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Galatians

Paul's Greetings

A Clear Gospel
• He gave himself for our sins • In this He completed G-d's will and • Delivered us from the present evil age • That is, if you pass the test

"I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, let him be accursed. As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to the one you received, let him be accursed. For am I now seeking the approval of man, or of God? Or am I trying to please man? If I were still trying to please man, I would not be a servant of Christ." (Galatians 1:6-10 ESV)

Paul's Authority
• There is a need to test a speaker against the Gospel • True Apostle defined as receiving your Mission directly from Jesus, in person. • Some in Galatia were trying to discredit Paul's preaching, and thus, his authority

2 Uses of Authority
• Leaders who do not exercise their authority = Corinth, produces apathy, compromise and division • Leaders who utilize their authority for absolute control = Galatia, slavery which decapitates faith & love • Must combine authority with accountability

2:15-21
• Jews are the children of G-d while Gentiles are sinners • But Christians know that salvation is only through a belief in Jesus Christ, not works. • Do not bring your servant into judgment, • for no one living is righteous before you. (Psalm 143:2 NIV) • The only way to live is in the participation in the death of Christ and in the resurrection unto life.

3:1-6
• Paul had clearly painted the picture of Christ crucified and the power therein • Pitting the actions/work against those of faith/belief • Have your experiences with miracles been in vain that you still believe the law to be the dictator of our lives?

3:10-13
• Establishing that no one can be justified by the law • Thus it becomes a curse to us • The cross then becomes our blessing, for on it our curse was nailed! • Jesus bore our shame by being crucified

A Trust
• The last will in testament • Has a promise of those assets to be passed onto to the beneficiaries at the appointed time • Does not go into effect until the date of execution • Does not come to completion until the passing of the Trustor >> Irrevocable

2:17-21
• What was the asset of the Trust? "The Promises" • What is the effective date? Put into effect with Abraham • Who is the Trustor? "G-d" • Who is the beneficiary? "Christ, the Son of G-d" • When do the beneficiaries receive the assets? "After the death of the Trustor"

• The purpose of the law was to correct the ways of the transgressors. An in between until the messiah comes. • The mediator would be the executor of the Trust • A mediator, however, implies more than one party; but God is one. (Galatians 3:20 NIV) • Jesus is both G-d the Trustor and originator of the covenant and the beneficiary or Son of G-d. • He dies as the Trustor to cause the Trust to go into effect and is raised as the Son old G-d to receive the benefits of the promise ... Not only Him, but all those in Christ!

3:23-29
• The law was then a necessary tool until the Christ was come, something to keep humanity in line so as not to lose complete connection with G-d, it kept us. • Now that this faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian. (Galatians 3:25 NIV) • Therefore we are united with Christ as heirs to the promise through our faith in Him. • As surely as the law does not provide miracles, our belief in Him miraculously provides access to the promises made to Abraham.

Galatians 4:1-7
• It's all a timing thing • The law was our guardian until we were able to mature enough to receive our inheritance • This Jesus was revealed at the appointed time • Becoming one in Christ we retain His Holy Spirit that makes us sons of G-d ("Abba" implies an intimacy with G-d) • and brings us into the liberty in Jesus no longer slaves to the law -- a New Covenant

Review
• Why was Paul writing to the Ephesians? • What is Paul's testimony? • Why did Paul rebuke Peter? • What was the purpose of the Law [of Moses]? • What kind of document does Paul use to explain the promises of G-d?

Galatians 4:8-20
• Revisiting Paul's disappointment. • Encouragement not to return to the previous state of living • Paul was a blessing to them, how can he now be an enemy? • The leaders were attempting to pull them away from Paul and the Gospel.

The story of Hagar & Sarah
• Hagar was the Bondservant of Sarah (Earthly Jerusalem) • Sarah was the free woman (Heavenly Jerusalem) • Ishmael was born to Hagar as a slave • Isaac born free to Sarah • Ironically the Israelites are the descendants of Isaac and were meant to be free • Instead they remain bound by the law as Ishmael • Whose child do you want to be?

Galatians 5 (Key Verses)
• 1 It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of slavery. • 7 You were running a good race. Who cut in on you to keep you from obeying the truth? 8 That kind of persuasion does not come from the one who calls you. 9 "A little yeast works through the whole batch of dough." • 14 For the entire law is fulfilled in keeping this one command: "Love your neighbor as yourself." 15 If you bite and devour each other, watch out or you will be destroyed by each other.

Works of the flesh
Galatians 5:19-21

Fruits of the Spirit
Galatians 5:22-24

Galatians 6 (Key Verses)
• 1 Brothers and sisters, if someone is caught in a sin, you who live by the Spirit should restore that person gently. But watch yourselves, or you also may be tempted. • 9 Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. • 12 Those who want to impress people by means of the flesh are trying to compel you to be circumcised. The only reason they do this is to avoid being persecuted for the cross of Christ.