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Introduce a new series of images of structures integrated circuits.

In this category there are systems very old, dating from 1970 to 1980. Because they are in CERDIP type enclosures, two ceramic plates connected by an adhesive, very easy to open them - just split them skillfully. Despite the opening, these systems still work! Old systems have transistors so great that some even to the naked eye can see. In this way, all photos are very clear and with a little insight into the topic, can discern the elements such as gates and flip-flops.

Motorola MC145402
13-bit A / D and D / A converter for use in modems. A very large structure!

Four analog keys. They are visible in the picture.

10-stage Johnson counter. Year unknown.


One of the best series of 4000 meters. Counts up, down, BCD or BIN. The structure lies on a golden plate. In the upper right corner you will see a field test.

Two 4-channel multiplexers. To the right is the control logic on the left are 8 analogue keys. Manufacturer: Motorola. Year: 1980. Below is the same, but manufactured by Phillips.

Four analog keys. Designers have designed only one key, and the other formed by symmetry. Year: 1982.


8-input NAND gate. Manufacturer: Motorola.

Three 3-Input OR Gate. On the right you will see three large ridges, it is likely that the output stage.

Four XNOR gate. Manufacturer: Fairchild. Year: 1980.

Four 2-input AND gate. You can see four goals very clearly.

Six different goals: 2xNOT, NAND and NOR. The structure was covered with silicone. Manufacturer: Phillips

74 197
Fast 100MHz counter. I have two versions of the various manufacturers.

75 450
The system interfaced to high voltage. It includes two transistors and two 30V/800mW NAND gates. Transistors are made in the form of combs.


4-bit digital comparator. Supports comparison>, =, <, and has a strobe input. Manufacturer: National Semiconductor, year 1983.

Six open collector buffer. Enhanced version of temperaturnowym, ie from-55'C to 125'C. The system was flooded with silicone, so the picture is blurred.

ETC5057 Codec, filter, A / D and D / A. There are several versions that differ in the number of terminals. Here you see a cheaper version. Notice the pins that are connected to wires - in all versions of the same structure. In the upper right corner you will see a field test. A very large structure. Manufacturer: ST Microelectronics.

The microcontroller is a processor with built-in memory, ports, timers and other peripherals. Systems with this characteristic window of EPROM MCUs - to erase the memory of the structure of the integrated UV irradiate. Systems of this type for collectors are especially valuable because of its visual :)

A simplified version of mukrokontrolera 8051

This is the 8048 version of the microcontroller without ROM. RAM size: 64 bytes.

This is a version of the 8048 microcontroller, which is two times more RAM than the original, namely 128 bytes. Capacity 2kB ROM is mask programmable circuits in the production structure.

Microcontroller, which revolutionized the world and popularized electronics in consumer devices. Storage capacity ROM is 4K, but you can connect an external EPROM up to 64kb. RAM is only 128 bytes, but you can also connect an external, also to 64kB.

8041 microcontroller version of the EPROM the 1K, RAM 64B.

Similar to 8741, but with twice the memory, ROM and RAM, the 2kB and 128B.

This is another version of "development" microcontroller chips. 1kB EEPROM, RAM 64B. It has a generator on board the RC, so there is no need to connect an external clock source. Two 8-bit timers and a 27-pin I / O.

Same as 8748, but with twice the memory.

8051 microcontroller version of the EPROM.

Hitachi HD63701
Microcontroller compatible with the Motorola 68000. Used for consoles and gaming machines. List of games written for this processor is here: .

Manufacturer: Signetics world's largest MCU 8051 series! In the case of raster DIL64 pin 100mils - no more than 8 cm in length!

Manufacturer: Intel As above, but in the case of dense DIL64 pin pitch.

Piggyback 85CI54
An absolute rarity!! It is designed for the 8051 prototype. What is it? EPROM microcontrollers have a flaw - namely, to program them, they had to be removed from the system, put into kasowarki, put to the programmer, to program and put back into the system. It was very uncomfortable, especially during development. In addition, the EPROM was quite unstable - sometimes endured only a few cycles of programming and then scalak fit to be thrown away. Integrated circuits have a piggyback socket to connect an EPROM, a plain or a simulator. The simulator was connected to the computer from which wgrywało the program. With this solution you can quickly try different versions of the program without fear of damage to the EPROM. Systems of this type have been used in design studios and they were horribly expensive.

