NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE – GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE (GCOM

)

May 2011 No.N2000No. 11-04

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH OF WOMEN

The expected lifespan of a person who is born in a certain year, i. e. 2000, is termed as ‘life expectancy at birth.’ According to the United Nations Population Division, life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Number 4 aims to reduce child mortality while MDG Number 5 aims to improve maternal health. In relation to the MDGs 4 and 5, the life expectancy at birth will be increased by obtaining health gains from reducing child and maternal mortality including reduction of mortality from diseases and external causes of death like injuries, violence, and poisoning.

Females are expected to live longer by 5.53 years than males The life expectancy at birth for females born in the Philippines from the year 2005 to 2010 is 71.64 years. Derived from the 2000 Census-based projections, this projected life expectancy at birth for females is longer by 5.53 than the life expectancy at birth for males which is estimated at 66.11 years. Life expectancy at birth for both females and males in the Philippines is 4.5 years higher than the world’s average of 67.2 years Out of the 194 countries in the United Nations World Population Prospects’ report for 2005 to 2010 (2006 revision), the life expectancy at birth for both females and males in the Philippines was higher by 4.5 years from the world average’s life expectancy at birth of 67.2

years. The highest life expectancy at birth belonged to Japan with 82.6 years while the lowest life expectancy at birth belonged to Swaziland with 39.6 years.
Table 1. Life Expectancy at Birth by Country and by Sex: 2005 to 2010 Life Expectancy at Birth Country Both Sexes Male Female Brunei 77.1 75.0 79.7 Cambodia 59.7 57.3 61.9 East Timor 60.8 60.0 61.7 Indonesia 70.7 68.7 72.7 Laos 64.4 63.0 65.8 Malaysia 74.2 72.0 76.7 Myanmar 62.1 59.0 65.3 Philippines 71.7 69.5 73.9 Singapore 80.0 78.0 81.9 Thailand 70.6 66.5 75.0 Vietnam 74.2 72.3 76.2
Note: Figures are from the 2006 revision of the United Nations’ World Population Prospects report for 2005 to 2010. Only countries/territories with a population of 100,000 or more in 2007 are included in the United Nations’ list.

the lowest (59.81 71.18 5. For males.7 years). IVA.69 5.52 years was in Region III.95 67. Among the 17 regions in the country.74 65. II.84 4. followed by 64.52 74.38 70.43 0.0 years) life expectancy at birth and Cambodia.76 4.37 years. It could be noted that seven regions namely.41 72.53 67.63 66.Life expectancy at birth for both females and males in the Philippines is the 5th highest among Southeast Asian countries’ life expectancies at birth The United Nations’ World Population Prospects report for 2005 to 2010 (2006 revision). the longest life expectancy at birth for females which was 74.29 years while Region XI had the third shortest life expectancy at birth for females which was 69.61 years in Region IX.40 64.91 71.94 69.21 years was in Region III.35 Source: NSO.37 68.23 5.61 years while the third highest life expectancy at birth which was 67.86 71.62 69.35 6.72 6.93 59. and VII have higher life expectancy at birth than the national figure.02 6.000 or more population revealed that the life expectancy at birth for both males and females in the Philippines was the 5th highest among those of the 11 Southeast Asian countries.11 71. The next shortest life expectancy at birth for males was in Region XIII which was 63. I.51 72. Singapore had the highest (80. VI. The second longest life expectancy at birth was found in NCR which was 67.91 years.44 years.91 70. Life expectancy at birth for females is longest in Region I From the data of the 2000 Census-based projections.28 64.21 6.72 years was in Region I.61 5. the longest life expectancy at birth was in Region I which was 68.61 74.39 74.97 6. The shortest life expectancy at birth for males was found in ARMM which was 59.69 67.35 years while the third longest life expectancy at birth which was 74.09 4.46 67.98 66. the life expectancy at birth for males and females differed by region.75 70. which includes 194 countries/territories with 100.11 71.29 5. the shortest life expectancy at birth for females was found in the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) which was 60.94 years.43 years.29 65. III. 2000 Census-based Population Projections.23 65. unpublished .54 4.63 66.37 74.64 5.91 4. On the other hand. Table 2.61 70. Projected Regional Life Expectancy at Birth by Sex and by Number of Years Females will Outlive Males: 2000 Census-based Region Philippines NCR CAR Region I Region II Region III Region IVA Region IVB Region V Region VI Region VII Region VIII Region IX Region X Region XI Region XII ARMM Region XIII 2000 Census-based Male Female Difference 66.57 65.44 60. The second longest life expectancy at birth was found in NCR which was 74. The second shortest life expectancy at birth was in Region XIII which was 69. NCR.15 5.35 66.99 63.

