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TI-73 / TI-83 Plus

Math by Hand

How To…

Start and Quit the Application

Use On-screen Options and Menus

Use Step-by-Step Mode

Use Fast Math Mode

Use Missing Pieces Mode

Delete the Application

More Information

Error Recovery

TI

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 2

Important Information

Texas Instruments makes no warranty, either expressed or

implied, including but not limited to any implied warranties of

merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, regarding

any programs or book materials and makes such materials

available solely on an “as-is” basis.

In no event shall Texas Instruments be liable to anyone for

special, collateral, incidental, or consequential damages in

connection with or arising out of the purchase or use of these

materials, and the sole and exclusive liability of Texas

Instruments, regardless of the form of action, shall not exceed

any applicable purchase price of this item or material. Moreover,

Texas Instruments shall not be liable for any claim of any kind

whatsoever against the use of these materials by any other

party.

Graphing product applications (Apps) are licensed. See the

terms of the license agreement for this product.

Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Apple, and Mac are

trademarks their respective owners.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 3

What Is the Math by Hand Application?

The Math by Hand application familiarizes you with mathematical

algorithms for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. For each

of these, three different modes are available:

• Step-By-Step mode shows the problem worked out one step at a

time, emphasizing place value in the base-ten system for each

algorithm.

• Fast Math mode shows the problem worked out in an animated

sequence that is similar to how you would solve the problem on

paper.

• Missing Pieces mode is a quiz that presents solved problems with

blank place values. You supply these place values to complete the

algorithm.

The Math by Hand application is a concept application that TI wants to

share with our customers, educators, and students before the product

definition and testing are complete. It is an alpha software version, and as

such, it may contain imperfections, or the coding may be incomplete.

TI invites your feedback concerning the functionality and educational

value of the Math by Hand application. Please send your comments and

questions to concept@list.ti.com.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 4

What You Need

Note In this guidebook, any information that pertains to the TI-83 Plus also

pertains to the TI-83 Plus Silver Edition, unless otherwise noted.

Hardware and software Notes

TI-73 with version 1.60 or higher of the

Graph Explorer software

—or—

TI-83 Plus or TI-83 Plus Silver Edition

with version 1.14 or higher of the

operating system software

You can download a free copy of the

latest Graph Explorer or operating

system software from

education.ti.com/softwareupdates.

Follow the link to Operating Systems.

Computer with Microsoft ® Windows®

95/98/2000, Windows NT®, or Apple®

Mac® OS 7.1 or higher installed

TI-GRAPH LINK™ computer-to-device

cable

If you do not have this cable, call your

distributor, or order the cable from

TI’s online store.

TI-GRAPH LINK software that is

compatible with the TI-73 or the

TI-83 Plus

—or—

TI™Connect software, which works with

all supported models of Flash-based TI

graphing devices.

You can download free copies of

TI-GRAPH LINK and TI Connect

software from

education.ti.com/softwareupdates.

Follow the link to Connectivity

Software.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 5

Where to Find Installation Instructions

Detailed instructions on installing this and other applications are

available at education.ti.com/guides. Follow the link to Flash

installation instructions.

Getting Help

The instructions in this guidebook are only for this application. If

you need help using the TI-73 or TI-83 Plus, refer to its

comprehensive guidebook at education.ti.com/guides.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 6

Starting and Quitting the Application

Starting the Application

1. Press _to display the list of applications on your TI73 or

TI83 Plus.

2. Select MathHand. The application’s information screen is

displayed.

3. Press any key to continue. The developers’ screen is

displayed.

4. Press any key to continue. The SELECT AN OPERATION menu

is displayed.

Quitting the Application

From the SELECT AN OPERATION menu, select QUIT or press

_¸.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 7

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

Navigating

Selecting Menu Items

You can select menu items in the following ways.

• Press _or _to highlight the menu item, and then press

_to select it.

• Press the number key that corresponds to the menu item.

Using On-Screen Options

Each screen displays one or more options along the bottom of

the screen. To select an option, press the graphing key directly

below the option.

