge from him that he will never seek to revenge that which has been done to him." I will do this gladly. " Seek thyself sureties." said Heveydd." said liberated. " " It will Do thou thyself draw up the covenant." said the gladly will I man in the bag. And the hall was set in order for Pwyll of the palace." answered they. and the men of his host." sufSce me that it be as Rhiannon said." until his "We will free to of the bag. lord." And upon this he was " out and his liege-men were his sureties. and for them also and they went . And Heveydd numbered Said Gwawl. sureties " Verily." said Pwyll." said Pwyll." So Gwawl went towards his own possessions. " men be let answer for him. to satisfy suitors Prince of Dyved. Heveydd and Rhiannon. then." anSo unto that covenant were the Gwawl." is our counsel." said Pwyll. pledged." said hurt. leave nobles in my answer for me in all that thou shalt require. be for him. : 187 and minstrels let him give unto them in thy stead. " I accept it. have need to be anointed I will with stead I will go forth. " I am greatly I swered Pwyll. it "And accept it." "Willingly. now of Gwawl Heveydd : Demand " we know which should be taken for him.

"My lord. and journeyed to the palace of Narberth." Heveydd. or a ring. and he denied no one while lasted. gladly. I My lord. Pwyll said unto Heveydd. "both to-day and arose. and desired suitors gifts and the minstrels to show and to point out what to their were wish and desire. And in as they had sat that time twelvemonth." "Thus shall it be." "Certainly." said Pwyll. " arise and begin to give thy gifts unto the minstrels." ? "Wiliest thou this. And they ate. all every day while the feast shall last. And next morning. and sat to the tables down. will set out for Dyved to-morrow.1 88 The Boy's Mabinogion. Refuse no one to-day that may claim thy bounty. "Yes. it the feast went on." said thee! thee. and of did not give And there came to them great chief men and the most noble ladies of these there was none to whom Rhiannon rich gift. and feasted." said Rhiannon. at the break of day. And this being done. And the next day they set forward towards Dyved. so sat they that night." answered Pwyll. And when the " feast was ended. lord " said Heveydd. where a feast was made ready numbers for them. or some . "We will go hence together. Fix also a time "May Heaven prosper when Rhiannon may follow Said Pwyll. of the the land. either a bracelet. and spent the night mirth and tranquillity." So Pwyll and the he caused silence to be proclaimed. with thy permission.

for the teachers to put away So Rhiannon sent and the wise men." said they.] " For pity's sake." "For evil fair pity's sake. they accused Rhiannon of having murdered her child before their eyes. having plotted together. And Pwyll the chief of Annwvyn arose. "you will receive no by telling the truth.Pwyll. you I tell me this from assert before Heaven that will defend you. she received but the same answer from the women. " the Lord God If knows all things." said Rhiannon. But Pwyll answered them him that they had no cause wherefore they might ask his wife. it. And this occurrence could not be concealed . and women were brought to watch the babe the women slept. And when at night. and besought him to put his wife because of the great crime which she had done." said Rhiannon. Charge I me not falsely." "Truly. whether or harsh. [And the women were frightened . Prince of Dyved. and. but the story went forth throughout the land. 1 89 And they ruled the land prosperously both that year and the next. and his house- hold and his hosts. [And in the fourth year a son was born to them.] And they awoke they looked where they had put the boy. selves for "we would not bring evil on our- any one in the world." But for all her words. . as did also Rhiannon. and behold he was not there. fear. a precious stone. and all the nobles heard Then the nobles came away to Pwyll.

and he was the best man in the world. she took upon her a penance. and it seized the colt . And And unto his house there belonged a mare than which neither mare nor horse in the kingdom was more beautiful. And one night is Teirnyon talked with bis wife: "Wife. and that she should sit every day near unto a horse- block that was without the gate. And thus did she spend part of the year." said he. and that she should relate the story to all might suppose not offer the guests who should come there whom she to know it already and that she should . tumult." So he armed himself. and strangers. and no one ever knew what became of the colt. "This the night of the first of May. "it very simple of us that our mare should foal every year." said if he. and as she preferred doing penance to contending with the women.I go The Boy's Mabinogion. "The it vengeance of Heaven be upon me. if they would permit her. and after the tumult behold a claw came through by the the window into the house. on the night of every first of May she foaled. to carry them upon her back into the palace. But it rarely happened that any would permit. Now Gwent at that Is time Teirnyon Twryv Vliant was lord of Coed. is I learn not what that takes away the colts." 1 What can be done is in the matter " said she. and Teirnyon heard a great began to watch that night. and that we should have none of her " colts. And the penance that was imposed upon her was that she should remain in that palace of Narberth until the end of seven years.

and he returned. wrapped around in a mantle of satin. if thou wilt." said she. " ? "since thou hast never had one." said he. . And he took up the boy. they caused the boy to be baptized." said Teirnyon. "what sort of garments are there upon the boy. a tumult and wailing both at once. together with was in the house with him. his sword. and went into the chamber his wife was. 1 9 mane. And at the door behold there was an infant-boy in swaddling-clothes. of the tumult because of the it but he rushed after and followed Then he remembered that he had left the door open. lord." said is he." she replied. door.1 Pwyll. here is a boy for thee." "My " It lord.?" shut the door. so that portion of the arm. And he told her how it all befell. but as thou earnest "Behold. and behold he was of. he could not see the cause darkness of the night it. very strong for the age that he was Then he where ing. He And then a boy of gentle lineage." : " I was asleep.-"" "A " mantle of satin." said she." said she in I did awake. "what adventure is this was thus. lord. and the cerethere. Prime of Dyved. And then did he hear And he opened the and and rushed out in the direction of the noise." said he. "Lady. "art thou sleep- " No. mony was performed And the name which they . Then Teirnyon drew elbow : and struck off the arm the at the colt. "Verily.

they heard . And and he was larger than a boy great growth and size. and given to the boy. And they had the boy nursed in the court until he was a year old. " to if thou wert to cause him be broken in. before the year was over he could walk stoutly ." said she. " where is the which thou didst save on the night that thou didst boy " } find the " I have commanded the grooms of the horses." said Teirnyon. even one of And the boy was nursed the second year." said he. who tended the commanded them to be careful of the horse. lord. "I will allow thee to give him the colt. she went to the grooms and those andi. And while these things were going forward. because what hair was upon his head was as yellow as gold. so that he might be broken in by the time that the boy could ride him. seeing that on the colt same night that thou didst find the boy. " colt him to take the horses My lord. gave unto him was Gwri Wallt Euryn. the " ? was foaled." So the horse was given to the boy. Then horses. And before the end of the fourth year." said his wife unto Teirnyon. and then he was as large as a child six years old. " that they take care of him. " may Heaven reward thee ! I will give it him. and thou didst save him "I will not oppose thee in this matter." " Would it not be well." said she." " Lord. of three years old.192 The Boy's Mabinogion. he to allow would bribe the grooms to water.

and thanks from Pwyll for nursing his son and restoring him unto him is . all and he do for us the good in his power. for he had been one of his followers. it seemed to him that he had never beheld so great a like- ness between father and son as between the boy and Pwyll the chief of Annwvyn. lamenting the sad history. . until he had heard from many of those who came to his court. he will be our foster-son.Pwyll. on hear- ing this story of Rhiannon and her punishment. and as he looked upon him. thirdly." said " shall we gain thereby. " And three things. ponder within himself and he looked steadfastly on the boy. by reason of the pity that And he felt Teirnyon Twryv Vliant. inquired closely concerning it. And no later than the next day was Teirnyon equipped. Teirnyon's wife agreed with him that they should send the boy to Pwyll. if of gentle nature. and. often . him a boy whom he knew first it And the time that he was alone with his wife he told her that was not right that they should keep the boy with them. tidings of 193 Rhiannon and her punishment. be punished so greatly on his account. — thanks and gifts for releasing Rhiannon from the boy will her punishment. for the And thereupon he became grieved wrong that he did in keeping with to be the son of another man." So it was settled according to this counsel. Pwyll was well Now the semblance of of yore known to him. lord. Then did Teirnyon. Prince of Dyved. whereas the boy of was the son And she. to and suffer so excellent a lady as Rhiannon Pwyll the chief of Annwvyn.

with the boy between them." " Neither will I. . And they went into the hall and washed. fair lady. "we will not go. his wife had nursed and reared the child as behold here is Teirnyon." said Teirnyon. sat : And in this order they Teirnyon between Pwyll and Rhiannon. "Truly. And when I heard of thy sorrow. " "And And thy son." said lie whosoever told that concerning thee has done wrong. went with them upon the horse which Teirnyon had given him. it And they journeyed towards was not long before they reached that drew near to the palace. and two other knights with him. they beheld And as they Rhiannon were thus sitting beside the horse-block." So they went forward joy at their coming. and Pwyll rejoiced to see Teirnyon. for slaying And this is my penance my own son.194 The Boy's Mabinogion. "think not that I will be one to be carried upon thy back. " Chieftain. and there was great And at the palace a feast was pre- pared. because Pwyll was come back from the confines of Dyved. in their And the boy. to the palace. carouse and to discourse. lady. And when "go they opposite to her. my soul." said Teirnyon. And after meat And Teirnyon's they began to discourse was concerning the adventure of the mare and the boy. and devouring him. and place." "Oh." said she. and Teir- nyon's two companions on the other side of Pwyll. Narberth. and how he and their own." said the boy. : not farther I will bear every one of you into the palace. as a fourth company.

"well hast thou named thy son Pryderi. of this host And I believe that there none who will not perceive that the boy is the son of Pwyll. " that. it were fitting that he repay thee "My lord." said they all." said Pwyll. true." said Pendaran. being of gentle lineage." mind what " live I I and my wife call I will Heaven to witness." when she it were more proper. Prince of Dyved. " Teirnyon." said Teirnyon.she at parting with him." name be. I 195 is was troubled and grieved. " And thus was Heaven reward thee for it. were well that he should bear have done for him." is none. and well becomes him the deri son of Pwyll chief of name of Pry- Annwvyn." said Rhiannon. "shall his we gave him." said Teirnyon. there is if this be indeed an end to my trouble." that thou hast reared the boy up to this time." : "Look you." said Pendaran Dyved. " that while I support thee and thy possessions as long as . and there no one It in the world so afflicted as ." "Lady. is "Gwri Wallt Euryn " It the name that "Pryderi." said Pwyll." said Rhiannon better " . "it is was my wife who nursed in him." said Pwyll.' "will not his own name become him "What name has he. and.Pwyll. " that the boy should take his name from the word his mother spoke received the joyful tidings of him. "There thereof. "who is not certain " I declare to Heaven." arranged.'" asked Pendaran Dyved.

Pry- . And you be companions. and he died. at length he added unto them the three Cantrevs of Ystrad of Cardigan Tywi and the he made four Cantrevs and these were called the Seven Cantrevs of Seissyllwch. and the fairest horses. but he would take none of them. so that he the fairest youth. And thus passed years and years until the end of Pwyll the chief of Annwvyn's life came.196 I The Boy's Mabinogion. his And Teirnyon Twryv Vliant and country and his pos- companions set out for his gladness. and shall both be foster-fathers unto him. able to preserve am my own. and the choicest dogs . of kingdom. So the boy was given to Pendaran Dyved." said they all. And Pryderi ruled the seven Cantrevs of . Dyved prosall perously and he was beloved by his people and by around him. And when this addition." "This is good counsel. as thou hast reared him up to the present to be brought shall time. with love and And he went not without being offered the fairest jewels. that. And when he shall have I. I will give him up by Pendaran Dyved from henceforth. power. And . and the most skilled in all comely. he will more this counsel fitly maintain them than And nobles. and the best in the good games. sessions. as Annwvyn became was brought up was any fit. Thereupon they all remained in their own dominions. and the nobles of the land were sent with him. And Pryderi the son of Pwyll the chief of carefully. if be pleasing unto thee and to my it shall be.

of the nobles of . Pt'ince of Dyved. the Gwynn Gohoyw. the son of Prince Casnar. the son of daughter of Gloyw Wlallt Lydan.Pwyll. one this island. And the wife he chose was Kicva. deri the son of Pwyll the chief of talce 197 desired to Annwyvn a wife.

^-^ Lhidd and Caswallawn and Nynyaw. it after the stranger-race came there. year. And moreover liberal he was a mighty warrior. and generous and giving meat and drink to all in that sought them.1 98 The Boy's Mabinogion. King of France had died. Beli. and according to the story he had a fourth son called Llevelys. THE STORY OF LLUDD AND LLEVELYS. had three sons. leaving no and that he had left all his possessions in her hands. his brothers. And he bade the citizens build houses therein. to Lludd his brother to beseech his counsel and and that not so much for his own welfare as to . about with numberless towers. or Lwndrys. and and encompassed after that it London. his eldest son rebuilt the walls of and Lludd ruled prosperously. And though he had many castles and cities. and at last Caer London. such as no houses in the kingdoms could equal. he came aid . And And he dwelt therein most part of the it and therefore was called Caer Lludd. the son of Manogan. the And . was called London. this one loved he more than any. T)ELI the Great. all Lludd loved Llevelys best of he was a wise and discreet man. after the death of kingdom of the Island of Britain fell into the hands of Lludd. because Having heard that the heir except a daughter.

and the left animals and trees. their strength. and set forth towards France. her. a shriek which And through they could not be injured. were . their and was called the Coranians. 1 99 seek to add to the glory and honor and dignity of his kindred. The second plague was May-eve over every hearth this came on every in the Island of Britain. And went through people's hearts. it might be spoken. such as none in the islands had ever seen the like of. it knowledge. And as soon as they had landed. The first was a certain race that came. and so scared them. if the wind met this was known to them. his wife. but what. they sent messengers to show the nobles of France the cause of the embassy. So he prepared and filled them with armed knights. And by the joint counsel of the nobles of France and of the princes. And thenceforth he ruled the land lifo and wisely and happily as long as his After a space of time had passed. and the crown of the kingdom with discreetly lasted. and the all men lost their hue and young men and the maidens lost that the barren.The Story of Lludd and Llevelys. if he might go to France to woo the maiden for And forthwith his brother conferred with him. their senses. that there was no discourse upon the face of the island. ships. and the earth and the waters. and this counsel was pleasing unto him. the maiden was given to Llevelys. three plagues fell on the Island of Britain. and so great was however low it.

to seek his advice. and with of size.200 The Boy's Mabinogion. they went into their ships. and food might be prepared there even so drink. for he was a man great of counsel and wisdom. and in that one he came to and he likewise with a single . therefore was there better hope of being freed from the than from the second and third. And began to cleave the seas towards France. seeing that his brother's ships he knew not the cause of he came on a fleet vast the other side to meet him. he left all the ships out upon the sea except one only. and asked counsel of them what they should do against these afflictions. third plague was. And made ready a fleet. lest that race should know the cause of their errand. And when these tidings came to Llevelys. except what was consumed in the first night. And by the common counsel of the nobles. And thereupon King Lludd felt great sorrow and care. And they when they were made Lludd and those ready. The however much in the king's of provisions courts. Lludd the son of Beli went to Llevelys his brother. because that he knew not how he might be freed from these plagues. and that in secret and in silence. were much it as a year's provision of meat and none of could ever be found. or any besides the king and his counsellors. King they of France. that. this. whom he chose with him. him was And when Lludd saw meet his brother. And he called to him all the nobles of his kingdom. And two first of these plagues no one ever knew their cause.

Then Llevelys caused a long horn to be made of brass. But whatsoever words they spoke through this horn. 20 came to meet him. each put his arms about the other's neck. and that when they were all together he . whereof he should like affliction keep some to breed. And when and that there was a demon thwarting them. though with the intent of making peace between them. And they took counsel together to discourse on the matter otherwise than thus. for a conference. And through the virtue of the wine the demon was driven out of the horn. one to the other. neither of them could hear any other but harsh and hostile words. And other of these insects he should take and bruise that it in water. and through this horn they discoursed. Llevelys saw this. that call when he came home all to his kingdom. and disturbing through this horn. lest by chance the might come a second time. Llevelys told that he would give him some insects. And when they were come together. Llevelys said that of the he himself knew the cause coming to those lands. That is to say. he caused wine to be put therein to wash it.1 The Story of Lludd and ship Llevelys. as. and they welcomed each other with brotherly love. And he assured him would have power to destroy the race of the Cora- nians. he should his together the people. nor the Coranians know what they might say. in order that the wind might not catch their words. their discourse And when his brother was unobstructed. both of own race and of the race of the Coranians. After that Lludd had shown his brother the cause of his errand.

of all. and cast over all alike. length they will take the form of dragons in the last And at And air. . and pigs. and they will draw of down to the very the caldron. And he assured him that the water would poison the race it of the Coranians." said he. they will in the form of two upon the covering. and bury them in a kistvaen in the strongest place thou hast in thy dominions. cause the island to be measured in its length and in the place where thou dost be dug. but that would not slay or harm those in thy of his own race. is "And the second plague. Thereupon do thou immediately fold the covering around them. and they will sink in. there cause a pit to and cause a caldron full of the best mead that can be made to be put in the pit.202 The Boy 's Mabinogion. fierce furious fighting. behold a foreign race it. and hide them in the earth. find the exact central point. after wearying themselves with fall. and breadth . a dragon. "that it is dominion. After thou hast returned home. And they will drink up the whole of the mead . it. and after that they will sleep. And another dragon of is fighting with and striving to overcome outcry. it and the covering bottom with them. ^nd as long as they shall bide in that strong place. no plague shall come to the Island of Britain from elsewhere. And therefore does your dragon make a fearful And on this wise mayest thou come to know this. And then in thine own person do thou remain there watching. with a covering of satin over the face of the caldron. it should take this charmed water. and thou wilt see the dragons fighting in the form of terrific animals.

.

.The Battle of the Dragons.

it and came down upon the top and drew with them to the bottom of the caldron. and And. be there a dron of cold water by thy and when thou art op- pressed with sleep. "is a mighty man of magic. And when they were weary they of the satin. And imsummoned to him the whole of his own race of the Coranians. the it which he cast over destroyed the whole to them tribe all together. plunge into the caldron. fell. he beheld the dragons fighting. sleep." mediately he Then Lludd returned back unto his land. And while he was there. And in Oxford he found the central point." said he.The Story of Lludd and Llevelys. And some measured time after this Lludd caused the island to be in its length and in its breadth. who takes thy meat and thy drink and thy store. as Llevelys had taught him. he bruised the insects in water. it. and in the securest place he had in Snowdon he them in . 203 "The cause of the third plague. they had drunk the mead they sleep Lludd folded the slept. And cal- he should overcome thee with side. and a covering of satin over the face of And he himself watched that night. through illusions and charms. and in that place he caused the earth to be dug. and forthwith of the Coranians. causes every Therefore it one to is needful for thee in thy own person lest to watch thy food and thy provisions. And when And in their hid covering around them. sleep. and in that pit a caldron to be set full of the best mead that could be made. And he. without hurt any of the Britons.

King Lludd caused an ex- ceeding great banquet to be prepared. man heavy armor. " though thou hast done many insults and much spoil erewhile. it was ready. Now after that. behold a in. drink into the hamper. this spot was called Dinas Emreis. and awaited him." Then he instantly put down fire the hamper on the floor. And it as he was wont. them. And thus the And when this was ended. And drowsiness urged him to Upon this. of vast size. and proceeded to go with And nothing was ever more wonderful to Lludd than that the hamper should hold so much. lest he should be hindered from his purpose. about the third watch of the night. sleep. he put all the food and provisions of meat and forth. he heard many surpassing fascinations and sleep.204 a kistvaen. stop. but before that. and fate bestowed the viclory on Lludd. And when by it. And a fierce encounter was between flew out from their arms. And he threw the plague at the last . own proper person watched And as he abode thus clad with arms. fierce outcry ceased in his dominions. And thereupon King Lludd went after him. The Boy's Mabinogion. and be overcome by he went often into the water. clad in strong." said he. so that the glittering And Lludd grappled with him. he placed a vessel and he in his of cold water his side. And at last. various songs. Dinas Ffaraon. and spoke : unto him thus " Stop. skill thou shalt not do so any more. came bearing a hamper. lo. unless thy in arms and thy prowess be greater than mine.

And I will never do the like from this time I But thy faithful vassal will be.The Story of Lludd and to the earth." equal to make thee atonement what I have forth. 205 And I after he had overcome him by strength and might he besought his mercy. taken. Llevelys." And the king accepted this from him. "How all can grant thee mercy. . for." said the king." said he. "after the '• many injuries and wrongs that thou hast done me } "I "All the losses that ever will I have caused thee.

" said Math the son I is of will Mathonwy. "MATH THE SON OF MATHONWY." So they had the boy baptized. Beneath him no wave ever broke. which had been placed there by magic And Gwydion and hid straightway flung a it. his bed awake. the son of the Wave. his death fatal And the blow whereby he his uncle came to was struck by it Govannion. and Dylan the name give him. chamber. its as they baptized him And immediately when he was he took nature. and swam as well as the best fish that was therein.] velvet scarf over the child Now the place where he hid of his bed. [ENTITLED IN THE ORIGINAL. " baptized . THE ORIGIN OF THE OWL. As Gwydion not loud. it lay one morning on . and he plunged into the in the sea. called And for that reason was he Dylan. sea. concerning cause this one to be I will the fine yellow-haired boy. he it heard a cry in the chest at his feet and though it. it was the bottom of a chest at the foot "Verily. was was such that he could hear Then he .2o6 The Boy's Mabinogion."] r/^^NCE L^~-^ child upon a time Gwydion found a yellow-haired in his art. The third blow was called.

he seemed by his size as And at the that year he And end of the year old. and able to go to the court by himself. with other similar achievements.' Gwydion brings about the artful contrivance by which that Arianrod boy in spite of herself. the court until he was four as Then was the boy reared at years old. Arianrod arose to meet him." answered a wicked woman. though he had been eight." thou " art ' Heaven bears me witness. having the boy with him. " shall I upon him. And when he came into the court." she said. and opened the chest it. and greeted him. and casting aside. and the boy became familiar with him. that he he. And woman that she should take charge of was nursed. Gwydion noticed him." said he. of the What is the name boy .The Origin of the Owl.-' " said she. And he took up the boy in his arms." lay this destiny "Well. " " Heaven prosper thee. and when he opened he beheld an infant-boy stretching out his arms from it the folds of the scarf. "Verily." he replied. though he were two years And the second year he was a big child. And when he came to the court. . and loved him better than any one else. woman that could nurse him. and bade him welcome. And Ihe plot now becomes names tlie But the boy shall have a name. . and carried him to a place where he knew there was a he agreed with the the boy. day Gwydion walked and the boy fol- and he went to the Castle of Arianrod. " that never have a name until he receives one from me. "he has not yet a name. And one lowed him . when he was as big forth. 207 arose in haste.

2o8 The Boy's Mabinogion. her. And out of dry and sedges he made some Cordovan ." So he made the shoes for measure." said she. they came he was it." answered they. so that they might not be known. displeasing soever it how may be unto thee. What men are those in yonder boat ? " said Arianrod. And he began forming and stitching them. leather. he disguised his aspect. and he turned them into a boat. and what " kind of work they can do. "take the measure of desire the cordwainer to my and make shoes for me. her. and a that great deal thereof and he colored it in sufch a manner in no one ever saw leather more beautiful than it. "They are cordwainers. until he was observed from the And when he knew that they of the castle were observing him. and behold they were too . and there he tarried that night. a sail to the boat. castle. some Cordovan leather. but larger. Then he it made shoes. and gilding And foot." So they came unto them. and returned to Caer Dathyl. And the next day he arose and took the boy with him. sticks And there he saw some sedges and sea- weed. coloring And when this. and he and the boy went to the port of the Castle of Arianrod. and put another semblance upon himself and upon the boy. the messengers came and told her "Well. yet not according to the The shoes then were brought unto large." And there- upon he went forth in wrath. and went to walk on the seashore between that place and Aber Menei. " Go and see what kind of leather they have.

" said she.The Origin of " the Owl. And I they told him "Verily. my feet." said he. And good enough name it is. Let him make some than they." said she also ." So she went down to the boat. canst not manage "I could not. "thou wilt not thrive the better for doing evil unto me. And was he called the third Gold-shoemaker. and the boy stitching them. aim Heaven reward thee not a now has he got a name." the sinew and the bone. unless And this was "Truly." make her any shoes told unto her." he replied. and sent them unto her. and hit it in the leg between "Verily. and when she came there thee." said she." to of the at Thereupon behold a wren stood upon the deck boat . lady. him that these will not go on this. and for that reason called henceforth. "Of a truth." . "good day to " Heaven prosper thee. "I will go unto him." said she." " I marvel that thou he was shaping shoes. lion "with a steady hand did the . '' Then she but smiled. "I will not see her foot." Then the work disappeared he went on with it in no further. said she." said he." Then he made her " Tell others that were much smaller than her foot." she answered. and the boy shot it. Llew Llaw Gyffes be he seaweed and sedges. "Ah." at it. " but he shall receive that are smaller their value." make shoes according to measure. 209 These are too large. "but now I shall be able.

" " Be. " I will lay a destiny upon this boy. And then Gwydion saw that through the want of horses and arms." said she." . Then he own form." And the porter went in. Let them in. he shall have arms. And at the top of Cevn Clydno they equipped themselves with horses.therefore more That I will. and pricked ." "I have done thee no restored the boy to his said he.2IO Tlie Boy's Mabinogion. And he called "we will go to-morrow on an errand together. "Ah." Then they went towards Dinas horse. until I invest that he shall never have arms and armor him with them. him unto him. And Bryn up towards Aryen. youth. "go thou in and say that there are here bards from Glamorgan. And they changed their form. evil yet. said Arianrod. Dinllev. and there he brought up Llew Llaw Gyffes until he could manage any and he was perfect in features and strength and he languished stature. "The welcome of Heaven he unto them. "Porter. towards the gate in the semblance of two youths aspect of but the Gwydion was more staid than that of the other." said he." "By Heaven. Next morning. "Well. and went towards the Castle of . "let thy malice be what it may.rianrod. at the dawn of day." said the youth. arose." said he.A. cheerful than thou art." said he. they they took way along the seacoast.

and therewith Arianrod asking that might be opened. "in evil plight are we. and they went to meat. What thinkest we have heard trumpets. And do may you have plenty of arms. and behold she returned. ." said she." said Gwydion. good men. "we ocean by reason of are all the ships side by side. thou that they may mean } cannot see the color of the "Verily. chamber was prepared for them. And by it the time that the day dawned." "Truly. and suits of armor for two men." " Yes. is "Lady." she said. "Ah. and two maidens." And thereupon went she forth for the arms. and he called unto him his magic and his power. " and shouts. a rest. truly. with her. When it was now day. and a maiden with her. Arianrod discoursed with Gwydion of tales and Now Gwydion it was an excellent teller of tales. arranged. Up rose the youth and opened unto her. and trumpets and shouts. "there than to close the castle upon us.'' And what can we do " said she. they heard a knocking at the door of the chamber. And the hall was When meat was ended. there resounded through the land uproar." 1 The Origin of With the Owl. none other counsel it and to defend as best we may." said Gwydion. and she entered. stories. you defend it. And they making for the land with all the speed they can. ." said she. and they went to In the early twilight Gwydion arose. 2 1 great joy were they greeted. And when was time to leave off feasting. And here "may Heaven reward you.

