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The Ancient Science- Part 1

before we proceed to the details description of Chakras we need to know the basic and structure of the human body. YOGA NADIS: Nadis are the astral tubes made up of astral matter that carry psychic currents. The Sanskrit term ‘Nadi’ comes from the root ‘Nad’ which means ‘motion’. It is through these Nadis (Sukshma, subtle passages), that the vital force or Pranic current moves or flows. Since they are made up of subtle matter they cannot be seen by the naked physical eyes and you cannot make any test-tube experiments in the physical plane. These Yoga Nadis are not the ordinary nerves, arteries and veins that are known to the Vaidya Shastra (Anatomy and Physiology). Yoga Nadis are quite different from these. The body is filled with innumerable Nadis that cannot be counted. Different authors state the number of Nadis in different ways, i.e., from 72,000 to 3,50,000. When you turn your attention to the internal structure of the body, you are struck with awe and wonder. Because the architect is the Divine Lord Himself who is assisted by skilled engineers and masons—Maya, Prakriti, Visva , Karma, etc. Nadis play a vital part in Kundalini Yoga. Kundalini when awakened will pass through Sushumna Nadi

Sankhini 10. Detailed instructions on all these centres are given elsewhere. Some say. Cervical. Pulmonary. Therefore. have influence in the physical body. the first step in Kundalini Yoga is the purification of Nadis. is absolutely essential. Vishvodhara 14. Varuni 12. A detailed knowledge of the Nadis and Chakras. Nadis and Chakras have gross manifestation and operation in the physical body. It is in the junction where the Sushumna Nadi is connected with the Muladhara Chakra. that center is called “Plexus. etc. Pusha 9. Ligual Prostatic Plexus. Since the physical centers have close relationship with the astral centers.” The physical material plexuses that are known to the Vaidya Shastra are:— Pampiniform. Payasvini 11. Hepatic Pharyngeal. The gross nerves and plexuses have close relationship with the subtle ones. have the desired effects in the astral centers. It is the highest and most sought by the Yogins. Yoga Nadis. etc. Lumbar. You should understand this point well. They are: 1. that this Kanda is 12 inches above the anus. arteries and veins. Their location. Whenever there is an interlacing of several nerves.. should be thoroughly studied. Sacral. the vibrations that are produced in the physical centers by prescribed methods. Other Nadis are subordinate to this. Alambusha 13. Gandhari 5. They are known as ‘Padma’ (lotus) or Chakras. and Sushumna is the chief. Similarly there are plexuses or centres of vital forces in the Sukshma Nadis. Saraswati 8. Kuhu 7. Esophageal. Detailed instructions on each Nadi and its functions and the method of awakening the Kundalini and passing it from Chakra to Chakra will be given in the following post . nature. The subtle lines. Hastajihva 6. Yasasvini Again Ida. Pingala and Sushumna are the most important of the above 14 Nadis.and this is possible only when the Nadis are pure. Coccygeal. Ida 3. Cardiac. All the subtle (Sukshma) Prana. Pingala 4. Sushumna 2. Out of the innumerable Nadis 14 are said to be important. Brachial. All the Nadis spring from the Kanda. functions.

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e. not to be confused with the masculine noun 'brahmA' which is the name of the first of the triad of personal Gods: brahmA. beyond the purview of temporality). In the 'Taittariya Upanishad' II.. in the neuter gender. Brahman is described in the following manner: "satyam jnanam anantam brahma". Brahman is both immanently present in the realm of materiality. "Brahman is of the nature of truth. viShNu and shiva.1. Brahman is a necessary reality." Infinite positive qualities and states have their existence secured solely by virtue of Brahman's very reality. and the source and ground of all things. fully independent. meaning complexity. Nor to be confused with bhrama. eternal (i. 'brahman' originates from the root verb 'bRRih' to grow or enlarge. interpenetrating the whole of . knowledge and infinity. non-contingent.The concept of Brahman? The word 'brahman' is a noun in Sanskrit. error or mistake.

