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1. What is a microorganism?

(a) A microorganism is a small organism that takes in and breaks downfood for energy and nutrients, excretes unused food as waste, and iscapable of reproduction. (b) A microorganism is a small organism that causes diseases only in plants. (c) A microorganism is a small organism that causes diseases only inanimals. (d) A microorganism is a term that refers to a cell. [wp_campaign_1] 2. What is a pathogenic microorganism? (a) A microorganism that multiplies (b) A microorganism that grows in a host (c) A microorganism that is small (d) A disease-causing microorganism 3. Name the parts of this microorganism using the nomenclature system:Mycobacterium tuberculosis. (a) A bacterium is a one-cell organism that does not have a distinct nucleus. (b) Mycobacterium is the presemous and tuberculosis is the specific postsemous. (c) Mycobacterium is the epithet and tuberculosis is the specific genus. (d) Mycobacterium is the genus and tuberculosis is the specific epithet. 4. Why is a bacterium called a prokaryotic organism? (a) A bacterium is a one-cell organism that does not have a distinct nucleus. (b) A bacterium is a one-cell organism that has a distinct nucleus. (c) A bacterium is a multicell organism that does not have a distinct nucleus. (d) A bacterium is a multicell organism that has a distinct nucleus. 5. Why is a fungus called a eukaryotic microorganism? (a) Fungus has cells that have a nucleus, nuclear envelope, cytoplasm, and organelles.(b) Fungus has cells that have a nucleus and no nuclear envelope. (c) Fungus has cells that have a nucleus, nuclear envelope, cytoplasm,but no organelles. (d) Fungus has cells that have no nucleus, no nuclear envelope, no cytoplasm,and no organelles. 6. What is Archaea? (a) Archaea is a classification for organisms that have two nuclei. (b) Archaea is a classification for organisms that use phagocytosis. (c) Archaea is a classification of an organism that identifies prokaryotes that do not have peptidoglycan cell walls. (d) Archaea is a classification of an organism that identifies prokaryotes that have peptidoglycan cell walls. 7. What is phagocytosis? (a) The ability of a cell to reproduce. (b) The ability of a cell to move throughout a microorganism.

(c) Edward Jenner discovered the compound microscope. (c) Germ Theory states that a disease-causing microorganism should be destroyed.(c) The ability of a cell to engulf and digest solid materials by use of pseudopods. 10. (d) A microscope whose lenses are convex.” (d) The ability of a cell to change shape. What is a compound microscope? (a) A microscope that has one lenses. (b) Germ Theory states that a disease-causing microorganism should bepresent in healthy animals and not in infected animals. What is Edward Jenner’s contribution to microbiology? (a) Edward Jenner discovered the Germ Theory. [wp_campaign_2] 8. . or “false feet. (c) A microscope whose lenses are concave. What is Germ Theory? (a) Germ Theory states that a disease-causing microorganism should be present in animals infected by the disease and not in healthy animals. (b) A microscope that has two sets of lenses: an ocular lens and an eyepiece. 9. b) Edward Jenner discovered how to create vaccinations to trigger the body’s immune system to develop antibodies that fight microorganisms. (d) Germ Theory states that a disease-causing microorganism cannot be destroyed. (d) Edward Jenner discovered the compound nomenclature system.