LONG JUMP

Edwardo Hutajulu 11th Grade of Science Program Senior High School Pyshic, Sport, and Health Education

and agility in an attempt to leap as far from the take-off point as possible.Long Jump was an athletic event in sport.May God will and always bless us. May what i have done will be useful for us to know deeper about long jump. strength. Edo 2|Page . for all of Thy blessing that He had gave to us.Foreword Back we give thanks to our God. The long jump is an athletics (track and field) event in which athletes combine speed. so that i could finish this exam.

........Table of Contents FOREWORD.......................................................................................3 PREFACE....................................................................................................................................... Action In The Air and Landing.... The Last Two Strides .....................................................4 HISTORY..............................6 B...............6 D.........................................................................................................7 WORLD RECORD PROGRESSION.................................................................................................................................................................................7 E...........................................................14 LONG JUMP ON COINAGE......................................................................................................................16 3|Page .15 ENDING............................................. Training.............................................................................6 A.................................................................................. The Approach.........................................................................................................................................................2 TABLE OF CONTENTS ........................... Take-off ........9 TOP TEN PERFORMERS.....................6 C............................................................................................5 EXPLANATION...................................................11 BEST YEAR PERFORMANCE..................................................................................................................................................................................................................12 NATIONAL RECORDS.....................................................................................................................

95 m (29.0 m/s. leapt 8. The long jump is notable for two of the longest-standing world records in any track and field event. Otherwise.95 m (29. Lewis himself jumped 8.349 feet.90 meters (29 feet. a layer of plasticine is placed immediately after the board to detect this occurrence. or approach. each competitor has a set number of attempts to make his or her longest jump. It is standard practice to allow one more competitor than the number of scoring positions to return to the final round.5 ft by Mike Powell himself. as they do not have any priority to those scored in the trial round. but were not validated since there was either no reliable wind speed measurement available. and a high leap off the board are the fundamentals of success. Speed in the run-up. setting the current men's world record. Later. and only the longest legal jump counts towards the results. In competitions containing a final round.4 ft by Ivan Pedroso). At the elite level. and agility in an attempt to leap as far from the take-off point as possible. On August 30 of that year. Mike Powell of the United States.91m just before Powell's record-breaking jump with the wind exceeding the maximum allowed.53 m (24. Usually.Preface The long jump is an athletics (track and field) event in which athletes combine speed. For example. if a given meet allows the top eight competitors to score points. The number of competitors chosen to return to the final round is determined before the start of the meet by a committee composed of coaches and officials. 2-1/2 inches) at the 1968 Summer Olympics at an altitude of 7. in a well-known show down against Carl Lewis. this jump remains the longest never to win Olympic or World Championship gold.7 ft) in Leningrad in 1988. Jesse Owens set a long jump world record that was not broken until 1960 by Ralph Boston. 4|Page . Final rounds are viewed as an additional three jumps. Because speed is such an important factor of the approach. The current world record for women is held by Galina Chistyakova of the former Soviet Union who leapt 7. then the top nine competitors will be selected to compete in the final round.4 ft) have been officially recorded (8. Taking an extra competitor to the final round helps to allow that athlete to move into a scoring position if the competitor can improve on his or her best mark of the competition. strength. takeoff and action in the air. 8. The competitor with the longest legal jump at the end of competition is declared the winner. and landing. the last two strides. Some jumps over 8. The distance traveled by a jumper is often referred to as the "mark" . Higher level competitions are split into two rounds: trials and finals. a jump not exceeded until 1991. or because wind speed exceeded 2.Competitors sprint down a runway and jump as far as they can from behind a foul line into a pit filled with finely ground gravel or sand. however. Bob Beamon jumped 8. it is not surprising that many long jumpers also compete successfully in sprints. the distance measured will always be from the foul line. There are four main components of the long jump: the approach run.4 ft) at the World Championships in Tokyo.If the competitor starts the leap with any part of the foot past the foul line. an official will observe the jump and make the determination.99 m/29. Therefore. In 1935. The competitor can initiate the jump from any point behind the foul line. it is in the best interest of the competitor to get as close to the foul line as possible.96 m/29. the jump is declared illegal and no distance is recorded. only a select number of competitors are invited to return for further competition.

