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Types of OHTL Conductors
(1) (2) (3) (4) AAC ≡ All Aluminum Conductor. AAAC ≡ All Alloy Aluminum Conductor. ACAR ≡ Aluminum Conductor, Alloy Reinforced. ACSR ≡ Aluminum Conductor, Steel Reinforced.

΄Number (4) is the most common type used in OHTL. The conductor normally composed of filaments or strands or lamination and this is to over come the problem corona effect. Corona effect is a partial discharge due to high electric field around OHTL, this phenomena causes power loss and communication interference. As long as radius of conductor increase the electric field increase.

E

r a d iu s

=

V r ln R r
So, as r ↑↑ → E ↑↑

So we decide to divide the conductor to small conductors called Strands or Lamination [in layers]. If N: number of conductors [strands] X: number of layers. Usually the relation between N&X take as followed;

N=3x2-3x+1

If N is given we can used the above relation get X, then we can get the total diameter of cable as

dT = (2x-1) d If N=19 ⇒ 19=3x2-3x+1 ⇒ x=3 ∴ dT = (2x-1) d +5d

2.0 CONDUCTORS
Conductors must be selected with sufficient thermal capability to meet continuous and emergency current ratings.

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