1/30/02 © 2002 Texas Instruments

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus
Math by Hand

How To…
Start and Quit the Application
Use On-screen Options and Menus
Use Step-by-Step Mode
Use Fast Math Mode
Use Missing Pieces Mode
Delete the Application
More Information
Error Recovery
TI
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 2
Important Information
Texas Instruments makes no warranty, either expressed or
implied, including but not limited to any implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, regarding
any programs or book materials and makes such materials
available solely on an “as-is” basis.
In no event shall Texas Instruments be liable to anyone for
special, collateral, incidental, or consequential damages in
connection with or arising out of the purchase or use of these
materials, and the sole and exclusive liability of Texas
Instruments, regardless of the form of action, shall not exceed
any applicable purchase price of this item or material. Moreover,
Texas Instruments shall not be liable for any claim of any kind
whatsoever against the use of these materials by any other
party.
Graphing product applications (Apps) are licensed. See the
terms of the license agreement for this product.

Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Apple, and Mac are
trademarks their respective owners.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 3
What Is the Math by Hand Application?
The Math by Hand application familiarizes you with mathematical
algorithms for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. For each
of these, three different modes are available:
• Step-By-Step mode shows the problem worked out one step at a
time, emphasizing place value in the base-ten system for each
algorithm.
• Fast Math mode shows the problem worked out in an animated
sequence that is similar to how you would solve the problem on
paper.
• Missing Pieces mode is a quiz that presents solved problems with
blank place values. You supply these place values to complete the
algorithm.
The Math by Hand application is a concept application that TI wants to
share with our customers, educators, and students before the product
definition and testing are complete. It is an alpha software version, and as
such, it may contain imperfections, or the coding may be incomplete.
TI invites your feedback concerning the functionality and educational
value of the Math by Hand application. Please send your comments and
questions to concept@list.ti.com.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 4
What You Need

