(prepared to meet the English tasks) Lecturer: Isti Purwaningtyas

Compiled by: Chafida Rofiatul Chasnaq 115100301111016 TIP / F


Skimming. If we're searching for information. To get detailed information. we might be searching for specific information. However when reading large volumes of information. we might be reading for enjoyment. Web pages. information. we might use a technique such as SQ4R. Effective and efficient readers learn to use many styles of reading for different purposes. Reading in English is like reading in our native language. looking for clues. Many people consider skimming and scanning search techniques rather than reading strategies. If we are exploring or reviewing. newspapers. novels. they may be more practical than reading.There are different styles of reading for different situations. or reviewing information. We will probably be aware that we are already skilled in using different reading strategies for different purposes in our daily life. and mail are just a few of the things that people read every day. It is important to match our reading strategy to the reading purpose. newspaper or website without having to read every word. For example. scanning. The technique we choose will depend on the purpose for reading. We need to adjust our reading speed and technique depending on our purpose. manuals. For example. magazines. Skimming and scanning are two techniques that can help readers quickly gain information from a book. magazine. Or perhaps we have become too confident and have discovered from the feedback from our tutor or supervisor that we do not read key texts thoroughly enough. Remember that reading skills in our native language and English are basically the same. or to complete a task. When used well. we might skim a document. We may feel less confident about doing this in our academic studies: maybe we read everything too thoroughly. This means that it is not always necessary to read and understand each and every word in English. we might scan for a particular word. textbooks. and critical reading are different styles of reading and information processing. both skimming and scanning can save readers time and allow them to study more efficiently. .

letters. Scanning is a technique we often use when looking up a word in the telephone book or dictionary. Maybe we use our finger to guide our eyes.scanning reading Scanning is the first thing that we do when we select a resource. Notice that we go directly down a column. look for the author's use of organizers such as numbers. first. or the words. In most cases. we know what we're looking for. We search for key words or ideas. second. Scanning is also used when we first find a resource to determine whether it will answer our questions. we might go back and skim it. Once we've scanned the document. It answers the question: Is this the right resource to help me find the answers to my questions? Will it give me the answers I want? Recall how we find a word in a vocabulary? We don't read any more than necessary to find the word we seek. steps. or . Scanning involves moving our eyes quickly down the page seeking specific words and phrases. so we're concentrating on finding a particular answer. This type of reading is usually called scanning. When scanning.

then look it up in the glossary or dictionary. Research shows that people have more difficulty reading off a computer screen than off paper. Similarly. style. skimming on the computer is much slower than on paper. captions? Do they look as if they would be helpful? Scanning involves running our eyes down the page looking for specific facts or key words and phrases. When we locate a new term. which are introduced in the chapter. try to find its definition. Unless we understand the new terms. Think about:   Is it relevant? Is there any thing in it that answers the target questions? Look at:   Title page. The contents page. Record the terms and their definition or the page number where the . If our text does not have a glossary. Although they can read and comprehend at the same rate as paper. Are there chapters or sections that we may want to read? Are there diagrams. or in a different font size. italics. Sometimes the author will put key ideas in the margin. scanning skills are valuable for several purposes in studying science. Reading off a computer screen has become a growing concern. First. Thus a preliminary scanning of the chapters will alert us to the new terms and concepts and their sequence. it is a good idea to keep a glossary of our own in the front page of the book. or color. Look for words that are bold faced. they are an aid in locating new terms. If we are not able to figure out the meaning. pictures. it is impossible to follow the author's reasoning without dictionary or glossary. (Note: usually new terms are defined as they are introduced in science texts.

Read paragraphs diagonally. scan the charts and figures.  Using the wide-span approach. as it provides a convenient outline of the course). This is an excellent aid to refer to when we are reviewing for an examination. looking at all that surrounds us and heading our way.. Secondly. and use bold headers and captions to get an overview of the ideas and themes. scanning is useful in locating statements.   Skim the text by reading the first sentence of each paragraph. Scan to find the exact and complete statement of a chemical law. and place emphasis on the key words. don't focus only on the logical flow of the text. Just start Scan how the page is laid out. or the stages of cell division. formulas. rather than stay fixated and focused on a word. Use the same wide-eye span as we do when driving. Try to speed up our eye movements to take in more per reading. . moving down the page. . .Read in a "U". for they usually summarize in graphic form the major ideas and facts of the chapter.  Use peripheral vision. and back up.Read the page in a "Z" .definition is located. as if we were looking at an image rather than a block of text. definitions. Observe what we're reading with a wide-angle scope. there are several methods in which we can "read" a page. the formula of a particular compound in chemistry. etc. Also. which we must remember completely and precisely.

