IAE 2012

Angela Shaw

Earth Summit to Rio+20: The Journey

Warning: There is no answer at the end of this pack…
Translate data into ACTION…!

Action for change

Choices Options Insights / Conclusions Data: What you see, hear, read and experience

2

Rio+20: On the road again
UN Conference on the Human Environment UN Conference on Sustainable Development

Stockholm 1972

Jo’burg 2002
Kenya 1982

Rio+30 2022

UN Conference on the Environment and Development

Rio+20 2012

3

The Earth Summit: Context
COLD WAR ENDS
Spread of globalisation, Democracy and market economy

CHERNOBYL
Nuclear power plant meltdown

BRUNDTLAND REPORT
“Can enable economic growth”

RAINFOREST AWARENESS
Destruction gains international attention

GULF WAR
Burning of oil fields

RIO EARTH SUMMIT

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

LIVE AID
highlights poverty and hunger

OZONE LAYER
Reported; Montreal Protocol agreed

EXXON VALDEZ spill

CLIMATE CHANGE
IPCC first assessment

NGO GROWTH

Majority of timeline: http://www.worldwatch.org/brain/features/timeline/timeline.htm www.thekidswindow.co.uk/news/Berlin_Wall.htm www.paul-simon.info/PHP/biography.php www.amazon.co.uk NGO Graph: SustainAbility 2003 © based on information from the Union of International Associations

www.time.com

4

The Earth Summit: Context
COLD WAR ENDS
Spread of democracy, globalisation and market economy

CHERNOBYL
Chernobyl nuclear power plant meltdown

BRUNDTLAND REPORT
“Can enable economic growth”

RAINFOREST
Destruction gains international attention

GULF WAR
Burning of oil fields

Rio Earth Summit

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

LIVE AID
highlights poverty and hunger

OZONE LAYER
Reported; Montreal Protocol agreed

EXXON VALDEZ spill

CLIMATE CHANGE
IPCC first assessment

NGO GROWTH

Majority of timeline: http://www.worldwatch.org/brain/features/timeline/timeline.htm www.thekidswindow.co.uk/news/Berlin_Wall.htm www.paul-simon.info/PHP/biography.php www.amazon.co.uk NGO Graph: SustainAbility 2003 © based on information from the Union of International Associations

www.time.com

5

The Earth Summit: Context
COLD WAR ENDS
Spread of globalisation, Democracy and market economy

CHERNOBYL
Chernobyl nuclear power plant meltdown

“Can enable economic growth” international Destruction gains
attention

BRUNDTLAND REPORT RAINFOREST
1987 1988

GULF WAR
Burning of oil fields

Rio Earth Summit

1985

1986

1989

1990

1991

1992

LIVE AID
highlights poverty and hunger

OZONE LAYER
Reported; Montreal Protocol agreed

EXXON VALDEZ spill

CLIMATE CHANGE
IPCC first assessment

NGO GROWTH

Majority of timeline: http://www.worldwatch.org/brain/features/timeline/timeline.htm www.thekidswindow.co.uk/news/Berlin_Wall.htm www.paul-simon.info/PHP/biography.php www.amazon.co.uk NGO Graph: SustainAbility 2003 © based on information from the Union of International Associations

www.time.com

6

The Earth Summit: Context
COLD WAR ENDS
Spread of globalisation, Democracy and market economy

CHERNOBYL
Chernobyl nuclear power plant meltdown

BRUNDTLAND REPORT
“Can enable economic growth”

RAINFOREST
Destruction gains international attention

GULF WAR
Burning of oil fields

Rio Earth Summit

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

LIVE AID
highlights poverty and hunger

OZONE LAYER DEPLETION
Reported; Montreal Protocol agreed

EXXON VALDEZ spill

CLIMATE CHANGE
IPCC first assessment

NGO GROWTH

Majority of timeline: http://www.worldwatch.org/brain/features/timeline/timeline.htm www.thekidswindow.co.uk/news/Berlin_Wall.htm www.paul-simon.info/PHP/biography.php www.amazon.co.uk NGO Graph: SustainAbility 2003 © based on information from the Union of International Associations

7

The Earth Summit: Context
1972: ~5,000 1982: ~15,000 1992: ~25,000

COLD WAR ENDS
Spread of globalisation, Democracy and market economy

CHERNOBYL
Chernobyl nuclear power plant meltdown

BRUNDTLAND REPORT
“Can enable economic growth”

RAINFOREST
Destruction gains international attention

GULF WAR
Burning of oil fields

Rio Earth Summit

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

LIVE AID
highlights poverty and hunger

OZONE LAYER
Reported; Montreal Protocol agreed

EXXON VALDEZ spill

CLIMATE CHANGE
IPCC first assessment

NGO GROWTH

NGO GROWTH

Spread of democracy, Globalisation diminishes role of governments, Go-between government, business, society

Majority of timeline: http://www.worldwatch.org/brain/features/timeline/timeline.htm www.thekidswindow.co.uk/news/Berlin_Wall.htm www.paul-simon.info/PHP/biography.php www.amazon.co.uk NGO Graph: SustainAbility 2003 © based on information from the Union of International Associations

8

UN Conference on Environment and Development
Agree concrete measures to reconcile economic and development activities with the protection of the planet, in order to ensure a sustainable future for all people.