Brahman is like the colour red.Chhāndogya Upanishad 6.Verse-2 Thus." and realize one's own connection to the divine reality that may be called Brahman or God. and happiness" -Chhāndogya Upanishad 3. which pervades the entire universe.10 tat tvam asi "You are that".5. Brahman is conceived of as the very essence of existence and knowledge. once everything that is transient is transcended.Madhavacarya. Knowledge of absence of Consciousness implies the existence of Consciousness. Is it possible for us to explain to him the meaning of the colour red? Is any amount of thinking or reasoning on his part ever going to make him understand the sensation of the colour red? In a similar fashion the idea of Brahman cannot be explained or understood through material reasoning or any form of human communication. aham brahmāsmi "I am Brahman".4. panentheistic). There is no higher Reality outside that. including every living being. the nature of Consciousness is to be its own light. While everything is presented to Consciousness. It is the very Consciousness (Sanskrit: 'cit'. He is Atman. also 'caitanyaM') that cognises knowledge.reality as the sustaining essence that gives it structure. The goal of Hinduism is to somehow "wake up. He has four steps/quarters.1 The description of Brahman from Mandukya Upanishad: sarvam hyetad brahmāyamātmā brahma soyamātmā chatushpāt All indeed is this Brahman. indicate what the principle of Brahman is: prajnānam brahma "Brahman is knowledge".Aitareya Upanishad 3. It is however known. it is that which makes known what is known. Mayavada sata dushani. those who can sense it cannot explain or argue with those who have never sensed it.14. . text 6 sachchidānanda brahma "Brahman is existence. yet Brahman is simultaneously the transcendent origin of all things (thus. .Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 4. Imagine a person who is blind from birth and has not seen anything. Several great sayings.Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 1.3 ayam ātmā brahma "The Self (or the Soul) is Brahman" . consciousness.7 sarvam khalv idam brahma "All this that we see in the world is Brahman". as direct (Sanskrit: 'aparokSha') knowledge by realisation and insight.4.8. By itself it is not an object of knowledge to be known. All our knowledge of brahman comes from the scriptures and so is indirect (Sanskrit: 'parokSha'). A lighted lamp needs no other light to illumine it. It is not known otherwise. meaning and existential being.

rain and vegetables and because it aids the development of various arts. (also mentioned in Mahabharat. six. the eleven Rudras. hymn 9. verse 2) They are: 8-Vasu. Prajaapati . also called the “Yajna” because it benefits mankind by the purification of air. Water. Skamma Tam Bruhi Katamah Swideva Sah”. Adityaas ---the twelve months of a year called Adityaas. 1/66/18) 11. Ether. Indra which is also known as the (all-pervading) electricity. consequently. Vasus are: Earth. Rudras: The ten Pranas (Praana. water. "Yasya Trayastrinshad Devaa Ange Sarve Samaahitaa. after several repetitions he says ONE. Rudra means one who makes a person to weep. They are called Vasus.e. the twelve Adityas. 8. 1. He says that there are three hundred and three and three thousand and three gods. ~(Atharva Veda 10-7-13) Which means: with God’s influence. as it is productive of great force. they cause the lapse of the term of existence of each object or being. Yajnavalkya is asked how many gods are there. verse 1) The number 33 comes from the number of Vedic gods explained by Yajnavalkya in Brhadaranyaka Upanishad – the eight Vasus. Moon. { also mentioned in Mahabharat 1/65/15-16}) 1. Devadutta and Dhananjaya) i. and in it the honor is accorded to the learned and the wise. begin to weep. Udaana. { also mentioned in Harivansha 13/51-52}) 12. moves or exists. Indra and Prajapati. When the question is repeated? He says. When the question is again repeated he says. The master of these 33 Devatas is the Mahadeva or Ishwar who alone is to be worshipped as per 14th Kanda of Shatpath Brahman . hymn 9. The eleventh is the human soul. Naag. Kurma. nervauric forces which live in the human body. Air. Samaana. these thirty-three (supporting devta) sustain the world. (Chapter I. because they are abode of all that lives. and Star. and 12-Aaditya.The concept of 33 koti devata: The Vedas refer to not 33 crore Devatas but 33 types (Koti in Sanskrit) of Devatas. Fire. Apaana. These are called ‘Rudras’ because when they desert the body. 11-Rudra. thirty three. Finally. (Chapter I. Krikal. Vyaana. Sun. In Brhadaranyaka Upanishad while discussing Brahman. it becomes dead and the relations of the deceased. 1-Indra and 1-Prajaapati. They are explained in Shatpath Brahman and many other scriptures very clearly.