For example,

press _or

_to select

START.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 8

Using Step-by-Step Mode

The Step-by-Step mode shows an explanation of each step that

you take to solve a problem. This mode emphasizes the base-ten

system to help develop the fast algorithm for an operation. Each

place value is shown separately with details; zeros that are

usually left off for efficiency are shown, and carrying numbers to

the next higher place value is handled in a developmental form.

1. Select an operation from the SELECT AN OPERATION menu.

2. Select STEP-BY-STEP from the SELECT A MODE screen.

3. Enter the first element of the problem, and then press _

or the appropriate operation key (_, _, _, or _).

4. Enter the second element of the problem, and then press

_.

Tip If you make a mistake when you enter a number, you can correct

it in one of the following ways.

• Press _to delete the entire number.

• Press _to move the cursor to the incorrect number, and then

enter the correct number.

• Press _to delete the digit at the cursor location.

5. Select START to display the first step in solving the problem.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 9

6. Select NEXT STEP to display subsequent steps until the

problem is solved.

7. Select REPEAT to erase the solution so that you can step

through it again.

—or—

Select BACK to return to the SELECT A MODE menu.

—or—

Select NEW to enter a new problem for the same operation.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 10

The examples below show the algorithms used to solve

problems for each type of operation.

Addition

Example: 34 + 27 = ?

First, the values in the ones place are added, and the

partial sum is shown: 11 = 4 + 7.

Note: Instead of showing the carrying of the 1 to the

tens place above the 3, the partial sum of the values

in the ones place, 11, is shown. This helps students

who are learning the algorithm for the first time or

those who have trouble lining up their writing.

Next, the values in the tens place are added and the

partial sum is shown: 50 = 30 + 20.

In the final step, the partial sums are added and the

answer is shown: 11 + 50 = 61.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 11

Subtraction

Example: 56 29 = ?

First, the value 56 is regrouped into 4 tens and16

ones. Now, 9 can be subtracted from 16, leaving 7 in

the ones column.

Next, 2 tens are subtracted from 4 tens to arrive at the

final answer of 27.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 12

Multiplication

Example: 12 " 23 = ?

The application applies the distributive property to

multiplication problems and displays the solution in a

vertical format.

You could also apply the distributive property and

display the solution in a horizontal format, as shown

below.

( ) ( ) 3 20 2 10 23 12 + × + = ×

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 3 2 20 2 3 10 20 10 × + × + × + × =

6 40 30 200 + + + =

276 =

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 13

Division

The application shows that there are 10 groups of 22

in 438, not 1 group of 22 in 43. This helps students

who are learning the algorithm for the first time, or who

have trouble lining up their writing.

The next step shows that there are 9 groups of 22 in

218. Since the remainder is less than the divisor, the

problem is solved.

To see the answer in fraction form, select FRAC. If the

fraction can be simplified, the simplified value is also

shown.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 14

Using Fast Math Mode

The Fast Math mode shows the problem worked out in an

animated sequence without showing the details that the

Step-by-Step mode shows.

1. Select an operation from the SELECT AN OPERATION screen.

2. Select FAST MATH from the SELECT A MODE screen.

3. Enter the first element of the problem, and then press _

or the appropriate operator (_, _, _, or _).

4. Enter the second element of the problem, and then press

_.

Tip If you make a mistake when you enter a number, you can correct

it in one of the following ways.

• Press _to delete the entire number.

• Press _to move the cursor to the incorrect number, and then

enter the correct number.

• Press _to delete the number at the cursor location.

5. Select START to solve the problem.

Tip Select FASTER to display the solution more quickly.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 15

The examples below show the standard fast algorithm.

Addition

No partial sums are shown in the standard algorithm.

Notice that the 1 is carried to the tens place above the 3.

Subtraction

Subtraction in Fast Math mode is similar to subtraction

in Step-by-Step mode. No text is displayed on the

screen to explain the steps.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 16

Multiplication

Multiplication in Fast Math mode shows the shortcuts

that students can use with this algorithm.

Notice that 3 " 12 and 20 " 12 are displayed as partial

products, which is a compression of the steps shown

in Step-by-Step mode.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 17

Division

Division in Fast Math mode shows the shortcuts that

students can use with this algorithm.