In 1914.05 meters (23 feet and 1. halteres were held throughout the duration of the jump. It Halteres used in athletic games in ancient is commonly believed that the jumper would throw Greece. the weights behind him in mid-air to increase his forward momentum. it was not until 1928 that women were allowed to compete in the event at the Olympic level. which were called halteres.7 inches). however. These weights were swung forward as the athlete jumped in order to increase momentum. However. The long jump has been part of modern Olympic competition since the inception of the Games in 1896. who in the 656BC Olympics staged a jump of 7. increasing his distance.History The long jump was one of the events of the original Olympics in Ancient Greece. Most notable in the ancient sport was a man called Chionis. The athletes carried a weight in each hand. Dr. Swinging them down and back at the end of the jump would change the athlete's center of gravity and allow the athlete to stretch his legs outward. Harry Eaton Stewart recommended the "running broad jump" as a standardized track and field event for women. 5|Page .

and conditioning level. The greater the speed at takeoff. Jumpers must be conscious to place the foot flat on the ground. Jumping off the toes decreases stability.both the speed and angle. therefore. Takeoff The objective of the takeoff is to create a vertical impulse through the athlete's center of gravity while maintaining balance and control. The approach The objective of the approach is to gradually accelerate to a maximum controlled speed at takeoff. B. while at the elite level they are closer to between 20 and 22 strides. This phase is one of the most technical parts of the long jump. Inconsistent approaches are a common problem in the event. The last two strides are extremely important because they determine the velocity with which the competitor will enter the jump. Consistency in the approach is important as it is the competitor's objective to get as close to the front of the takeoff board as possible without crossing the line with any part of the foot. which decreases velocity and strains the joints. While concentrating on foot placement. The last two strides The objective of the last two strides is to prepare the body for takeoff while conserving as much speed as possible. The exact distance and number of strides in an approach depends on the jumper's experience. Elite jumpers usually leave the ground at an angle of twenty degrees or less. it is more beneficial for a jumper to focus on the speed component of the jump. the athlete must also work to maintain 6|Page . The most important factor for the distance traveled by an object is its velocity at takeoff . the longer the trajectory of the center of mass will be. C. Approaches can vary between 12 and 19 strides on the novice and intermediate levels. The final stride is shorter because the body is beginning to raise the center of gravity in preparation for takeoff. The competitor begins to lower his or her center of gravity to prepare the body for the vertical impulse. The length of the approach is usually consistent distance for an athlete. because jumping off either the heels or the toes negatively affects the jump. sprinting technique. As a result the approach is usually practiced by athletes about 6-8 times per jumping session (see Training below). The importance of a takeoff speed is a factor in the success of sprinters in this event.EXPLANATION A. putting the leg at risk of buckling or collapsing from underneath the jumper. The penultimate (second to last) stride is longer than the last stride. Taking off from the board heel-first has a braking effect.

Very similar to the sprint style. This produces a high hip height and a large vertical impulse. However. rather than remaining at a bent position. but are not limited to. it can be argued that certain techniques influence an athlete's landing. a lower distance will be measured. double-arm style. which can have an impact on distance measured. there is nothing that the athlete can do to change the direction they are travelling and consequently where they are going to land in the pit. This is a classic single-arm action that resembles a jumper in full stride. 7|Page . Action in the air and landing There are three major flight techniques for the long jump: the hang. Power sprint or bounding The power sprint takeoff. E. However. Each technique is to combat the forward rotation experienced from take-off but is basically down to preference from the athlete. There are four main styles of takeoff: the kick style. those listed below. sprint takeoff. For example. 2. the sail and the hitch-kick. D. Training The long jump generally requires training in a variety of areas.proper body position. The arm that pushes back on takeoff (the arm on the side of the takeoff leg) fully extends backward. is arguably one of the most effective styles. Kick The kick style takeoff is a style of takeoff where the athlete actively cycles the leg before a full impulse has been directed into the board then landing into the pit. if an athlete lands feet first but falls back because they are not correctly balanced. These areas include. 1. Sprint The sprint takeoff is the style most widely instructed by coaching staff. 3. and the power sprint or bounding takeoff. the body resembles a sprinter in full stride. The "correct" style of takeoff will vary from athlete to athlete. keeping the torso upright and moving the hips forward and up to achieve the maximum distance from board contact to foot release. 4. This additional extension increases the impulse at takeoff. Double-arm The double-arm style of takeoff works by moving both arms in a vertical direction as the competitor takes off. It is important to note that once the body is airborne. or bounding takeoff. there is one major difference. It is an efficient takeoff style for maintaining velocity through takeoff.

