Rottweiler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Rottweiler, or Rottweil Metzgerhund, is a large dog breed originating in Germany as herding dogs. It is a hardy and very intelligent breed. Early Rottweilers worked as beasts of burden, carrying wood and other products to market. During the first and second World Wars, Rottweilers were put into service as war time guard dogs. Currently they are frequently used as guard and police dogs. The Rottweiler was first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1931.


1 History 2 Description 2.1 Appearance 2.1.1 Size 2.2 Temperament 3 Health 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links


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The breed is an ancient one, whose history stretches back to the Roman Empire. In those times, the legions traveled with their meat on Classification & standards [show] the hoof and required the assistance of working dogs to herd the cattle. One route the army traveled was through Württemberg and on to the small market town of Rottweil. The principal ancestors of the first Rottweilers during this time was supposed to be the Roman war dog, local sheepdogs the army met on its travels, and dogs with molosser appearance coming from England and The Netherlands. This region eventually became an important cattle area, and the descendants of the Roman cattle dogs proved their worth in both driving and protecting Rottweiler memorial in the cattle from robbers and wild animals. However, by the end of the 19th Rottweil, Germany century, the breed had declined so much that in 1900 there was only one female to be found in the town of Rottweil. The build up to World War I saw a great demand for police dogs, and that led to a revival of interest in the Rottweiler. In fact, in the mid 1990s, the popularity of the Rottweiler reached an all time high with it being the 2nd most registered dog by the AKC. [1]

Weight Male ≈50 kg (110 pounds) Female ≈42 kg (93 pounds) Height Male 61 to 68 cm (24-27 inches) Female 56 to 63 cm (22-25 inches) Coat Short, hard and thick Color Black and rust or black and a mahogany Life 8-10 years span

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and especially abuse. The Rottweiler is a steady dog with a self-assured nature. Rottweilers were exhibited in Britain at Crufts. The Rottweiler is a working dog that is also good for guard duties. can pose a significant physical threat to humans or other animals. In 1936. and situations as Rottweiler Head possible is very important in developing these qualities. the Rottweiler stands 61 to 68 cm (24-27 inches) at the withers for males. although they experience shedding during their periods. The DRK wanted to produce working dogs and did not emphasize the morphology of the Rottweiler. Females may become problem barkers in order to protect their den. Barking is usually a sign of annoyance with external factors (car alarms or other disturbances) rather than a response to actual threats. The goals of the two clubs were different. lack of socialization. The IRK tried to produce a homogeneous morphology according to their standard. he tends to go very still. animals. a well trained and socialized Rottweiler can be a reliable.55 kg (110-160 pounds) for males and 42 kg (93 120 pounds) for females. Rottweilers' large size and strength make this an important point to consider: an untrained. The owner must be perceived by the dog as the leader. and followed by the creation of the SDRK (" üddeutscher Rottweiler-Klub" S — South German Rottweiler Club) on the 27 April 1907 and became the IRK (International Rottweiler Club). Aggression in Rottweilers is associated with poor breeding. a separate register was opened for the breed.php?title=Rottweiler&printable=yes From that time the breed has become popular with dog owners. but early socialization and exposure to as many new people. One of the main stud dogs of this club was Ralph von Neckar. Size According to FCI standard. but without excessive jowls. The Rottweiler also has a natural tendency to assert dominance if not properly trained.[2] Average weight is 50 . The skull is typically massive. and in 1935 was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club. if allowed to run at large.Wikipedia. makes no warning growl or movement and is often quite stoic. In 1966. An undocked Rottweiler in profile Temperament In the hands of a responsible owner. The coat is medium length and consists of a waterproof undercoat and a coarse top coat. Rottweiler coats tend to be low maintenance. If the owner fails to achieve this status the Rottweiler will readily take on the role.wikipedia. The main stud dog of this club was Lord von der Teck. Male dogs are silent watchers that notice everything before they attack. poorly trained. An attentive owner is usually able to recognize when a Rottweiler perceives a threat. Description Appearance The breed is almost always black with clearly defined tan or mahogany markings on the cheeks. quick to learn. the free encyclopedia http://en. alert dog and a loving companion. muzzle. named DRK (" eutscher Rottweiler-Klub"— German Rottweiler Club) D was created the 13 January 1907. natural guarding tendencies. The Rottweiler is not usually a barker. They can be strong-willed and should be trained in a firm and consistent manner. 2 of 4 10/21/2008 2:46 AM . Rottweilers that are well trained and cared for can be as well behaved as any other dog and. or abused Rottweiler can learn to be extremely aggressive and destructive and. chest and legs.Rottweiler .5 cm (22-25 inches) for females. When the male attacks. The DRK counted around 500 Rottweiler. The first Rottweiler club in Germany. in general. and 56 to 62. the SDRK 3000 poor handling.