To see the answer in fraction form, select FRAC. If the

fraction can be simplified, the simplified value is also

shown.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 18

Using Missing Pieces Mode

Missing Pieces mode is a quiz that challenges you to fill in the

missing place values in a problem. Keep in mind the following

rules as you play the game.

• Use _and _to move the cursor to the next missing place

value.

• Enter the missing values, and then press _to check your

answer.

• After you check your answer, press _to display a new

problem.

• A leading zero is never a correct answer for a missing place

value. For example, if the problem shows Ù9, the missing

number can be 1 – 9. If the problem shows 1Ù9, the missing

number can be 0 – 9.

• In division problems, the remainder must be less than the

divisor.

• In division problems, the divisor cannot be 0.

• There may be more than one correct answer. The TI83 Plus

checks your answer to verify that it is correct.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 19

You score points based on the difficulty of the problem and how

quickly you fill in the missing pieces.

Tip

• When your score exceeds a multiple of 10,000, the score

counter is restarted. When the game ends, the cumulative

score is displayed.

• The maximum score that is displayed is 50,000. You can

continue playing after your score exceeds 50,000, but the score

will not change.

At the beginning of the game, you have three lives (lives are the

number of opportunities you have to continue playing the game if

you give an incorrect answer). You can earn extra lives by

scoring points. When your score first exceeds 500 points, you

earn one extra life; after that, you earn an extra life each time

you score 2000 more points.

Tip The game displays a maximum of three lives, but you can earn

additional lives.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 20

Number of lives

remaining (dots)

and your current

score

Amount of time

remaining to solve

this problem

Animated

hourglass

Press _to move the

cursor to this missing

place value.

Missing place value

at the current cursor

location

Returns to the

SELECT A MODE

menu.

Displays a hint to

solve the problem.

Press any key to

return to the game.

Displays the game

instructions. Press

any key to return

to the game.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 21

Deleting the Application

TI-73

1. Press _|to display the MEMORY menu.

2. Select Delete.

3. Select Apps.

4. Move the cursor to MathHand.

5. Press _. A confirmation message is displayed.

6. Select Yes to delete the application.

TI-83 Plus

1. Press _|to display the MEMORY menu.

2. Select Mem Mgmt/Del.

3. Select Apps.

4. Move the cursor to MathHand.

5. Press _. A confirmation message is displayed.

6. Select Yes to delete the application.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 22

Installation Error Messages

Low Battery

Do not attempt to download a Flash application if the low-battery

message appears on the home screen. Low battery indication is

shown on the initial screen. If you receive this error during an

installation, change the batteries before trying again.

Invalid Signature or Certificate

Either this device does not have a certificate to run the

application, or electrical interference caused a link to fail. Try to

install the application again.

Error in Xmit

This problem is usually associated with the unit-to-unit cable and

its connection between the devices. Make sure the cable is firmly

inserted in the link port of each device.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 23

Communication Error

This error indicates that the TI™ Connect software (“Unable to

communicate with device”) or TI-GRAPH LINK™ software (“Link

Transmission Error”) is unable to communicate with the device.

The problem is usually associated with the TI-GRAPH LINK

cable and its connection to the device or to the computer.

• Make sure the cable is firmly inserted in the device link port

and the computer.

• Verify that the correct cable type is selected in the software

link settings.

• Verify that the correct communications port (Com Port) is

selected in the software link settings. (This does not apply if

you use the USB port and TI Connect software.)

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 24

Archive Full

This error occurs when the TI-83 Plus does not have sufficient

memory for the application. In order to make room for another

application, you must delete an application or archived variables

from the TI-83 Plus. Before you delete an application from the

TI-83 Plus, you can save it on your computer using TI™ Connect

or TI-GRAPH LINK™ software for the TI-83 Plus. You can reload

it to the TI-83 Plus later using TI Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK

software.

Memory Error

This error occurs when the TI-73 does not have sufficient

memory for the application. In order to make room for another

application, you must delete an application from the TI-73.

Before you delete an application from the TI-73, you can save it

on your computer using TI Connect software or TI-GRAPH LINK

software for the TI-73. You can reload it to the TI-73 later using

TI Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK software.