These excellences of Agni are described through 100s of hymens in veda.-. Another meaning of Aag dhatu is supreme or main. Again the Aag dhatu means movement or flow. The Agni comes from the root word Aag (Dhatu). dharmas. the guardian of Truth. which streams the universe. The meaning of this Aag dhatu (root) is light or enticing light. The consciousness. the divine. the energy which is the supreme of the universe. means the energy which brings the light of knowledge. is called Agni. or enlighten the mind is called Agni. This Agni is the cosmic energy of the Supreme being . People may think that the English translation of Agni is fire and the Vedas are telling about fire or worshiping fire. The modern translator makes Vedas more difficult to understand and people often misquote it.Agni -In Vedas Agni is mentioned in everywhere. source of every energy. This Agni is the ancient. element of every devas. Yes one meaning of Agni is fire but to understand or realize the essence of Veda and why Agni is so important in Vedas we have to look deep inside it. The divine energy which is the cause of this universal climax. the energy which is from the source of divine is called Agni.

Taking the philosophy of Vedanta the Jnana Yogi uses his mind to inquire into its own nature. Therefore Vedanta is said to be the philosophy which leads to the end of knowledge and too from the ending part of the Vedas. the search for self-realization can become mere idle speculation.Jnana Yoga ( ) .The Yoga of Knowledge or Wisdom This is the most difficult path.the dualistic approach. dissolving the veils of ignorance. Three Types of Vedanta Three main schools of Vedanta emerged: Dvaita . Veda means knowledge and Anta means end. We perceive the space inside and outside a glass as different. Before practicing Jnana Yoga. The Upanishads are the final part of the ancient texts known as the Vedas. just as we see ourselves as separate from God. Advaita . the aspirant needs to have integrated the lessons of the other yogic paths . Jnana Yoga leads the devotee to experience his unity with God directly by breaking the glass. requiring tremendous strength of will and intellect. strength of body and mind. Vedanta Vedanta is that philosophy which comes from the sacred scriptures called The Upanishads.for without selflessness and love of God.the non-dualistic approach and .

The main exponent of Vedanta was the great sage Adi Sankara who was an adept of the Kevala Advaita Vedanta path. Vedanta is an actual life experience.35) Sri Krishna says "Those who see with eyes of knowledge the difference between the body and the knower of the body. Vairagya . Viveka . Jivo Brahmaiva Na Parah.Intense longing for liberation from temporal legal traits. Uparati (renunciation of activities that are not duties). Shraddha (faith). which was said to be able to separate milk (or Soma) from water. Jyâna yoga teaches that there are four means to salvation: 1. Adi Sankara and Kevala Advaita Vedanta Sri Sankaracharya summarized the essence of Vedantic teachings into three concise sentences." These can be translated in English as follows: God only is real. Dama (control of the senses)." 3. attain to the supreme goal. This practice includes the many techniques of Jnana Yoga (The Yoga of will and intellect). a philosophy in practice.The 6 Virtues: Sama-Tranquility (control of the mind). In Bhagavad Gita (13.Discrimination: The ability to differentiate between what is real/eternal (Brahman) and what is unreal/temporal (everything else in the universe. The individual is none other than God. These are: "Brahma Satyam.Dispassion: After practice one should be able to "detach" her/himself from everything that is "temporary. 4. whilst drinking. Samadhana (perfect concentration). Vedanta and Jnana Yoga The beauty of Vedanta is that it transcends dry philosophy and mere intellectual concept. Shad-sampat ." .the pure non-dualistic school.Kevala Advaita . Jagat Mithya. 2. The world is unreal.) This was an important concept in texts older even than the Bhagavad Gita. Mumukshutva . Titiksha (endurance). and can also understand the process of liberation from bondage in material nature. and often invoked the image of a Swan.