" "Verily." said Math." said he. "we will seek. I hear the tumult of the " I will men approaching. " Now will I lay a destiny upon this youth. and will arm myself. with the help of thy maidens. also how he bad procured arms "Well. "Let us now take off our arms ? : we have no need " of them. and no one ought to support notwithstanding." "Oh." said Gwydion." this Oh " cried she. and to obtain arms for thy son. Here is the army around the house. "I likewise have finished. A wife shall he have They went thereupon unto Math the son and complained unto him most bitterly of Mathonwy. Lo.' " 212 " I The Boy's Mabinogion." fully." said Arianrod. for of Gwydion showed him the youth. ' thee. " lady." By Heaven." said he." she said. there is here ! no army. " thou art a wicked man. I and ." " Wherefore " said she. "thou wast ever a malicious woman. "that he shall never have a wife of the race that now inhabits this earth. " Hast thou finished arming the youth " I ? " said he. have finished. " Whence then was tumult ? "The tumult was but to break thy prophecy. And now has he got arms with- out any thanks unto thee. do so gladly. "do thou accoutre this stripling." she answered. Many a youth might have lost his life through the uproar thou hast caused in this Cantrev to-day. Arianrod. Lady." So she armed him and that right cheerfully.

on the conThere dwelt he and reigned. Blodeuwedd walked the court. And the dogs and the huntsmen there came a crowd youth. " what Cantrev " is that ." The Origin of thou. " I will give the young man the best Cantrev to hold. and the blossoms broom." " Of a truth. He has now come to man's stature. and he the comeliest youth that was ever beheld. and gave After she had become his bride. " not easy for a man to maintain him- without possessions. "to ask men on foot. and both all. Now And the fines of is called at this day Eivionydd and Ardudwy.' The Cantrev . And after of after the sound of the horn. the ful that and most grace- her the man ever saw. and they had feasted." he answered. the Owl.it of Dinodig." " Lord." said Math. for 213 him out is by charms and illusion. and fairest produced from them a maiden. with dogs and huntsmen following it." said he. " Send a who yonder host may be. place in the Cantrev where he dwelt was a palace of his in a spot called Ardudwy. And she heard the sound of a horn. behold a tired stag went by. Mur y Castell." said she. he and his sway were beloved by One day he went for forth to Caer Dathyl to visit Math the son of Mathonwy. And on the day that he in set out Caer Dathyl." . It is baptized her. said self Gwydion. and the blossoms of the meadow-sweet. to form a wife of flowers. And they name of Blodeuwedd." So they took the blossoms of the of the oak.

"it will be most fitting to invite him. and baiting his dogs. "the chieftain will speak of us if ill we let him at this hour depart to another land without inviting him in. Pebyr is this. and he spoke second time." "Yes. " So a youth went and inquired who they were. he came to the gate of the court. and bid him in." said they. " Heaven repay thee thy kindness. and he spoke to her a . and so she began slay the valiant to plot with Gronw Pebyr how they might his " Llew Llaw Gyffes. And at night they went to rest." said Blodeuwedd. And what with flaying the stag. he was there until the night began to close in upon him. stag. and Blodeuwedd went to meet him and greeted " him. and enjoy possessions. And the youth told her." [Now Blodeuwedd. Lady. and by the River Cynvael and killed it." That night Llew Llaw Gyffes returned to his home And to the day they spent in discourse and minstrelsy and feasting.J Converse with him out by what means he may come to his death. flowers. fully. and came to the ." said they. Blodeuwedd once. Gronw thus the lord of Penllynn." said he. in spite of her descent from the was at heart a wicked woman. Gronw Pebyr pursued the he overtook the stag. And court he accepted her bidding gladly. truly.214 The Boy's Mabinogion. and bade him welcome. Then and find Gronw said to her. "Verily. lady. And as the day departed and the night drew near." Then went messengers to meet him.

for I was sorrowful I. Not easily can I be I slain." he answered. whosoever strikes me thus will cause my death. then. and putting beside the caldron. " Art thou well " . and the other on the edge of the caldron. 215 But for " all this he could not get from her one word.? was thinking." said she. By making a bath for me by the caldron." " Is this certain 1 except during the sacrifice on " asked she. " But until Heaven take me " not easily be slain." said he. and bringing and thatching it it a buck. " in what manner. canst thou " be slain '• ." For the sake of heaven." riie Origin of the Owl. "It is in truth. and for mine." said he. And the spear wherewith am struck must be a year in the forming." " I will tell My memory in guarding " better thee gladly. except by a wound." said he. cannot be slain on horse- back nor on foot." said she. show me how is thou mightest be than thine. and by putting a roof over the well and tightly. I "And I cannot be slain within a house nor without." . " of that which thou didst as to never think of concerning thy deaLh. " lest me for . it.' I will tell thee. side of a river. slain." " Verily." thou shouldst go sooner than Heaven reward thy care I shall me. ? What "I aileth thee " said he. And nothing must be done towards Sundays. Then if I place one foot on the buck's back.

it "Well. Wilt thou show me in what manner thou couldst stand at once upon the edge of a caldron and upon a buck. and he anointed himself. " behold the animals which thou didst speak of as being called bucks. " I will if I prepare the bath for thee . And that very day he caused her to be informed thereof." will be easy No sooner had she held this discourse than she sent to Pebyr." 2i6 The Boy's Mabinogion." he answered. opposite them brought Kyvergyr." said she. She caused lected the goats that were in the Cantrev. thou go into the bath. "I thank Heaven that to avoid this. "we will go gladly to look at at them. go in. "Lord." said she." ." " Wilt The day after they came and looked 1 the bath." said Llew." said she. lord " Willingly will I " said she. on the also to col- bank of the all River Cynvael. " Lord. So into the bath he went.'' show thee. and they are ready. "I have been thinking how it is possible that what thou didst tell me formerly can be true. and had to the other side of the river. and that day twelvemonth was ready." "Well." said he. and bade him be in ambush be which is now called Bryn Kyvergyr. have caused the roof and the bath to be prepared. Bryn And " I lo ! the next day she spoke thus : " Lord. Then she on the hill sent unto Gronw." said Blodeuwedd unto Llew. Gronw Gronw toiled at it making the spear.

side. And " I heaviness and grief came upon Math. there that And night. Thereupon Gronw rose up from the hill which is called Bryn Cyvergyr. he ruled his so that Ardudwy and Penllyn were both under Math sway. and the other on the buck's back. in." Then Gwydion set and began to go forward. at the house. and thenceforth was he no more gave a fearful scream. and he rested on one knee. in and came to the house of a vassal Maenawr Penardd. And after he had overcome the land. be thy strength." said he. "cause one brought here. and put on his trowsers. "may Heaven forth. nephew. and staid The man last of all of the house and his household came Said the and came there the swineherd. so that the started out. and flung the poisoned dart. and he placed one foot on the edge of the bath. the next day Gronw arose. And fines. shall never rest until I " Lord. and much more Gwydion. Then Llew rose out of the bath. he went into Arvon." said have tidings of my "Verily." of 2 1 them to be caught and And the buck was brought. he went through Gwynedd and Powys to the con- And when he alighted he had done so." said Math. . but the head of the dart remained in Then he flew up the form of an eagle." upon Gwydion than upon him. and took possession of Ardudwy. And And over it. "Well. seen.7 The Origin of the Owl. and struck him on the shaft in. Then these tidings reached the son of Mathonwy.

and began feeding under a tree." " ! " 2i8 The Boy's Mabinogion. "not to . when the sty is opened. " Well. and as he looked he beheld on the top of the tree an eagle. her." said he. " Every day. Darkened Shall I the sky and hill not tell him by ? his wounds. she goeth forth.'' am beside the sty with thee "This will I do right gladly. he awoke Gwydion. and sty. And Gwydion arose and dressed opened the himself. That this is Llew . Then And as soon as he opened behold she leaped forth. of the house to the swineherd. And he sang an Englyn : — " Oak that grows between the two banks is . now called And there she halted. is and made for a brook. and looked. And she went which against the course of a river." open the sty until I Gwydion. "and is this instant returned to the pigs. and set followed her. That night they went to herd saw the light of And as soon as the swine- day. swineherd. And Gwydion Nant y Llew. And Gwydion came under the tree." "Where doth this sow go to ? " said Gwydion. went with the the swineherd it. youth. off with great speed. And it seemed to him that the eagle was Llew. rest. hath ? man thy sow come in to-night "She hath. neither is it and none can catch sight whither she goeth more than of if known she sank into the earth. and stood beside the sty." said "Wilt thou grant unto me." he answered.

"the sooner better shall I I have my right. "Lord." said he unto Math the son of Mathonwy." "Well. " And Gwydion sang another Englyn in Oak Is it that grows upland ground." said Llew. : thereupon Englyn did Gwydion sing — Oak that " grows beneath the steep is its Stately and majestic not speak it ? aspect Shall I That Llaw will come to my lap ? And the eagle came down upon Gwydion's his knee." " Truly." ! . so that he own form. No one ever saw a more he was nothing but skin and bone. And Gwydion struck him with returned to his piteous sight. the be pleased." said Math. and edd. and before the were brought unto him good physicians that were in Gwyn- end of the year he was quite healed. for magic wand. until Upon this the eagle came down he reached the :. — 9 2 1 The Origin of the Owl. " he will never be able to maintain himself in the possession of that which is thy right." . there Then he went unto Caer Dathyl. ? not wetted by the rain ? Has it not been drenched By It ninescore tempests its bears in branches Llew Llaw Gyffes " ! Then the branch of eagle came down and until he was on the lowest this the tree. centre of the tree. "it is full time now that I have retribution of him by whom I have suffered all this woe.

2 20 The Boy's Mabhiogion. so that unawares they fell into the lake. to and proceeded Mur y And Gwydion went on before. " I will not slay thee that. and her Gwydion And he said unto her." said he. thou shalt never show thy face in the light of day henceforth of all . For it shall attack thee. sent asked the messengers he Llew Llaw Gyffes silver. Blodeuwedd . may And thou shalt not lose thy name. or domain. And they passed through the River Cynvael. or gold. and Ardudwy. but I will do unto thee worse than For I will turn thee into a bird.. she took her maidens with her. and to chase thee from wheresoever they find thee. and he And if despatched thence an embassy. or the injury he had received. Then Gronw Pebyr withdrew unto Penllyn. heard that he was coming. herself And . is an owl in the language of this present time and for this reason is the owl hateful unto And even now the owl is called Blodeuwedd. and fled to the mountain." Now all birds. and that through fear be their nature to the other birds. and through fear they could not pro- ceed except with their faces looking backwards. "I will not. called together the Then they set forth to whole of Gwynedd. is by my confession to Heaven. and went towards a court that there was upon the mountain . And because of the shame thou hast done unto Llew Llaw Gyffes. for he would take land. they were all drowned except Blodeuwedd overtook. I "Behold this the least that will accept from him: . but shalt be always called Blodeuwedd. And when Blodeuwedd Castell.

.The Flight of Blodenwedd and Her Maidens.

.

is is it needful for me will to do thus ." Then they two went forth to the banks of the River Cynvael and Gronw stood in the place where Llew Llaw Gyffes was when he struck him." will "Verily." thee. " Since it was through the wiles I of a woman that I did unto thee as have done.' My and my household. "Well. " this was told unto Gronw Pebyr." said faithful warriors. Then said Gronw Pebyr unto Llew. took the slab." 1 The Origin of that he ihe I Owl. 22 come to the spot where I was when he wounded me with the dart. flung the dart at him. "Verily. they are called the third disloyal tribe even unto this day. And the thus was Gronw Pebyr And there is still slab on the bank of the River . and Llew in the place where Gronw was. " I will meet it. " may Heaven reward it So Gronw the blow. so that pierced slain. there not . I adjure thee by Heaven to let me place between me and "I the blow the slab thou seest yonder on the " river's bank. and placed between him and Then Llew slab." said he.' one among you who stand the blow in "There is not verily. and my foster-brothers. through his back." said Llew. . and that him." And he. and it pierced the it and went threw Gronw likewise. with a dart take my aim at And this is the very- least that I will accept." Ah." said he." answered they. my stead And because of their refusal to suffer one stroke for their lord. and that I stand where he did. not refuse thee this.

Cynvael in Ardudwy. . as the Gwynedd. it. the land. A second time did Llew Llaw Gyffes take possession of it. and prosperously did he govern story relates.22 2 The Boy's Mabinogion. having the hole through therefore is it And even now called Llech Gronw. he was lord after this over And.

Bramven

the

Daughter of Llyr.

223

BRANWEN THE DAUGHTER OF

LLYR.

"DENDIGEID VRAN.the son of Llyr, was the crowned
^-^ king of this island, and he was exalted from the crown
of

London.

And one

afternoon he was at Harlech in

Ardudwy,

at his court,

and he

sat

upon the rock

of

Har-

lech, looking over the sea.

And with him were his brother

Manawyddan
mother's
side,

the son of Llyr, and his brothers by the

Nissyen and Evnissyen, and many nobles
fitting to see

likewise, as

was

around a king.

His two

brothers by the mother's side were the sons of Euross-

wydd, by his mother, Penardun, the daughter of Beli son
of

Manogan.

And

one of these youths was a good youth,
his

and of gentle nature, and would make peace between
kindred, and cause his family to be friends

when

their
:

wrath was

at the highest

;

and

this

one was Nissyen

but

the other would cause strife between his two brothers

when they were most
land,

at

peace.

And
;

as they sat thus,

they beheld thirteen ships coming from the south of Ire-

and making towards them
"

and they came with a

swift motion, the

wind being behind them, and they neared
I

them

rapidly.

see ships afar," said the king, " coming

swiftly towards the land.

Command

the

men

of the court

that they equip themselves, and go and learn their intent."

"

"

2 24

The Boy's Mabinogion.

So the men equipped themselves, and went down towards them. And when they saw the ships near, certain were
they that they had never seen ships better furnished.
Beautiful flags of satin were

upon them.

one

of the ships outstripped the others.

And behold And they saw a
and the point

shield lifted

up above the side

of the ship,

of the shield

was upwards,

in

token of peace.

And

the

men drew

near, that they

might hold converse.

Then
they

they put out boats, and came towards the land.
saluted the king.

And

Now

the king could hear

them from

the place where he was, upon the rock above their heads.

"Heaven prosper you," said he, "and be ye welcome. To whom do these ships belong and who is the chief
.'

amongst you

?

"Lord," said they, "Matholwch, King
here,

of

Ireland,

is

and these ships belong to him."

"Wherefore comes he .''"asked the king.
he come
to the land
is
.-'

"And
they.

will

"He
he

a suitor unto

thee, lord," said

"And

will not land, unless

he have his boon."

"And what may that be 1 " inquired the king. " He desires to ally himself with thee, lord," said "And he comes to ask Branwen the daughter of
that,
if it

they. Llyr,

seem well

to thee, the Island of the

Mighty

may be

leagued with Ireland, and both become more

powerful."

"Verily," said he, "let him take counsel thereupon."

come

to land,

and we

will

;

Branwen
And
him
this

the

Daughter of Llyr.
to

225
"
I will

answer was brought

Matholwch.

go willingly," said he.
joyfully.

So he landed, and they received
and those

And

great was the throng in the palace
his

that night,

between

hosts

of the court to

and next day they took counsel, and they resolved
bestow Branwen upon Matholwch.

Now

she was one

of the three chief ladies of this island,
fairest

and she was the

damsel in the world.
they fixed upon Aberffraw as the place where she

And

should become his bride.

And

they went thence, and

towards Aberffraw the hosts proceeded,
his host in their ships
;

— Matholwch and
:

Bendigeid Vran and his host by

land, until they

came

to Aberffraw.

they began the
the

feast,

and sat down.

And at Aberffraw And thus sat they

King

of the Island of the

Mighty and Manawyddan
of Llyr beside him.
tents.

the son of Llyr on one side, and Matholwch on the other
side,

and Branwen the daughter

And
house

they were not within a house, but under
could ever contain

No

Bendigeid Vran.

And

they began

the banquet, and caroused and discoursed.
it

And when
became

was more pleasing
;

to

them

to sleep than to carouse,

they went to rest

and that night Branwen

Matholwch's

bride.
da)''

And
and the

next

they arose, and
to equip

all

they of the court,

officers

began
;

and to range the horses
in order as

and the attendants
far as the sea.

and they ranged them

And

behold one day, Evnissyen, the quarrelsome

man

2 26
of

The Boy's Mabinogion.
it

whom

is

spoken above, came by chance into the

place where the horses of

Matholwch were, and asked

whose horses they might
"

be.

They
is

are the horses of Matholwch,

King
:

of Ireland,

who

married to Branwen thy sister

his horses are

they."

" And
she,

is it

thus they have done with a maiden such as

and moreover
1

my

sister,

bestowing her without

my

consent

They could have

offered no greater insult to

me

than this," said he.

And

thereupon he rushed under

the horses, and cut off their lips at the teeth, and their
ears close to their heads,

and their

tails

close to their

backs, and wherever he could clutch their eyelids, he cut

them

to-

the very bone, and he disfigured the horses, and

rendered them useless.

And

they came with these tidings unto Matholwch,

saying that the horses were disfigured and injured, so
that not one of

them could ever be

of

any use

again.

"Verily, lord," said one, "it was an insult unto thee, and
as such

was

it

meant."
it

"Of

a truth,

is

a marvel to me," that,

if

they desire

to insult

me, they should have given

me

a maiden of such

high rank, and so

much beloved

of her kindred, as they

have done."

"Lord," said another, "thou seest that thus
there
is

it

is,

and

nothing for thee to do but to go to thy ships."
his ships

And thereupon towards And tidings came to

he set out.

Bendigeid Vran that Matholwch

Branwen

the

Daughter of Llyr.
;

227
and mes-

was quitting the court without asking leave

sengers were sent to inquire of him wherefore he did
so.

And

the messengers that went were Iddic the son

of

Anarawd, and Heveydd Hir.

And

these overtook
to
do,

him, and asked of

him what he designed

and
I

wherefore he went forth.

"Of

a truth,'' said he, "if
-

had known,
insulted
:

I

had not come

hither.

I

have been altogether
I

no one had ever worse treatment than
Btit
is

have

had here.

one thing surprises

me

above

all."

"What
"

that.?" asked they.
of Llyr,

That Branwen the daughter

one of the three
of the

chief ladies of this island,

and the daughter

King

of the Island of the Mighty, should

have been given
I

me me

as

my

bride,
;

and that
I

after that

should have been

insulted

and

marvel that the insult was not done

before they had bestowed upon
she."

me

a

maiden so exalted as

" Truly, lord,

it

was not the

will of

any that are of the
council,

court," said they,

"nor

of

any that are of the
;

that thou shouldest have received this insult

and as thou

hast been insulted, the dishonor

is

greater unto Bendigeid

Vran than unto

thee."
so.

"Verily," said he, "I think
recall the insult."

Nevertheless he cannot

These men returned with that answer
where Bendigeid Vran was, and they
told

to

the place

him what reply
going away

Matholwch had given them.
are no

" Truly," said he, " there
his
at

means by which we may prevent
us, that

enmity with

we

will not take,"

;

221

The Boy's Mabinogion.
they,

"Well, lord," said
embassy."

"send
"Arise,

after

him

another

"I
Llyr,

will

do so," said he.

Manawyddan son

of

and Heveydd Hir, and Unic Glew Ysgwyd, and go and
tell

after him, for every

him that he

shall

have a sound horse

one that has been injured.
insult,

And

beside that,
staff of

as an atonement for the
silver as large

he

shall

have a

and as

tall

as himself,

and a plate
unto him

of gold

of the breadth of his face.

And show
it

who

it

was that did
but that he

this,

and that
it is

was done against

my

will
side,

who
it

did

my

brother by the mother's

and therefore

would be hard for

me

to put

him

to death.
will

And

let

him come and meet me,"
in

said he, "

and we

make peace The embassy went
unto.

any way he may
after

desire."
all

Matholwch, and told him

these sayings in a friendly manner, and he listened there-

"Men,"

said he,

"I

will

take counsel."

So

to the

council he went.
if

And

in the council

they considered that

they should refuse

this,

they were likely to have more

shame rather than
court in peace.

to obtain so great
it,

an atonement.

They
to the

resolved therefore to accept

and they returned

Then the
had

pavilions
;

and the tents were

set in order after

the fashion of a hall
sat at the

and they went to meat.
feast, so sat

And

as they

beginning of the

they there.
;

And Matholwch and
and behold
that
it

Bendigeid Vran began to discourse
to Bendigeid

seemed

Vran, while they talked,

Matholwch was not

so cheerful as he had

been before.

"

Bratiwen the Daughter of Llyr.

229

And

he thought that the chieftain might be sad because

of the smallness of the

atonement which he had for the
" Oh, man," said Bendi-

wrong

that

had been done him.

geid Vran, "thou dost not discourse to-night so cheerfully
as thou wast wont.
of the

And

if

it

be because of the smallness

atonement, thou shalt add thereunto whatsoever
I

thou mayest choose, and to-morrow
horses."
" Lord," said he, "

will

pay thee the

Heaven reward

thee."

"And
of

I will
I

enhance the atonement," said Bendigeid
unto thee a caldron, the property

Vran; "for
which
is,

will give
if

that

one of thy

men

be

slain to-day,

and be

cast therein, to-morrow he will be as well as ever he
at the best, except that

was

he

will not regain his speech."

And
joyful

thereupon he gave him great thanks, and very

was he

for that cause.

And

the next morning they paid Matholwch the horses
horses lasted.

as long as the trained

And
;

then they

journeyed

into

another commot, where they paid him

with colts until the whole had been paid
thenceforth that

and from

commot was

called Talebolion.

And

a second night sat they together.

"My

lord,"

said Matholwch, "

whence hadst thou the caldron which
.'

thou hast given
" I "

had
I

it

of a

me man who had been
it

in thy land," said he,

and

would not give

except to one from there."
he.

"Who

was

it

?

"

asked

" Llassar Llaesgyvnewid.

He came

here from Ireland

;

230
with
the

The Boys Mabinogion.
Kymideu KymeinvoU, his wife, who escaped from Iron House in Ireland when it was made red hot
fled hither.

around them, and

And

it

is

a marvel to
the

me

that

thou shouldst

know nothing concerning
he,

matter."

"Something

I

do know," said

"and

as

much

as

I

know
and
I

I

will tell thee.

came

to the

One day I was hunting mound at the head of the lake, which
the Caldron.

in Ireland,
is

called the

Lake

of

And

I

beheld a huge

yellow-haired

man coming from

the lake, with a caldron
of vast size

upon

his back.

horrid aspect,

And he was a man and a woman followed

and

of
if

after him.

And
I

the

man was

tall,

twice as large as he was the

woman
took

and they came towards

me and

greeted me.

So

them with me, and maintained them.

And

they were with

me

for a year.

And

that year

I

had them with

me

not

grudgingly.

But thenceforth was there murmuring be-

cause that they were with me.
of the fourth

For from the beginning
"

month they had begun

to

make themselves
outladies.

hated,
rages,

and to be disorderly in the land, committing and molesting and harassing the nobles and

And

thenceforward

my people
And
I

rose up and besought

me to
them

part with them,

and they bade

me

to choose between

and my

dominions.

applied to the council of

my
;

country to
for of

know what should be done concerning them their own free will they would not go, neither could
will,

they be compelled against their

through fighting.

And

[the people of the country] being in this strait, they

and every one who owned tongs and they caused coals to be piled up as high hammer." " In what manner didst thou receive them " . lord. and they have become numerous. unto Bendigeid Vran. And they had the man. Now." That night they continued to discourse as . tarried a white-heat and then. but. and they began to put they blew all it fire to with bellows until the house was red hot around them. they And thus was the banquet carried on with . the coals about the chamber. and the woman. by reason of the great heat." said he. all 23 caused a chamber to be made of iron. " and gave unto me the caldron. them to sleep than to longer.' " I dispersed them through every part of my dominions." " Doubtless he came here. none escaped And then I suppose. when the that chamber was ready. there came there every smith was in Ireland. and had minstrelsy and carousing much as they and when it was sit more went pleasant to to rest." said Matholwch. served with plenty of meat and drink . and they fortify the places where they are with men and arms of the best that were ever seen. except him and his wife. would. "that he came over unto thee. until the plates of iron all of And the man . the man dashed against the plates with his shoulder and struck them out. And as the top of the chamber. and the children.1 Branwen the Daughter of Llyr. and his wife followed him thence. Then was were there a council held in the centre of the floor of the chamber. and are prospering everywhere. . but when it was known that they were drunk.

. was honor- And in these things she spent that year in much renown. and the payment horses. Matholwch jour- neyed towards Ireland. behold. visited And not one great man or noble lady either a clasp. and came to of And in Ireland was there great joy because their coming. and such as were nearest unto him. after he had cut up the meat. and was finished. and such as come over from Cambria that they go not back for this thing them to be known there. enjoying And land. And he might have no peace by reason of the tumult should revenge upon him this disgrace. imprison ." less And he did so . and to make her cook for the court. that they go not into Cambria hither. ships." said his men to Matholwch. made him for his And his foster-brothers. or a royal jewel to keep. and Branwen with him. such as able to be seen departing with.And they caused the butcher. "forbid now the ships and the ferry-boats and the coracles. lord.232 The Boy's Mabinogion. and she passed her time honor and friendship. until they And the ven- geance which they took was to drive away Branwen from the same chamber with him. come "Verily. it Branwen unto whom she gave not or a ring. . to blow on the ear. pleasantly. when it joyousness. blamed him openly for that matter. and they went from Aber Menei with thirteen Ireland. in the second year a tumult arose in Ire- on account of the insult which Matholwch had received in Cambria. to her and give her every day a and such they made her punishment. and it was thus for no than three years.

and to leave seven men as princes here. and they knew that the bird had manner. and rufHed its feathers. a starling in the cover of it 233 the And Branwen reared kneading-trough. the letter and looked upon it. been reared in a domestic Then Bendigeid Vran took And when he had read the letter he grieved exceedingly at the tidings of Branwen's woes. Bendigeid Vran. and one day found Bendi- Vran Caer Seiont in Arvon. and the Archan were and the . and alighted upon his shoulder. so that the letter was seen. and she taught the bird what manner of man her brother was. So they took counsel.Branwen the Daughter of Llyr. And these abode as seven . sailed towards Ireland. to began sending messengers And immediately he summon the island together. and their seven knights. and Caradawc the son And of in the council they resolved to go to Ireland. and sent towards Britain. which she was treated and she bound the it letter to the root of the bird's wing. And she wrote a letter of her woes. Bran as the chief of them. And he caused sevenscore and four countries to come unto him. with the host of which we spoke. In Edeyr- nion were these men left. was but by two they called . and he complained to them himself of the grief that his sister endured. conferring there. rivers . and she taught to speaii. it And the bird geid it came at to this island . and it was not It far across the sea. and the despite with . and he the Lli nations came to shoal water. ministers to take charge of this island and Caradawc the son of Bran was the chief amongst them.

" said they. sea. " The yards and ! the masts of ships." said concerning this. and there was a lofty ridge on the top of the mountain. and approached the shore Now shore.' " Lord. the swineherds of Matholwch were upon the seato and they came Matholwch. " " Lord. "greeting be unto thee. they." said they. unless it be Branwen." said he. who have come hither on hearing of my ill-treatment is and my woes. " said he. and the mountain." " Verily. "what thinkest thou that this is 1 "The men " of the Island of the Mighty." " " " 234 covered the T^^ Boy's Mabinogion. Then he proceeded with what proown back.? tree. visions he had on his of Ireland." said he." is indeed a marvel. "Alas " said they. And the wood. "we have marvellous news a wood yet have we seen upon the sea in a place where we never saw a single "This else . "a vast the wood." What is the forest that seen upon the sea ? " asked they. "what ? is the mountain that is seen by the side of the ships . which moved. "Saw you aught mountain beside "We saw. " there is none who can know aught "Lady." Messengers then went unto Branwen. and all these things moved." said they. lord." she answered. and a lake on each side of the ridge." " Heaven protect you ! have you any news : .

and his two eyes. behold the messengers of Matholwch . and they took counsel. that nothing can it } "knowest thou the nature go across it." said he. for there is a loadstone at the bottom of the river that neither ship nor vessel can pass over. one on each side beside the ridge." said his chieftains. and the host passed over thereby. and the fleet with him by the bank of the river. •And as he rose up." she replied. and to keep the river between thee and him. "is thy counsel concerning a bridge " . and it is still used as a And when he had lain down across the hurdles were placed upon him." said they." said he. Bendigeid Vran came to land.Branwen " Bendigeid Vran. and broke down the bridge. "except that he bridge. " coming to in it. of this river." So they retreated across the river. and there is no bridge over What. are the two lakes The warriors and the chief men of Ireland were brought " Lord." shoal water " : there is no ship that can contain him What is the lofty ridge with the lake on each side thereof?" " On looking towards this island he is wroth . the nobles unto Matholwch. And river. first who will be him be a I will be so." of his nose. uttered. "there is no other counsel is than to retreat over the Linon (a river which in Ireland).' "There chief let is none." said together in haste. " Lord. and to break down the bridge that is across the river . then was that saying proverb. the Daughter of Llyr. 235 my brother.