Note In this guidebook, any information that pertains to the TI-83 Plus also
pertains to the TI-83 Plus Silver Edition, unless otherwise noted.
Hardware and software Notes
TI-73 with version 1.60 or higher of the
Graph Explorer software
—or—
TI-83 Plus or TI-83 Plus Silver Edition
with version 1.14 or higher of the
operating system software
You can download a free copy of the
latest Graph Explorer or operating
system software from
education.ti.com/softwareupdates.
Follow the link to Operating Systems.
Computer with Microsoft ® Windows®
95/98/2000, Windows NT®, or Apple®
Mac® OS 7.1 or higher installed
TI-GRAPH LINK™ computer-to-device
cable
If you do not have this cable, call your
distributor, or order the cable from
TI’s online store.
TI-GRAPH LINK software that is
compatible with the TI-73 or the
TI-83 Plus
—or—
TI™Connect software, which works with
all supported models of Flash-based TI
graphing devices.
You can download free copies of
TI-GRAPH LINK and TI Connect
software from
education.ti.com/softwareupdates.
Follow the link to Connectivity
Software.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 5
Where to Find Installation Instructions
Detailed instructions on installing this and other applications are
available at education.ti.com/guides. Follow the link to Flash
installation instructions.
Getting Help
The instructions in this guidebook are only for this application. If
you need help using the TI-73 or TI-83 Plus, refer to its
comprehensive guidebook at education.ti.com/guides.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 6
Starting and Quitting the Application
Starting the Application
1. Press _to display the list of applications on your TI73 or
TI83 Plus.
2. Select MathHand. The application’s information screen is
displayed.
3. Press any key to continue. The developers’ screen is
displayed.
4. Press any key to continue. The SELECT AN OPERATION menu
is displayed.
Quitting the Application
From the SELECT AN OPERATION menu, select QUIT or press
_¸.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 7
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
Navigating
Selecting Menu Items
You can select menu items in the following ways.
• Press _or _to highlight the menu item, and then press
_to select it.
• Press the number key that corresponds to the menu item.
Using On-Screen Options
Each screen displays one or more options along the bottom of
the screen. To select an option, press the graphing key directly
below the option.
For example,
press _or
_to select
START.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 8
Using Step-by-Step Mode
The Step-by-Step mode shows an explanation of each step that
you take to solve a problem. This mode emphasizes the base-ten
system to help develop the fast algorithm for an operation. Each
place value is shown separately with details; zeros that are
usually left off for efficiency are shown, and carrying numbers to
the next higher place value is handled in a developmental form.
1. Select an operation from the SELECT AN OPERATION menu.
2. Select STEP-BY-STEP from the SELECT A MODE screen.
3. Enter the first element of the problem, and then press _
or the appropriate operation key (_, _, _, or _).
4. Enter the second element of the problem, and then press
_.
Tip If you make a mistake when you enter a number, you can correct
it in one of the following ways.
• Press _to delete the entire number.
• Press _to move the cursor to the incorrect number, and then
enter the correct number.
• Press _to delete the digit at the cursor location.
5. Select START to display the first step in solving the problem.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 9
6. Select NEXT STEP to display subsequent steps until the
problem is solved.
7. Select REPEAT to erase the solution so that you can step
through it again.
—or—
Select BACK to return to the SELECT A MODE menu.
—or—
Select NEW to enter a new problem for the same operation.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 10
The examples below show the algorithms used to solve
problems for each type of operation.
Addition
Example: 34 + 27 = ?
First, the values in the ones place are added, and the
partial sum is shown: 11 = 4 + 7.
Note: Instead of showing the carrying of the 1 to the
tens place above the 3, the partial sum of the values
in the ones place, 11, is shown. This helps students
who are learning the algorithm for the first time or
those who have trouble lining up their writing.
Next, the values in the tens place are added and the
partial sum is shown: 50 = 30 + 20.
In the final step, the partial sums are added and the
answer is shown: 11 + 50 = 61.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 11
Subtraction
Example: 56 29 = ?
First, the value 56 is regrouped into 4 tens and16
ones. Now, 9 can be subtracted from 16, leaving 7 in
the ones column.
Next, 2 tens are subtracted from 4 tens to arrive at the
final answer of 27.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 12
Multiplication
Example: 12 " 23 = ?
The application applies the distributive property to
multiplication problems and displays the solution in a
vertical format.
You could also apply the distributive property and
display the solution in a horizontal format, as shown
below.
( ) ( ) 3 20 2 10 23 12 + × + = ×
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 3 2 20 2 3 10 20 10 × + × + × + × =
6 40 30 200 + + + =
276 =
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 13
Division
The application shows that there are 10 groups of 22
in 438, not 1 group of 22 in 43. This helps students
who are learning the algorithm for the first time, or who
have trouble lining up their writing.
The next step shows that there are 9 groups of 22 in
218. Since the remainder is less than the divisor, the
problem is solved.
To see the answer in fraction form, select FRAC. If the
fraction can be simplified, the simplified value is also
shown.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 14
Using Fast Math Mode
The Fast Math mode shows the problem worked out in an
animated sequence without showing the details that the
Step-by-Step mode shows.
1. Select an operation from the SELECT AN OPERATION screen.
2. Select FAST MATH from the SELECT A MODE screen.
3. Enter the first element of the problem, and then press _
or the appropriate operator (_, _, _, or _).
4. Enter the second element of the problem, and then press
_.
Tip If you make a mistake when you enter a number, you can correct
it in one of the following ways.
• Press _to delete the entire number.
• Press _to move the cursor to the incorrect number, and then
enter the correct number.
• Press _to delete the number at the cursor location.
5. Select START to solve the problem.