Other Errors

See Appendix B in the TI-73 guidebook or pages B-6 through

B-10 in the TI-83 Plus guidebook for information about the

specific error.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 25

Checking Version Numbers and Free Space

Verify Operating System Version and ID Number

The Math by Hand application is compatible with TI-73 Graph

Explorer software version 1.60 and higher or the TI-83 Plus

operating system 1.14 and higher.

To verify your operating system version number:

1. From the home screen, press _|.

2. Select ABOUT.

The operating system version number is displayed below the

product name and has the format x.yy. The ID number appears

on the line below the product number.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 26

Verify Flash Application Version

The version number appears on the information screen below

the application name. To display the information screen, do one

of the following:

• Press _, and then select MathHand.

—or—

• Select INFO from the application’s SELECT AN OPERATION

menu.

Check Amount of Flash Application Free Space

TI-73

1. From the home screen, press _|.

2. Select Check Apps.

The Math by Hand application requires one free space to load

the application.

For more information about memory and memory management,

refer to the TI-73 guidebook.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 27

TI-83 Plus

1. From the home screen, press _|.

2. Select Mem Mgmt/Del.

The Math by Hand application requires at least 16,384 bytes of

ARC FREE (Flash), or one space, to load the application.

For more information about memory and memory management,

refer to the TI-83 Plus guidebook.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 28

Concept Application Evaluation License

Agreement

(Including Preview, Prototype, and Demo Apps)

BY DOWNLOADING THE SOFTWARE AND/OR DOCUMENTATION YOU AGREE TO ABIDE BY

THE FOLLOWING PROVISIONS.

1. LICENSE: Texas Instruments Incorporated (“TI”) grants you a license to use and copy the

software program(s) (“License Materials”) contained on this diskette/CD/web site. You, and any

subsequent user, may only use the Licensed Materials on Texas Instruments calculator

products.

2. RESTRICTIONS: You may not reverse-assemble or reverse-compile the Licensed Materials.

You may not sell, rent, or lease copies that you make.

3. COPYRIGHT: The Licensed Materials are copyrighted by TI or the third party licensor. Licensee

agrees that he/she will not delete the copyright notice, trademarks or protective notices from the

Licensed Materials or copies made during installation.

4. SUPPORT: The Licensed Materials are provided by TI with the understanding that only limited

support for this concept application may be available from TI.

5. TESTING: Licensee acknowledges that he/she understands that TI has not in all cases

subjected concept applications to rigorous testing and that the concept application may cause

problems with his/her calculator, including its use in any kind of shared environment. Further, it

is possible for a concept application to cause calculator crashes or lock ups which may be

difficult to recover from. You are advised that use of the concept application is AT YOUR OWN

RISK.

6. WARRANTY: TI does not warrant that the Licensed Materials will be free from errors or will

meet your specific requirements.

THE LICENSED MATERIALS ARE MADE AVAILABLE “AS IS” TO LICENSEE.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 29

7. LIMITATIONS: TI MAKES NO WARRANTY OR CONDITION, EITHER EXPRESS OR

IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF

MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING THE

LICENSED MATERIALS.

IN NO EVENT SHALL TI, ANY THIRD PARTY LICENSOR, OR TI'S SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE

FOR ANY INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, LOSS OF PROFITS,

LOSS OF USE OR DATA, OR INTERRUPTION OF BUSINESS, WHETHER THE ALLEGED

DAMAGES ARE LABELED IN TORT, CONTRACT OR INDEMNITY.

SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR

CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY.

8. RESTRICTED RIGHTS: The Licensed Materials are provided with Restricted Rights. Use,

duplication or disclosure by the United States Government is subject to restrictions as set forth

in subparagraph [c](1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at

DFARS 252.227-7013 or in subparagraph [c](1) and (2) of the Commercial Computer Software -

Restricted Rights at 48 CFR 52.227-19, as applicable.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 30

Page Reference

This PDF document contains electronic bookmarks designed for easy on-

screen navigation. If you decide to print this document, please use the page

numbers below to find specific topics.

