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Research, science and medical papers can be written in different styles, MLA, APA or URM.

Which style to use depends on the requirements of the journal or publication. When writing papers authors and researchers look for ways to communicate their thoughts, ideas, discoveries and findings in a manner that is easy to understand. They need to communicate these ideas and findings in a clear, but concise manner. Different organizations have developed writing styles that allow authors and researchers to standardize how papers are written allowing the ideas be read and easily understood.

Why Different Editorial or Paper Styles?
According to the American Psychological Association's APA Style website, one of the main reasons that the APA formatting was developed was to ensure that scientific writing is uniform and straightforward. "Editorial style consists of a series of rules or guidelines that a publisher observes to ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material used in journal publication." Furthermore, when using a specific editorial style, the spotlight is on the "ideas being presented, not the manner of presentation." The different styles – MLA, APA or URM – provide guidelines for authors so they can properly format a paper. The styles also ensures for uniform use of elements such as selection of headings, punctuation and abbreviations,construction of tables, citation of references and presentation of statistics and other elements that are often included in more formal manuscripts.

MLA or the Modern Language Association style is the one that many high school and college students are familiar with; this is the style of writing often learned to write their papers in English and humanities courses. Science, medical and research journals use different formatting styles than MLA. Some use APA (American Psychological Association) and many of the biomedical journals use URM (Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts) determined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (

MLA Style – Modern Language Association
The MLA (Modern Language Association) style is one of the main style guides used by graduate students, teachers, and scholars in the liberal arts and humanities as well as for professional writers in many fields. According to the MLA's website, "the MLA style has been widely used by schools, academic departments, and instructors for over half a century." MLA guidelines are currently used "by over 1,100 scholarly and literary journals, newsletters, and magazines and by many university and commercial presses." The Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide offers a concise view of MLA, "MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing." More information on how to use the Modern Language Association (MLA) Format can be found at the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) section on MLA and the MLA's website,

APA Style – American Psychological Association
The APA (American Psychological Association) style is the style established by the American Psychological Association for use in all of the books and journals that it publishes. It is the main writing style used by those in the social sciences. According to the APA Style website, "APA Style was first developed 80 years ago by a group of social scientists who wished to establish sound standards of communication."

the topics suitable for that journal. Many of the current major medical journals utilize the ICMJE's URM requirements or some variant of the URM. . "Authors therefore need to become familiar with the Instructions to Authors specific to the journal they have chosen for their manuscript—for example. APA or URM – depending on the type of course being taught and consider adopting the writing style that is reflective of their field of study." URM Style – Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts One of the styles used by many of the medical and biomedical journals the URM or Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. According to the ICMJE's website." They advise that." According to the APA Style website. "Journals that agree to use the Uniform Requirements are encouraged to state in their instructions to authors that their requirements are in accordance with the Uniform Requirements and to cite this version.Details for the APA's style rules and guidelines are in the reference book. the APA style offers "sound guidance for writing with simplicity." Choosing a Writing Style Authors and researchers submitting their papers and manuscripts for publication will need to choose the style that is used by the journal or text being targeted for publication. power and concision. This style of writing was developed and adopted by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors in 1997. Educators developing assignments for their students may want to introduce different writing styles – MLA. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and should be followed by those publications asking authors to submit their papers in the "APA style.