Tip Select FASTER to display the solution more quickly.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 15
The examples below show the standard fast algorithm.
Addition
No partial sums are shown in the standard algorithm.
Notice that the 1 is carried to the tens place above the 3.
Subtraction
Subtraction in Fast Math mode is similar to subtraction
in Step-by-Step mode. No text is displayed on the
screen to explain the steps.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 16
Multiplication
Multiplication in Fast Math mode shows the shortcuts
that students can use with this algorithm.
Notice that 3 " 12 and 20 " 12 are displayed as partial
products, which is a compression of the steps shown
in Step-by-Step mode.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 17
Division
Division in Fast Math mode shows the shortcuts that
students can use with this algorithm.
To see the answer in fraction form, select FRAC. If the
fraction can be simplified, the simplified value is also
shown.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 18
Using Missing Pieces Mode
Missing Pieces mode is a quiz that challenges you to fill in the
missing place values in a problem. Keep in mind the following
rules as you play the game.
• Use _and _to move the cursor to the next missing place
value.
• Enter the missing values, and then press _to check your
answer.
• After you check your answer, press _to display a new
problem.
• A leading zero is never a correct answer for a missing place
value. For example, if the problem shows Ù9, the missing
number can be 1 – 9. If the problem shows 1Ù9, the missing
number can be 0 – 9.
• In division problems, the remainder must be less than the
divisor.
• In division problems, the divisor cannot be 0.
• There may be more than one correct answer. The TI83 Plus
checks your answer to verify that it is correct.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 19
You score points based on the difficulty of the problem and how
quickly you fill in the missing pieces.

Tip
• When your score exceeds a multiple of 10,000, the score
counter is restarted. When the game ends, the cumulative
score is displayed.
• The maximum score that is displayed is 50,000. You can
continue playing after your score exceeds 50,000, but the score
will not change.
At the beginning of the game, you have three lives (lives are the
number of opportunities you have to continue playing the game if
you give an incorrect answer). You can earn extra lives by
scoring points. When your score first exceeds 500 points, you
earn one extra life; after that, you earn an extra life each time
you score 2000 more points.

