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MATH

Applications to Aerospace

1. The total solar radiation H on a particular surface during an average clear day

is given by:

2

5000

10

H

t

=

+

where t ( 6 6 t ÷ s s ) is the number of hours from noon. Note that 6 a.m. is

equivalent to t = -6. Find the instantaneous rate of change of H with

respect to t at 3 p.m.

2. The altitude h (in meters) of a jet as a function of the horizontal distance x (in

kilometers) it has traveled is given by:

4 3 2

0.000104 0.0417 4.21 8.33 h x x x x = ÷ + ÷

Find the instantaneous rate of change of h with respect to x for x = 120

km.

3. The lowest flying speed v (in ft/s) at which a certain airplane can fly varies

directly as the square root of the wing load w (in lb per sq. ft). If v = 88 ft/s

when w = 16 lb /sq ft, find the derivative of v with respect to w.

4. A bullet is fired vertically upward. Its distance s (in ft) above the ground is

given by:

2

2250 16.1 s t t = ÷ where t is the time (in s).

Find the acceleration of the bullet.

MATH 112 –Aerospace Applications Page 2

5. An airplane flies over an observer with a velocity of 400 mph and at an

altitude of 2640 ft. If the plane flies horizontally in a straight line, find the rate

at which the distance x from the observer to the plane is changing 0.6 min

after the plane passes over the observer. RE sketch below.

400 mph P

2640 ft X

O

6. The power supply P (in watts) in a satellite is given by:

0.005

100

t

P e

÷

=

where t is measured in days. Find the time rate of change of power after

100 days.

7. A meteorologist sketched the path of the jet stream on a map of the northern

U.S. and southern Canada on which all latitudes were parallel and all

longitudes were parallel and equally spaced. A computer analysis showed

this path to be given by:

( )( )

0.020

6.0 sin0.20 where 0 60

x

y e x x

÷

= s s

The origin is 125.0 , 45.0 and the point (60,0) is 65.0 , 45.0 W N W N .

Find the locations of the maximum and minimum latitudes of the jet stream

between 65 and 125 W W for that day.

8. A missile is launched and travels along a path that can be represented by:

y x =

A radar tracking station is located 2 km directly behind the launch pad.

Placing the launch pad at the origin and the radar station at (-2, 0), find the

largest angle of elevation required of the radar to track the missile.

MATH 112 –Aerospace Applications Page 3

9. A space vehicle is launched vertically from the ground such that its velocity v

(in km/s) is given by:

( )

2

2 3

3

ln 1

1

t

v t

t

(

= +

¸ ¸

+

where t is the time in seconds. Find the altitude of the vehicle after 10

seconds.

10. The velocity ds/dt (in meters/second) of a projectile is given by

9.8 16 ds dt t = ÷ +

Find the displacement s of the object after 4 seconds if the initial

displacement is 48 m.

0e0. A missile is launched and travels along a path that can be represented by: y x A radar tracking station is located 2 km directly behind the launch pad. 45. An airplane flies over an observer with a velocity of 400 mph and at an altitude of 2640 ft.0 N .S. and southern Canada on which all latitudes were parallel and all longitudes were parallel and equally spaced. A meteorologist sketched the path of the jet stream on a map of the northern U. 400 mph P 2640 ft X O 6. RE sketch below.6 min after the plane passes over the observer. 7.0 N and the point (60. 0). Find the locations of the maximum and minimum latitudes of the jet stream between 65 W and 125 W for that day.0 W . find the largest angle of elevation required of the radar to track the missile. 45. A computer analysis showed this path to be given by: y 6.5.020 x sin 0. Find the time rate of change of power after 100 days.0 W . MATH 112 –Aerospace Applications Page 2 . The power supply P (in watts) in a satellite is given by: P 100e0. If the plane flies horizontally in a straight line.005t where t is measured in days.20 x where 0 x 60 The origin is 125. 8. find the rate at which the distance x from the observer to the plane is changing 0.0) is 65. Placing the launch pad at the origin and the radar station at (-2.

MATH 112 –Aerospace Applications Page 3 . 10.9. The velocity ds/dt (in meters/second) of a projectile is given by ds dt 9. A space vehicle is launched vertically from the ground such that its velocity v (in km/s) is given by: v ln 2 t 3 1 t2 t3 1 where t is the time in seconds. Find the altitude of the vehicle after 10 seconds.8t 16 Find the displacement s of the object after 4 seconds if the initial displacement is 48 m.

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