It is customary for a long jumper to weight train up to 4 times a week. 6. and jumping endurance and strength. 4. which is required in competitions where the athlete is sprinting down the runway 3-6 times. Technically. Some athletes perform Olympic lifts in training.1. bounding is part of plyometrics. This allows an athlete to work on agility and explosiveness. Over-distance running Over-distance running workouts helps the athlete jump a further distance than their set goal. This is great for building sprint endurance. Specific over-distance running workouts are performed 1-2 times a week. 3. focusing mainly on quick movements involving the legs and trunk. Bounding Bounding is any sort of continuous jumping or leaping. Training styles. can be incorporated into workouts. fluidity. A common tool in many long jump workouts is the use of video taping. Plyometrics Plyometrics. 8|Page . Athletes use low repetition and emphasize speed to maximize the strength increase while minimizing adding additional weight to their frame. and intensity varies immensely from athlete to athlete and is based on the experience and strength of the athlete as well as on their coaching style. or some variation of the two. which can be important for high impact events such as the long jump. duration. Weight training During pre-season training and early in the competition season weight training tends to play a major role. Flexibility Flexibility is an often forgotten tool for long jumpers. double-leg bounding. The focus of bounding drills is usually to spend less time on the ground as possible and working on technical accuracy. 2. including running up and down stairs and hurdle bounding. Effective flexibility prevents injury. generally twice a week. as a form of a running exercise such as high knees and butt kicks. Approaches. or runthroughs. This is specifically concentrated in the season when athletes are working on building endurance. having a 100m runner practice by running 200m repeats on a track. For example. Jumping Long Jumpers tend to practice jumping 1-2 times a week. Bounding drills usually require single leg bounding. It also helps the athlete sprint down the runway. are repeated sometimes up to 6-8 times per session. 5. This lets the athlete to go back and watch their own progress as well as letting the athlete compare their own footage to that of some of the world class jumpers.

28 8.31 8.90 ATHLETE Peter O'Connor (IRL)* Edward Gourdin (USA) Robert LeGendre (USA) William DeHart Hubbard (USA) Edward Hamm (USA) Sylvio Cator (HAI) Chuhei Nambu (JPN) Jesse Owens (USA) Ralph Boston (USA) Ralph Boston (USA) Ralph Boston (USA) Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Ralph Boston (USA) Ralph Boston (USA) Ralph Boston (USA) Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Bob Beamon (USA) VENUE Dublin Cambridge Paris Chicago Cambridge Paris Tokyo Ann Arbor Walnut Modesto Moscow Yerevan Kingston Los Angeles Modesto Mexico City Mexico City DATE 1901-08-05 1923-07-23 1924-07-07 1925-06-13 1928-07-07 1928-09-09 1931-10-27 1935-05-25 1960-08-12 1961-05-27 1961-07-16 1962-06-10 1964-08-15 1964-09-12 1965-05-29 1967-10-19 1968-10-18 9|Page .24 8.13 8.World Record Progression Men World record progression for the Long Jump MARK 7.21 8.35 8.76 7.69 7.89 7.31 8.35 8.98 8.61 7.90 7.93 7.34 8.

