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JULY 1989

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Aeny·'-'raine s are models, of trainling a'iln:raU and are desiigned to lntroducs ~he rnodeller to vactor components but witl~ tine advarnh.iJ,~esell lniectiun moulded Hving.surfaces. 1~12 SC:AL,E'

FINE S,C.AL,E M'ODELS 5 u<p,srlc.r qua iily' rCo mpl'e.f9 injection motoeo kits to '~~72.af subjects raTS
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Eas.y-to Ma',if'· ViH:'form 'fusellage' with INJECTION' lJ\EDw~!n'~s and t.ail gn),up, tline qliJlani.~ met.af accessories and [Itlulian A.rr flo,res Decals.
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FuN instrucuone and dsc.als inc.luded ___ . Please' ,add posta.g,{i)· as' follows: IUKIEurope~~DM3' 5fJ far up to 3 kss; DIM_5.50for up UJ' 5 kits ,USA.;· D'M4. Ot1 for one ki', D,M6~00 for up to :3 ki~s

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HUM,A MOIDE,ILIL, K~~lanst,adterSt,r~ D-645 Hanau' 6',1 W'ss1 Ge["manY'ii ~91.,
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INTERNATI'ONAL
Man agli'n g Ed~ t'Dr Art Ed i"IO~M,ic ..afJ'l Bonel 10 Rich ard J.., Ca ruar a, G'odl'rey Mangi,o'ni C,hades, S'.a'trace
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'This 'year we celebrate a 'g.reat Inuimbe,r ot Import:an't annvsrsanes. The' most notable o'f co u rse, i51 th e '510.1 hi ann'iV"e rs a"ry slnca t h e b leg inn ing o f Wo rj~d'WaJf' Two, The notoriety won by the tast vi,ct,Q,r]e's of ths LuUw[ath:ll over the poolr~y ar-med iEurope'an adversaries is, worth remembe'l"i,ng prin.cilpa~lry as, a wa,rnr:lng lest W'!9 rieples'l the mistake of ourtoretethers and naive~y' brush aslde the' iimlportancs of armed v:iJlglance. EUlrOI~J.ehad to pay deaJI!y tor su cha mistake 'fill,V i yelars aqo, and 'for ns'sni')" SIX years of agony had to suU'erthel'w'lralh 01' the most IdeVIBstalilng: confllct the, wor~d had seen Wor-Ild: Wa,li Dine: had' been coined as The War '1'10,end all W,a,lfs! but complacency, econolmiic depr,es,sl'on and' he amlil:ude' 01 tur'lning a Ibllind eyel to w'h,al was; happ-,en'iing next door resulted in: 1h,9 Iii sacrlftce cll; m]Uio-ns, 011llves not to me ntlon the fina,ncial disa.s,1:'e-rwh~ichhad to be borne b'y the combatants. dUlr~n,g and aflter 'hie W8Ir,.
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Intarna,~m'Dna~ 'Corre:s,pondenlts INeil Mac'ke~zl'e (,Aust) - Mi,ohel W~~~O~' (Bel,., gium)1 .. 8r~an T- Giboons. I(C,anada) Jlean.= lLucFcuquel (,.1 ra ee) Chri.sti'a .' ,Gerar'dJVDl (Germany) = Die Paol'i W'altB'r (Itafly . oll1;h} Fa s sad ,G~ ppB (~~aly'.South) . BlJI~ryC,l US9 W:o'ci:ech (PoII,snd) '~ ~frs S~h;nyder (Sw~t~e.rIlanio) Tim L81ming(UK) .. ~~'icha'911 May (US) Seapl',ane:s A:viati:on :P'tUl os (US)I
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A, positive flee.'I~ng of retaxauon in the tension between E,3S't ,Slnd Wes'l is evi'denUy grlowing trorn da,y 101 day, and thls due in nO srnaf measure to the, weU .. arrned vi:gUia,nce since the war, It so happens that M,ay tnls y'e,ar also marks another an[n,it'Ver~5Ia.ry~ [Ilifting Olt the Be,~lin the A'lr~ift [see UPDATE., 'pI.20S,) wh·'[oh Wla1S more than a token v:~ctory to the ,AII~ies., It meant '1 hat resistance and de,,~ terrnlnaten on declared poUc~e':sin. the race 01 enormous pressure wi'ns., Lei U:S not relax too much, U,er;e"loml~,unless Y/S want hiS'l,ory 1,0 repeat itse'I~,
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IP~int,ed by G' tienberg Press . M'aI~',a lyp esel & DeS[gned by 1 ecn 09 ",aflea .. IMalt a Collc, r Separ,8ti'ons by Scancraft Stud~os ("1.) Lbt

Two m 0·.··· re im~'po'rt" aIn'' t a'nn lve rs rtes a II"'le' g 4"·,0'.•th b I!:rt· ; bd i::Ir'V'S'" ....:'1,"I'the S:~~.: IC:-.'IL,:",~lo,t·O, "In m' . . ··h.l"il :._.l a 1 _v ..... h__ wh~ch we taatured last month, and tne Canberra'1 teatured ln this, issue, Trese are two aircraft which have Igi,ven immense pleasure to aircr,aft !en'lhusia.,s_ts. in many countries. and we count, ourselves I,IUckY'I:o "11.ave hosteo 'both a~rc"raU,or f many year's,in Ma,lt.a.,'This duo evoke nO'lhing, but pleaaant memones tous ,B,nd WIB' s~nc,e,riely hopei that both continue to ny 'lor as 'Iongl as [pDs:sib~lel' 'SIO '1)'.181: lour ic.hiilldr,e'n!ls chj~dr:e'ncan sample I:h s, irue sp:i1ri'l 01 aviation. Michae[1 BQne!UQ,~
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The eQn1:el~ts lef this publi;ca'lic,rn' iFJcludinlg all ar11c~as,dBsign~,p~ans"dra'J,in~:sand photloglraphs .
an d all cCIPY ru\g hI and othe r Intte.,1 ~e,ct.1J ~ lprops rty a rig us her'e"n belonlg 10 Modelafd Internat~Qlna~

Publ'k;.ationl" All ri~lnS oo,nt'ern3!d by t'h~'.la/w 01 Capyri,gh and ,othe'ulmeileC'tJal prope,nvr'i.gnts and by IVlrtue 01t.h e ntem ~tion~ ccpVri~hl eon !le nt ic ns ,aria speDI~,ican\y rl!SllVed and any f,eproduo1icln requir.s the pr10r wrUlen eensent a'l thiS p ubi ~5her51~ The plU b Ij's hers we lcom g, ~et~:ers Iind sug 9es~ions but C'M not accept rasp C I sib~ 'kif 1:lity ufliisolic,~~ed at,"~I,e~rial. co~res;pandef1,ce,'. r~q~ itingl m A,ii a ubply'_mu.slibs' aocompan ed by' 'hvo I _te,rnatlonai Repl:y CCI~pon5l. Dlrec'l sub,se ript ie n mI .•.is 10:0 UN l'RY ,6 _.omr[hs UK & t:U :OPE £9.901 ITA Y L216; SOC) USAlCANADA US$2S ,,100
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Memorie-$fron1. i'he:,Plhoto Collection of Richa-rd J IC'uruana. fIGH':, ERSI of t'he F1FTIES: G,RU',,",',M,AN F7F TIC,ERe,AT .''''~I~'n4!nil'~,"~'i';'''~n210 .. By M'i'chaf3'I~: B'oneUo. .
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,Joseph IJ. Oai ~.·'d,a·'Wu~a Cw,1 W'or~dwlde! Publica .. 'ti,onSi~ 4,3114'1 \~es.; 2,3.,8th B,t,reet~,'rOlrrlnlCe~ C:A 9 05 ,riJl:jl

US SU~!c_riJl~'ons1hrou~.:
.