Important Information............................................................................................ 2

What Is the Math by Hand Application?................................................................ 3

What You Need .................................................................................................... 4

Where to Find Installation Instructions ................................................................. 5

Getting Help.......................................................................................................... 5

Starting and Quitting the Application..................................................................... 6

Navigating............................................................................................................. 7

Using Step-by-Step Mode..................................................................................... 8

Using Fast Math Mode........................................................................................ 14

Using Missing Pieces Mode................................................................................ 18

Deleting the Application ...................................................................................... 21

Installation Error Messages ................................................................................ 22

Checking Version Numbers and Free Space ..................................................... 26

Concept Application Evaluation License Agreement .......................................... 28

Important Information

Texas Instruments makes no warranty, either expressed or implied, including but not limited to any implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, regarding any programs or book materials and makes such materials available solely on an “as-is” basis. In no event shall Texas Instruments be liable to anyone for special, collateral, incidental, or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of the purchase or use of these materials, and the sole and exclusive liability of Texas Instruments, regardless of the form of action, shall not exceed any applicable purchase price of this item or material. Moreover, Texas Instruments shall not be liable for any claim of any kind whatsoever against the use of these materials by any other party. Graphing product applications (Apps) are licensed. See the terms of the license agreement for this product.

Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Apple, and Mac are trademarks their respective owners.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application

Page 2

**What Is the Math by Hand Application?
**

The Math by Hand application familiarizes you with mathematical algorithms for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. For each of these, three different modes are available: • Step-By-Step mode shows the problem worked out one step at a time, emphasizing place value in the base-ten system for each algorithm. Fast Math mode shows the problem worked out in an animated sequence that is similar to how you would solve the problem on paper. Missing Pieces mode is a quiz that presents solved problems with blank place values. You supply these place values to complete the algorithm.

•

•

The Math by Hand application is a concept application that TI wants to share with our customers, educators, and students before the product definition and testing are complete. It is an alpha software version, and as such, it may contain imperfections, or the coding may be incomplete. TI invites your feedback concerning the functionality and educational value of the Math by Hand application. Please send your comments and questions to concept@list.ti.com.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application

Page 3

1 or higher installed TI-GRAPH LINK™ computer-to-device cable TI-GRAPH LINK software that is compatible with the TI-73 or the TI-83 Plus —or— TI™ Connect software.ti. If you do not have this cable.ti. Windows NT®.com/softwareupdates. which works with all supported models of Flash-based TI graphing devices. Follow the link to Operating Systems. Notes You can download a free copy of the latest Graph Explorer or operating system software from education. call your distributor. or Apple® Mac® OS 7.com/softwareupdates.What You Need Note In this guidebook. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 4 . Hardware and software TI-73 with version 1.60 or higher of the Graph Explorer software —or— TI-83 Plus or TI-83 Plus Silver Edition with version 1. unless otherwise noted. Follow the link to Connectivity Software.14 or higher of the operating system software Computer with Microsoft ® Windows® 95/98/2000. You can download free copies of TI-GRAPH LINK and TI Connect software from education. or order the cable from TI’s online store. any information that pertains to the TI-83 Plus also pertains to the TI-83 Plus Silver Edition.

com/guides.Where to Find Installation Instructions Detailed instructions on installing this and other applications are available at education.ti. refer to its comprehensive guidebook at education. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 5 .ti.com/guides. Getting Help The instructions in this guidebook are only for this application. Follow the link to Flash installation instructions. If you need help using the TI-73 or TI-83 Plus.

Press any key to continue. The developers’ screen is displayed. 4. Press n to display the list of applications on your TI 73 or TI 83 Plus. Quitting the Application From the SELECT AN OPERATION menu. 3. select QUIT or press \ .Starting and Quitting the Application Starting the Application 1. Select MathHand. The application’s information screen is displayed. 2. Press any key to continue. The SELECT AN OPERATION menu is displayed. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 6 .

press the graphing key directly below the option. For example.Navigating Selecting Menu Items You can select menu items in the following ways. • Press the number key that corresponds to the menu item. press T or U to select START. R S T U V R S T U V R S T U V TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 7 . Using On-Screen Options Each screen displays one or more options along the bottom of the screen. • Press h or ` to highlight the menu item. To select an option. and then press ¯ to select it.