Then peradventure From I may this time until then no other answer will you get from me." friends." said . is no other counsel than this was never known to be within a house. "there alone. nephew and thy sister's And this he places before thee as a compensation for the wrong and despite that has been done unto Branwen." "Verily. and do thou await our message unto him." And Matholwch shall be maintained wilt." said they. and saluted him." "I will wait. "the best message that for thee we receive we will convey it unto thee. "and do you return quickly. "prepare a better message for Bendi- The messengers set forth and came geid Vran.' cerning your message. " Shall not I myself have the take counsel con- kingdom . For Matholwch has given the kingdom the son of Matholwch. wheresoever thou Mighty.236 came the - The Boy's Mabinogion. and showed how that of his good-will he had merited him nothing but of Ire- good. and gave him greeting in to him. of name " Matholwch his kinsman. that He would not listen at all to the message we bore him. thy land to Gwern son." to Matholwch. "what may be your "Lord. make therefore a house that will contain him and the men of He ." said they." answered he.'" "My counsel Matholwch. "Lord. either here or in the Island of the Said Bendigeid Vran." said they.

and an armed man in before in every one of them. What is in this bag . and the craft was that they should put brackets on each side of the hundred pillars that were in the house. and descried the leathern bags which were around " the pillars. and in the council . So by reason of the honor thou doest him in making him a house." said the Irishman. and he squeezed the head [until killed the man]. until he had not left alive of all the two hundred men save one only .' " asked he of one of the Irish. And Evnissyen felt about until he came he to the man's head.Branwen the Daughter of Llyr. he will make peace to Bendigeid with thee. and put his hand upon another. whereas he never before had a house to contain him. and give over thy kingdom to his will." So the messengers went back Vran. " Meal. and scanned the house with fierce and savage looks. and thyself and thy host on the other. 237 the Island of the Mighty on the one side. and should place a leathern bag on each bracket. Then Evnissyen came the host of the Island of the Mighty. bearing him this message. it was resolved done by the that he should accept this and this was all advice of Branwen." said it he. . But the Irish planned a crafty device. and asked what was therein. and lest the stroyed. and the house was both vast and strong. and do him homage. And he left that one. good soul. And he took counsel. So he did the like unto every one of them. "Meal. built country should be de- And this peace was made.

-0 8

T/ie

Boy's Mabinogion.

and when he came to him he asked what was there.
" Meal, good soul," said the Irishman.
until

And

he

felt

about

he

felt

the head, and he squeezed that head as he

had done the others.
of this

And,

albeit

he found that the head
until

one was armed, he

left

him not
:

he had killed

him.

And
"

then he sang an Englyn
is in this


is

There

bag a

different sort of meal,

The ready combatant, when the By his fellow-warriors, prepared

assault

made

for battle."

Thereupon came the hosts unto the house.
of the Island of Ireland entered the
side,

The men

house on the one

and the men

of the

Island of the Mighty on the

other.

And

as soon as they had sat
;

down

there was

concord between them
ferred upon the boy.

and the sovereignty was conthe peace was concluded,

When

Bendigeid Vran called the boy unto him, and from Bendigeid

Vran the boy went unto Manawyddan, and he was
all

beloved by

that beheld him.

And

from Manawyddan
"

the boy was called by Nissyen the son of Eurosswydd,

and the boy went unto him lovingly.
Evnissyen, "comes not

Wherefore," said
of

unto

me

.'

my nephew the son Though he were not king of
I

my

sister

Ireland, yet

willingly

would

fondle the boy."

" Cheerfully let

him go

to thee," said Bendigeid Vran,

and the boy went unto him cheerfully.
"

By my
I

confession to Heaven," said Evnissyen in his
of

heart,

"unthought

by the household
commit."

is

the slaughter

that

will this instant

Branwen
Then he

the

Daughter of Llyr.

239

arose and took up the boy by the feet, and

before any one in the house could seize hold of him, he
thrust the boy headlong into the blazing
fire.

And when

Branwen saw her son burning
leap into the
fire

in the fire, she strove to

also,

from the place where she sat

between her two brothers.

But Bendigeid Vran grasped

her with one hand, and his shield with the other.

Then

they

all

hurried about the house, and never was there

made

so great a tumult by any host in one house as was as each

made by them,

Morddwydtyllyon,

man armed himself. Then said "The gadflies of Morddwydtyllyon's
all

Cow

"
!

And

while they

sought their arms, Bendigeid
his

Vran supported Brajiwen between
shoulder.

shield

and

his

Then

the Irish kindled a

fire

under the caldron of

renovation, and they cast the dead bodies into the cal-

dron until

it

was

full,

and the next day they came forth

fighting-men as good as before, except that they were not
able
to

speak.

Then when Evnissyen saw the dead
of the Island of the
!

bodies of the

men

Mighty nowhere
"

resuscitated, he said in his heart, " Alas
I

woe

is

me, that
of the

should have been the cause of bringing the
strait.

men

Island of the Mighty into so great a

Evil betide

me

if

I find

not a deliverance therefrom."

And

he cast

among the dead bodies of the Irish, and two unshod Irishmen came to him, and, taking him to be one of
himself

the Irish, flung him into the caldron.

And

he stretched

himself out in the caldron, so that he rent the caldron
into four pieces,

and burst

his

own

heart also.

240

The Boy's Mabinogion.

In consequence of that the

men
men

of the Island of the

Mighty obtained such success
not victorious, for only seven

as they
of

had

;

but they were
all

them

escaped,

and Bendigeid Vran himself was wounded
a poisoned dart.

in the foot with

Now
of

the seven

men

that escaped were

Pryderi,

Manawyddan, Gluneu

Eil Taran, Taliesin,

Ynawc,

Grudyen the son
Hen.

Muryel, and Heilyn the son of

Gwynn

And
bear
it it

Bendigeid Vran commanded them that they should
"

cut off his head.

And take you my head,"

said he,

"and

even unto the White Mount, in London, and bury

there, with the face towards France.

And

a long time

will

you be upon the

road.

In Harlech you will be feast-

ing seven years, the birds of Rhiannon singing unto you the while.
pleasant
at

And
in

all

that time the head will be to you as
it

company

as

ever was

when on my

body.

And

Gwales

Penvro you
there,

will be fourscore years,

and you

may remain
until

and the head with you uncorrupted,

you open the door that looks towards Aber Henvelen, and towards Cornwall. And after you have opened
that door, there
to

you may no longer

tarry, set forth

then

London

to

bury the head, and go straight forward."
off his

So they cut
therewith.

head, and these seven went forward

And Branwen was

the eighth with them, and

they came to land at Aber Alaw, in Talebolyon, and they
sat

down

to rest.

And Branwen

looked towards Ireland
if

and towards the Island
descry them.

of the Mighty, to see

she could
I

"Alas," said she,

"woe

is

me

that

was

Branwen
ever born
:

the

Daughter of Llyr.

241
of

two islands have- been destroyed because

me

!

"

Then she

uttered a loud groan, and there broke

her heart.

And

they made her a foursided grave, and

buried her upon the banks of the Alaw.

Then
lech,

the seven

men journeyed

forward towards Har;

bearing the head with them
there

and as they went
of

behold

met

them a multitude
.''

men and

of

women.
"

We

" Have you any tidings " asked Manawyddan. have none," said they, " save that Caswallawn the

son of Beli, has conquered the Island of the Mighty, and
is

crowned king

in

London."

"What
of Bran,

has become," said they "of Caradawc the son
left

and the seven men who were

with him in

this island.?"

" Caswallawn

came upon them, and slew

six of the

men,

and Caradawc's heart broke
that wielded

for grief thereof; for

he could
it

see the sword that slew the men, but
it.

knew

not

who

was

Caswallawn had flung upon him the Veil

of Illusion, so that

no one could see him slay the men, but

the sword only could they see.
slay Caradawc, because he

And
his

it

liked

him not

to

was

nephew, the son

of his

cousin.

And now he was
grief.

the third whose heart had broke

through

Pendaran Dyved, who had remained as a
into the wood," said

young page with these men, escaped
they.

Then they went on
rest,

to Harlech,

and there stopped to
liquor,

and they provided meat and
to drink.

and

sat

down

to

eat

and

And

there

came three

birds,

and began

;

242
singing unto

The Boy's Mabinogion.
them a
certain song,

and

all

the songs tliey
;

had ever heard were unpleasant compared thereto
the birds seemed to

and
from
if

them

to be at a great distance

them

over the sea, yet they appeared as distinct as

they were close by, and at this repast they continued
seven years.

And
to

at the close of the

seventh year they went forth
there they found a fair and
;

Gwales in Penvro.

And

regal spot overlooking the ocean
therein.

and a

spacioiis hall

was

And

they went into the
;

Hall,

and two

of its

doors were open

but the third door was closed,

— that
said

which looked towards Cornwall.

" See, yonder,"

Manawyddan, "is the door

that

we may not
laid before

open."

And
ful.

that night they regaled themselves and were joy-

And

of all they

had seen of food
of,

them,

and

of all they

had heard

they remembered nothing

neither of that, nor of any sorrow whatsoever.

And

there

they

remained

fourscore

years,

unconscious of

having ever spent a time more joyous and mirthful.

And

they were not more weary than

came, neither did they, any of them,
they had been there.

when first they know the time
to

And

it

was not more irksome
if

them having the head with them, than
had been with them himself.
score years,
head.
in
it

Bendigeid Vran

And

because of these four-

was

called the entertaining of the noble

The

entertaining of

Branwen and Matholwch was

the time that they went to Ireland.

One day

said Heilyn the son of

Gwynn,

" Evil betide

Branwen
me
is
if I

the

Daughter of Llyr.
if

243
true which

do not open the door to know

that

is

said concerning it."

So he opened the

door,

and looked
they

towards Cornwall and Aber Henvelen.

And when

had looked, they were as conscious

of all the evils they

had ever sustained, and
they had
as
if

of all the friends

and companions

lost,

and

of all the

misery that had befallen them,
;

all

had happened

in that very spot

and especially

of

the fate of their lord.

And

because of their perturbation

they could not

rest,

but journeyed forth with the head

towards London.

And

they buried the head in the
it

White Mount, and when
third goodly concealment
;

was buried
it

this

was the
ill-fated

and

was the third

disclosure

when

it

was

disinterred,

inasmuch as no

in-

vasion from across the sea came to this island while the

head was

in that concealment.

244

The Boy's Mabinogion.

MANAWYDDAN AND THE
[ENTITLED IN THE ORIGINAL

MICE.

"MANAWYDDAN THE SON

OF

LLYR."]

\^ /"HEN
* *

the seven

men

of

whom we

spoke

[in

the

foregoing talej had buried the head of Bendigeid
its

Vran, in the White Mount in London, with towards France,

face
of

Manawyddan gazed upon the town
his

London, and upon
sigh; and

companions, and heaved a great

much

grief

and heaviness came upon him.
is

"Alas, Almighty Heaven, woe
" there
is

me!" he

exclaimed,
this

none save myself without a resting-place

night."

"Lord," said Pryderi,
cousin
is

"be not so

sorrowful.

Thy

king of the Island of the Mighty, and though

he should do thee wrong, thou hast never been a claimant
of land or possessions.

Thou

art the third disinherited

prince."

"Yea," answered he; "but although
cousin,
it

this

man

is

grieveth

me

to see

any one

in the place of
I

my my

brother Bendigeid Vran, neither can

be happy in the

same dwelling with him."

"

Manawyddan and
"

the Mice.
of

245
?

Wilt

thou

follow

the

counsel

another

"

said

Pryderi.

" I stand in need of counsel," he answered

;

" and

what

may

that counsel be

?

" Seven

cantrevs

remain

unto

me,"

said
I

Pryderi,

"wherein Rhiannon

my mother

dwells.

will

bestow

her upon thee, and the seven Cantrevs with her, and thou
couldst not have seven Cantrevs fairer than they.

Kicva,

the daughter of

Gwynn

Gloyw,

is

my

wife f and since the

inheritance of the Cantrevs belongs to me, do thou and

Rhiannon enjoy them."

They set forth, and, however long the journey, they came at length to Dyved and a feast was prepared for them against their coming to Narberth, which Rhiannon and Kicva had provided. Then began Manawyddan and
;

Rhiannon
course his
her,

to sit

and

to talk together, his thoughts in his heart

and from their

dis-

mind and

became warmed towards
" Pry-

and he thought "I

he had never beheld any

lady more fulfilled of grace and beauty than she.
deri," said he,
will that
.'

it

be as thou didst say."
asked Rhiannon.
did offer thee as a wife to

"

What

saying was that

"
I

" Lady," said Pryderi, "

Manawyddan the son
"

of Llyr."

By

that will I gladly abide," said Rhiannon.
I also,"

"Right glad am

said

Manawyddan.

"May

Heaven reward him who hath shown unto me
so perfect as this."

friendship

And

before the feast was over she

became

his bride.

" Caswallawn in Kent: thou shall mayest therefore tarry be nearer. and wait until he "We feast. nor greater fish. And at after his return. and took their ease ." my homage unto Caswalis lawn the son "Lord. and highly was he praised for offering his homage. and their retinue with them." at the feast. to take their pleasure. Pryderi and Manawyddan feasted.246 The Boy's Mabinogion. and there nated honor. . So they finished the And they began to make the circuit of Dyved. and tendered his homage and honorable was his reception there. And in the midst of all this he went to Caswallawn . nor better hunting-grounds. " Tarry ye here the rest of the feast. lo there came a of mist so thick that not one of them could see the other. and will go into Lloegyr to tender of Beli. and with the violence of the thunderstorm. and proceeded all they four to the Gor- sedd of Narberth. And they began a feast origifirst Narberth all for it was the chief palace. will wait. behold a peal of thunder. plenty of honey and And such was the friendship between those four. And fall as they sat thus. meal that night. they had never seen lands more pleasant to live in. while those who served them arose and went forth. and And as they went through the country. that they would not be parted from each other by night nor by day. And wlien they had ended the ate. and pleasure. at Oxford. and to hunt." said Rhiannon. I Said Pryderi." he answered.

and to the sleeping-place. killed in hunting.Manawyddan and And after the mist it the Mice." of Heaven. without their knowing aught of what had befallen them. "where all are they of the court." said Manawyddan. — neither house. and came as far as Hereford. . and seek some craft whereby we may to gain our support. and the honey of "Verily. saddles. nor fire. save those four only. without either man or beasj: within them. And they betook themselves And Manawyddan began to make had seen it housings and he gilded and colored them with blue the manner that he enamel in done by . now. they saw nothing beast." Let So they came into the and and there was no man and ." cried Manawyddan. all And when they had consumed their feast and their provisions. "we must not bide thus. And when they looked towards the place where they were wont to see cattle and herds and dwellings. and my host beside these hall. and they saw none in the mead-cellar in the kitchen there was nought but desolation." So they went into Lloegyr. and they went on to the castle. Let us go into Lloegyr. and they visited the houses and dwellings. but the houses of the court empty and desert and uninhabited. . and found nothing but wild beasts. nor dwelling. Then they began to go through the land and all the possessions that they had. 247 became light all around. "In the name us go and see. nor smoke. making . nor nor man. And truly all their companions were lost to them. they fed upon the prey they the wild swarms.

" So they four went 1 to another city. neither saddle nor housing was bought of a throughout all . we shall have evil fame. is not my counsel that By Heaven." said Manawyddan. Now they received warning of and took counsel whether they should leave the Pryderi. till at one of the saddlers perceived that they were losing gain." "Not so. this. It were better for us to go to another town to maintain ourselves. it And he made the blue enamel as was made by the other man.248 The Boy's Mabinogion. And therefore is it still called Caleb Lasar [blue enamel]." said we should quit the " we should slay these boors. we take " said Pryderi. Then they assembled together. shape of the good shields they had seen and they enamelled them." said Manawyddan "for. because Llasar Llaes- gywydd had wrought it. to will try. Llasar Llaesgywydd. There they began after the shields. town. " it city. and fashioned them . and shall be put in prison. make shields." answered he. and agreed to of their much but him slay him and his companions. so that not a shield And they prospered in that for in the was asked whole . as they had done the saddles. " Do we know any thing about that craft ? said craft shall "What "We will "We make Pryderi. place. And saddler as long as that workmanship could be had of ManaHereford length every wyddan. and that no man bought of them who could not get what he sought from Manawyddan. if we fight with them. but that .

We buy will not atterript to dress the but we will it ready dressed. But at last they were marked by the craftsmen. and heard their destruction. said Pryderi. "these men desire to slay us." said Pryderi. and we shall be undone. until he learned the method." " Not so." he answered." " " it. who came But they resolved on together in haste. 249 town. and will make the shoes from it.Manawyddan and the Mice. their work. "But I know." answered Manawyddan. and none other would he buy except the leather for the soles." let "Not shoes. "but us take to making know nothing thereof. Rapid therefore was and numberless were the shields they made. received warning. and his men will hear of town. and agreed that they should seek to slay them. And he associated himself with the best goldsmith in the town. to make shoes. but such as was had of them." So he began by buying the best cordwal that could be had in the town. and caused clasps for the it him . I will stitch. . Whatsoever thou so." "I he replied." said Manawyddan. how the men had this "Pryderi. Let us go to another So to another town they went. but let us rather upon them and " Caswallawn slay them. "and teach thee to leather . and to gild the clasps and he marked how was done. and their fellow-townsmen Mdth them." wilt that we know. Let us not endure fall from these boors.' What craft shall we take " said Manawyddan. And therefore he was called one of the three makers of .

" said Pryderi. so Pryderi stitched they came together and took counsel." men are minded "Wherefore should we bear thieves ? this let from the us slay boorish all. Let us Dyved and go to see it. we remain in Lloegyr any longer. And there they kindled and supported themselves by hunting. "these to slay us. a shoe nor hose was bought of any of the cordwainers in the town." said Manawyddan. "Rather them "Not so." said neither will set forth to Manawyddan: "we will not slay them. and returned to the men. at and came to a small bush which was near hand ." until So they journeyed along they came to Dyved. and they went forward to Narberth. The Boy^s Mabinogion. and went forth from the palace. And they gathered their dogs around them. rushed towards . and tarried there one year. a wild boar of a pure white color rose up from the bush.250 gold shoes ." " said Pryderi. "and see what in it. "Let us go near is to the bush. And hunt . being set on by the men. And thus they spent a month. And some of the dogs ran before them. but as soon as they were come to the bush they hastily drew back. their gains were Manawyddan shaped the work. not But when the cordwainers perceived that failing (for as it). and when they could be had from him. Then the dogs. one morning Pryderi and Manawyddan rose up to and they ranged their dogs. fire. and agreed that they would slay them. their hair bristling up greatly. behold." And as they came near. "Pryderi.

" " Of a truth. all until they beheld a vast in a place and newly where they had never before seen either stone or building.Manawyddan and him . of the Gorsedd they looked And from the top for the dogs. and fell back a little way from near. "thou wouldst be unwise to go into this castle which thou hast never seen till now. dogs had gone into the they began to wonder at finding a castle in a place where they had never before then seen any building whatsoever. nor boar nor dogs. Now. " tidings of the dogs. and made a stand against the dogs. up. and the dogs after him." said Pryderi. he came within the castle." I will go into the castle to get "Truly. my counsel. of the and listened But so long as they were there they heard not one dogs. when the boar and the castle. nor house nor dwelling. thou wouldst not enter cast a spell over this land has Whosoever has caused this castle to be here. 251 but he left the bush. the Mice." he replied." answered Pryderi. he fell back a second time. And the boar ran swiftly into the castle. When within it. nor aught concerning them. the boar built. until the men had come And when the men came flight. neither man nor saw he he beheld beast. without retreating from them. yet to the castle he went. the men. " Lord. If thou wouldst follow therein. " I cannot thus give up my dogs." And for all the counsel that Manawyddan gave him. But in the centre of the castle-floor . and betook him to Then they pursued lofty castle.

and his joyousness forsook him. And gold." And he related it all unto her. and with the rich workmanship and he he went up to the bowl and laid hold of it. chains hanging from the which he saw no end. and air. and his all on which the bowl was placed. She was nothing daunted. And as Pryderi laying hold of the bowl. And late in the evening. "the adventure that has beme. and as she did her hands became fast to the bowl." said she. she took hold of the bowl with him . . and her feet to the . "and a good companion hast thou lost.' And so. and proceeded towards the castle according to the direction which he gave her. it." said she. evil "An companion hast thou been. close of that he should have no tidings of Pryderi or of the dogs." he answered." And with that word she went out." 252 The Boy's Mabinogioti. "are thy companion and thy dogs . work around to it. of the castle she The gate found open. "what dost thou do here " him. And when had taken hold of feet to the slab his hands stuck to the bowl. she went in she perceived and she went in.? fallen "Behold. and she went towards " O my lord. Rhiannon looked "Where." said Rhiannon. being certain word. at hira. And Manawyddan waited for him till near the the day. a fountain with marble of the fountain a and on the margin golden bowl upon a marble slab. And as he entered. so that he could not utter a And thus he stood. he went back to the palace. he was greatly pleased with the beauty of the of the bowl.

Pryderi Held Fast by the Enchanted Bowl. .

.

" thee. And Kicva would have but] "Nay." "Heaven reward deemed of thee. set forth together to Lloegyr. "we will go back unto Dyved. and : we cannot get Let us go into Lloegyr it is easiest for us to find support there." she said. And Manawyddan saw I this." said he. lo. lady. there came thunder upon them. lord. and thereupon the castle van- and they with When Kicva. of wheat. "we will do so. "if through fear of thus. And then he . saw that there was no one in the palace but herself and Manawydart in the dan." "Gladly. And he proceeded towards Narberth. " Thou wrong. "Truly." said he. she sorrowed so that she cared not whether she lived or died. it." said she." said Manawyddan. "it us to stay here food. craft.Manawyddan and slab. : is not fitting for we have lost our dogs. Now Madawyddan. and a ished. the daughter of Gwynn Gloew." And they [But again the cordwainers drove them from their fought them . and she was not able it to utter a word. and there he dwelt. And with that." So towards Dyved they set forth. "and that is what I And the damsel thereupon took courage and was glad. call me thou grievest Heaven to witness that thou hast never I seen friendship more pure than that which will bear thee as long as Heaven will that thou shouldst be thus. the Mice. when took with him a burden he set out to return to Dyved. of mist. as became fall night.

" to reap it. "if I was ripe. and the ears carried entirely away. the stalk." So he took and began to watch the befallen. it was " I will reap this to-morrow." to look at the third croft. And man no wheat in the world ever sprung up better. and behold that I was ripe. who is. and behold he. And on " the morrow he came with the and when he came there he found nothing but Oh. off Every one of the ears of the all wheat was cut from. will come it in like Whoever carried off the other corn manner to take this. " I it. to look at one of his crofts. And I will know his arms. and when he came there he found nothing but the bare straw." said to Narberth." said he. "Verily. and " Evil betide me. watch not here to-night. know that whosoever has begun my ruin is completing and has also destroyed the country with me. and left. croft. and he sowed a croft." said he. And thus passed the seasons of the year until the harvest came. And at this he marvelled Then he went also to look at another croft. And the three crofts prospered with perfect growth. and a second." he exclaimed. to prepare some ground. "this will reap tointent morrow.254 began The Boy's MabinogioTi. And he went ripe. and no ever saw fairer wheat than it. the bare straw. finer this also and when he wheat had there never been seen. and a third. gracious Heaven. Then he went came there. And that night he went back And on the morrow in the gray dawn he went to reap the croft. And he told Kicva all that had . nothing but the straw greatly.

and had carried away. and he lighted a the string upon a peg. until the of its And their he knew not what it was mice had made way into the croft. and of the glove with a string. And he went watch the And at midnight. I will tell thee." said she. lord." said he. " said she. which. "that I found robbing me. which could neither be And he host of mice in the numbered nor measured. had cut off it the straw and bending down with one of the ears of wheat.? "What hast thou there. and hung the glove by . that "What kind of thief . and behold the mightiest world. In wrath and anger did he rush upon the mice . though fast that a was but sluggish." he answered. Then he came to the hall where fire. except one only. lo.? may it thou couldst put into thy glove " Behold. " the Mice. climbing up weight. and up the opening with him. and he tied it caught it. leaving there the stalk and he saw not a single straw there that it. to 255 do ? what thinkest thou " I will watch the to croft to-night. or birds in the it if they had been air. had not a mouse to And they all took their way. and kept returned to the palace." be. looked. and put in his glove. ." Manawyddan and " Verily. it and each them. it. carrying the ears with them. there arose the loudest tumult in the world. croft. Then he showed . but he could no more come up with them than gnats. lord " said Kicva. Kicva was." said he. "A thief. went so man on foot could scarce overtake And it after this one he went.

said Manawyddan " but as I know of none. then." said she. except to prevent discredit unto thee. except those four persons who had remained together until two of them were lost." said he. and such as have I will hang. And he set up two forks on the highest part of the Gorsedd." I would take thy counsel concerning . had been wasted and destroyed. "there is no reason that should succor this reptile." of " If knew any cause it. And while he was doing this. lord. let it thou wilt not meddle with the creature. " if them was : nimble than the I will rest." before I had them." said she. lady. " this is marvellous. in the world wherefore thou shouldst succor it. less how his fields how " the mice came And one of now in my glove Heaven. And all. And it was now seven years since he had seen in that place either man or beast." I "Verily. and to the last of the fields in his sight. I am minded to destroy it.256 her Tlie Boy's Mabinogion. Do I therefore. taking the mouse with him. Woe could betide me. as thou wilt." " all. but wilt go. And then he went to the Gorsedd of Narberth." " Do so willingly. behold he saw a scholar coming towards him in old and poor and tattered garments. lord. would hang them My lord. " I if I would not hang them I catch them . But yet it would be unseemly for a man of dignity like thee to be hanging such a reptile as this." said she. And if thou doest right. and is to-morrow I hang it. .

" I have received as alms. " Except that I would not see a man of rank equal to thine touching such a reptile. and my And whence " I dost thou come. I " Heaven prosper come. neither will I sell it.'" asked the scholar." said he." answered he. lord ? am hanging a thief that caught robbing me. I And what work art I thou upon. Let it go forth free." said the scholar. " by Heaven ." said he. let which free. I would give thee a pound." "Truly. 257 My lord." And the scholar went his way. " he. lord. to the reptile go forth " I will not let it go free." " As thou wilt." he answered. upon and I will hang it. and the doom of a thief will it." said "What manner does it of thief is that." said he. and moment. scholar " asked he. "I I caught inflict robbing me. I care nought. . . from singing in Lloegyr ? and wherefore dost thou inquire " Because." " Manawyddan and " the Mice. by Heaven. "rather than see a man to thine at of rank equal such a work as this. lord. lord." greeting be unto thee. like " I see a creature in thy hand unto a mouse to thine to ." said he." "Lord. thee. "I go through this land unto mine own." "I will it let go free. for the last seven years. " I have seen no thyself this man here save four secluded persons. " good day to thee. and ill become a man not of rank equal it touch a reptile such as this.

" it said he. so shall lord." I sell it " set By my it confession to Heaven. be hanged. I he. I has been robbing me." it is " It is true." 258 The Boy's Mabinogion.' asked he. " in form of a mouse." said " Heaven prosper thee ! " said Manawyddan . Then he noosed the string around the mouse's neck. " thy bless- ing. Good-day to thee. behold a priest came towards him upon a horse " covered with trappings." he answered. will not. priest do thy good pleasure. behold." "Willingly. neither will nor free. art thou doing } " he. lord ." am inflicting upon it the doom "Lord. But rather than see thee defile thyself by touching such a reptile as this. to and as he was about draw it up." said reptile. lord. he saw a bishop's retinue with his sumpter-horses. it by Heaven. and of a thief. that worth nothing to buy." "I it." said " "What manner " of thief. "rather than its see thee touch this would purchase freedom. I will give thee three pounds to let it go. as he And was placing the crossbeam upon the two forks. he. "take any price for As ought." " The I blessing of Heaven be upon thee ! And what. lord. lord. and his attend- . am hanging a thief that I caught robbing me. It A creature." And the went his way.