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© '19151 '" ~ 0 DIE, LA IlD In t1elrnad en a II P u bll IIoatlon·s

Rig ht: 1Mr.a~'8 2000 see _'at 'the rr~onI:de fJ1'arsa nope n day ~1 '1th i July last ylsar.. -

B e~1 A r1 oths r 1m _Us' k.Mlo~vn IF riB n ch Navy ai r clr,aJI' i,s the na,'v,i3,1 ow: ~ersio'n o,~'[tie Ma'gister IK",: OW!1,as Nl'e eM 175 Zephyr, SS:'lSUl on the FO C,HI,;,and bello n gli'rng to floti11e ISF. Sep te m:be r, " 988.
j

. 2

'-

'II.

3

IJUl.Y

19'189

197'

both SAR units (22 and 202) is at Finnrenglle;y, where the Sle,a KinK' and Wessex return for deep servic~
In 'Walies~ the unmistakable f .'~: Meteor can :stil., ~·,e tho ' 1]b Sh ape IO.·~ : e "1\ If' ' seen 'jin, he skies with two Ul6, variants t O¥Y1 i::!!t, ',;;1] 'in 1~!C'J.·::v' fi! ... at ,J:~ YiN! . Iann.A bedr, 'Tble: two former ;;i,8s,!WH',o43 (photn 7) and, WKS'OO are used on, trials work, but alsoas shepherd aircraft '~o'r tbe pilotless J'in,divik.
I

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....

these words ar'e read one of ·the: duo Is expected to have been de:stToyed b:y missile, 'h,aving 'reatih!ed the end of its, useful life, Isaving j-ust on.e single-seat 'Meteo'" in, British Mi.1i.. , tary service, p s MaTtin .. aker's B ·tria'1s, T7 aircraft, ,Pi.nally on the f l. ··t - '1' RAP rront, 1'. was rseerr t'l an, nouneed that RAF Biggio FliI1'is ,to el os-e', the- (iffil~·e~s Air1c'rIe 'W 'Sleie'l~~ & tion..C~.nt~'~~ 5~h~~~o .9)~~e'~~gTle'-li~'cated to C ranwell. This Wl11 mark the _Ie:ndl·of a 1,o.ng:-es'ta.hlisb:ed. and world famous RAP station, 'Mat:te:rs 'naval nO\Y'1 and the Fleet Air Arm. is anticipating the delivervof're-built.Bea HarrieiF~ 2·9, the na;t,-to~-~dis.ta,nt fujr;u.re" t'wo 'trials aircraft already beingin regular use, At least one Sea Harrier

target drones (photo 8,)..By the '0 .-., e

i.n

F',RS·l,(photo 1,10) has been 'o'per,Elted by A&AE:E Boseombe Down in S,UPI~ port ofthe [Se,a Eagle, missile pro[d.' istin C"'·~!V··'O sh Q.~. ~ ca. ._,b.lL. .II_R ...
II;;;; ·.

10

of a FUI'~.~ .. S::i5J:a'~ Harrier is 'tr.&.lcle.:':8.'C·"OIS'Sn I yushin , e 'Man:y othetrs have been distributed ble,t\vee:n the storage faeihtv ,at I]., rs 'Coot-A" (photo 11) during 1& -0'" ~, _oL:t.. ~:I..... ';~I - " ..... Sha wbury - an d th e T'e,eh;n;;:a'I rend:.,' W'ZV. Uii3.i' o·,,,"I~r t't.. e N U,I' IW~l.'·· ea . (photo by cGurtes:y' 'of the 'F.AA)! T"r,oinin,C Schools at Halton and Cosfo r... ". tau att L-:·(·,,,.!'· rth N:~"- Reports from the RAP indicate that d Still s ,ossae·mou,·" .~II [_0 the days of Glasn.oBt'havle' had their 20'2 Squadron currently operates effect Ion. S''D'viet visits t'OI the. 'UK ,Air. two loa- Ki -'·n'·- H'AR:""~1:"" th"I·-. Search ~I '11!.. " t"'h ,pefen}c,e .Regio~,~ "thiS: nu..mb.~ts ha.~.~ , ian d R.esene TOIe" fr-om tJne S':ICO'_t:~us, base (pho to 6·)' Headouarters o'l' Jl n;g drop pied qui te n 0 tilc. eab I.y ID·ve,1" the past year, From Northrop, 'two 'views ofthe 'F-'2"O Tiger"E;:hark: (pholos 1'2: and 1,3). reminding us of a design with much potential whi,c,h was -never fu')I y realised. Having narrow lyfailed to win a 'USAF order (which Wlent to th,e F·-16)" the F.. 0 2 .• 't-· n.."iIl"PIl"II,'::; n a- "~d~ '~;'n'-" Ulb'" & mi":' .' ~v· ~ P~ftifli"'F'.~. ;- .__ :m' a w·a·· 1986~ An excellent B,i~c'raft. 'with :SQP'8Tb performance, ", e Tige.r·h shark may', et re-appear if' the
.!. "I. IS:

a,l
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.!V'- - fu'-: ,IIOlr I...

th . iee _0:(., r.,···er Se.rvl,:c'e inth e U''K'
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gramme'

S;viet intru:de:rs ..~'The ve;;
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~~c;2~ :a[~~nf5fuioJ:b::' 'TI:

an company. FOT 'thOSIB with 8. taste for warbirds (and _ w'ith so me money to ~ple~d!)" a reminder that th'is ye,a'r":s Confederate Air :''oree showtakes
'tOI

eventually

d'esig;~1 'd.i~'w,i-~gs,· -t~~-]setc jigs~"
solid

are dnterested

Rro@v'es provides us w-ith some re.. minders of the attractions like ,y to be onvicwmcluding the usua meek attacks (phloto .1·4l,preserved le·... _ 47 (p~OO(toT·-·"h~,,5')lad-:n~bral'.th.~;_,m,al'remodern A:.. " 'nunc en ;IO'lt (photo 16)~ com .. l

