Glendalough (Irish: Gleann Dá Loch, meaning "Glen of Two Lakes") is a glacial valley located in County Wicklow, Ireland, renowned

for its Early Medieval monastic settlement founded in the 6th century by St Kevin, a hermit priest, and destroyed in 1398 by English troops.

History of Glendalough
Kevin, a descendant of one of the ruling families in Leinster, studied as a boy under the care of three holy men, Eoghan, Lochan, and Eanna. During this time, he went to Glendalough. He was to return later, with a small group of monks to found a monastery where the 'two rivers form a confluence'. Kevin's writings discuss his fighting a "monster" at Glendalough; scholars today believe this refers to his process of self-examination and his personal temptations.[1] His fame as a holy man spread and he attracted numerous followers. He died in about 618. For six centuries afterwards, Glendalough flourished and the Irish Annals contain references to the deaths of abbotsand raids on the settlement.[2] At the Synod of Rath Breasail in 1111, Glendalough was designated as one of the two dioceses of North Leinster. The Book of Glendalough was written there about 1131. St. Laurence O'Toole, born in 1128, became Abbot of Glendalough and was well known for his sanctity and hospitality. Even after his appointment as Archbishop of Dublin in 1162, he returned occasionally to

the dioceses of Glendalough and Dublin were united. Glendalough features on the 1598 map "A Modern Depiction of Ireland. One of the British Isles" by Abraham Ortelius as "Glandalag". From that time onwards. guest houses. with an entrance .[2] The present remains in Glendalough tell only a small part of its story. The destruction of the settlement by English forces in 1398 left it a ruin but it continued as a church of local importance and a place of pilgrimage. granite arches. an infirmary. Kevin's Bed. in Normandy in 1180. Kevin on 3 June. The monastery in its heyday included workshops. The buildings which survive probably date from between the 10th and 12th centuries. farm buildings and dwellings for both the monks and a large lay population. This fine tower. built of mica-slate interspersed with granite is about 30 metres high. Theantae or projecting walls at each end suggest that it had a timber roof. now totally unique in Ireland. to the solitude of St. areas for manuscript writing and copying.[2] In 1214. Descriptions of Glendalough from the 18th and 19th centuries include references to occasions of "riotous assembly" on the feast of St. He died in Eu. the cultural and ecclesiastical status of Glendalough diminished.Glendalough. It was originally two-storied with two fine.[2] Monuments in lower valley The Gateway to the monastic city of Glendalough is one of the most important monuments.

a monastic settlement that had associations with Glendalough during the 10th century. were built as bell towers. with entrance at the west end and a small round-headed window in the east gable. landmarks for approaching visitors. The large micashist stones which can be seen up to the height of the square-headed west doorway were re-used from an earlier smaller church. the founder ofClonmacnoise. The tower originally had six timber floors.5 metres from the base. the earliest. The church probably commemorates St.3. when the chancel (now missing) and the sacristy were added later.[2] . with a decorative arch at the east end. Almost totally reconstructed from the original stones. This stone-roofed building originally had a nave only. the Priests' House is a small Romanesquebuilding. while the top storey has four windows facing the cardinal compass points. Round towers. the cathedral had several phases of construction. The four storeys above entrance level are each lit by a small window. connected by ladders. The upper part of the window can be seen above what became the chancel arch. consisting of the present nave with its antae. based on a 1779 sketch made by Beranger.[2] The largest and most imposing of the buildings at Glendalough. The conical roof was rebuilt in 1876 using the original stones. Kieran. Kieran's Church The remains of this nave-and-chancel church were uncovered in 1875. but also served on occasion as store-houses and as places of refuge in times of attack. St.

Trinity Church is beside the main road. The church. East of the church are two crosses of note. has inclined jambs and a massive lintel. St. A simple nave-and-chancel church. The Romanesque chancel arch has three orders. built in simple style. with a fine chancel arch. Saviour's was built in the 12th century. The nave and chancel with their fine decorate stones were restored in the 1870s using stones found on the site. probably at the time of St. Its granite west doorway with an architrave. the burial place of the Kings. this nave-and-chancel church dates from around 1100. Monuments near the Upper Lake Reefert Church Situated in a grove of trees. possibly a sacristy. one with an . The most recent of the Glendalough churches. The projecting corbels at each gable carried verge timbers for the roof. A squareheaded doorway in the west gable leads into a later annexe. Laurence O'Toole.St. The name derives from Righ Fearta. Mary's or Our Lady's Church consists of a nave with a later chancel. with highly ornamented capitals. St. Mary's or Our Lady's Church One of the earliest and best constructed of the churches. has a granite doorway with sloping jambs and flat lintel and a granite chancel arch. Most of the surrounding walls are modern.

Kevin's Cell Built on a rocky spur over the lake.6 metres in diameter with walls 0. Only the foundations survive today and it is possible that the cell had a stone-corbelled roof. are several crosses. close to Reefert are the remains of another small church.[2] .elaborate interlace pattern. The church.[2] Temple-na-Skellig and St. Laurence O'Toole. Kevin's Bed. Partly man-made. this stone structure was 3.[2] St. West of the church is a raised platform with stone enclosure walls.9 metres thick and a doorway on the east side. On the other side of the Poulanass River. partly rebuilt in the 12th century. a cave in the rock face about 8 metres above the level of the Upper Lake and reputedly a retreat for St. it runs back 2 metres into the rock. County Kerry. At the east gable is an inscribed Latin Cross together with several plain grave slabs an three small crosses.[2] The "Caher" This stone-walled circular enclosure on the level ground between the two lakes is 20 metres in diameter and is of unknown date. Close by is St. similar to the beehive huts on Skellig Michael. Close by. Kevin and later for St. apparently used as stations on the pilgrim's route. has a granite doorway with inclined jambs. Kevin's Bed This small rectangular church on the southern shore of the Upper Lake is accessible only by boat. via a series of steps from the landing stage. where dwelling huts probably stood.