Tip The game displays a maximum of three lives, but you can earn
additional lives.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 20
Number of lives
remaining (dots)
and your current
score
Amount of time
remaining to solve
this problem
Animated
hourglass
Press _to move the
cursor to this missing
place value.
Missing place value
at the current cursor
location
Returns to the
SELECT A MODE
menu.
Displays a hint to
solve the problem.
Press any key to
return to the game.
Displays the game
instructions. Press
any key to return
to the game.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 21
Deleting the Application
TI-73
1. Press _|to display the MEMORY menu.
2. Select Delete.
3. Select Apps.
4. Move the cursor to MathHand.
5. Press _. A confirmation message is displayed.
6. Select Yes to delete the application.
TI-83 Plus
1. Press _|to display the MEMORY menu.
2. Select Mem Mgmt/Del.
3. Select Apps.
4. Move the cursor to MathHand.
5. Press _. A confirmation message is displayed.
6. Select Yes to delete the application.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 22
Installation Error Messages
Low Battery
Do not attempt to download a Flash application if the low-battery
message appears on the home screen. Low battery indication is
shown on the initial screen. If you receive this error during an
installation, change the batteries before trying again.
Invalid Signature or Certificate
Either this device does not have a certificate to run the
application, or electrical interference caused a link to fail. Try to
install the application again.
Error in Xmit
This problem is usually associated with the unit-to-unit cable and
its connection between the devices. Make sure the cable is firmly
inserted in the link port of each device.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 23
Communication Error
This error indicates that the TI™ Connect software (“Unable to
communicate with device”) or TI-GRAPH LINK™ software (“Link
Transmission Error”) is unable to communicate with the device.
The problem is usually associated with the TI-GRAPH LINK
cable and its connection to the device or to the computer.
• Make sure the cable is firmly inserted in the device link port
and the computer.
• Verify that the correct cable type is selected in the software
link settings.
• Verify that the correct communications port (Com Port) is
selected in the software link settings. (This does not apply if
you use the USB port and TI Connect software.)
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 24
Archive Full
This error occurs when the TI-83 Plus does not have sufficient
memory for the application. In order to make room for another
application, you must delete an application or archived variables
from the TI-83 Plus. Before you delete an application from the
TI-83 Plus, you can save it on your computer using TI™ Connect
or TI-GRAPH LINK™ software for the TI-83 Plus. You can reload
it to the TI-83 Plus later using TI Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK
software.
Memory Error
This error occurs when the TI-73 does not have sufficient
memory for the application. In order to make room for another
application, you must delete an application from the TI-73.
Before you delete an application from the TI-73, you can save it
on your computer using TI Connect software or TI-GRAPH LINK
software for the TI-73. You can reload it to the TI-73 later using
TI Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK software.
Other Errors
See Appendix B in the TI-73 guidebook or pages B-6 through
B-10 in the TI-83 Plus guidebook for information about the
specific error.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 25
Checking Version Numbers and Free Space
Verify Operating System Version and ID Number
The Math by Hand application is compatible with TI-73 Graph
Explorer software version 1.60 and higher or the TI-83 Plus
operating system 1.14 and higher.
To verify your operating system version number:
1. From the home screen, press _|.
2. Select ABOUT.
The operating system version number is displayed below the
product name and has the format x.yy. The ID number appears
on the line below the product number.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 26
Verify Flash Application Version
The version number appears on the information screen below
the application name. To display the information screen, do one
of the following:
• Press _, and then select MathHand.
—or—
• Select INFO from the application’s SELECT AN OPERATION
menu.
Check Amount of Flash Application Free Space
TI-73
1. From the home screen, press _|.
2. Select Check Apps.
The Math by Hand application requires one free space to load
the application.
For more information about memory and memory management,
refer to the TI-73 guidebook.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 27
TI-83 Plus
1. From the home screen, press _|.
2. Select Mem Mgmt/Del.
The Math by Hand application requires at least 16,384 bytes of
ARC FREE (Flash), or one space, to load the application.
For more information about memory and memory management,
refer to the TI-83 Plus guidebook.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 28
Concept Application Evaluation License
Agreement
(Including Preview, Prototype, and Demo Apps)
BY DOWNLOADING THE SOFTWARE AND/OR DOCUMENTATION YOU AGREE TO ABIDE BY
THE FOLLOWING PROVISIONS.
1. LICENSE: Texas Instruments Incorporated (“TI”) grants you a license to use and copy the
software program(s) (“License Materials”) contained on this diskette/CD/web site. You, and any
subsequent user, may only use the Licensed Materials on Texas Instruments calculator
products.
2. RESTRICTIONS: You may not reverse-assemble or reverse-compile the Licensed Materials.
You may not sell, rent, or lease copies that you make.
3. COPYRIGHT: The Licensed Materials are copyrighted by TI or the third party licensor. Licensee
agrees that he/she will not delete the copyright notice, trademarks or protective notices from the
Licensed Materials or copies made during installation.
4. SUPPORT: The Licensed Materials are provided by TI with the understanding that only limited
support for this concept application may be available from TI.
5. TESTING: Licensee acknowledges that he/she understands that TI has not in all cases
subjected concept applications to rigorous testing and that the concept application may cause
problems with his/her calculator, including its use in any kind of shared environment. Further, it
is possible for a concept application to cause calculator crashes or lock ups which may be
difficult to recover from. You are advised that use of the concept application is AT YOUR OWN
RISK.
6. WARRANTY: TI does not warrant that the Licensed Materials will be free from errors or will
meet your specific requirements.
THE LICENSED MATERIALS ARE MADE AVAILABLE “AS IS” TO LICENSEE.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 29
7. LIMITATIONS: TI MAKES NO WARRANTY OR CONDITION, EITHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING THE
LICENSED MATERIALS.

IN NO EVENT SHALL TI, ANY THIRD PARTY LICENSOR, OR TI'S SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE
FOR ANY INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, LOSS OF PROFITS,
LOSS OF USE OR DATA, OR INTERRUPTION OF BUSINESS, WHETHER THE ALLEGED
DAMAGES ARE LABELED IN TORT, CONTRACT OR INDEMNITY.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY.
8. RESTRICTED RIGHTS: The Licensed Materials are provided with Restricted Rights. Use,
duplication or disclosure by the United States Government is subject to restrictions as set forth
in subparagraph [c](1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at
DFARS 252.227-7013 or in subparagraph [c](1) and (2) of the Commercial Computer Software -
Restricted Rights at 48 CFR 52.227-19, as applicable.
TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 30
Page Reference
This PDF document contains electronic bookmarks designed for easy on-
screen navigation. If you decide to print this document, please use the page
numbers below to find specific topics.