-4

plete with warthog decor on the nosel Thanks to Tim for this frio. Lastly this rn.. onth, just when you thought the 'F-10ISI 'had fina.11y been ret,ired~~~ The DIBLrl-is still alive and well (ph oto 5, 17 and 18) at ~'!a,.lm~,al~a~rplo~.tn. Califcrnia, _act~ng.as chase. II. i ,O! the c'ont.lnulng developmerrt flying of the B-1, and eventually the B..2; Stealtb bomber, ,Five machines (three B models and t\VO As) arein use, and hopefully th-elf' b '. ,:,eau:·r ·'U:· . lilies wil b seen over', C'a 'I'r. 0;.£' tor ti , Lli '11oe :' 11;orn13, some time to come .. 'I'hanks 'to' J'eff Ed.dy for the' two snaps of cl'ne such machine, Tim Laming

15

E
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...
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III ... <!l

THE

'.
'il

AE MA'CCHI

.3

L.eft: The! M B 3'26, Ipro'totyp 8' j usl ana r ro 11'''0LJ t 'rrICl,m AfJ'rma.cchii":s VaJ1e·s.e plant Th,s!ajrlcmU is h ~ghl Y P 0111h ed carnie ,S In onn ,eJ Ite.'![jan ro uns del's and .8 ~-·e'llow arrlOw crea tine on the' fU8 e'" ~ (PnO'I'O' Ael71l'Q,cchi) age.
I

:Ki.n.gs\\~·ell and Squadroin
~aW~5
the manufacturer
f$,-

that the flying schools would t.ur-n 'OJu't pilots with the capabdlities sought by' the Air F01"iC~;;, . ..A.;p re-produc ti on bat ch ,~~ 11. ~, f MB,..3.26s,was ordered for the AM:I.~and the D'rst ofthese flew on .5 October, 1 'g,o·O.,. ,A further a,5, were ordered by 'Febrary 1.9,6 2[1 .,a·n.d, the flrs't eours (;iJ: on. this typ e starts d on 2:2 Ma ren 1962 wi th ·the 21·4~ G:.,-'uPPo of the' Scuola di: Vola Bosicol:nizlale Au,iogetti {SVBLI\ - Basic: .J'et Flying School) D·t Leeee-Galatina, some 80 miles south of Brindisi, replacing T'... 6 T!9:XH:n.,S,., 'Thus Italy followed France, Britain and 'V@s:t Germany in using a Jlet.~ai e arrerat ftc.tor a b lJrt t. ~ ~O' piilot_ t_~r m ng, . .. i ,~,O ai E,y thi s 'tiroe 'the firs t gro up, of 20
'1;'.
Ii.-

e'xtr,em,e!' 'e8,ge of 'h,andlin,g

The trial s left this two Au"s~tr··~li.an pi]ots with V',E! ry good impressi ens, Duri'ng 19,~O:61 s9V:"srel. MB_~3;2Ss, ... we 'e evalua .ed by. 'the Reparto Speri .. · mentale di 'VokJ, (RS'V'..EJrperientaJ -Tes,·t E:s,ta:blis,hment) under the direction of' Co lonello Colagiovanni. Ttl ~ flight-te~,·t p~'Tiod oonfirmsd that tb,e, aircraft; was fu_UJ .sui table for _t'~~! nee,ds o~'~he_~I~ which sawrn the ~~B.,:3,.261 1deal soluthe 'tio:n'to the probl E!ms long debated dur ... , in.g ATJ\F m.eeti.D,g:i,., In. -parti,cula'f' ·the!
g,}l81",an'teed

