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htm Theories of Motivation Motivation WebQuest Motivation Materials Videos

12/6/2011

There are many different theories of motivation. In Educational Psychology, we focus specifically on motivation for learning rather than for behavior. The major types of motivation for learning are intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation comes from within the student or from factors inherent in the task being performed. For example, students who love to read are intrinsically motivated to read - there is something about reading that they enjoy and that makes them want to do it even if there is no "reward" for it. Extrinsic motivation comes from sources external to the student and the task. It can come through praise, recognition, or a system of rewards. For example, for students who do not enjoy reading, a token economy involving stickers or a class store may prompt them to read more often. As teachers, we hope to promote intrinsic motivation in our students as it encourages life-long learning. It is difficult to encourage intrinsic motivation all of the time, however, especially because we spend

Human motivation. using a variety of interesting presentation modes. R. 84(3). A number of other strategies such as student choice.over 900 hours per year in the classroom. Ames. Maslow's Heirarchy of Needs is another important perspective of motivation. CA: Brooks/Cole.E. Maslow.). Motivation and personality. love. A. maintaining curiosity. The number of levels in the heirarchy can be debated. It states that each person has basic needs (such as food. Franken. Be sure to use them only when the task is uninteresting to students. Journal of Educational Psychology.) that must be met before learning can occur. as well. (1992). structures. NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall. and student motivation. and helping students set their own goals. Extrinsic motivators can also help to develop intrinsic motivation. We will sometimes need to use extrinsic motivators. but the following seems to be quite thorough: Theories of Motivation Literature Review Ormrod. Classroom goals. shelter. 261-271. Some strategies for promoting intrinsic motivation include arousing interest in the subject matter. Pacific Grove. and make sure that the motivators are contingent on performance and recognize competence. C. Educational Psychology: Developing Learners (4th ed. Upper Saddle River. and collaboration can also help encourage intrinsic motivation. (1994). etc. Chapters 11&12. New York: Harper. J. . (2003). (1954). demonstrating the relevance or usefulness of content.

Theories of Motivation Websites The Psi Cafe http://www.html Maslow Links http://elvers..htm Personality Theories http://www. Early Childhood Education Journal.edu/PsiCafe/KeyTheorists/Maslow. Michelle. School motivation of boys and girls: Differences of degree. Morristown. 30 Issue 1. (1974). Weiner. Vol. p133 Why Are We Learning This? What Is This Stuff Good for. Leadership. Anyway? By: Vavilis.html . (1985).htm Ed Psych Interactive http://chiron. Sep2002. Vol. 1040-1048.edu/~gwynne/maslow. Nov/Dec2004.pdx. McClelland.udayton. differences of kind. Foresman. American Psychologist.html Heirarchy of Needs http://web. NJ: Prentice Hall.edu/whuitt/col/motivation/motivate.muskingum. Debra Lindsey. B. By: Prince. Human motivation. Children and Their Basic Needs. Esther M. (1988). NJ: General Learning Press. 56 Issue 3. By: Karns. 41(10). Vavilis. p27 (Available through Pioneer). D. 86 Issue 4.edu/IDDE/ARCS. (1986) Motivational processes affecting learning.HTM Psychology History http://fates. Howard.ed. p33 (Available through Pioneer).utk.psu. Motivation to learn: From theory to practice. Englewood Cliffs. New York: Scott. 34 Issue 2.edu/history/people/Maslow.cns. Australian Journal of Psychology. Sheri L.psy. Dec2004.Dweck. or both? By: Martin. Dec2004. p282 Whispering: Coaching to ensure excellence. Vol. Andrew..edu/~cgboeree/maslow. Achievement motivation and attribution theory. Bob.ship. Vol.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/maslow. D.htm ARCS http://ide. C.valdosta. Phi Delta Kappan.stjoe. Stipek.