Important Information............................................................................................ 2
What Is the Math by Hand Application?................................................................ 3
What You Need .................................................................................................... 4
Where to Find Installation Instructions ................................................................. 5
Getting Help.......................................................................................................... 5
Starting and Quitting the Application..................................................................... 6
Navigating............................................................................................................. 7
Using Step-by-Step Mode..................................................................................... 8
Using Fast Math Mode........................................................................................ 14
Using Missing Pieces Mode................................................................................ 18
Deleting the Application ...................................................................................... 21
Installation Error Messages ................................................................................ 22
Checking Version Numbers and Free Space ..................................................... 26
Concept Application Evaluation License Agreement .......................................... 28

Important Information
Texas Instruments makes no warranty, either expressed or implied, including but not limited to any implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, regarding any programs or book materials and makes such materials available solely on an “as-is” basis. In no event shall Texas Instruments be liable to anyone for special, collateral, incidental, or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of the purchase or use of these materials, and the sole and exclusive liability of Texas Instruments, regardless of the form of action, shall not exceed any applicable purchase price of this item or material. Moreover, Texas Instruments shall not be liable for any claim of any kind whatsoever against the use of these materials by any other party. Graphing product applications (Apps) are licensed. See the terms of the license agreement for this product.

Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Apple, and Mac are trademarks their respective owners.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application

Page 2

What Is the Math by Hand Application?
The Math by Hand application familiarizes you with mathematical algorithms for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. For each of these, three different modes are available: • Step-By-Step mode shows the problem worked out one step at a time, emphasizing place value in the base-ten system for each algorithm. Fast Math mode shows the problem worked out in an animated sequence that is similar to how you would solve the problem on paper. Missing Pieces mode is a quiz that presents solved problems with blank place values. You supply these place values to complete the algorithm.

The Math by Hand application is a concept application that TI wants to share with our customers, educators, and students before the product definition and testing are complete. It is an alpha software version, and as such, it may contain imperfections, or the coding may be incomplete. TI invites your feedback concerning the functionality and educational value of the Math by Hand application. Please send your comments and questions to concept@list.ti.com.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application

Page 3

1 or higher installed TI-GRAPH LINK™ computer-to-device cable TI-GRAPH LINK software that is compatible with the TI-73 or the TI-83 Plus —or— TI™ Connect software.ti. If you do not have this cable.ti. Windows NT®.com/softwareupdates. which works with all supported models of Flash-based TI graphing devices. Follow the link to Operating Systems. Notes You can download a free copy of the latest Graph Explorer or operating system software from education. call your distributor. or Apple® Mac® OS 7.com/softwareupdates.What You Need Note In this guidebook. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 4 . Hardware and software TI-73 with version 1.60 or higher of the Graph Explorer software —or— TI-83 Plus or TI-83 Plus Silver Edition with version 1. unless otherwise noted. Follow the link to Connectivity Software.14 or higher of the operating system software Computer with Microsoft ® Windows® 95/98/2000. You can download free copies of TI-GRAPH LINK and TI Connect software from education. or order the cable from TI’s online store. any information that pertains to the TI-83 Plus also pertains to the TI-83 Plus Silver Edition.

com/guides.Where to Find Installation Instructions Detailed instructions on installing this and other applications are available at education.ti. refer to its comprehensive guidebook at education. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 5 .ti.com/guides. Getting Help The instructions in this guidebook are only for this application. Follow the link to Flash installation instructions. If you need help using the TI-73 or TI-83 Plus.

Press any key to continue. The developers’ screen is displayed. 4. Press n to display the list of applications on your TI 73 or TI 83 Plus. Quitting the Application From the SELECT AN OPERATION menu. 3. select QUIT or press \ .Starting and Quitting the Application Starting the Application 1. Select MathHand. The application’s information screen is displayed. 2. Press any key to continue. The SELECT AN OPERATION menu is displayed. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 6 .

press the graphing key directly below the option. For example.Navigating Selecting Menu Items You can select menu items in the following ways. • Press the number key that corresponds to the menu item. press T or U to select START. R S T U V R S T U V R S T U V TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 7 . Using On-Screen Options Each screen displays one or more options along the bottom of the screen. • Press h or ` to highlight the menu item. To select an option. and then press ¯ to select it.