rn~~es~ve;31V!ro,;,ngfUfih~sa:t ene·gon.a ,BJ.rfieIGL

Leader

'L

cr.aft ·ilfl ~: deal pia tform for ]nstructional work. Particularly appealing was, its high s,afety factor, 'w'hi~estalling char .. ,
acte~risti C9 w'~'re, gentle, wDc'E ... own d spe e'd. mo dest enid. trim changes negl l =.

~~~~~~~~:~:t~':~dt~~Tn~~ ;f;~
Abo,ve::: Ivpita.~ol~IIta'i ian A'ir Fo:rC8' M B 3,26s~ thl s p ho ~;O·g show's ,an ,al1~o raph r,ange Macchlno; '~erynot~~ea[ble thel V9'ry oomflon,Ci,bl,elcockpit :Ia,yout The doub~8Iaddle:r is aliso very inter.e's.t~ng., is I(Photo': Bristol 5iddeJe y} .
l

gible when. whsels and. flaps ·werel,ex~· tended, Perfomanee was extremely liy,e]y with stick forces light and re ... spon se· C risp t hroughou t ~P·~l'rtiic·ul.a,rlJl
impressive

~ "j!-~ tud - w rue .•.SUrp',B,SSeo. th -:t- 0:t' mos -t ch --.- -- - ".:II -_._a.' arnmce
'!i.iii"11... ~

-·was·its manceuvrability at

~1B,.;~~m~: ~~h~f~H~e~!~! ~eai1
""",, ''U'U ~ ,I~. -, iI:l!I,
ii

contemporary figh.tel"'S,~ The success of the ne w trainer resul ted in a f urther ,5(~, exam pile's being ord ered for Lh,e AldI for the conversi DoD. 'ID the [",sm, i ni n g t·\VO a elements of the Leece school, the, :21.2PI and 21,30 GrlCP:p i. . I11..Feb - e,I'ua7-':·· 1-1-=£l"O tne Antana ,_:: " ~9 IQQ th ,"11' t lP -F·1 ying -rwh·'In~ -1'startec . ,~·:-~1··h 'h, ·11~ '1"-]" ~, ~ n:'J !Co . t rniUD' t n lET S-. IL4
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!!II i
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six; stores hardpcints, a fixed weapons i h' - -..:Ii 1- . ,- ;.J' -- - - - - - - ., - ~ S_g' . t ana gun eamers ann new BVU)nlCSl.• ..J~. tlIM. s,e .,,]11 .. .',. n A 'iiiL'f' d 1n e1 unm g m·~.rua.' ~ OJ. ffiTA- ~f1.1'~ ,(U1.,
p ••

model ~~mbo'dJfing~om e of the features s ofth~ ldB,,3,2SG~Desingatsd ~rn,,. . 3.216E,~ tJ~,6 'neW' varian t ratai ned the lo'wls·r-eo· pOlws'red yiper II ~orleetcommonality, f but was fitted Wl-th a similar wing to that (If the MB ~32,6C·:S,;,jneorporating

D,es.~,gnated MB,.32B,Ds'i the four-aircraft

eIoc'~ro]~;c ,a~,~..na vi_gati all. _eq,uipm ent ~

LlHF" Six new-build MB.,826E·~,were d.e]ivered to th e MJII,~,an d six. of the ex]:sting MB., 3126,s W ~ire reboil t to ~E~

standard.

~~e;!in~ in.dividual machines 400~;OOO :~~~~e~~~";e:O ~r~ occasions
-flying
5,e.v!er.a~

~eTe~onn,ru:~ievi~g a .~~~ Ili~hu,~~isa: tion of wha.t was __sically a military a

la,ter a.clq.ui.ted b:y ,th.e, .A..~tlJ ta'llow~n,g

r@'g]str,3bon.s.. Thr.e·@! fth ,e'aircraft o
·;b.

Ser vieeability was erf a very high order righ] froul the start. Th,e aircraft flewin the standard .Aliw lia, livery \Vi t'h. ivi],
I~

O,V,S]," 210.0

hours 'i:n one month ..

with the SVB.U\.. Other uni t s U. se d the MB ,,326s, in,~]u d:_jn;g,_~h~ cStl ua.dri'g'li~ CQ~le;ga~le~t,i (Ll.a.s,~n F~gh ts), \v h ~'re 1t Tep J a.C'e d the ~ T-\3·3A. The 'wtal number of2tlB ~32'6s,'of
'h'OUT.8, miseellane DU,S

'By 1 October, 19,s1. the' om ei al introduetion date of t'h,! replacement ~~lEta;3'gl,~ th.'e, M]3,.3:26, hJi·ot flown some

\Y'Efre

·p~u.red by the, filllund tIle i4.0 Inark... .

all mark~

.AJr~:r is

d- d-,e "-0 f-'h AlI. Tn '1~- ~- ,uec.:s1.0 n '!!--.... ie.n,··~I~'l!i- 1i- S t .~:.e J..Q. So ..l..-. w SV,BIA fo.r '~['aini.ng, 'Two MB.326,Ds, we.re eventuaUy eoriverted to drone~, F'u'rth"er'pliocurem'f'nt ofMB,,326s by
1"

'!,o

'the, l£~I v~~.as, limited to t'h~ ,two -proto ..
-type,s of th,~,.M.B,,3.26G (of' w·h·ich. mnre
1\,

1~.oo·r) an.a. a fEn;v e:xa:mp1. es of the
l'~l_'

!fB'

3:
Ii

I.

,.L) .~',

96- 'Ej

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t-h'1.-:.

11 U'iILI _- ,
oi"'iI.~

deei,de d to .s,up.. 'lem a'n't- its e'x] 8ti ng p ~iB".3.261 fle'E,t with a be,tter eq.uippe·d

f~~~~~tj~~~~e

~:f~'~~7~tt:::crek~
A
'tjI!L .Ol ,.

g~; III;;;"t.;; m-;- oi"i;,~e-·'p-' .....,\.~n ,l",. '11'] ·h·; i6ll,l~ . ...... .a.
'U ".~ ~'JL

l..~,.~

b~ ack, (Photo; '~iaN Mackenzie J

MIB 326,5, o~'the iR,o,yal ,Au s'tra Ij aJn INa vy the ir' Q ra n Q,el\vhwte sc he me. 1 nSAide o"f ti IP tan k s ~5;

~in

'

the first 12 eame from Aermacohi's 8ss embly line and _t he rem runin,g' S,S were to be built by' Commonwealth ,rurcrall \Vith Hawker de, Havilland as mnjor'slub-CoIltracto,r,. Importe d. components and assemblies \v,e "eused tobnild th,~ fi'r.slt 18 Df the licence ..built aircraft, ' T}1,e, RAA.F ]_'¢tia.lly ,e'mploy,ed the ~iB,",32:'6:t1P ure ~Y'or- the, basi e 'ph a,ss of , f i_'t~ training syllabus, retaining the CA~
2'7 Sabre

foT. the advanced phase, However, in 1970, B,iler three years of service,the Hili decided 'Eo'use the .. ,;~sie ;:]' ,~~ , _',' ~,~1Ji :,_ tor a ME '. !II)~, ~'H!I" tlne entire basi ann nov~~,'ced P?~S~s,.,~furt,h~r 12 ~B~,~216Hs

tract (bri ngi n:g' ths total

wer,e ,~,dd,e',Cl th.'m' original to

batch of 1'0 was ordered fa,,.. 'the Itoyal Australisn Navy. In 197 7 Ieomm onwe alth .Aireraft co'mple'ted a feasability Sj.t.u.d._y concerning ·th~,up da..tin.~'of the R_~lIS ~1:B..326 fleet, At that time, th,e total eost was estimated a tju ,Si,t OV"8'r Aus t $ 2,5 m'ilru ion,

'to 81) Rna a

RAl\F con ..,

or 1.0-'12 pereent

'Of the cost of e compIe tely' :1);E:fW j ret tr.W ner programe ~ ,As D, I"efi,ultof this study, the -A.u~ttali-an ,go'V, ..
8;

provision for' armament and. being asS,], gnod primarily for flyin.g tr aJn~i:n,g,. U S1-ng a TJ ro totyP' M:S,.,.,s,26M-retBin.le d. in Italy ~ Aerm acchi d,ev-elop,e:d an armed versi on for operational use with vari nus, armame nt configuration s, This vsrsi on was subsequently built 1zy Atlas Aircm,ft Corporation, South ~~fri,C'a'l$en! =.

supplied

by Aermaechi,

th.,ese Tacking

~~~~~!t Os he f~~pi:~~m~~: s~;t:~d~~~~6 'ft and by the mid~,~
was cycle,d th:rutl,gh the LO'T,EX,,{Life-uf=
~) I" il:'l!'iD.''P'I,;'';;'''''IB ~IIC! J "'II :. (..!Ii:;' ,.,' I.
>A-,

bryo aircraft industry which ca.,ITI e in to ooin.g sarly in 1965~- ~nit:i8.l1y Italian .. ,

t

RA.iI\F~~:s eet

Type, .. gxtension) which ,ex.'tende·d the ~ ·tupi!'L~';;,!' 11'J"'a rn c' ,:.-:r.: ,I~ l'iLlf' ;81,-00 t 9J10',,'th ieI'" '~en. :. ,u , .. years.. Ab'OlJ,'t 9. dozen '~m,~,32,B,s WIG,re

manufactured parts wel":e U.S'B'a.~ but ,these 'wel'~.~prrogres]l've_l~~1.tP~]~n'te~ ~Y s ~ ceally-made com ponents, some 1,25 runt aft being bui l.t for the' S~~1.s, Tac'·=
t~ealIGroup"

processed at any one 'Mm,s, the LOTEX modi fieati OIl~ occ upyi ag' Som eo 15 weeks, Replacement wing, fuselage and tail eomponents where necessary

M,o~c ,Power,fal Ver~i.ons The' parent company had rolled out 'its 1 DOth :Pr1:B", in'De~e'm'ber 1'965, and to ,326

programme, and imprevements were in. troduce d in to the C oek pit and avicniea
SyStiliUl1! s,
=-

were produ ee.d Ion the ori gtn.al ji gs an a tool S use d.in til e' lie rei nee -manufae turing rh~ a test 'i n tere,stinig' ehB_pter in the I ,]R.A1\F MB,.3~l6sto~, ,is tile re-establish" ~'nu n'f:' No 7-:'C 'l'j'~"a' a "Ml~I"~ n, - ":" """'~~ u unl t'.
... ._~'~ 0,

I

~B~2~:p::~nfo~=e~j~id:~~::
,t~ken in 1988 that ~ingsn

fmg'ht,er

~.lSl~anded. In

.. ,'_:'v.