" " If thou wilt not loose for this. " Since for this thou wilt not. ." will not set it by Heaven. I will give thee four and twenty pounds " I of ready free. "And I it she has robbed me." said he. and the seven horses upon. do so at what price soever will do so." "Lord bishop." to "I declare Heaven that I will not set it it loose. in I will give thee all the -horses that thou seest this plain." said he. ing." Maiiawyddan and ants. I will this reptile." said he." "By Heaven. " I will that Rhiarmon and Pryderi be free. I " Is not that a mouse that see in thy hand 1 " Yes." he answered. "thy "Heaven's blessing be unto thee." said he." said he. the Mice. and thou shalt have the money. "since have come at the doom of of thee. for as much again.'" thief that I Hanging a caught robbing me." said he. " If thou wilt not set it free for this." "Ay. "What work " art thou upon. rank equal to thine destroying so Let it loose. give thee seven pounds for and that rather than see a man of vile a reptile as this. 259 And the bishop himself came towards him." said he. and the seven that they are loads of baggage. "That thou shalt have." answered he. money to set it free." he replied. thou wilt." " I I will not. I will ransom it. And bless- he stayed his work.

and I cast it the charm over the seven cantrevs to Dyved. of had towards him. first And it was my own houseAnd the second night also they went." he answered." : set therefore the mouse 'I "I will not set it free. Wherethe son "To of despoil thee. will know who the mouse may be. that I cast the And upon Pryderi did revenge Gwawl the son Clud for the game of Badger in the Bag that Pwyll in Pen Annwn played upon him. Not yet will I loose the mouse. I will But since [my wife] has been caught. my came and besought me hold that went the to transform into mice.26o " " " The Boy's Mabinogioti. transformed them. restore thee Pryderi and I will take . which he did unadvisedly the court of Heveydd H^n. by Heaven." said he." "She is my wife. by Heaven. I will not " fore came she to me ? set her free. that they might destroy thy corn. and Rhiannon . and they destroyed thy two crofts. "I am Llwyd of Kilcoed." " ? What then wouldst thou That the charm and the illusion be removed from the seven Cantrevs of Dyved." " Even though she be. And was I avenge Gwawl the son I of Clud from the friendship charm." " This shalt thou have also free. And I night. come And when them it was known household that thou wast to dwell in the land. and besought me to transform them. And the third night came unto me my wife and the ladies of the court.

" see Pryderi and Rhiannon with me free. " I will that there be no more charm upon the seven it Cantrevs of Dyved." said the bishop. And thereupon he set her free. And thereupon behold Pryderi and Rhiannon. have now told thee who she is. chieftain." ' I will not. . "What wilt thou more .' "What wilt thou furthermore " asked he. now my wife all at liberty." " Set now my wife at liberty. set " down beside them. "Now set her free." he answered.? "I will release her gladly." said he. by Heaven." said he. by my faith. and greeted them. And truly thou hast done wisely in asking all this." said he. have ." " Yea." said he. I 261 Dyved. here they come." Manawyddan and the charm and illusion from off the Mice.? " he asked. or Rhiannon." said he. "until I " I will not. Upon thy head would have lighted this trouble." " This thou shalt have. and " Ah." he answered. Hast thou not received thou didst ask . " for fear thereof was it that I required this. either upon Pryderi. And sat he rose up to meet them. and that none shall be put upon henceforth. " Behold." " All this shalt thou have. . " this will I that vengeance be never taken for or this." "I will not set her free." said he. Set her therefore free. upon me. by Heaven." " Behold.

full of And when he looked the lands tilled. and Rhiannon has had the collars of the asses. What bondage." said he. Then Llywyd struck her with a magic wand. story called the ." 262 The Boy's Mabinogion. after they have been carrying hay. as it was in its best And he saw " he rose up and looked all forth." he and Rhiannon } inquired. the fairest ever seen. and herds and dwellings. And by reason of this bondage is this Mabinogi of Mynnweir and Mynord. " Look around upon thy land. and she was changed back into a young woman. "and then thou wilt see state. " has there been upon Pry- deri " Pryderi has had the knockers of the gate of my palace about his neck. about her neck." And such had been their bondage." it all tilled and peopled.

For Caerlleon was the place most easy of access in his dominions. thirteen And when he was at Caerlleon. 26. GERAINT THE SQN OF A ERBIN.Geraint the Son of Erbin. and the second for Gwenhwyvar for the and her ladies . And there he held And once upon seven Easters a time he held his court there at Wliitsuntide. holding his court. both by sea and by kings. for the nine masters of the household.^ ' for he. land. churches were set apart for mass.' RTHUR was five accustomed to hold his court at Caerit ^^ and lleon-upon-Usk. For they were his invited guests at all the high festivals. steward of the household and the suitors and the fourth for the franks and the others officers : and the other nine churches were and chiefly for his. and likewise earls and barons. from the eminence of incidents of his warlike Geraint It is from this tale that Tennyson drew the poem upon and Enid. Gwalchmai. unless they were prevented by any great hin- drance. and the third . is the "Sir Gawaine" of Malory's King Arthur^ . ^ "Gwalchmai." as before stated. And there were assembled nine crowned who were his tributaries. : And thus his were they appointed kings and his guests one church for Arthur and . Christmases.

" "What " is there about him. " It a marvel to me that thou dost not lord. I am one of thy foresters. the Forest of Dean. "I " I do. " Hail to thee." said he I : " in the forest I saw a stag the like of which beheld never yet. there entered fair-headed youth. fame. "and be thou } Dost thou bring any new tidings he said." asked Arthur. lord. thee. and low shoes of leather upon his feet. "that thou ? never yet didst see his like He is of pure white. lord. so royal any other animal through stateliness and is his bearing. as the king sat at the banquet. And will I come to seek thy counsel. lord. the son of Twrgadarn. clad in a coat and a surcoat of diapered satin. and they divided the year amongst them." know thee is not." said Arthur. and to know thy concerning him. "Heaven prosper welcome. and he does not herd with pride." he answered. "to go and hunt . lord " said he. for he had seven chief porter . Glewlwyd Gavaelvawr was the high festivals." said Arthur. And on Whitlo ! Tuesday. except at one of the three men to serve him. and a golden-hilted sword about his neck." "It seems best to me." " 264 The Boy's Mabinogion." "Tell me thine errand. And ! he came and stood before Arthur. in know me. lord. " I will do so. and my name is Madawc. but he did not himself perform the oiKce. was the most exalted of the nine." said Arthur. and from the nobleness of his birth. a tall.

sent the youth before them. or to the lady of his friend." said . Then will I go. and to cause general all notice thereof to-be given to-night in court. And all And they received notice ." quarters of the And it Arryfuerys was Arthur's chief huntsman. and the attend- "Disturb her not. they arose and Arthur called the attendants to who guarded his couch. that one. Then Gwenhwyvar said to Arthur." it "I grant gladly." said she. be he a knight. and ample entertainment." said she. are not ready to- morrow for the chase. permit that into whose hunt soever the stag foot. And Arthur wondered that ." Geraint the Son of Erbin. and did not move in her bed ants wished to awaken her." And they passed the night with songs and diversions and discourse. . . "to go to-morrow the hunt of the stag of which the young " " I will gladly." said see and hear man spoke } Arthur. or one on off his head. " Lord. was time for them all to go to sleep. if "and all let the steward of the household be chastised. 265 him to-morrow at break of day. and Arelivri was and thus was arranged. lord. and arrayed him in his garments. And men did Arthur and saluted him. Gwenhwyvar not awake." Wilt thou permit to me. may cut and give it to whom he pleases. they went. if it seem well shall to thee. whether to his own lady-love. And when it And these when came the next day came." said Arthur. come. And Gwalchmai said to Arthur. his chief page.

and she found but two . and a golden-hilted sword was at his side. and the rider was a fair- haired youth. and he heard two horns of the chief page. and of princely mien. Arthur. and saluted prosper thee. Geraint. and order hither a horse such as a woman may ride. and they took the road to the forest. Go one of you to the stable. "for she had rather sleep than go to see the hunting." Then Arthur went forth." said she. they heard a loud and rushing sound and they looked behind them. at each corner of which was a golden apple. last night to to her maidens. bare-legged. And after Arthur had gone forth from the called palace." said she first I : " saw thee just now. And the Heaven knew thee when welcome of Heaven her. and apparelled herself. And as they rode thus. Gwenhwyvar awoke. And his horse stepped stately and swift and proud and he overtook Gwenhwyvar. "I had leave go and see the hunt." And one of them went. and a robe and a surcoat of satin were upon him. horses in the stable and Gwenhwyvar and one of her maidens mounted them. . and the other from near that And the whole assembly of the multitudes came to Arthur. one from near the lodging of the chief hunts- man. and around him was a scarf of blue purple.. and two low shoes of leather upon his feet. and beheld a knight upon a hunter-foal of mighty size . sounding. and followed the track of the men and the horses. and "Maidens. and went through the Usk. 266 The Boy's Mabinogion. I " .

and they looked towards the spot whence it came. this place. size. "I marvel too." " Geraint the Son of Erbin. be unto thee. and strong and in tl." " Indeed. lady ! " said he. and she was near her was And near the dwarf they saw a lady upon a beautiful . shall be more amused with the hunting hear the horns when they sound. to 267 And why didst thou not go with thy lord hunt ? " Because I knew not when he went. or a horse." So they went stood. And truly they never before saw a knight. "and the strange armor . than they for we shall shall hear the dogs when they are and begin to cry. white horse of steady and stately pace clothed in a garment of gold brocade. and there they shall hear "From "we when the dogs are let loose.the of that tall knight yonder .e And hand of the dwarf was a whip. And it may be and we that ." said she. "I was asleep." And thereupon they heard a loud noise. a knight And upon a war-horse of large size. I and knew not when he went. spirited." said to "how he could go unknown me. or armor." said he. stately. "knowest thou." said Gwenhwyvar. And they were all near "Geraint. said he.? name "I know him not. of such remarkable to each other. and they beheld a dwarf riding upon a horse. with heavy and bright armor both upon himself and upon his horse. and foaming and prancing. to the edge of the forest. let loose." she.

and the dwarf waited for the maiden when he saw her coming towards him. I will ask him himself." said she. by my faith!" said the dwarf. "That wilt thou not. not tell "I " will thee. . " " I Very rudely has the dwarf treated thee. And the maiden. that he wears prevents features. And Geraint went up to the dwarf." my either seeing his face or his "Go. Wherefore " said she. " Who Then is yonder knight " said Geraint." he answered.268 The Boys Mabinogion. across the face and the eyes." said the dwarf. "Thou art not honorable enough to speak with my lord. complaining of the pain. ." will said Geraint. upon which the dwarf struck her. go myself to know who the knight is." ." " Go." Then the maiden turned her horse's head towards the knight. through the hurt she received from the blow. maiden.' "Thou " by my faith ! " said he. " Since thou art so churlish as not to tell me. " will I ask him himself." said he. until the blood flowed forth. returned to Gwenhwyvar.' " I will not tell thee. with the whip that was in his hand." said Gwenhwyvar." who that knight Gwenhwyvar. " Because thou art not of honor sufficient to befit thee to speak to my lord." shalt not ask him. "and ask the dwarf Then the maiden went up to the dwarf. of the And the maiden inquired dwarf who the knight was." said is.

along a fair and even and lofty ridge of ground until they came to a town. and struck him as he had done the maiden." And with that he departed. Said Geraint. to some inhabited where I pledge. And the road they took was belo-^^ the palace of CaerAnd they went Ueon." said she. "If I am "thou shalt hear tidings of me by to-morrow afternoon. And he turned his horse's head towards the but the dwarf overtook him. so that the blood colored the scarf that Geraint wore." said she. he. "Lady." knight ." alive. Then Geraint put . And when Geraint came into the . "Thou hast acted wisely and discreetly. and at last he will come place. " I 269 of equal have spoken with men rank with him. all the people arose and saluted him. so that may have arms either as a loan I may encounter the knight." "and do not attack him I shall or for a "Go. and bade him welcome.Geraint the Son of Erbin. and at the extremity of the town they saw a fortress and a extremity of the castle. and considered that for would be no vengeance him to slay the dwarf." said he. his hand upon the hilt of his sword but he took counsel with it himself. until thou hast good arms and be very anxious concerning thee until I hear tidings of thee. And the knight passed through it." said "I will follow him yet. : and to be attacked unarmed by the armed knight so he returned to where Gwenhivy- var was. and across the ford of the Usk. . with thy permission. And as they came to the town.

if town." "Wilt thou come forward this way. And Geraint gazed upon him for a long time. one chamber. steadfastly a hoary-headed man. chieftain. palace and when he came near to the palace he saw but it." know not where to go to-night. and shoeing horses. he went towards the old . "because I thou thoughtful?" said he. But he knew none. wherein was a hall that was falling to decay. he looked at every house to see of those he knew any whom to do he saw. to headed man spoke "wherefore art him. and to show their joy. And from the battlements and the gates they risked their necks through their eagerness to greet them. and washing armor. "I am thoughtful.270 The Boy's Mabinogian. and a bridge of marble-stone leading to And upon the bridge he saw sitting upon whom were tattered garments. Geraint stood there to see whether the knight would remain in the castle.'" said . certain that he at a little dis- would do so. And when he was ." he said. And as he knew not any one in the town. he looked around him and tance from the town he saw an old palace in ruins. Then the hoary"Young man. full And of men and arms and horses. and burnishing swords. and every one was glad in the castle. and none to let knew him saw was him the kindness him have arms every house he either as a loan or for a pledge. And they were polishing shields. And the knight and the lady and the dwarf rode up to the castle that was in the town.

" said s]ie. And in the chamber he beheld an old decrepit old. 271 "and thou shalt have the best that can be procured for thee." " I will gladly. " There- comeliness and grace and And is the hoary-headed man said to of this no attendant for the horse youth but thyself. He. and he there his horse. and a youth with her. the maiden." So Geraint went forward. lord. bearing on his back a cos- . And they conversed together while the maiden was at the town." " I will render the best service I "both to him and to his horse. in the fulness of youth. tattered womanof satin sitting on a cushion. preceded him into the left headed hall man And the hall. the maiden dis- arrayed the youth." said she. "and bring hither the best thou canst find both of food and of liquor. And behold the maiden came back. And ! to the town went the maiden. Then he went on to the upper chamber with the hoary-headed man. And out. garments upon her and it seemed to him that he had beside her was a veil that never seen a woman fairer than she must have been when old. And hoaryin the he dismounted. upon whom were full a vest and a were and beginning to be worn of And truly he never saw a maiden more beauty than she. "Go that to the town. and then she furnished his horse with straw and with corn." said he. with . and then she returned to the chamben And the hoary-headed man said to the maiden. maiden." am And able.Geraint the Son of Erbin. And she went to the hall as before.

" said Geraint. in the first in. "Alas!" "how is it that thou hast lost them now "I " lost . and when their food this wise was ready." said Geraint. whom belonged the palace that he was I "Truly. and the putting of arms in order . And : they caused the meat to be boiled. Geraint talked with the hoary-headed and he asked him. And in the hands of the maiden was a quantity of white bread. "I could not obtain better than with better should " It is I "nor have been trusted. and what is the preparation which I saw. And it was on between the hoary-headed . "it was also that built it." said he. and wrested from me that possessed. the son . Geraint sat they sat down. and she had some manchet bread in her veil. to they had finished eating. and to me belonged the city and the castle which thou sawest. took his possessions to myself and his when he came property to his strength. he demanded of me but I withheld it from him." good enough. I had a nephew. And man . lost I of And this is how I my brother.' a great earldom as well as these. and the maiden served them." said he. them. "wilt thou tell me wherefore came the knight and the lady and the dwarf just now into the town.man and his wife. and a quarter of a young bullock." " 272 trel full The Boy's Mabinogion." said she. all So he made war I upon me.? . this. and she came into the chamber." said Geraint." "Good sir. and . And when place. they ate and drank. of good purchased mead.

" "Ah. Geraint the Son of Erbin. sir. and upon the hawk ment. of men and of horses and of arms." said he. to thee for whom thou canst Yet I is have arms here which thou couldest have.' " And Geraint told the hoary-headed that he man what the insult was had received. "Heaven reward thee! But mv . they will from that time will every year to him. . the wife of Arthur . "what thy counsel to me conI cerning this knight. except the lady he loves best be with him. . and upon the two silver rod a will all forks a silver rod." is Sparrow-hawk from that time "Sir. if he seem to thee better than thine own. And the knight that thou sawest has gained the sparrow-hawk these two years and send if it he gains it the third year. And with each man will go the lady he loves best and no man can joust for the sparrow-hawk. on account of the insult which received from the dwarf. will by the young earl. inasmuch as thou hast " It is neither dame nor maiden belonging joust. "The preparations are for the game which which that will is to be held to-morrow this wise. not easy to counsel thee.. and for the sparrow-hawk there be a tourna- And to the tournament will go the array thou didst see in the city. and he himself come here no more. be on In the midst of a meadow sparrow- here. "I will 273 do is so. And he will be called the Knight of the forth. two forks be set up. and that which was received by the maiden of Gwenhywvar. and there my horse also." said he." said Geraint.

And at night. and who has a better claim than thou. "it needful for thee be there at daybreak . it 'thou art the fairest of women." And thus was it settled." is said Geraint. I do not escape. will For then the Knight of the Sparrow-hawk make proclamation. "Fetch it not. Vhich I own am if. and. And when the appointed time thall come to-morrow." said the hoary-headed to man. before the dawn they time that it arose. and asking his lady-love to fetch the sparrow-hawk. and thou didst possess last year and the year previous . and more comely. accustomed.2 74 horse. and more noble." .' is And there- fore." said the hoary-headed it is And since thou dost thus resolve. and ask the lady he loves best ' to take the sparrow-hawk. to challenge yonder maiden that thy daughter. to it. sir. and if any deny it thee to-day. For. to love the maiden as long if as I live. she will remain as before. " will I permit thee. will suffice." "Gladly man. to The Boy's Mabinogion. if escape from the tournament.' will he say to her. and arrayed themselves day. necessary that thy horse and arms should be ready to-morrow at break of day. I will engage. they and by the was were all four in the meadow. and we three will be with thee. And . lo they went ! to sleep. And there was the Knight of the Sparrow-hawk making the proclamation. together with thy arms. "for there is here a maiden who fairer. thou for I wilt permit is me. by force will I defend it for thee.

And bethink thee that no knight ever withstood thee before so long as this one has done. " since is Then " ! man came in to Geraint. Sparrow-hawk gaining the mastery. thanking the hoary-headed a. And has an excellent point. and of uncouth shape." said the dwarf. man and his wife and his And the hoary-headed man . and they broke as were brought to them. and they broke a set of lances." And Geraint went forward to the top of the meadow. there was shouting and joy and mirth amongst And the hoary-headed daughter were sorrowful. and a third. behold. And many did at every onset. the hoary-headed said he. Then they thus they lances as encountered each other." said Geraint. And thereupon the dwarf also brought lance to his lord. here I the lance which. unless quickly hence. here is a lance for thee. he shall fare never me the .was my it hand on the day when . 275 "If thou maintainest the sparrow-hawk to be due to her. having upon himself and upon his horse armor which was heavy and rusty and worthless. "that. served Geraint lances as often as he broke them and the dwarf served the Knight of the Sparrow-hawk. received the honor of knighthood this I and from that time to never broke it. And when of the the earl and his com- pany saw the Knight them." "I declare death takes to Heaven. not less good than " his. and they broke a second set. come forward and do battle with me. the lance. " O chieftain no other will hold with thee." Then Geraint took man.Geraint the Son of Erbin. " Behold.

so all his head-armor. and wilt thou not seek vengeance and for the insult to Gwenhwy- var the wife of Arthur . even to the skull. their swords until their stars And they fought on foot with of fire like arms struck sparks from one another. better for thy service. until he wounded the bone. Then the hoary-headed man saw Geraint to him. and when the knight prevailed. and struck the knight upon the crown that he broke flesh all of his head. and said O chieftain. And Geraint dismounted quickly. and rushed Then the knight also arose. armor. hadst from the dwarf for the insult to thyself. and he drew upon him. remember the treatment which thou ." And Geraint pricked his horse towards him from afar. And he fiercely was wroth." 276 The Boy's Mabinogion. that he cleft it in two. And when his wife Geraint prevailed. upon the face broke his of his shield. so that both he and his saddle were borne to the ground over the horse's crupper. and thus they continued fighting until the blood and sweat obscured the light from their eyes. rejoiced the earl and his party.? And Geraint was roused by what he said to him. and all he called to him his strength. " receive a severe stroke. and gave him a blow so severe and furious and fierce. the hoary-headed man and and it his daughter were glad . . and he went up to him quickly. and drew his sword against Geraint. and cut through the and the skin. and warning him. his sword. and burst his girths. he rushed upon and him. and lifted up his sword.

" "I thee grace upon this condition. "Of a " I relinquish . " that thou wilt go to Gwenhwyvar the wife of Arthur." . to Heaven for my sins. and bade him to his castle. my overdaring and I my pride in craving thy meircy and unless have time to commit myself priest. I am Dis- content with that which have done unto thee. and to talk with a thy mercy will grant will avail me little. "but where night. art. mount not from the time thou goest hence until thou comest into the presence of Gwenhwyvar. Then came the little earl and his hosts to Geraint." the knight fell upon his knees. there will I was last be to-night also. And thus far this story up to that time. am Geraint the son of Erbin. to do her satisfaction for the insult which her maiden received from thy dwarf. 277 Then truth. insult As to myself." said Geraint.Geraint the Son of Erbin. of Geraint. and cast his sword from his hand." Then he threw him- upon his horse. and went forward to Arthur's court. and saluted him. and the lady he loved best went before him and the dwarf with much lamentation." And declare thou who thou I " self am Edeyrn the son of Nudd. And who thou } " said he. for the I which I received from thee and thy dwarf." art do gladly. I "I may not go. to make her what atonement "This "I also will I shall be adjud!ged at the court of Arthur. and besought mercy said he." said Geraint.

and those who were hidden to the tournament. Then they went and sat and they washed. and they arranged with fire. until she come to the court of in Arthur to be clad by Gwenhwyvar she such garments." And and thus went Geraint. "Where wife. Then came the young earl. "except her vest and her veil. and thus they were seated down And . to recover thee And I will order ointment from thy fatigues and from the weariness that is upon thee. dressing them with straw and in a short time the And ointment was ready.' "and his and his daughter are in " They the chamber yonder. And the earl asked him to go to the hall to is eat. and they washed head. may choose. his and Geraint came there. with forty honorable knights from among his attendants." said he. "Heaven reward thee!" to "and I will go my lodging. .as herself. all the houses." all So the maiden did not array entered the to meat. his daughter. And when they reached the chamber." said Geraint." : 278 " Since The Boy's Mabinogion. "arraying themselves in garments which the earl has caused to be brought for them. thou wilt none of of all that I my inviting." said the earl's chamberlain." said Geraint. the Earl Ynywl. for thee." "Let not the damsel array in herself. and Earl Ynywl. the household servants and attendants of the young earl had arrived at the court. and his wife. hall. thou shalt have for thee in the abundance can command place thou wast last night. And Geraint came from the anointing.

my faith. this " I will not. and agree said he. ". chieftain!" counsel." said "he shall not remain without them. and what he should have received from the time even until this day. " said Geraint." "Ah. on one side of Geraint sat 279 and Earl the young earl." answered is "Then.By chieftain ! " said the is young earl. all precedence in honor. "to restore to him what is his. ceived a profusion of divers kind of Then they conversed together. he lost his possessions. unless death quickly takes me hence." Geraint. And they re- And they were served abundantly.Geraint the Son of Erbin. to visit And ! the young earl invited Geraint him next day. And by that . Ynywl beyond him ." let him come forward." he. and they gifts. on the spot. " That I will do gladly for thee. " whosoevef here who owes it homage to Ynywl. for me. "it is not by • my fault that Earl Ynywl without his possessions." said Geraint. and perform all And the men did so. to gladly abide by thy right what thou mayest judge between us. and on the other side of Geraint were the maiden and her mother." said Geraint." "Oh. "with regard to the disagreeI will ment between me and Ynywl. of by Heaven I " To the court Arthur will go with maiden to-morrow. as long as Earl Ynywl is in poverty and and I go chiefly to seek to add to his main- tenance. And it is enough troiible . sat according to their ate." "T but ask thee. And after these.

is and spoke to him. And Arthur by any other. "behold. to Geraint. And he left all the other dogs at behind him. and the scholars none with her save only one maiden. all And his castle." "She of go with me." said Geraint. came towards the hunting-party upon him." said he. turn. and his town. . And the last dog that was I let loose was the favorite dog of Arthur. I bestow her upon thee. Cavall was his name. set And before he could be slain Arthur cut off his head. and the dogs were let loose upon the stag. yonder " ' Gwenhwyvar." Command Gildas the son of Caw.treaty they abided. "Chieftain. all Then they sounded gathered round. far concerning Geraint. and they Then came Kadyriaith to Arthur. the stag And the second of Arthur. Now." pose of her as they And So the next day they pro- ceeded to Arthur's court." said " behold the maiden for : whom thou didst challenge at the tournament shall . and all We have already become acquainted with CaVall at the hunting of the great boar in " Kilhwch and Olwen. and turned the stag. this is how Arthur hunted the stag. the death-horn for slaying.28o The Boy's Mabinogion." . even to the smallest Then spoke Earl Ynywl he. The men and the dogs were divided into hunting-parties. that he had lost. and his possessions. And he received back jewel. all were restored to Ynywl. "to the court shall dis- Arthur and Arthur and Gwenhwyvar they will. "Lord.