and carrying numbers to the next higher place value is handled in a developmental form. and then press ¯. Select STEP-BY-STEP from the SELECT A MODE screen. Select an operation from the SELECT AN OPERATION menu. you can correct it in one of the following ways. and then press ¯ or the appropriate operation key (¥. Enter the first element of the problem. This mode emphasizes the base-ten system to help develop the fast algorithm for an operation. 2. zeros that are usually left off for efficiency are shown. • Press s to delete the entire number. 3. Tip If you make a mistake when you enter a number. and then enter the correct number. 5. • Press ^ to delete the digit at the cursor location. Enter the second element of the problem.Using Step-by-Step Mode The Step-by-Step mode shows an explanation of each step that you take to solve a problem. 1. 4. or ‡). Each place value is shown separately with details. ›. Select START to display the first step in solving the problem. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 8 . • Press _ to move the cursor to the incorrect number. ‘.

—or— Select NEW to enter a new problem for the same operation. Select NEXT STEP to display subsequent steps until the problem is solved. 7. —or— Select BACK to return to the SELECT A MODE menu. Select REPEAT to erase the solution so that you can step through it again.6. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 9 .

Next. the values in the ones place are added. 11. Addition Example: 34 + 27 = ? First. This helps students who are learning the algorithm for the first time or those who have trouble lining up their writing. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 10 . is shown. the partial sum of the values in the ones place. In the final step. and the partial sum is shown: 11 = 4 + 7. the values in the tens place are added and the partial sum is shown: 50 = 30 + 20. the partial sums are added and the answer is shown: 11 + 50 = 61.The examples below show the algorithms used to solve problems for each type of operation. Note: Instead of showing the carrying of the 1 to the tens place above the 3.

TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 11 . Now. the value 56 is regrouped into 4 tens and16 ones. Next. 9 can be subtracted from 16. 2 tens are subtracted from 4 tens to arrive at the final answer of 27. leaving 7 in the ones column.Subtraction Example: 56  29 = ? First.

12 × 23 = (10 + 2)× (20 + 3 ) = (10 × 20 ) + (10 × 3 ) + (2 × 20 ) + (2 × 3 ) = 200 + 30 + 40 + 6 = 276 TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 12 . as shown below.Multiplication Example: 12 " 23 = ? The application applies the distributive property to multiplication problems and displays the solution in a vertical format. You could also apply the distributive property and display the solution in a horizontal format.

Division The application shows that there are 10 groups of 22 in 438. Since the remainder is less than the divisor. To see the answer in fraction form. This helps students who are learning the algorithm for the first time. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 13 . The next step shows that there are 9 groups of 22 in 218. If the fraction can be simplified. select FRAC. or who have trouble lining up their writing. the problem is solved. the simplified value is also shown. not 1 group of 22 in 43.

• Press s to delete the entire number. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 14 . Tip Select FASTER to display the solution more quickly. • Press ^ to delete the number at the cursor location. and then press ¯. ›.Using Fast Math Mode The Fast Math mode shows the problem worked out in an animated sequence without showing the details that the Step-by-Step mode shows. Enter the second element of the problem. 4. Select START to solve the problem. Enter the first element of the problem. ‘. you can correct it in one of the following ways. • Press _ to move the cursor to the incorrect number. 3. and then enter the correct number. Select FAST MATH from the SELECT A MODE screen. 1. or ‡). and then press ¯ or the appropriate operator (¥. Tip If you make a mistake when you enter a number. Select an operation from the SELECT AN OPERATION screen. 5. 2.

No text is displayed on the screen to explain the steps. Addition No partial sums are shown in the standard algorithm. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 15 . Notice that the 1 is carried to the tens place above the 3.The examples below show the standard fast algorithm. Subtraction Subtraction in Fast Math mode is similar to subtraction in Step-by-Step mode.

which is a compression of the steps shown in Step-by-Step mode.Multiplication Multiplication in Fast Math mode shows the shortcuts that students can use with this algorithm. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 16 . Notice that 3 " 12 and 20 " 12 are displayed as partial products.

select FRAC. To see the answer in fraction form. If the fraction can be simplified. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 17 . the simplified value is also shown.Division Division in Fast Math mode shows the shortcuts that students can use with this algorithm.

the divisor cannot be 0. the missing number can be 0 – 9. • A leading zero is never a correct answer for a missing place value. The TI 83 Plus checks your answer to verify that it is correct. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 18 .Using Missing Pieces Mode Missing Pieces mode is a quiz that challenges you to fill in the missing place values in a problem. the missing number can be 1 – 9. If the problem shows 1Ù9. and then press ¯ to check your answer. • Enter the missing values. the remainder must be less than the divisor. For example. • After you check your answer. • In division problems. press ¯ to display a new problem. • There may be more than one correct answer. • Use _ and a to move the cursor to the next missing place value. Keep in mind the following rules as you play the game. if the problem shows Ù9. • In division problems.

