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Global Passport

Iceland
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Teacher Notes:
I’m {isting my brief narrative for the order in which I introduced components in this unit during my instruction.

To engage students, begin watching an official tourism video for South Iceland available on youtube. This video will give your kids an idea that life in Iceland is inviting. Youtube Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5PHN_AtVRt8 After giving the kiddos a brief glimpse at what Iceland offers, introduced its nickname: Island of Fire and Ice. Allow students to respond by predicting and inferring its meaning. Choose a book to introduce the topic of vo{canoes. I recommend scho{astic’s book: Volcanoes by Stamper for it’s vocabu{ary!

While reading the book, introduce various Vo{canic vocabu{ary words. You’{{ find a vocabulary sheet in this packet. Allow time for kids to discuss the word. This will allow for creative kid friendly definitions in their Volcanic Vocabulary Dictionary. I provided an optional assessment page on parts of a volcanoes.

I recommend downloading How the Earth Was Made: Iceland. This youtube video will take a few minutes to down{oad. It’s 45 minutes long. Watched the first 8 minutes and 40 seconds on the volcanoes and then stop the video. Youtube Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IhRK-RUGwbE

Following the video, allow the kids to mold together a representation of a volcano with clay or play-doh. ActivityTV has a wonderful video on the steps creating an erupting volcano. The video will help you while preparing the experiment. The kids will enjoy the show too! Following the experiment, the kids will follow up with a response sheet. ActivityTV: Science Experiment
http://www.activitytv.com/138-erupting-volcano

Note Time Magazine for Kids featured an article on the volcanic eruption that took place at Eyjafjallajokull on April 14th, 2010.

Maintain Throughout All the volcanic learning then became our first heading for the report on Iceland. Included in this pack is a KWL. We charted facts during our quest for understanding to assist in our report later! Puffins To begin discussions on puffins, show students a picture and ask for their thoughts. Many students wi{{ think it’s a penguin. Provided is a KWL for kids to fill in facts throughout learning. Puffin Photos and Facts http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/ animals/creaturefeature/atlanticpuffin/ Use the above site to share pictures and sounds of puffins with your students. I came back at a later date for the facts. For all the visual learners, watching the video before reading the facts will allow the kids an understanding of the bird.

Discovery Video The Discovery Channels Ultimate Journeys: Iceland is a wonderful video. If you have the time, I highly recommend watching most of the video. Have the video downloaded ahead of time. It’s a{so 45 minutes {ong and wi{{ take time to buffer. Fast forward in the video 14 minutes and 19 seconds and pause. This section of the video will be all about various Icelandic bird: including the Atlantic Puffin. Stop the video at 21 minutes and 40 seconds. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DSrR0svMYfs In addition, play a four minute video about a young puffins first solo swim and unique sense that guide him throughout his lifetime! National Geographic Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DSrR0svMYfs

Puffin Craftivity Allow time for students to create a puffin craftivity. Provided is a diagram for labeling. Puffin Clowns of the Sea This fun read aloud will provide the additional facts needed to successfully pull together the second heading of class reports. Keeping Warm Discuss puffins waterproof feathers and how this adaptation keeps them warm and alive. Supplies: Down Feather, Duck Feather, Water Directions: Place both feathers in water. Allow time for students to observe the difference between the two wet feathers. Follow up Discussion: Which feather would help the puffin survive? Why do you think so?

Habitat/Climate With the ever changing climate and habitats, it’s important to discuss the effects of these changes on puffins! National Geographic Video http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=zoHD2GxcBMw&feature=relmfu Understanding the loss of a species effects the ecosystem and the animals that thrive within it.

A link was provided, on page six, for a Discovery video. Within the first 14 minutes, you’{{ find information on fish hatcheries in Iceland.

The land of FIRE and ICE.

Think about the words FIRE and ICE. What do you predict and infer the nickname means?

Volcanic Vocabulary ash cloud- cloud of ash that forms in the air after some volcanic eruptions. conduit - a conduit is a passage through which magma (molten rock) flows in a volcano. crust - the crust is Earth's outermost, rocky layer. lava - lava is molten rock of erupting volcanoes. magma chamber - contains magma (molten rock) deep within the Earth's crust. side vent - a vent in the side of a volcano. vent - an opening in the Earth's surface through which volcanic materials erupt.

Volcanic Vocabulary By __________
Ash Cloud

Lava Side Vent Conduit

Crust

Magma Chamber

Name: ____________

Date: ____________

Ash Cloud Conduit Lava

Crust Vent

Side Vent Magma Chamber

Name: ____________
Supplies:

Date: ____________

Illustrate the two supplies you believe will cause the reaction.