' ~'

S' ','_

(I,nit

.'',' ugust

!i.;ii.:_'

1918 ,_ ~SJ a. day equipped wi th the

IjnO",11;.'

fi

'

,~

Bristol "'Siddeley had" proposed an uprated version of'the arrcraft powered by the 'Viper 20:~ 'wpi,ch. ofi:er_ed a ,36 per ""ain tl' 1: n' I"""r ~o~~ .. t M'" '3';f.)~, • ."n ,th" ,. ~o 'had PTOV'F.H']. 'hi:g h 1:y m anos uVT'M,l~ wh en. earryi ng stores a t hi frh speeds, and ..it, had been determined that, with the
L'~, .... " ,,'-r D,'i':ll ~a
]'.
I.

b 1y line"

'were to be all production aircraft for a further '& W~)years '. However, well 'be!or e' the lOO·th 'machine had left the assamAertn aechi in concert w,it'h,

this tims .a1],aircraft had been powered by' the Viper II 200 Seri es @n,gi:n,9:;9.:5,

rl'l C! ,JL. b.l1~.-.·iIi

Thl ' -

'.. ,;1;1. I.~I.~

,--

BI

-

1][

were 'to be a.warded on th·E' Pflatus 'fle,g when sufn)cit:'n.~, "muir-craft of this tyP~ became :9.vanla_~ le for advance d t~wnln.g~ Th e ~,.FDi n l¥JlD"Q'~O', t::1·H -11 't" en iL ..... • thd ~ rawn f.rom wu 1·h ,iUe W11C.:' the advanced ~y~bmlls:l' ,ana No 7,6, Squadron M1l provide an 1.n,tIlodu.etllry
l

Bubs~ntia'~'],y'hig"h,e:r tru,8:~tsof'the yip~r
210 ~ th Ie sxts rnal

Ibm With some local strenghtening
cope with the improved

load eoul d be almost do'ubled~·toa.maximum of 4:,000
SU]if'8'S

performance

to

Ii!)

I~o.~~r~~Dor pros~ec,1:ive:~F'=lll_ ..~la'Vi~~ t,or~",,F-1.8 and lFi~lll pd lots il'nd a. a,ay f~ht~,l' ~'n'~ti n..u~ti ~n. ·tf"aini~.,g· eour~ell fjOIW~I'V'er, th,Q RAAF ,doe ia not ,c!On,~'1.d'Er '~~~M,:B~~,,~'~:H,~,to,reB]iy ad.iequa.'te far' ~~

1~ MB3:26, Mr~1542JJ4/0· r SCLJlo1I,a VollO B,a.si:to :In~zia,~e,l'ta,li',an A,F' ba.se\d a~,Galati,na~ ILecc'e'i n,aty'" 1962. 'Oirang:s' O'~er,all'w:ith bl!alc,k COd!SB ,and :sena:l.
2'., MB3i2:6F~ G705~ Ghana, A,firFaroe be,s,9 d ,9.,1 Tamale~ Ghana~1'9'65~ D,a,rk Grss'n/D,ark Ea rth cam ouflag!9 w'it.h Pale 8il ue u nde rs:ides,. ~h3 fu s e:la 9 9 ba r1:d and no sa are or,a i191ear Ir,ed 10 UU~ne' in bl ack ip -tanks. a re or ang,e'4ed . lB~ ck :serlaJ a
I 1

,No 71S Squadron·s ro]es" and w'Ould 'Eve::ntually' :r~qu~:re allClut SO re'plai(!em.e'nit ,B.],rcraft~ ob'vi:ous, c:'onoo'nd.,ers in,,,,
Ieludin,g' the

nrIB,.3.3 g" the Ilawk ,an d the CASA C~lOl. T'u~ Sou-t'h ,A{=ri'can Ai r' Forc:s (',S,AAF) 'i ni ,ti a-lly 'l~q,uil"'e th,~ ~rB,.,3:2'8, Lor ~'h a. e' basie pahs@' of its, fl,yi,nlg tr,rd:f,ling sylla:bus, b'ut ~!so desired, enlp'loying' the

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J. MB3,26.8 50fMF'G ol'r the Tunl:sia· ,A,epubli,ca.n ,AF~ 11966~ Orange-red o:ve'lial~ with ~ ight r,ed ti:p-tank:s and ta:i IIin tti p:$" C ode:sJse ri,al s are b ~ack,-

4:.. M'B 3'26 'M Imp ala ~J1k'1 48 2,~Sou th ,A'f'r~an A,~ Fa 'eel '1'969 ~ AI u'm inilU m, 'd'o pad c r
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m,(]fI~~ggr'~8sive capab"i~'ities offhe ai-rer aft fo,'r we ap on, 5, tr.ai.ni n.g a.n d as 8,OCI '," a,'ted. task,s~ The, SrQtrt'h. ,jC~rican model Y~nlS de'8m gn Q'ted ME 32 6M by t'h,e p'tl'litnlt
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se'ah~,t,., (PhQ'.l:o Ae.rm,Ci ccn'i) Be~cw' tJlg'tI,'I.:IB~ue,and.whUe ,AustraJian N,avy' M 83:2 6,$ ,,-IfPhil to via' ,N ,Mack;enzla; irritial order for 112 ~~B'm:3216GCs~ hile,b' w

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supplem Sin,'taiTY'order for 15 'bringing the 'tom} p'!.'ncuredl h.ry th.,e service '~~' 18.7. EMBRAE,R production conttrruad

th'rough 19'79i" Including MB~,S,2eGGs exported to T'DgO~

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'~rtt'er' 'the, S,i'n,gi.e.:S,eate:r The ,nv'rula,bi]ity of th e ,4~ 000 lb st, Yip er GOOSeries encoul'0fd Aermatchi to develop ,the, A1B".3'216 ..... esign :a stage furtheir~ s, single-seat light attac:k. ~rnld.. op.. erational training airer aft, se[e,~t~g_t'h,e

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two le']elc:trieally~opera't.ed :DE'F,A, 55,S cannon W~M :in.s,tal),ed. in the 1ower fuael.Etge wa]} 5 th,e 'elimj n,atJion of the second. eockpd t provi din;g space for the ir 1,2;5,·,

d' ~,"" mu_.n.i..-J.,:y.;l!I,1!i '..'...... .., ~T' wh.li~II" lA -~"iIr~nn: ~' nks ~~'L . v-' eated on,rails, could, slidein and out, as
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't:ran.s,ferred _,-, the nos,e ~ .om,
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and

:~~ B""326L respe C'DY,S] y~ TIle aec],sj on to

proceed ~,th the MB~S26K,'wa~, taken Jin

~June19 89,], and the prototype, powered ,[ItVi~ler540~~~,~d.e: ,fi::r~t.~,~ fr11~ i't~ ,gh.,~

:b~' Ven~no
from

on 22 August, uno WIth Coman,":nte Carestiato at tl:re controls. Th.e second, L r,' 11~ pro't9type joined the_l1,ro ... dgramme In ths ',I'OI,J owirrg year, ann ..'.~'W .
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per 63,,2-43~ de'm[ons'tra'ting excellent performance and outstanding' Iow-altitude manoeuvrability ..

t]"e outse:f';

'\Yl,thth'9 definl'tive'Vi ..