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"to attend 281 to Gwenhwyvar the palace. not "I know who they are. And after mid-day they beheld an unshapely little man upon dame a horse." said Arthur. to whom it should be One wished that it should be given to the lady best beloved by him. as they supposed." said Arthur." said he. of the court. holding converse together concerning the head of the stag. one of the of watch went to Gwenhwyvar. this my counsel concerning the stag's head let it not be given away until Geraint the son of Erbin shall return from the errand he is upon. disputed sharply concerning the And with that they came to the palace. Then they given. "Right gladly it shall it be so. bowed down. a or a damsel. " : My lord.Gwenhwyvar caused a watch to be set upon the ramparts for Geraint's coming. and after her a knight of large stature. in broken and worth- And before they came near to the gate." And all they did set so. and hanging his head low and sorrowfully. and clad less armor. is Gwenhwyvar said to Arthur. And thus was settled. and told her what kind people they saw. And the next day . knights.Geraint the Son of Erbin. also on horseback. and what aspect they bore." And Gwenhwyvar told Arthur what that errand was. forth. and another to the lady whom he loved best. And all they of the household. and the head. And when Arthur and Gwenhwyvar heard them disputing about the head of the stag. and after him. .

hwyvar." said Gwenhwyvar. " at the gate I where Gwenhwyvar was. even though he was accompa- nied by the churlish dwarf. And Geraint greets thee well to and in greeting thee he compelled me come hither to do thy pleasure for the insult which thy maiden received from the dwarf." said he. " Geraint the son of Erbin." said he. and he entered. ! Lady. And Gwenhwyvar was sorry when she saw the condition he was in. greets thee. "and fault." Knowest thou his name " said she. here by his own free will but Geraint has overtaken him. He forgives the insult ." And there ful is is thereupon behold a porter came to the spot " Lady." "He tells me that he is Edeyrn the Then she replied. a knight." So Gwenhwyvar went to the gate to meet him.282 The Boy's Mabinogion. and saw never a man of so piti- an aspect to look upon as he. he. but mine. and was not.' own color. I "But know. son of Nudd. was not to my advantage. "I do. and avenged the insult to the maiden to the uttermost. lady. . his . : "This is the knight whom Geraint pursued and methinks that he comes not . it "Yes. thy best and most valiant servant. " " Then Edeyrn saluted GwenHeaven protect thee " said she." " Did he meet thee ? " she asked. " I know him not." said he." said that. Miserable and broken is the armor that he wears it and the hue of blood more conspicuous upon " than its .

hoary -headed man. "when thinkest thou that Geraint will be here . I think he will be here with the Then Arthur came to him ." "Sir. . lady." said she. and contending is for the sparrow-hawk. where did he overtake thee the place where . as thou seest. an aged. And he imposed on me a condition manly and honorable and justice. we were jousting." lady. thinking that he knev/ him.? inquired of him.? "To-morrow. he Art thou Edeyrn the son of Nudd said he. that And was avouchment of the love of maiden that Geraint jousted tournament . and a years. trouble." "and I have met with much and received wounds insupportable. lady. maiden. . and he saluted Arthur. left And thereupon we encountered and he me. And Arthur gazed a long time upon him." warrior-like." all Then he Arthur his adventure. for the sparrow-hawk at the for he said that that maiden was better entitled to the sparrow-hawk than this maiden who each was with other. and was amazed to see him thus. which was to do thee " Now. me. sons of a mean and a. told lord. 283 to himself in consideration of his having put of me in peril my life. " "I am.'' "At Cardiff. in the town which now called And there were none with him save three pertattered condition. And. And these were woman advanced in in worn-out and fair it young maiden clad for the gar- ments." " " Ge7'aint the Son of Erbin.

to order the maiden 1 "To Gwenhwyvar and her handmaidens." said she. " Let this man haye live. And the steward of the household so ordered her." said Arthur. "from what hear. And Arthur caused Morgan Tud to be called to him. . and but thyself let none into his chamber to to molest him. of Nudd. he shall do such satisfaction as shall . he live. lord. Thus far concerning them. medical care until if be known whether he may And. and many others with them. be judged best by the sureties to that effect. I were wounded. it behooves Gwenhwyvar I to be merciful towards thee." Gwenhwyvar. lord. of Gwallawg the son Llenawg." "I will do so gladly." said Arthur." desirest." insult should be offered to it me it " Thus will be best to do. " Whither is it right. and Caradawc the son of Llyr. the chief physician. and Owain the son of Nudd. Then said the steward of the household." 284 The Boy's Mabinogion. And Arthur became surety for Edeyrn. " He was Take with thee Edeyrn the son to be prepared for him. "will "The mercy which thou grant to him. since it is as insulting to thee that an as to thyself. I "Well." men said of the court and take thou "This pleases me. and Gwalchmai." said Morgan Tud. and cause a chamber and let him have the if aid of medicine as thou wOuldest do unto myself." said he. and thy disciples administer to him remedies. lord.

that me to have retribution. "and to come joy. where Gwenhwyvar was. He is on horseback. I Lady. and the maiden with him.Geraint the Son of Erbin. And Gwenhwyvar went to meet And when Geraint came to was." said "I earnestly desired . seem- upon him." said whom it is thou hadst thy revenge. "the welcome fitting that in. to the place And one of the watch " came he. and the maiden appears ing to be clad in a garment of linen. "Heaven protect thee. " Heaven prosper thee. but he has his walking-gear to be in white. - Gwenhwyvar he saluted her. And Geraint came to where Arthur was. and resistless." said she. 285 ." said Gwenhwyvar. here the maiden through "Verily. The next day came Geraint towards lest the court and there was a watch set on the ramparts by Gwenhwyvar." ! and we should receive her Then they went and disipounted. he should arrive unawares." said Arthur." . and saluted him. proudly caused And Heaven reward thee. thou hast had a prosperous career." to meet Geraint." said "methinks that see Geraint. And thy career has been successful. to obtain thee is satisfaction according to thy will and behold. and fortunate." "Assemble all the women. welcome him." of Gwenhwyvar. and glorious. " and welcome to thee. Heaven be unto her joyfully. and wish him Geraint and the the place where maiden. thou hast so "Lady. "and the welcome And since Edeyrn the son of of Heaven be unto thee Nudd has received his overthrow and wounds from thy ! hands." he.

all his companions. and . And the next day Arthur satisfied the claimants upon Geraint with bountiful in the palace . that . were glad all. and there was no maiden more esteemed than she in the Island of Britain. and his whole court. and thus arrayed. gifts." head of the should not be given to any until Geraint's. " where is the maiden for whom I heard thou didst give challenge " ? "She is gone with Gwenhwyvar to her chamber. concerning the maiden. " It was through the arrogance of Edeyrn the son of Nudd himself I we were knew who he that I would not quit him until was.return and behold. I it judge. they had never And Arthur gave away the made between two persons was made between Geraint and the maiden and the choicest of all Gwenhwyvar's apparel was given the usual bond to the maiden to Geraint. said she. to her beauty. the maiden took up her abode and she had many companions. be given to here is a fit occasion for bestowing it. and until the one had vanquished the other. And from that time she became his bride." Then went Arthur to see the maiden. maiden .286 " The Boy's Mabinogion. both men And and women. Let it . ! " said Geraint. And certain were they that." " Now. she appeared comely and graceful to all who beheld all her." said Arthur. had her array been suitable seen a maid fairer than she. Then spake Gwenhwyvar. And . Not upon me be the blame not friends. " concerning the "Rightly did stag. And Arthur.

" from Cornwall and we are ambassadors from Erbin the son of uncle. knowing grow insolent towards him. And Geraint from that time forth loved the stag. and a third. thy and our mission is unto thee. And a year. We come. in years." all. ! " and the welcome " ? of Heaven be unto you " And whence do you come . And he greets thee well. Ynywl. Heaven prosper you. Custennin. and covet his land and possessions. lord. ." said Arthur." said they. And the neighboring chiefs. and a second. at Whitsuntide. Enid the daughter of 287 maiden. her . and as a vassal should greet his lord. he represents unto thee that he waxes heavy and and is advancing this. and eloquent of speech. the most will illustrious it And I do not believe that any begrudge for between her and every one here there love and friendship. to permit Geraint his . exists nothing but this Much applauded was and by Arthur also. And feeble.behold. as an uncle should greet his nephew. and hard encounters victorious from and he came them all. he proceeded thus. and her friends thenceforward became more in number than before. And. lord.Geraint the Son of Erbin. by them the stag was given to Enid and thereupon her fame increased. and the tournament. until his fame had flown over the face of the kingdom. And the head of . wise and prudent. " knowl- edge. And once upon a time Arthur was holding his court at Caerlleon-upon-Usk. there full of came to him ambassadors. And he earnestly beseeches thee. and they saluted Arthur.

it is my counsel that thou go to dwell in thine . and before you go forth hence. and refresh yourselves after your fatigues . " go and divest yourselves of your accoutrements." " Behold. seeing that his father was unable to do so." " Well. her women. No all less was the grief all and regret of Gwenhwyvar. and that day ing." said Arthur. lord. and take food. this I will do according to thywill concerning embassy. " be it to my advantage or dis- advantage.288 The Boy's Mabinogion." And they went to eat. in tournaments. " Truly. son to return to him to protect his possessions. for And unto him were better him to spend the flower of his youth and the prime of his age in preserv- ing his own boundaries than profit. through fear that the maiden would leave them." said Arthur. which are productive of no although he obtains glory in them. And and that night were spent in abundance of feast- And Arthur showed and of the coming Geraint the cause of the mis- of the ambassadors to him out of Cornwall. and to become acquainted with he represents that it his boundaries. you shall have an answer. sion. " though it grieves me to part with thee. And Arthur considered that it would go hard with him and from cousin his court ." said Geraint. to let Geraint depart it from him neither did he think fair that his should be restrained from going to protect his dominions and his boundaries. and her damsels.

" ! Heaven reward thee discourse. and Nawof Gwynn the son Tringad. Gwyr Alun a judge in the court of Arthur. and Riogonedd the son and Ondyaw the son of the the of King of Ireland. Hadwry the son of Gwryon. Bedwyr the son of Bedrawd. "do I hear between you to his country Is " ? it of those who are to conduct Geraint " It is. 289 and to take own dominions. the sxjn of Emyr of of Brittany. Elivry. of and many went with him. Gwrei Gwalstawd leithoedd. and to defend thy boundaries. Kai the son . "What said Gwenhwyvar. " conis cerning companions and a provision for the lady that with " me . " Then it is needful for me to consider. of Dyvyr the son of Dyved." said Arthur. and among and among thy companions in arms. And And the next day the ambassadors were permitted to depart. Garannaw Golithmer. and they were told that Geraint should follow them. with thee to accompany thee as those thou lovest best thy friends. Gweir Gwrhyd Vawr. Gwilim the son of the ruler of the Franks. ^Gwynnllogell. on the third day Geraint set forth. Howel kyrd. " many as thou wilt of among my faithful ones. Goreu the son Custennin. And that night they went to sleep.' And this will I do." said Geraint." said she." said Arthur." ." Geraint the Son of Erbin.' Thou wilt do well. Duke Burgundy. the son of Peredur the son of Evrawc. Gwalchof mai the son Gwyar.

although he is well." " Yes. And many . of' Geraint. and of the greatness of the fame which he had gained since he went from amongst them. for enough insult of pain and affliction has he suffered for the which the maiden received from the dwarf. came to ceive Enid the daughter of Ynywl. concerning Ge- because of the greatness of their love towards him. and they set forth and never fairer host journeying towards the Sev- And on the other side of the Severn were the nobles Erbin the son of Custennin. to welcome Geraint with gladness of the court. " since it seems well to thee and to Geraint. raint. lord. and throughout all the country. and to preserve ." " If she please. and Edeyrn the son of Nudd. there were who accompanied was there seen a ern. and because he was come to take possession of his dominions." Then she permitted Edeyrn freely to depart. until peace be made between him and Gwenhwyvar. and many re- of the-women with his mother. the steward of Arthur's court." said Gwenhwyvar. Kynyr. she can let him go without sureties . " but it will not be fitting for thee Edeyrn with thee. Said Geraint. I will do this gladly. and his foster-father at their head.290 of The Boy's Mabinogion. Odyar the Frank. "I think that I shall have enough of knighthood with me. ." to go with me." said Arthur to take shall . if " Gwenhwyvar can permit him he give sureties." " Truly. his wife. And there was great rejoicing and gladness throughout the whole court.

And Kadyrieith came to them to know what were their requests. ser- and a variety of minstrelsy all And to do honor to Geraint. And they were not ." . and immediately the Cornwall came and gave also. and that night in the utmost enjoyment. " jects. And he said I to Geraint. And men every one asked that which he desired. the chief invited that night to visit him. " I am a feeble and aged man." " Truly. whilst for was able I to maintain the dominion thee and for myself. and a multitude of gifts. in the flower of did so." So all that had boons to ask were summoned into one place." Then those said It were better for thee to satisf)' who have boons to ask to-day." said Erbin this " and day also shalt thou receive the homage of thy subGwalchmai. men of the country were And they passed that day arose. and to-morrow thou canst receive the homage of thy dominions. vice. and the noble persons who had borne him company. and. : and thy vigor and of thy youth hence- forth do thou preserve thy possessions. and abundance of liquor. " Into thy hands will I give them. And the fol- lowers of Arthur began to of make gifts. his boundaries. " with my consent thou shalt not give the power over thy dominions at this time into my hands." said Geraint. But thou art young.Geraint the Son of Erbin. And at dawn next day Erbin and summoned to him Geraint. 291 And they came to the court. And in the court they had ample entertainment. and thou shalt not take me from Arthur's court. and a sufficiency of and of games.

" said he . Then Ondyaw the son Geraint. me. as far as Diganhwy there they parted. Erbin desired Geraint to send messengers to the displeasing to men to ask them whether it was them that he should come to receive their homage. and Enid also. and Geraint went bear them company. and see well to the boundaries of thy tories . the followers of Arthur intended go away. long in giving. and visit the uttermost parts of terri- thy dominions. And the next day. And they to all said that would be the fulness of joy and honor them for Geraint to come and of such receive their homage. and. and whether they had any thing to object to him. who have agreed until come to so. so eager was every one to bestow And of those who came to ask gifts none departed unsatwere spent in the isfied. thou hast any trouble respecting them. Then Geraint to ask sent ambassadors to the men it of Cornwall them this. as So he received the homage were night. send unto thy companions. " stay with me have finished receiving the homage of to my they set to : chief men. at dawn. of the Duke of Burgundy said to "Go if first of all." " Heaven reward thee ! " said Geraint. " And this will I . And that day and that night utmost enjoyment." And remained with him he had done Then they forth towards the court of Arthur . gifts.2g2 The Boy's Mabinogion. And they remained with him till the third And the day after. to there. " It is too soon for you to go until I away yet.

went with him. was thus. with the best horses and the best arms. And for a long time he abode at home. And the furthermost point of. And these tidings came to Erbin. and his nobles. as he had been used to do when he was at Arthur's he frequented tournaments. together with his hunting and his amuse- ments. court. ! and to forsake his people " Not I. he began and pleasure. he spoke unto Enid. until he had gained as much fame there as he had formerly done elsewhere. his And he loved his and liked to continue in the palace. and his companions. And he enriched his court. and with the best and most valuable jewels his . And he became ac- quainted with valiant and mighty men. And experienced guides." 293 And Geraint journeyed to the uttermost part of his dominions. that they showed him he kept possession And. and Jie ceased not until fame had flown over the face he knew that for there it of the whole kingdom. and inquired of her whether to act thus. it was she that had caused Geraint and his hosts. and the chief men of his country. And there was murmuring and scoffing concerning him among the inhabitants of the palace. And he took no delight in any thing besides. insomuch that he gave up the friendship of his nobles. with minstrelsy and diversions. And when Erbin had heard these things. by my confession unto Heaven " said she. was no one who was worth wife. and lost the hearts of all the host in his court.Geraint the Son of Erbin. do. to love ease And when opposing. . on account of his re- linquishing so completely their companionship for the love of his wife.

for. Enid was without sleep in the apartment which had windows of glass. although it was hard for her to own this to Geraint. And she was very sorrowful. and make them ready. and that was the idea she loved some other was not it in think- ing of him that she spo'ke thus. she gazed upon the marvellous beauty of his appearance. but that was because man more than him. " Alas have ! and am I the cause that these arms this breast lost their glory and the warlike fame . and cause thy horse to be accoutred. And the clothes and he was had slipped from off his arms and his breast.294 " T^^ Boy's Mabinogion. quickly. and she and said. yet was it not more easy for her to listen to what she heard. and he called his squire. and they upon his breast." said he And when he came to him. And evil betide me. and the words she had spoken. Enid. " And as she said fell the tears dropped from her eyes." said I "if thou returnest here until thou knowest whether have lost my strength so completely as thou didst say . And another thing contributed to that it awaken him. — And do thou arise." And she knew not what she should do. he. without warning Ge- raint concerning it. asleep. and clothe thee in the worst riding-dress that thou hast in thy possession. And Then the sun shone upon the couch.? which they once so richly enjoyed this. " Go "and prepare my horse and my arms. And thereupon Geraint was troubled in his mind. awoke him. And the tears she shed. And one morning in the summer time." said he to "and apparel thyself. is There nothing more hateful to me than this.

Then Geraint went to see Erbin. heavy and And he desired Enid to mount her horse. and to ride forward. either. " } And who proceed with thee." said he. until "Sir. and I am not come back. " And whatever thou mayest and whatever thou mayest hear concerning me." said he. arose. shin- may many attach themselves to thee in Lloegyr Then went Geraint to the place where his horse ! and ing. my return. it will then be easy for thee to seek the society thou didst wish for of him of whom thou wast thinking. And he did not choose the pleasantest and most frequented road." ." in her meanest gar" of "I know said she.Geraint the Son of Erbin. unless I And speak unto thee." And they set forward. "do thou not turn back. . "I certain when I may Take heed." " Neither wilt thou know at this time. am going upon a quest. lord. see. therefore. was the wildest. and to keep a long way before him. 295 And if it be so. since thou art not strong enough to traverse the land of Lloegyr alone " But one person only will go with me. thy meaning." said he " but it is strange to will me that thou shouldest go so suddenly." said he. and clothed herself nothing. my " " And was. " I"will do so. ! " Heaven counsel thee. it was equipped with foreign armor. unto thy possessions. say not thou one word." son " said Erbin." So she ments. but that which and most beset by thieves and robbers.

"to hold thy peace as wish but for silence. I said he. a good occasion for us to .296 The Boy's Mabinogion. yet do feel no Then But he the foremost of them couched his lance. the thrust go by him. yet speak to him. " I The vengeance of of knew not what who had told her Heaven be upon me. here is to the others. . one of them said " Behold. and rushed upon Geraint. and she she should do through fear of Geraint. and venomous animals. who hangs his head so pensively and heavily." she said." said she. have the misery to witness his death." So she waited thee Geraint until he came near to her. capture two horses and armor. men concerning at " Then he lifted up "Thou hadst only. let And he received him. heard this discourse. and not for warning. When the horsemen had beheld them. and that not feebly. which they followed till they saw a vast forest and they went towards it. shouldest desire to see And though thou my death by the dread." my defeat and I hands of those men." bade thee. and a lady likewise this for we shall have no difficulty in doing against yonder single knight. I and looked her angrily. And they came to a high road." And Enid to be silent. . "if his would not rather receive my ! death from hand than from the hand will I any other And lest I though should for he should slay me. while he struck the . and they saw four armed horsemen come forth from the forest. didst thou hear the " Lord.' words of those his eyes.

and took the arms of the men he had and slain. And I declare unto Heaven. he mounted his horse again." said he. being wroth at the death of his companion. and so the shaft of Geraint's length of passed through his body. and killed him as he had done the killed Then the manner. do. Then the second horseman attacked him furiously. to thy desire." Then they went forward through the forest and when they left the forest. and proceed forward. as far as I can. both they and their horses. horseman upon the centre that his shield that a cubit's of his shield in such a 297 manner lance was split. And thus also he slew the fourth. third set upon him. it will " if thou doest not thus. and his armor broken. Then the maiden looked steadfastly upon them . . and placed them upon their and " Behold. be to thy cost.Geraint the Son of Erbin. lord. what thou saddles. and sorrowful was the maiden as she saw all Geraint dismounted from his horse. tied together the reins of their horses. But with one thrust Geraint overthrew him other. must "take the four horses. in like also. and to- from out thereof they beheld three horsemen coming wards them." said he. as bade thee just I now. they came to a vast plain. and sent him to the earth the length of the lance over his horse's crupper. and he him Sad this. unless speak unto thee. of which was a group of thickly tangled copse-wood . and drive them I before thee. first And say not one word unto me. well equipped with armor. in the centre ." "according "I will do." said she.

she heard them say one another." he answered. that they easily obtain all this spoil. We shall easily obtain them. it at him which he thought would be very received it But Geraint . and from the shock of man and horse the quantity of his of the lance armor did not avail him.' "What was " it. And he made a thrust effective. "I feared lest they should surprise thee unawares.'' peace. and struck aside and then he rushed upon him. then!" said he. to and when they had come near." said she.''" asked he. " dost thou not hear the discourse of yonder men concerning thee ." said she." "Hold thy silence ." said she to herself. " Lord." " 298 The Boy's Mabinogion. and the maiden " This is also will fall into our power." "My lord. " Behold. " for my husof band is tired with his will former combat. and aimed at the centre of his person. The vengeance of this. here is a good arrival for us : here are coming for us four horses and four suits of armor. my counsel. carelessly." "I declare and abide by to Heaven. and the head and . and attacked Geraint. will They say to one another. "Do not I desire And thereupon one of the horsemen couched his lance." but too true." Heaven be upon me unless I warn him So the maiden waited until Geraint came up to her. spite of yonder dolorous knight. "that their words are less grievous to me than that thou wilt not be silent.

" that : I desire nought but silence " therefore hold thy peace. part of the shaft passed through him." said he. and commanded the maiden to drive forward the " It is no more use do for speak to thee than to refrain advice. lord. Then Geraint dismounted. looking at all this and on the one hand she was trouble lest Geraint should be wounded in his encounter with the men. lord. and they could see neither end nor boundary to the wood." said for thou wilt not attend to my am " I I will so. as far as I she . and on the other hand she was joyful to see him victorious. And both the other horsemen came but their onset was not more success- than that of their companion." I will. Geraint the Son of Erbin. and they . except on that side that was nearest to them.. and he fas- tened the reins of the horses together. so that he had seven horses with him. from such strange people as those that haunt this wilderness. . so that he ried to the 299 was car- ground an arm and a spear's length over the crupper of his horse. at a great distance from them they beheld a wood. And me to he mounted his own horse. and she pursued her straight onwards. way And from the copse-wood already men- tioned they journeyed over a vast and dreary open plain. "but cannot conceal from thee the fierce and_ threatening I words which " may hear against thee. And the maiden stood in by. And. others." And the maiden went on with the horses before her. while I can. and bound all the three suits of armor upon the three saddles."' I declare to Heaven. forward in their turn ful ." able. lord.

they drew near to And when shall obtain them. Then there came from out the wood five horsemen. " Thee do but it I hear doing every thing that I forbade thee . may be that thou wilt repent this yet. and large of bone. she determined to warn Geraint so she turned her horse's head towards him. knew not in the world what she should At last. mounted upon chargers that were powerful. the men met them . and proudly snorting. thy heaviness would be greater it is. he placed the armor upon the five saddles." And And them good immediately. said she. not. I "what charge for me to order thee but this time thee in an especial manner. which labor. and the lady also. and he said. keeping ." said he. behold. eager and bold. " if "Lord. here is a fine booty coming to us." thou hadst heard as I did what yonder horse- men than said concerning thee. and both the men and the horses were well equipped with arms. and gave "I know . for we easily and without all we shall have no trouble in taking those horses and arms. from yonder single knight so doleful and sad. and vic- toriously and gallantly did Geraint overcome them five suits of all five. and tied together the reins in charge to Enid. The Boy's Mabinogion." So the maiden went forward towards the wood. it is of the twelve horses. Enid heard them say. and mighty and strong.: 300 went towards it." Angrily and bitterly did Geraint smile upon her. " Behold. so that she do." Sorely grieved was the maiden upon hearing this discourse. and high mettled. however.

and sleep not. and to rest. and wait for the day." he answered. he took her down from her from sleep." But he spake nothing to her about fatigue. which was not long that season. And when she saw the dawn of day appear. as he had desired her grieved him as much as his wrath would permit to see a maiden so illustrious as she having so much trouble with Then they reached the wood." said he. . lord. maiden. and there- upon he woke. therefore. " Then he ride arose. "Ah.horses. will we gladly. . proceeding forward ! "Well. her. and it was both deep and vast and in the wood night overtook them. "it is vain to attempt the care of the horses." "That horse." said she. as thou didst yesterday. " to turn out of the wood. cannot by any means " refrain through weariness. if she looked around her to see he were waking. And they did so." And early in the day they left the wood. "whatsoever thou wishest." said she." said he. ." Geraiiit the in Son of Erbin. and they came . Having dismounted " I himself. and said unto Take the horses and on ." said she." Do thou. and keep straight on before thee. "My some lord. 301 and it advance of Geraint. in order to pursue our journey." she said. Then he went to sleep in his at armor and thus passed the night." " It will be best for us. "I have desired to awake thee for time. lord. we will do. as he had desired her to be silent. the. watch " I will.

" he replied. and a bowl on the mouth " said Geraint. pitcher.-' thee ! "And whence " I come." said the youth. with ers mowing the meadows." said the youth. And thou they shall have none of " it. but they knew not what was. is breakfast which sent for yonder mowers if . And Heaven reward thee for ! it . " from the city that lies before thee. and mow- an open country. "Wilt thou follow take thy meal from " " my ? . and there they met a slender stripling." " last warrant." No. My " " " lord. ing less than bread and meat and wine. Through yonder wood did I come. And there was a river before them. And they went up out of the river by a lofty steep . sir. "Heaven prosper dost thou come ." said he." " No. by my faith ! " said he. and the horses bent down." " I will. with a satchel about his neck. "will it 1 be displeasing to thee if I ask whence thou comest also By no means." said he. the And the youth saluted Geraint. and they saw that there was something in the it satchel." " " " 302 to The Boy's Mabinogion. "and me What The sort of meal " he inquired. and drank the water. and that thou hadst neither meat nor drink. " that thy condition there night was not the most pleasant.' counsel." he added. And he had a small blue of pitcher in his hand. I " We were in the wood last night. meadows on one hand." Thou camest not through the wood to-day. nothwilt.

and took them withal. lord ! " said the youth. So Geraint off 303 alighted. and the most pleasant lodgings that he knew and after that he went to the palace." said Geraint. " I go now. in which was plenty straw. lord. and to conduct him to his lodging. " and right joyfully shall he be received here." And to the town went the youth. And of he had a and goodly chamber. Geraint the Son of Erbin. and he took the best . and told him that earl in his he would be received gladly by the but he would go only own palace to his lodgings. and said My lord." Go first to the town. And the youth cut the bread in slices. I will now go and fetch some food " for the mowers." " Go gladly. and served And when to Geraint." said he. Then they washed." And the youth went to meet Geraint. and proceeded to the place where the earl was. . her horse. and gave them drink. " to meet the young man. the youth arose. " And this would be ample to repay services much greater than those I have rendered unto thee. and the youth took the maiden from their repast. having the horse and armor with him. he so come." said the earl if . and told him all his adventure." Heaven reward thee. most commodious one thy service and thy " the and take thou whichever horse and arms thou choosest in payment for gift. and the horses.. with thy permission. " they had finished. "and take a lodg- ing for me in the best place that for thou knowest.

" and come here again when I require thee." said Geraint. sleep. taken thy meal ? O chieftain " he said. "hast thou " I have." said he. I go to see the earl. "to wait on him in the evening. "Go. "as thou sayest. . will " And whilst thou sleepest." said the youth. and inquired if he would not drink something before he met " the earl." he said. and brought them And they drank. and a spacious and for the horses of provender. Geraint spoke thus to Enid: "Go." And Geraint went to sleep." " I will do." answered the "and greet him well from . he. and the youth prepared for them plenty And after they had disarrayed themselves. and so did Enid also. ! and welcomed him." earl. " I into the town. So the youth went drink. and thou if mayest call to thee the woman of the house. and come not to this side of the house . And and the the youth earl came to the place where the earl was. and he told him." 304 The Boy's Mabinogion. commodious place he had drapery. asked him where the lodgings of the knight were. "I must go. must needs " Well." said she. lord." " Go gladly." said the youth." said he. Truly I will." said "to the other side of the chamber. Then the youth spoke to him. thou wilt." And thereupon the man " of the house came to Geraint.

" said the youth. " but to seek adventures. and inquired of him the object of his journey. " sat Heaven preserve thee ! " said the Earl. at " Bring them hither. behold the earl came to and his twelve honorable knights with him. And she told not then to Geraint any of the conversation which she had had with the earl. for them And they arose and went their food. and took his leave. lest it should rouse his anger. to awake. visit Geraint. And Geraint rose up and welcomed him. and to follow my own inclination. and he said that there were. upon. maiden more comely than So he arose. And the youth served them. and he looked her steadfastly. and feasted them Geraint's expense. Then they all down according to their precedence in honor. and him.Geraint the Son of Erbin. " I have none. ." " This will I 305 go to see tell him that in the evening I will do. So he came when. fairer or And he thought he had never seen a her. and cause him uneasiness and care." Then at the earl cast his eye upon Enid. and entertain them my cost with the best thou canst buy in the town." he replied. it was time forth. man of the And to Geraint inquired of the house whether there were any of his companions that he wished to invite him. And the earl conversed with Geraint." And the man of the house brought there those at whom There- he chose. they took And when it was time for them to take it. and went forth with his attendants. me.

And so. and placed it and midnight all Geraint's armor together. ." Then she went. " thou wilt be the richer. little . And at at the beginning of the night Enid slept a she arose." 3o6 The Boy's Mabinogion. " I think thou owest but little." " And which direction dost wish to leave the town by a different way from that by which I entered it." thee. although he was wroth with and clothed himself. lord ! Heaven reward " said he. " Dost thou know how much I owe thee }" asked Geraint. " My lord. might be ready to put And although fearful of her errand. ? And now " I will come to guide me in out of the town gladly." said he. " of the and desire the man house to come here. at the usual And hour they went to sleep. and clothe thyself to me. and she spoke to him softly and gently." wilt thou said he." said he. so that on. thou intend to go " ." For that reason. " But I spent not the value of one suit of armor " upon thee. Then he bade the . arise. might have light to do her. And. she came to the side of Geraint's bed ." of the earl and his intention concerning So she told Geraint [that the earl was coming with a troop of followers on the morrow to take her away by force]." So the man of the lodgings I " accompanied him as far as he desired. saying. and the man of the house came to him." "Take " the eleven horses and the eleven suits of armor. that he " Leave there the candle. she lighted a candle. he took warning. for these were the words me.

yonder man hastening and many others with him ." " Wherefore. except that he went along the high road. thou didst not command me to do so. go on before him. coming nearer and nearer coming after them." she said to him.-• What way dost thou think that he took " I know not. " he went hence some time ago. " didst thou let him go without informing " me " ? My I lord. behold. she. And he he had only just reached his house." said he. " By thy hand. And when looked out. " By my faith ! " said though he should slay me. with the Earl Dwrm at their head. it were better for me to receive my death at his hands than to see him killed with. and seeing the tracks of the horses upon the high road." . and she thought that his host was the and And thereupon she beheld a " knight appearing through the mist. ? "Where is the knight that was here " said the earl. and his host returned home. he saw fourseore knights in complete armor around the house. when.? . else would " not :have allowed him to depart. she looked behind her. and saw vast clouds of dust to her." said he. fol- And when the maiden beheld the dawning of the day." " Geraint the Son of Erbin. And it thereupon she earl became uneasy. " seest thou after thee. the greatest tumult approached that was ever heard. villain. — My lord. out warning him. maiden to 307 so. And she did and went straight forward." And they turned their horses' heads that way. they lowed.