98 6.84 6.25 6.76 6.45 7.09 7.40 6.82 6.95 Mike Powell (USA) Tokyo 1991-08-30 *Ireland in 1901 was still part of the United Kingdom.53 6.35 6.99 7.44 7.07 7.45 7.48 6. Women MARK 5.20 7.12 6.8.45 7.92 6.31 6. however O'Connor considered himself Irish and was competing on this occasion as a member of the Irish Amateur Athletic Association.35 6.28 6.43 7.21 7.70 6.52 ATHLETE Kinue Hitomi (JPN) Christel Schultz (Germany) Francina BlankersKoen (NED) Yvette Williams (NZL) Galina Vinogradova (URS) Galina Vinogradova (URS) Elzbieta Krzesinska (POL) Elzbieta Krzesinska (POL) Hildrun Claus (GDR) Hildrun Claus (GDR) Tatjana Shtshelkanova (URS) Tatjana Shtshelkanova (URS) Tatjana Shtshelkanova (URS) Mary Rand (GBR) Viorica Viscopoleanu (ROU) Heide Rosendahl (FRG) Angela Voigt (GDR) Siegrun Siegl (GDR) Vilma Bardauskienė (URS) Vilma Bardauskienė (URS) Valy Ionescu (ROU) Anişoara Cuşmir (ROU) Anişoara Cuşmir (ROU) Heike Drechsler (GDR) Heike Drechsler (GDR) Heike Drechsler (GDR) Jackie Joyner-Kersee (USA) Galina Chistyakova (URS) VENUE Osaka Berlin Leiden Gisborne Moscow Tbilisi Budapest Melbourne Erfurt Berlin Moscow Leipzig Moscow Tokyo Mexico City Turin Dresden Dresden Kishinyov Prague Bucharest Bucharest Bucharest Berlin Tallinn Dresden Dresden Leningrad DATE 1928-05-20 1939-07-30 1943-09-19 1954-02-20 1955-09-11 1955-11-18 1956-08-20 1956-11-27 1960-08-07 1961-06-23 1961-07-16 1962-06-10 1964-07-04 1964-10-14 1968-10-14 1970-09-03 1976-05-09 1976-07-26 1978-08-18 1978-08-29 1982-08-01 1983-05-15 1983-06-04 1985-09-22 1986-06-21 1986-07-03 1987-08-13 1988-06-11 10 | P a g e . In the source above he is listed as "GBI/IRL".42 6.28 6.

3 1. 1998 1.4 1.48 7. (metres/second) A = Altitude (above 1000 metres) Women Mark* Wind** 7.95 0. 1983 June 23.0 -0. 2007 (meters). 2008 July 18. (meters/second) 11 | P a g e . 2009 May 24.31 7.0 0. 2009.74 8.1985 August 12. 1994 June 7.5 -0.1 ** (meters).90A 8. Men Mark* Wind** Athlete 8.43 7.73 8. 2004 September 12. 1988 May 22.3 Mike Powell 8.49 7.86A 8. 1987 Indianapolis El Paso Eugene Hengelo Salamanca Kalamáta July 18.Top Ten Performers Accurate as of September 2.42 7.2 1. 1991 October 18.31 * Athlete Galina Chistyakova Jackie Joyner-Kersee Heike Drechsler Anişoara Cuşmir Tatyana Kotova Yelena Belevskaya Inessa Kravets Tatyana Lebedeva Yelena Khlopotnova Marion Jones Nationality Soviet Union United States East Germany Romania Russia Soviet Union Ukraine Russia Soviet Union United States Venue Leningrad New York Neubrandenburg Bucharest Annecy Bryansk Kiev Tula Alma Ata Zürich Date June 11.74A 8.2 1.5 N/A 0. 1991 Tsakhkadzor May 22. 1992 July 31.39 7.74 8.52 7.87 8. 2002 July 18.4 2.37 7.9 1. 1988 June 4. 1988 April 2.4 1.33 7.4 2. 1995 June 2.2 1.66 * 2.2 1.9 1. 1987 June 13. 1968 August 30.71 8. 1994 July 9.6 ** Bob Beamon Carl Lewis Robert Emmiyan Larry Myricks Erick Walder Dwight Phillips Irving Saladino Iván Pedroso Loúis Tsátoumas Nationality United States United States United States Soviet Union United States United States United States Panama Cuba Greece Venue Tokyo Mexico City Tokyo Date August 30.0 -1.