0·-:·h, er '.Dr·'d''-',[ ,~rom, ~ . . JI'I' .'] '~],owe,~,"d"'- .~,n , .'·t:·:. "' '. mrs, ,~ .....1It r.a.:Il,,I·,.!L.ca, . _.' '.' 1,0, 19 16 'wh,,@'n Tuni.sia Q'rdel'"[Eui eight 'Idf 'B" ~ Q,Ii':'!' K'" ·T··· t:tl" -'. 't-- - :..l J'U~ S1.n.b.e-sea_el"1~, an.a .fi':[ ~,our -M'·', 3~i"l.a[=LT·· tw 'O~IC~,~ jI-...... "8," t· '-hiD"r".g.~I~~""~P:· ,"" , . '. ""'.~u;. "'_ . [:'. II'I"~"'~ ~:,' '~~'.~ ,. merrt of the ,SerV1C~::i ~¥huadron 0, all. >,<:",':- ~'.-.". -:-:- '-, =r "-.~ ..-:t]en,1!; F B6,F Ba,b:res,,, ,', aese aircraft.... j.oi 11e~ si ,gh t M' B ,,3:~ul,B, 'tr a~n ers '~'hich. h 9l... 00 d .··.en, acq_ul.re, d In ,- .". ...... AI" ln · '. 19'6-5' ." S,O · -9' "t!!.' 1G'h I 'Ill-... 1. 'il o~,:- . ana piaee d,,0. eon tract Mt~-iJ\, ,.-. Aer• ·n 1 m ,I}C,C11 t': 51X,' 'M"B' 3-2~K'_.:__[ :~u g'[e . It} !:, B 1·, lor seaters for use primarily in t',h,s light attack rol e beeomi ng tb,[e 'first comba t al'rcTsit to be 'm'ken into t'be Ghan:!! Air ~ ._ .
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th,~ Mf' FtlT.C81 of ,th,~U'ni,ted, ,Ara'h, Emirates", The'se we,re-'la ter a.u~gr!tent.ed,'by an adcUtl,onal 'two ,~m;;32,6lrns a.nd '-'on.e MB,~,Si26,L,D~ Late in 19'72 th,e 'Ch,ai,rm,an of th,e
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(C'®m~Iln,m:,!rJ 1JJY!' ,~vH£.''!r,ll@'~·l1.ir;;"m~£mCm Sb:·.!DV1i·e~·G3
Full-scala p·.roductlon etths 18-2has, bleen de'la~~"ed fc'r aJ:'.IIIe.as't one ... l [yea fo[l~owijng the revised FV', 990 budge,l.. ~ IOWIQVer!1 thlrea B~2 slea~t i born bers are n Ie ari ng rom p 9't:icn,;. as show n ln a pidUire h
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raloaaed Io.:y 1he US' Air IFcrca (leh)' ~The-re are no, 8,..2 PO;~.'D.ftyp·es : as, 'yat The first a ircratt, ro'r~Ied en 22 nd Novlsmlbe r last 'Y·ear, ou'l: but yo[t to 'illy, was lbu11~ on productlcn 'toorn[gl~ By IU:alrch this yeart the 'B~,2has, accumulated more tnan [ 2.0 ,000 hours of 'wilrrh~'I:U'nll ·I:es.~ngil.44,~IOO'O hours Olt avionics e~ 1 ssting, 6:,000 hours 0'1 fligh"t control tests I~t~d Ilva~ula1iion and thousands of heu s of a~ rlorlaft m j'S·S.hl n Slimula{ len, Th e born bar's unrafuBlha,d range is mor'Q 'than 6[1000 nm at an aU:itude orf 50~O[OOI tt and 1n10n3' than 1;o.ooo nm at h~gh altitude w'iU, ref. eUing[ "I s range is, de'.rived from thiS serodynamic en~c:illncy 01' '~hle'Uyii' g w[i.~g_~_ w'lth. ihe el!mination _the h~ri~?ntal and vertical tai surtacss, and this. consequent reduction lin draq, Five other B..2s[ will ba operational aircrah, 110 ba as.s~lglnedi in lt ia'il y 1:[0f~'j9 ht va ~ru t ion [sl: Ed ward s Al r Fe rice Base '~nCa.11 rrniia .. a iifc
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[O-"JMA' N'J '-"·O'·"cS" 'TP'(O"'N''. IIE'S- " TO'IRNIAD'O I, _ '. . -: i·,,",·. FO'R HAWKS, Ornani Air Force has [again postponed the
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pU chase..[ olf eight Panavla Tornados but has an no _.need lts ~me,nltiio to order an ns una :'Ie[cif-edi n mbsr [of e,Ae Hawks [and S ho rt s J a'val m n m an -PO' rt [BJb~ su rf ace-1,0= e air m ~ssiies ~ Th 19 Torn ad 0 order w'as, l si:gn,ed in 1 9[85, w'i~hi an op~~Qln a further [~'or tour'" In 1987, ·the"A[i[r Forree' requestedthat 'I' air dei~liv8wy b~ pOS' poned '1:0 199-2" Re,liable sources s·a~rh at the Hawk ordar t 'wil~1number [60 aireratt which include both the H[aw.< 100t~voI~se!a1 attack v'ariatr~t 21'-d ,n, IQ s.~ng 19 seat Hawk 200.,
1

olrd e red by fh 19 Swiss .A~,r!FOJOS ~n 119,S;7• 'fh~'w from 'Dun.sfolld ailrli:eld. I~twill be dle~h/e'redl later this ylsar 1.0 SW'j zerlane, The Hawk'ls· Mlk. ISI.S·wit· e[nte r seirviclr=J in
af de Havilland V[ampwre trainers, whicl~' w;i~1 IhlQ n [nlavS' been in ssrvics for some by · ,y··ft 4O The Hawk wa.s sBI;sc ad by the SW'IS·.S ", L'~ --~.,- '... '. 5 ,.,.,". ··t···, ,. ... '. ,Ii 'f: A
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11990 re"pl,a1lcing ths :Swiis:s Aiir Force's fh~Uid

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The date o,f 310th Sep'~.,e'mber' ,t_" is ),iB'sr'
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66[.s wi,111 co-produced be by B[Ale and .sw i!,S' iIndust ry 'wiith f Ii na.11as S Ie! m b1ly and 'fng,tI~test I:a!king place at 1"8 : 'e[cblnaJI AiJ'01 at Factory in Em[men~ aver 370 Hawks ~a1V'I~ b,elerll ordlErr'ed or deliversd with a. Iurther [302 T _,·.sA IGOlshaw:ks l~e[q'U'iredIor ,s,ervice by the IUS Navy ~ E,xport 0 rd ers ,3nd r,e q u Ii r'elm e r1It s no,w' st and at lover 49:0 al rcra t TO ircustc mare in '1 0 count.ri. S aercas Iou r co -·~tn,ents,.