000.000. after that. you earn an extra life each time you score 2000 more points. the score counter is restarted. When your score first exceeds 500 points. the cumulative score is displayed. but you can earn additional lives. you earn one extra life. You can earn extra lives by scoring points. you have three lives (lives are the number of opportunities you have to continue playing the game if you give an incorrect answer). but the score will not change. Tip • When your score exceeds a multiple of 10. • The maximum score that is displayed is 50. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 19 . When the game ends.You score points based on the difficulty of the problem and how quickly you fill in the missing pieces. You can continue playing after your score exceeds 50.000. Tip The game displays a maximum of three lives. At the beginning of the game.

Returns to the SELECT A MODE menu. Press any key to return to the game. Number of lives remaining (dots) and your current score Animated hourglass Amount of time remaining to solve this problem Missing place value at the current cursor location Displays the game instructions. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 20 .Press a to move the cursor to this missing place value. Press any key to return to the game. Displays a hint to solve the problem.

Select Apps. 6. Select Mem Mgmt/Del. Select Apps. Press ¯. Press \ / to display the MEMORY menu. Select Delete.Deleting the Application TI-73 1. 3. Select Yes to delete the application. A confirmation message is displayed. 2. Press ^. 3. A confirmation message is displayed. Press \ / to display the MEMORY menu. TI-83 Plus 1. 4. 2. Select Yes to delete the application. 5. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 21 . 4. 6. Move the cursor to MathHand. Move the cursor to MathHand. 5.

or electrical interference caused a link to fail.Installation Error Messages Low Battery Do not attempt to download a Flash application if the low-battery message appears on the home screen. Try to install the application again. Error in Xmit This problem is usually associated with the unit-to-unit cable and its connection between the devices. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 22 . If you receive this error during an installation. Low battery indication is shown on the initial screen. Make sure the cable is firmly inserted in the link port of each device. Invalid Signature or Certificate Either this device does not have a certificate to run the application. change the batteries before trying again.

• Verify that the correct cable type is selected in the software link settings. The problem is usually associated with the TI-GRAPH LINK cable and its connection to the device or to the computer. • Make sure the cable is firmly inserted in the device link port and the computer. • Verify that the correct communications port (Com Port) is selected in the software link settings.Communication Error This error indicates that the TI™ Connect software (“Unable to communicate with device”) or TI-GRAPH LINK™ software (“Link Transmission Error”) is unable to communicate with the device. (This does not apply if you use the USB port and TI Connect software.) TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 23 .

Memory Error This error occurs when the TI-73 does not have sufficient memory for the application. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 24 . you can save it on your computer using TI Connect software or TI-GRAPH LINK software for the TI-73.Archive Full This error occurs when the TI-83 Plus does not have sufficient memory for the application. You can reload it to the TI-73 later using TI Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK software. Other Errors See Appendix B in the TI-73 guidebook or pages B-6 through B-10 in the TI-83 Plus guidebook for information about the specific error. Before you delete an application from the TI-83 Plus. you must delete an application from the TI-73. You can reload it to the TI-83 Plus later using TI Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK software. you must delete an application or archived variables from the TI-83 Plus. In order to make room for another application. Before you delete an application from the TI-73. In order to make room for another application. you can save it on your computer using TI™ Connect or TI-GRAPH LINK™ software for the TI-83 Plus.

Select ABOUT. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 25 . To verify your operating system version number: 1. press \ /.Checking Version Numbers and Free Space Verify Operating System Version and ID Number The Math by Hand application is compatible with TI-73 Graph Explorer software version 1. 2. The operating system version number is displayed below the product name and has the format x.60 and higher or the TI-83 Plus operating system 1. The ID number appears on the line below the product number.14 and higher.yy. From the home screen.