Describe the results of your experiment:

Puffins Clowns of the Sea “He{{o, {itt{e brothers,” sai{ors ca{{ to the small black-and-white birds bobbing like corks on the sea. Like sailors, Atlantic Puffins are at home on the waves. Their scientific name, Fratercula arctica, means “{itt{e brother of the north.” Puffins live most of their life on the open sea. They come to shore for only a few months each year to nest. Young birds not ready to mate may spend more than three years on the water before coming back to {and. They’re ab{e to stay out so {ong because they can drink salt water and get rid of the salt through their nostrils. Puffins are about the size of fat pigeons, with black and white bellies. Their large beaks are bright orange and yellow. They stand upright on land like tiny penguins. In the water they look like ducks, with short stiff, black tail feathers fanning up to show white rears. Their big orange feet paddle like windup dolls.

Some people call puffins sea clowns. During the spring nesting season, they grow blue patches on beaks near their eyes. Their faces are chalk white, and their eye markings make them look sad. They sway from side to side as they waddle along on gum-boot feet. They cry like crazy bumb{ebees, {ooking as if they’{{ crash at any moment. They’re k{utzy at f{ying and wa{king, but puffins are expert swimmers. They dive deep in search of food, using their strong wings like fins. They easily catch and swallow small fish. Puffins must take good care of their feathers. Dirty, mussed feathers are not waterproof, and if a puffin’s skin gets wet, the bird will freeze in the icy sea. Puffins spend hours each day smoothing and cleaning their feathers with oil from their gland near their tails. Puffins grow new feathers every winter as old, shabby ones fall out. While the wing

and tail feathers are growing, puffins cannot f{y. But within a few weeks they’{{ have bright new coats, just in time for nesting season. Each spring adult bird returns to the same rocky islands where they were born. They gather offshore in large groups called rafts, where they meet friends and check out the fish supply. In a few days, they pair off and fly onto land. Puffins usually mate for life. They like to use the same nesting burrow each year. Sometimes rabbits take over the empty burrows. The angry puffins stamp their feet, growl, and snap their beaks. The frightened rabbits leave in a big hurry. Newly hatched puffin chicks are round, fluffy, and always hungry. They can eat their weight in fish each day. The parents easily catch and carry small fish to the burrow. The chicks grow fast. When it is six to

seven weeks old, its parents leave. The young bird gets very hungry. One night it finds its way out of the burrow, walks off the edge of a cliff, and plops into the sea. The adult birds return to the ocean. In a few weeks, the colorful stripes on their beaks peel off, leaving the beaks smaller and duller. The bright decorations will grow back the next spring, a sign for the birds to return to their home islands to nest. Until then, the puffins live on the waves. Sai{ors ca{{ out to them, “Ahoy, {itt{e brothers, you’ve come back to keep us company.”

Diagram and Chart

Craftivity

Graphic by Cheryl Saoud

Eye Black

Outside Body Black

Outside Head Black

Inside Head White Outside Beak Yellow Orange

Inside Body White

Inside Beak Orange Inner Beak Blue

Left Wing Black

Feet Orange

Right Wing Black

I’ve provided a third piece to the puffins bill. The piece is blue. This change occurs during spring.

Puffin Feather Experiment Results:
Record the results of the feather experiment. What happened?

Hypothesis:

What keeps the puffin bird alive in the icy cold waters of Iceland?

___________________________

___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ Illustrate:

___________________________

___________________________
Provided

Observation:

are two different Touch both feathers, predict which feathers. would be better for survival in cold water, and infer why.

___________________________

___________________________

___________________________

___________________________

Geysers Students began their studies of geysers with this video from PBS kids. http://pbskids.org/dragonflytv/show/ geysers.html This video open the doors for understanding geothermal energy. This article shows how the energy is harnessed and used in Iceland. http://www.kids.esdb.bg/geothermal.html http://www.alliantenergykids.com/ energyandtheenvironment/ renewableenergy/022401 The kids and I shot of a geyser to allow kids to understand the explosion. http://www.stevespanglerscience.com/ product/geyser-tube

Acknowledgements Videos compiled through web research and linked within the unit. Volcanic Vocabulary found on Enchanted Learning. Puffins, Clowns of the Sea is a selection from HM Reading.

Clipart created by Cheryl Saoud, ME!!!

Click Graphics to Link!