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curr8~tly in production

IT'AlIA1N A.IR iFORC[E i .:ECEI'V,ES F'IJR511i ,AMX. T liS li!al~c.nAir Fo!r'ce has takis·n delivery [01 tha ft irs'i. of six A M X a ircratt, Th e AM X. is, Ae'rm [2I,CC h ~ plant 5,. h,ended QIV9'r tot' .6' Reperto Sperimental'e 'Vo~o Ifl'ratloa d i Ma :re Ai r 18as,a for in! enat s iV's f liy inlg trials,
[at A@ri[a.I]~a and Th e f at A MX 'was,

a span o~'15,. months. Oodenarnsd Opera,tl a n Vi,~tl th B' ,Air Iift ~ vel ~ve,d sav e ral eIS'~ n US,AF !Ir,~ns[portplanes like th~.'·c.. 7'., ~c! ~4p C":~?_FI'Y[ln9 Bo~ca.lr an,d C=54~ [)~nn~ the ,Alir I~rft. 3'1 Aim e ncan anm eU1 lest their

marks the ,4JOt h an In'IV ersaJy' 5 ~nlce the A'· ~I~ .tl" B ier I'in :1' I~' was O~'~ , I~ 1:IQlrmllna'iELd ICla.,~y More than .2 ~:3 rn ~[II ion tons, '(d~.G,~ppli:es· we r"ecarrl eJ. d 10 n more th a n 277 00 (1 f: Ilg tits, sncc ~i;t: star 'ed!OIr1, ,26h JUine[~19'4·a'was
i~ j'

Ear~y in 1948~ ho.[w6n/i~n~, 'the Sov~.let Unlilo begia~ hampe[irilnrg sur'face tr,af~lic to the wes'l:ern sectors lof Ben'Ilin. A, complete shut~dawn_~·y road, raill [S nd 'w,atle'~'{)iCC U ir[8 d iln J uniB" Th ~ ~e[d th 19 s to IBalMliin Airlljft by the 'We,s,tern ,A1li 9S which ~ot nderrw~:yIon ,26th J.~~'9'~194,8'1' inv·~'I~~· 'I,ng tha ca r~agsi ,of ,anyth~ng'from coal to
w,ids ccrricors.
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GarmanYI' ~nc~uding 'USB of thrss 20 .. ilam

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re'~ir'ed' by .·.. SA 1(J'w[alrds ImidiiAp,rrl~ The A U-2C was the nilnl.h buil;t b'V Lockh9~e·dI ,and W'ras[ 1:r2nnsdlerrredi t[Q NASA ijn 197'11 as an IsnvLm til:me[nta~ ri9search aircraft.. tt 'was bur~ in 11 [!;l55, a1 I'h[e C(J'mpany!s Sk,unk. 'W'[OII~k-S i1n iB!urbanlk.. II had SG,t 116 . ew' aititJdl9 a,lnd l~e..o~climb[ recolrd,s durijn:g fS[ t

~g ,alt~tude reconn a lss.a,nc 9 a,iiircr,aJt w·~s· h..

Illves in '12.crashes, At. the heig~:hto't the A,irl:~U:! ~39i8landing5 at hie thn~9 airports (Ts'geL, iin the Fre'nch lO[,r19, [Gato.w· illn "hie Bri' .ish ,zon'9 and T'emlp~lho'U W9_llll m~de .. Thas8 ·same p~anes had 1,31918 lak 90Ts,'folr a tcrta of 2 796 ai'rc:r,a.ft mIOV'em 9nts, [in ·the S,8.. e day,; With the 1 [440 minutes in a m s,ii gls da'y, these! mOVlemlents meam. an
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NASA's ,Abcur :160' UI",2s 'were bu~!ltbylClckheledi dUlni.' 9 the, 1[8S0s. and 1196108 .. M Olr9 t.han 40 o'f t.lhe! 0. rl,g inail prod u c1i[on I~nre were lEa,i'helr l(n~~'I, a'oc~dents orby host~IQf~re, A, in
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"I·,-ft-' -,-,a· '.- '.' ,:i ,". ,. 8.:rrcra _ hi" d ,to·wo wln"g ,_'-5'mm" 'FN:' \._, Browning machine -,~ns, in the: wings in ,at!dit.ionto'_ th€ pair' 'IDi(HJll bald rnside the top ofth,!~ €1n,gi:ne: cowling, The first examples efthis '.', r .' or -de ,-,'RIT1.ved=. .'n F:i rO.no€! 41,.-, . ,'., 'ds ,t"I'1e . -, towar is _ : " end of 1938 where th.ey' were reassembled a.t Bnurges, These w,s.r'e' powered by the 1,,0'50' hp Pratt, '& Whitney" R-l8,30="SC=,3G~1 the fa'm r\IU' !'~w·:·n .~ e- n" Th-I-~- " In n. '!l.~"..o''rIf!'e-· fitted OIU't with metric instrumenta'Don to suit French, Air Force 'Te!-, quirements, including th'ro-ttte levers which acted in an O'PIPO site diree ... tion, In Fren,ch service these we:'re 5~-:d,·"" __ .e,01:gu a 't· d H--"I '-_. 'C·-1 €1 'I'hs French doubled their order 1 I ~- :1 - ".Ile . ,.. 'Y'!~,al",.,Y "] n. 1 l:'i3"9 t'h-~- t' lID~: Jl!.o''r t - - H7~: IS" ~--- ~ - 1 .. h nac dditi A2. wruen 1. d an aem rona 1 parr 0" , ~ r-' ,. d- ne f wtng ,guJ1,S ,~n' t11 insta .lation 0,,' ~he R-l8,~,O-S~C,3,G engine followed by an order for 1,35 H'75=A3 which had the improved 1,:20'0 hp R,-1830~, -.3S- C' '. oiil'IG' -, Th e P~·351ste rt do'es not 'CQ,me' w'ith if1: the :sco1pe of
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tan .. gled in a deadly battle with Ze:~ tr ansfer to Raho da Peixe in the . h ~1 B'1 n.' eims, ancd h '. " _, h "t . '" ~ . t" res lV:-J. !eescorting ..... e ~Of.es . wnere j.-- remamer d In, active ']".":·t-'t'---o of'its owr )'JI"1-.--~: .. ,--. ,- . rd'i,- this unit receive d thecode -X-Y-,':, wrn,.] rY· it h d .....__ h .,e service un.tillB45 . ost ,-WQ Q .rts nwn ciamungcne-an .. 1.-, ,; '}if'- - f th ..' 'T"h" '. e l·l,... ..-".' ,al] Briti sh serials W' ere replaced by , .,,' ' j~~~~ th: numbers from 4,80 to 49'0" Thus, the HA\WK- 'S--BYi\NY- ----0" THE'I I ".', R•. ' Nll- mbusy wit-h, strafing attacks and unit became known as Esquodrilla Several other countries had found ib .. h '1 ~ th Ha",W k attractive, inelucd-· t... e -,;, '. '1 ing' h b om'"ar escorts w h.'~C:,I- culminated d .xy 'until, it was officially numbered ne ,i_ " in the heavy u,ghting ,at.Imphal in Esquadrilla de Casa Nr ,3 after its. Chi.n,es€ government which also ')'1ST'ch 1943~ :By 'May No 1.ei,5""-s Mohawks were usedfor dive, bombing with 201b bombs in support of 0' __ I .~' " _ __ I .' .•. _ ..... D--"El-LER' .,,> ,...:.' .....; IE:: T'h:eli IN'T'ER-: N'. .' A' T-I I .....-'-' ..... NA-L .P-"LA-' S-- T'IC-:', '. ~_! M'-O"" --=- _. _' _ __: .-S····S'"0'-':,C'-:'-_--IIr::T'_.Y-:' bYfou.nd,t.roopsand continued to give this valid service thr ough out, that II'NVlT':ES VO',U TO IMPROVE Y'OUR M'!ODELING SKI'LLS! yea-r ]B!al"y in 1944, what was left lof l S'---' U,0"I'-P-·I··'I¥I /··'.~'. S·_'--··A~·· ··,-FFE-'R-S····_··· 'V"-"~:O"··-··-Uk . N o - ,;'8 -" -'M,0:-: 3,vL s were retiredd 1155 ,': h with, the arrival of'Spitfire VIlIs" rerrv1 e m bern hip i in e no n- p rofit 0 rga,1l1zat ro n Io Uin de rj i ··"I medira, "By Mode,~er's For M-ode~ers'" equippmg In
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which is published six Urnes annualty. 'The JO'URNAL contains reviews ot nle;w k:iis a rid accessories: artrcres on conversions. scratcb-bu Hoi ntg. suner-oetau i'n'g, o_a.mouflage, and rnarkinqs: ~OC2l.l" reg ii,ol1,al, and n a~ ional I P'M,g news. and !lml!Jclh more, Members can also buy IPMiS Special Pn)duct~L such as cecats a n'd! :SU oer ,d,et aj IIi jr) 9 par'1's; ~V,~ if ,e: b I,e 0 n ~Y t II- ro u,g_h I P M S, 'YES ~ IE n to II me now ,iln ~ 1MSIU 9,A. P IIenclose $ for onevolume year rnernbershipm iIPMSiUSA_ I ''J nderstand l h is rn 8 rnbersh [pi i·lflc tuoes a su bscrl ptron to t~l e IPMS/USA, J'()U ~'NAL tor this volu rna year.