62 8.31 1963 8.90 1969 8.79 8.32 8.35 8.71 8.86 8.21 1961 8.35 1966 8.27 8.71 8.21 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 8.24 8.95 8.34 8.23 8.66 8.34 1965 8.70 8.76 8.45 8.74 8.52 8.70 8.76 8.63 8.30 8.20 1964 8.23 1967 8.54 8.Best Year Performance Men's Seasons Best (Outdoor) YEAR DISTANCE 1960 8.28 1962 8.68 8.62 8.60 ATHLETE Ralph Boston (USA) Ralph Boston (USA) Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Ralph Boston (USA) Ralph Boston (USA) Ralph Boston (USA) Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Bob Beamon (USA) Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Waldemar Stepian (POL) Josef Schwarz (FRG) Norman Tate (USA) Randy Williams (USA) James McAlister (USA) Arnie Robinson (USA) Nenad Stekid (YUG) Arnie Robinson (USA) Nenad Stekid (YUG) Nenad Stekid (YUG) Larry Myricks (USA) Lutz Dombrowski (GDR) Carl Lewis (USA) Carl Lewis (USA) Carl Lewis (USA) Carl Lewis (USA) Carl Lewis (USA) Robert Emmiyan (URS) Robert Emmiyan (URS) Carl Lewis (USA) Larry Myricks (USA) Mike Powell (USA) Mike Powell (USA) Carl Lewis (USA) Mike Powell (USA) Erick Walder (USA) Iván Pedroso (CUB) Erick Walder (USA) Iván Pedroso (CUB) James Beckford (JAM) Iván Pedroso (CUB) PLACE Walnut Moscow Yerevan Modesto Los Angeles Modesto Leselidze Mexico City Mexico City Odessa Chorzów Stuttgart El Paso Munich Westwood Modesto Montreal Montreal Nova Gorica Rovereto Montreal Moscow Sacramento Indianapolis Indianapolis Westwood Brussels Moscow Tsakhkadzor Indianapolis Houston Villeneuve d'Ascq Tokyo Barcelona Salamanca El Paso Salamanca Springfield Padua Bad Langensalza Padua 12 | P a g e .58 8.35 8.61 8.35 1968 8.60 8.

09 2001 7.21 1994 7.48 1993 7.45 1988 7.41 8.44 1986 7.12 ATHLETE Siegrun Siegl (GDR) Vilma Bardauskienė (URS) Brigitte Wujak (GDR) Tatyana Kolpakova (URS) Jodi Anderson (USA) Valy Ionescu (ROU) Anisoara Cusmir (ROU) Heike Drechsler (GDR) Heike Drechsler (GDR) Heike Drechsler (GDR) Jackie Joyner-Kersee (USA) Galina Chistyakova (URS) Galina Chistyakova (URS) Galina Chistyakova (URS) Heike Drechsler (GER) Heike Drechsler (GER) Heike Drechsler (GER) Jackie Joyner-Kersee (USA) Heike Drechsler (GER) Jackie Joyner-Kersee (USA) Lyudmila Galkina (RUS) Marion Jones (USA) Maurren Higa Maggi (BRA) Fiona May (ITA) Tatyana Kotova (RUS) Tatyana Kotova (RUS) Maurren Higa Maggi (BRA) Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) Irina Simagina (RUS) Tatyana Kotova (RUS) Lyudmila Kolchanova (RUS) Naide Gomes (POR) PLACE Dresden Prague Potsdam Moscow Colorado Springs Bucharest Bucharest Dresden Berlin Tallinn Indianapolis Leningrad Volgograd Bratislava Sestriere Lausanne Zürich New York City Linz Atlanta Athens Eugene Bogotá Rio de Janeiro Turin Annecy Milan Tula Sochi Novosibirsk Sochi Monaco 13 | P a g e .96 1982 7.45 1987 7.09 1979 6.52 8.42 2003 7.12 2007 7.56 8.43 1984 7.20 1997 7.07 1996 7.05 1998 7.35 1991 7.49 1995 7.21 2008 7.26 2000 7.52 1989 7.40 1985 7.31 1999 7.60 8.73 Iván Pedroso (CUB) James Beckford (JAM) Savanté Stringfellow (USA) Yago Lamela (ESP) Dwight Phillips (USA) Dwight Phillips (USA) Irving Saladino (PAN) Louis Tsatoumas (GRE) Irving Saladino (PAN) Jena Turin Palo Alto Castellón de la Plana Linz Helsinki Rio de Janeiro Kalamáta Hengelo Women's Seasons Best (Outdoor) YEAR DISTANCE 1976 6.37 1992 7.90 1980 7.04 2006 7.53 8.60 8.66 8.06 1981 6.12 2002 7.99 1978 7.06 2004 7.65 8.33 2005 7.24 1990 7.2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 8.20 1983 7.