DNA tests should also be performed to screen for Von Willebrand's disease (VWD). and osteosarcoma. such as in the Netherlands. Rottweilers are not recommended for people who have little experience with dogs or understand little about dog psychology and responsible canine ownership. The International Encyclopedia of Dogs. Caroline. The portrayal breeders as family pets. Barron's Educational Series.[6] otes 1.Breeder Retriever. and eyes tested by a veterinarian before breeding.pdf) 4. ^ USRC Breed Standard (http://www. Because of their size. has added to their negative publicity and popularity among backyard breeders.[5] Rottweilers are also prone to ear infections. or lack of socialization.Wikipedia. Health The Rottweiler is a tough and hardy cause a higher level of damage than a smaller. ^ Breeds of dog involved in fatal human attacks in the U. Dangerous behavior in Rottweilers potentially results from irresponsible ownership. the free encyclopedia http://en. some scattered countries.breederretriever. possibly related to the fact that in the US. after the Labrador.cdc. most notably in The Omen. neglect. France and Venezuela.vansach.. abuse. as in Germany. Other conditions which may affect this breed include hypothyroidism (bloat). Often injuries puppies that are atypical of the and maulings occur when an owner or passerby tries to separate fighting breed standard are often sold by dogs. Rottweilers typically live between 8 and 10 /duip/dogbreeds. Rottweilers are extremely prone to parvo virus. URL dated January 2. power and weight. but potential owners should be aware of known health problems that can affect this breed. between 1979 and 1998 (http://www.usrconline. and prey drive. Pelham 3 of 4 10/21/2008 2:46 AM .htm) 2. elbows.S. 2007 5. ^ Rottweiler Care ( Stanley Dangerfield and Elsworth Howell (editors). the Rottweiler is the number two breed of dog named in fatal human attacks from 1979 to 1998 in a report by the CDC[3]. ^ The History of the Rottweiler (http://www. Rottweilers are highly prone to be affected by serious diseases mainly to its hips and are notoriously prone to cancer. The most serious genetic health risks a Rottweiler faces are canine hip dysplasia (CHD). an aggressive rottweiler can A male runt Rottweiler.php) . The Rottweiler was ranked by Dog Fancy Magazine in 1997 as the second most popular companion dog. 2005.Rottweiler .wikipedia.php?title=Rottweiler&printable=yes In recent years the breed has received some negative publicity. elbow weaker dog. the infections often going away and then coming back even more serious. subvalvular aortic stenosis (SAS).[4] Rottweiler owners should have their dogs' hips. ^ Coile. of Rottweilers as evil dogs in several fictional films and TV series. Rottweilers are banned in many municipalities.about. and are sometimes targeted as dangerous dogs by legislation. Page 144. or unintentionally triggers a guarding behavior in a dog. torn crucial ligament and allergies.htm) References 1. Many owners of Rottweilers are forced to obey state leash/muzzle laws. ^ Veterinary Q & A: Parvovirus Infection in Dogs (http://vetmedicine. Ph.html) 3. D. Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds. This tendency may extend towards other animals as well. Rottweilers are a powerful breed with well developed genetic guarding and herding instincts.

org/w/index. the free encyclopedia http://en.Rottweiler . Inc. a at the Open Directory Project Retrieved from "" Categories: Dog breeds | Molossers | Dog breeds originating in Europe | Dog breeds originating in Germany Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements since August 2008 This page was last modified on 20 October 2008.php?title=Rottweiler&printable=yes Books.dmoz.wikipedia. London.. ISBN 0-7207-1561-X External links Rottweiler (http://www. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit charity.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.wikipedia. at 17:22. 1985. All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details. 4 of 4 10/21/2008 2:46 AM .