and carrying numbers to the next higher place value is handled in a developmental form. and then press ¯. Select STEP-BY-STEP from the SELECT A MODE screen. Select an operation from the SELECT AN OPERATION menu. you can correct it in one of the following ways. and then press ¯ or the appropriate operation key (¥. Enter the first element of the problem. This mode emphasizes the base-ten system to help develop the fast algorithm for an operation. 2. zeros that are usually left off for efficiency are shown. • Press s to delete the entire number. 3. Tip If you make a mistake when you enter a number. and then enter the correct number. 5. • Press ^ to delete the digit at the cursor location. Enter the second element of the problem.Using Step-by-Step Mode The Step-by-Step mode shows an explanation of each step that you take to solve a problem. 1. 4. or ). Each place value is shown separately with details. . Select START to display the first step in solving the problem. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 8 . • Press _ to move the cursor to the incorrect number. .

—or— Select NEW to enter a new problem for the same operation. Select NEXT STEP to display subsequent steps until the problem is solved. 7. —or— Select BACK to return to the SELECT A MODE menu. Select REPEAT to erase the solution so that you can step through it again.6. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 9 .

Next. the values in the ones place are added. 11. Addition Example: 34 + 27 = ? First. This helps students who are learning the algorithm for the first time or those who have trouble lining up their writing. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 10 . is shown. the partial sum of the values in the ones place. In the final step. and the partial sum is shown: 11 = 4 + 7. the values in the tens place are added and the partial sum is shown: 50 = 30 + 20. the partial sums are added and the answer is shown: 11 + 50 = 61.The examples below show the algorithms used to solve problems for each type of operation. Note: Instead of showing the carrying of the 1 to the tens place above the 3.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 11 . Now. the value 56 is regrouped into 4 tens and16 ones. Next. 9 can be subtracted from 16. 2 tens are subtracted from 4 tens to arrive at the final answer of 27. leaving 7 in the ones column.Subtraction Example: 56 29 = ? First.

12 × 23 = (10 + 2)× (20 + 3 ) = (10 × 20 ) + (10 × 3 ) + (2 × 20 ) + (2 × 3 ) = 200 + 30 + 40 + 6 = 276 TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 12 . as shown below.Multiplication Example: 12 " 23 = ? The application applies the distributive property to multiplication problems and displays the solution in a vertical format. You could also apply the distributive property and display the solution in a horizontal format.

Division The application shows that there are 10 groups of 22 in 438. Since the remainder is less than the divisor. To see the answer in fraction form. This helps students who are learning the algorithm for the first time. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 13 . The next step shows that there are 9 groups of 22 in 218. If the fraction can be simplified. select FRAC. or who have trouble lining up their writing. the problem is solved. the simplified value is also shown. not 1 group of 22 in 43.

• Press s to delete the entire number. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 14 . Tip Select FASTER to display the solution more quickly. • Press ^ to delete the number at the cursor location. and then press ¯. .Using Fast Math Mode The Fast Math mode shows the problem worked out in an animated sequence without showing the details that the Step-by-Step mode shows. Enter the second element of the problem. 4. Select START to solve the problem. Enter the first element of the problem. . you can correct it in one of the following ways. • Press _ to move the cursor to the incorrect number. 3. and then enter the correct number. Select FAST MATH from the SELECT A MODE screen. 1. or ). and then press ¯ or the appropriate operator (¥. Tip If you make a mistake when you enter a number. Select an operation from the SELECT AN OPERATION screen. 5. 2.

No text is displayed on the screen to explain the steps. Addition No partial sums are shown in the standard algorithm. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 15 . Notice that the 1 is carried to the tens place above the 3.The examples below show the standard fast algorithm. Subtraction Subtraction in Fast Math mode is similar to subtraction in Step-by-Step mode.

which is a compression of the steps shown in Step-by-Step mode.Multiplication Multiplication in Fast Math mode shows the shortcuts that students can use with this algorithm. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 16 . Notice that 3 " 12 and 20 " 12 are displayed as partial products.

select FRAC. To see the answer in fraction form. If the fraction can be simplified. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 17 . the simplified value is also shown.Division Division in Fast Math mode shows the shortcuts that students can use with this algorithm.