females in ARMM will outlive males by almost one year (0. Females in NCR will outlive men by 6. females born from 2005 to 2010 in NCR will outlive males by the longest number of years which is 6.63 years.74 years. the females will continue to live by 6. the shortest life expectancy at birth for females was in Tawi-tawi with only 57.65 years.53 years’ life expectancy at birth in Sulu while the third shortest life expectancy at birth for females was in Maguindanao with only 61. and males in Maguindanao had 60.29 years and females Region IVB will outlive males by 4. This was followed by the life expectancy at birth in Pampanga with 69. This was followed by 75.11 years and in Batangas with 69.13 years. the longest life expectancy at birth among provinces was in Cebu with 69.75 years’ life expectancy at birth in Batangas while the third longest life expectancy at birth for females was in La Union with 75. Conversely.74 years Among the 17 regions. Males in Tawi-tawi had 56. It means that by the time males will have died.60 years.Life expectancy at birth for females is longest in Ilocos Norte at 75. This was followed by 58.30 years. . In contrast.50 years.63 years.95 years. For males.69 years while females in Region IVA will outlive males by 6.08 years life expectancy at birth.99 year). Females in Region III will outlive males by 6.19 years.95 years Across provinces. Females in Region XI will outlive males by 4.97 years. males in Sulu had 56. the longest life expectancy at birth for females was in Ilocos Norte at 75. The shortest life expectancy at birth for males follows the life expectancy at birth pattern for females among provinces.74 years more.

89 69.29 70. On the contrary. Table 3.47 5.45 74.88 73.53 5.47 5.72 69.87 72.60 73.65 5.36 66.75 68.56 68.22 69.63 5.03 4.99 69.31 72.39 64.83 4.82 64.78 6.69 4.22 58.03 61.75 4.73 66.45 69.86 71.58 4.74 5.49 7.72 74.57 70.43 64.97 64.55 72.09 69.39 5.35 years and females in Tawi-tawi will outlive males by 1.51 Female 75.44 61.56 7.44 61.41 72.55 years and by females in Surigao del Norte who will outlive males by 7.37 69.64 74.84 68.43 72.75 63.46 65.Females in Ilocos Sur will outlive males by 8.05 71.07 5.81 62.71 1.37 years.97 62.91 66.39 66.85 4.53 70.19 Female 71.58 71.82 67.72 6.59 67.24 72.80 71.75 71.93 66.80 4.53 70.94 68.29 5.35 69.30 66.36 5.45 56.60 5.53 6.35 70.77 5.84 63.56 5.54 63.35 5.96 68.35 65.87 66.95 74.68 66.60 72.96 56.61 74.40 5.78 6. It was followed by females in Cavite who will outlive males by 7.32 68.77 66.44 72.14 71.94 67.22 75.35 67.81 71.73 68.30 6.37 6.51 65.02 7.31 5.28 Difference 5.37 5.11 6.90 4.74 6.11 67.24 5.60 Source: NSO.71 67.72 64.11 Difference 6.63 63.57 57.80 66.75 73.40 68.37 years Among provinces.82 5.37 71.77 1.10 65.05 73.08 70.46 67.34 65.52 6.36 69.76 63.56 70.37 years.07 62.84 4.96 62.70 71.43 69.64 4.23 5.00 62.94 64.82 6.40 64.58 68.61 1.75 4.02 6. Females in Lanao del Sur will outlive males by only 0.67 0.40 4.10 5.34 63.48 69.75 67.80 4.19 63.97 5.42 75.33 74.04 64.19 4.18 73.53 72.87 year.90 68.19 70.52 years.50 71.56 69.16 6.18 66.46 66.04 68.99 75.70 71.75 67. Projected Provincial Life Expectancy at Birth by Sex and the Number of Years Females will Outlive Males: 2000 Census-based Region/Province PHILIPPINES NCR Abra Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur Aklan Albay Antique Apayao Aurora Basilan Bataan Batanes Batangas Benguet Biliran Bohol Bukidnon Bulacan Cagayan Camarines Norte Camarines Sur Camiguin Capiz Catanduanes Cavite Cebu Compostela Valley Cotabato Cotabato City Davao Davao del Sur Davao Oriental Eastern Samar Guimaras Ifugao Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur Iloilo Isabela Kalinga Male 66.98 74.74 72.35 4.51 66.86 71.62 69.63 5. the least number of years that females will outlive males was found in three provinces of ARMM.55 5.78 65.98 8.87 5. 2000 Census-based Population Projections in Collaboration with the Inter-Agency Working Group on Population Projections.76 64.10 7.97 6. unpublished .73 71.67 5.58 67.03 69.29 7. Females in Maguindanao will outlive males by 1.42 65.11 68. Province Negros Occidental Negros Oriental Nortern Samar Nueva Ecija Nueva Vizcaya Occidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro Palawan Pampanga Pangasinan Quezon Quirino Rizal Romblon Samar Sarangani Siquijor Sorsogon South Cotabato Southern Leyte Sultan Kudarat Sulu Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur Tarlac Tawi-tawi Zambales Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur Male 68.80 74.47 5.51 65.45 62.61 65.00 66.91 76.31 68.70 68.40 5.24 5.71 5.61 68.06 63.70 62.42 67.09 Region/Province La Union Laguna Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Leyte Maguindanao Marinduque Masbate Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental Mt.30 66.37 66.09 64.06 65. females in Ilocos Sur born from 2005 to 2010 got the highest record who will outlive their counterparts by 8.77 6.84 5.38 5.70 64.17 6.31 4.36 4.82 66.49 6.62 68.65 71.73 60.23 63.10 66.87 4.31 3.88 5.77 5.97 65.87 63.13 66.08 68.17 66.