śravaṇa ("listening" to the scriptural stories of Kṛṣṇa and his companions). The Bhagavata Purana teaches nine primary forms of bhakti. 8. In the ninth chapter. channeling and transmuting his emotions into unconditional love or devotion. Chanting or singing the praises of God form a substantial part of Bhakti Yoga. bow down to Me.The Path of Devotion or Divine Love This path appeals particularly to those of an emotional nature. 6. (B-Gita 9. dāsya (servitude). 7. arcana (worshiping an image). thus having made thy heart steadfast in Me. kīrtana ("praising.23-24) The Bhagavad Gita introduces bhakti yoga in combination with karma yoga and jnana yoga. 2. (from Bhagata Purana. smaraṇa ("remembering" or fixing the mind on Viṣṇu). taking Me as the Supreme Goal.Bhakti Yoga . be My devotee. "Fill thy mind with Me. vandana (paying homage). thou shalt come to Me". sacrifice unto Me. Through prayer. 7. ātma-nivedana (complete surrender of the self).5. worship and ritual he surrenders himself to God.34) . as explained by Prahlada: 1. 4. sākhya (friendship). Lord Sri Krishna says." usually refers to ecstatic group singing). The Bhakti Yogi is motivated chiefly by the power of love and sees God as the embodiment of love. and 9. 5. pāda-sevana (rendering service). 3.

Niyamas .Pratyahara . the Eight Limbs are a progressive series of steps or disciplines which purify the body and mind.Postures 4.The Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga Compiled by the Sage Patanjali Maharishi in the Yoga Sutras. it leads to the next step: 7. These 8 limbs are: 1.The Yamas or restraints (Don'ts) are divided into five moral injunctions.The Niyamas or observances (Do's) are also divided into five and complete the ethical precepts started with the Yama. Asanas and Pranayama form the sub-division of Raja Yoga known as Hatha-Yoga 5.and the lessons of each of them need to be integrated if true wisdom is to be attained.The Science of Physical and Mental Control: There are four main paths of Yoga . There is still duality in Dhyana. They should all be practiced and developed by the letter but also more importantly in the spirit. Bhakti Yoga. All the paths lead ultimately to the same destination . Raja Yoga is also called Ahtanga Yoga referring to the eight limbs leading to absolute mental control. The chief practice of Raja Yoga is meditation. These qualities are: » Saucha or purity .this internal and external cleanliness. Raja Yoga and Jnana Yoga. Ashtanga . thought and deed. Yamas .. Dhyana . energy. 6. Also refers to celibacy » Asteya or non-stealing » Aparigraha or non-covetousness 2. » Ahimsa or non-violence: » Satyam or truthfulness » Brahmacharya or moderation in all things (control of all senses).Karma Yoga.regulation or control of the breath.to union with Brahman or God .meditation is that state of pure thought and absorption in the object of meditation. When mastered Dhyana leads to the last step: . aimed at destroying the lower nature. ultimately leading the yogi to enlightenment. They should all be practiced in word. Asanas . senses and mind. When Dharana is achieved. » Santosha or contentment » Tapas or austerity » Swadhyaya or study of the sacred texts » Ishwara Pranidhana which is constantly living with an awareness of the divine Presence (surrender to God's Will) 3.Raja Yoga . Raja Yoga Often called the "royal road" it offers a comprehensive method for controlling the waves of thought by turning our mental and physical energy into spiritual energy.withdrawal of the senses in order to still the mind.Dharana . The last 3 steps constitute the internal practice of Raja Yoga. Pranayama .concentration. It also includes all other methods which helps one to control body. Each is suited to a different temperament or approach to life.

The period from July 14 to January 14 is known is Dakshināyana . Samadhi . In Samadhi non-duality or oneness is experienced. when the sun travels towards the north on the celestial sphere.8. This called uttarayana and dakshinayana. Uttarāyaṇa. is the six-month period between Makar Sankranti (around January 14) and Karka Sankranti (around July 14).the superconscious state. The start of Uttarayana is celebrated as Makara Sankranti and Dakshinayana as Karka Sankranti throughout India. This is the deepest and highest state of consciousness where body and mind have been transcended and the Yogi is one with the Self or God. Due to this movement of Sun the Earth experiences the Seasonal Change . The stationary earth slightly tilted towards the pole stars. During summer in the northern hemisphere the North Pole experience 6 months of day light and vice versa. The name Uttarayana comes from joining two different Sanskrit words "Uttara" (North) and "ayana" (movement towards). Vedic Cosmology The Day-Night and the season change in vedic cosmology: (Geocentric model) The pole star is situated vertically above the earth’s nort h pole As the sun goes around the earth we experience day and night.