" Mercy. ground. and grievously painful. and was in peril of his And near to him .3o8 " I The Boy's Mabinogion. and the high road led to the . earl. they attacked him one after the other. so that by that single thrust the shield was split. and desperately wounding. and with the thrust he threw him down under one of them his horse's feet. and all his armor broken. But through the fallen. But Geraint turned upon him." first Then he turned upon the knight. last of all the earl except the also. which was the fairest ever seen. and struck him with lance upon the centre of his shield. from the hand And Geraint journeyed along the high road that was first . And Geraint granted him mercy." said he . I see that thou wilt never keep silence. And came against him his And he broke his lance. and crupper to the Geraint drew he himself was brought over his horse's life. and then he broke a second. And as long as there remained one of the fourscore knights. and there was a bridge over the river. there was not a single knight amongst them that escaped without receiving a fall mortally severe. " and. and which had a large river running throtfgh it . of Geraint. he overthrew every at the first onset. lord ! " said he to Geraint. hardness of the ground where they had and the violence of the stroke which they had received. before him. and at the noise of the trampling of his horse the earl revived. all And from the weakest to the strongest. do see him. in despite of all my orders. and the maiden went on and near them they beheld a valley.

" who " . spirited. And as they approached the bridge. " beneath the town " ." said Geraint. bridge. he beheld a knight following him upon . the fairest ever seen. 309 And above the bridge. knight!" "whence comest thou I come. even of pace." Geraint the Son of Erbin." said he. nevertheless. but the Cymry him the Little King." declare to Heaven.? is the owner of this fair valley and yonder walled town "I he is will tell thee willingly." "Can I go by yonder bridge. because his custom to encounter every knight that comes upon his lands. "Ah." disgrace in reward for thy Then Geraint proceeded along the town ." said the knight." tell " Canst thou me." " If thou dost so. pursue my journey that way. "Gwiffert Petit call called by the Franks ." said he. " thou wilt proba- bly meet with shame and daring. unless thou dost intend to combat him " I .'' Thou it is canst not go by his tower on the other side of the bridge. was hard and rugged and high and And as he journeyed thus. Geraint saw coming towards him from a thick copse a man mounted upon a large and though " tractable. upon the opposite side of the river. the road that led to and the road brought him to a ground that ridgy. " that I will. "and by is the lower highway that Said the knight." said Geraint. ? lofty steed. and said Geraint. " from the valley below us." said Geraint. they beheld a fortified town.

would not go even to thy lord's court." " will By the hand of Arthur himself. " forbid to any. they gave each other such hard and all severe strokes. But was very difficult for Geraint to fight with .3IO The Boy's Mabinogion." I " Nay. to give will I not. that their shields lost it their color. whether it is through ignorance or through presumption that thou seekest to insult to infringe my dignity and my rules." answered Geraint. chieftain." knew not " this road was " to Thou That didst know it. threw the knight foot. him on And. And a squire of his came to serve him with lances as he broke them. headlong to the ground and then they fought on and they gave one another blows so boldly fierce. " I have satisfaction of thee. Come with me " I my " court. " Tell And both he and his horse were completely armed. account of his small size full for he was hardly able to get a aim at him with all the efforts he could make. me." said the knight. And he never saw a man of smaller stature than he who was upon the horse. me by satisfaction. When he had overtaken Geraint. they fought thus until their horses were brought down upon their knees. or receive ! my overthrow at thy hands " And And immediately they charged one another. so . excepting Arthur were thy lord." said the other. a war-horse strong and large and proudly-stepping and wide-hoofed and broad-chested." ! my faith " said Geraint. he said to him. And at length Geraint .

" said he. and engage never to to fight against me again. and he his strength. upon condition that thou wilt become my ally. all a blow so mortally it painful. " to my I court yonder. come with me. hast been neither courteous nor just." said he. and it grieved him to see one of her noble mien appear so afflicted. he lifted up his sword. that skin. King to the furthest end and he besought Geraint that he would have mercy and compassion upon him. " And now." " thou shalt have mercy. "Though thou said Geraint. and his and his flesh. cut through it his head armor." " This will I do gladly. but to come my assistance whenever thou hearest of my being in trouble. Then Gwiffert Petit beheld Enid where she stood. so and so penetrating. and swiftly resolute. called to light of their eyes last was At him the all Geraint became enraged. " My lord. not. so fierce. So he pledged him his faith thereof. and the darkened by sweat and blood. and struck him on the crown of his head violent." " That will . And boldly angry. to recover from thy weari- ness and fatigue. by Heaven " ! said he. and so 311 their severely powerful. until wounded the very bone. that helmets their were pierced. thou doest wrong not to take repose. and their skullcaps were broken. frequent. and refresh thyself . and the sword hand of the Little flew out of the of the plain. lord. and arms were shattered. lord. deeply And he said to Geraint.Geraint the Son of Erbin. and furiously determined.

" . and him what kind of man he had shield. Geraint's armor cleaved to his flesh. And when they came into the wood." 312 a while." will not be easy for thee to surmount But Geraint would do no other than proceed on ney. for. and the occasion of it was that Arthur and wood. and through the blood and sweat. his company had come down ing which to the And while Geraint was consider- espied by a foot-page. and all covered with And the maiden went on tliey and they proceeded towards the wood which saw before them. and go where I list. and a tumultuous noise. The Boy's Mabinogion. first. his jour- mounted his horse in pain. . he was who was an attendant on the stew. And the maiden stood under another And. and he blood. lo ! they heard the sound of horns.' seek adventures. ard of the household told way he should go to avoid them. thou here " I t "Ah. behold. he stood under a tree. knight " said he. Then the steward caused his horse to be saddled. and he went to the steward. "what dost am standing under a shady tree to avoid the heat of the sun. if thou meetest with any difficulty in thy it present condition. And the heat of the sun was very great. and he took his lance and his and went ! to the place where Geraint was. it. tree.' and who art thou " . seen in the wood." is and the rays " " Wherefore I thy journey . to avoid the sun's heat and his wounds pained him more than they had done at the time when he received them.

.Geraint and tHe Maiden at the Edge of the Wood.

.

and to seek the adven- tures of the world. by Heaven " ! Thou must needs come. thou wilt go and see this be true." said Kai." I care not if I do so. and mount" . and some is of thy armor. he saw in the . Then Geraint knew who he was but Kai did not know Geraint. And ." " Wilt thou tell me who is thou art ? or wilt thou " come and visit Arthur." said he.Geraint the Son of Erbin. and he struck him with the ment worse than and went back to shaft of his lance. and he mounted his horse. to his lodging. and came to the spot where Geraint was. that wood above a wounded and " if knight. 313 to see "Indeed!" Arthur. " Take. " I was told by one of the attendants. And Geraint be- came wroth. " Kai attacked Geraint as best he could." said Gwalchmai. " I journey for his spear and his shield. who " is said Kai.' " I will make no alliance with thee. this But chastise- would he not inflict on him. " wherefore is thy journey my own pleasure. And ! thence he proceeded Gwalchmai's " O sir " said he to Gwalchmai. " for I hear that he not over courteous to those who approach him. Scared and wildly Kai arose. nor will I go and ." said Kai ." That will I not." So Gwalchmai took " Sir knight. tent. so that he rolled headlong to the ground.' ed his horse. having on battered armor if thou dost right. thy horse. "Then come with me said Geraint. who near at hand . then. here hard by.

" said Gwalchmai. " I will not. so that the shaft was shiv- ered into splinters." And he charged him with his lance. and it that he would not go to visit him." said he. " thou that art here . Then Gwalchmai gazed him. So the page came to and told And he caused his tent be removed unto the side of the road." said he." 314 visit The Boy's Mabinogion. mood he him this. " Entreat Arthur. " till I know who thou art." Then he looked gla.' am not Geraint. " and a wretched and insane expedition is this." said Gwalchmai. Arthur." said he. inasmuch as he spoke in a whispei to the page. but Gwalchmai knew him " I purpose not to leave thee. by Heaven ! " he replied . " come thou and see Arthur he is thy lord and thy cousin. behold one of the pages to came to after Gwalchmai speak to him. And the maiden rejoiced in her heart." Thereupon. is in. And this he did without Geraint's knowledge. it was Gwalch- mai ." said he " for I am not in a fit state to go and see any one. "I ! fixedly upon him. : around. And he knew that not.dly. " to have his tent brought near to the road. So he sent him was apprise Arthur that Geraint was there wounded. and their horses were front to front. and that to see the plight that pitiable he was in. and struck him on his shield. for he will not meet willingly. and he welcomed her " Geraint. and beheld Enid." . . till And they Gwalchmai led Geraint onwards along the road." him and it is not easy to compel him in the to Arthur. " Geraint thou art. Geraint " said he. and he knew is it " Ah.

I declare to to Heaven ! " said he. " Thou canst not proceed now. Arthur. " and moreover he is does not go from here until he healed. lord. forth. var and all her women were joyful at her coming and they ." said Arthur. ! pages to take her from her horse." Geraint the Son of Erbin. And thereupon he caused one of the " Alas." said she." had rather. and saluted Arthur. " that thou wouldest me go " That will not." said Geraint. thou ? " said Arthur. " with thy permission we will depart. And Gwenhwy. " Lord." " Whither wilt thou go it ? " said Arthur. "what expedition " I is this 1 " said know not." said Arthur." Then came tect tbee ! Enid. " It will is Geraint. "But by me he " I let will." My lord." said Gwalchmai to " and of his own free would he not come meet thee. and the " ! pages were pitching his tent by the roadside. " Heaven Enid pro- " said he. unless " be unto thy death. " save that it behooves me " to journey by the same road that he journeys." said Geraint. Then he caused a maiden be sent for to conduct Enid to the tent where Gwenhwyvar's chamber was. " he bereft of his reason. 315 came to the place where Arthur was encamped." said Geraint. " " all ! hail unto thee art Heaven prosper thee And who ." He will not suffer himself to be invited by me." I lord." said Gwalchmai." is " Verily.

is true.3i6 took her. and ordered him a tent for Geraint pitch and the physicians ." So Arthur caused the and asked them if it physicians to be summoned to him. and to keep before him. were true." said Geraint. " and of this wailing." said he. whilst Geraint was being healed. and placed other garments upon to Arthur also called Kadyrieith. as she had formerly done. " It lord. lord. So the next day Arthur permitted him to go forth. but the physicians that were with thee. " I shall not believe thee concerning that. And she went forward along the high road. off The Boy's Mabinogion. her riding-dress. And Kadyrieith did as he had his disciples commanded him. fully recovered. and he all enjoined him to provide him with abundance of that might be requisite for him. And Geraint desired Enid to go on. And as they journeyed thus. Then he went forward unto an open glade that was near . heard an exceeding loud wailing near to them." said Morgan Tud. Geraint And when he and asked came to Arthur." I will " Stay thou is go and see what the cause " I will. and he pursued his jour- And on the same day Arthur removed thence." said she. I " know not if thou art quite well." " In truth I am. permission to depart. they ney. And Arthur was his hosts remained there nearly a month. here. And Morgan Tud and and his were brought to Geraint.

and a huge club was on the shoulder Then he rushed upon one of them. And. She was sad when he ordered her theless she do thus it but neverto hear. and the other a woman's saddle upon it." she replied. and his blood began to flow from him. the road. and overtook them. lady ! " said Geraint. his club so that he split his and crushed all his shoulder. And each of them was greater of stature than three other of each. Meanwhile Geraint followed the giants. there was a knight lying dead " in his armor. and gave him a blow on the crown and violent. befallen thee ." . Go. three giants came upon and without any cause " " in the world they slew him.' Ah. " what hath "Behold. and struck him with his shield. and a young damsel in a riding-dress standing over him. behold. whom was ruth and she felt certain that Geraint would never return. lo ! my us. and await me there to till I come. But the third turned . 3 1 And in the glade he saw two horses. And having drawn it forth again. when.'' Which way went they hence " said Geraint. upon him. lamenting." she answered. one hav- ing a man's saddle. Geraint drew his sword. he pierced another of them through likewise. and opened wounds But anew. that his of his head so severe and split fierce head and his neck were down to . " to the lady below yonder. "I journeyed here with beloved husband. went to the damsel. men. Yonder by the high road." ." 7 Geraint the Son of Erbin. " So he returned that is to Enid. and thrust his lance through his body." said he. and attacked the giant.

and he to Enid. So Geraint left him fell thus. and the host that jourher lamentations brought out of ! neyed with him. slain my beloved husband " ? also. whom . and the other knight went in pursuit of them. he down from his horse. cries And And she came and stood at the sound of her came the Earl of Limours. his blood flowing excessively. but he thought that there still remained some live. fell dead. life in Geraint . to see if he yet would he had him carried with him bier. lady what hath befallen thee " Ah. Geraint to the court and when they arrived was placed upon a litter-couch in front of the table that was in the hall. "Alas. and came back in the state thou seest.' said to the other. their road. and upon a . " And what the cause of "They have she. Then he thy grief ." " 3i8 his shoulders." The and earl caused the knight that was dead to be buried. and returned lifeless And when uttered. And the two damsels went there. he saw her. that Piercing and loud and thrilling was the cry Enid over him where he had fallen. or ever shall love. good ! " said she. " slew my best-beloved . The Boy's Mabinogion. Then they all took off their travelling-gear. in the hollow of his shield. not all." man is I have loved." she answered. But it appears to me that he did not leave the giants withif out killing some of them.' And sir the earl said to Enid. " the only is slain. and ." said " " And who was Some it that slew them giants.

a good earldom. "and it will cause thee to change thy " Evil betide me." she answered." said he." said he.Geraint the Son of Erbin. 319 the earl besought Enid to do the same." said she. by " Heaven he. " that I will not eat until the man that is upon yonder bier shall eat like- wise." until she answered. together with myself." "Come. So he took her and many times with him to the table. "that henceforth I never be joyful while then. "and eat." ." said she. Ah. " I call will. " I will act towards thee in such wise. I will I live." " No." he said. that thou needest not be sorrowful. and to clothe herself in other garments." said the earl. " I will not." "I shall declare to Heaven. whether yonder knight live I or die. by Heaven. Drink this goblet. by Heaven. Be therefore happy and joyful. " if I drink aught he drink also." " I will that. "Yonder prove that I can. not." " It were hard to persuade me to be otherwise. against her desired her to eat. Behold." "Thou canst not fulfil man is dead already." said she. will bestow on thee. " Then he mind. ! " said she. Heaven to witness. lady ! " said " be not so sorrowful for this matter." said she." offered her a goblet of liquor. " But. thou shalt.

And up this was not much through of the living as through the dread they felt at seeing the dead man rise to slay them. and took up Enid from the ground. and mounted him. Thereupon she raised a loud and cing shriek. and struck him a fiercely-wounding. And he rode for- And their road lay between two hedges. and. ? " Lady. until his all sword was stayed by the Then so left the board. " but know not where the other. to said he. And Geraint looked upon : Enid. " know was in the right. him in twain. for she considered that. so that he clove table. Enid had lost her color and her wonted aspect that she and the other." And he gave her pier- a box in the ear. finding his from his swoon. fear and fled away. earl. he durst not have struck her thus. "Truly." said the to "it is of no more avail for me be gentle with thee than ungentle. at the sound sat of her cry. ward. and he sword in the hollow up on the of his shield. Thy horse the house yonder. Geraint revived bier. And the . her mind. and he was grieved for two causes that one was to see ." she replied is in ." So he went to the house. and sternly-smiting blow upon the severely-venomous. and placed her upon the horse with him. But behold. where thy horse is is. and brought forth his horse. and her lamentations were much in greater than they had been before. he rushed to the place where the crown earl was. had Geraint been alive." knowest thou where our horses are lord. of his head. " I I know." 320 The Boy's Mabinogion.

assistance for I heard that thou wast in trouble.' " am the Little King." said Geraint." he answered. behold. saying. 321 And lo ! they saw behind sky." " Nothing can happen. and they went forward to the baron's palace." sel for King. which near here. and thou shalt have the best medical assistance in the kingdom. art. " coming to thy . " " I hear something following us." . And this. though much good results from counsel." " I will do so gladly. " is it Geraint 1 Yes. were received there with gladness." And thus he did. and they pitality met with hos- and attention. Geraint the Son of Erbin. none of these hardships would have befallen thee. And if thou hadst followed my advice. When Enid saw tain ! she cried out." said she. and I will put thee on the other side of the hedge." said he." said the Little "Yes." said Geraint. And Enid was And they placed upon the horse of one of the Little King's squires. " O chief- whoever thou what renown wilt thou gain by slaying a dead " " man ! " . And it the next morning they went to seek physicians. "and with is I know good coun- thee now. and couched his lance." O Heaven I " said he. " And who art thou " . Come me to the court of a son- in-law of my sister. in truth. them the shafts of spears betwixt them and the and they heard the trampling of horses and the noise of a host approaching. and was not long before they came . a knight pricked towards him. " without the will of Heaven. night was gaining on the day. thereupon.

until it was as good had ever been. " from an errand in the country. foot coming towards them along one of these roads and Gwiffert asked the man whence he " I came. " Now will we go my own court." first " Not so." answered he "for if thou goest by this one. come. " Do thou And early in the day they set forth. "that we will . and within are enchanted games ." gladly and my heart " said the Little King. thou wilt never return." . and they attended Geraint until he was perfectly And as it while Geraint was under medical care. and no one who has gone there the court of the Earl has ever returned." said he. " We will journey for one day more. they beheld a man on ." said he. road. well. armor to be repaired. And they came to the main And when they reached a place where the road divided in two." "I declare to Heaven. 322 The Boy's Mabinogion. the Little his King caused and a month." : " Tell me." said Geraint. and return again. And Owain is there. And more ! more joyfully did Enid journey with them that day than she had ever done. except he will go to his court." said Geraint follow of these two roads t " which is the best for me to " That is the best for thee to follow. and he permits no one to go to lodge in the town. to take rest and amuse ourselves. "there is Below it a hedge of mist. us." said Geraint." " With all go then. And they remained there a fortnight Then towards the Little King said to Geraint.

" to pass the night. And they went along it until they And they took the fairest and pleasantthe town for their lodging. Heaven be propitious to thee " ! said " Good sirs. and Enid on the other and next Enid the . " to permit any of gentle birth." said Geraint.Geraint the Son of Erbin. and considered his not eating and he bethought him that games. Geraint recollected the games. and he commanded they washed. unless they come " to stay in his court. and sat down. And while they behold. earl And the to the hall to laid. they. and " greeted them." he answered. est place in thus. And they went with the page. side of the earl. and on that account he did not ." said he. " what preparations are you mak- ing here. to abide here therefore : come ye to the court." We will came come gladly. take the lower road. and they were joyfully received. were only on account of losing such a . Then the earl looked upon Geraint. Little King. and thought that he should not go to them . a young man came to them.'" " We is are taking up our lodging. all and then the countess next to Geraint and after that as became their rank. meet them." " It not the custom with him who owns the town. : the tables to be And And to this is the order in which they sat Geraint on one side. Then eat. and it was because of the grieved him it that he had ever established those games." said they." 323 came were to the town.

Geraint. And Geraint called for his horse and his horse." is " If that willingly." said Earl Owain. there was the head of a man. he would gladly have done so. and to be shown the way thither. Then they ate. And when they had finished eating they arose. And if Geraint had asked him to abolish the games. the air ." said Owain. " But I wish nothing better than to go to the games. " But that thou wilt." said he. " " chieftain ">. Then " " May no one go in with the No one may. thou shalt obtain it " I do prefer it. hedge was very said the Little King. and they had a variety of gifts. thou shalt not go.' Which way can I enter " inquired " I know not. " ? What thought If occupies thy mind. of stakes throughout the and the number great." way and that seemeth easiest .324 The Boy's Mabinogion. youth as Geraint. . that thou dost not eat thou hesitatest about going to the games. his armor." " Heaven reward thee ! " said Geraint. and abundance of liquor. and they were amply served. indeed. and no other of thy rank shall ever go. came to the side of the hedge and the hedge was so in lofty. that it reached as high as they could see in the hedge. Then the earl said to Geraint. and he accoutred both himself and And all the hosts went forth until they ." what thou dost prefer. and upon every stake except two. enter by the to thee. either.

chieftain sel would not coun- thee to sit in . thereupon they heard a mighty tumult around the And Geraint looked to see what was the cause of the tumult." it care not. chieftain." " Myself. in front of the door of and on a branch of the apple-tree hung a huge into the hunting-horn." " said Geraint. " Tell me. the door of the tent and in the orchard satin.' that chair. empty. wherein was a tent of red And was open. for- Then fearlessly and unhesitatingly Geraint dashed ward into the mist. a large orchard . and a robe of honor in it two parts was upon him and upon his horse. " Wherefore " The man to whom that chair belongs has never suffered another to " I sit in it. " It was wrong of thee to do me this shame and dis- . and down therein. high-mettled. tent . sat and another chair was opposite And ! Geraint went to the empty chair. " I " Ah. and beneath was plenty of armor. and an apple-tree stood the tent .Geraini the Son of Brbin. to her." said Geraint." And tent. and large of bone . proudly snorting. and went in the tent save and there was no one one maiden sitting in a golden chair. And he beheld without a knight mounted upon a war-horse. " though displease him that I sit in the chair. Then he dismounted. " said the maiden." said he to Geraint. " that bade thee sit who it was there. And on leaving the mist he came to he saw an open space." answered he.

nor the hedge of mist. to the ground. the mist said Geraint. Then Geraint went he gave." whom am van- And sad and sorrowful was Enid where she remained. " ." Then Geraint third arose . and do me satisfaction for thine inso- lence. over he. and they broke a ." " Thou shalt have this gladly." " est Sound yonder horn. mist vanished. " that this game shall no longer exist here." it. through anxiety concerning Geraint. my lord ! " said " thy mercy. strokes. to disappear "Cause. lord. " Oh." said Geraint. and a and they gave each other fierce and frequent Geraint became enraged . and they and sounded the horn. and he himself was borne headlong and arm. nor magic. set of lances. and they encountered immediately and a second set." he replied. and so that the head of his lance went through his armor. nor enchantment. then. And the earl invited .. and when thou soundgo hence unless I the mist will vanish but it will not the horn be blown by the knight by quished. Arise." " I only desire. all And to at the first blast And all the hosts came became reconciled each other. The Boy's Mabinogion. from this place. the length of Geraint's lance his horse's crupper. 326 grace. so that it was split. And at last and he urged on his horse. and gave him a thrust on the centre of his shield. and thou shalt have what thou wilt. and rushed upon him. said he. the together. and his girths were broken.

. And Geraint went towards his own dominions and thenceforth he reigned prosperously. 327 Geraint and the Little King to stay with him that night. . And the next morning they separated. and his warlike fame and splendor lasted with renown and honor both to him and to Enid from that time forth.Geraint the Son of Erbin.

and the heat was great. And he hunted through the valley also sals. And sleep came upon Maxen Wledig. . and a better and a wiser. up their shields around And his attendants stood and set him upon the head shafts of their spears to protect him from the sun. and they placed a gold enamelled shield under his . but to put himself on equal terms with those kings.328 The Boy's Mabinogion. 383. that were Not for the delight of hunting went the emperor with them. and valley of the river that flowed came to the towards Rome. MAXEN WLEDIG was emperor^ of Rome. And saw. and he one day he friends. throne. And with him his vas- were two and thirty crowned kings. " I was a comelier man. And and he said to his desire to go to-morrow to hunt. And the sun was high in the sky over their heads. THE DREAM OF MAXEN WLEDIG. than any emperor that had been before him. and so Maxen slept. And this is the dream that he He was journeying along the valley " is the of the river in Britain with " Maxen Wledig Emperor Maximus." And the next day in the morning he set forth with his retinue.D. until mid-day. who was his army when he obtained the Many Welsh stories are told about him. held a council of kings . A. 1 he saw a dream.

and steeps. Then it seemed that he came to the fairest island in the whole world. 329 mountain source and he came to the highest in the world. leys he saw. the others. it that he seemed to him went through the fairest and most level regions that man ever yet beheld. sea. ' and a vast and he saw many high towers of various colors in the castle. on the other side of the mountain. even to the farthest shore of the island. and came into the ship. the mountain as . He saw a bridge of the bone of the whale from the ship to the land. Never yet saw he the And rugged of thence he beheld an island in the land. like. And he saw large and mighty rivers sea. And a sail was hoisted on the ship. one ship among the all larger it by and fairer. And was he saw a fleet at the mouth than of the river. and along the sea and the ocean was it borne.The towards its Dream of Maxen . Of such part of the ship as he could see above the water. and rugged precipices. fleet : And he saw far. And he thought that the mountain was as And when he came over the mountain. And thus he came to the mouth of the largest river ever seen. high as the sky. descending from the mountain to the and towards the as he journeyed mouths of the rivers he proceeded. and rocks of wondrous height. facing this And between him and this island was a country which the plain was as large as the sea. and he thought that he went along the bridge. one plank was gilded and the other silvered over. And he beheld a great city castle in the city. at the entrance of the river. and he traversed the island from Val- sea to sea. Wledig. the largest ever seen.

he saw a . with the figures of two eagles of ruddy gold thereon. of jet-black satin hair.330 The Boy's Mabinogion. . he beheld a castle. And from the mountain he saw a river that flowed through the land. and a rod of gold. He was And of powerful aspect. The garments of the youths were their and chaplets of ruddy gold bound whereon were sparkling jewels of great price. and many rings were on his hands. the doors seemed and be of gold. and his hair was bound with a golden diadem. silver tables. And mouth of the river . a silver board for the chess. and a golden torque about his neck . the fairest that man ever saw and the gate castle. And man beside a pillar in the hall he saw a hoary-headed in a chair of ivory. fastened by slides of red gold. He saw . Not more easy than it to gaze upon the sun of her brightest was to look upon her by reason . and gems alternately with imperial stones buskins of new Cordovan leather on their feet. Bracelets of gold were upon his arms. of And which the roof seemed to be gold the walls of the hall seemed all to be entirely of glittering precious to gems. Golden seats on a seat he saw in the hall. at the and fell into the sea. and a steel file in his hand. rubies. in a chair of And when he saw a maiden sitting before him ruddy gold. he was carving out chessmen. and golden pieces thereon. A chess- board of gold was before him. vast as the wood. of the castle in the castle all was open. and he went into the fair hall. And opposite to him he beheld two auburn-haired youths play- ing at chess.