looking out only for significant dates. . It's useful to scan parts of texts to see if they're going to be useful to us:    the introduction or preface of a book the first or last paragraphs of chapters the concluding chapter of a book. it is not always thorough and a key fact may be overlooked. When reading on the Internet. Scanning can be monotonous and the technique is not suited for long periods of study. Without reading the surrounding text. scroll down quicker than we actually read. which may be scattered throughout a long piece of writing. It encourages the reader to research in a purposeful way and avoid distractions. by moving it at a slightly faster pace than our reading speed. stopping only to note the years. they will look out for keywords relevant to their search. Scanning: for a specific focus The technique we use when we're looking up a name in the phone book: we move our eye quickly over the page to find particular words or phrases that are relevant to the task we're doing. Scanning allows the reader to efficiently gather information. or even more. a reader might scan a biography of Abraham Lincoln. Use the help of our index finger. scanning can be done at approximately 1.500 words a minute. Readers scan a piece of writing when they quickly search it for specific information. Scanners will make use of a book's index and contents page. According to Anne Arundel Community College's Reading and Study Skills Lab. When running their eye over the text. The reader would skip over descriptions of Lincoln's upbringing. The context in which a fact appears may affect its meaning. his struggles and his achievements. as it is easy to lose concentration. Although scanning is a good way to quickly gather facts. For example. it is easy to misinterpret a fact's true significance.

sKIMMing reading Skimming is used to quickly identify the main ideas of a text. Skimming is done at a speed three to four times faster than normal reading. We may use it for entire books or for shorter sections. Consider reading the first sentence of each paragraph. It might be used to review graphs. Some people read the first and last paragraphs using headings. This technique is useful when we're seeking specific information rather than reading for comprehension. When we read the newspaper. subheadings. We leaf through the material looking at titles. illustrations. Use skimming when we want to see if an article may be of interest in our research. summarizes and other organizers as they move down the page or screen. There are many strategies that can be used when skimming. instead we're scanning the text. and places. Skimming works well to find dates. People often skim when they have lots of material to read in a limited amount of time. We might read the title. Its object is to familiarize us as quickly as possible with the material to be read. names. subtitles. and charts. . we're probably not reading it word-by-word. Skimming is the most rudimentary type of reading. and illustrations. subheading. tables.

both speed and comprehension depend on familiarity. and charts. Subheadings or bullet points attract their attention. Skimmers run their eye down the page or screen looking for pointers that sum up the contents. the act of skimming will refresh our memory and lead us to the passage. The reader is not interested in all the detail. Skimming before we start is valuable for any type of reading. It makes sense to swiftly appraise them and choose the most relevant one. getting the gist is enough. even pleasure reading. Skimming is useful when we have to decide if a long piece of writing is worth close study. In longer texts. With practice we can develop a memory which will allow us to recall the exact location on a page of a piece of information. look there first. as do the introductory phrases of paragraphs and the concluding ones. skimmers check the contents lists. Readers skim a text when they look it over quickly to get a general idea of the subject-matter. and any introductions. Trust our memory. Our eye should race over the pages looking for clues which will help us narrow down the probable location. After that. Though we feel completely lost. ten to fifteen minutes for a book. Remember. the faster we will move through it and the more we will retain. Skimming can also be an effective way of quickly reviewing . The more comfortable we are with the manner in which the material is presented. patient speed will do the rest. except perhaps for mysteries. there won't be time to read them all. If it says upper left-hand corner. We are trying to become familiar with the subject matter. Two to three minutes is ample time for a chapter. conclusions or summaries. If a student with an hour to do some research is presented with 10 textbooks and.maps. Skimming may also be used to search out certain short passages we have lost. the opening and closing paragraphs of chapters.

in the United Kingdom. If we need to gather specific information from a newspaper article. skimming and scanning have their place. Maryland. Skimming is far less effective in making sense of complex discussions or detailed arguments. choose skimming. such as a chronological description of an event. Skimming a book. . but only if we "match our reading strategy to the reading purpose." If we need a general idea of a book's subject-matter. vital details and caveats are easily missed. article or webpage only gives the reader a general idea of its contents. The Reading and Study Skills Lab at Anne Arundel Community College. and skip over the detail. so that the reader can recall the most significant parts. Scanning vs SKIMMING It is impossible to say which technique is better. Nuances.000 words a minute. This can produce a confused or misleading impression. It's useful to skim:   to preview a passage before we read it in detail to refresh our understand of a passage after we've read it in detail. Skimming: for getting the gist of something The technique we use when we're going through a newspaper or magazine: we read quickly to get the main points. as it depends on the reader's purpose.something that has been read previously. According to the Advanced Institute of Management Research at Cranfield University. Use skimming when we're trying to decide if a book in the library or bookshop is right for us. Skimming works well when dealing with clear subjects that lend themselves to a general overview. estimates skimming can be done at approximately 1. choose scanning.