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a hac; :-UPI force, especially m ease th e situa t" on wors .. d ,.¥v·ill llf"l., ·1 .tr _1 ene: e · t -ou._ Af-' -rrca, some were given ro S th ~_-' • about twelve were handed over to Portugal. The latter had an :inter·~ 0":- b es t· - career, aIT1VID,g lJ1_C t ooer mg I' t d 19'--'-41 a to' t b ":-',-,. - ,·'-'-a ,_-,ase' (. . on,e \v,as.o-s"'ur"" "' ft mg fl" l' testing arter re-asssm .... rngnt t ti T'h-ese ba: 'II,Y '-'or'ffifL'd one "y", I~are f b'I'J squadron under the command of -D!" C- aptain S---Sarmento. Lrurmg mi.d '.'I
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IDENT W,HIITE' I[_DULl)

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A she ep 'in 'wo:1s ,c~,o'thi g!! The captured Haw"lk H75 A,..4 appea:r's 110 Ina,V'B' iintrig ued the Germans r n enough tc r,ep,ajnt.it iiini'flUl~ Lurtwaffe m arkirl'g s and evaiuale lit. It ~san e,~,·,French maehne, one c I: ~he' ~9.ry few A,-4s 10 ba VB arrived befo re the' Fire nCh su r re nde r.

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vld ed by law INlo 1 10'1:the Football As,soc:'!"" 8 '11oml 'which state's tha-~, ~~T minimum siza '8 o'f' a fOD'iball p ito h will be, 90 m,elt res iIn, ir9'nglt.h and ·4.5,- m11Ed~8S 'in widthU~ Forths spaca butts, ,B',URA,Ni;s 36.,4 m 'le"9:, spa. ns :2 4· m a.fiild we 19i h S' 6S ton S111

I'P~' '0, cClurtesr of lt1,~USSR Elm bas~r ._ Ma~ta) oms

~l\UAN A,llltRIFO:RCES
,CAMOUFLAG:E'

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'1 '5 I ~,LIAN 1935-' 9,45FO ..___,
A uotque review of the Italian Ajr Forces' ccmounoqe evonmon over ten ~m,port'lont'vears! The bcok is hi,gh~y'illustrotec thr'Qugnout w;lth ei'Q,ht pages of superb colour df,9wi~g~s end t,hrele pages of ~n~:lsp~ns.Oblecpoenclces. Now In IIf'Ssecond edition th~spubllcntlon wm rerncn 01 standard reference on the subject for rncov years to come. Wrirften end illustrated bvcn expert on t'he subject, Richard J Coruono. Edlte,d by Mic:holel Bonello.
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a, MAR'KING,S

THE AV

~~~~

ITAt~ANAIIR FORlCES
1'~3-'~~·45'-

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ITLI

THE AVIAZJONE NIAZI'ONA- - REIPUBBtllCANA

N .'. I F·
1943-1945

C5

For the very first 'tl;me in the EngHsh ~an:guage, he story or the Itolioln Air Force 'wh,ich continued to fight the AII~esunf] the iost day' ot the war in Europe! This Ii!t~_e_know ,~sulbjle_ctform:,s the ~a.c kgro,~'~,d t~,_a pro't~s~~y ~stn~tedwork' ~tth ill many phctocrcors seeln;g the, ~~ght day tor the fl.rst 111me: Title outhor nos of also Illus roted fh,e cotourtu: calmouf~age and markings WhiCh ocornec the aircraft afi'he A,v;azione Ndzio'n,a/e Re,pub,bllcan,a. No Ilass then eight pages of fU.'U.CO oUI.r rt wirth mor~ pages of black & white camooflage details. and a a poge of us,eftul appendices 'to Q' story wh~,chnee,ded to to tOlld. Written, and i11lU str'ote'd by Rlichard J Corucno, Edited by Michc,el Boneilo.
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AIRIWA,R OV'E'R MALIA

Au-;! 'A~

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AIRW·ROVE.

AIR WAR .N THE ME'D. P'ART ONE

THE ALLIES

Due to the, p,opulari'ty of the sB,rjl'es with the some name, iln M'odela~d ~Inlterna~ tlonol lmagczine~ the p:ublishlers hove glrlouped the crnctes in book form. Storiles have belen revised and the fext is cornolerrenteo by one otthe fine'sf collections or 'w9rtime photographs to Sle,9' pubncctlon tor th~,first tlme, To odd to the mOdelllinlg vclue ot this,oubncotlon four pogles of fun colour art hove been lnclcded. pilus a supero IP'ol'nti'ng on the cover. Wri'Hen b'y' Frederick Galea. Edited one iI~tustra~ed by Ri,chOlrd' J Ccruonc,

O'ROEAS TOGETH R WIT' RE rITA, CE SHOULID B,ES MODELAID INTERN'ATION1AL PUBlIC·'TI,QNS 111,ou WINDM1L'L STREET, VLLETTA - ~ALT

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