the divisor cannot be 0. the missing number can be 0 – 9. • A leading zero is never a correct answer for a missing place value. The TI 83 Plus checks your answer to verify that it is correct. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 18 .Using Missing Pieces Mode Missing Pieces mode is a quiz that challenges you to fill in the missing place values in a problem. the missing number can be 1 – 9. If the problem shows 1Ù9. and then press ¯ to check your answer. • Enter the missing values. the remainder must be less than the divisor. For example. • After you check your answer. • In division problems. press ¯ to display a new problem. • There may be more than one correct answer. • Use _ and a to move the cursor to the next missing place value. Keep in mind the following rules as you play the game. if the problem shows Ù9. • In division problems.

000.000. after that. you earn an extra life each time you score 2000 more points. the score counter is restarted. When your score first exceeds 500 points. the cumulative score is displayed. but you can earn additional lives. you earn one extra life. You can earn extra lives by scoring points. you have three lives (lives are the number of opportunities you have to continue playing the game if you give an incorrect answer). but the score will not change. Tip • When your score exceeds a multiple of 10. • The maximum score that is displayed is 50. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 19 . When the game ends.You score points based on the difficulty of the problem and how quickly you fill in the missing pieces. You can continue playing after your score exceeds 50.000. Tip The game displays a maximum of three lives. At the beginning of the game.

Returns to the SELECT A MODE menu. Press any key to return to the game. Number of lives remaining (dots) and your current score Animated hourglass Amount of time remaining to solve this problem Missing place value at the current cursor location Displays the game instructions. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 20 .Press a to move the cursor to this missing place value. Press any key to return to the game. Displays a hint to solve the problem.

Select Apps. 6. Select Mem Mgmt/Del. Select Apps. Press ¯. Press \ / to display the MEMORY menu. Select Delete.Deleting the Application TI-73 1. 3. Select Yes to delete the application. A confirmation message is displayed. 2. Press ^. 3. A confirmation message is displayed. Press \ / to display the MEMORY menu. TI-83 Plus 1. 4. 2. Select Yes to delete the application. 5. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 21 . 4. 6. Move the cursor to MathHand. Move the cursor to MathHand. 5.

or electrical interference caused a link to fail.Installation Error Messages Low Battery Do not attempt to download a Flash application if the low-battery message appears on the home screen. Try to install the application again. Error in Xmit This problem is usually associated with the unit-to-unit cable and its connection between the devices. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 22 . If you receive this error during an installation. Low battery indication is shown on the initial screen. Make sure the cable is firmly inserted in the link port of each device. Invalid Signature or Certificate Either this device does not have a certificate to run the application. change the batteries before trying again.

• Verify that the correct cable type is selected in the software link settings. The problem is usually associated with the TI-GRAPH LINK cable and its connection to the device or to the computer. • Make sure the cable is firmly inserted in the device link port and the computer. • Verify that the correct communications port (Com Port) is selected in the software link settings.Communication Error This error indicates that the TI™ Connect software (“Unable to communicate with device”) or TI-GRAPH LINK™ software (“Link Transmission Error”) is unable to communicate with the device. (This does not apply if you use the USB port and TI Connect software.) TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 23 .

Memory Error This error occurs when the TI-73 does not have sufficient memory for the application. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 24 . you can save it on your computer using TI Connect software or TI-GRAPH LINK software for the TI-73.Archive Full This error occurs when the TI-83 Plus does not have sufficient memory for the application. You can reload it to the TI-73 later using TI Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK software. Other Errors See Appendix B in the TI-73 guidebook or pages B-6 through B-10 in the TI-83 Plus guidebook for information about the specific error. Before you delete an application from the TI-83 Plus. you must delete an application from the TI-73. You can reload it to the TI-83 Plus later using TI Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK software. you must delete an application or archived variables from the TI-83 Plus. In order to make room for another application. Before you delete an application from the TI-73. In order to make room for another application. you can save it on your computer using TI™ Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK™ software for the TI-83 Plus.