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

Forest Principles

Convention on Biological Diversity

UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

Commission on Sustainable Development

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Logos UNCED, Photos from Frog Box

How have we done?
Good and Bad…

10

Planetary Boundaries: Safe operating space for humanity

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Stockholm Resilience Centre, 2011 http://www.nature.com/news/specials/planetaryboundaries/index.html

http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/docs/6172.pdf

Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Achieve universal primary education

Promote gender equality and empower women

Reduce child mortality

Millennium Development Goals: 2015

Improve maternal health

Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Ensure environmental stability

12

Develop a global partnership for development

12

MDG: Progress against targets (as of 2010)

Globally, some good progress made
 Poverty reduction  Access to education  Providing access to improved water sources  Decreasing gender disparities

…but more focus needed
 Hunger  Child mortality  Maternal mortality  Education EQUITY is the big story:  Equitable sharing of progress  Rural-urban disparities  Providing equal opportunities for boys and girls (health)

Millennium Development Goals Report Card: Measuring Progress Across Countries (ODI, 2010), http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/docs/6172.pdf http://www.unglobalpulse.org/sites/default/files/reports/MDGReportCard.pdf

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Rio+20: On the road again
UN Conference on the Human Environment UN Conference on Sustainable Development

 Renew politicalStockholm commitment for 1972 sustainable development  Assess progress to date and remaining gaps in the implementation of the Jo’burg outcomes of the major summits on SD 2002  Address new and emerging challenges
Kenya 1982

Rio+30 2022

UN Conference on the Environment and Development

Rio+20 2012

Rio+20: On the road again
UN Conference on the Human Environment UN Conference on Sustainable Development

Stockholm 1972

Jo’burg 2002
Kenya 1982

Rio+30 2022

UN Conference on the Environment and Development

Rio+20 2012

Rio+20 in context
SOCIAL MEDIA

ENERGY SECURITY FOOD CRISIS
2006 2007
(oil price shock)

MDGs REAFFIRMED

DEEPWATER HORIZON
incident

WE ARE 7 BILLION
2011

COP-17
(Durban)

US & CHINA
Leadership transfer- China, US federal elections

2008

2009

2010

2012

Watershed reports

established

GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
Slow-downs, Eurozone crisis, Bankruptcy, Unemployment....

http://www.worldwatch.org/brain/features/timeline/timeline.htm http://www.oxfam.org.uk/oxfam_in_action/emergencies/east_africa_photostory.html Stockholm Resilience Centre, 2011 http://www.nature.com/news/specials/planetaryboundaries/index.html http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/docs/6172.pdf

www.time.com

UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

STATE OF ENVIRONMENT

COP-15
(Copenhagen)

EQUITY
Arab Spring Occupy Movement

FUKUSHIMA
nuclear power plant meltdown.

RIO+20.

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Rio+20 in context
SOCIAL MEDIA

ENERGY SECURITY FOOD CRISIS
2006 2007
(oil price shock)

MDG RE-AFFIRMED

DEEPWATER HORIZON
incident

WE ARE 7 BILLION
2011

US & CHINA
COP-17 Leadership transfer- China, (Durban) US federal elections
2012

2008

2009

2010

Watershed reports

established

GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
Slow-downs, Eurozone crisis, Bankruptcy, Unemployment....

www.time.com

UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

STATE OF ENVIRONMENT

COP-15
(Copenhagen)

EQUITY
Arab Spring Occupy Movement

FUKUSHIMA
nuclear power plant meltdown.

RIO+20.

http://www.worldwatch.org/brain/features/timeline/timeline.htm http://www.oxfam.org.uk/oxfam_in_action/emergencies/east_africa_photostory.html

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Five certainties will shape the next decade
The world of Rio+30 (2022)

Increased data access

Population imbalances

Hyper-transparency Information overload Quantity vs. quality

@
Planetary Stresses

Urbanisation Old & Young Populations Growing, wealthier and consuming more resources

Key resource constraints
Economic, physical, geo-political shortages of food, water, energy, minerals… Consumption demand outstrips supply

Climate change impacts Planetary boundaries

Accelerated shift of wealth to Asia
Decreased influence Europe and US Rapid growth = environmental and social challenges Asian consumers growing richer

FutureAgenda: The World in 2020 http://www.futureagenda.org/pg/cx/view

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UN Conference on Sustainable Development
Institutional framework for sustainable development
in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication

Desired outcome: • Focussed political document • Adoption of clear and practical measures to implement economic, social and environmental goals at all levels

inhabitat.com

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Big ticket items… and they’re all connected!

Food Security Risk Index 2010

Energy access, efficiency and sustainability

Food security and sustainable agriculture

Sustainable cities

Sound water management

Improved resilience and disaster preparedness

B. Kelly, Monterey Bay Aquarium

Nigel Bruce/Practical Action

Citizensadvice.co.uk

Kitson & Partners

Sustainable management of the oceans

Green jobs and social inclusion

Sustainable consumption and production + Means of implementation

http://www.uncsd2012.org/rio20/content/documents/189conf_brochure.pdf http://www.uncsd2012.org/rio20/7issues.html

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A penny for my thoughts…
• Some good progress has been made • A renewed sense of urgency is needed • We know what the challenges are – it is time for action • Important to recognise context (e.g. economic constraints)

• Solutions need: • Multi-issue approach • Approach from new, innovative angles • Collaboration • We all are actors and have a role to play
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Exercise: Break into discussion groups and report back your top insight

Action for change Choices Options Insights / Conclusions Data: What you see, hear, read and experience

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