The Dream of Maxen Wledig. and the chair roomy for them both than for the maiden And behold. 331 A vest of her. the and the neighing of the horses and emperor awoke. they went to listen to songs and he went not with them there . spirit And when sleep . and went forth towards Rome. their prancing. alternating And a girdle of ruddy gold was around beheld. because of the maiden for the whom he had seen in his love of the maiden pervaded his whole his household it frame. neither could he be persuaded to do any . he awoke. with . frontlet. When When they of the household went to drink wine and mead out of golden vessels. tales. through the chafing of the dogs at their leashing. and the clashing of the shields as they struck against each other. beauty. "Lord. clasps of red gold at the breast tissue and a surcoat of gold upon and a frontlet of red gold upon her head. She was the fairest sight that man ever The maiden arose from her chair before two sat down together in the chair of gold was not alone. white silk was upon the maiden." said they. nor nor existence was left him. her. food?" Thereupon the emperor mounted the saddest man that mortal ever saw. Then spake unto him. and they . and the beating together of the shafts of the spears. with and rubies and gems were in the pearls and imperial stones. And thus he was during the space of a week. "is not past the time for thee to take thy his palfrey. less him. he went not with any of them.

and because of the maiden there neither nor spirit. as thou knowest not And what day or what night good news hope thereof will may come to thee. " revile all the people revile thee. in his The Boy's Mabinogion. nor existence within me.'' "Wherefore do they from me " asked the emperor." Then he. " I the wise men of Rome And were emperor. as message nor answer lord. and seeking tidings concerning his dream. And this is our counsel : that thou send messengers for three years to the three parts of the world to seek for thy dream." of a year." said in the is have seen a dream. And as often as he slept. the cause men should have from their why thou art spoken evil of." they answered." said he." . at the end of . we will give thee counsel. " Sages of Rome. So the messengers journeyed for the space But when they came back wandering about the world. dream I beheld a life." said the emperor. "since thou judgest us woi-thy to counsel thee. the support thee. and I will tell them wherefore brought to the am sorrowful. "do thou bring unto me the wise I men Rome. " Because they can get neither thee. he was king of the " Lord. of the One day the page Romans. and he spake to them. for he knew not in the world she was. chamber spake unto him : now." of This is "Youth." "Lord.332 thing but sleep. although he was page of the chamber. maiden. he : beheld dreams the maiden he loved best slept but except when he where he saw nothing of her .

" And thereupon thirteen messengers of the emperor's ." said they." said he. world in the harbor of the larger than any of the others. of the Then spoke the King seem to go. set forth and before them they saw a high mountain. " this is whether it were to the east or to the west. "Behold. " the land which our master saw." And in the great ship . in order that through what hostile land soever they might pass no harm might be done them. "the dream that our master saw. They saw the river. Now : this was the guise in which the messengers journeyed one sleeve a sign that was on the cap of each of them in front. until to the they came mighty river which they saw flowing to city. And then was the emperor exceeding for he thought that he should never have her whom best he loved. I said I where was when saw the dream. they be- held vast plains. the sea. " Behold. and one ship that was " Behold again. bank I of the river. they 333 knew not one word more than they did the day they set sorrowful tidings of . and large rivers flowing there through. and the vast and the many-colored high largest fleet in the towers in the castle. And when they were come over this mountain.The Dream of Mdxen Wledig. forth. and went towards the source of the river westward." So the emperor went to the forth to the hunt. as they were messengers. the year." And they went along the mouths of the rivers." said they. " Lord. " go forth to hunt by the Romans unto the emperor way thou didst and he came he. to which seemed to them touch the sky.

wilt be made Empress of or that the emperor come hither and take thee for his wife " Ha. "the rugged land that our master And they went forward until they saw Anglesey before them. in the ivory chessmen. And they beheld the maiden sitting on a chair of ruddy gold. "Behold the into the hall hall. lady. but the Emperor of Rome nor hath seen thee in his sleep. "the land our master saw in his sleep. and until they saw Arvon likewise. " Be- hold. let him come here to seek me. And they traversed saw. and the badge of envoys what mockery ye do to me ? " We mock thee because not." And river." said they." said the maiden. If me. carving And they man beside the pillar." " 334 ^^ Boy's Mabinogion. beheld the hoary-headed chair. and a castle at the mouth of the The portal of the castle saw they open." said the maiden. they crossed the sea. they saw Aber Sain. and they saw a hall in the castle. " ">." . which he saw in his and they beheld two They went youths playing at chess on the golden bench. Then sleep. and into the castle they went. "ye bear the seeming : of honorable is this men. "Behold." the island until they came to Snowdon. lords." said they. all hail ! " Empress "Ha. — whether thou Rome." said they. " I I will not deny what ye the emperor love say. their knees. and came to the Island of Britain. lady . The messengers bent down upon of Rome. neither will believe it too well. gentles. Thou shalt have of us therego with us and fore the choice. and he has neither spirit left life of thee.

they. she asked to have the Island of Britain for her father. And he told her to name what she would." said he. where is the woman whom for we know his army. . her name. "there the castle wherein saw the damsel into the castle whom I best love. And when he beheld the castle when he Aber Sain. "Empress his bride. playing And he saw Eudav the son of Caradawc sitting and into the on a chair of ivory. and her kindred. and asked their boon. and went forward even the land of unto Arvon. And the maiden whom he had beheld in his sleep he saw sitting on a chair of gold. carving chessmen. And the emperor knew is saw it. "all hail ! " And the emperor threw his arms about her neck. 335 And by day and night the messengers hied them back. they saluted the emperor." said he. And when they came to Rome. to the place best thou lovest ." And immediately the emperor set forth with And these men were his guides. I "Look yonder. And when their horses failed. of And he conquered the island from Beli the son his sons. of Rome. and and drove them to the sea. Towards the Britain they Island of went over the sea and the deep. and there he saw Kynan Adeon the son of Eudav. the damsel asked her maiden portion.The Dream of Maxen Wledig. which was given to them according as they named lord." said it. and at chess. Manogan. " We *will be thy guides. and she became And And the next day in the morning. hall. and her race." And he went forward the son of Eudav. "over sea and over land. they bought other fresh ones.

Then Helen bethought her the roads were made. So they made a new emperor. Irish Sea. to hold under the to Empress of Rome. for this cause are they called the Roads of Helen Luyddawc. the two other castles were made for her. of this island and the men of the Island of Britain would not have made these great Seven years did the emperor tarry at that time. letter of threat to And this one wrote a in the letter Maxen. make high roads from one castle to another throughout the Island of Britain. is And that encamping place called Cadeir Maxen. it And she chose And they brought thither earth from Rome. together with the three from the Channel to the adjacent islands. the in this island. and have three chief castles made for her in whatever places she might choose in the Island of Britain. and Rome again. to have the highest castle made at Arvon. that she was sprung from a native roads for any save for her. There was nousfht . even to this day. Now. he called Caervyrddin. that what- soever emperor should remain in other lands more than seven years should remain to his should never return to own overthrow. far as and he came so the top of Brevi Vawr.336 The Boy's Mabinogion. And And . And one day the emperor went to hunt at Caermarthen. which were Caerlleon and Caermarthen. And to because it that he built the castle with a myriad of men. men of Rome had a custom. that healthful for the emperor to sleep and might be more sit and walk upon. and there the emperor pitched his tent. After that.

and they sent their carpenters to the wood. and sat down before the city of Rome. him there of A year was nearer taking the emperor before the city. and a ladder was made for every four . and embraced them. nor more handsome And Helen went to see the hosts. and she knew the the son of standards of her brothers. And to the emperor was his was seen halting close army. after came the brothers Britain. And the emperor was glad because of them. and these Then emperor sent he a letter to the in man who nought styled himself Rome. and if thou ever comest letter to Rome. and every land on the way. Helen Luyddawc from the Island and a small host with them and better warriors were in that small host than twice as told that a host many Romans. size. and no its man ever saw a fairer or better appointed host for standards. at the Romans as they attacked the Said Kynan to his brother. but only this to : 337 " If thou comest. " We will try to attack the city more expertly than this. and I come." And even unto Caerlleon came this tidings. Then came Kynan Eudav. Then they looked city. and encamping. to meet the emperor." And thereupon Maxen set forth towards Rome with his army. and Adeon the son of Eudav.The Dream of Maxen Wledig. : There was in that letter also if but only this " If I come to Rome. And . and vanquished France and Burgundy. and he was no it than the of first day." So they measured by night the height of the wall. Maxen.

and gladly. and that none could give him." " Lord. And in the morning the men of Britain took their food. and they ceased to fight on both sides till all had finished eating. of their men number. And others of them kept the city. and the emperor sat on of the throne. " that thy brothers have not conquered me. to the city. And duing the men that were in the and taking the any castle. emperor. this city for to Helen Luyddawc. the Britons it. therein. and the men Rome submitted themselves unto him. and slew him. men of the Island of Britain. Now. every day at mid-day the emperors went to meat. Then the gates of the city of Rome were all opened. and placed their ladders against and forthwith they cajme in through the city. And they told the emperor that it none had taken the city. . " the wisest youths in the world are city of my brothers." said he. and many others with three nights and three days were they subcity. The new emperor had no time they him. fell to arm himself when upon him." be in their possession thou shalt have it So the emperor and Helen went and demanded the but the city. and they drank until they were invigorated. until they had subjected Then spake Maxen lady. lest of the host of all Maxen should come to their will. " I marvel.338 The Boy's Mabinogion." she answered. And came while the two emperors were at meat. and ask the them. when these were ready. if it Go thou thither.

they slew the men . part. said 339 Adeon." castles So they cities. This host give unto you to vanquish whatever region ye may desire in the world." said he. this conquest. unto Kynan and I " I have now had possession of the whole of my empire. But Kynan tarried there with the other there. or go back into the land whence thou didst come forth . and many with him. The emperor then " Lords. " tarry in this land. . " Whether thou rather." " Now he chose to go back to his own land. And here ends. set forth and conquered lands and all and they And alive." said he. Emperor of Rome. from the length of time they were upon Then spoke Kynan unto Adeon wilt his brother. but the women kept And thus they continued until the young men that had come with them were grown gray-headed.The Dream of Maxen Wlideg. and dwelt And this dream is called the Dream it of Maxen Wledig.

;

340

The Boy's Mabinogion.

TALIESIN.'
N
times past there lived in Penllyn a

man

of gentle
in

I

lineage

named Tegid Voel
Lake Tegid
there

;

and his dwelling was

the midst of the

;

and his wife was called
to

Caridwen.
'

And

was born
poets,

him
is called

of his wife a son
by his countrymen " the

Taliesin is the greatest of

Welsh

and

Prince of Song."

He became bard at

the court of

King Arthur, and was one of the
Taliesin appears to have lived
to

brightest in that glorious assemblage.
in the sixth century,

The

actual

man

and poems remain which are believed

be his genuine works.

A curious story of
Society,

his life appears

among

the publications of the
:

Welsh Manuscript

which

I

give here as quoted by

Lady Guest


Henwg
of Caerlleon-upon-Usk,

"

Taliesin, Chief of the Bards, the son of Saint
to the court of

was invited

Urien Rheged, at Aberllychwr.

He, with Elffin the son

of Urien, being once fishing at sea in a skin coracle,

an Irish pirate-ship seized him

and his

coracle,

and bore him away towards Ireland ; but while the pirates were at the
it

height of their drunken mirth, Taliesin pushed his coracle to the sea, and got into
himself, with a shield in his

hand which he found

in the ship,

and with which he

rowed the coracle
he
lost his

until

it

verged the land; but, the waves breaking then in wild foam,

hold on the shield, so that he had no alternative but to be driven at the
sea, in

mercy of the

which

state

he continued for a short time, when the coracle stuck

to the point of a pole in the weir of

Gwyddno, Lord

of Ceredigion, in Aberdyvi

and was

in that position interrogated.

he was found,
it

at the ebb,

by Gwyddno's fishermen, by

whom

he
of

And when

was ascertained that he was a bard, and the tutor
'

Elfljn the son of
Elffin,' said

Urien Rheged, the son of Cynvarch,
to

I,

too,

have a son named
I will

Gwyddno, 'be thou a bard and teacher

him

also,

and

give thee

lands in free tenure.'

The terms were

accepted, and for several successive years he

spent his time between the courts of Urien

Rheged and Gwyddno,

called

Gwyddno

Taliesin.

341

named Morvran ab Tegid, and

also a daughter

named
;

Creirwy, the fairest maiden in the world was she

and

they had a brother, the most ill-favored

man

in the world,

Avagddu.

Now Caridwen

his

mother thought that he was
of noble birth,

not likely to be admitted

among men
in the

by

reason of his ugliness, unless he had some exalted merits
or knowledge.

For

it

was

beginning of Arthur's

time and of the

Round

Table.
to the arts of the

So she resolved according
for her son, that his reception
Garanhir,

books of

the Fferyllt, to boil a caldron of Inspiration and Science

might be honorable because
But
after the territory of

Lord

of the

Lowland Cantied.
sea,

Gwyddno had

become overwhelmed by the

Tahesin was invited by the Emperor Arthur to his

court at Caerlleon-upon-Usk, where he
useful, meritorious sciences.

became highly celebrated

for poetic genius,

and

After Arthur's death he retired to the estate given to

him by Gwyddno,
from
this

talking ElfEn, the

son of that prince, under his protection.

It

was

account that
his

Thomas
of

the son of Einion Offeiriad, descended from Gruffydd
Taliesin the son of

Gwyr, formed

romance

Cariadwen, ElfBn the son of
of the

Goddnou, Rhun the son of Maelgwn Gwynedd, and the operations
of Ceridwen."
I

Caldron

think

it

interesting to

add

in this connection that the old

Welsh bard was not a
learning.

mere

versiiier,
little

but was a true, wise man, and
story,

knew
to

all

human

Hereby

hangs a

Welsh

which has always seemed

me

of great significance.
all

A

certain Einigan

Gawr saw

three rays of light, on which were inscribed

knowledge

and

science.

And
as
it

he took three rods of mountain-ash, and inscribed
light.

all

the sciences

upon them, saw them
It

should seem in imitation of the three rays of

And

those

who
died.

deified tlie rods,

which so grieved Einigan, that he broke the rods, and

may seem, by

the way, absurd to speak of inscribing sciences upon rods of ash,
I believe
is

until

one knows that the Bardic alphabet, which

now

generally regarded

genuine, would

seem
I

to

have originated in the three rays of light seen by Einigan
;

Gawr,

— as / \ for example

being formed entirely of such lines, which, as easily
are capable of being

seen, are easily cut

on wood, since they involve no curves, and

made with a

single stroke of the knife.

542
of his

The Boy's Mabinogion.
knowledge
of the mysteries of the future state of

the world.

Then she began
beginning of
its

to boil the caldron,

which from the

boiling might not cease to boil for a year

and a day,

until three blessed drops

were obtained of the

grace of Inspiration.

And
blind

she put Gwion Bach the son of

Gwreang

of Llan-

fair in Caereinion, in

Powys, to

stir

the caldron, and a

man named Morda

to kindle the fire

beneath
it

it,

and

she charged them that they should not suffer
boiling for the space of a year and a day.
self,

to cease

And

she her-

according to the books of the astronomers, and in
all

planetary hours, gathered every day of
herbs.

charm-bearing

And

one day towards the end of the year, as
plants,

Caridwen was culling

and making incantations,

it

chanced that three drops of the charmed liquor flew out of
the caldron and
fell

upon the finger

of

Gwion Bach.
his

And

by reason
;

of their great heat

he put

finger to his

mouth and the

instant he put those marvel-working drops

into his mouth, he foresaw every thing that

was

to

come,

and perceived that

his chief care

must be

to

guard against

the wiles of Caridwen, for vast was her
great fear he fled towards his

skill.

And
it,

in very

own

land.

And
;

the caldron

burst in two, because

all

the liquor within

except the
that the

three charm-bearing drops, was poisonous

so

horses of

Gwyddno Garanhir were poisoned by
of that stream

the water
;

of the stream into

which the liquor of the caldron ran

and the confluence
the Horses of

was

called the Poison of

Gwyddno from

that time forth.

Taliesin.

343
all

Thereupon came
whole year
lost.

in

Caridwen, and saw
she seized a

the
of

toil of

the

And

billet

wood, and

struck the blind
fell

Morda on the
for I

head, until one of his eyes

out upon his cheek.

thou disfigured

me

;

And he said, " Wrongfully hast am innocent. Thy loss was not
said Caridwen.

because of me."

Thou speakest truth," Bach who robbed me."

"

" It

was Gwion
he saw

And
her,

she went forth after him, running.

And
fled.

and changed himself into a hare, and

But she

changed herself into a greyhound, and turned him.
he ran towards a form of an
otter,
river,

And

and became a

fish.

And

she, in the

chased him under the water, until he was
She, as a hawk,

fain to turn himself into a bird of the air.

followed him, and gave him no rest in the sky.
as she

And

just

was about

to stoop

upon him, and he was

in fear of
floor of

death, he espied a heap of

winnowed wheat on the

a barn,

and he dropped among the wheat, and turned himone of the grains.

self into

Then she transformed
and went and found him
out.

herself

into a high-crested black hen,

to the wheat,

and

scratched

it

with her

feet,

So she

wrapped him
to the

in a leathern bag,

and cast him into the sea

mercy

of

God, on the twenty-ninth day of April.
time the weir of Gwyddno was on the

And
castle
;

at that

strand between Dyvi and Aberystwyth, near to his

own
in

and the value

of an

hundred pounds was taken

that weir every

May

Eve.

And

in

those days

Gwyddno
of youths,

had an only son named Elphin, the most hapless

344

The Boy's Mabinogion.

and the most needy.

And

it

grieved his father sore, for
evil hour.

he thought that he was born in an

And by

the

advice of his council his father had granted

him the drawto begin

ing of the weir that year, to see
befall him,

if

good luck would ever

and

to give

him something wherewith

the world.

And

the next day

when Elphin went

to look, there

was

nothing in the weir.

But as he turned back he perceived

the leathern bag upon a pole of the weir.
of the weir-ward unto Elphin, "
until to-night
;

Then

said

one

Thou wast never unlucky

and now thou

hast destroyed the virtues of

the weir, which always yielded the value of an hundred

pounds every
"

May Eve
?

;

and to-night there

is

nothing but

this leathern skin within it."

How now
;

" said

Elphin."

There may be therein the
Well, they took up the
it

value of an hundred pounds."
leathern bag

and he who opened

saw the forehead
!

of

the boy, and said to Elphin, "Behold a radiant brow

"

'

"Taliesin be he called," said Elphin.

And

he

lifted the

boy

in his arms, and,

lamenting his mischance, he placed

him sorrowfully behind him.
him
in

And

he made his horse
;

amble gently, that before had been trotting
as softly as
if

and he carried

he had been sitting in the easiest chair
presently the boy

the world.

And

made a Consolation

and praise to Elphin, and foretold honor to Elphin
the Consolation was as you

may

see

:

;

and

'

" Taliesin " means " radiant brow."

;

;

!

;

:

;

;

Taliesin.
" Fair Elphin, cease to lament

345

Let no one be dissatisfied with his own

:

To

despair will bring no advantage.
sees what supports

No man
God

him

The prayer of
Never
in

Cynllo will not be in vain

will not violate his promise.

Gwyddno's weir
good luck as
!

Was

there such

this night.

Fair Elphin, dry thy cheeks

Being too sad

will not avail,
:

Although thou thinkest thou hast no gain

Too much
Nor doubt
Although
I

grief will bring thee

no good

;

the miracles of the Almighty.

am

but

little, I

amhighly

gifted.

From seas, and from mountains, And from the depths of rivers, God brings wealth to the fortunate man.
Elphin of
lively qualities,

Thy resolution is unmanly Thou must not be over sorrowful Better to trust in God than to forebode

ill.

Weak and small as I am, On the foaming beach of
In the day of trouble
I

the ocean.

shall be

Of more

service to thee than three hundred salmon.
qualities,

Elphin of notable

Be not displeased
There

at thy misfortune

Although reclined thus
lies
I

weak

in

my

bag.

a virtue in

my

tongue.

While

continue thy protector

Thou hast not much to fear Remembering the names of None
shall be able to

the Trinity,
thee."

harm

346

The Boy's Mabinogion.
this

And

was the

first

poem

that Taliesin ever sang,

being to console Elphin in his grief for that the produce
of the weir

was

lost,

and, what
it

was worse, that
his fault

all

the
ill

world would consider that
luck.

was through

and

Then came Elphin
his father,

to the

house or court of Gwyddno

and Taliesin with him.

And Gwyddno

asked
told
fish.

him

if

he had had a good haul
" said

at the weir,

and he

him that he had got that which was better than

"What was

that

.?

Gwyddno.
he
"

"A
And

bard," answered Elphin.
said

Then

Gwyddno, "Alas, what

will

profit thee.?

Taliesin himself replied and said, "
profited thee."

He

will profit

him more than the weir ever

Asked Gwyddno,
little

"

Art thou able

to speak,

and thou so

"
>.

And

Taliesin answered him, " I

am

better able to speak

than thou to question me."

And

forthwith Elphin gave his haul to his wife, and she

nursed him tenderly and lovingly.

Thenceforward Elphin

increased in riches more and more day after day, and in
love
until

and favor with the king.
he was thirteen years

And
old,

there abode Taliesin

when

Elphin, son

of

Gwyddno, went by a Christmas

invitation to his uncle,
after this held

Maelgwn Gwynedd, who some time
the

open

court at Christmastide in the castle of

Dyganwy,

for all

number

of his lords of both degrees, both spiritual
of knights

and temporal, with a vast and thronged hosts

and

Taliesin.

347

And amongst them discussion. And thus was it
squires.

there arose a discourse and
said
:


many
the

" Is there in the whole world a king so great as Mael-

gwn, or one on
spiritual gifts as

whom Heaven
upon him
?

has bestowed so

First,

form and beauty and
the powers of

meeknesss and strength, besides
soul
!

all

"

And

together with these they said that Heaven
gift that

had given one

exceeded

all

the others, which was

the beauty and comeliness and grace

and wisdom and
of

modesty
all

of his queen,

whose virtues surpassed those
one

the ladies and

noble maidens throughout the whole

kingdom.

And

with this they put

another amongst

themselves, — "Who

questions

to

had braver men,

who had
more

fairer or swifter horses or

greyhounds,

who had

skilful or wiser

bards

— than Maelgwn 1"
were
in great favor with the

Now
ofifice

at that time the bards

exalted of the
of those

kingdom

;

and then none performed the

who

are

now

called heralds, unless they
in the service of kings

were learned men, not only expert

and princes, but studious, and well versed
and arms and exploits
of princes

in the lineage in dis-

and kings, and

cussions concerning foreign kingdoms and the

ancient

things of this kingdom, and chiefly in the annals of the
first

nobles,

and also were prepared always with their

answers in various languages,
English.
iclers

— Latin, French, Welsh, and
framing verses, and

And

together with this they were great chronskilful in

and recorders, and

ready in making englyns in every one of those languages.

as the story relates. being fully wife. While Rhun went towards Elphin's dwelling. it befell that Elphin spoke in this wise : Of a truth none but a king I may vie with a king . in a is tower of the said that it (it was a because he wa-s of royal blood)." all a short space some of his fellows . sent his son demeanor graceless of Elphin's wife. when Elphin had been put with a thick chain about his feet silver chain. in Rhun to inquire into the Now. full were he not a king. her apparel . but was in haste spoken of. Taliesin minded to bring disgrace upon his told his mistress how that the king had that placed his master in durance in prison. and also that have In a bard who is more skilful than all the king's bards. in haste to strive bring disgrace Wherefore he caused his mistress to array one in of the maids of her kitchen . the king. castle. and chief of them all was one named Heinin Vardd. Now. When they had all made an end of thus praising the Maelgwn as king and his " gifts. . which the noble lady gladly did and she loaded her hands with the best rings that she and her husband possessed. of these there Now were at that feast within the palace of many as four and twenty. and to how Rhun was coming upon her. Rhun was the most evil man the world. but. showed the king the boastings of Elphin and the king ordered him until to be thrown into a strong prison he might know the truth as to the virtues of his wife and the wisdom of his bard. of virtues as would say that in my wife was as I any lady the kingdom.348 The Boy's Mabinogion. and there was neither wife nor maiden with whom he had held converse.

And it verily this story shows that the maiden became so intoxicated. to whom he told the whole story from to the beginning. and the story was a powder Rhun put into the drink. And Rhun returned to the king with the finger and the ring as a proof. for the servants knew him plainly. and he chided him because this his boast. whereupon was the signet-ring Elphin. in the semblance of whom the maid rose up from supper. and he sent for his councillors. be . which he had sent to his wife as a token a short time before. and welcomed him gladly. and seated at their supper in the manner Rhun suddenly arrived all Elphin's was received with joy. and he to made her seem as her mistress. The king rejoiced greatly at these tidings . " Elphin. And they brought him in haste to the room of their mistress. and the mistress seem as the maid. dwelling. And when at they were in due time that has been said. Rhun who kept the semblance of her mistress. that relates that she that fell asleep . to show that he had cut it from off her hand without her awaking from her sleep of intemperance. 349 In this guise Taliesin caused his mistress to put the maiden to sit at the board in her to room at supper. still Then Rhun began jesting with the maid.Taliesin. And afterwards she sat down to supper again the second time. it And he spake unto Elphin on wise . of his And he caused Elphin be brought out of prison. that made her sleep so felt it soundly that she never when he cut from off her of hand her little finger. and with her.

and I can assure your goodness that my wife has never kneaded rye-dough since my wife she has been. with thy signet-ring upon which was cut from her hand the sleep of intoxication. for in truth and certainty there are three notable things pertainit." Then the king was mightily wroth with Elphin for so . ing to of which ever belonged the "three is. by your grace's leave. truly. I : " With thy leave. that thou mayest be certain of thy wife's it." last night while she slept Then thus spake Elphin king. to of my is wife's fingers. this finger The third is. whether sitting. for is known of many. But verily it strongly that the finger around which to the is was never attached none hand of my any it wife . and you can see fully that the nail of this little finger has not been pared for a month. that the hand whence came was kneading rye-dough within three days before the finger was cut therefrom. And. The first of that is certain. or lying down.350 known man to to thee The Boy's Mabinogion. or standing. The second thing I is. mighty it cannot deny I assert my ring. vileness. this ring would never remain upon her thumb it . that wheresoever my wife at this present hour. that my wife has never let pass one Saturday since have known her without paring her nails before going to bed. beyond a doubt that it is but folly for a trust in the virtues of his wife further than he can see her. behold her finger. whereas over the you can plainly see that was hard to draw it joint of the little finger of the hand whence this was cut.

Then free. And how that Elphin was in prison because of them . With a wise Druid's words. saying that he should him to his prison a- second not be loosed thence until he had proved the truth of his boast. Taliesin. stoutly withstanding 351 of his him respecting the goodness wife: wherefore he ordered time. There soon shall be an end. as well concerning the wisdom of his bard as the virtues of his wife. . Let neither grace nor health Be to Maelgwn Gwynedd. By the act of a surprising steed. From the far distant North. and this For this force wrong And And an avenged end To Rhun and all his race be extremes of ills Short be his course of life. but he bade her be glad for that he would go to Maelgwn's court to free his master.: . To their fell and chilling cry. In the mean time his wife and Taliesin remained joyful Taliesin showed his mistress at Elphin's dwelling. Will set kind Elphin free From haughty tyrant's bonds. Be all his lands laid waste And long exile be assigned To Maelgwn Gwynedd " ! . chief of bards. she asked him in what manner he would set him And he answered her : [in a song whereof the last verses axe these] " — I Taliesin.

as is the custom at the high festivals when the bounty power of the is proclaimed. as they were wont. blerwm their lips with their fingers. Wherefore he commanded one of his lords. After this he took leave of his mistress. and desire lect their wits. But they ceased not from their folly any more than before. And so. he placed himself in a quiet corner. unto whom they made and " their obeisance with their bodies. when the bards to proclaim the and the heralds came to cry largess.352 The Boy's Mabinogion. as they had seen the boy This sight caused the king to wonder. " Blerwm. withlips. Neither took they blerwm. and king and his strength. playing. and a . the court of Maelgwn. many who served at the board. out speaking a single word. to at the king. at the moment that they passed by the corner wherein he was crouching. as was the custom those days for kings and princes to do at every chief feast. and came at last to hall. but pouting out their making mouths upon do elsewhere. And as soon as Taliesin entered the hall. Whereupon he sent to them a second time. Taliesin iDouted out his lips after them. and what was fitting for them to do. who was going it to sit in his in and dine in his royal state. it them to col- and to consider where they stood." with his finger upon his lips. near the place where the bards and the during their service and minstrels were wont to come in duty to the king. much ward notice of till him as they went by. to go to them. and deem within himself that they were drunk with liquors. third. but proceeded for- they came before the king. And this lord did so gladly. and played " Blerwm.