2. The Math by Hand application requires one free space to load the application. From the home screen. refer to the TI-73 guidebook. To display the information screen. Check Amount of Flash Application Free Space TI-73 1.Verify Flash Application Version The version number appears on the information screen below the application name. press \ /. and then select MathHand. Select Check Apps. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 26 . For more information about memory and memory management. —or— • Select INFO from the application’s SELECT AN OPERATION menu. do one of the following: • Press n.

From the home screen. Select Mem Mgmt/Del. refer to the TI-83 Plus guidebook. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 27 . press \ /. or one space. For more information about memory and memory management. The Math by Hand application requires at least 16. to load the application.384 bytes of ARC FREE (Flash). 2.TI-83 Plus 1.

1. and any subsequent user. rent. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 28 . including its use in any kind of shared environment. Further. Licensee agrees that he/she will not delete the copyright notice. 5. RESTRICTIONS: You may not reverse-assemble or reverse-compile the Licensed Materials. 3. or lease copies that you make. Prototype. You are advised that use of the concept application is AT YOUR OWN RISK. 6. it is possible for a concept application to cause calculator crashes or lock ups which may be difficult to recover from. WARRANTY: TI does not warrant that the Licensed Materials will be free from errors or will meet your specific requirements.Concept Application Evaluation License Agreement (Including Preview. THE LICENSED MATERIALS ARE MADE AVAILABLE “AS IS” TO LICENSEE. You. and Demo Apps) BY DOWNLOADING THE SOFTWARE AND/OR DOCUMENTATION YOU AGREE TO ABIDE BY THE FOLLOWING PROVISIONS. TESTING: Licensee acknowledges that he/she understands that TI has not in all cases subjected concept applications to rigorous testing and that the concept application may cause problems with his/her calculator. SUPPORT: The Licensed Materials are provided by TI with the understanding that only limited support for this concept application may be available from TI. trademarks or protective notices from the Licensed Materials or copies made during installation. may only use the Licensed Materials on Texas Instruments calculator products. COPYRIGHT: The Licensed Materials are copyrighted by TI or the third party licensor. 4. You may not sell. 2. LICENSE: Texas Instruments Incorporated (“TI”) grants you a license to use and copy the software program(s) (“License Materials”) contained on this diskette/CD/web site.

INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. WHETHER THE ALLEGED DAMAGES ARE LABELED IN TORT. CONTRACT OR INDEMNITY. OR TI'S SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT.7. ANY THIRD PARTY LICENSOR. as applicable. REGARDING THE LICENSED MATERIALS.227-19. RESTRICTED RIGHTS: The Licensed Materials are provided with Restricted Rights. LOSS OF PROFITS. TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 29 . OR INTERRUPTION OF BUSINESS.227-7013 or in subparagraph [c](1) and (2) of the Commercial Computer Software Restricted Rights at 48 CFR 52. LIMITATIONS: TI MAKES NO WARRANTY OR CONDITION. INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT SHALL TI. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. duplication or disclosure by the United States Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph [c](1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at DFARS 252. LOSS OF USE OR DATA. SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. 8. Use.

........................................................................................................................................... 2 What Is the Math by Hand Application?.......................................................................................................................... 6 Navigating ............................................ 26 Concept Application Evaluation License Agreement ................................ If you decide to print this document.................. please use the page numbers below to find specific topics................................................................. 14 Using Missing Pieces Mode................................... 7 Using Step-by-Step Mode.............. Important Information.............................................................................. 4 Where to Find Installation Instructions ......................................................................... 28 TI-73 / TI-83 Plus Math by Hand Application Page 30 ........ 21 Installation Error Messages ............................. 18 Deleting the Application ............................................................................................................................................................... 3 What You Need ...........................Page Reference This PDF document contains electronic bookmarks designed for easy onscreen navigation.................................................. 22 Checking Version Numbers and Free Space ................................................................ 8 Using Fast Math Mode........................................................................................................... 5 Starting and Quitting the Application..................................................... 5 Getting Help ......