Select ABOUT. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 25 . To verify your operating system version number: 1. press \ /.Checking Version Numbers and Free Space Verify Operating System Version and ID Number The Math by Hand application is compatible with TI-73 Graph Explorer software version 1. 2. The operating system version number is displayed below the product name and has the format x.60 and higher or the TI-83 Plus operating system 1. The ID number appears on the line below the product number.14 and higher.yy. From the home screen.

2. The Math by Hand application requires one free space to load the application. From the home screen. refer to the TI-73 guidebook. To display the information screen. Check Amount of Flash Application Free Space TI-73 1.Verify Flash Application Version The version number appears on the information screen below the application name. press \ /. and then select MathHand. Select Check Apps. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 26 . For more information about memory and memory management. —or— • Select INFO from the application’s SELECT AN OPERATION menu. do one of the following: • Press n.

From the home screen. Select Mem Mgmt/Del. refer to the TI-83 Plus guidebook. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 27 . press \ /. or one space. For more information about memory and memory management. The Math by Hand application requires at least 16. to load the application.384 bytes of ARC FREE (Flash). 2.TI-83 Plus 1.

1. and any subsequent user. rent. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 28 . including its use in any kind of shared environment. Further. Licensee agrees that he/she will not delete the copyright notice. 5. RESTRICTIONS: You may not reverse-assemble or reverse-compile the Licensed Materials. 3. or lease copies that you make. Prototype. You are advised that use of the concept application is AT YOUR OWN RISK. 6. it is possible for a concept application to cause calculator crashes or lock ups which may be difficult to recover from. WARRANTY: TI does not warrant that the Licensed Materials will be free from errors or will meet your specific requirements.Concept Application Evaluation License Agreement (Including Preview. THE LICENSED MATERIALS ARE MADE AVAILABLE “AS IS” TO LICENSEE. You. and Demo Apps) BY DOWNLOADING THE SOFTWARE AND/OR DOCUMENTATION YOU AGREE TO ABIDE BY THE FOLLOWING PROVISIONS. TESTING: Licensee acknowledges that he/she understands that TI has not in all cases subjected concept applications to rigorous testing and that the concept application may cause problems with his/her calculator. SUPPORT: The Licensed Materials are provided by TI with the understanding that only limited support for this concept application may be available from TI. trademarks or protective notices from the Licensed Materials or copies made during installation. may only use the Licensed Materials on Texas Instruments calculator products. COPYRIGHT: The Licensed Materials are copyrighted by TI or the third party licensor. 4. You may not sell. 2. LICENSE: Texas Instruments Incorporated (“TI”) grants you a license to use and copy the software program(s) (“License Materials”) contained on this diskette/CD/web site.

INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. WHETHER THE ALLEGED DAMAGES ARE LABELED IN TORT. CONTRACT OR INDEMNITY. OR TI'S SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT.7. ANY THIRD PARTY LICENSOR. as applicable. REGARDING THE LICENSED MATERIALS.227-19. RESTRICTED RIGHTS: The Licensed Materials are provided with Restricted Rights. LOSS OF PROFITS. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 29 . OR INTERRUPTION OF BUSINESS.227-7013 or in subparagraph [c](1) and (2) of the Commercial Computer Software Restricted Rights at 48 CFR 52. LIMITATIONS: TI MAKES NO WARRANTY OR CONDITION. INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT SHALL TI. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. duplication or disclosure by the United States Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph [c](1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at DFARS 252. LOSS OF USE OR DATA. SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. 8. Use.

........................................................................................................................................... 2 What Is the Math by Hand Application?.......................................................................................................................... 6 Navigating ............................................ 26 Concept Application Evaluation License Agreement ................................ If you decide to print this document.................. please use the page numbers below to find specific topics................................................................. 14 Using Missing Pieces Mode................................... 7 Using Step-by-Step Mode.............. Important Information.............................................................................. 4 Where to Find Installation Instructions ......................................................................... 28 TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 30 ........ 21 Installation Error Messages ............................. 18 Deleting the Application ............................................................................................................................................................... 3 What You Need ...........................Page Reference This PDF document contains electronic bookmarks designed for easy onscreen navigation.................................................. 22 Checking Version Numbers and Free Space ................................................................ 8 Using Fast Math Mode........................................................................................................... 5 Starting and Quitting the Application..................................................... 5 Getting Help ......

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