Taliesin sat. that not from the strength of drink. be known to your grace. spirit that was And after this it Heinin spoke on this wise : " Oh. neither through drunkenness. back in Then he arose and went on his knees. so that he his seat. And my original country is the region of the summer stars Idno and Heinin called me Merddin." squire to fetch him. desiring 353 hall. blow them named Heinin Vardd and the squire took a fell broom and struck him on the head. and whence he came. the king in verse : And he answered — am I " Primary chief bard to Elphin. was with the fall my Lord in the highest sphere. or of too much liquor. Forthwith the king commanded the And he went to the nook where king. them to go forth from the At the last the to the chief king ordered one of of his squires to give a . honor- able king. are we dumb. and brought him before the who asked him what he was. without power of speech like drunken men. : . Taliesin. but through the influence of a spirit that sits in the corner yonder in the form of a child. On I I I of Lucifer into the depth of hell have borne a banner before Alexander know the names of the stars from north to south . have been on the galaxy at the throne of the Distributor . but by the influence of some in the hall. At length every king I will call me Taliesin. and be- sought leave of the king's grace to show that this their fault was not through want of knowledge. ..

I I was in the court of Don before the birth of Gwdion. in the court of For a day and a year I in stocks and fetters. was at the place of the crucifixion of the merciful Son of God . have been three periods in the prison of Arianrod have been the chief director of the work of the tower of Nimrod I am a wonder whose origin is not known. have seen the destruction of Sodom and Gomorra have been in India I I when Roma was built. shall be is until the day of doom on the face of tlie earth . was in Canaan when Absalom was slain conveyed the Divine Spirit to the level of the vale of Hebron . have obtained the muse from the caldron of Ceridwyn have been bard of the harp to Lleon of Lochlin. . . am now come here to the remnant of Troia. have been fostered in the land of the Deity. have suffered hunger for the Son of the Virgin. . have been on the White Hill. Cynvelyn. I have been with my Lord in the manger of the ass . I I am able to instruct the whole universe. I I have been teacher to all intelligences.. I I I I I strengthened Moses through the water of Jordan have been in the firmament with Mary Magdalene . was originally I Gwion. 354 I I Ihe Boy's Mabinogion. ." . And at length am Taliesin. . And it I not known whether little my body is flesh or fish. was instructor to Eli and Enoc I I I I I have been winged by the genius of the splendid crosier have been loquacious prior to being gifted with speech . . . I I have been in Asia with Noah in the ark.

. save enough 2 to give a fair idea of it. for they had never heard the like from a boy so young as that he he. And when the king knew first was the bard of Elphin. his and wisest bard. Chief of the bards of the west.. what was his And Maelgwn asked the boy Taliesin And he answered him in song errand." [And then Taliesin sang a song of the Yellow Plague. and when he sent all for the others of the four and twenty bards. The pestilence originated. truth For you cannot judge between and falsehood.^ marsh] : which was afterwards to come up out " of the — Be silent. " blerwm " to strive with But when he came. in the in the sixth century. I have taken the liberty of omitting. according to Welsh unburied bodies of the slain of Maelgwn's wars. Known as the " Yellow Plague of Rhos. This song. he bade Heinin. — 355 Taliesin. then. For praising his instructor And then I Taliesin. ye unlucky rhyming bards. to answer Taliesin and him. as well as several others. and could do no other. they did likewise. he could do no other but play on his lips ." of which Maelgwn is said to have died tradition. they wondered much. Shall loosen Elphin Out of a golden fetter. : » " There ought not to be about me Any bard who may not of know That Elphin the son Gwyddno Is in the land of Artro. And when the king and his nobles had heard the song. Secured by thirteen locks.

flesh. Without head. Without without bone. Tell your king what his fate will be. And this will bring destruction [And then wind] : Taliesin sang a wonderful song of the great — " Discover thou what is The strong creature from before the flood. will befall And As His will tell your king what him. It is I who am a diviner and a leading bard. without It will neither feet be older nor younger Than For at the beginning fear of a denial." and his eyes being as gold. it is in the wood. Without vein. you be primary bards formed by heaven. his teeth. . the five ages or periods . Great are it evaporations strikes on coasts. 356 If The Boy's Mabinogion. without blood.. A most strange creature will come from the sea marsh of Rhianedd a punishment of iniquity on hair. . There are no rude wants With Great creatures. It is in the field. Without hand and without Without signs of old age. Maelgwn Gwynedd upon Maelgwn Gwynedd. foot. Though With it be coeval . God how ] the sea virhitens ! When When When first it its comes gusts Great are it comes from the south its .

e2 J2 W .

.

. When It is it glances over the land. It is mild. It is indispensable. it is sonorous. it is bold. not be without advice. It is four-sided It is It is It not confined. . Taliesin. its It will It will It commences journey Above It is the marble rock. dumb.. Its course is devious. And will not come when On land and on sea. clamorous. On sea. incomparable comes from four quarters not be advised. It is strong. nor is seen. Though they be numberless It is also years. so wide As the surface of the earth it And was not bom. It neither sees. . It is the most noisy On the face of the earth It is good. and on land. . It is desired without an equal. 357 And older still. it Nor was It will seen. it is vocal. It is silent. . cause consternation Wherever God wiUeth. it is bad.

It is wet. Him that supports the heavens. By a tremendous blast. of every extreme. it is dry. And the king caused them to fetch Elphin in Taliesin. . that immediately he sang a verse. To wreak vengeance On Maelgwn Gwynedd. 358 It is It is The Boy's Mabinogion. Proceeding from the heat of the sun. is less beneficial." And all while he was thus singing his verse near the door. haste from his dungeon. is less.. not repair the injury its But will It will not suffer for it is doings. Seeing blameless. it. Lord of all animation. it is beneficial It is yonder. so that the king and his nobles thought that the castle would fall on their heads. And the coldness of the moon. Because sight cannot perceive It is noxious. . It frequently comes. and placed him before And it is said. it. extremely injurious. The moon Inasmuch as her heat One Being has prepared Out of all creatures. Ruler Him that made the water good for all. so that : the chains opened from about his feet " I — — adore the Supreme. . concealed. it is It will here discompose. there arose a mighty storm of wind.

— Part of their produce becomes clothing For food and beverage I till doom will they continue. some are mute. him Some are violent.. and mead.. Since bees collect." which ended with the following — " Wherefore shoidd a stone be hard Why should a thorn be sharp-pointed Who is hard like a flint Who is salt like brine Who sweet like honey Who rides on the gale . — . with the choicest pure liquor. entreat the Supreme. May he yet give me and at the end. Some are wild. some are tame the Lord makes them . A succession of And verses : numberless ages. Him who has bestowed each gift. We have The sparkling distilled mead. which is universally praised. May God of his good will grant me. he enjoys them. . The man who gave me With large princely steeds. . knight of mead. with a view to enrich. and do not enjoy. liberate To Elphin from banishment. of beautiful appearance . tranquillity. . and blesses it May abundance of mead be given Maelgwn of Anglesey. and ale. Taliesin. in honor. . . — sup- From his foaming meadhoms. Why ridged should be the nose Why should a wheel be round . . in the retreat of " ! Elphin. Sovereign of the region of peace.. God made for man. 359 . wine. who plies us. multitude of creatures which the earth nourishes . late be thy dissolution afterwards he sang the ode which is called " The Excellence of the Bards.

. Heinin. Except minstrels and lazy useless thieves. . worms do Every thing travails to obtain its food. The innocent persons they The Church they With At hate. Through every village. Why should If the tongue be gifted with speech Rather than another member ? thy bards. Every vile course of they lead ..." Then sang he the piece called " The Spite of the Bards. be competent. In idleness without work they feed themselves . Taliesin. The birds do fly. Falsehood at times do they utter ridicule .. . town. crawl. Immoral Vain and ditties are their delight tasteless praise they recite all . and the tavern they frequent . and country they stroll Concerning the gripe of death they think not Neither lodging nor charity do they give Indulging in victuals to excess. the fish do swim. On holidays or Sundays they do not worship Vigils or festivals they do not heed.' " Minstrels persevere in their false custom. 360 The Boy's Mabinogion. . Psalms or prayers they do not use. courts they inquire after feasts Every senseless word they bring forward Every deadly sin they praise life . ." And after that he sang the address which is called " The Reproof of the Bards. thieves and perjured fellows they associate . Tithes or offerings to God they do not pay. Let them reply to me. . The bees collect honey.

." Taliesin having set his master free from prison. so to say a word. them dared now brought Elphin's wife before them. For blaspheming Jesus and thought his service. and having protected his wife. right glad was Taliesin. I 36] deride neither song nor minstrelsy. Right glad was Elphin. to lighten For they are given by God But him who abuses them. . Talies ill. that not one of and silenced the bards. and showed that she had not one finger wanting.

.

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or will be sent. "As you read of the fair knights and the foul knights. — — — "i^For sale by all booksellers. . postpaid. so well printed.a Christmas irestnt this year. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. Sidney Lanier's Boy's Froissartj^^. and so well illustrated. for Froissart tells of both. Edited. by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS.00. and gentleness in heart and bearing. make one now. to pursue simplicity. ' Nation. — THE BOY'S FROISSART. SIDNEY LANIER. to despise luxury . this was in the oath of the young knight who took the stroke upon him in the fourteenth century." Extract from the Preface. . Nevertheless the same qualities which made a manful fighter then. There is no better and healthier reading for boys than * Fine Sir jfohn. PUBLISHERS. . to perform a promise to the utmost . and this is still the way to win love and glory in the nineteenth. . upon receipt ofprice.' and thts volume is so handsome. NEW YORK. with an Introduction. One Volume Crown 8vo. . modesty. by WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY ALFRED KAPPES. . to reverence all women . that it is a pleasure to look it over.— SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. cannot but occur to you that somehow it seems harder to be a good knight nowadays than it was then. . Extra Cloth - - - $3. to maintain right and honesty to help the weak to treat high and low with courtesy to be constant to one love to be fair to a bitter foe . To speak the very truth . " That hoy will be Incky who gets Mr. it .

by SIDNEY LANIER. prepaid. Extra Cloth Mr.00. He will have something of the feeling with which. of Merlin. Lanier says in his Preface. of Sir Galahad. under the title of BOY'S KING ARTHUR. of Queen Guenever.' " *** J'hr sale by all booksellers. called the * Saint Graal. — Detroit " The hook is romantic^ poetfcal^ and full of the Teal adventure •which is so much -mor^ wholesome than the sham luhich Jills so much of the stimulating juvenile literature of the day. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. upon receipt of price. Edited.'* Free Press. Publishers. of Sir Tristram. at their first writing.SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. as mere names encountered in poetry and scattered legends. as Mr. $3. However familiar the Arthurian heroes may be to him. One Volume 8vo. or ivill be sent. not one boy in ten thousand will be prepared for the endless fascination of the great stories in their original shape and vigor of language. the "fascinated world read of Sir Lancelot du Lake. . of Queen Isolde. Sidney Lanier. Being Sir THOMAS MALOEY'S his History of King Arthur and Enights of the Bound Table. and of the wonderful search for the Holy Cup. with an Introduction. NEW YORK. WITH 12 ILLUSTRATIONS BY ALFRED KAPPES. THE BOY'S KING ARTHUR. has given the FROISSART a companion which perhaps even surpasses it. of Sir Gawaine. of the Lady of the Lake. by THE Charles Scribner's sons.

or will be sent.'" THE Edited. This series is to receive still further and very important accessions hereafter. Clothf BOY'S MABINOGION. Extra The series of Boys' classics of History and Legend. which Mr. has an important addition this year in the BOY'S MABINOGION. upon receipt ofprice. . WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY ALFRED FREDERICKS. by SIDNEY LANIER. Sidney Lanier has begun so auspiciously with his BOY'S FROISSART and BOY'S KING ARTHUR. *^*For sale by all booksellers. with an Introduction. by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS. 743 and 74S BROADWAY. A NEW BOOK OF LEGENDS. $3. NEW YORK. a companion to the lastnamed volume.00 One Volume Croton Svo.SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. postpaid. being the Welsh legends of King Arthur and his knights. PUBLISHERS. A COMPANION VOLUME TO THE "BOVS FROISSART" AND THE " BOVS KING ARTHUR.

A New Edition at Reduced Price. I believe in old friends. and it is the young people whom The somewhatinvites to the feast which he has prepared for them. straightforward English. By G. In short. with good.fS5 I'he long sil'ence of this favorite author is at length broken.SCJiIBN£SS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. WITH NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS." now — — ^^For sale by all booksellers ^ or will be sent ^prepaid. DONALD ETC. 12nio. and age is hardly cause enough. written in good. upon receipt of price by ^ Charles Scribner's Sons. AND WHAT STORIES THEY TOLD. old-fashioned stories which were current forty years ago. which is addressed to "Grown-up People." Mr." ETC. In the Preface. "In the matter of books. OF HOW AND WHEN THEY LIVED. MITCHELL. 743 and 74s BROADWAY. ABOUT OLD STORY-TELLERS.. One Vol. Mitchell very charmhe ingly says. and don't think they should be laid away upon the shelf without good cause . NEW YORK. and some of them maybe a hundred years ago. AUTHOR OF "THE REVERIES OF A BACHELOR. quaint title of the book faithfully indicates its contents. Publishers. as in the world.. . straightforward intent. $t. I must confess a lurking fondness for those good.

PUBLISHERS. NEW YORK. i2mo. own age. and so are many of the characters they fall in with. have unusual merit. and are exactly in keeping with the text they illustrate.SO Mr. Price. Kelly. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. V Por sale by all booksellers. Extra Cloth. who maJce a vacation trip to Florida. Stockton.SCRI3NERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. A Jolly FelloTTship. Author of judder One vol. and the league which they make is the "jolly fellowship. "A Jolly Fellowship" is the story of the adventures of two school-boys. get into all sorts of scrapes.nge. Sl. prepaid. Stockton has given so many proofs of his poxrers to interest and amuse young new book from fail of people. who Some of their experiences are very funny. Frank R. by Mr." They have a good n:iany adventures. Gfra. or will be sent. The pictures. . by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS. upon receipt of price. and have a good time generally. They form a fast friendship with a their young is girl of traveling there with her parents. that a his pen will not a hearty welcome.

S0 Quarto. at a price to command a popular \ ^^For sale by: all booksellers^ or will be sent ^ prepaid^ upon receipt of price by ^ CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS. nearly 200 illttatrationa.. sale. PUBLISHERS. It is re-issued in a nev^r *' Roundabout Rambles" has been for some time out and attractive style. FRANK to R. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. 350 pageaf $1. Price reduced from $3»00 This companion vQlume to the of print. STOCKTON. Boards." TALES OUT OF SCHOOL. NEW YORK. with Mandsome lAtJiographed Cover. . Uniform with " Moundabout Gambles. By One Vol.SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. A NEW EDITION.

which goes straight to the heart o* every reader.SHERS. Cloth. or will be sent^ prepaid. " For children. or.ES SCRIBNER'S SONS. and a healthy vigor. A STORY OF LIFE IN HOLLAND. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. BRINKER." Author of " Rhymes and Jingles. HANS THE upon receipt of price^ by C'HART. THE SILVER SKATES. is one of those stories which is destined to be a source of perennial delight to generation after generation of children. and told with sweet simplicity and great beauty. of which we are now given a new and This is one of the most ^charming of juvenile stories. Nicholas. Hans Brinker fresh scenes what could be better as a Christmas gift than a copy of Mrs. 12mo." beautiful edition ? and a — GREGATIONALIST. Or. the Silver Skates. A NEW ILLUSTRATED EDITION OF HANS BRINKER. . and it is marked through' out by a vivacity. PUBf J. Dodge's or. NEW YORK . One Volume.S0." and Editor of " WITH TWELVE FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS.SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. MARY MAPES DODGE. whether he be old or young. *^* For sale by all booksellers. SILVER SKATES. St. a country which changes so little that a story of people who lived there twenty years ago might be told of to-day as well . dealing with Con strange life. It tells of life in Holland. bevelled edges $1. a freshness. By Mrs.

Mr. Itoundabout Rambles and Tales out of School.. upon receipt of price. Stockton. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. - - - - - $2." and several equally good Fairy Tales.A New Book by Frank R.^^' THE KINGDOM OF NASSIMIA AFLOAT. Qtiarto. which are tions in an attractive style. Extra Cloth.60 WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY BENSELL AND OTHERS. ^." Aristocrats Sailed Away. . PUBLISHERS. "How ^i^For sale by all booksellers^ or will be sent^ prepaid. Stockton's name alone is enough to make the announcement of his new collec- tion of stories bring a smile of glad anticipation to the faces of those who have laughed over his Judder Grange and tTolly Fellotvshipf and remember those excellent books. THE FLOATING PRINCE AND OTHER FAIRY TALES. NEW YORK. nov^r reissued in new edi- the With "The Floating Prince" are published "The Reformed Pirate. One Tol. all of which are illustrated in the most captivating style. by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS.

ROUNDABOUT RAMBLES IS LANDS or FAOT AND IIOTION. . at a *^For sale by all booksellers^ or will he sent^ prepaid^ upon receipt ofprice ^ by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS. STOCKTON. 370 pages^ illustrations. leads the publishers to re-issue Mr. FRANK 300 R. Boards. NEW YORK.SO Quarto. which has already exhausted it in a new and attractive form. PUBLISHERS. New Editions of Old Favorites. Price reduced from $3.SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS..00 to The constant demand two reduced price. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. Stockton's popular book. By One Vol. $t. with very attractive Idthographed Cover. for large editions.

" or "Hans Bririker. N. Y. through as the Long Island shore whereon its " The book is enlivened with a racy and genuine humor.00 Mr. moreover." There is abundant opportunity for boy-heroism and manly adventure in the nautical expeditions of Dab and his friends. liveliness.00 Dab Kinzer is one of the delightful tales that worthily takes rank with "Phaeton Rogers. PUBLISHERS." American Rural Home. STODDARD. ** In a literary point of view. " of Uniform with *' Dab Kini^er/' THE QUARTET.. . and entertainment. that he has published a sequel to that -story which gives Dab a good education and a wife. Journal. WILLIAM - O. _ _ 330 pages. NEW YORK. — Home DAB KINZER. "One of the most day. It is." Philadelphia Press. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. $1. - 330 pages. we are inclined to rank this book among the first of its kind * * * A father who wants his boy to grow up in a manly way. attractive narratives for lads that has been written in breezy and natural. Ifdmo." Philadelphia North American. and the triumphs and achievements as well as the trials and tribulations of boy-life furnish ample diversity of plot and incident. whether at home." Christian Intelligencer.. STODDARD. or out fishing. Stoddard's Dab Kinzer proved so popular." "A Jolly Fellowship. By One Vol. Dab Kinzer will be voted a good fellow. A really good story for boys is a good story for anybody and everybody. and in every way is just the thing for boys. -' CRIXIOAIi NOTIC£:S. It is full of fun.— — — — — — many a SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. It is clean. . and is one of those thoroughly excellent bits of juvenile literature which now and then crop out from the surface of a mass common-place. all Just such is furnished in the volume before us." Portland Press. ^i^For sale by all booksellers^ or will be sent^ prepaid^ upon receipt ofprice^ by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS. " It fairly brims over with humor. at school. BOY. WILLIAM - O. may find in such hooks something to help him amazingly. - $1. 12nio. A STORY OF A GROV/ING By One Vol. notably healthy in tone. both as a serial and in book form." Davenport Gazette. '* It is written in that peculiarly happy vein which enchants while it instructs. A SEQUEL TO DAB KINZER. Nothing in juvenile literature can excel the healthful manly quality of these stories. and it is as breezy Dab Kinzer lived.

'3 DICK SANDS. It is a worthy subject for the most ambitious work of such a writer. The Courier of the Czar. II.50 per Volutne. M. • These volumes contain all the illustrations of the French edition. .'" " The Prince of — London Times. Minutes. THE DEMON OF CAWNPORE. Jules Verne has set himself to tell the story of all the stirring adventures of which have any written record. MICHAEL STROGOFF or. to give the history. i2mo'. surrounded by the densest of outer darkness. THE EXPLORATION OF THE WORLD. PUBLISHED BY CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS. The following works of M. One . and a Journey Around it. One vol. by arrangement with Messrs. and when the Carthagenian navigators ventured timidly out of the Mediterranean. Twenty .. and are the only complete and authorized books of M. Hetzel & Co. umo THE MYSTERIOUS ISLAND. is to gain an altogether new idea of the daring and skill that has been expended in this one direction. 8vo A FLOATING CITY AND THE BLOCKADE RUNNERS. . One vol. JULES VERNE'S GREATEST WORK. In short." of those voyages of exploration and discovery which are among the most thrilling episodes in the history of human enterprise. . 8vo STORIES OF ADVENTURE. "FAMOUS TRAVELS" Story-tellers. M. atlases. most we — "from the time worth reading. each in one volume complete in itselfi I. Verne's works in the original French edition. The work includes three divisions. One vol. Jules Verne are published by Messrs. ing by many in the series is very fully illustrated with full-page engravings by French and the volume of is made still more interestfac-similes from the original prints in old voyages. — FAMOUS TRAVELS AND TRAVELLERS. izmo. Being Part Second of THE STEAM HOUSE. III. One One i2mo TIGERS AND TRAITORS. Verne has chosen for his most important book the only subject which he could make surpass his own vivid and realistic stories in absorbing interest : to the treatment of such material he brings all the dash and vivid picturesqueness of his own creations. . The plan of the work is so valuable that it is a matter for surprise that £uch a history has never been undertaken before. and it may be imagined that he makes a book In this chief of his works. with 150 illustrations. Price reduced to Being Part First of THE STEAM vol.^ in accordance with the right ceded to them by MM. THE COMPLETE AND AUTHORIZED EDITIONS. 8vo A JOURNEY TO THE CENTRE OF THE EARTH. Three Volumes 8vo Extra Clothf with 100 Full-page Engravings in each. 8vo . HECTOR SERVADAC. vol. One vol. Price. . of Hanno and Herodotus dow^n to that of Livingstone and Stanley. To trace connectedly the progress of discovery. One vol. The complete work in one volume. Each volume artists of note. THE EXPLORERS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. Onevol. of London. i2mo FROM THE EARTH TO THE MOON Direct in Ninety-seven Hours. Charles Scribner's Sons.vas a very small circle indeed.SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. Sampson Low & Co. THE GREAT NAVIGATORS. Verne does. as M. Jules Verne published in this country. from the time vvhen the w^orld i. etc. $3. the publishers of M. vol. THE WORKS OF JULES VERNE. HOUSE.

. ^•i^For sale by all booksellers ^ or will be sent.SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. discover the name of their author. with additions and Small Quarto. and her many songs and brief-rhymed stories have been among the most popular writings of their kind ever published in America.people's Her "Hans Brinker " in but one of the best of living writers for children. and some of them have been pronounced '* without rivals in our language. which have had the free range of the newspaper press for many years. A Charming New Volume for Crirls and Boys. JINGLES. -upon receipt ofprice. '* Rhymes and Jingles " are not written about children but for them. Cloth. JEditlon.50 is not only one of the best editors of young. are now^ brought together for the first time. prose. In the present volume the child-poems by her. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. RHYMES AND A New One Vol. for the first time. Thousands of children who have learned not a few of these verses by heart will now. Publishers. Mrs. by Charles scribner's Sons. New Illustrations. NEW YORK. MARY MAPES DODGE literature. prepaid." Every child should have a copy of these witty and beautiful verses. $1. .

w^ith a manly and healthful the country. military company. and v/ill go straight camp in the woods.'* the game. New - - $1. W. - 12mo. The illustrations by Moran. by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS. during the early rush to the mines. and the finding of hidden treasure with in which are faithfully portrayed the characteristic features of It is a capital story. and other artists. 12-rno. By One Vol. give additional attractiveness to the book._^^For sale by all booksellers. L. By One Vol. the scenes and incidents drawn from life. NOAH BROOKS. NEW YORK. _ _ Handsomely bound. Sheppard. Although it is by no means exclusively devoted to the chronicles of matches with the "White Bears.00 Like Mr.S0 others. American boys' life in tone. WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY THOMAS MORAN.. upon receipt ofprice. it is a story of American boys. cloth.. and The Boy Emigrants Since the author are is a story of the adventures of a party of young gold seekers on the Overland Emigrant Route. was himself an emigrant of this description. Brooks's JBoy Emigrants. prepaid. this treats of a base-ball club. SHEPPARD. PUBLISHERS. to a boy's heart. and in California. NOAH BROOKS. Edition. or will be sent.. for Boys. Noah Brooks' Books THE FAIRPORT NINE. their But they also have their Fourth of July frolic. The Fairport Nine have and the description their closely contested will bring vividly before every lover of that manly sport similar scenes in which he has shared. THE BOY EMIGRANTS. .SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. their many boyish episodes. and the book may be accepted as a fresh and vivid picture of life on the Plains and in the mines from an entirely novel point of view. it reproduces in a graphic and manner the wonderful and exceptional phases of the life of which it treats. $1. While the story spirited is not designed to be a history. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. *.

743 and 745 BROADWAY. — EPOCHS OF MODERN HISTORY. PUBLISHERS.. THE AGE OF ELIZABETH. THE MACEDONIAN EMPIRE.00 per $t. BAYARD TAYLOR'S LIBRARY OF TRAVEL.00 *i^*For sale by all booksellers or will be sent prepaid. The First Series Comprises /llus.j EPOCHS OF ANCIENT HISTORY. in sets of 20 vols. upon receipt ofprice. THE LAKE REGIONS OF CENTRAL AFRICA. of $1. THE THIRTY YEARS' WAR. STANDARD BOOKS FOR YOUNG PEOPLE. mwn/y ^Ulusi rations. ivith a racTc. at the rate ILLUSTRATED LIBRARY OF WONDERS. Price per set. By Guillemin WONDERS OF HEAT OPTICAL WONDERFUL ESCAPES BODILY STRENGTH AND SKILL WONDERS WONDERS OF ACOUSTICS THE HEAVENS . cloth.OO vol. THE EARLY PLANTAGENETS. NEW YORK- ." The Nation. THE GREEKS AND THE PERSIANS. THE BEGINNING OF THE MIDDLE AGES. THE GRACCHI MARIUS AND SULLA. JEach volume complete in itself. TRAVELS IN ARABIA. cloth. TRAVELS IN SOUTH AFRICA. HISTORY. in a box. THE FALL OF THE STUARTS. THE ERA OF PROTESTANT REVOLUTION. The same. Illus.00 EPOCHS OF HISTORY. SCRIBNEJiS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. THE EARLY EMPIRE. gilt top. A New 6 Tola. ROME AND CARTHAGE.. THE ROMAN TRIUMVIRATES.. Sjuare 1 imo.25 35.25 per volume.300 YEARS AGO THE SUN. THE PURITAN REVOLUTION.. Edition at Reduced Price. THE LAND OF THE WHITE $6. ---___ ELEPHANT. Moxburffh binding. by . with Maps. 26 70 30 22 40 58 93 71 THE HUMAN BODY THE SUBLIME IN NATURE INTELLIGENCE OF ANIMALS THUNDER AND LIGHTNING BOTTOM OF THE SEA ITALIAN ART EUROPEAN ART '. THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE. THE NORMANS IN EUROPE. Handsomely ound JAPAN IN OUR DAY. with. AGE OF ANNE.. no 48 ARCHITECTURE GLASS-MAKING WONDERS OF POMPEII 43 44 54 39 63 28 40 60 63 22 Price per single vol. THE AGE OF THE ANTONINES. The same in sets. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND FIRST EMPIRE. CENTRAL ASIA. 1618-1648. TRAVEL. FREDERICK THE GREAT AND THE SEVEN YEARS' WAR. and sold separately vol. THE HOUSES OF LANCASTER & YORK. CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS. SIAM. $1. THE CRUSADES. SCIENCE AND ART. or sold separately at $1. " These volumes contain the ripe results o/the studies of men who are authorities in their re~ spective yields. IGrno. : BALLOON ASCENTS GREAT HUNTS EGYPT 3. Price per in cloth. *^* ILach one vol. TROY. EARLY ROME.

Square 12m. *#*^i?r sale by all booksellers^ or will be sent prepaid^ upon receipt ofprice ^ by Charles scribner's Sons. ROSSITER JOHNSON.SCRIBNERS' BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS. Jimmy Redmond. the learned boy. A Novel of Boy Life. NEW YORK. . By One Vol. Other characters contribute their share — Isaac^ Holman. Publishers.S0 The action in this capital story grows mainly out of the hero's inventive faculty. Illustrated. brother of the hero. the poetical boy.. and Ned Rogers. 743 and 745 BROADWAY. as well as in quieter and more useful mechanical problems. which manifests itself in horizontal balloon ascensions and artificial comets. the impulsive and blundering boy. Sam. PHAETON ROGERS.dsoni. $1.o.ely hound.