3 68.4 76.3 76.6 78.8 82.4 81.3 79. Life Expectancy at Birth by Country and by Sex: 2005 to 2010 Life Expectancy at Birth Country World Average Afghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile Colombia Comoros Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt Both Sexes 67.3 72.5 76.6 75.2 76.7 48.6 65.0 71.5 47.1 56.0 43.7 65.7 65.6 72.8 73.6 52.9 76.2 75.3 81.5 65.8 48.5 73.2 49.6 55.3 66.4 72.1 73.8 76.2 76.7 48.0 73.0 69.3 48.6 82.5 47.9 50.3 60.8 75.4 73.4 63.000 or more in 2007 are included in the United Nations list.4 48.7 50.3 75.0 61.2 82.2 59.9 74.5 57.0 76.2 50.3 75.2 78.3 50.9 73.4 71.2 81.1 78.9 76.1 72.5 46.8 79.5 75.7 72.6 Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Moldova Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Palestinian territories Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay People's Republic of China Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of the Congo Reunion Romania Russia Life Expectancy at Birth Both Sexes Male Female 74.2 76.0 78.1 75.8 75.6 64.5 72.0 41.7 77.6 80.2 69.3 49.5 71.1 76.5 50.1 69.5 63.8 76.2 68.1 64.8 75.8 73.4 65.7 71.9 65.2 80.4 81.8 57.7 71.4 77.8 51.9 46.7 53.4 79.0 81.3 Country Male 65.7 80.2 54.0 76.8 76.3 78.6 Note: Figures are from the 2006 revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects report for 2005 to 2010.0 78.1 77.8 74.0 79.5 73.1 72.7 75.3 75.4 72.0 67.0 72.7 74.3 55.1 79.8 72.5 79.0 52.2 60.3 53.5 78.2 74.1 52.9 71.1 83.1 76.2 68.6 64.5 77.0 76.8 67.6 65.9 66.4 71.1 77.2 77.0 54.9 69.5 71.5 69.0 73.5 73.9 56.0 61.1 77.6 79.8 46.0 71.0 73.0 74.3 72.6 72.2 81.3 80.9 63.9 57.3 54.5 54.2 65.5 67.0 72.6 69.8 73.7 78.6 68.0 78.2 63.2 82.1 80.7 50.4 80.6 71.0 78.5 81.3 49.5 43.3 76.9 67.5 65.5 69.Table 4.3 77.3 79.5 75.6 69.4 72.7 75.3 76.0 53.5 68.4 69.8 74.3 69.0 47.7 67.2 79.9 79.3 69.2 71.3 63.0 63.3 43.1 77.0 79.5 61.1 Female 69.4 75.2 60.6 81.3 74.9 74.8 81.5 56.7 78.9 78.1 57. Only countries/territories with a population of 100.5 64.5 71.8 79.1 63.5 65.7 69.1 52.4 70.1 62.6 82.8 78.8 74.8 67.4 42. .5 46.4 69.4 76.7 79.0 52.2 43.3 69.4 56.4 50.7 73.0 75.8 79.4 65.3 76.9 50.7 82.3 79.5 73.7 76.5 76.7 59.3 82.2 71.5 62.5 73.2 72.0 56.5 71.0 74.3 82.2 57.8 70.2 42.9 63.7 78.6 79.6 67.8 75.6 59.6 74.5 71.8 75.3 68.7 76.9 78.9 72.7 76.7 44.7 80.6 74.7 75.4 45.2 78.2 72.6 61.2 76.83 76.6 56.