86 m 8.37 m 8.62 m 8.50 m 8.48 m 8.71 m 8.40 m 8.40 m 8.30 m 8.33 m 8.46 m 8.56 m 8.49 m 8.47 m 8.40 m 8.43 m 8.30 m 8.41 m 8.28 m ATHLETE Mike Powell Robert Emmiyan Irving Saladino Iván Pedroso Louis Tsatoumas James Beckford Yago Lamela Lutz Dombrowski Godfrey Mokoena Jai Taurima Mohamed Salman AlKhuwalidi Andrew Howe Leonid Voloshin Cheikh Tidiane Touré Nenad Stekid Ignisious Gaisah Salim Sdiri Craig Hepburn Gregor Cankar Lao Jianfeng Douglas de Souza Yahya Berrabah Bogdan Tudor Carlos Calado Sergey Layevskiy Roman Shchurenko Nai Huei-Fang Victor Castillo Ivaylo Mladenov Aleksandr Glovatskiy Hassine Hatem Moursal László Szalma Andreas Steiner Ngonidzashe Makusha Gregory Rutherford Grzegorz Marciniszyn VENUE Tokyo Tsakhkadzor Hengelo Salamanca Kalamata Orlando Turin Moscow Madrid Sydney Sotteville Osaka Tallinn Bad Langensalza Montreal Rome Pierre-Bénite Nassau Celje Zhaoqing Sao Paulo Rabat Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt Lisboa Dnepropetrovsk Kiev Shanghai Cochabamba Seville Sestriere Oslo Budapest Innsbruck Des Moines Berlin Malles DATE 1991-08-30 1987-05-22 2008-05-24 1995-07-18 2007-06-02 1997-04-05 1999-06-24 1980-07-28 2009-07-04 2000-09-28 2006-07-02 2007-08-30 1988-07-05 1997-06-15 1975-07-25 2006-07-14 2009-06-12 1993-06-17 1997-05-18 1997-05-28 1995-02-15 2009-05-23 1995-07-09 1997-06-20 1988-07-16 2000-07-25 1993-05-14 2004-05-30 1995-06-03 1996-08-07 1999-06-30 1985-07-07 1988-06-04 2008-06-12 2009-08-20 2001-07-14 14 | P a g e .35 m 8.36 m 8. 2009.45 m 8.34 m 8.33 m 8.54 m 8.30 m 8.95 m 8.46 m 8.National Records As of September 2.30 m 8.73 m 8.31 m 8.42 m 8.34 m 8.66 m 8.38 m 8. Men NATION USA URS PAN CUB GRE JAM ESP GER RSA AUS KSA ITA RUS SEN YUG GHA FRA BAH SLO CHN BRA MAR ROU POR UKR TWN VEN BUL BLR EGY HUN AUT ZIM GBR POL DISTANCE 8.

08 m Yussuf Alli Gable Garenamotse Milan Mikuláš Sergey Podgainiy Masaki Morinaga Erik Nijs Morten Jensen Stephan Louw Siniša Ergotid Tommi Evilä Mattias Sunneborn Kim Deok Hyeon Erki Nool Mesut Yavaş Lagos Rhede Prague Kishinyov Shizuoka Hechtel Göteborg Germiston Zagreb Göteborg Malmö Beograd Götzis Istanbul 1989-08-08 2006-08-20 1988-07-16 1990-08-18 1992-05-05 1996-07-06 2005-07-03 2008-01-12 2002-06-05 2008-06-28 1996-06-27 2009-07-12 1995-05-27 2000-06-24 Long Jump On Coinage Track and field events have been selected as a main motif in numerous collectors' coins.25 m 8.24 m 8. while the ancient athlete in the background is shown while starting off his jump.21 m 8.27 m 8.20 m 8.NGR BOT CZE MDA JPN BEL DEN NAM CRO FIN SWE KOR EST TUR 8.27 m 8. Long Jump commemorative coin 15 | P a g e .10 m 8.25 m 8.22 m 8. One of the recent samples is the €10 Greek Long Jump commemorative coin. The obverse of the coin portrays a modern athlete at the moment he is touching the ground.25 m 8.25 m 8. minted in 2003 to commemorate the 2004 Summer Olympics. as he is seen on a black-figure vase of the 5th century BC.25 m 8.23 m 8.

16 | P a g e .We will always put our hope in order to wait for people from Indonesia. especially.there will be many people make another achievement especially athetles from Indonesia.May God always bless us. make a new record. in order to make us kno more and deeper about this.ENDING Thus i finish this exam. because i did’nt found any athelte from Indonesia that break the record or make another one.Hopefully.