Processor to the inverter. It is specially designed for three-phase motor control. On the internet you can find the documents to kilkase pages. Besides - this is one of the most beautiful circuits in the collection :) I do not know what makes the structure so it sparkles! Interesting - the structure is more than 60 fields of solder, and housing is their only 32nd It seems that she was also in the production version of the scalaka with increased number of legs and it was exactly the same structure.

Very small microcontroller with memory EPROM. One interesting thing in this system - it has to merge two structures? Greater is connected to eight feet, and the other connects to the larger four wires. I do not know what exactly is this mysterious smaller structure, but examination under a microscope ruled out the hypothesis that it is a memory block.


One microprocessor Polish production. Equivalent to 8080. It was produced for a complete set of systems the microprocessor system, but I could not determine whether they were used somewhere.

EPROM The only Polish EPROM. Many claim that they never existed. I put photos on the proof :) Indeed, it is very rare. Produced in late 1989 and March 1990. Produced very few, and most of it was recycled to recover the gold. The microscopic images shows that there is an inscription on the structure of U2716. I wonder why? Probably the structure of the CEMI bought abroad, and Poland were only closed for a very old school enclosures, as at that time. In 1990 he was already widespread in housing CERDIP EPROMs with a quartz window. In the new capitalist world did not interest CEMI selling EPROMs with a capacity of 16kbit, when there were available scalaki up to 4Mbit capacity.

27C256 and 27C512 EPPROMy in SMD version. Their capacities of 32kB and 64kB. Very nice to shine.

Balszaja tieknika, the integrated circuits in the Soviet execution. Wynoski feet spacing of 2.5 mm rather than 2.54 (100mils) as in the case scalaków produced by the rest of the world. Housing also quite unusual, just as nothing-not-telling sign. However, under the microscope on the structure of the same inscription as on the cover, which is proof that the Russians themselves have made this arrangement.

Another Soviet EPROM, this time with an unusual chimney in the role of the window :)

Quite unusual EPROM with golden feet. The structure is unusual stripes. Compared to conventional EPROM s seen quite a lot of detail on the structure.

I have a large collection of different types of EPROM memory. Been removed from old equipment. I really like these scalaki, because they can see many interesting things, especially under the microscope. In the sunlight sparkle structure with all the colors of the rainbow (photo, unfortunately I did at the lamp, so you can not see).

Other integrated circuits

Bridge MK6010
This is the world's first integrated circuit calculator! Used in the calculator Busicom Junior / NCR 18-16. It replaced several circuits that have been used in previous versions of this calculator. Shown here are a testimony to systems of technological progress. The board is up to 2100 transistors, consisting of 360 gates and 160 flip-flops. Year 1972 and 1973. More curiosities at Vintage Calculators

Here is the ICL7106 to meters. Very unique. Nowhere has survived its documentation, even possible that it never was. The system is efficient and compatible with all meters intended for ICL7106. Works with LCD display 3 and 1/2 digit, but these were not produced in our country.

74 181
Arithmetic logic unit. Father of the microprocessor. Currently, each processor has an arithmetic logic unit in its structure and it is his brain.

Other CEMI
Microprocessor system of production systems CEMI - MCY7114 (2 pcs), UCY74S416, UCY74S405, UCY74S424, UCY74S487, UCY74181 (ALU), MCY7880, UCY74S412, MCY7304AA, UCY74S428, MCY7102C, UCY74S482, UCY74S486.

40 116
TTL-CMOS translator. Very pretty purple ceramic and gold trim. I have two actually, so was tempted to open one of them. :) It looks beautiful structure is so simple that a microscope can be seen with a single transistor.

I do not know what it is. I pulled this from an old Panasonic VCR because it is 64 feet.

Hybrid system
I do not know what a freak. Hybrid circuit, the ceramic substrate on which they are miniature SMD components and may also be of conventional integrated circuits. Removed from the same recorder, which exhibit the above.