8 62.9 70.3 52.7 72.9 51.0 76.4 55.0 68.8 82.7 70.4 73.0 74.5 72.1 77.8 79.0 70.6 72.1 64.0 78.2 73.6 82.0 70.0 59.7 68.5 49.2 75.4 84.8 60.8 57.0 75.1 76.6 72.4 69.3 76.0 84.9 65.6 80.9 52.9 44.3 70.3 71.6 58.3 76.5 81.2 59.9 79.0 42.8 74.4 43.5 59.5 63.1 69.3 56.6 73.8 81.9 71.9 78.2 71.2 42.1 77.2 76.0 73.3 81.1 74.0 60.3 44.5 78.9 51.6 71.3 82.4 83.9 68.3 61.8 61.1 51.6 75.7 67.3 46.8 57.7 82.1 76.9 80.1 66.7 52.7 79.2 60.3 74.0 67.1 60.1 72.7 75.9 70.7 74.9 48.3 64.2 77.7 72. Only countries/territories with a population of 100.6 76.4 49.2 65.7 54.6 65.8 79.0 71.6 80.2 70.2 79.9 64.2 68.1 62.5 42.4 60.2 68.7 79.6 Rwanda Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Korea Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan U.5 70.4 67.9 63.6 80.2 73.8 73.9 62.4 78.9 74.9 64.4 53.9 81.8 77.6 71.Table 4.6 70.4 71.4 52.5 72.1 73.9 69.4 58.1 79.5 67.6 58.1 56.0 39.8 76.7 Country Male 65.6 80.3 71.9 72.5 72.5 78.0 79.7 66.0 74. Life Expectancy at Birth by Country and by Sex: 2005 to 2010 (continued) Life Expectancy at Birth Country World Average El Salvador Equitorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guadalupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hongkong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Both Sexes 67. Virgin Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Life Expectancy at Birth Both Sexes Male Female 46.4 72.8 76.2 84.1 74.5 56.4 55.6 67.8 73.3 80.8 54.6 47.5 67.8 Female 69.2 80.9 69.5 75.1 47.6 77.7 59.4 66.1 67.2 79.3 78.1 82.5 64.4 66.3 66.6 70.1 44.2 39.5 81.1 67.6 53.7 74.7 72.8 71.8 83.5 68.S.6 61.3 42.1 81.4 75.8 67.0 62.6 45.8 60.7 42.0 63.2 75.8 75.3 64.5 65.1 77.9 42.1 60.7 74.3 82.8 69.3 69.0 78.0 54.7 46.4 83.2 63.5 77.6 39.7 80.0 73. .8 63.8 57.5 68.4 72.1 42.2 82.2 86.7 69.7 77.5 68.8 50.0 79.4 72.9 70.9 76.9 61.7 79.6 65.7 41.0 77.5 70.0 76.8 75.8 63.5 44.5 50.0 72.3 67.0 71.0 68.3 69.9 78.5 71.1 77.4 44.2 49.7 74.2 73.5 81.7 71.5 83.5 70.000 or more in 2007 are included in the United Nations list.7 85.4 59.8 64.8 64.3 65.3 67.4 58.7 56.6 48.9 73.1 66.8 76.6 Note: Figures are from the 2006 revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects report for 2005 to 2010.0 46.4 57.5 81.9 72.7 71.9 69.3 66.8 78.4 51.2 76.1 76.1 74.3 69.0 42.2 77.9 62.5 74.

Source: National Statistics Office. Since the registration of deaths in the Philippines is incomplete. Shryock and Siegel (1980) discussed that life expectancy at birth represents a summarization of the whole series of mortality rates for all ages combined. Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life (United Nations Population Department).TECHNICAL NOTES The data presented in this factsheet are based on the medium assumption of the 2000 Census-based Population Projections. The age-specific death rates derived from the registered deaths is a component in the computation of life expectancy at birth. 2000 Census-based Population Projections Manila. It was produced by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in collaboration with the Inter-Agency Working Group (which utilized the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (CPH) as base population). the death rates for ages 5 and over had to be corrected first using the estimated level of completeness. Philippines . before its use in computing the life expectancy at birth. yielded by the Preston and Coale Method. As used in this factsheet. as weighted by the life table stationary population. life expectancy at birth reflects the overall mortality level of a population.